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高中英语 完形填空 专项训练 03


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完形填空专项训练 03 A Most parents, I suppose, have had the experience of reading a bedtime story they must have realized how difficult it is to write a 目标) too 3 seems to be talking to the readers. The best children’s books are 6 fact few books like this, 8 11 5 very difficult nor very simple, and satisfy(令人满意的) the 7 it. Unfortunately(不幸的是), there are in 9 to solve. This who hears the story and the adult(成年人) who 10 12 2 1 their children. And 4 the story children’s book. Either the author has aimed (定

, so that children can’t follow what is in his ( or more often, her ) story,

the problem of finding the right bedtime story is not

may be why many of the books regarded as Children, left for themselves, often in a bookshop or a 13

of children’s literature(文学) were in fact written for the worst possible interest in literature. Just leave a child

“Alice in Wonderland” is perhaps the most obvious(明显)of this. and he will more willingly choose the books written in an unimaginative (并非

想象的 ) way, or have a look at the most children’s comics(连环图书), full of the stories and jokes which are the rejections of teachers and righting-thinking parents. Perhaps we parents should stop 14 to brainwash(洗脑)children into accepting(接受)our taste 15 that we parents should not expect that they will D. around D. good D. difficult D. so D. very D. teacher D. reads D. because D. fast D. works D. children D. add D. library D. preferring D. common B Mrs. Ball had a son. His name was Mick. She 1 him very much and as he was not a 2 child, she was always 3 that he might be ill, 4 she used to take him to see the best 5 in the town four times a year to be looked 6 . During one of these 7 the doctor gave Mick all kinds of tests and then said to him, “Have you had any 8 with your nose or ears recently?” Mick 9 for a second and then answered, “Yes, I 10 .” Mrs. Ball was very 11 . “But I’m sure you have 12 told me that, Mick!” She said worriedly. “Oh, really?” Said the doctor 14 . “And what trouble have you with your nose and ears, my boy?” “Well,” answered Mick, “I always have trouble with them when I’m 14 my sweater off, because the 15 is very tight.” in literature. After all, children and adults are so 1. A. to B. in 2. A. short B. long 3. A. easy B. short 4. A. and B. but 5. A. both B. neither 6. A. child B. father 7. A. hears B. buys 8. A. but B. however 9. A. hard B. easy 10.A. articles B. work 11. A. grown-ups B. girls 12. A. are B. show 13. A. school B. home 14. A. going B. liking 15. A. same B. friendly C. with C. bad C. high C. or C. either C. mother C. understands C. so C. enough C. arts C. boys C. find C. office C. trying C. different

enjoy the same books. So I suppose we’ll just have to compromise(妥协)over the bedtime story.

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1. A. loved 2. A. rich 3. A. afraid 4. A. which 5. A. player 6. A. round 7. A. talks 8. A. answer 9. A. waited 10. A. did 11. A. excited 12. A. already 13. A. angrily 14. A. turning 15. A. collar

B. hated B. clever B. surprised B. for B. teacher B. over B. years B. thing B. thought B. will B. interested B. just B. seriously B. taking B. nose

C. missed C. strong C. glad C. but C. doctor C. for C. visits C. word C. stood C. have C. pleased C. never C. happily C. keeping C. mouth

D. cared D. happy D. sure D. so D. lawyer D. after D. stays D. trouble D. looked D. do D. surprised D. always D. carefully D. putting D. ear

C The computer plays an important part in our everyday life. It is one of the great __1__ in the world in the __2__ century. It works for us not only at home, in the offices, in big shops, __3__ at schools. Today it is used __4__ many ways. It really __5__ the world large wealth (财富) and happiness. The first computer in the world was __6__ Enid. It was built in America in 1946. It was __7__ and heavy. __8__ it was born, it has been developing very fast. Until now it has gone __9__ four periods(时期, 阶段)and changed a lot. There’re many kinds of computers. Computers are getting smaller and smaller and computing faster and faster. It becomes more and more __10__. The computer can do most of the things __11__ the people. It can help us to __12__ about the real world more quickly, to learn __13__ we want to learn and to think __14__ ourselves. __15__ a student in the twenty-first century, you must work hard at it. 1. A. inventions B. discoveries C. robots D. inventors 2. A. twenty-first B. twenties C. twelfth D. twentieth 3. A. also B. but also C. too D. either 4. A. in B. to C. by D. over 5. A. takes B. helps C. gets D. brings 6. A. found B. invented C. called D. bought 7. A. easy B. small C. large D. light 8. A. For B. Until C. When D. Since 9. A. by B. across C. through D. against 10.A. serious B. harmful. C. dangerous D. helpful 11.A. for B. to C. at D. with 12.A. set B. tell C. know D. talk 13.A. what B. that C. which D. who 14.A. of B. about C. out D. for 15.A. For B. Be C. As D. To

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D You may think there is only sand in the desert of the world, __1__ it is not true. In the desert, as we know, there is a little __2__, but it is not __3__ for most plants. Still we can see some plants __4__ in the desert. There is __5__ in some places in the desert. We __6__ these places oases. In the oases, there are villages and towns. People grow __7__ kinds of crops in the fields there. People __8__ live outside the oases. They have camels, sheep and other animals. These animals depend __9__ the desert plants for their food and do not need __10__ water. The __11__ are useful to the desert people in many ways. They eat the meat and drink the milk of the animals. They use the camels for carrying water, food, tents and something else. The people of the desert have to keep moving from place to place. They must always look 12 grass or desert plants for their animals. When there is no more food for their animals, they move to __13__ place. The desert people are __14__. No man in the desert would ever refuse __15__ the people in trouble and give them food and water. 1. A. and B. but C. or D. so 2. A. rain B. rains C. wind D. winds 3. A. good B. good enough C. enough good D. enough 4. A. live B. to live C. lives D. lived 5. A. stones B. plants C. wood D. water 6. A. say B. tell C. call D. find 7. A. every B. all C. a D. one 8. A. also B. too C. either D. still 9. A. with B. in C. on D. by 10. A. a littleB. few C. much D. any 11. A. water B. plants C. crops D. animals 12. A. at B. for C. up D. after 13. A. other B. the other C. the others D. another 14. A. well B. friend C. friendly D. carefully 15. A. help B. helps C. helping D. to help E Once upon a time, a rich man wanted to make a trip (旅行) to another town. He tried not only to take things to sell but also to take money to 1 things with. He 2 to take ten servants with him. They would 3 the things to sell and the food to 4 on their trip. Before they started, a little boy ran up to 5 and asked to 6 with them. The rich man said to the little boy, “Well, 7 may go with us. 8 you are the smallest, the thinnest and the weakest of all my 9 , you can’t carry a 10 load (担子). You must 11 the lightest one to carry.” The boy thanked his master and chose the biggest load to carry. That was bread. “You are 12 .” said his master, “That is the biggest and the heaviest one.” The boy said 13 and lifted the load gladly. On the trip they walked for days and at last they got to the town. All the servants were tired 14 the little servant. Do you know 15 ? Most of the bread was eaten during the trip and a little was left when they arrived at the town. 1. A. eat B. buy C. change D. get 2. A. decided B. liked C. hoped D. tried 3. A. take B. bring C. carry D. borrow 4. A. cook B. eat C. buy D. drink
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B. the servants C. the road D. the rich man B. stay C. go D. talk B. he C. I D. they B. If C. Because D. But B. guests C. servants D. things B. light C. small D. difficult B. choose C. pick up D. understand B. right C. clever D. foolish B. nothing C. angrily D. good-bye B. of C. except D. with B. him C. that D. why F Peter’s job was to examine cars when they crossed the frontier to make sure that they were not smuggling anything into the country. Every evening he would see a factory worker coming __1__ the hill towards the frontier, __2__ a bike with a pile of goods of old straw on it. When the bike __3__ the frontier, Peter would stop the man and __4__ him take the straw off and untie it. Then he would examine the straw very __5__ to see __6__ he could find anything, after which he would look in all the man’s pockets __7__ he let him tie the straw again. The man would then put it on his bike and go off down the hill with it. Although Peter was always __8__ to find gold or other valuable things __9__ in the straw, he never found __10__. He was sure the man was __11__ something, but he was not __12__ to think out what it could be. Then one evening, after he had looked __13__ the straw and emptied the worker’s pockets __14__ usual, he __15__ to him, “Listen, I know you are smuggling things __16__ this frontier. Won’t you tell me what it is? I’m an old man, and today’s my last day on the __17__. Tomorrow I’m going to __18__. I promise I shall not tell __19__ if you tell me what you’ve been smuggling.” The worker did not say anything for __20__. Then he smiled, turned to Peter and said quietly, “Bikes.” 1. A. towards B. down C. to D. up 2. A. filling B. pulling C. pushing D. carrying 3. A. arrived B. appeared C. came D. reached 4. A. ask B. order C. make D. call 5. A. carefully B. quickly C. silently D. horribly 6. A. that B. where C. how D. whether 7. A. before B. after C. first D. so 8. A. lucky B. hoping C. thinking D. wondering 9. A. had been B. hidden C. hiding D. have been 10. A. nothing B. something C. everything D. anything 11. A. taking B. smuggling C. stealing D. pushing 12. A. possible B. strong C. able D. clever 13. A. through B. thoroughly C. upon D. up 14. A. like B. more C. then D. as 15. A. told B. cried C. ordered D. said 16. A. cross B. past C. across D. into 17. A. thing B. work C. job D. duty 18. A. rest B. back C. retire D. retreat 19. A. everyone B. anyone C. no one D. someone 20. A. moment B. long time C. sometime D. some time

5. A. them 6. A. stop 7. A. you 8. A. Since 9. A. family 10. A. heavy 11. A. eat 12. A. brave 13. A. sorry 14. A. besides 15. A. who

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完形填空专项训练 03 参考答案: A 名师点评 本文说明了写一本供孩子读的好书并非一件容易的事,并且告诫家长不要一味强迫孩子接受大人 的观点,因为孩子和大人在兴趣方面不尽相同。本文具有一定的教育意义,有助于改变家长一些错误 的观点。 答案简析 1. C。read to somebody 意为“读给某人听”,to 后面接动作的对象。 2. D。根据下文可知,存在的困难在于如何把孩子们的书写好。故选 good。 3. C。书中的内容让孩子们无法理解,说明作者的目标定得高。故选 high。 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. C。与前文 either 对应,这里应用 or. “either…or” 意义为“要么……要么……”。 B。与下半句的 nor 对应,这里应用 neither。 “ neither…nor…” 意为“既不……也不……”。 A。satisfy 的宾语除了读故事的成年人以外,当然就是听故事的孩子。故选 child。 D。孩子听的故事越来越少,家长把讲故事当成读故事。故选 reads。 C。前后两句形成因果关系,所以应用 so 引导结果状语从句。 B。上文讲好书越来越少,说明去发现好书并非是容易的事。故选 easy。

10. B。名词 works 意为“作品”。 11. A。根据后面所举的例子以及文意,现在被认为是孩子们读的作品,实际上是为成年人所写的。 故选 grown-ups。 12. A。show interest in something 意为“对……感兴趣”。 13. B。孩子 14. D.选书的地点一般是书店或是图书馆。故选 library。 15. C。try to do something 意为“想法设法做某事”,符合当今社会实际情况,为正确选项。 16. C。家长不要期望孩子门会接纳他们的观点,因为两者大不相同。故选择 different。 B 名师点评 深爱儿子的鲍尔夫人一直为儿子的健康忧虑,常带他去医院看病,甚至被儿子脱毛衣引起眼睛和 鼻子的不适而虚惊一场。 答案简析 1.A。根据下文鲍尔夫人常带儿子去看病可见她非常爱儿子,故选择 loved。 2.C。鲍尔夫人担心儿子会有病,常带他医院,说明 Nick 没有强壮的体魄,故选择 Strong。 3.A。上文讲到鲍尔夫人爱儿子,那么儿子的健康状况应让做妈妈的担心才对,而不是惊奇或快乐, 故选择 afraid。 4.D。两分句从意思上看,应为因果关系,因此应用 so 引导这个结果状语从句。 5.C。生病了当然是去看医生,再根据下文意思,应选择 doctor。 6.B。look over 为固定词组,意为“检查”。 7. C 8.D。have trouble with sth 意为“在某方面有麻烦”为一习惯用语。 9.B。医生问了一个问题,他要作出回答,因此得思考一会儿,故选择 thought。 10.C。医生的问题用了现在完成时态,对之作出的回答也应用现在完成时,即:Yes ,I have。
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11.D。深爱儿子的妈妈第一次听说儿子鼻子、眼睛有问题应感到惊讶,故选择 surprised。 12.C。妈妈感到惊讶是因为她从未听儿子提到过这回事,故应选 never。 13.B。医生对自己经常检查的病人,出现新的病情应作为严肃的事情来处理,故应选 seriously。 14.B。take a sweater off 意为“脱去毛线衣”。 15.A。穿毛衣时衣领子挤压眼、鼻引起疼痛,故应选 collar。 C 名师点评 本文介绍了电脑的产生、发展以及在我们日常生活中广泛的使用,针对一些人对将来电脑会控制 人类的担忧,作者提出了自己的看法。 答案简析 1. A。one of 后要用可数名词的复数形式,根据文章意思,可知答案是 A。 2. D。要表达第几个世纪,应该用“序数词+century”,而根据常识,计算机是二十世纪的产物,A 项 “二十一世纪”与实际不符合。 3. B。固定搭配 not only…but (also)… 意思是“不但……而且……”。所以答案是 B。 4. A。in many ways 为一固定用法,表示“在许多方面”。 5. D。根据文章大意,可知答案是 D,表示“给人们带来财富和快乐”。 6. C。因为 Enid 是名字,故用 called。 7. C。根据常识可知老式计算机庞大而笨重,故填 large。 8. D。该句句意为“自它诞生之日起,它的发展就非常迅速”,since 在意思和时态上与主句呼应,为 正确选项。 9. C。动词短语 go through 表示“经历……”。 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. D。 A。用介词 for+宾语表示“为人们做事”,故选 A。 C。know about 表示“了解”,侧重于有关某人或某事的具体情况。 A。learn 后面接的是一个宾语从句,而且连接词在从句中做 learn 的宾语,所以只能用 what, D。think of 表示“想起;认为”;think about 表示“考虑”;think out 表示“想出”;根据文章含义, C。介词 as 表示“作为”,为正确选项。

因为 that 在宾语从句中是纯连词,只能起连接作用,不能做句子成分。 答案应是 D。 D 名师点评 本文讲述了人类是如何利用沙漠中的绿洲、动物,并依靠自身的努力而得以在沙漠中种植庄稼, 从而生存下来。说明人定胜天的道理。 答案简析 1. B。空白部分两句构成转折关系,故选择并列连词 but。 2. A。沙漠中风多雨少,rain 一词为不可数名词,故应选 rain。 3. D。这里讲沙漠中的一点点雨水,并不能满足大多数植物生长的需要,故选择 enough。 4. A。see sb. do sth.意为“看见某人做某事”,这里应用省去 to 的动词不定式。 5. D。沙漠之所以出现绿洲的根本原因是有了水,故选 water。 6. C。call 在这里意为“将……称为……”为正确选项。 7. B。every, a 和 one 后面都应该接可数名词单数,不能放在 kinds 前面。all kinds of 意为“各种各样 的” 。
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8. A。表示“也”时,too 一般放在肯定句末,either 放在否定句末,also 放在句中,在此为正确选项, 而 still 不合题意。 9. C。固定说法 depend on 意为“依靠”、“凭借”。 10. C。一些动物能在沙漠中生存下来,说明了他们适应了这里雨水稀少的气候,不像其他动物那样需 要太多的水,故选择 much。 11. D。通读本段不难发现,本段承上文接着讲述动物的用途,故选 animals。 12. B。固定说法 look for 意思为“寻找”。 13. D。other 后接可数名词时应用复数形式;the other 后接可数名词单数时表示两者中的另一个,不 合文意。 14. C。根据下文沙漠里的人从不会拒绝帮助别人,说明他们彼此友好。 15. D。固定搭配 refuse to do sth.意为“拒绝干某事”。

E 名师点评 本文讲述了一个聪明的小男孩的故事。他要求加入一位富人的旅行,在得到同意后 选择担子时, 看似愚蠢地选择了最大、最重的担子。而这恰恰就是他的聪明之处,因为他所挑的面包在途中是被边 走边吃的,到达目的地时已所剩无几。阅读这故选 foolish。篇文章时要注意句子的整体理解,如第 8、 9、10 这三题。 答案简析 1. B。这位富人不仅带了东西去卖,而且带钱去“买”东西。解这道题时要注意将句中 and 前后的内容 进行比较。 2. A。根据他的想法,他“决定”要带十个仆人。这件事完全可以由他自己决定,所以没有必要 “希望 带……”或“努力带……”,故 C、D 不合题意。 3. C。carry 在句中意为“携带、运送”;take 意为“带走”;bring 意为“带来”。本句意为“他们将运送要 卖的东西和在路上要吃的食物”。下文的第 10、11 两题所在的句子也有提示。 4. B。参照第 3 题。 5. D。一个小男孩来找这位富人,要求和他们一起走,故选 the rich man。 6. C。参照第 5 题。 7. A。富人同意小男孩随行。 8. D。此句和上文是转折关系,意为“但是你是我的仆人中最小的、最瘦的、最弱的一个,你不能挑重 担”,故选 but。 9. C。参照第 8 题。 10. A。参照第 8 题。 11. B。此句意为“你要选择挑最轻的担子”,“pick up”意为“捡起”,不合文意,故选 choose。 12. D。主人看到这个小仆人选择了最重的担子,感到他很“愚蠢”,故选 foolish。 。 13. B。听了主人的话,小男孩“什么也没说”,而是高兴地挑起了担 子。 14. C。由于小男孩的聪明,“除了”他自己,其他仆人都累坏了。 15. D。Do you know why? 用在文章最后用来引出原因,告诉读者其中的奥妙。 F 名师点评
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这篇完型填空讲述了身为边防检查员的彼得明知一个工厂工人在走私货物却无法抓住对方的把 柄。在退休的前一天,彼得恳请其说出真相,结果令彼得恍然大悟。 答案简析 1.D。根据下文这个工人越过边界后,走下山坡,所以到达边界之前应在朝山上走。故选 up。 2.C。这名工人是在推着一辆装有稻草的自行车,故选动词 pushing。 3.D。这里表达的是到达边界之意 arrive, come 为不及物动词不可直接接 the frontier,故选 reached。 4.C。ask 与 order 后接不定式的复合结构时,动词前应有 to, make 后接不定式的复合结构时,动词前 to 要省去。根据下文应选 make。 5.A。彼得想发现这个工人在走私什么,所以应仔细地检查。故选 carefully。 6.D。这里根据文意,应选择表示“是否”之意的 whether 作宾语从句的引导词。 7.A。根据常理,彼得应先检查这个工人的口袋才能让他捆起稻草走人,故选 before。 8.B.根据文意,彼得心中一直怀着查获走私物品的希望,故选 hoping。 9. B。 这里 things 和 hide 之间是被动关系,现在分词 hiding 作定语时表示主动, 所以应用过去分词 hidden 作后置定语表被动。 10.D。本句中否定词 never 及文意决定了这里应选 anything。 11.B。四个选项从语法上讲都可以,只能从文意上进行区分,smuggling 意为“走私”,是正确选项。 12.C。固定结构 be able to do sth. 意为“能够干某事”。 13.A。习惯用语 look through 意为“彻底检查”。 14.D。“as usual”为固定短语,意为“象平常一样”。 15.D。tell, order 后面应直接接人作宾语表示告诉某人和命令某人,而用 say 应为 say to sb. 故 said 为正确选项。 16.C.这里应选择一个介词构成介词短语在句中做状语。介词 past 表“经过”; across 强调“从一边 到另一边”;而 into 表示“进入到……里面”。 根据文意 across 应为正确选项。 17.C。“on the job”为一常用短语。意为“执行公务”。 18.C。因为今天是彼得最后一天上班说明明天他就要退休 retire。 19.B。根据句中否定词 not 及文意应选 anyone。 20.D。本句说明这个工人回答彼得的问题之前沉默了一会儿。A 选项应用 a moment; C 选项表示 某一点时间; D 选项表示一段时间或一会儿,为正确选项。

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