当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 高中英语及物动词及不及物动词用法及区别

高中英语及物动词及不及物动词用法及区别


Revision 1.无论你去哪里,请与我保持联系。 wherever keep in touch with me. _______ you go, ________________ 2. It was home after the experiment. A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn

’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go

3. It was the exam results were known a lot of time on computer games. A. not until; did the boy begin to regret having wasted B. until; that the boy began to regret to have wasted C. not until; that the boy began to regret wasting D. until; did the boy begin to regret to waste 4. It was not until dark he found he thought was the correct way to solve the problem. A. that; what B. that; that C. when; what D. when; that

5. The easily computer system is unsafe from hackers. A. access to B. access C. accessibly D. accessed 6. There are plenty of jobs ___ in the western part of the country. A present B available C precious D convenient

7. 这次经历对我非常有益。 benefit to me. The experience was of ____________ 8.健康饮食和定期锻炼对我们健康有益,人们也 会收益于这种生活方式。 Eating healthy food and exercising regularly benefit ____________our health and benefit from the lifestyle. people______________ 9. 他迟迟不告诉她这个消息,在等待适当的机 会。 delayed telling her the news,________ waiting for He ________________ the right moment.

10. 我怀疑他取胜的可能性。 sceptical/ skeptical about his I am ________________________ chances of winning. 11. 车窗被揺上,他们一路开来。 with the car windows They drove along _____ ________ wound up.

M7U1

Grammar and usage
Transitive verbs and intransitive verbs 及物动词和不及物动词

What is the difference of ―begin‖ in the two sentences?
Class begins! Today I’ll begin our lesson with a question.

Learning aims:
We will
? Learn about the differences between Vt. and Vi. ? Learn how to use them. ? Focus on some testing points about them. 1)Vt. or Vi.选择

2)动词语态的选择
3)从句引导词/关系词的选择

4)省略句中的应用

一、及物动词

Task 1 Self – learning (课本P8)

Task 2 1. I can answer this question. 2. The headmaster came back from Beijing. 3. How times flies! 4. Who called me Xiao Wang? 5. Last week John bought his son a new bicycle. 6. Every morning we hear him read English aloud.

8. The school made it a rule that the students should stand up when class begins. 9. No women could read or write in the old days. 10. We made Liu Guang our monitor. 11. The dictionary belongs to the student in red.

Task 1

Discuss the forms of verbs and their usage in pairs. 1. To everyone’s surprise, he contributed $5,000 to a local charity._____ Vt. +______ O(宾)
2. On my birthday she gave me a mobile phone as a gift. O (直宾) _____ O (间宾) +_______ Vt. +______ 3. This will soon make DVDS things of the past. Vt. +______+________ O (宾) Oc (宾补) _____

4. More challenges lie ahead of me. S + _______ Vi. 5. Many different people contributed to the development of TV. S + ______+______+ Vi. Prep. O

该句型中的谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才 能表达完整的意思。一个是表示人的间接 宾语; 一个是表示物的直接宾语。间宾在前, 直宾在后。如:

Tom left Mary a message.
汤姆给玛丽留下了口信。

This will save you much time.
这将为您节约大量的时间。

有时直接宾语和间接宾语可以对调, 这时, 间接宾语前应加上介词to, for或of。

1. sb+vt+sth+to+sb。如: He offered a job to her.
他向她提供了一份工作。

I owe my success to you.
我的成功要归功于您。

※归纳: 间接宾语前要用to的常用动词有:

give, tell, lend, sell, teach, send, write,

show, return, bring, pass, leave, offer,
hand等。

2. sb+vt+ sth+for+sb。如:
他为他们俩点了一些食物。 He ordered some food for the two of them. 妈妈给小女孩做了条美丽的裙子 Mother made a nice dress for the little girl. 。

归纳:
间接宾语前加介词for的动词有:buy, choose, get, make, order, sing, do, play, save等。

3. sb+vt+sb+of+sth。如: 他们抢了老人的钱。 They robbed the old man of his money.
他警告我注意危险。

He’s warned me of the danger.

归纳:
直接宾语前加介词 of 的动词有:cure, convince, inform, rob, rid, warn。

即时练习:请用“主+vt+双宾语”的句型翻译下 列句子。 1. 我想为他挑选一份合适的礼物。 2. 太阳给了我们光和热。 3. Mr Smith教我们数学。 4. 那个老人给我们指路。(show) 5. 医生治好了他的病。(cure) 6. Tom使Mary相信了他的诚实。(convince)

即时练习:请用“主+vt+双宾语”的句型翻 译下列句子。

1. 我想为他挑选一份合适的礼物。(choose) 1. I want to choose a suitable present for him. 2. 太阳给了我们光和热。(give) 2. The sun gives us light and warmth.

3. Mr Smith教我们数学。(teach)

3. Mr Smith teaches us math.
4. 那个老人给我们指路。 (show) 4. The old man showed us the way.

5. 医生治好了他的病。(cure) 5. The doctor has cured him of his disease. 6. Tom使Mary相信了他的诚实。 (convince) 6. Tom convinced Mary of his honesty.

主语 + 谓语 +宾语 + 宾补

本句型中的动词虽然是及物动词,但是只 跟宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个 补充成分,如形容词、名词、动词不定式、 分词来补充说明宾语,才能表达一个完整的意 思。宾语和宾语补足语在意义有一种逻辑上 的主谓关系,即宾语与宾语补足语在“意义上” 是一种主谓关系。如:

1). 主语+及物动词+宾语+名词。如:
总裁任命约翰为营销部经理

President appointed John manager of Marketing. 。
常用于此句型的动词有:call, name,

make, elect, appoint, think, consider, leave等。

2). 主语+及物动词+宾语+形容词。 如: 那消息使我很高兴。 The news made me happy.

3). 主语+及物动词+宾语+介词短语。如: 我发现自己还蒙在鼓里。 I found myself in the dark. 4). 主语+及物动词+宾语+不定式。如: 他鼓励她努力工作。 He encouraged her to work harder.

要求用to do作宾补的动词有: advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, choose, encourage, expect, force, get, invite, order, persuade, request, tell, want, warn, wish等。 他总是要别人等他。 He always gets others to wait for him.

要求用do(不带to的不定式)作宾补 的动词有: 使役动词let, make, have等;

感官动词observe, feel, hear, listen to,

look at, notice, see, watch等。

【注意】
若变为被动语态, 其后的宾语补足语就成 为主语补足语了, 此时作主语补足语的不定式 要带to。如: The boss made him work overtime.(主动 语态)

He was made to work overtime.(被动语态)
老板叫他加班。

5). 主语+及物动词+宾语+分词。如: 洗手之后不要听任水白流。 Don’t leave the water running after you have washed your hands. 我听到有人叫我的名字。 I heard my name called.

6). 主语 + 谓语 + it + 宾补 + 真正宾语。如: ⑴我觉得与你家人相处令人愉快。

I found it very pleasant to be with your family.

⑵她认为练习这么多没有意义。 She thinks it no point practicing so much. ⑶他相信她不可能同意。 He believed it unlikely that she would agree.

即时练习:请用“主+vt+补足语”的句 型翻译下列句子。 1 . 我们选李阳做班长。( elect ) 2. 这新闻使我伤心。(make) 3.他鼓励他努力工作。(encourage) 4. 老板叫他加班。(make被动语态)

1. 我们选李阳做班长。 We elected Li Yang our monitor. 2. 这新闻使我伤心。 The news made me sad.

3. 他鼓励他努力工作。 He encouraged him to work harder. 4.老板叫他加班。 He was made to work overtime by his boss.

Task 2
宾语 1. 及物动词后必须接_________ ,可以有三种构成形式: (1) ____________________ Vt. + O(宾)

Discuss the differences between vt. and vi. in groups.

Vt. + O (间宾) + O (直宾) (2) _____________________ Vt. + O (宾) + Oc (宾补) (3) ______________________
不可接 宾语,如后接名词或代词必须在不 2. 不及物动词________ 及物动词后接___________. 介词

3. 大多数及物动词有__________ 语态,而不及物动词则 被动 没有被动语态 _____________.
及物动词 不及物动词 4. 有些动词既是_______________, 又是_______________, 需根据具体语境判断.

Task3: 及物动词语态的选择

不及物动词 及物动词 有被动语态,___________ ●大多数__________ 则没有被动,但有些及物动词不能用于被动语态:

缺少 拥有 容纳 1.表“——————‖————————‖,―——
—‖概念时(possess, hold, lack):
Eg: He is good at his job but he seems to lack confidence. fit, suit 合适 2.表“_________‖ 的及物动词,如____ _____ Eg: If we met at 2 o’clock, would that suit you? I can’t find clothes to fit me.

3. 当表示“相互作用”时,如equal, mean, resemble(看起来像) Eg. No one equals him in intelligence. The tow boys resemble each other in appearance. get, catch, take 4.表“明白”时,如 ____________ Eg. The boy said, “I didn’t catch the last two words. ”

will be held 1.The sports meeting ____________(hold) next week.
2. The new football stadium can ______(hold) eighty thousand people. hold

不及物动词(intransitive verbs)
不及物动词指本身意义完整后不须跟宾语的实义 动词,若要跟宾语,必须在其后添加某个介词然后 再跟宾语。 (1) 主语+谓语(vi)
(1) My watch stopped. (2) She spoke at the meeting yesterday. (3) More challenges lie ahead of me. (4) The water rose higher and higher ,as a result, more than 1,000 people had to leave their homes.

(2) 主语+谓语(vi)+介词+宾语
I listened, but could hear nothing. Everybody listened to the lecture with great interest.

不及物动词没有被动语态
The palace caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building_____now. A. remains B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remained

二、不及物动词 不及物动词(transitive verbs)
主语本身的品质或性能 表示 _________________,主动表被动。

sell, wash, write, cut, open, lock, cook, shut, read, clean … 1) The cloth washes well. 2) The pen writes smoothly. 3) The door locks tightly.
well, badly, easily, smoothly 等副 常与__________________________ 词连用。

兼作及物动词和不及物动词
Shall I begin at once? She began working as a librarian after she left school. When did they leave Beijing? They left last week. She’s studying medicine. She studies hard. She’s typing a letter. She’s typing.

意 义 相 同

Don’t move my things. The train is moving now.

She couldn’t stand the cold. Don’t stand in the rain. Wash your hands before meals. Does this cloth wash well.

意 义 不 同

三、 及物不及物均可
answer / answer for 回答;对…负责,保证 benefit / benefit from 使…受益;从…获益 adjust / adjust to 调整/节;适应,习惯 attend / attend to 出席,参加;注意,照料,处理 check / check into / check out 检查,核查;

登记入住;办理退房、查实

believe / believe in 相信;信赖,相信…的存在 call / call on 喊,称呼,打电话;恭请,请求 pay/pay for 付钱;花钱买,付代价

四、 Vt. or Vi.选择
Testing 1 句义和句子结构的要求 Read aloud Part A on P.9. and then decide whether the underlined verbs are Vt. or Vi

Testing point 2: 语态的选择

offer me a 1. Who can be possibly kind enough to _________ bowl of water?( provide/ supply/offer) allow me to chat online, because 2. My mother didn’t _______ she was very busy then. (allow/ forbid) raised to make himself heard. 3. The teach had his voice ______ (rise/ raise) arriving at the hotel, they called their parents. 4. On _________ (arrive/ reach)
5. If you arrive early, you can ________ seat yourself casually. (seat/ sit)
4. This kind of cloth _________well, and I usually have it washes _______ washedevery week. (wash)

Testing point 3: 从句引导词/关系词的选择 Discuss the following in groups. 1. This is the very village where _____ I spent my childhood. 2. Do you still remember the holiday (which / that) __________ we spent in that village? what we read 3. It is thinking that makes ______ ours. 思考能把我们所读的变成自己的东西。 where the key 4. Talent and intelligence is not _____ to higher grades only lies.
解题思路:从句类型---- 从句所缺成分--- 词义辨析

Testing point 4: 省略句中的应用 1. —Would you like to see the film with me? —Yes, I’d very much like __________. A. to B. to see C. × D. see 2. --- I usually do my homework at the last minute. ---Actually, I would rather _______. A. not to B. not to do C. not D. not do

Practice

Discuss the following in pairs.
Right or wrong: 1.When was did the accident occurred? occur W

2.His novel sells well so that most of the novels R have been sold out. 3.We should try our best to serve for people. W people 4.The fresh air will benefit you from you. W

5.Her parents wanted to marry her to a rich man but she wanted to marry with her classmate. W her classmate

True or false: 1. a. We study every day. b. Do you study English every day. 2. a. Please write clearly next time. b. Can you write your composition now? 3. a. The children are listening music. b. The children are listening to music. 4. a. She is laughing the crippled man. b. She is laughing at the crippled man. 5. Who will answer to this question? 6. We have many buyers awaiting for available units here. 7. World leaders spent a lot of time discussing about worsening economic problems. 8. I spent a whole day locked in my study yesterday. 9. The door won’t be locked.

Discuss the following in groups:

1.What is it that __________ interests her so much? (interest)
2.It is your ability ,rather than where you are from, matters that _________.(matter) 3.There is a picture __________ hanging on the wall. (hang)

4. That is just ________ where we disagree. (where/ what)
5. However ________ you dress, I like you best. however) dress (whatever/

vt. 给…穿衣服 dress sb./ oneself vi. 穿衣服

Summary
1.Differences between Vt. and Vi.

2.Testing points:
1)Vt. or Vi.选择

2)动词语态的选择
3)从句引导词/关系词的选择 4)省略句中的应用

It appears that whether the verb is Vt. or Vi. is not important , but lots of difficult grammar knowledge is based on it, such as clauses, non-predicate verbs or sense and voice.

Task 2
宾语 1. 及物动词后必须接_________ ,可以有三种构成形式: (1) ____________________ Vt. + O(宾)

Discuss the differences between vt. and vi. in groups.

Vt. + O (间宾) + O (直宾) (2) _____________________ Vt. + O (宾) + Oc (宾补) (3) ______________________
不可接 宾语,如后接名词或代词必须在不 2. 不及物动词________ 及物动词后接___________. 介词

3. 大多数及物动词有__________ 语态,而不及物动词则 被动 _____________. 没有 不及物动词 4. 有些动词既是_______________, 又是_______________, 及物动词 需根据具体语境判断.

Homework:
1.Period 5 / 6 (CX); 2.Preview Project.

promise VS

allow

She promised me to attend my wedding.

His mother didn’t allow him to keep in touch with that girl.
promise sb. to do sth. Vt. + O (间宾) + O (直宾)

allow sb. to do sth.
Vt. + O (宾) + Oc (宾补)


更多相关文档:

英语及物和不及物动词等的用法

英语及物不及物动词等的用法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。入门+复习及物动词 transitive verb 英语中按动词后可否直接跟宾语,可以把动词分成两种:及物动词与不及物...

英语中及物与不及物动词的区别

4) 与汉语的比较有时英语动词及物和不及物的用法,与汉语的用法不一样, 请注意下列两种情况: a)有的动词英语里只能用作不及物动词,而汉语则可用作及物...

英语:高中阶段的所有不及物动词

英语:高中阶段的所有不及物动词不及物动词高中阶段的所有不及物动词(人教大纲版)注:小黑体字既是及物动词又是不及物动词 高一 depend operate shrug 高二 高三...

高中及物动词不及物动词汇总

高中及物动词不及物动词汇总_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。初中英语动词 A...用,使用 2.用光,用完 V Value vt 尊重,珍视 W Wait vi 1.等,等候,等待...

及物动词与不及物动词的区别与用法

及物动词不及物动词区别用法_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。及物动词不及物动词 D`A 【1】 从是否需要宾语来分,实义动词又有及物动词不及物动词两...

及物动词与不及物动词的区别与用法

及物动词不及物动词区别用法_初一英语_英语_初中教育_教育专区。及物动词不及物动词 【1】 从是否需要宾语来分,实义动词又有及物动词不及物动词两...

高考英语应该掌握的不及物动词

及物动词区别 及物动词不及物动词区别从是否需要宾语来分, 实义动词...4) 与汉语的比较 有时英语动词的及物和不及物的用法,与汉语的用法不一样,...

及物动词与不及物动词的用法

及物动词不及物动词的用法_六年级英语_英语_小学教育_教育专区。及物动词不及物动词用法及物动词后可以加宾语,不及物动词后不可以加宾语! 如果你想要分得...

初中中考常见的及物动词和不及物动词区分

初中中考常见的及物动词不及物动词区分_初三英语_...meaning 动词使用的建议: 二 动词使用的建议:当使用...下当不及物动词.看下面两个句子有什么区别. A: ...
更多相关标签:
不及物动词的用法 | 不及物动词用法 | 高中常见不及物动词 | 高中不及物动词 | 高中英语不及物动词 | 及物不及物动词区别 | 不及物动词 | 及物动词和不及物动词 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com