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England


The Symbol of England
Suny Class 7

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England is one of the countries that make
up Great Britain. Each country has its own famous objects, people and symbols associated with them.

Symbols of England
Flags ? Heraldry ? Animals and Plants ? Food and Drink ? Buildings
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Flags

The National Flag
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England’s flag is represented by a red cross set on a white background. This cross is known as the St George’s Cross and has represented England is various forms from as far back as the Middle Ages and the Crusades (a religiously sanctioned series of military campaigns, which were waged by a large proportion of Western Europe in their efforts to restore Christianity and reclaim Christian ownership of modern-day Israel). Because of its use since the 16th century, it has come to be one of the most prominent and well-known symbols of England. The red cross was also an emblem of a knighthood system originating to England’s medieval times, known as the Most Noble Order of the Garter. With such global recognition and acclaim, it was an obvious emblem for the official flag of the country.

Flags

The Royal Banner
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The Royal Banner of England (also known as the Banner of the Royal Arms,the Banner of the King of England,or by the misnomer of the Royal Standard of England.) is the English banner of arms, that features the Royal Arms of England. This Royal Banner differs from England's national flag, St George's Cross, in that it does not represent any particular area or land, but rather symbolises the emperor vested in the rulers thereof.

Heraldry

Three Lions Emblem
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The Three Lions Crest - A symbol of England Richard the Lionheart (1189 - 1199) used the three golden lions (sometimes described as leopards) on their scarlet background as a powerful symbol of the English Throne during the time of the Crusades.

Heraldry

The Tudor Rose
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The Tudor rose, which takes its name from the Tudor dynasty, was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace.It is a syncretic symbol in that it merged the white rose of the Yorkists and the red rose of the Lancastrians—cadet branches of the Plantagenets who went to war over control of the royal house. It is also known as the Rose of England.

Animals and Plants

Lion
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The Lion is a national animal of England. Lion was the nickname of England's medieval warrior rulers with a reputation for bravery, such as Richard I of England, known as Richard the Lion heart. Lions are frequently depicted in English heraldry, either as a device on shields themselves, or as supporters. They also appear in sculpture, and sites of national importance, such as Trafalgar Square. The lion is used as a symbol of English sporting teams, such as the England national football team.

Animals and Plants

Rose

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The rose is the national flower of England. It is usually red, and is used, for instance, in the emblems of the English Golf Union and England national rugby union team.

Animals and Plants

Oak
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The oak is the national tree of England, representing strength and endurance. The term Royal Oak is used to denote the escape of King Charles II from the grasps of the parliamentarians after his father's execution; he hid in an oak tree to avoid detection before making it safely into exile.

Food and Drink

Food and Drink

?Fish

and chips is a widely consumed part of English cuisine, and is symbolic of England. In the north of England, fish and chips is often served with "mushy peas"

Foods and Drink

Tea is symbolic of England. In 2006, a government sponsored survey confirmed that a cup of tea constituted a national symbol of England

Buildings
Buckingham Palace is the Queen's official and main royal London home. It has been the official London residence of Britain's monarchy It was originally a grand house since 1837. Queen built by the Dukes of Victoria was the first Buckingham for his wife. monarch to live there. George IV began transforming it into a palace in 1826.

Buildings
Big Ben is the nickname for the great
bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London, and often extended to refer to the clock and the clock tower, officially named Elizabeth Tower, as well. Elizabeth Tower holds the largest four-faced chiming clock in the world and is the third-tallest free-standing clock tower. It celebrated its 150th anniversary on 31 May 2009,during which celebratory events took place. The tower was completed in 1858 and has become one of the most prominent symbols of both London and England, often in the establishing shot of films set in the city.

Buildings

Towers of London
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The Tower of London was originally built by William the Conqueror, following his successful invasion of England in 1066. For over 900 years, The Tower of London has been standing guard over the capital. As a Royal Palace, fortress, prison, place of execution, arsenal, Royal Mint, Royal Zoo and jewel house, it has witnessed many great events in British history.


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