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高一英语必修3Unit1阅读课课件1


UNIT 3
Festivals around the world

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Warming up
What kinds of Chinese festivals and foreign festivals do you know?

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9日星期一

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The Spring Festival春节

The Double Ninth Festival 重阳节

The Double Seventh Festival 七夕节

festivals
Tomb Sweeping Day 清明节 The Dragon Boat Festival 端午节 The Lantern Festival元宵节

The Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节

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Valentine’s Day

Easter (Mar--April) Christmas

Halloween

festivals
Mother’s Day Thanksgiving Day

Father’s Day Apirl Fool’s Day

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Words preview celebration n. 庆祝;祝贺 hunter n. 狩猎者;猎人 starve vi. & vt. (使)饿死; 饿得要死 origin n. 起源;由来;起因 religious adj. 宗教上的;虔诚的 ancestor n. 祖先;祖宗 Mexico n. 墨西哥 feast n. 节日;盛宴 bone n. 骨;骨头

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Words preview belief n. 信任;信心;信仰 trick n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 vt. 欺骗;诈骗 poet n. 诗人 arrival n. 到来;到达;到达者 gain vt. 获得;得到 independence n. 独立;自主 independent adj. 独立的;自主的 gather vt. & vi. & n. 搜集;聚集 agriculture n. 农业;农艺;农学
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Words preview agricultural adj. 农业的;农艺的 award n. 奖;奖品 vt. 授予;判定 rooster n. 雄禽;公鸡 admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕 energetic adj. 充满活力的;积极的 Easter n. (耶稣)复活节 clothing n. 衣服 Christian n. 基督徒;信徒 adj. 基督教的;信基督教的 custom n. 习惯;风俗
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Expressions preview
in memory of 纪念;追念 dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰 play a trick on 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 look forward to 期盼;期待;盼望 day and night 日夜;昼夜;整天 as though 好像 have fun with 玩得开心
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reading
Festivals and celebrations

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Skimming to get general ideas

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Reading Tips
在阅读每个段落时,要注意 综合运用略读(skimming)

与扫读(scanning)这两种方法。

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通过略读把握文章大意 略读(skimming)只看文章标题、下标 题以及每个部分或者段落第一行, 关注文 章中反复出现的关键词。 略读时, 要用充足的时间读懂段落的 第一句和第二句, 因为第一句往往是该段 的主题句(topic sentence), 而第二句往往 是对前句的延伸(extension)或进一步的 解释(explanation)。
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通过扫读寻找特定信息或特定词组 运用扫读(scanning)迅速浏览从第三 句开始的后面部分, 搜寻作者对开头两句 的支持句(supporting sentences), 并同时注 意文章中间是否有转折(transition), 因为 这些词常常会把文章的思路逆转或加入其 它重要的信息。当读到段落的最后一句时, 我们又要使用略读, 这时必须再次放慢速 度(slow down your pace)直到完全消化作 者对段落的小结(conclusion), 因为该小结 有可能与主题句截然相反或引导读者进入 下一个段落。
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Skimming

Reading Comprehension I

How many kinds of today’s festivals are mentioned in the passage? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six.

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Scanning to get detail information

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scanning

Reading Comprehension 1 1. Which of the following are not mentioned in the passage? A. Carnival and Columbus Day. B. Halloween and Spring Festivals. C. Thanksgiving Festivals and Obon. D. Valentine’s Day and Fool’s Day. 2. At festivals people can do all the following except _______. A. forget their work for a little while B. enjoy life C. travel around the world D. be proud of their customs
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scanning

Reading Comprehension 2 Fill in the following chart. Kinds of Names of Countries Festivals Festivals Festivals of the Dead Festivals to Honour People Harvest Festivals Spring Festivals
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Festivals

Names of Festivals
Obon Day of the Dead Halloween

Countries
Japan Mexico some Western countries China USA India

Festivals of the Dead

Festivals to Honour People

Dragon Boat Festival Columbus Day festival to honor Gandhi

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Harvest Festivals

harvest/ Thanksgiving festivals mid-autumn festivals Spring Spring Festival Festivals Easter and related holidays Cherry Blossom Festival

European and other countries China and Japan
China some Western countries Japan

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Detailed Reading

Ancient Festivals
Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the ____ weather planting in cold _______, ______ and harvest in _______. Today’s spring autumn festivals have many origins some ______, ________, some seasonal and some religious for special ______ or ______. people events
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Festivals of the Dead
How do Japanese honour their ancestors? They have a festival called Obon, when people should go to clean the graves and light incense to honour their ancestors. They light lamps and play music.
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Obon in Japan
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What do people in Mexico do in memory of the dead? They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead on the Day of the Dead. People eat certain food on that day.

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The Day of the Dead in Mexico
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What do people in Western countries do in memory of the dead? They used to believe in the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children’s festival, when they dress as witches and ghosts and go to their neighbour’s homes to ask for sweets.
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pumpkin head

mask

Halloween in Western countries
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Festivals to Honour People Match the festivals with the proper people.

National Festival The Dragon Boat Columbus on October 2 Festival Day
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India

China

USA

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Harvest Festivals People will ________ on Thanksgiving festivals. 1. decorate churches and town halls 2. get together to have meals 3. win awards for their farm produce

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Compared with Thanksgiving festivals in Western countries, what different activities do China and Japan have in mid-autumn festivals? People admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes.

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Spring Festivals What do people usually do at spring festivals? At spring festivals, people usually have dances, carnivals and other activities to celebrate the end of winter and the coming of spring.
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What does Easter celebrate? It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life.
Do you know the symbols of Easter? Easter eggs and Easter Bunnies.(白兔)

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Do you know the date of Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival? March 15- April 15

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Discussion
Discuss in pairs which festivals you think are the most important and which are the most fun. Then fill in the chart below with your ideas.
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Type of Example Reasons festival of for your festival choice

Most important
Most fun

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Group Work
Work in groups and create your own festival and then report it to the class. Name of the festivals: Date: Meaning: Why it is celebrated: How it is celebrated:
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Retelling
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Retell the text by filling the following blanks.

There are all kinds of festivals and ___________ around the world, which are celebrations held for different reasons. The _______ ancient ________ were mainly held at three times a festivals year. Some festivals are held to ______ the honor dead or satisfy the _________ in case they ancestors might return either to help or to ___ harm do _____, while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as
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_______ Boat Festival and Columbus Day. Dragon _____ ______ Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are gathered happy events because the food is _________ for the winter and the ___________work is agricultural over. And the most _________ and energetic important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming Lunar ______ of spring, such as the ______ New Year, at which people have a very good time. Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals ________. Festivals let us enjoy ____. life
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Ⅵ.Translate the sentences and pay
attention to the Modal Verb(情态动 词). 1.At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months.

在那个时代,如果食物难以 找到,特别是在寒冷的冬月, 人们就会挨饿。
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2.Some festivals are held to honor the dead or to satisfy the ancestors , who might return either to help or to do harm.
有些节日时为了纪念死者,或使祖先 得到满足,因为祖先们有可能回到世 上提供帮助,也有可能带来危害。
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? 3.For the Japanese festival Obon, people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors.
在日本的盂兰盆节,人们要扫墓、烧香, 以缅怀祖先。

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Quiz II Translation 1. At that time people would starve (人们就 _________________ 会挨饿) if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 2. For the Japanese festival Obon, people ______ ______________________(人们要扫墓) should go to clean graves and light incense ____________ (纪念) in memory of their ancestors. 3. At the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may ____ give children lucky money ___________________ (给孩子们压岁钱).
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Quiz III
1. —She looks very happy. She ___ have passed the exam. —I guess so. It’s not difficult after all. (2007 江苏卷)
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A. should

B. could

43

2. —Where is my dictionary? I remember I put it here yesterday. —You ______ it in the wrong place. (2007 江西卷) A. must put B. should have put C. might put D. might have put
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3. 一What does the sign over there

read?
一“No person ________ smoke or

carry a lighted cigarette, cigar
or pipe in this area.” (2007 四川 卷)
2013年8月19日星期一

A. will

B. may

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4. According to the air traffic rules, you _____ switch off your mobile phone boarding. A. may (2008 上海卷) B. can

C. would

D. should

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5. Although this ____ sound like a simple task, great care is needed. (2008 四川卷)

A. must
C. shall
2013年8月19日星期一

B. may
D. should
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6. Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ______ it without you. A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage (2008 山东卷)

D. can have managed
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Homework
1. Read the text again and underline some important phrases and difficult sentences. 2. Write an invitation using the information about the festival you have created.
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Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verbs: dress, put on, wear. 1. She is wearing a gold ring. _______ 2. She hurriedly _______ her son and dressed took him to the kindergarten. put on 3. Remember to _______ your coat. It is cold outside.
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