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(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 八 名词性从句课堂达标训练


名词性从句

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015·高考安徽卷改编)A ship in harbor is safe,but that’s not ____________ ships are built for. 解析:句意:船停放在海港里是很安全的,但这并非是建造船的目的。that’s 后跟从 句作表语,表语从句中的 for 后缺少宾语,故填 what。 答案:what 2.(2015·高考北京卷改编)I truly believe ____________ beauty comes from within. 解析:句意:我很相信美丽源自于内心! 本题考查宾语从句。从句部分不缺少任何成 分,故填 that。 答案:that 3.(2015·高考福建卷改编)—I wonder ____________ Mary has kept her figure after all these years. —By working out every day. 解析:句意:——我好奇玛丽这些年是怎么保持体形的。——通过每天锻炼。根据句式 结构可知谓语动词 wonder 后接宾语从句。 句子是用表示方式的介词 by 回答的, 所以是针对 方式提问的,故填 how。 答案:how 4.(2015·高考湖南卷改编)You have to know ________ you’re going if you are to plan the best way of getting there. 解析: 句意: 如果你要计划去那里的最佳方案你必须知道你将要去哪里。 根据分析可知: You have to know...后面是一个宾语从句。根据句意可知,此处应填 where 引导宾语从句, where 在从句中作地点状语。 答案:where 5.(2015·高考江苏卷改编) ____________ Li Bai,a great Chinese poet,was born is known to the public,but some won’t accept it. 解析:句意:中国的大诗人李白的出生地众所周知,但有些人还不认可。分析句子结构 可知,有些人对李白的出生地存在质疑,故填 where 引导主语从句。 答案:Where 6.(2015·高考湖北卷改编)____________ she says will not make any difference to our arrangements. 答案:Whatever 7.(2015·高考浙江卷改编)If you swim in a river or lake,be sure to investigate ____________ is below the water surface.Often there are rocks or branches hidden in the water. 解析:句意:如果你在河里或者湖里游泳,一定要弄清楚水面下有什么。经常有岩石或 者树枝藏在水里。分析句子结构可知,此处 investigate 后接了宾语从句,从句缺少主语, 故用 what 引导。 答案:what 8.(2015·高考重庆卷改编)We must find out ________ Karl is coming,so we can book a room for him.

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解析:句意:我们必须查明卡尔什么时候会来,这样我们就能为他预订房间了。预订房 间当然与卡尔来的时间息息相关,因此填 when。 答案:when 9.Since the baby milk powder was found to be polluted,there has been universal doubt ____________ other food products are safe to eat. 解析: 句意: 自从发生婴儿奶粉被污染以后, 人们对其他食品是否能安全食用表示怀疑。 根据句意以及 doubt 可知,设空处应用 whether 引导同位语从句。 答案:whether 10.His speech is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out ____________ he is trying to express. 解析: 句意: 他的演讲是如此令人费解, 以至于很难弄清楚他在试图表达什么。 make out 后接宾语从句,从句中缺少 express 的宾语,故填 what。 答案:what Ⅱ.语篇填空(用适当的连接词填空) I am going to tell you an unbelievable thing 1.____________ happened in my restaurant today. This afternoon a poorly?dressed gentleman came into my restaurant.Nobody knew 2.____________ he was.We wondered 3.____________ he was so hungry.We were surprised that he finished two orders of food in a very limited time.We doubted 4.____________ the man was able to pay the bill.The gentleman asked 5.____________ we would mind waiting for just a few minutes.Then we were shocked to see 6.____________ he took out of an envelope — a million pound bank note. I asked Mr.Clements 7.____________ it was genuine.Mr.Clements said it was true because two of this amount had been issued by the Bank of England this year.He thought 8.____________ the gentleman showed them couldn’t be a fake. 9.____________ a gentleman with a million pound note was in rags and ate in our small restaurant was a big puzzle to all the people there.I really couldn’t describe 10.____________ excited I was. 答案:1.that/which 2.who 3.why 4.whether/ if 5.whether/ if 6.that 7.whether/ if 8.what 9.Why 10.how

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