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语法英语单句改错题


短文改错口诀: 短文改错要做好,常见典型应记牢。 名词爱考“数”与“格”,冠词在前“错”、“多”、“少”。 动词时态和语态,非谓搭配莫错了。连、代、形、副错一样,多是故意来混淆。 介词多半考搭配,多、漏、误用想周到。句法涉及到“一致”,从句多考关系词。 词法句法均未错,逻辑推理去寻找。

名词单句改错专题训练
A级 1. What a lot of works I have to finish today! 2. Both Marx and Engels were Germen. 3. What a beautiful weather we are having recently! 4. Most of them are woman doctors. 5. He wrote a three-hundred-words report. 6. There are four baskets of apple in that room. 7. This computer cost me eight thousands yuan. 8. Mr. Zhang looks very happy today. He has got many good news from here. 9. This hat of my father's is rather old. 10.He made many mistakes in his composition because of careless. B级 1. Will you please make a room for the lady outside? 2. The number of the students in our school are increasing. 3. She has made some progresses in English. 4. His work is better than anyone else. 5. We've missed the last bus. I'm afraid we have no way but to take a taxi. 6. He dropped the coffee's cup and broke it. 7. He gained his wealths by printing works of famous writers. 8. I spent last weekend with the Palmers. 9. My brother has had one of his tooth taken out. 10.You'll find this map of great valuable in helping you to get round London.

数词单句改错专题训练
A级 1. There are three hundreds and sixty-five days in a year. 2. The sun is 93 millions miles away from the earth. 3. This company has two hundred of workers. 4. Hundreds of people attended the party last night. 5. The boy wrote a two-hundred-words composition. 6. "I" is the nine letter of the English alphabet(字母表). 7. What's the date today? ---- It's February the two. 8. John arrived at 7:00 and Tom arrived at 6:00. So John was the first to arrive. 9. What time is it by your watch? ---- It's a half past seven. 10. About two-fifth of the students are from the countryside in this school. B级 1. When he was in his forty, he moved to America. 2. People lived a hard life in forties.
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3. What date is it? ---- It's the twenty-first of June. 4. The city has a population eight million. 5. It took me one and a half hour to finish the work. 6. The hero of the story is an artist in his thirtieth. 7. Shortly after the accident, dozens police were sent to the spot to keep order. 8. I have seen a lot after five thousand mile of journey, but have learned very little. 9. Three-tenths of forty is twenty. 10. Five pounds of apples doesn't cost two dollar.

代词单句改错专题训练
A级 1. She gave the books to you, him and I. 2. Whose dictionary is this? ---- It's my. 3. This is Tom's cap, not yours. 4. I haven't brought the dictionary with me. Will you lend me your? 5. Kate and her sister went on holiday with a cousin of hers. 6. He is too young to look after he. 7. He always helps others. This is why we trust him. 8. That took him three hours to finish the homework. 9. Who is that man? ---- He is a teacher. 10. They were both very tired, but none of them would stop to take a rest. B级 1. It is me who am going to help her. 2. He thinks more of others than of oneself. 3. We had better ask the president himself about it. 4. That is exactly all what I want to tell you. 5. What she said is the same as us. 6. The weather in summer in Beijing is hotter than it in Guangzhou. 7. He runs faster than anyone in our class. 8. I don't think that possible to master a foreign language in a short time. 9. Each of them knew about the plan because it was kept a secret. 10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, most of those hadn't been cleaned for at least a year.

副词单句改错专题训练
A级 1. The door was widely open. 2. I'll help you as more as I can. 3. He is as tall a fellow as his elder brother. 4. Mike didn't speak clear so we couldn't understand him. 5. John swims better than I, but he doesn't swim as good as my brother. 6. He works hardly. 7. He runs very fastly. 8. Harry worked good here yesterday. 9. He was deep moved by what she said. 10. A plane is flying highly in the sky. B级
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1. Don't make any changes till farther notice. 2. It's colder in Tianjin than Beijing, though Tianjin is father to the south and nearer to the sea. 3. I'll try and be careful in future. 4. We decided not to climb the mountains because it was raining hardly. 5. They had to dig deeply to find water. 6. I know the government thinks high of his invention. 7. He often comes to work early and leaves off lately. 8. What he said sounded prettily interesting. 9. The Emperor opened his eyes widely but still saw nothing. 10. I firmly believe you are right.

动词的时态单句改错专题训练
A级 1. The teacher told that the sun rose in the east. 2. I will speak to him when I will see him next Sunday. 3. I will get everything ready before my boss come back. 4. Does your mother has lunch at home? 5. He was writing a letter at the moment, I believe. 6. He can't be waiting us. 7. I am looking at the sky, and I see a strange star. 8. I haven't seen her since two months. 9. She has gone to Beijing several times. 10. Jane is doing some cleaning this time yesterday. B级 1. If it won't rain, we will go to visit the zoo. 2. The new secretary will supposed to report to the manager as soon as she arrives. 3. When I was at college I spoken three foreign languages, but I had forgotten all except a few words of each. 4. The police found that the house has been broken into and a lot of things stolen. 5. The volleyball match will be put off if it rain. 6. Mary is making a dress when she cut her finger. 7. This is the first time I had been here. 8. You can join the club when you will get a bit older. 9. Mother promised she will buy me a bike. 10. ---- We could have walked to the station. It was so near. ---- Yes. A taxi wasn't at all necessary.

主谓一致单句改错专题训练
A级 1. Mr. Smith and Mrs. Smith are teacher. 2. Both coffee and beer is on sale in the shop. 3. Either the students or the teacher are to blame. 4. Not only the students but also their teacher don't know about it. 5. Mr. Green besides his sons like sports. 6. Each of the books costs five yuan. 7. More than 30 percent of the surface are covered by water. 8. A new type of machine are on show now.
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9. She is one of the teacher who have been to America. 10. Four hours are enough to do the work. B级 1. The questions raised by the boy is very important. 2. The teacher and writer are her friend. 3. Tom, together with Mary and Alice, are going to swim this afternoon. 4. Neither of these words are correct. 5. About 70 percent of the students is from the south, and the rest of them are from the north and foreign countries. 6. Machines of this new type is made in Wuhan. 7. The windows which faces south are all broken. 8. She is the only one of the students who have been invited to the party. 9. When and where to hold the sports meet is not decided yet. 10. The number of people invited was fifty, but a number of them was absent for different reasons.

倒装句单句改错专题训练
A级 1. Here is comes the bus. 2. Out did rushed the children. 3. Away he went. 4. Only then did I realized that I was wrong. 5. Hardly had I reached the bus stop than the bus started. 6. Little he care about what others think. 7. I saw the film last week. So does she. 8. I have never been there, neither had he. 9. Nearby was two canoes ( 独木舟) in which they had come to the island. 10. Not until Mr. Smith came to China didn't he know what kind of a country she is. B级 1. What fool he is! 2. Hard does the animal make any movement. 3. Hero as he is an, he has some shortcomings. 4. Often we warn them not to do so. 5. Only when the war was over, were he able to go back to work. 6. No sooner had he arrived there when he fell ill. 7. Scarcely has he finished when someone came in. 8. Not only was everything he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship. 9. Here is the keys to number twenty-two. 10. Among them were a soldier who was wounded in the stomach.

动名词单句改错专题训练
A级 1. Walk is good exercise. 2. We must practise in speaking English. 3. He hasn't finished read the novel. 4. I enjoy myself working with you. 5. Would you mind fill out this form?
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6. I'm sorry I missed see you while in Beijing. 7. He was busy to preparing his lessons. 8. When my father heard this news, he could help laughing. 9. Thank you for tell me the news. 10. I don't feel like go to a film. B级 1. It's no use explain such things to the little child. 2. I've been looking forward coming to Beijing for a long time. 3. They failed to pass the exam last time. I regretted not be able to help them. 4. I think it useless go to such a place. 5. I'm sorry to have kept you wait. 6. I have no idea of their have done such a thing. 7. He apologized for he not being able to come. 8. Mrs. Harley has a habit of asking question and then not listen to the answers. 9. --- It's getting very late. Maybe we shouldn't go. --- No. Let's go. Getting there late is better than not arrive at all. 10. It's important for parents and children to learn how to get through to each other and skills in understanding and be understood.

定语从句单句改错专题训练
A级 1. This is the museum where I once visited. 2. The pencil with that he is writing is his. 3. This is the house where I lived in last year. 4. The first book which I read was Gone With the Wind. 5. Everything which we saw there was interesting. 6. She heard a terrible noise, that made her swallow her heart. 7. The doctor, who the nurse is talking to him, is leaving for Africa next month. 8. Who is the woman who shook hands with you just now? 9. Do you still remember the days we spent together? 10. All what is needed is a supply of oil. B级 1. Is this the book which you're looking? 2. I don't like the way which you speak to her. 3. The word "write" has the same pronunciation like the word "right". 4. He was one of the students who was praised by the teacher at the meeting. 5. The child who parents died is called an orphan. 6. The weather turned out to be fine, which was more than we could expect. 7. Is this the museum where you paid a visit to the other day. 8. Which of you can think of a situation which this idiom is often used? 9. He soon spent the money, most of it was earned in a dishonest way. 10. The days when we were together without any worries are gone and I'll always remember the days when we spent together.

名词性从句单句改错专题训练
A级
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1. Which she was chosen made us very happy. 2. That we need is more time. 3. If she will come or not is still a question. 4. Whom will go is important. 5. Which team will win the match is still unknown. 6. They are just that I shall have. 7. The question is whether it worth doing. 8. We heard the news our team had won. 9. The fact when he had not said anything surprised everybody. 10. He was interested in all what he had seen at the exhibition. B级 1. It is a pity she has made such a mistake. 2. Is that you told me really true? 3. He made quite clear that he wouldn't change his mind. 4. What did you suppose that his father was? 5. I don't doubt whether it is true. 6. You have no idea that how worried I was! 7. During the first hundred years of my stay in the sea, I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him very rich. 8. The reason why I have to go is because she will be disappointed if I don't. 9. He asked how many I paid for the violin. 10. Since you have seen both fighters, who you think will win.

状语从句单句改错专题训练
A级 1. I'll let you know as soon as they will arrive. 2. If it won't rain tomorrow, we'll have a picnic. 3. They had written three letters since they came back. 4. By the time we got home, I have forgotten all about it. 5. The light went out while we are having supper. 6. So far I know, there are five people killed in the accident. 7. Since that everybody is here, let's start our class. 8. I am happy as long as you happy. 9. Now that you are all here, let's try and reach a decision. 10. The young soldier was taken to the hospital because of he had been wounded seriously on the battlefield. B级 1. It is a long time after I saw you last time. 2. I was shopping at Folry's while I met an old friend. 3. She has made greater progress than we expect. 4. He asked me to stay which I was. 5. I don't know whether it will rain or not, but if it will, I shall stay home. 6. She comes to talk to me whenever she felt lonely. 7. ---- What was the party like? ---- Wonderful. It's years when I enjoyed myself so much. 8. Why do you want a new job when you had got such a good one already? 9. Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially as Father was away in France. 10. The WTO cannot live up to its name while it does not include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind.
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答案 名词 A 级 1. works -- work or jobs 2. Germen – Germans 3. a 4. woman – women 5. three-hundred-words -three-hundred-word 6. apple – apples 7. thousands – thousand 8. many – much 9.正确 10. careless -carelessness B级 1. a 2. are – is 3. progresses -- progress4. else -- else's 5. way – choice 6. coffee's – coffee 7. wealths – wealth 8. 正确 9. tooth – teeth 10. valuable -- value 数词 .A 级 1. hundreds – hundred 2. millions – million 3. 将 of 划 去 4. 正 确 5. two-hundred-words -two-hundred-word 6. nine – ninth 7. two – second 8. first – second 9. 将 a 划去 10. two-fifth -- two-fifths B级 1. forty – forties 2. 在 in 后加 the 3. 正确 4. 在 population 后加 of 5. hour – hours 6. thirtieth – thirties 7. 在 dozens 后加 of 8. mile – miles 9. twenty – twelve 10. dollar -- dollars 代词 A 级 1. I – me 2. my – mine 3. 正确 4. your – yours 5. hers – theirs 6. he – himself 7. This – That 8. That – It 9. Who – What 10. none -- neither or both -- all B级 1. me -- I 2. oneself – himself 3. 正确 4. what -- that or 划去 all or 划去 what 5. us – ours 6. it – that 7. 在 anyone 后加 else 8. that – it 9. Each – None 10. those -- which 副词 . A 级 1. widely – wide 2. more – much 3. 正确 4. clear – clearly 5. good -- well 6. hardly – hard 7. fastly – fast 8. good – well 9. deep – deeply 10. highly -- high B级 1. farther – further 2. 在 than 后加 in 3. 在 be 后加 more 4. hardly -- hard & heavily 5. deeply – deep 6. high – highly 7. lately – late 8. prettily – pretty 9. widely – wide 10. 正确 时态 A 级 1. rose – rises 2. 将 when I 后 will 划去 3. come – comes 4. has – have 5. was -- is 6. 在 waiting 后加 for 7. 正确 8. 在 months 后加 ago 9. gone – been 10. is -- was B级 1. won't -- doesn't 2. will – is 3. had – have 4. has --- had 5. rain – rains 6. is -- was 7. had – have 8. 将 you 后 will 划去 9. will – would 10. 正确 主谓一致 A 级 1. teacher – teachers 2. is – are 3. are – is 4. don't -- doesn't 5. like – likes 6. 正确 7. are – is 8. are – is 9. teacher – teachers 10. are -- is B级 1. is – are 2. are – is 3. are – is 4. are – is 5. is – are 6. is – are 7. faces -- face 8. have – has 9. 正确 10. them was -- them were 倒装句 A 级 1. 将 is 划去 2. 将 did 划去 3. 正确 4. realized – realize 5. than – when 6. 在 Little 后加 does 7. does – did 8. had – has 9. was – were 10. didn't -- did B级 1. 在 What 后加 a 2. Hard – Hardly 3. 将 an 划去 4. 在 Often 后加 did 5. were – was 6. when – than 7. has – had 8. 正确 9. is – are 10. were -- was 动名词. A 级 1. Walk---Walking 2. 将 in 划去 3. read---reading 4. 将 myself 划去 5. fill---filling
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6. see---seeing 7. to---with 8. could---couldn't 9. tell-telling 10. go---going B级 1. explain---explaining 2. forward 后加 to 3. be---being 4. go---going 5. wait---waiting 6. have---having 7. he---his 8. listen---listening 9. arrive---arriving 10. be---being 定语从句 A 级 1. where -- that / which 或 where 2. that – which 3. in 4. which -- that 或 which 5. which -- that 或 which 6. that – which 7. him 8. who -- that 9. 正确 10. what -- that B级 1. looking 后加 for 2. which -- that 或 which 3. like – as 4. was – were 5. who -- whose 6. 正确 7. where -- that / which 或 where 8. which – where 9. it – which 10. when -- that / which 或 when 名词性从句 A 级 1. Which – That 2. That – what 3. If – Whether 4. Whom – Who 5. 正确 6. that -- what 7. it 后加 is 8. news 后加 that 9. when – that 10. what -- that 或划去 all 或划去 what B级 1. pity 后加 that 2. that – what 3. made 后加 it 4. 划去 that 5. whether – that 6. 划去 that 7. 正确 8. because – that 9. many --- much 10. who 后加 do 状语从句 A 级 1. 将 will 划去 2. won't -- doesn't 3. had – have 4. have – had 5. are – were 6. far 后加 I 7. 将 that 划去 8. you 后加 are 9. 正确 10. 将 of 划去 B级 1. after – since 2. while – when 3. expect – expected 4. which – where 5. will – does 6. felt – feels 7. when – since 8. had – have 9. 正确 10. while – if

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(2014 大纲卷) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 l0 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。 对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误.在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√): 如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个肠字符号(A),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 All of us need friendship. The understanding 76.______________ between two friends mean both of them have similar 77.______________ ideas and trusting each other. Otherwise, it is 78.______________ impossible for him to help each other and to make 79.______________ their friendship to last long. As an old saying goes, 80.______________ “A friend in need is a friend indeed.” So really friendship 81.______________ should able to stand all sorts of tests. And it is 82.______________ wise to have as many good friends that we can. 83.______________ The more friends we have, the more we can learn for 84.______________ one another, but the more pleasure we can share together. 85.______________ 76. √ 77. 【答案】means 【试题解析】本句的主语是 the understanding?,这是单个的动名词定语,做主语的时候,谓语动词要使用 单数形式。故使用 means。 78. 【答案】 trust 【试题解析】本句是一个并列结构,动词 trust 与前面的 have?是并列结构,由 and 连接。句义:这就意味 着他们两个都要有相似的观点并相互信任。 79. 【答案】them 【试题解析】前面几句都提到的是 they,指的是多个朋友。所以应该使用 them 指代前面的 they 在句中作 为 for 的宾语。句义:否则,对他们来说相互帮助并让友谊长久是不可能的。 80. 【答案】去掉 to 【试题解析】本句是一个固定结构 make sb/sth do sth 让 sb/sth 做?;本句表示:让他们的友谊持续长久的 时间。 81. 【答案】real 【试题解析】应该使用形容词 real 做定语修饰后面的名词 froendship,really 是一个副词,在句中通常做状 语。 82. 【答案】should 后面加 be 【试题解析】固定搭配 be able to do sth 能够做某事;句义:真正的友谊应该能承担起各种考验。 83. 【答案】as 【试题解析】实际上本句是一个定语从句,先行词是 good friends,因为前面有 as many 修饰,所以关系代 词使用 as,指代先行词,并在句中作为 have 的宾语。句义:交到尽可能多的朋友是很明智的。 84. 【答案】 from 【试题解析】固定搭配 learn from sb 向某人学习。句义:我们的朋友越多,我们相互之间学到的东西就越 多。 85. 【答案】and 【试题解析】考察句子结构。句义:我们的朋友越多,我们相互之间学到的东西就越多,并且我们分享的
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快乐就越多。根据句义可知上下文之间是并列关系,故使用 and 连接上下文。 二(2014 辽宁卷) Dear Jeremy and Alice, Although we’ve been delighted to have you as neighbors, we’re hoping to settle something that bothers to us. In a word, your dog—Cleo. We’ve called several time about Cleo’s early morning barking. It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she’s outside. The early morning barking have been disturbing us as wc arc often up all night with the baby. Beside, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. This morning she starts barking even before 5 o’clock. That is too much for us. considering how closely the houses are. We appreciate our apologies and goodwill, but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter. 【答案】去掉 us 前面的 to 【试题解析】动词 bother 困扰,麻烦;这是一个及物动词,后面直接加宾语,不需要使用介词 to。 2. 【答案】time 改为 times 【试题解析】本句中的 time 表示“次数” ,是一个可数名词,前面有 several 修饰,说明使用复数形式。 3. 【答案】understanding 改为 understand 【试题解析】本句中的 it 是一个形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不定式结构 to understand why?.;不定式 结构中 to 后面要接动词原形。 4. 【答案】have 改为 has 【试题解析】本句的主语是单个的动名词短语 the early morning barking,做主语时,谓语动词要使用单数 形式。 5. 【答案】beside 改为 beside 【试题解析】介词 beside 以为“在?旁边” ;本句中的 besides 是一个副词“而且” ,单独使用,表示递进 关系。 6. 【答案】bark 后面的 a 改为 an 【试题解析】名词 average 是以元音开始的单词,所以使用 an 修饰 average of?。 7. 【答案】starts 改为 started 【试题解析】本句叙述的是具体早晨发生的事情,也就是过去所发生的事情,所以使用一般过去时 started。 8. 【答案】closely 改为 close 【试题解析】 本句 how close the houses are 中的 close 本应该是在系动词 are 的后面, 构成系表结构 are close。 Closely 是一个副词,副词通常不能和许系动词连用构成系表结构的。 9. 【答案】our 改为 your 【试题解析】句义:我们很欣赏你的歉意。根据后面的 you 可知对方是来道歉的。 10. 【答案】figure 后面加 out 【试题解析】固定搭配 figure out 找到,算出。我们希望你能够找到一个解决问题的好方法。 三(2014 陕西卷) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌系的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线( ) ,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My father took me out camping for the first time when I was seven. He wanted teach me about animals, insects and trees. My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting.
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One evening at sunset, we sat by the fire, have our barbecue. Just then a bird was flying over us. My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird. Neither of the arrows hit the target. Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky — they were looked like rain! We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured. That day I didn’t learn much about animals, insects or trees, but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity! 1.【答案】wanted 后面加 to 【试题解析】固定搭配 want to do sth 想要做某事;to 是不能省略的,不定式 to do sth 作为 want 的宾语。 2. 【答案】come 改为 came 【试题解析】根据本文第一句可知讲述的是过去发生的事情,所以使用一般过去时,所以使用 came。 3. 【答案】have 改为 having 【试题解析】本句中动词 have 与句子主语 we 构成逻辑上的主动关系,所以使用现在分词在句中做状语。 4. 【答案】immediate 改为 immediately 【试题解析】本句中应该使用副词 immeately 来修饰谓语动词 jumped,在句中做状语。形容词 immediate 不能做状语。 5. 【答案】on 改为 at 【试题解析】固定搭配 shoot..at?不能使用介词 on。At 表示瞄准的对方或者方向。 6. 【答案】Neither 改为 none 【试题解析】代词 neither 表示两者都不?;而本句中没有提及两者,应该是有很多的鸟。故使用 none 表 示三者或者三者以上的全部否定。 7. 【答案】was 改为 were 【试题解析】本句的主语是复数名词 arrows,所以谓语动词使用复数形式 were。 8 【答案】去掉 were 或者 looked 【试题解析】本句是指箭如雨下,要么使用 look like 看起来像..;要么使用 be like?像?一样。 9. 【答案】but 改为 and 【试题解析】我们四处逃跑,很幸运的是没有人受伤。根据上下文语境可知表示并列关系。 10. 【答案】a 改为 an 【试题解析】后面的形容词 impressive 是以元音开始的,所以使用 an。 四(2014 四川卷) Hello, boys and girls! Today, I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go off. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside. Stay close to your teacher and classmate. Don't panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quiet and calmly. Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire. If it's a false alarm and there is no fire, your teacher will lead us back to the classroom. If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt, tell your teacher immediately. 1. 【答案】with 改为 about 【试题解析】固定搭配 talk about something 谈论关于某事。 2. 【答案】go 改为 goes 【试题解析】本句的主语 a fire alarm 为单数,谓语动词使用第三人称单数形式 goes。 3. 【答案】wait 后加 for 【试题解析】此处 wait 为不及物动词,后接宾语时需加上介词 for,构成 wait for?等待?。 4. 【答案】classmate 改为 classmates 【试题解析】此处表达同班同学应为复数形式,因为同伴同学应该有多人,而不会只是一个。 5. 【答案】trying 改为 try 【试题解析】 此处为祈使句, 因为连词 and 连接的是两个同样性质的内容, 前面是一个祈使句 Don't panic or get out of line,后面也应该是一个祈使句。故使用 try,而不是 trying。 6. 【答案】calm 改为 calmly
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【试题解析】此句 remain 为系动词,后接形容词作表语构成系表结构。 7. 【答案】a 改为 the 【试题解析】当文章中第二次提到前面的某一名词时,需使用 the 表示特指。 8. 【答案】us 改为 you 【试题解析】根据句子的主语 your teacher 可知你的老师会带你们回教室。 9. 【答案】去掉 when 【试题解析】根据句意,如果你注意到有人失踪或受伤??,可知此处是 that 引导的宾语从句表陈述,故 when 多余。 10. 【答案】and 改为 or 【试题解析】根据句意“有人不见或者受伤”可知 Or 表示的是选择的关系。 五(2014 新课标 I) 假段定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处 加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 1. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Nearly five years before ,and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes (圣女 果)in our back garden, since then---for all these year---we had been allowing tomatoes to self seed where they please . As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors .Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problem. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at on cost! 1. 【答案】before 改为 ago 【试题解析】一段时间和 before 连用的时候常常和完成时连用。一段时间和 age 连用,常常和过去时连用。 句义:大约 5 年前,在父亲的帮助下,妹妹和我种了一些圣女果。 2. 【答案】by 改为 of 【试题解析】考察固定搭配 with the help of?在?的帮助下。 3. 【答案】year 改为 years 【试题解析】本句前面的形容词 these 常常修饰可数名词复数形式,所以使用名词 years。 4. 【答案】had 改为 have 【试题解析】本句的时间状语是 all these years,通常和现在完成进行时连用。所以使用 have been doing 的 形式。 5. 【答案】As 后面加 a 【试题解析】考察固定搭配 as a result 结果是;句义:结果,圣女果长得到处都是。 6. 【答案】somewhere 改为 everywhere 【试题解析】根据上下文可知我们让圣女果自己繁殖,所以到处长得都是圣女果。 7. 【答案】taste 改为 tasty 【试题解析】本句中的形容词 juicy 和 tasty 都是形容词和前面的 small 一样都和系动词 are 构成系表结构。 这些水果很小,但是多汁而且味道很好。 8. 【答案】much 改为 many 【试题解析】本句中的 many 指代可数名词 cherry tomatoes 的复数形式,所以不能使用 much 修饰。 9. 【答案】but 改为 yet 或者去掉 but 【试题解析】连词 although 不能和 but 连用,因为这两个词都是连词,不能一起连用。可以把 but 改为副 词 yet。
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10. 【答案】wonderfully 改为形容词 wonderful 【试题解析】本句中使用形容词 wonderful 做定语来修饰后面的名词 tomatoes。 六(2014 浙江卷 ) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I was taking a train to London’s Victoria Station. I had noticed that the carriage was noise and filled with people. Before long, a train inspector comes to check out tickets. A passenger realized he couldn’t find his ticket but became quite upset. Then everyone in the carriage began searching the ticket, which was eventually found under a seat several rows from his owner. The person who found a ticket smiled with pleasure at his success. No one in the carriage had previous spoken to or even noticed the ticket-owner before. Yet, they had so quickly offered the strangers their help. If we could show concern to others on need, the world would be a better place to live in. 1.去掉 had 本文叙述的是过去发生的一件事情,不需要使用过去完成时,因为过去完成时表示的是过去 的过去的事情。句意:我注意到车厢里很吵闹都是人。 2.noise 改为 noisy 本句中应该使用形容词 noisy 和系动词 was 构成系表结构,修饰车里当时的情况。同时 noisy 与后面的形容词短语 filled with?构成并列关系。 3.comes 改为 came 因为本文讲述的是过去发生的事情,所以使用一般过去时的时态。列车员过来检票。 4.but 改为 and 句意:一位乘客找不到自己的票,很难受。上下文之间是顺接关系,所以使用 and。But 表 示上下文之间的转折关系。 5.searching 后面加 for 根据句意可知每个人都帮助他找票。固定搭配 search for sth 寻找 sth; 6.his 改为 its/the 句意:这张票最终是在它的主人几排后面的座位下面被找到的。Its 指代 the ticket。 7.a 改为 the 使用定冠词 the 特指上文提及的同一事物,本文中特指前面提及的那张票。 8.previoes 改为 previously 本句中应该使用副词 previously 作状语,修饰谓语动词。形容词 previous 通常作 为定语或者表语,不能做状语。 9.strangers 改为 stranger 句意:他们如此迅速地给与陌生人他们的帮助。本句中的陌生人就是指那张票的 主人,是一个单数形式。 10.on 改为 in 固定搭配 in need 需要。句意:如果我们向那些需要帮助的人表示关心,这个世界就会变得 更美好。

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