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定语从句在写作中的应用


High School of Henan University Yang Kun

上周六我看了一场演唱会。这场演 唱会很精彩。 Last Saturday I watched a concert. The concert was wonderful. Last Saturday I watched a concert, which was wonderfu

l/ marvelous.

How to Use the Attributive Clause in your Writing 写作中的定语从句

Part1.高考满分作文中的定语从句欣赏:
1.(2013年全国高考新课标I) 你知道,我的叔叔李明要去你居住的城市参加一个会议。

You know, my uncle Li Ming is going to the city where you live to attend an international meeting.
我让叔叔带去你想要的那幅中国画。

I’ve asked my uncle to bring you the Chinese painting you’ve asked for before.

2.(2013年广东高考) 那些做普通简单工作的人也在推动着社会的发展。

Those who do simple and ordinary jobs are also promoting the development of the society.
正如我们都知道的那样,扫大街是最为困难的工作之一。

As we all know, cleaning streets is one of the hardest work.

3.(2013年福建高考) 没经历过暴风雨的水手永远不会成为一名优秀的水手。

A sailor who has experienced no storm will never become an excellent sailor.

当今,父母为他们的独生子女做所有的事情,这使得这 些独生子女非常依赖于父母。

Nowadays parents have done everything for their single children, which makes the children rely on their parents badly.

Part2.写作中定语从句的主要作用:
1.增加词数 This is my uncle, a doctor. 2.可连接两个包含同一事物的句子,避免单词重复 This is my uncle, who is a doctor. 和句式单一 3.补充细节,以丰富文章内容 Last Saturday I watched a concert. The concert was wonderful. People can enjoy the moon while eating moon cakes, Last Saturday I watched a concert which was which are the special food for this festival. wonderful.

Part3.如何写出定语从句:
1.题干中出现两句涉及同一事物的简单句

Solution: 1>找出这两个简单句中都出现了的同一个事物
2>将其中一个简单句改成从句,去修饰另外一个 句子中那个相同的事物(注意关系词的选用)

For example:
我们班是一个大家庭。 这个大家庭包括42个女孩和28个男孩。

Our class is a big family. The family consists of 42 girls and 28 boys.
Our class is a big family, which consists of 42 girls and 28 boys.

Practice:
我最好的朋友是Mr.Cai。 他的外号叫屌丝。

My best friend is Mr. Cai. His nickname is “loser”

My best friend is Mr. Cai, whose nickname is “loser”.
我不喜欢他的外号。 原因是它深深地伤害了他。

I don’t like his nickname. The reason is that it deeply hurts him. The reason why I don’t like his nickname is that it deeply hurts him.

他居住在开封。 在这人们可以游览很多美丽的景点。

He lives in Kaifeng. People can visit lots of scenic spots here. He lives in Kaifeng, where people can visit lots of scenic spots. (注意此处不再有here)
我们过去常常一起上美术课。 我不会忘记那段日子。

We used to attend painting lectures together. I will never forget the days . I will never forget the days when we used to attend painting lectures together .

2.题干中只有一个孤立的简单句

Solution:
找到这个简单句中的中心词,用定语从句将其丰富

For example:
开封是一个历史名城。

Kaifeng is a famous historic city.
有多久的历史?因何出名?

Kaifeng is a famous historic city, which has a long history of more than 2700 years and large numbers of historic spots, such as the Iron Pagoda, Longting Park and so forth.

Practice:
即将到来的端午节是中国的传统节日。 The upcoming Dragon Boat Festival is a Chinese traditional festival. 节日的目的 The upcoming Dragon Boat Festival is a Chinese traditional festival, which is celebrated to honor our national hero, Qu Yuan. Mr.Cai 是一个热心肠的人。 Mr.Cai is a warm-hearted man.
具体化

Mr.Cai is a warm-hearted man, who always lends a helping hand to others.

Practice:
(2013年高考山东卷) 描述你的假期打算(包括兼职、旅游、志愿者等)
用定语从句增添做这些事情的原因

I would like to do a part-time job, which will help me earn money and accumulate working experience.

Traveling is one of my choices, which will enrich my life and broaden my horizon. I would like to do voluntary work, which will make a great contribution to the society .

Translation:
1.目前,英语在高考中是一个备受争议的学科。对此, 不同的人持有不同的观点。

controversial Currently, English is a controversial subject in the College Entrance Examination, about which different people hold different views.
2.我没有及时回信的原因是我一直在准备期末考试。

fail to do

write back

prepare for

The reason why I failed to write back in time is that I had been preparing for the final exam.

Fill in the blanks:
去年暑假,我去乡村做志愿者。在那我看到了辛勤工作 的农民和他们快乐的生活,给我留下了深刻的印象。

Last summer vacation, I did voluntary work in the where I saw hard-working peasants and countryside _____ that their happy life _____made a deep impression on me.
正如上面所提到的,定语从句用处很大。

_____, the Attributive Clause is of great use. As is mentioned above As is known to all = As we all know众所周知 As is often the case 就跟经常的情况一样 As is reported 正如所报道的那样

(As引导非限制性定语从句,可放在主句前中后,“正如”)

Part4.思辨
Our class is a big family, which consists of 40 girls and 25 boys. My best friend is Mr. Cai, whose nickname is “loser”. The reason why I don’t like his nickname is that it deeply hurts him. He lives in Kaifeng, where people can visit lots of scenic spots. I will never forget the days when we used to attend painting lectures together. Two Attributive Clauses are enough in one composition!

1.Review what we have learnt. 2.Describe a person you know, using as many Attributive Clauses as possible.
.


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