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【高考专题辅导】2014高考英语(山东专用)专题检测卷(十五) 完形填空 Word版含解析]


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专题检测卷(十五)
完形填空 (建议用时: 40 分钟) A (2013· 大庆模拟) 体裁 记叙文 话题 购物 词数 382 I still remember the summer when I was wit

h my aunt at the age of seven. One day, she asked me to go to Miss Bee’s store wi th a How could I find anything on the I walked up to the counter, 2 shelves around me? 3 up the list, and told the lady 4 to a sign on 1 .

behind it I needed those. “So? Go to get them. ”She

the door. “There’s no one here except you and me and I’m not your servant. 5 yourself a basket and start filling. ” 6 . I searched shelf after shelf and when I finally

The store was a

7 it, I was exhausted and it was already sundown. I visited Miss Bee’s, 8 with my list, twice a week that summer. 9

Sometimes she short-charged me. Other times she overcharged

sold me an old newspaper instead of one that was current. Going to the store was more like going into 10 . Every time I told her that she

had overcharged, she just looked at me

11 her glasses and fixed the

price. The moment I remembered the location of an item, Miss Bee rearranged the shelves and made me summer’s end the shopping trip that had done in 15 minutes. On my last trip to the store, Miss Bee asked: “What did you this summer? ”I pressed my lips together. To my laughed. “I know what you think of me. But I am 15 14 12 for it all over again. By 13 taken me an hour was

, Miss Bee

16 to teach every

child some life lessons. When you grow up you’ll be glad our paths 17 !”Glad I met Miss Bee? I thought it a stupid 18 until one day my daughter came to me with homework troubles. “If I do it for you, how will you ever learn to do it yourself? ”I said. Suddenly, I was back at Miss Bee’s store and realized that she had really taught me my turn to share some 1. A. basket 2. A. broken 3. A. holding C. throwing 4. A. looked 5. A. Get 6. A. circus 7. A. carried B. led B. Prepare B. puzzle B. made 19 . Now it is

20 lessons as Miss Bee did years ago. C. paper-bag C. packed B. showing D. bringing C. pointed C. Purchase C. palace C. collected D. directed D. Enjoy D. shelter D. chose D. list D. locked

B. purse B. fastened

8. A. supported C. attached 9. A. so 10. A. battle C. match 11. A. in 12. A. pay 13. A. at one time C. in no time 14. A. buy 15. A. amusement C. amazement 16. A. anxious 17. A. separated C. crossed 18. A. feeling 19. A. something C. anything 20. A. service B. family B. reply B. willing B. find B. across B. hunt B. or

B. convinced D. armed C. for B. bargain D. discussion C. beyond C. head B. in time D. on time C. lose B. disappointment D. excitement C. serious B. shaped D. returned C. mistake B. nothing D. everything C. life D. work D. idea D. curious D. learn D. over D. wait D. but

【拓展训练】仿写句子。 1. 每次我去那儿, 我都给他买些好看的东西。(every time) _______________________________________________

2. 他一到这个国家就开始了他的探寻工作。(the moment) _______________________________________________ 3. 我们年轻的日子一去不复返了。(when) _______________________________________________ 4. 人们穿着 19 世纪的服装在街上走来走去。 (现在分词短语作方式状 语) _______________________________________________ B (2013· 开封模拟) 体裁 说明文 话题 健康 词数 277 Overweight has been a great concern for many people. In an attempt to keep normal weight, people have 1 tried various methods. Nevertheless, not all the ways are 2 when it 3 the high-protein, 4

comes to health. For weight loss, many people

low-carbohydrate(碳水化合物)diets. However, such diets might have long-term effects on the colon(结肠). The diets can also create certain 5 in the colon that could lead to colon cancer risk. At least it can raise the 6 of the risk. The research has 7

that the diets can help heavy people lose 8 of keeping normal weight.

weight so people would not lose the

9 , any weight-loss plan must include enough amounts of high protein

that might have ill effects on the 10 . The findings are based on seventeen overweight men who 11

three short-term different diets. The result of the study proved that they had 12 levels of some substances that have been the men were 14 13 cancer when

on the high-protein diet. When they were on the

high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet, they had lowered amounts of fiber-originated 15 thought to be protective against 16 . Exactly what those changes might mean for a person’s health is 17 . But the findings suggest that people should be aware of much protein and some fiber over a long period. 19 18

, experts

recommend that adults get about 28 grams of fiber per day—though it’s not known whether that’s enough for someone on a high-protein weight-loss 20 . B. painfully D. easily B. cheap D. beneficial B. come across D. get over B. good D. little B. actions

1. A. successfully C. happily 2. A. helpless C. useless 3. A. make up C. turn to 4. A. harmful C. beneficial 5. A. anxieties

C. changes 6. A. treatment C. process 7. A. asked C. suggested 8. A. courage 9. A. Moreover C. Meanwhile 10. A. brain B. heart B. ability

D. feelings B. function D. possibility B. shown D. examined C. support B. Therefore D. However C. colon B. offered D. discovered B. high C. general B. linked to D. based on B. seldom D. scarcely B. conclusions D. developments B. pollution D. cold B. believable D. unclear D. average D. waist D. sight

11. A. recommended C. followed 12. A. low 13. A. taken from C. held up 14. A. never C. only 15. A. competitions C. compounds 16. A. fever C. cancer 17. A. critical C. sensible

18. A. consuming C. liking 19. A. For sure C. In all 20. A. report C. study 【拓展训练】选词填空。

B. saving D. tasting B. In general D. In short B. examination D. diet

concern; attempt; amount; recommend; create 1. Can’t you make an _________to be nice to your sister? 2. She _________that I try the soup. 3. The destruction of the rainforest is of _________ to us all. 4. Why do you want to ________problems for everyone? 5. I was surprised at the large ________of trash in the streets.

答案解析
【文章大意】作者七岁时的暑假和姑姑在一起。一天姑姑要求作者带 着购物单去 Miss Bee 的商店购物。商店里货架很多, 作者想让 Miss Bee 拿商品, 但 Miss Bee 却告诉他自己取个篮子去装。在最后一次购 物时, Miss Bee 告诉他说她是想教给他一些生活的东西, 直到有一天 女儿来问他作业他才意识到 Miss Bee 的做法是对的。 1.【解析】选 D。考查词语复现。根据下文 I walked up to the counter,

up the list, and told the lady behind it I needed those. 可知。 2.【解析】选 C。考查背景常识。既然去商店购物, 所以货架应该很 多, 故用 packed。packed 塞满的; broken 破碎的; fastened 固定的; locked 锁着的。 3. 【解析】选 A。考查前后照应。由上文 One day, she asked me to go to Miss Bee’s store with a . 可知应该是举起购物单。hold up

举起; show up 出现; throw up 放弃, 呕吐; bring up 抚养。 4.【解析】选 C。考查词义辨析。她指了指门上的牌子。point to 指向; look to 留神; lead to 导致; direct to 指示去。 5.【解析】选 A。考查前后照应。根据后半句 and start filling 可知那 位女士想让作者自己拿篮子。 6.【解析】选 B。考查前后照应。由下文 I searched shelf after shelf and when I finally it, I was exhausted and it was already sundown. 可知作者觉 得这个商店是个谜一般的事物。puzzle 谜一般的事物; circus 马戏团; palace 宫殿; shelter 避难所。 7.【解析】选 B。考查固定搭配。作者一个架子一个架子地寻找所要 购买的东西, 当他最后成功地买齐后, 筋疲力尽, 太阳已经落山了。 make it 成功, 为固定搭配。 8. 【解析】选 D。考查固定搭配。那个夏天作者一周两次带着购物单 光顾 Miss Bee 的商店。 armed with 带着, 其他动词均不能和 with 搭配。 9.【解析】选 B。考查语法结构。前后两个动词为选择关系, 故用 or;

so 表示结果; for 表示原因; but 表示转折。 10.【解析】 选 A。 考查前后照应。 根据上文 Sometimes she short-charged me. Other times she overcharged sold me an old newspaper

instead of one that was current. 可知作者认为去她那儿购物更像打 仗。 11.【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。in 在……里; across 穿过; beyond 超越; over 通过。由后面的 her glasses 可知选 D。 12.【解析】选 B。考查词语复现。根据上文 I searched shelf after shelf and when I finally it, I was exhausted and it was already

sundown. 可知。 hunt for 寻找; pay for 为……付款; head for 动身前往; wait for 等待。 13. 【解析】 选 A。 考查前后照应。 由后面的 in 15 minutes 可知。 at one time 一度; in time 及时; in no time 立刻; on time 准时。 14.【解析】选 D。考查词语复现。由下文 I know what you think of me. But I am to teach every child some life lessons. 中的 teach 可知用 learn。 15. 【解析】选 C。考查前后照应。Miss Bee 问作者学到了什么, 而 作 者 双 唇 紧 闭。她 却 笑 了 , 这 应 该令 人 惊 讶 。 amazement 惊 讶 ; amusement 娱乐; disappointment 失望; excitement 兴奋。 16. 【解析】 选 B。 考查词义辨析。 willing 乐意的; anxious 焦急的; serious 严肃的; curious 好奇的。

17. 【解析】选 C。考查前后照应。由下文 Glad I met Miss Bee? 可知。 cross 相交; separate 分开; shape 成形; return 回来。 18.【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。作者认为这是愚蠢的想法。idea 想法; feeling 感情; reply 回答; mistake 错误。 19. 【解析】选 A。考查前后照应。根据上文“If I do it for you, how will you ever learn to do it yourself? ”I said. 可知作者意识到 Miss Bee 教给 他 一 些 重 要 的 事。 something 重 要的 事 ; nothing 无 关 紧 要 的 事 ; anything 任何东西; everything 所有的事情。 20.【解析】选 C。考查词语复现。根据上文 But I am every child some life lessons. 可知。 【拓展训练】1. Every time I go there, I will buy him something nice. 2. The moment he reached the country, he began his search. 3. The days when we were young are gone. 4. People walk around wearing nineteenth-century clothes. 【文章大意】许多人为减肥绞尽脑汁, 为了减肥食用高蛋白低碳水化 合物的食物, 而研究却发现这些食物可以诱发结肠癌。 1. 【解析】选 B。考查背景常识。从 overweight 到 normal weight 所 用的方法肯定是令人痛苦的, 故用 painfully。 2. 【解析】 选 D。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 由下文 However, such diets might have long-term effects on the colon. 可知并不是所有的方法都有 好处。 to teach

3. 【解析】选 C。考查短语辨析。为了减肥, 许多人都转向高蛋白低 碳水化合物的饮食。turn to 转向, 求助于; make up 组成, 虚构; come across 偶然遇到; get over 克服。 4. 【解析】 选 A。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 由下句 The diets can also create certain in the colon that could lead to colon cancer risk. 可知这些饮 食对结肠从长远来看是有害的。 5. 【解析】 选 C。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 由 that could lead to colon cancer risk 可知这些饮食使结肠发生某些变化。change 变化; anxiety 忧虑; action 行为; feeling 情感。 6. 【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。至少它会增加这种风险的可能性。 possibility 可能性; treatment 治疗; function 功能; process 过程。 7.【解析】选 B。考查词义辨析。句子的主语是 research, 只能使用 show(表明)。ask 问; suggest 建议; examine 检查。 8.【解析】选 A。考查词义辨析。由于这些饮食有助于减肥, 所以人 们就不会失去保持正常体重的勇气。 courage 勇气; ability 能力; support 支持; sight 视力。 9. 【解析】选 D。考查对上下文语境的理解。上句讲这些饮食有助于 减肥 , 下句讲任何减肥的计划必须包括足量的可能对结肠有不好的 影响的高蛋白 , 前后句为转折关系 , 故 D 项正确。 however 然而 ; moreover 而且; therefore 因此; meanwhile 与此同时。 10.【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据上文 However, such

diets might have

long-term effects on the colon. 可知。

11. 【解析】 选 C。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 根据下文 when the men were on the high-protein diet 可知此处指接受这种饮食。follow 接 受, 遵循; recommend 推荐; offer 提供; discover 发现。 12.【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。由后半句 that have been cancer when the men were on the high-protein diet 可知。

13. 【解析】 选 B。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 由上文 The diets can also create certain in the colon that could lead to colon cancer risk.

可知这些物质可以诱发癌症。 be linked to 与……有联系; be taken from 取自; hold up 拦截; be based on 基于。 14. 【解析】选 C。考查词义辨析。only 仅仅; never 从未; seldom 很 少; scarcely 刚, 几乎不, 简直不。 15. 【解析】选 C。考查背景常识。根据常识可知这些饮食应属于化 合 物 。 compound 化 合 物 ; competition 比 赛 ; conclusion 结 论 ; development 发展阶段。 16. 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据上文 The result of the study proved that they had have been cancer when the men were on the high-protein diet. 可知。 levels of some substances that

17. 【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。确实那些变化对人的健康意味着 什么还不清楚。unclear 不清楚的; critical 挑剔的; believable 可信的;

sensible 敏感的。 18. 【解析】选 A。考查词义辨析。这些发现建议人们长时间吃许多 蛋白质和一 些纤维素。consume 消费, 耗尽; save 节省; like 喜欢; taste 品尝。 19. 【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。本句讲专家对减肥的人饮食的建 议, 因此 B 项正确。in general 通常, 一般来说; for sure 无疑; in all 总 共; in short 简言之。 20. 【解析】 选 D。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 根据 adults get about 28 grams of fiber per day 可知。 【拓展训练】1. attempt amount 2. recommended 3. concern 4. create 5.

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