必修四 课文 Unit 1 Women of achievement It is 3: 45 am and the sun is just _______ (rising) over Gombe National Park in East African. __________ (follow) Jane’s way of studying chimps, our group a
re all going to visit them in the forest. Jane ___________ (study) these families of chimps for many years and helped people understand how much they behave _____ humans. Watching a family of chimps wake up _____ (be) our first activity of the day. This means going back to the place ______ we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before. Everybody sits and waits in the shade of the trees while the family begins to wake up and move off. Then we follow _____ they wander into the forest. Most of the time, chimps either feed ____ clean each other as a way of showing love in their family. Jane warns us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty ____ the afternoon and she is right. _______, the evening makes ______ all worthwhile. We watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree. Then we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night. We realize ______ the bond between members of a chimp family is as strong as in human family. Nobody before Jane fully understood chimp behavior. She spent years _______ (observe) and recording their daily activities. Since her childhood she had wanted to work with animals in their own environment. However, this was not easy. When she first arrived in Gombe in 1960, it was ________ (usual) for a woman to live in the forest. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months ____ (be) she allowed to begin her project. Her work changed the way people think ______ chimps. For example, one important thing she ________ (discover) was chimps hunt and eat meat. _______ then everyone had thought chimps ate only fruit and nuts. She _________ (actual) observed chimps as a group _______ (hunt) a money and then eating it . She also discovered ______ chimps communicate with each other, and her study of their body language helped her work out their social system. For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about ______ (make) the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. She has argued that wild animals should be left in the wild and not used for ________ (entertain) or advertisements. She has helped to set ______ special places ______ they can live safely. She is leading a busy life ______ she says: “ Once I stop, it all comes crowding ______ and I remember the chimps in laboratories. It’s terrible. It affects me _____ I watch the wild chimps. I say to _____, “Aren’t they lucky?” And then I think about small chimps in cages ______ they have done nothing wrong. Once you have seen that you can never forget……” She has achieved everything she wanted to do: working with animals in their own environment, ________ (gain) a doctor’s degree and showing that women can live in the forest as men can . She inspires those _____ want to cheer the achievements of women. Unit 1 1. 翟志刚在太空的巨大成就让他赢得了全中国人民的尊重。 Zhai Zhigang’s _______________ in space has earned him the _____ of all the Chinese people. 2. 他不需要很多钱，并且很乐于过着简单的生活。 He doesn’t need much money and is happy to _________________. 3. 四代同堂是中国一个值得骄傲的传统习俗。 It is a ___________________ in China to have four generations living under one roof. 4. 社会，包括公司和组织，应该在帮助老人方面扮演积极的角色。 The society, including companies and ___________, should_________________ helping the old. 5. 老师在讲台前不用看就可以知道哪个学生表现不好。 __________ looking up from her desk, the teacher knew which student was ___________________. 6. 如果我们一定要按时完成的话，我们就必须坚持工作。 We must ____________________ if we are to finish on time. 7. 不要仅仅因为他在一次考试中失败就瞧不起这个人。
Don’t ___________________ a person only because he failed an examination. 8. 当我离开超市的时候，我碰巧遇见了我的老朋友。 I ___________ my friend _______________ when I was leaving the supermarket. 9. 老师的话促使我比以前更努力学习。 My teacher’s words ________ me to study harder _________________. Unit 2 Working the Land A Pioneer For All People _________ he is one of China’s most famous scientists, Yuan Longping considers _________ a farmer, for he works the land to do his research. Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like those of millions of Chinese farmers, for _______ he has struggled for the past five decades. Dr Yuan Longping grows ______ is called super hybrid rice. In 1974，he became the first _________ (agriculture) pioneer in the world _________ (produce) one-third more of the crop in the same field. Now more than 60% the rice produced in China each year is from this hybrid strain. Born into a poor farmer’s family in 1930, Dr Yuan graduated ______ Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. Since then, _________ (find) ways to grow more rice has been his life goal. As a young man, he saw the great need _________ increasing the rice output. At that time, hunger was a _________ (disturb) problem in many parts of the countryside. Dr Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests _________ expanding the area of the fields. In 1950, Chinese farmers could produce only fifty million tons of rice. In a recent harvest, _________, nearly two hundred million tons of rice was produced. These _________ (increase) harvests mean that 22% of the world’s people are fed from just 7% of the farmland in China. Dr Yuan is now circulating his knowledge in India, Vietnam and many other _________ developed countries to increase their rice harvests. Thanks _________ his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world _________ hunger. _________ (use) his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice as large as before. Dr Yuan is quite _________ (satisfy) with his life. However, he doesn’t care about _________ (be) famous. He feels _________gives him less freedom to do his research. He would much _________ keep time for his hobbies. He enjoys _________ (listen) to violin music, playing mah-jong, swimming and reading. _________ (spend) money on himself or leading a comfortable life also means very little to him. Indeed, he believes that a person ______ too much money has more rather than fewer troubles. He therefore gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research in agriculture. Just dreaming for things, however, ______ (cost) nothing. Long ago Dr Yuan had a dream about rice plants as tall as sorghum. Each ear of rice was as big as an ear of corn and each grain of rice was as huge as peanut. Dr Yuan awoke from his dream with the hope of producing a kind of rice _________ could feed more people. Now, many years later, Dr Yuan had another dream: _________ (export) his rice so that it can be grown around the globe. One dream is not always enough, _________ (especial) for a person _________ loves and cares for his people. Unit 2 1. 袁博士对生活很满意, 并不在乎出名。 Dr Yuan __________________ his life and doesn’t care about being famous. 2. 我们的校长很希望能扩大学校的规模。 Our principal wishes to ______ the size of our school. 3. 多亏了每一个人的辛勤努力，表演取得了巨大的成功。 _________________ everyone’s hard work, the performance was ____________. 4. 吉姆悄悄溜进房间，没有打扰父母。 Jim slipped into the room without ___________ his parents. 5. 我宁愿为理想奋斗，不愿意放弃而他日后悔。 I would rather ______________ my dream ________ give it up and regret it later in my life. 6．在阅览室朗读是一种坏习惯。 Reading aloud in the reading room is_____________.
7. 美国总统来华访问，希望改善两国之间的关系。 The president of the USA _____________ to China ___ the hope of improving the relationship ______ the two countries. 8. 正是那个司机的粗心导致了这场车祸。 It was the driver’s carelessness that _______ the car accident. 9. 科学家们把精力集中在保持大气清洁和免受污染上。 The scientists ______________ keeping the atmosphere clean and ___________ pollution. 10. 在经历了多年的奋斗之后，他们建立起了自己的公司并变得富有。 After many years of ________, they were able to _____________ their business and become rich. Unit 3 A taste of English humour As Victor Hogo once said,” Laughter is the sun _____ drives winter from the human face”, and up to now nobody has been able to do this better _________ Charlie Chaplin. He _________ (bright) the lives of Americans and British through two world wars and the hard years in between. He made people laugh _________ a time when they felt depressed, so they could feel more content _________ their lives. _________ that Charlie’s own life was easy! He was born in a poor family in 1989. His parents were both poor music hall performers. You may find _________ astonishing that Charlie was taught to sing as ______ as he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk. Such training was common _______ acting families at this time, especially _____ the family income was often uncertain. ___________ (fortune) his father died, _________ (leave) the family even _______ (bad) off, so Charlie spent his childhood looking one of the most popular child actors in England. He could mime and act the fool ______ (do) ordinary everyday tasks. No one was ever bored watching him-his subtle acting made everything __________ (entertain). ______ time went by, he began making films. He grew more and more popular as his charming character, the little tramp, became known _________ the world. The tramp, a poor, _______ (home) man with a moustache, wore large trousers, worn-out shoes and _____ small round black hat. He walked around stiffly _______ (carry) a walking stick. This character was a social _______ (fail) but was loved for his optimism and __________(determine) to overcome all difficulties. He was the underdog ______ was kind even when others were unkind to him. How did the little tramp make a sad situation entertaining? Here is an example from one of his most famous films, 《The Gold Rush》.It is the mid-nineteenth century and gold has just been discovered in California. Like so many others, the little tramp and his friend ___________ (rush) there in search of gold, but without success.______ they are hiding in a small hut on the edge of a mountain during a snowstorm ________ nothing to eat. They are _____ hungry that they try boiling a pair of leather shoes for their dinner. Charlie first picks ______ the laces and eats them as if they were spaghetti. Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as ____ it were the finest steak. Finally he tries cutting and chewing the bottom of the shoe. He eats each mouthful with great enjoyment. The acting is so ___________ (convince) that ______ makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! Charlie Chaplin wrote, directed and produced the films he ______ (star) in. In 1972 he was given ____ special Oscar for his outstanding work in films. He lived in England and the USA but spent his last years in Switzerland, ______ he was buried in 1977. He _______ (love) and remembered as a great actor ______ could inspire people with great confidence. Unit 3 1. 到目前为止，我对居住在广州感到非常满意。 ___________, I __________ content with living in Beijing. 2. 过去他们很贫困，根本谈不上度假。 In the past, they were _________________________ afford a holiday. 3. 在老师的帮助下，我终于克服了困难。 I was able to ______________________ with the help of my teacher.
4. 汶川地震发生后，地震灾区(the earthquake-stricken area)的交通、电力和通讯完全中断了。 After the Wenchuan earthquake, transportation, _________, and communication in the earthquake-stricken area __________________________. 5. 他是一个很有趣的男孩，经常用他的笑话带给我们许多欢乐。 He is a very funny boy and often ______________________ his jokes. 6. 他去找加油站看是否能买到汽油。( in search of ) He went off____________________ a gas station ________ he could buy some petrol. 7. 我对一切记忆犹新，好像是昨天发生的。 I remember everything ________ it happened yesterday. 8. 据报道，10,000 吨含有三聚氰胺(melamine)的三鹿婴幼儿奶粉已被销毁。 It is reported that 10,000 tons of Sanlu baby milk powder ________ melamine have ___________. 9. 许多北京残奥会的故事非常感人，很多人都感动得流泪。 Stories from the Beijing Paralympics were so moving that many people ____________________. Unit 4 Body Language Yesterday, another student and I, ___________(represent) our university’s students association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year’s ___________ (internation) students. They were coming to study at Beijing University. We would take them first to their dormitories and then to the student canteen. ________ half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive. I saw several young people enter the waiting area _______ (look) around curiously. I stood for a minute watching them and then went to greet them. The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely ________ (follow) by Julia Smith from British. After I met them and then introduced them to each other, I was very surprised. Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her _____ the check! She stepped back _______ (appear) surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence. I guessed that there was probably _____ major misunderstanding. Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling, together_____George Cook from Canada. As they were introduced , George reached his hand out to the Japanese student. Just ____ that moment, however, Akira bowed so his nose touched George’s moving hand. They both apologized-_______ cultural mistake! Ahmed Aziz , another international student, was from Jordon. ______ we met yesterday ,he moved very close to me _____ I introduced myself. I moved back a bit, but he came ________ (close) to ask a question and then shook my hand. When Darlene Coulon from France came dashing through the door, _____ recognized Tony Garcia’s smiling face. They shook hands and then kissed each other twice on each cheek, _______ that is the French custom when adults meet people they know. Ahmed Aziz , _____ the contrary, simply nodded at the girls. Men from Middle Eastern and other Muslim countries will often stand quite close to other men to talk but will usually not touch women. As I get to know more international friends , I learn more about this cultural “body language”. Not all cultures greet each other the same way, ______ are they comfortable in the same way _____ touching or distance between people. In the same way that people communicate with spoken language, they also express their feelings using _______ (speak) “ language” through physical distance, actions or posture. English people, for example, do not usually stand very close to other or touch strangers as _____ as they meet. However, people from places like Spain, Italy of South American countries approach others closely and are more _____ (like) to touch them. Most people around the world now greet each other ____ shaking hands, but some cultures use other greetings as well , such as the Japanese , _____ prefer to bow. These actions are not good ____ bad , but are simply ways in _____ cultures have developed. I have seen, however, that cultural customs for body language are very general – not all members of a culture behave in the same way . In general, _____, studying international customs can certainly help avoid _________ (difficult) in today’s world of culture crossroads! Unit 4
1. 一般而言，你在学习一门新的语言的时候总避免不了要犯错误。 _____________, you cannot _______________ when you learn a new language. 2. 不是所有的人都痴迷足球，也不是很多人都对篮球感兴趣。 Not all people __________________ football, _____ are many interested in basketball. 3 . 在政府和人民的帮助下，汶川地区最终定能重建家园。(It is likely that …) With the help of the people and the government, ________________Wenchuan will eventually recover. 4. 去年暑假我去了乡村度假。与村民们在一起我感到非常地自在，也非常满意那里的生活。 I spent my holiday in the countryside last summer. I _____________ with the village people and was content with my life there. 5. 历史上，中国人民总是英勇保卫家乡，抵抗外国侵略者。(defend… against) _________, the Chinese people always _______ their villages, towns and cities ______ the foreign invaders. 6. 树叶变黄，意味着秋天来临。 （approach） When the tree leaves __________ yellow, we know that autumn _______________. 10. 她们又说又笑地走进了教室。 （-ing 做状语） ____________________, they came into the classroom. Unit 5 Theme parks Which theme park would you like to visit? There are _______ (vary) kinds of theme parks, with a different park for almost everything: food , culture, science, cartoons, movies or history. Some parks are famous for ______ (have) the biggest or longest roller coasters, others ______ showing the famous sight and sounds of a culture. Whichever and whatever you like , there is a theme park for you! The theme park you are probably most familiar ______ is Disneyland. It can ______ (find) in several parts of the world. It will bring you into a magical world and make _____ dreams come true, whether travelling through space, visiting a pirate ship or _______ (meet)your favorite fairy tale or Disney cartoon character. _____ you wander around the fantasy amusement park, you may see Snow White of Mickey Mouse in a parade or on the street. Of course Disneyland also has many _______ (excite) rides, from giant swinging ships _____ terrifying free-fall drops. With all these attractions, no wonder tourism __________(increase) wherever these is a Disneyland. ______you want to have fun and more than fun, come to Disneyland! Dollywood, in the beautiful Smoky Mountains in the southeastern USA , is one of the most unique theme parks in the world. Dollywood shows and celebrates America’s traditional southeastern culture. _______ Dollywood has rides, the park’s main attraction is _____ culture. Famous country music groups perform there all year in indoor and outdoor theatres. People come from all over America to see carpenters and other craftsmen make wood , glass and iron objects in the old-fashioned way. Visit the candy shop to try the same kind of candy _____ American southerners made 150 years ago, or take ____ ride on the only steam-engine train still working in the southeast USA. You can even see beautiful bald eagles in the world’s largest bald eagle preserve. And for those _____ like rides, Dollywood has one of the best old wooden roller coasters, Thunderhead. It is world-famous for having the most ______ (long) in the smaller space. Come to Dollywood to have fun learning all about Amerca’s historical southeastern culture! If you want to experience the ancient days and great deeds of English knights and ladies, princes and queens, then England’s Camelot Park is the place _____ you. Every area of the park is modeled after life in the days of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In one place, you can watch magic shows with Merlin the Wizard. If you want to see fighting with swords or on horseback, then the jousting area is a good place _______ (visit). If you do well there, King Arthur may choose you to fight _____ the big jousting tournament. Do you like animals? Then visit the farm area, and learn how people in ancient England ran their farms and took care _____ their animals. To enter a world of fantasy about ancient England, come to Camelot Park! Unit 5
1．我喜欢在森林里漫步和亲近自然的感觉。 I love the feeling of walking in the forest and __________________________. 2．法国以其精美的食品和葡葡萄酒驰名。 France ____________________ its fine food and wine. 3．你应该提前定火车票，这样你就可以节省一些钱。 You should book the train ticket ________________, so you can save some money. 4．学校为学生提供了许多现代化的教学设施。 The school provides a lot of modern teaching facilities ___________ its students. 5．不论发生什么事情，我将永远都不会放弃。 (No matter…) _______________________________, I will never give up. 6．他因为迟到向老师道歉，老师一句话没说就接受了他的道歉。 He made _________________ to the teacher for being late and the teacher accepted it without saying a word. 7．莎士比亚不仅是个有名的剧作家也是个非常优秀的演员。 ______________________ Shakespeare a famous playwright, but he was also an excellent actor. 8．难怪这个主题公园这么受到大家的欢迎，它模拟的是古代中国的生活场景。 This theme park ______________ the living scenes in ancient China， it is no wonder that it is popular ____ everybody. so 9. 通过战胜众多挑战，他应该能重新活跃并且懂得开始享受生活。 By overcoming a variety of challenges, he was to ___________ again and begin enjoying himself.
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