What is happiness? 什么是幸福？ Happiness is our highest well-being. It is peace and gentleness and lightheartedness. It is being th ankful for all the little special things which happen around us
and to us every day. To be happy is t o be able to get a perspective when things look dark and you start to lose hope. Happiness is look ing for the gifts, which are always there, even when they seem hidden. 幸福是我们的最高福祉。幸福是一种平和，柔顺和无忧无虑的状态。幸福是对每天发生在我 们周围或者我们身上的那些小小的善行心存感激。 幸福是在事情变得糟糕的时候， 在你将要 绝望的时候仍然能够看到希望。 幸福其实就是寻找上天赐予我们的礼物的过程， 虽然你可能 看不见这些礼物，但它们其实就在那里。
Everybody is eager to happiness, feelings of well-being of everyone. Happiness is sometimes abstract and sometimes very specific. Well-being sometimes distant, sometimes close at hand. Dedication is the well-being, given the well-being, access to the well-being and enjoy the blessings of happiness ... ... of the words is a well-being, an understanding of the expression is the well-being of the soul ... ... is the feeling of happiness, happiness is a life experience ... ... 人人都在渴望幸福，人人 都在感受幸福。幸福有时很抽象，有时很具体。幸福有时很遥远，有时近在咫尺。奉献是幸 福，给予是幸福，获得是幸福，享受是幸福……一句祝福的话语是幸福，一个理解的眼神是 幸福……幸福是心灵的感觉，幸福是生命的体验… Happiness lies not in the mere possession of money ; it lies in the joy of achievement , in the thrill of creative effort .(Franklin Roosevelt , American president ) 幸福不在于拥有金钱，而在于获得 成就时的喜悦以及产生创造力的激情。(美国总统 罗斯福. )！ Many people think that when they become rich and successful,happiness will naturally follow.Let me tell you that nothing is further from the truth.The world is full of very rich people who are as miserable as if they were living in hell.We have read stories about movie stars who committed sui cide or died from drugs.Quite clearly, money is not the only answer to all problems.Wealth obtain ed through dishonest means does not bring happiness.Lottery winnings do not bring happiness.G amble winnings do not bring happiness. 许多人认为当他们富有，取得成功时，幸福自然就会随之而来。我告诉你:事实并非如此。 世界上有很多富人，但是他们却很痛苦，犹如生活在地狱中。我们都读过影星自杀或死于吸 毒的故事。显而易见，钱不是解决所有问题的答案。通过不正当手段获得的财富并不能带来 幸福。抽到奖券也不会带来幸福；赌博也不会带给你幸福。 One of the most infamous findings in happiness research is that money doesn’t buy a lot of happi ness – or at least not as much as we think it should. According to the economist Richard Easterlin,
part of the reason for this is that we care a great deal more about what other people earn than what we do ourselves. 幸福研究领域的最著名发现之一是，很多幸福是金钱买不来的，或者至少不像我们想象 的那么多。经济学家理查德?伊斯特林(Richard Easterlin)表示，部分原因在于，我们对于别人 收入的关心程度，要远远超出对我们自己收入的关心。 For those whose most basic needs are already met, money buys additional happiness only if it ca n lead to higher status in society, which is hard when everyone else is also getting richer over tim e. Since people’s comparison group varies from place to place, those living in more affluent areas of London, for example, would probably need to earn at least ?200k a year to ensure that they ar e staying well ahead of most other Londoners – and even that might not be enough. 对于那些最基本需求已得到满足的人而言，只有当金钱可以带来更高的社会地位时，才 会意味着更多幸福。要做到这一点很难，因为其他人也逐渐变得更为富有。不同地区的人们 的对比群组不同，举例而言，那些生活在伦敦较富裕地区的人，每年或许得挣至少 20 万英 镑，才能确保自己的处境远远强于多数其他伦敦人——即使是这样的收入或许都不够。 Moreover, according to the Princeton University psychologist Daniel Kahneman, the weak relatio nship between happiness and income can also be explained, in part, by the evidence that richer p eople tend to spend more time engaging in activities associated with no greater happiness, on av erage, but with slightly higher tension and stress – such as work, childcare and shopping. By contr ast, people with lower incomes tend to spend more time engaging in happiness-rich experiences such as socialising with friends and other passive leisure activities such as resting and watching T V. 此外，普林斯顿大学(Princeton University)心理学家丹尼尔?卡纳曼(Daniel Kahneman)表示， 之所以说幸福与收入的关系较为松散，一定程度上是因为有证据表明，一般而言，更富有的 人往往用更多时间从事不会带来更大幸福感的活动， 这些活动的紧张及压力程度略高——例 如工作、育儿和购物。相比之下，收入较低的人往往把更多时间花在幸福感十足的事情上， 例如与朋友社交，以及休息和看电视等其它被动的娱乐活动。 As we all know, love is the crux of a happy life. Love helps us stay calm and serene even when thi ngs are tough. It can carry us through the hard times. Love looks for ways to be of service. Love is enjoying the surprises of life and being totally delighted with what life gives you. Love is the key t o happiness and it is a real blessing to others. 众所周知，爱是幸福生活的关键所在。爱帮助我们在时事艰难的时候保持沉着，平静的心 态。它能帮我们度过苦难的时光。爱会自己寻找助人的途径。爱是享受生命中的诸多惊喜， 爱是完全满足于生活的给予。爱是幸福生活的钥匙，爱是对他人真挚的祝福。 When you are immersed in the table hard hours, the mother brought a glass of milk Shannon will love are melting in this steaming milk. I felt, well-being of mother love. When Mom and Dad happy to watch their sons and daughters around the side of their play. You feel it? How happy they are, enjoy the children's family. When the elderly gratifying to watch their sons and daughters married, they laughed gratifying for their old age. 当你正在桌上埋头苦学时，母亲送来一杯香浓的牛奶，将母
爱都融在这热气腾腾的牛奶中。我感受到了，母爱的幸福。当爸爸妈妈开心的看着自己的儿 女围在他们的身边嬉戏。你感受到了吗?他们多么幸福，享受着孩子们的天伦之乐。当老人 欣慰的看着自己的儿女成家立业，他们欣慰的笑了，安享晚年。 The pursuit of happiness do not deliberately, when you inadvertently, happiness will come to you quietly. However, the well-being but also a pair of long wings, and you will pass anytime, anywhere. Therefore, we must grasp the well-being, even if it remained a second or more! 幸福不用刻意追求，在你不经意的时 候， 幸福就会悄然降临在你身上。 但幸福同时也长着一双翅膀， 随时随地都会与你擦肩而过。 所以，我们要把握幸福，即使它多停留一秒钟也好!
Happiness and neurological diseases.
Happiness is an emotional state reflecting positive feelings and satisfaction with life, which, as an outcome in disease states or as an end point in clinical trials, is a neglected concept in most therapeutic areas. In neurological disease, happiness is important as it can be diminished either as a direct result of damage to neuronal tissue or as a reaction to a poor prognosis. The monitoring and maintenance of happiness and wellbeing have historically been considered to be peripheral to medicine. However, as happiness interacts with the patient's physical health, it is an important parameter to assess alongside all aspects of any given disease. Happiness provides a reliable overview of the patient's general status over and above standard parameters for quality of life, and is more wide-ranging than the narrow measures of disease activity or treatment efficacy that are the focus of most clinical trials. In many studies, happiness has been associated with health and success in most areas of life, including performance at work, sporting achievement and social functioning. For approximately a decade, previously studied aspects of psychology have been grouped under the label of positive psychology (PoP). Principles of this discipline are now being used to guide some treatments in neurological and psychiatric diseases. PoP aims to define patient wellbeing in scientific terms and to increase understanding of happiness, meaning in life, resilience and character strengths, as well as to determine how this knowledge can be applied clinically to promote health. Some evidence has emerged recently suggesting that improvements in patient status can result from interventions to improve the patient's level of happiness in diseases, including epilepsy, Huntington's disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and stroke. Several effective approaches to increase happiness employ activities to engage and stimulate patients who might otherwise be unoccupied and isolated. In addition, specific interventions to increase happiness developed by PoP clinicians have demonstrated efficacy and validity. Several measurement scales now exist that reliably measure happiness as a
long-term state, rather than as a fluctuating condition resulting from prevailing mood. These enable the use of happiness as an end point in clinical trials. As happiness becomes increasingly accepted as an important consideration in neurological disease, it is likely to be monitored more extensively, with measures to raise happiness levels being taken as an effective means of improving patient outcomes.
Gruber June,Mauss Iris B,Tamir Maya. A Dark Side of Happiness? How, When, and Why Happiness Is Not Always Good.[J]. Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science,2011,63:.
Happiness is generally considered a source of good outcomes. Research has highlighted the ways in which happiness facilitates the pursuit of important goals, contributes to vital social bonds, broadens people's scope of attention, and increases well-being and psychological health. However, is happiness always a good thing? This review suggests that the pursuit and experience of happiness might sometimes lead to negative outcomes. We focus on four questions regarding this purported "dark side" of happiness. First, is there a wrong degree of happiness? Second, is there a wrong time for happiness? Third, are there wrong ways to pursue happiness? Fourth, are there wrong types of happiness? Cumulatively, these lines of research suggest that although happiness is often highly beneficial, it may not be beneficial at every level, in every context, for every reason, and in every variety.
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