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高一英语外研版必修二module5导学


Book Two

Module 5 Newspapers and Magazines

Section 1 Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary (3 课时) 一、学习目标 1、通过自主阅读课文,能够认识课文中的新单词与词汇。 2、通过自主翻译课文,能够掌握课文中重要句型的结构。 3、通过自主

阅读课文,能够透彻理解课文内容。 二、使用要求 1、书写要认真规范; 2、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。

三、学习内容:Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary 四、学习过程 Pre-reading 同学们,在本部分中,你要掌握这些单词和短语,请自主阅读 教材 P41-43,然后把它们找出来。 (一)Words:英汉互译 1、 (新闻报道等的)标题_________ 2、照片___________3、名人 __________4、经济_______ 5、 政治_________6、 摄影师____________7、 宇航员____________8、 领航员__________ 9 、 太 空 人 ___________10 、 宇 宙 ____________11 、 船 员 __________12、轨道____________ 13 、 太 空 舱 __________14 、 飞 行 _________15 、 祝 贺 _______________16、在船上________ 17 、 欢 迎 __________18 、 历 史 性 的 ___________19 、 功 业
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____________20、business_______ 21 、 editor__________22 、 fashion____________23 、

international___________24、journalist_____ 25 、 sport__________26 、 astronaut__________27 、

subheading___________28、planet_________ (二)Phrases:翻译成汉语 1 、 front cover __________________ 2 、 front

page____________________________ 3 、 divide…into…_______________4 、 types of news

items_____________________ 5 、 in flight_________________ 6 、 have/ make/take a

flight____________________ 7 、 thousands and thousands of

___________________________________________ 8 、 a step forward for the whole

world______________________________________ 9 、 in space ____________________ 10 、 continue

with_______________________ 11 、 congratulations from around the

world___________________________________ Step 1 Fast Reading Read the passage on page 43 quickly and then Match the subheadings with the paragraphs. A、 Conversations in Space
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Para. 1 B、 October 16th, 2003 Para. 2 C、 Congratulations from Around the World Step 2 Careful Reading (一)Read the passage on page 43 carefully and choose the best answers. 1、What‘s the purpose of this reading? A. To introduce Yang Liwei B. To welcome to space C. To express congratulations from other countries D. To tell the fact that China succeeded in sending a man into space. 2.Who was the first man to offer congratulations to the Beijing Space Control Center? A. Hu Jin tao. C. Yang Li wei‘s wife. A. Take photographs. C. Talk with other astronauts. congratulations. 4. Whose parents were born in China? A. Edward Lu‘s. B. Sean O‘keefe‘s. C. Yuri Malenchenko‘s. D. Kofi Annman‘s. 5. We can infer that before last year.
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Para. 3

B. Wen Jia bao. D. Yang Li wei‘s wife. B. Enjoy the beauty of the earth. D. Receive messages of

3. What didn‘t Yang Li wei do in space?

A. astronauts from only two countries have traveled in space. B. astronauts from more than 30 countries have travelled in space C. only three countries were able to send a man into space D. more than 30 countries were able to send a man into space 6. It took Yang Liwei A. twenty-one hours and half C. less than one hour to make an orbit of the earth. B. about one and a half hours D. more than two hours

7. According to the text, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Yang Liwei was in space for 21 hours. B. Yang Liwei took off from Jiuquan. C. China became the fourth country to send a man into space. D.Yang Liwei was the 348th person to travel in space. 8. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. China‘s flight was a step forward for the whole world. B. Many countries around the world sent messages of congratulations. C. Many countries around the world sent messages of congratulations. D. The NASA helped to send Yang into space. (二)Translate these sentences. 1、When Yang took off from Jiuquan in northwest China at 9 am yesterday,China became the third nation to send a man into space. _________________________________________________________ ___________________ 2、While he was travelling in space,Yang spoke to two astronauts aboard the International Space Station,which is orbiting the earth, American astronaut Edward Lu and Russian cosmonaut Yuri
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Malenchenko . _________________________________________________________ ___________________ Step3 Summary Fill in the blanks according to the passage. Yang Liwei _______from Jiuquan yesterday and ______ _____ this morning. He was the 431st person to _____ in space. China became the third _______ a man into space. Yang Liwei said it was a great _______ in the history of China. Premier Wen __________ the Control Center to ____ his ______________. When Yang was _______________ in space, he took photos __ the earth and also spoke to other astronauts ______ the International Space station, _____ was orbiting the earth. Many countries sent _________ of congratulations. They said Yang‘s space ____ was an important ___________, and a ____ forward ___the whole world. And they wish China to continue ____ its space flight __________. Step 4 Finish off the exercises 1 and 4 (page 42). Step5 Language Points 同学们,在本部分中,你要掌握这些词汇和句型,请你在课文 中找出后把对应的知识点写在其旁边,最后完成相应的检测题。 1、headline 题) ; (P41) title 2、article 指书画、戏剧,乐曲的名称或文章的标题。 n. ① 文章 ② 冠词 ③ 物件, (P41) n.(新闻报道等的)标题(指报纸报道的大字标

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three articles of clothing(翻译) 3 、 photograph n. = (P41) take a photograph/photographs of sth./sb.(翻译) 4、business go into business go to sp. on business It‘s none of your own business 5、fashion 时髦,时尚(P41) fashionable the latest fashion 装表演 set a/the fashion 髦 come into fashion 渐过时 be in fashion 再流行 【反馈检测】 ①My parents always let me have my own ___ of living. A. way B. method C. manner D. fashion 6、 work on 从事于…;忙于…;继续工作;安装;影响;激起;
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photographer ( 汉 语 )

n. 生意,事务,商业 go out of business

n. (服饰等)流行样式,样子,方式; 流行,

adj. 时髦的,流行的 最新式样 a fashion show 时

领导潮流

follow the fashion

赶时

流行起来

go out of fashion



正流行

be out of fashion



致力于…;努力影响(P41) at work out of work work at work it work off work out 产生结果;锻炼 work with 【反馈检测】 ① The medicine the doctor prescribed ____________ his illness. 医生 开的那种药对他的病有疗效。 ② He has been ___________ a new novel for over a year now.近一年 多来,他一直在写一部新小说。 ③ He is this year. A. working off working at ④ The problem is not too hard. I think you can _____. A. work on it 7、economy B. work out it C. work it on D. work it out n.[c] 1)经济,经济体系 2)节约;节省(钱;时 B. working out C. working on D. a new project which has to be finished by the end of 与……共事;对……起作用 在工作着;运转着;在起作用;从事于(某项工作) 失业;出故障 学习,研究,从事,致力于,钻研 完成,做好 (使)逐渐消除;处理(积压的工作等);卖掉 计算出(答案、数量等),设法弄懂;精心制定出;

间,精力等)(P41) economics 经济学(用单数) ;经济意义(情况;因素) (多用

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单数) economic economical adj.经济的,经济学的(无比较级) adj.节俭的;经打细算的 using money, time, goods

without waste economist 【反馈检测】 ① A small car is more ______ than a large one, because it uses less gasoline. (economical; economic) ②The country is in a bad ___ state.(economic; economical) ③ 改错:Economics are a subject beyond the scope of a small child‘ mind. 8、in the universe in space 9、orbit 在宇宙中(P42) 在太空 n. 轨道,势力范围, 生活常规(P43) vi. 进入轨道, 沿轨道飞行, 盘旋 围绕…转圈 (n.) 经济学家

v. 绕…轨道运行 make an orbit of… = orbit 【反馈检测】

① The earth _________ the sun once every 365.25 days. 地球每 365.25 天绕太阳轨道一圈。 ② When he _____________in the capsule, he took photographs of planet earth.当他在太空舱内环绕地球的时候,他拍了很多地球的照 片。 ③ When he was orbiting in the capsule, …=When he was

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in the capsule, … ④ make 14 orbits of the earth ⑤put a man-made satellite into orbit 10、a complete success success succeed successful 事 【反馈检测】 (1)We all know that failure is 败是成功之母)。 (2) May you _________________ .祝你成功! (3) He was a very ________________ novelist.他是非常成功的小说 家。 11、congratulation n. 祝贺(常用复数),恭喜;贺词 (失 圆满成功(P43) (C)成功的人或事

n. [U]成功

v. succeed in doing sth. 成功地做了某事 adj. be successful in doing sth. 成功地通过了某

congratulation 后接事时用介词 on,接人时用 to,且常用复数。 offer / send one's congratulations to sb. accept one's congratulations express one's congratulations congratulate sb. on /upon sth./doing congratulate oneself on 辨析:celebrate 和 congratulate congratulate 是指对人取得的成就或喜事表示―庆贺,祝贺‖,其宾语
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向某人祝贺 接受某人的祝贺 表示庆贺 为某事向某人祝贺 暗自庆幸……

是―人‖,常与 on 搭配。 celebrate 是指对某一节日、生日、胜利和成功等的―庆贺‖,其宾语 是物。 【反馈检测】 ① I send you my warmest ____________ on your success. 我对你的 成功致以最热烈的祝贺。 ②____________________!祝贺你! ③ —I had a really good weekend at my uncle‘s. — A. Oh, that‘s very nice of you C. It‘s a pleasure B. Congratulations D. Oh, I‘m glad to hear that . (NMET99)

④ (广东卷) Tom: Mike, our team will play against the Rockets this weekend. I'm sure we will win. Mike: ______! A. Congratulations luck ⑤ —I have some big news for you. You‘ve been accepted as a member of our club. —______ That‘s great! (2008 安徽卷) A. Have I ? B. Pardon? C. Congratulations! D. Good idea! —______. C. Never mind D. It is true ⑥—Mum, I‘ve beaten Tom at this tennis match by 3 to 1. A. I think so B. Congratulations parents‘ silver wedding. A. celebrate B. memorize C. congratulate D. welcome ⑧ We not only ________ him on having passed the interview but also
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B. Cheers

C. Best wishes

D. Good

⑦ The three sisters decided to hold a family party to _____ their

held a party to ________ it. A. celebrated; congratulate C. congratulation; celebration B. congratulated; celebrate D. celebration; congratulation

⑨They ________ us on getting married. ⑩ —John and I will celebrate our fortieth wedding anniversary next month. —Oh,________!(2009· 山东,21) A.cheer up B.well done C.go ahead D.congratulations ⑾ — Celebrations 12、take off take in 起飞/脱掉/事业腾飞/休假(P43) 收留/欺骗/吸收 take down 拿 —Tonny, I‘m . C. Congratulations D. going to get married next month.

A. Congratulation B. Congratulate

下/记下/拆卸/病倒 take after take on take up take away 心 take care of 举行 take out 拿出,去除
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与……相像

take apart

拆开

呈现(面貌) ,具有(特征) 占据(时间、空间) ,拿起,开始(从事于) 拿走,带走;夺去 take care 小

照顾,保管

take place

发生,

take over



管 【反馈检测】 ①The plane ______ at seven in the morning. A. takes off B. takes on C. taked up D. takes over 13、China became the third nation to send a man into space.(P43) 句型结构:序数词 + 名词 + to do作定语/ that定语从句 【反馈检测】 ① China was one of the first countries in the world ______________ (研究农业). ②He is always ______________________________ (第一个来, 最后 一个离开) . 14、include vt. 包括,包含,算在内(P43)

常用结构:sb/sth included = including sb/sth contain 容器包含内容;include 整体包括部分 【反馈检测】 ① We couldn‘t help shouting,________________________________. (包括老师在内). ②Everyone has to go to the dentist‘s, you _________. ③There were twelve of us, _________ me and Tom. ④The book ______ forty maps, ______ three of Great Britain. A. contains; includes C. includes; contains B. is containing; including D. contains; including

15、in total =in altogether 总共;合计(P43)

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total 作及物动词,意为―合计为‖; n.总数, 总计, 总额;adj. 完全 的, 全部的 = complete;totally a total of in all total(up)to add up to sum up 【反馈检测】 ①The expenses(费用) ________ $1,000. A.totalled — B.added up C.added to D.added 总数为… 总共 合计;总数达到(该短语不能用被动语态) 总计为,总数达 总计 adv. 完全地 = completely

② —How many people learned English as a second language? , there are more than 400 million people. B. In total C. At all D. First of all A. What‘s more

③ 句型转换:In all, I spent $100 on the books. → __________ , I spent $100 on the books. → ___________ my expenses on the books came to $100. →My expenses on the books totaled up to $100. ④ —Are you looking for something in ________ ? having a look. A. total common ⑤ ________,he produced 30 books and 300 articles about children education in his life. A.In a total B.In the total C.In total D.Together B. particular C. general D. —No. I‘m just

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16、aboard

adv. 在船(飞机、火车、公共汽车)上(P43)

go aboard (the plane) 登(机) All aboard! Welcome aboard! on board 各位,请上车(船、飞机)! 欢迎乘坐! 搭乘(船、飞机等)。

词语辨析 abroad, aboard, board 前两个词是副词,词形相近,但这两个词的意思差异很大。 abroad 意为―在国外‖ 不能与 in, to, at 等介词连用;其前也不用冠 词; 但可用介词 from; 而 aboard 的意思是―登(机), 上(车、 船等)‖, 常与动词 go 搭配使用;board 常用来表示―登机,上船‖,是动词; broad adj.宽广的。 【反馈检测】 ① I have decided to study ____________ next year.我已决定明年去国 外读书。 ② We are asked to ____________ half an hour before departure time. 起 飞前半小时之内,我们必须登机。 ③ As the train was to pull out, her husband came running along and climbed ______. A. abroad A. abroad B. broad B. aboard C. aboard C. board D. board D. broad ④The ship left the port as soon as all the passengers were ________ . ⑤ All passengers ________ , please fasten your seat belts and remain seated ________ the plane is landing.

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A. on board; until C. on the board; before

B. abroad; since D. aboard; when

⑥As soon as we went ________ the ship,it left port. A.aboard A. on board B.to aboard B. in board C.abroad C. on the board D.board D. in the board

⑦He hurried to the airport and got

the plane just in time.

17、welcome 1)interj. 欢迎 (to)做感叹词意思为欢迎,常常用 于客人已到达的场合。中间不加代词。(P43) ―北京欢迎您!‖不能想当然地翻译为―Welcome you to Beijing!‖,而 应该翻译为―Welcome to Beijing!‖或―You are welcome to Beijing!‖。 2)vt (welcomed,welcoming)meet or greet with pleasure 欢迎; 迎接; 3)adj. 受欢迎的;来得正好的;可以随意使用....的 4)n.欢迎;迎接 give sb. a warm/cold/enthusiastic welcome receive a warm/cold/enthusiastic welcome deliver a welcome 【反馈检测】 ① --- Excuse me, can you tell me where the nearest bank is, please? (全 国 1) ---______ Oh yes! It's past the office, next to a big market. A. Mm, let me think. C. You're welcome. B. Oh, I beg your pardon? D. What do you mean? 致欢迎辞

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② -–I‘m sorry to have kept you waiting. -–____, Bill. (全国 2) A. You‘re welcome problem ③ They got ___ welcome wherever they reached. A. a morning. — ________ . A. That‘s all right C. You are welcome it ⑤This is my car.You are welcome ________ it. A.for B.on C.with D.to 18、historical adj. 历史上(存在过或发生过)的, 历史的,历史题材 的,有关历史的( connected with history or the past ) historic = important historical adj. 历史上著名的, 有重要历史意义 的 ( very important places/events in the history ) in history in the history of China 19、achievement achieve 利) ;完成 scientific achievements 科学功绩
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B. Go aheadC. Don‘t mention it D. No

B. \

C. the

D. much

④ —Jane, I am sorry I used your computer when you were away this

B. It‘s a pleasure D. Don‘t mention

在历史上 在中国历史上 n. (C)业绩,成就(P43)

vt. (achieved, achieved, achieving)达到(目的) ;取得(胜

achieve one‘s goal/aim

实现目标 做某事的目标

one‘s achievement in (doing) sth 【反馈检测】

① The ________ the Chinese have made in space are surprising and pleasing. A. influences B. efforts C. achievements D. progresses 20 、 Sean O‘Keefe from NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)in the US said that Yang‘s space flight was ―an important historical achievement and NASA wishes China continuing success with its space flight programme‖.来自美国国家航空航天局 的先 · 奥基夫说杨利伟的太空之行,是 ― 一次重大的历史成就 ‖ , ―NASA 祝愿中国在太空飞行项目上继续取得成功‖。(P43) Wish+ 名词/sb. sth./ to do /sb.to do sth./(that)主语+did(were)...(与现 在事实相反)/(that)主语+ had done...(与过去事实相反)/ (that)主语+ could/would/might do...(与将来事实相反)/for hope+to do sth./ for sth./ (that)主语+ could/would/might do…(与将来 某实相反) It is hoped that+从句 注意:不可以说 hope sb. to do sth. 【反馈检测】 ① His wish that he ________ so many mistakes in yesterday‘s examination is understandable.

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A.didn‘t make C.doesn‘t make

B.should not make D.hadn‘t made

②I wish I ____ him the day before yesterday. A.saw B.could see C.had seen D.was seeing ③Only in this way __ to make improvement in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope ④--Will you be able to finish your report today? ---_____. (全国 3) A. I like it B. I hope so C. I‘ll do so D. I‘d love it ④ --You haven‘t lost the ticket, have you? ---______. I know it‘s not easy to get another one at the moment. A. I hope not afraid so ⑤ We _____ each other the best of luck in the exam. A. hoped B. wanted C. expected D. wished ⑦We all ________ you good luck in the coming examination. A.hope B.expect C.wish D.want continuing adj. 继续的, 连续的, 持续的 B. Yes, I have C. I hope so D. Yes, I ?m

continue to do/ sth / with sth / doing sth 21、general in general generally 【反馈检测】 adj.普通的,一般的; 普遍的 总的说来;总体上;通常 普遍地;大体上; 通常地 n.将军(P42)

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①In general, our school is very good. ②John says that he generally gets into work by 8:00. ③Generally speaking, the more expensive the computer, the better it is. Step6 学习体会 以上所讲的你还有哪些掌握不好,请写在下面。

Step7 Homework Prepare for Cultural Corner ― Daily Newspapers in Britain and the United States‖On Page 49. (1)自主阅读课文,找出里面的新词汇; (2)自主试译课文。

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Section Ⅱ Cultural Corner 一、学习目标:

(2 课时)

1、通过自主阅读课文,能够认识课文中的新单词与词汇。 2、通过自主翻译课文,能够掌握课文中重要句型的结构。 3、通过自主阅读课文,能够透彻理解课文内容。 二、使用要求 1、书写要认真规范; 2、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。

三、学习内容:Daily Newspapers in Britain and the United States 四、学习过程 (一) Pre-reading 同学们,在本部分中,你要掌握这些单词和短语,请自主阅读 P49 课文,然后把它们找出来。 (一)Words:英汉互译 1、 文化的___________2、 金融的__________3、 评论___________4、 皇家的____________ 5、创立__________6、创作___________7、quality___________8、 press_________________ 9 、 carry___________10 、 tabloid___________11 、

concentrate___________ 12、politician______ (二)Phrases:翻译成汉语 1 、 the main differences

between…and…_____________________________________ 2 、 be divided into__________________3
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quality

press________________________ 4 、 popular press___________________5 、 financial

reports_____________________ 6 、 be similar to___________________7 、 be similar

in_________________________ 8 、 concentrate Step 1 Fast reading Read the text quickly and then answer the following question. What are the main differences between quality newspapers and popular newspapers in Britain and the United States ? _________________________________________________________ ___________________ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ Step 2 Careful reading (一)Read the text carefully and choose the best answers. ① How many kinds of newspaper were mentioned in the passage? A. 2. B.5. C.6. D.3. ② What do quality newspapers have except home news and sports
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on_________________9 、 all

over

the

country____________________

events? A. International news and cultural events. international news. C. Large headlines and news about the British royal family. D. Cultural events and a lot of photographs. ③ What else do popular newspaper has, including news and events about famous people? A. Home news and sports events. headlines. C. Large lines, a lot of big photographs and news about the British royal family. D. None of the above. ④ What‘s the main idea of the reading? A. Introduce the importance of the quality newspaper. B. Compare the quality newspaper and the popular newspaper. C. The Times sells more than any other daily newspaper. D. All kinds of the newspaper. (二)Read the text again and try to find out the main idea of each paragraph . 1. ______ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ 2.
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B.

B. international news and large

Paragraph

1:_______________________________________________________

Paragraph

2:_______________________________________________________ ______ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ 3. ______ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ 4. ______ _________________________________________________________ ___________________ Step 3 Language points 同学们,在本部分中,你要掌握这些词汇和句型,请你在课文 中找出后把对应的知识点写在其旁边,最后完成相应的反馈检测 题。 1、be divided into… separate…from… 【反馈检测】 ①Our class ②Good apples should four.
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Paragraph

3:_______________________________________________________

Paragraph

4:_______________________________________________________

把…分成… (P49 L1) 把…分开

eight groups. bad ones.

③ The mother _____the cake among her children. The cake______

A. shared; was shared in C. divided; was divided by 2、concentrate on center on focus on

B. separated; was separated from D. shared; was divided into

全神贯注于,把思想集中于(P49L12)

以…为中心;重点在于…,主要与…有关 致力于;使聚焦于;对(某事或做某事)予以注意;

把…作为兴趣中心 fix one‘s eyes on fix one‘s attention on pay attention to 【反馈检测】 ① Please be quiet, the children 做)their homework. ②— I‘m trying to my job, right now. ( 专心 盯着…看,凝视… 将注意力集中于… 注意;当心(to 是介词)

— OK。 Sorry for disturbing you. A. devote to 定,决定) ③ She seemed quite unable to _____on the task in hand and spent almost the entire afternoon chattering away about nothing in particular. A. concentrate 3、found B. connect C. fix D. fill vt. 创立;建立(P49L20) B. concentrate on C. fix upon(注视,凝视;确

found — founded — founded(建立) find — found — found (发现) foundation n. [U] 地基,基础;根据,基本原理;建立,创

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立;基金,基金会 found...on/upon be founded on 词语辨析 found 建立在……基础上;以……为根据 建立在……基础之上,(建筑物)建立在……

found, build, set up, put up

成立,创办。通常用于党团组织、学校、国家政权等机构

从无到有的创立。 build 建造,建立,建设。用法最广,可以是房屋、道路等具体

大东西,也可以是社会制度、人际关系等抽象的事物,还可以引申 为培养、发展等意思。build good relationship 增强友好关系 set up 开办,建立。常和表示组织、机构、团体等意义的名词连

用;也指把某物架好,竖好。表示―建立‖时多用于机构设施。set up a tent 搭起帐篷 put up 建造, 搭建。 着重指建造或搭起一个具有高度的具体的物体。 【反馈检测】 ①I __________ him right. 我发现他是正确的。 ②The city _____________ by English settlers in 1790. 这座城市是英 国移民于 1790 年建立的。 ③ His theory 础上)facts. 4、Around four million people read it every day and it sells more than any other daily newspaper . 它每天大约拥有 400 万读者,其销量在所有日报 中独占鳌头。 (P49L22)
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(建立在事实基

1)sell ―销售‖,在此处虽然 sell 的主语是报纸,用主动表示被动。 有些动词如 sell,write,wash,open,measure 等当它们的主语是 物时, 用主动语态表示主语的特征, 后面常跟一些副词如 well, fine, badly 等。例如:Ice cream sells best in summer. 冰淇淋在夏天销路 很好。 2) than any other +单数名词, 比…其它任何一个都… (同一范围内) , 表示最高级含义。 than any +单数名词 【反馈检测】 ① China in Asia.中国比亚洲其他任何一个国家都大。 ② China is Africa. 中国比非洲任何一个国家都大。 ③The apples were so delicious that they _____ out soon. A. sold A. good; is sold sold ⑤Canada is larger than A. any B. any other 5、be similar to be similar in Country in Asia. C. other D. another B. had been sold B. well; sell C. were sold C. good; sells D. would sell D. well; are ④Tasting ________ , this kind of hamburgers ________ well. in is 比…任何一个都…(不同一范围内) 。

与…相似;同…差不多;与……类似(P49L34) 在…方面相似 熟悉

be familiar to sb, / sth.

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be the same as be the same to sb. It‘s all the same to me. be different from be different in similarity 【反馈检测】

同…一样 对…来讲一样 对我来说无所谓,什么都可以. 与…不同 在…方面不同 n. 类似性,相似性;相似之处 [

①Your views on education are similar ②Our cars are similar only _______delay in the evening. A. familiar Step 4 单词拼写 B. popular C. similar Colour.

mine.

③ My train was 20 minutes late in the morning and there was a D. similarly

课堂达标

1.The ancient Romans ________(建立)colonies throughout Europe. 2.Tokyo and New York are major ________(金融的)centres. 3.Popular newspapers are also known as tabloids.They have large h________. 4. Quality newspapers have home and international news, and sport and c________ events. 5.Newspapers also carry financial reports,travel news and book and film r________. 6.I haven‘t much b________ in his honesty.

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7.Is your leader a p________ or a stateman? 8.Practice is the r________ road to success when learning a language. 9.Welcome a________! 10.Zhou Runfa is a very famous a________.

Step5 学习体会 以上所讲的你还有哪些掌握不好,请写在下面。

Step 6 Homework Prepare for Listening and reading & speakinging & Everyday English and Function . (1)自主阅读教材,找出里面的新词汇。

Section Ⅲ Listening and reading & speakinging & Everyday English and Function (1 课时) 一、学习目标 1.通过阅读教材,掌握考纲要求的单词、短语; 二、使用要求 1、书写要认真规范; 2、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。
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三、学习过程 【课前预习】 同学们,在本部分中,你要掌握这些单词和短语,请自主阅读 教材 P45-48,然后把它们找出来。 (一)Words:英汉互译 1、代替;取代________2、外星人________3、业余的__________4、 天文学家__________ 5 、亲笔签名 ___________6 、高兴的 __________7 、 (电影的)迷 _____8、宇宙飞船_______ 9 、 望 远 镜 _________ 10 、 演 员 __________ 11 、 在 后 台 ___________12、角色___________ 13、政治家__________14、信念_________15、不信__________16、 证据______________ 17 、 专 业 的 ____________ 18 、 nicely__________ 19 、

indicate__________________________ (二)Phrases:翻译成汉语 1 、 now that___________________ 2 、 believe

in____________________________ 3 、 be delighted to do sth________________ 4 、 more or less_____________________ 5 、 replace… with/by…________________ 6 、 make a note of___________________ 7 、 put…in the order___________________8 、 dressing
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room____________________ 9 、 screen test________________________10 、 pop

stars________________________ 11 、 come on_________________12 、 I can‘t believe you said that.________________ 13、 It‘s quite possible._________________14、 I don‘t believe a word of it.___________ 15 、 It simply isn‘t possible._____________16 、 You can‘t be serious._______________ Step 1 Finish off the exercise 2 on P45,exercises 1、3 and then check up the answers in groups. Step 2 Language Points: 同学们,在本部分中,你要掌握这些词汇和句型,请你在课文 中找出后把对应的知识点写在其旁边,最后完成相应的反馈检测 题。 1. replace replacement replace...with/by... vt.放回; 取代; 代替(相当于 take the place of) (P44) n.更换,替换的人(物) 用……替换,以……接替

instead of / in place of / take the place of / take place instead of 有―代替;而不是‖之意,后面可接名词、代词、动名词 不定式或介词短语等多种形式。 in place of 是―代替‖的意思,后面只能接名词或代词。只有接名词

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或代词时才可以和 instead of 通用。 take the place of 是动词词组,有―代替‖的意思。 take place 【反馈检测】 ①Please _____________________ (把书放回)on the shelf. ②The surprise in her face ______________________ (被代替)joy. ③ Crossroads will not exist on these new highways , but ____________________ (将被代替)bridges and flyovers. ④ It is predicted that some day in the future , the computer will ________ books as the first source of information and knowledge. A.instead B.instead of C.take D.replace 发生

⑤Mr Smith,_____with a new mayor,is giving his farewell speech at the meeting. A. replaced being replaced 2. Amateur astronomer David Bates was looking at the moon through his telescope last night when he got a big surprise.昨晚天文爱好者戴 维· 贝茨正在用望远镜观看月球时,他大吃一惊。 (P45) ▲ 该句是一个并列句,其结构 …was doing…when… ,译为 ―正在 做……这时……‖, 句中的 when 用作并列连词, 意思是―就在那时‖、 ―……突然……‖,相当于 and then。 when 这种用法常用于如下结构: sb. was / were doing sth. when… 某人正做某事时突然…… B. to be replaced C. to replace D.

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sb. was / were about to do sth. when

某人正要做某事时突然…… 某人正要做某事

sb. was / were on the point of doing sth. when… 时突然…… sb. had (just) done sth. when ▲ surprise 【反馈检测】 ① We were swimming in the lake started. A. when ②The A. surprise the shoulder. A. as B. until C. while B. while C. until D. before

某人刚做完某事突然……

n.[U]惊奇,惊异;[C]使人惊奇的事或东西

suddenly the storm

look on his face suggested that he didn‘t expect it. B. surprising C. surprised D. surprisedly

③ He was about to tell me the secret ______ someone patted him on D. when

④ I ______ along the street looking for a place to park when the accident ______. A. went; was occurring C. was going; occurred A. even if A. in case B. as though B. even if B. went; occurred D. was going; had occurred C. as long as C. unless D. when D. unless

⑤You will succeed in the end _____ you give up halfway ⑥How can you expect to learn anything _____ you never listen. ⑦ We were all doing our history paper in the classroom yesterday evening ______the light went out. A. since B. before C. while
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D. when

⑧ ______time went on,the people in the area came to realize how seriously the environment had been polluted. A. As B. With C. When D. While ⑨(08 北京卷) I‘m sorry you‘ve been waiting so long, but it‘ll still be some time ____ Brian get back. A. before B. since C. till D. after ⑩ He was told that it would be at least three more months _____he could recover and return to work. [2007 江西卷] A. when B. before C. since D. that

⑾ _____ I really don‘t like art, I find his work impressive. [2007 山东 卷] A.As B.Since C.If B. even if D.While C. soon after D. in

⑿Leave your key with a neighbor ___ you lock yourself out one day. A. ever since case ⒀ A small car is big enough for a family of three ____ you need more space for baggage. A. once B. because C. if D. unless —I didn‘t need to ____ ⒁ (08 北京卷) —Did you return Fred‘s call? I‘ll see him tomorrow. A. though on the design of the building. B. unless C. when D. because ⒂ A dozen ideas were considered ________ the chief architect decided

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A.because B.before C.whether D.unless 3.Since no one else saw the aliens, not many people believe Mr bates. 既然没有别人见到外星人,没有多少人相信贝茨先生的话。 (P45) believe sb./ what one says / one's words / that believe in sb. / sth. 相信

信仰;相信;相信有; 信任;支持 认为

believe sb. to be / to have done make believe that = pretend that believe in n /doing 据信…… I believe so/ not. 不信由你。 Seeing is believing. 【反馈检测】

主张;认为是好的

It's believed that…

我想是/不是。

Believe it or not.



眼见为实。

① 改错练习:1)I believe that he isn‘t honest. 2)—Do you believe God? 3)-- Do you believe it will rain tomorrow? -- I believe. 4)We believe him to come early. 5)If you will believe it(想不到), he was in prison. ② I ________ what he said but I don't ________ him.我相信他说的 话,但是我并不信任他。 ③If you ____________ yourself, you can succeed. 你若能自信, 便会 成功。

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④Do you ____________ God?

你相信有上帝吗?

⑤Don't ____________ a word of it. 一点也不要相信那些话。 ⑥As is known to all, he is honest. That's why I ______ him all the time. But I don't ____ what he told me this time. A. believe; believe C. believe in; believe in A. who B. whom B. believe in; believe D. believe; believe in C. / D. which

⑦Jack is the right person ___ I believe is honest. ⑧He looked into the cases ___ he believed were of importance. A. that B. / C. which D. where ⑨Jack is the right person ___ I think is fit for the job. A. who B. / C. whom D. which ⑩ It was on the 28th of July, ___I believe was a Wednesday, ___ I visited my father for the first time in his life. A. that; which ⑾——Do you A. believe; believe in C. believe in; believe B. which; that C. which; which her. B. believe; believe D. believe in; believe in D. that; that

what Janet said about the aliens?

——I‘m afraid not, though I

4.Now that I have made this first visit, I hope I can come many more times.既然我已经访问了第一次,我希望我经常来。 (P45) ▲now (that) before now for now conj. 既然, 相当于 since, 用来引导原因状语从句。 以前 暂时,目前,眼下 by now 这时(已), 至此 从现在起,

from now on

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今后 just now 止,迄今 up to now 到现在为止,迄今 刚才;眼下 till / until now 到现在为

词语辨析 since, for, because, now that, as since for 既然,语气较弱,强调已知的事实,侧重主句。 是并列连词,表示推断的原因,或对前一分句补充说明

理由,不能置于句首。 because ―因为‖, 表示直接的或为人所不知的原因, 用来回答 why

的问题,一般位于主句之后。 now that 既然,同 since 相似,语气较弱,强调人们已知的事实, 在口语中 that 常可省略。 as ―由于‖,表示显而易见或已为人所知的原因。

【反馈检测】 ①_______spring is here, we can expect milder weather. A. Because A. Now that B. Now that B. Now if C. For C. Since that D. Even if D. Even if ②_____ you made a promise , you should stick to it. ③ Chen Yunlin said that the two sides across the Taiwan Straits would overcome the difficulties ________ they joined hands to find solutions and help each other. A. as long as B. if only C. in case D. now that ④________the plan has been made,let‘s get down to ________ it out.

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A.Now that;carry B.Because;carry C.Since;carrying D.Now; putting A. Now that; carry B. Because; carry C. Since; carrying D. Now; putting get down to(介词)开始认真做某事 ;carry out 执行 ⑤________ you‘ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. A. Now that ⑥—May I go now? — A. After you‘ve finished your work, you may go. B. Although C. Now that D. As soon as B. After C. Although D. As soon as

5.―I‘d be delighted to sign your arm.‖―我很高兴在你胳膊上签名。‖ (P45) 【反馈检测】 ①He has recovered A. to their much delight C. to much their delight of his friend. B. to the much delight D. much to their delight

6. Is this the first time he‘s seen aliens landing on the moon? 这是他第 一次见外星人在月球上着陆吗?(P45) ▲―It / This is the first / last(序数词) time +( that)+主语+现在完成时‖ 表示―这是…第一次/ 最后一次做……‖。 the first time, the last time, every time, each time 语从句,相当于连词。 【反馈检测】 等可以引导时间状

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① This was the second time that you 7. part partly

the mistake.(make)

n. 角色;零件;一部分;局部(P47) adv. 部分地;不完全地 在……中扮演角色;在……中起作用 扮演…… take part in 参加, 参与

play a part in

act / play the part of… 某事 do one's part 某种程度上

尽自己的职责

in part

部分地;在

for one's part=on the part of sb. 就某人来说;讲到某人 【反馈检测】 ① If everyone ____________, the project will surely be a success.如 果大家都尽责,这个项目肯定会成功。 ② The company's problems ____________ due to bad management.该 公司的问题部分是由于管理不善造成的。 ③ It is clear that the whole world is passing through a social revolution in which a central ______ must be taken by scientists and technologists. A. process 7. belief B. attention C. measure D. part n. 信念;信条(P48) 相信 就我所知

have belief / trust / faith in

To the best of my trust/ belief =as far as I know lost belief in 不相信

It‘s my belief that… =It‘s my firm opinion that…
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我相信

beyond belief have belief in

难以置信的;令人吃惊的 相信,信任

to the best of my belief=in my opinion=as far as I know 在我看来; 我深信; 就我所知 in the belief that 【反馈检测】 ① Mohamed Al Fayed has frequently voiced the belief ______ his son Doli Fayed and Princess Diana were killed by British spies. A. what B. which C. that B. As far as D. whom C. Just as D. Even ② _____I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. A. As long as if 8. evidence evident n. 证据,根据,论据 v.表明,证明;显示(P48) adj. 明显的;明白的;清楚的 evidently adv.明 认为,相信

显地;显然地 give / show / bear evidence of call sb. in evidence give evidence in evidence 证明,说明,表明

传某人出庭作证

作证,提出证据 明显的; 显眼的; 看得见, 到场, 处于明显的地位;

(律)认作有效证据 the evidence to do sth. the evidence that… on the evidence of sth. 做某事的证据 ……的证据 用某事物作为证据

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It is evident that… on evidence 【反馈检测】

很显然……

依据证据

① I was asked to ________________ at the trial. 我被要求审讯时出 庭作证。 ② It has now become ______________ to us that a mistake has been made. 我们已经清楚出了差错。 ③ They haven‘t discovered any _____that would prove her guilty of the crime. Maybe she is innocent. A. symptom development. A.on good evidence C.on a good evidence Step 3 课堂达标 B.on good proof D.on a good proof of B. symbol C. evidence D. belief ④ We can say ________ that their work is on the path of sound

Step4 学习体会 以上所讲的你还有哪些掌握不好,请写在下面。

Step5 Homework : Prepare for the Grammar :
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1)Adverbial clause of time 2)Adverbial clause of reason Section ⅣGrammar 一、学习目标: 通过观察例句和实战演练, 掌握时间状语从句和原因状语从句的句 型结构。 二、使用要求 1、书写要认真规范; 三、学习过程 Step 1 Look at Grammars 1 and 2 and finish off exercise 3 on P44 by yourself , then check up your answers . Step 2 (一)观察下列时间状语从句,划出从属连词并总结用法。 1、When / whenever : When I came into the room, he was writing a letter.当我进屋时,他正在写信。 We shall go there whenever we are free.我们什么时间有空, 我们就去 那里。 when 指 的 是 ―_________________‖; whenever 指 的 是 2、教师讲解时,务必用红色笔修正答案。 (1 课时)

―______________‖。 2、when :I was walking along the street when suddenly someone patted me on the shoulder from behind.我正在街上走着,这时忽然有 人从后面拍我的肩膀。
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when 意为―________‖或―__________‖,可以看作是并列句,这种用法 的 when 分句一般位于句末。 3、while :While it was raining, they went out.天下雨的时候,他们 出去了。 I stayed while he was away.他不在的时候我在。 while 指―_______________‖,―_____________‖,while 引导的动作 必须是持续性的。 4、as :He hurried home, looking behind as he went.他赶快回家,不 时地一边走一边向后看。 as 引导持续性动作,强调主句和从句的动作_________发生。 5、before :Be a pupil before you become a teacher.先做学生,再做 先生。 6、after :He arrived after the game started.比赛开始后,他到了。 7、till :We waited till (until)he came back .我们一直等到他回来。 如果主句动词是持续性动作,常用肯定式,表示―直到…为止‖。 8、until :She didn‘t stop working until eleven o‘clock .她到 11 点钟 才停止工作。 Until he had passed out of sight, she stood there. 她站在那里看着,直 到看不见他的身影。 如果主句动词是瞬间动词,常用否定式,表示―直…才‖―在…以前 不‖,从句放在句首表示强调,一般用 until . 9、since :Great changes have taken place in China since 1978.自从

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1978 年以来中国发生了巨大的变化。 10、as soon as :As soon as I arrive in Shanghai, I‘ll write to you.我一 到上海就给你写信。 状语从句在主句之前时一般用逗号与主句分开, 如从句在主句之后 则不必用标点符号。 11、hardly…when :I had hardly got home when it began to rain.我刚 一到家,就下雨了。=Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. no sooner…than :No sooner had we got to the station than the train left. 我们刚到车站,火车就走了。 Hardly had we begun when we were told to stop.我们刚开始就被叫 停。 hardly…when 和 no sooner…than 的意义相当于 as soon as,但只表示 过去发生的事情,主句为过去完成时,从句为过去时,如 hardly 或 no sooner 位于句首时语气强,而且主句的谓语要用部分倒装。 every time :Every time I travelled by boat, I got seasick.我每次乘船 都晕船。 by the time :By the time he was 14, Mozart had composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as for orchestras.莫 扎特到 14 岁的时候,不仅已经谱写了许多管弦乐曲,还谱写了许 多拨弦键琴曲、钢琴曲和小提琴曲。 the moment : The moment I heard the song, I felt cheerful.我一听到这 首歌,就感到很愉快。
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Next time you come ,you‘ll see him.下次你来的时候,就会见到他。 在时间状语从句中,不能用将来时或过去将来时,而要用现在时或 过去时代替将来时。 by the time+一般过去时,主句一般用过去完成时。 by the time+一般现在时,主句一般用将来时或将来完成时。 (二)观察下列原因状语从句,划出从属连词并总结用法。。 1、because :I came back late yesterday because I was on duty.昨天我 回来晚了,因为我值班。 because 用来回答 why 的问题,语气最强。 2、since :Since everyone is here, let‘s begin our meeting.既然大家都 到了,我们开始开会。 since 表示既然或全已知的理由,稍加分析即可表明的原因 , 多放句 首。 3、as :As he didn‘t know much English, he looked up the word in the dictionary . 由于他英语懂得不多,他在字典中查阅这个单词。 从句常放在句首,说明原因,主句说明结果,常用于口语中。 4、now that / seeing that : Now (that) the weather has cleared up, we can start our journey. 鉴于天 气已经晴朗,我们可以启程了。 Seeing (that) he was badly ill, we sent for the doctor.鉴于他病情严重, 我们派人去请医生去了。 seeing (that), now that 和 since, as 意义相似, 他们都有―鉴于某个事
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实‖的意思,that 可以省去。 Step 3 课堂检测 1. —Where‘s that report? —I brought it to you yesterday. A. if B. when C. because D. before we‘ve actually 2. It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life had that lesson. A. until B. after C. sine D. when 3. —Did Linda see the traffic accident? —No, no sooner A. had she gone C. has she gone Canada, A. as B. if that it happened. B. she had gone D. she has gone this was a memory she especially treasured. C. when D. where China sends a manned you were in Mr Black‘s office

4. Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos she had shout at

5. —How long do you think it will be spaceship to the moon? —Perhaps two or three years. A. when B. until C. that D. before 6. —Why didn‘t you tell him about the meeting? —He rushed out of the room A. before time for it.
第 45 页 共 48 页

I could say a word. C. when D. after it was the best

B. until

7. He transplanted the little tree to the garden

A. where B. when 8. It was some time A. when B. until

C. that

D. until C. since D. before he arrived home. D. until

we realized the truth.

9. —Did Jack come beck early last night? —Yes. It was not yet eight o‘clock A. before B. when C. that

10. Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park she was bitten on the leg by a lion. A. when B. while C. since D. once we 11. We were told that we should follow the main road reached the central railway station. A. whenever B. until —He left A. the minute to me. A. will write finally arrived. A. when himself. A. fell; rode C. had fallen; rode B. fell; was riding D. had fallen; was riding B. as C. before D. while his bicycle and hurt 15. My brother while he B. have written C. write D. wrote the bus 14. John waited at the bus-stop nearly half an hour C. while D. wherever 12. —When did he leave the classroom? you turned back to write on the blackboard. B. the time C. until D. before

13. Please remember to send me one of your photos next time you

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16. A. When 17. A. Now already? A. that

it happened to be a nice day, we decided to go to the beach. B. Before C. If D. Since everyone is here, why don‘t we begin our discussion about B. If C. For D. Because you‘ve got such a good one D. when

the heating problem. 18. Why do you want a new job B. where C. which

19. An American asked me for directions to the nearest station, I was walking down the street. A. as you? — you are there, would you please buy me an English novel? C. Once D. While A. When B. After B. that C. during D. if 20. —Tomorrow I‘ll go to Shanghai. What would you like me to do for

21. Unlike watching TV, reading is a highly active process( 过程), it requires attentions as well as memory and imagination. A. until look. A. because 23. We were just A. about, when C. on the point of, when B. for C. now that calling you up D. as you came in. B. but C. unless D. for he wears a rather sad 22. Jack must have been told the news,

B. on the point of, while D. on the point of, as , in fact, I

24. She thought I was talking about her daughter,
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was talking about my daughter. A. whom A. while B. when B. after C. which D. while he spoke on the radio. C. immediately D. during 25. We recognized his voice Step4. 学习体会 以上所讲的你还有哪些掌握不好,请写在下面。

Step 5 Homework Prepare for the words of Module 6 in Book Two.

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