必修二 Unit 1 In search of the amber room Frederick William I, the king of Prussia, could never _________ (imagine) that this greatest gift _______ the Russia people would have such an _________
(amaze) history. This gift was the Amber Room, ______ was given this name because several tons of amber ________ (use) to make ______. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour _____ honey. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days. It was also _____ treasure _________ (decorate) with gold and jewels, ______ took the country’s best artists about ten years to make. In fact, the room was not made to be a gift. It was designed for the palace of Frederick I. ________, the next king of Prussia, Frederick William I, ______ whom the amber belonged, decided not to keep _____. In 1716 he gave it to Peter the Great. In return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers. So the Amber Room became part of the Czar’s winter palace in St Petersburg. About four meters long, the room served ______ a small reception hall for important visitors. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg _______ she spent her summers. She told her artists to add more details to it. In 1770 the room was completed the way she _______ (want). Almost six hundred candles lit the room, and its mirrors and pictures shone like gold. Sadly, _____ the Amber Room was considered one of _____ wonders of the world, it is now _______ (miss). In September 1941, the Nazi army was near St Petersburg. This was a time ______ the two countries were at war. Before the Nazi cold get to the summer palace, the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room. However, some of the Nazi _________ (secret) stole the room itself. In less than two days 100,000 pieces were put inside twenty-seven wooden boxes. There is no doubt ______ the boxes were then put ____ a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time _____ German city on the Baltic Sea. After that, _______ happened to the Amber Room ________ (remain) a mystery. Recently, the Russians and Germans ____________ (build) a new Amber Room at the summer palace. _____ studying old photos of the former Amber Room, they have made the new one look like the old one. In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg ______ they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city. Units 1 1. 在日本，人们在进屋之前须脱鞋子。 In Japan, people should _________ their shoes ______ they come inside. 2. 这个问题值得讨论。 The problem _______________________. 3. 除非我们净化我们的环境，否则人类可能将无法生存。 _____ we clean up our environment, human beings may not ______. 4. 这时目前为止我所看过的最好的电影中的一部。 This is one of the best films ___ I ____ ever seen. 5. 他是否能通过考试仍有待证实。( remain ) _________________________ he will pass the exam or not. 6. 我宁可在家里清洁家具也不出去购物。 I _____________ stay at home to clean the furniture ___________________ go out shopping. 7. 你知道这花瓶是属于谁的吗？ Do you know whom this vase ____________? 8. 她给我们食物和衣服，没有要求任何回报，这一切都让我们很感激。 She gave us food and clothes and_________ nothing ______________, _______ made us very grateful. 9. 他收到了一份礼物，难怪他那么开心。 He had received a gift. _________________ he was so happy. 10. 虽然他自己并没有觉得做了什么特殊的事情，他的同事们却对他交口称赞 (think highly of)。 His colleagues _______________________ him though he himself didn’t think he had done anything special.
Unit 2 An interview Pausanias, ______ was a Greek writer about 2000 years ago, has come on a magical journey on March 18th, 2007 ______ (find) out about the present-day Olympic Games. He is now interviewing Li Yan, _____ volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games. P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in _____ you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. I’ve come to your time to find _____ about the present-day Olympic Games because I know _____ in 2004 they were held in my hometown. May I ask you some questions about the modern Olympics? L: Good heavens! Have you really come from so long ago? But of course you can ask ______ questions you like. What would you like to know? P: How often do you hold your Games? L: Every four years. There are two main sets of Games- the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years ______ a regular basis. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games. Only athletes ______ have reached the agreed standard for their event will _______ (admit) as competitors. They may come from anywhere in the world. P: Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy __________ (compete) in winter? And what about the horses? L: Oh, no! There are no running races ______ horse riding events. Instead there are competitions like skiing and ice skating ______ need snow and ice. That’s _______ they are called the Winter Olympics. It is in the Summer Olympics ______ you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports. P: I see. Earlier you said that the athletes are invited from all over the world. Do you mean the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete _______ each other just for the honour of winning. No other countries could join in, _____ could salves or women! L: Nowadays any countries can take part ______their athletes are good enough. There are over 250 sports and each one has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, _____ play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and… P: Please wait _____ minute! All those events, all those countries and even women taking part! Where are all the athletes ________ (house)? L: For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live ______, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well. P: That sounds very expensive. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? L: As a matter of fact, every country wants the opportunity. It’s a great _________ (responsible) but also a great honour to be chosen. There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing, China. Did you know that? P: Oh yes! You must be very proud. L: Certainly. And after that the 2012 Olympics will be held in London. They have already started ______ (plan) for it. A new village for the athletes and all the stadiums will be built to the east of London. New medals will be designed of course and… P: Did you say medals? So even the olive wreath has been replaced! Oh dear! Do you compete for prize money too? L: No, we don’t. It’s still all about being able to run ________ (fast), jump higher and throw further. That’s the motto of the Olympics, you know-“Swifter, Higher and Stronger.” P: Well, that’s good news. How interesting! Thank you so much for your time. The story of Atlanta Atlanta was _____ Greek princess. She was very beautiful and could run _____ (fast) than ____ man in Greece. But she was not allowed to run and win glory for herself in the Olympic Games. She was so angry _____ she said to her father that she would not marry anyone ++++++ could not run faster than her. Her father said that she must marry, ____Atlanta made a bargain ________ him. She said to him, “These are my rules. _______a man says he wants to marry me, I will run against him. If he cannot run as fast as me, he will be killed. No one will________ (pardon).” Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta, _____ when they heard of her rules they knew _____ was hopeless. So
many of them sadly went home, but others stayed to run the race. There was a man called Hippomenes _____was amazed when he heard of Atlanta’s rules, “Why are these men so foolish?” he thought. “Why will they let______ be killed because they cannot run as fast as this princess?” However, when he saw Atlanta come out of her house to run, Hippomenes changed ______ mind. “I will marry Atlanta—or die!” he said. The race started and _______ the men ran very fast, Atlanta ran faster. As Hippomenes watched he thought, “How can I run as fast as Atlanta?” He went to ask the Greek Goddess of Love _______ help. She ________ (promise) to help him and gave him three golden apples. She said, “Throw an apple in front of Atlanta when she is running past. When she stops to pick ______ up, you will be able to run past her and win.” Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said, “I want to marry Atlanta.” The King was sad to see ________ man die, but Hippomenes said, “I will marry her—or die!” So the race began. Units 2 1. 在奥运会上所放飞的鸽子象征着和平。 At the Olympic Games, the doves released at the opening ceremony ___________ peace. 2. 那些支持主席的人必须参加一场辩论。(stand for) Those people _________________ president must take part in a debate. 3. 当午餐的铃声敲响的时候, 学生们一个接一个走出教室。 When the bell _____ for lunch, the students went out of the classroom ________________________. 4. 我们用电脑取代了老式的加法计算器。 We've _________ the old adding machine _____ a computer. 5. 经理不在时, 他负责这个商店. (in charge of) He was left _____________ the shop while the manager was away. 6. 事实上，最大的荣誉是作为最后一名火炬手把火炬带入到举办奥运会的赛场。 As a matter of fact, the greatest ____ is to be the last athlete ____ carries the torch into the stadium _____ the Olympic Games will be held. 7. 他最终向警察承认他也加入了犯罪活动。 He finally ____________ the police that he ____________ part in the crime as well. 8. 作为学校的校长，他每天必须处理许多的问题。 As principal of the school, he must _____________ many problems every day. 9. 他训练了很长的一段时间，所以获得比赛的胜利是他应得的。 He’s been training for a long time, so he _________________________ win the race. 10. 我不喜欢讲价，幸运的是我不需要做了，因为这双鞋的确非常划算。 I don’t like to bargain and luckily I didn’t have to because these shoes were _________________. Unit 3 Who am I Over time I __________ (change) quite a lot. I began ______ a calculating machine in France in 1642. ________ I was young I could simplify difficult sums. I developed very slowly and _______ took nearly two hundred years ______ I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. After I was programmed by an operator ______ used cards with holes, I could “think” _________ (logical) and produce an answer quicker than _______ person. At that time it was considered a __________ (technology) revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”. In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book _______ how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem. From then _______, I grew rapidly ________ in size and in brainpower. By the 1940s I _______ (grow) as large as a room, and I wondered ________ I would grow any larger. ________, this reality also worried my designers. As time went ______, I was made smaller. First as a PC(personal computer) and then as a laptop, I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s. These changes only became possible _______ my memory improved. First it was stored in tubes, then on transistors and
later on very small chips. As a result I totally changed my shape. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. Over time my memory has developed so much_______, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe ______! But I was always so _______ (lone) standing there ______ myself, until in the early 1960s they gave me a family ________ (connect) by a network. I was able to share my knowledge with________ through the World Wide Web. Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. I have become very important ________ communication, finance and trade. I have also been put in robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans _____ a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with _______ (happy) that I am a_______ (devote) friend and helper of the human race! Andy- the android …… My first football competition was in Nagoya, Japan several years ago. Last year our team went to Seattle, Washington in the USA. We won second place. ___________ (personal), I think the team ____ won first place cheated. They had developed a new type of program just before the competition. So we need to encourage our programmer to improve our intelligence too. We are determined to create an even ______ (good) system. In a way our programmer is like our coach. She programs ______ with all the possible moves she has seen while _______ (watch) human games. Then she prepares reliable moves to use ______ a new situation arises. In this way I can make up new moves _____ (using) “my artificial intelligence”. I would really like to play against a human team, ______ I have been programmed to act just like them. After all, with the help of my electronic brain _______ never forgets anything, ______ (use) my intelligence is _______I’m all about! Units 3 1. 在朋友的帮助下，我最终完成了这项工作。 Finally, I was able to finish the work _______________my friends. 2. 我们需要探索不同的方式来实现我们的人生目标。 We need to _______ different ways of ______________________. 3. 他下载了很多程序，以致他的电脑无法负荷而崩溃了。 He had downloaded so many programs onto his computer that it ___________. 4. 由于新一轮抛售的波浪，股市出现了进一步的下跌。(as a result of, there be, a further fall) _______________ a fresh wave of selling, there was a further ____ in the stock market. 5. 政府已经采取措施解决广州的交通问题。 The government __________________________ the traffic problems in Guangzhou. 6. 如果出现的任何困难，请打电话给我。 If any problems _______, call me. 7. 在现代的社会，几乎所有的东西都电子化了。 Almost everything is electronic ________________.
She will be________________________, signing copies of her latest novel. 9. 这个母亲正看护着她熟睡的孩子。 The mother is ______________ her sleeping child now. 10. 事实上每个族群的文化虽有不同和独特的习俗，却有共通的做人宗旨。 （in reality） In reality, all cultures have different and unique practices, but they also ________________ of doing good. Unit 4 How Daisy learned to help wildlife
Daisy had always longed _____ help ________ (endanger) species of wildlife. One day she woke up ______ found a flying carpet by her bed. “Where do you want to go?” it asked. Daisy responded immediately. “I’d like to see some endangered wildlife.” she said. “Please take me to a distant land _______ I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.” At once the carpet flew away and took ______ to Tibet. There Daisy saw an antelope _______ (look) sad. It said, “We’re ________ (kill) for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people _____ you. As a result, we are now an endangered species.” At that Daisy cried, “I’m sorry I didn’t know that. I wonder _____ is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection.” The flying carpet travelled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned _______ and found that she ____________ (watch) by an elephant. “Have you come to take my photo?”it asked. In relief Daisy burst into _______ (laugh). “Don’t laugh,” said the elephant, “We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us ______ mercy. They said we destroyed their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. So the government decided to help. They allowed tourists to hunt only ______ certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. Now the farmers are happy and our numbers are increasing. So good things are being done here to save local wildlife.” Daisy smiled. “That’s good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.” The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. A monkey watched them _____ it rubbed itself. “What are you doing?”asked Daisy. “I’m protecting myself ______ mosquitoes,” it replied. “When I find a millipede insect, I rub it over my body. It contains a powerful drug which _______ (affect) mosquitoes. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate ______ the animals live together. No rainforest, no animals, no drugs.” Daisy was _______ (amaze). “Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and we can begin producing this new drug. Monkey, please come and help.” The monkey agreed. The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. Two minutes later everything had gone—the monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But ______ an experience! She had learned so much! And there was always WWF… Animal extinction Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the earth. The ______ famous of these animals are dinosaurs. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long _______ humans came into being and their future seemed secure at that time. There were many different kinds of dinosaur and a number of then used to live in China. The eggs of twenty-five species have been found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province. Not long ago a rare new species of bird-like dinosaurs _________ (discover) in Chaoyang County, Liaoning Province. ______ scientists inspected the bones, they were surprised _______ (find)that these dinosaurs could not only run like the others _____ also climb trees. They learned this from the way the bones were joined together. Dinosaurs died out _______ (sudden) about 65million years ago. Some scientists think ______ came after an unexpected incident when a huge rock from space hit the earth and put too much dust into the air. Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs to live on any more. Nobody knows for sure why and ______ dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in such _____ short time. We know many other wild plants, animals, insects and birds have died out more recently. According _____ a UN report, some 844 animals and plants _________ (disappear) in the last 500 years. The dodo is one of _______. It lived on the Island of Mauritius and was a very________ (friend) animal. Please listen to a short story of the dodo and how _____ disappeared from the earth. Units 4 1. 由于人类的过度猎捕，许多动物都已经灭绝了。 ____________over-hunting by human beings, many animals have ______________. 2. 我们都想过平静安定的生活。 We all want to_____________________. 3. 他不肯学习，面临着期末考试不及格的危机。 He refuses to study and is__________________________ his final exams.
4. 飞机安全着陆之后，一些人喜笑颜开，而另一些人欣慰地哭了。 After the plane landed safely, some people burst into laughter while other ____________________. 5. 开车的时候，你应该注意路标。 While driving, you should____________________ the road signs. 6. 这种药物含有一些可能会影响你健康的化学成分。 This medicine contains some chemicals that may negatively _______________________. 7. 没人确切知道这一风俗是何时开始形成的。 No one knows exactly when this custom first _______________________. 8. 如果你想获得成功的话，你必须学会感恩。 You must____________ others if you want to succeed. 9. 政府提出了一项新的政策，旨在保护城市里一些重要的历史遗迹。 The government has ________________ a new policy aimed at ____________ the city’s important historic sites. 10. 根据气象报告，今天将会是一个晴朗的日子。 _______________________, it will be sunny today. Unit 5 The band that wasn’t Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or musician? Have you ever dreamed _____ playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at ______ everyone is clapping and appreciating your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan? To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to ___________ (become) rich and famous. But just how do people form _____ band? Many musicians meet and form a band ______ they like to write and play their own music. They may start as a group of high-school students, for _______ practising their music in someone’s house is the first step to fame. Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money ______ themselves or to pay for their instruments. Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for _______ they are paid in cash. Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires! However, there was one band that started _______ a different way. It _______ (call) the Monkees and began as a TV show. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based ______ (loose) on the Beatles. The TV organizers had planned to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. They put _____ advertisement in a newspaper ________ (look) for rock musicians, but they could only find _____ who was good enough. They had to use actors for the other three members of the band. As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other musicians to help them. So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. Anyhow their performances were ________ (humor) enough to be copied by other groups. They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar _____ them. Each week on TV, the Monkees would play and sing songs _______ (write) by other musicians. _______, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music. In the USA they became even _______ (popular) than the Beatles and sold even more records. The band broke up about 1970, but happily they reunited in the mid-1980s. They produced a new record in 1996, _____ which they celebrated their former time as a real band. Freddy the frog Not long after Freddy and the band became famous, they visited Britain ______ a brief tour. Fans showed their devotion by _______ (wait) for hours to get tickets for their concerts. Freddy was now quite confident ______ he went into a concert hall. He enjoyed singing and all the congratulations afterwards! His most exciting _______ (invite) was to perform on a TV programme called “Top of the Pops”. He had to go to London, wear an expensive suit and give a performance to a TV camera. It felt very strange. But as soon as the programme was over, the telephones which were in the same room started singing. Everybody was asking when they could see Freddy and his band again. They were ______ (true) stars.
Then things went wrong. Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere _______ being followed. Even when they wore sunglasses or beards people recognized them. Fans found them even when they went to the toilet. They tried to hid in the reading rooms of libraries, but it was _______ (use). Someone was always there! Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but ______ (talk) as if they were close friends. At last feeling very upset and ________ (sense), Freddy and his band realized that they must leave the country before it became too painful for them. So they left Britain, to ______ they were never to return, and went back to the lake. Units 5 1. 我梦想将来的某一天能周游全世界。 I __________________________________ one day in future. 2. 说实话，我要在公共场合表演还是太紧张了。 _________________, I’m_____________ to perform in public. 3. 有时候他们在街头或地铁里为过路人演奏来挣些额外的钱。 Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can____________________. 4. 他总是跟他的同班同学开玩笑。 He always_______________ his classmates. 5. 我很独立，不喜欢依赖别人来获得帮助。 I am______________ and don’t like to ____________ others for help. 6. 在我还没来得及熟悉这个乐队之前，他们就解散了。 Before I had the chance to _________________________ the band, they___________. 7. 除了自信，她还非常漂亮也非常敏感。 ______________________ being confident, she is also ___________ and sensitive. 8. 然而，在一年左右之后，门基乐队开始演唱他们自己的歌曲了。 However, after a year __________, the Monkees started to play and sing __________ songs. 9. 所有的付款都必须以现金的方式，不允许使用信用卡。 All __________ must be made _____________ and no credit cards are ________. 10. 我将把你的友谊视为是最重要的。 I value your friendship ______________ else.
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