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高中英语实验版第3册Unit3阅读课


Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank-Note
教材分析和教材重组 教 材 分 析 本单元的主要内容是根据马克·吐温的名著《百万英镑》改编而成的剧本中的几个片 断。 1. Warming Up 部分提出问题,通过对马克·吐温及其作品的讨论引发学生学习兴趣, 使学生对马克·吐温及其作品有个初浅的了解。 2. Pre-reading 部分要求学生展开想

象,假如自己有了一张百万英镑的钞票会怎么做, 并阐述自己对《百万英镑》这部电影的评价。 3. Reading 部分是剧本中第一幕的第三场。 富商兄弟俩打赌把一张百万英镑钞票给一个 一无所有、诚实可靠的穷人,想看看会发生什么事。最后他们物色到一个穷困潦倒、 流落伦敦街头的美国小伙子 Henry Adams。 教师可以引导学生通过戏剧情节的发展, 了 解、感受戏剧的语言。同时,还可利用剧本的朗诵和表演帮助学生改进语音、语调。 4. Comprehending 部分 Fact or Opinion 的练习和几个形容词的填空练习旨在检测学生对 事实和观点的判断,加强对部分词语在语境中的理解和运用。 5. Learning about Language 部分通过英语释义、语篇填空等形式帮助学习理解掌握本单 元的重点词汇,并通过先发现再简单运用的模式帮助学生了解、掌握本单元的语法项 目:宾语从句和表语从句。 6. Using Language 部分中的 Reading and acting 介绍了第一幕的第四场。这一场生动地 讲述了衣衫褴褛的流浪汉 Henry Adams 到餐馆用餐先遭冷遇,而后由于拿出了一张百 万英镑的大钞又倍受关照的有趣故事。作者用诙谐的笔调讽刺了资本主义社会拜金主 义者的丑陋嘴脸。 7. 在 Listening and writing 中又介绍了第五场,进一步印证了 Henry Adams 诚实正直的 品格。 1. 将 Warming Up, Pre-reading, Reading 与 Comprehending 整合在一起上一节 “阅读课” 。 2. 将 Learning about Language 和 Workbook 的 using words and expressions 及 using structures 整合在一起上一节“语言学习课” 。 3. 将 Using Language 设计为一节包括听说读写在内的“综合技能课(一)。 ” 4. 将 Workbook 的 READING AND LISTENING 和 TALKING 结合在一起上一节 “听说 课” 。 5. 将 Workbook 的 LISTENING TASK, READING AND WRITING TASK 和 SPEAKING TASK 设计为一节“综合技能课(二)。 ” 1st Period 2nd Period 3rd Period th 4 Period 5th Period Reading Language study Integrating skills(Ⅰ) Listening and Speaking Integrating skills(Ⅱ)

教 材 重 组

课 时 分 配

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Part One: Teaching Design (第一部分:教学设计 第一部分: 第一部分 教学设计)
Period 1: A sample lesson plan for reading (SCENES 3, ACT ONE of ?1000000 BANK NOTE)
Aims To help students develop their reading ability To help students learn about English playwriting Procedures I. Warming up by learning vocabulary Today we are going to a theatre. Before we go, we shall get ready with the words and expressions used in the play we are going to watch. Turn to page 98 and go over the vocabulary list. II. Pre-reading Giving background information about Twain Mark Twain, Mark (1835-1910) American writer. Mark Twain once said, "To believe yourself to be brave is to be brave; it is the only essential thing." Twain is famous for "Tom Sawyer," "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," and other books, along with essays, critical work, and more. / Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) is one of the most famous writers in American literature. Twain went to work in 1847 when his father died. He started off as an apprentice to a printer, and from there, he wrote for his brother's newspaper and worked as a riverboat pilot (1857-61). III. Reading 1. Listening 2. Background information 英文大片片名 1.Roman Holiday 罗马假日 2.Waterloo Bridge 魂断蓝桥 3.The Gold Rush 淘金梦 4.Princess Diana 黛安娜王妃 5.Uncle Tom's Cabin 汤姆叔叔的小屋 6.Jane Eyre 简.爱 7.Gone With The Wind 乱世佳人 8.The Modern Times 摩登时代 9.Future World 未来世界 10.Limelight 舞台生涯 11.Forrest Gump 阿甘正传 12.The Sound Of Music 音乐之声 13.The Million Pound Bank Note 百万英镑 14.Titanic 泰坦尼克号 15.Death On The Nile 尼罗河上的惨案 16.Love Story 爱情故事 17.Lion King 狮子王 18.Ghost 人鬼情未了 19.the Prince of Egypt 埃及王子 20.Abraham Lincoln 林肯传 21.Pride and Prejudice 傲慢与偏见 22.Toy Story 玩具总动员 23.True Lies 真实的谎言 24.Jurassic Park 朱罗纪公园 25.Lost World 失落的世界

3. Reading and underlining What would happen to a perfectly honest and intelligent stranger who should be turned adrift in London without a friend, and with no money but a million-pound bank-note, and no way to account for his being in possession of it? Would he starve to death or not? Would he get arrested if
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he tried to change it? Could he live for a month without being sent to jail? Now read the play and underline all the collocations in the passage. You are asked to copy them into your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from ACT ONE of The Million Pound Bank-Note an incredible tale 难以置信的故事, have some very bad luck 非常倒霉, be lost in London 在伦 敦迷路, have no money 身无分文, walk down the street 在街上走, hear … ~ing…听见……正在 做某事, step inside 走进来, a moment 一会儿, through the front door 从前门进来, on one’s left 在某人的左侧, open the door for…给……开门, permit…to do sth.准许……做, ask a few questions 问几个问题, go right ahead 请问吧, have no plans 没有什么计划, find work 找工作, as a matter of fact 其实,事实上, land in Britain 在英国上岸, by accident 偶然, back home 在家时, sail out of the bay 驾船驶出海湾, stare at 眼睛盯着看, towards nightfall 接近傍晚时分, find…~ed 发现某事/某人被……, be carried out to sea 被带到海上, a strong wind 一阵大风, give…up for lost 因迷失而放弃, be spotted by a ship 被一艘海船发现, earn one’s passage by… 通过……赚来某人的游费, work as an unpaid hand 作为一个不拿工资的帮手, account for…说 明理由;足以说明, smile at…相顾而笑, worry about 对……担心, work for…为……工作, offer sb. sth.提供某人某物, a mining company 一家矿业公司, to be honest 老实说, on one’s way 在……的路上, care about…在意……, get… from…从……拿来, call to…叫……来, an honest job 老老实实的工作, show…out 送……出去, in an hour and a half 一个半小时以后 4. Reading, identifying and settling Attention, please! It is time to skim the play one more time and identify the difficult sentences. Try analyzing the structures of the difficult sentences and discuss them among your group members. You may also put your questions to me for help. 5. Reading and transferring Write down all the verb phrases from the text, in order of the events happening to Henry Adams. What does Henry Adams do? step inside, come and sit down… IV. Closing down Closing down by doing exercises In the last five minutes let’s do the comprehension exercises 1 and 2 on page 19. Check your answers against your neighbour’s when you have finished. Closing down by translating To end the period you are going to put the following into English. 百万英镑 The Million Pound Note 富豪之家的两兄弟,从银行取出面额为一百万英镑的钞票,籍以此验证各自的理论。一个认 为,这样一张钞票对穷人毫无价值;另一个认为,仅拥有这样一张钞票(不兑现) ,就可以 过上上等人的生活。他们选中了一个身无分文的年轻人作为试验品。于是,这个小伙子经济 上的突变,引起了生活方式的改变。他人的种种误解,命运的重重转机,他将如何去面对这 突如其来的全新生活呢? Additional Materials Complete the summary of the story with one word in each blank. SCENES 3, ACT ONE of ?1000000 BANK NOTE Henry Adams, an American 1 , one day found himself lost in 2 . In fact, he had his own boat in the 3 of San Francisco, U.S.A. and had been carried out to sea by a strong
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4 while sailing out of the bay. Luckily, he was 5 by a ship bound for Britain and landed there. Hungry and penniless, now he was 6 down the street when he was called into a room, where two brothers were making a bet. Then he was treaded with so many strange 7 —how well do you know about London? how much money do you have?…that he thought they were making fun of him. But later, he was given an 8 with a letter as well as 9 in it and was told not to open until 10 . Although he didn’t quite understand why the two brothers did that, he made it promise to do what they had asked him to and made his way direct to a restaurant after he left the room. (Key: 1. businessman 2. London 3. city 4. wind 5. spotted 6. walking 7. questions 8. envelope 9. money 10. 2 o’clock) Comprehension questions 1. What did happen to Mr. Adams before he land in Britain? A. He just sailed out of the bay for a travel B. He planned to go to Britain by his own boat. C. His boat was broken by a strong wind. His boat was carried out to sea by a strong wind. 2. What does “spot” mean in the text? A. discover B. a point C. a place D. save 3. What did Mr. Adams feel when he heard one of the brothers saying “What luck! Brother! What luck!” ? A. He felt he was lucky, too. B. He thought they laughed at him. C. He was a bit of angry and is ready to leave. He felt the two brothers would help him. 4. What the character did Mr. Adams have according to the passage? A. A young, kind but silly person. B. A young, proud and hard-working man. C. A careful, kind and poor man. D. A young, rich and happy man. 5. What did Mr. Adams ask for from the two brothers? A. A house to stay for a short moment. B. A letter with a bank note worth million pound in it. C. An honest job. D. Charity from the two brothers. (Keys: DACBC) Notes to some difficult sentences 1. A rich person gives you a large amount of money to use as you like. What will you do with if? 一个有钱人给了你一大笔钱让你随意花,你会拿它做些什么? a large amount of 常用于修饰不可数名词,有时也可用于修饰可数名词。如: Now he has a large amount of money. He can do anything he wants with it.现在他有了一大笔钱, 他就可以做他想做的事了。 No amount of lies can cover it up. 再多的谎言也掩盖不了这点。 do with 对待;处理;处置。如: “What have you done with the waste paper?”咱们怎么处理这些废纸。 2. Have you ever made a bet with a friend?If so, what did you bet on? 你和你的朋友打过赌 ? 吗?如果打过,赌的是什么? make a bet 打赌。如: We made a bet on the outcome of the next horse race. 我们就下次赛马的结果打了个赌。 I made a bet that we would win the football match. 我打赌我们会赢那场足球赛。 bet 用作名词,表示 1) agreement to risk money, etc on an event of which the result is doubtful 赌博。 make a bet 类似的短语:have a bet 打赌
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win/ lose a bet 打赌赢/输了 accept/ take up a bet 同意打赌 2) the money, etc risked in this way (金钱等) 赌注。 用作动词,表示: 1)risk (money) on a race or some other event of which the result is doubtful 打赌;赌博。 Mrs. Black spent all her money betting on horses. 布莱克夫人把她所有的钱都花在了赌马上。 2)I bet… = (informal) I’m certain…我肯定。 I bet he’s gone to swimming –he loves it. 我敢肯定他去游泳了,他喜欢这项运动。 3. Have you ever read the story “The Million Pound Band-Note”? 你读过“百万英镑”这个 故事吗? “The Million Pound Band-Note” 《百万英镑》 ,是美国作家马克·吐温的短篇小说。大意是一 个流落伦敦街头的穷光蛋忽然得到了一张百万英镑的钞票,他的生活由此而改变,人们的态 度也随着钞票的得而复失、失而复得而做 180 度的大转弯,讽刺了赤裸裸的拜金主义。 4. Now ladies and gentlemen, you are about to hear the most incredible tale.女士们,先生们, 你们将要听到一个最令人难以置信的故事。 be about to do 正要(即将)做某事 Just as I was about to leave the room, the telephone rang. 我正要离开房间,电话铃响了。 He was about to say something when he saw her winking at him. 他刚要开口,突然看到她在向 自己使眼色。 incredible (adj.) 1) (informal) difficult to believe; amazing or fantastic 难以置信的;不可思议的;惊人的;奇 异的 Sally earns an incredible amount of money in that company. 萨莉在那家公司薪水多的惊人。 The Gates had an incredible (extremely good) holiday in Greece.盖茨一家在希腊度过了一个极 愉快的假日。 2) impossible to believe 不可相信 They told us an incredible story! 他们对我们讲了个不可信的故事! incredibly (adv.) 3) to a great degree; extremely or unusually 非常地;极端地;异乎寻常地 incredibly hot weather 4) in a way that is difficult to believe; amazingly 难以置信地;惊人地 Incredibly, no one had ever thought of such a simple idea before.真是难以置信,这样简单的主意 竟然没有人想到。 5. He is lost in London. 他在伦敦迷了路。 be lost 迷路;倾心于某事。如: He was lost in the forest for three days and nights and was finally rescued by his friends.他迷失在 树林里三天三夜,最后被朋友们救了出来。 He was lost in reading his book that he forget the time of his train.他看书入了神,把上火车的时 间都忘了。 6. Permit me to lead the way, sir.先生,请让我来带路吧。 permit sb.to do sth. =allow sb to do sth. 准许……做某事 如: Will you permit us to use this room for a meeting this afternoon? 你能准许我们今天下午在这个 房间开个会吗? Permit me to explain it.容我解释一下。

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She won’t permit her dogs to enter this yard. 她不允许她的狗进这个院子。 但要注意“准许做某事”应当是 permit doing, 不是 permit to do。如: The rules of the club don’t permit smoking. 俱乐部的规矩是不允许吸烟。 permit sth. =allow sth. to exist, happen, or to be done (very formal)许可、容许(某事物)存在、 发生或被(某人)做(非常正式) The prisoners were permitted two hours’ outdoor exercise a day. 犯人每天允许有两个小时的户 外运动。 7. I wonder, Mr. Adams, if you’d mind us asking a few questions. 亚当斯先生, 不知你是否介 意我们问几个问题。 I wonder whether (if ) you…是表示委婉请求的句式,用于较为正式的场合。译为:不知您是 否…… … whether (if) you mind us asking a few questions 在句中作 wonder 的宾语从句,该句中的 (mind us)asking a few questions 为动名词的复合结构在句中能做动词 mind 的宾语。 “名词所有格/形容词性物主代词+doing”为动名词(-ing 形式)的复合结构,该结构在句中 能做主语、表语和宾语。 用作主语: Sophia’s having seen them did not surprise us. 索菲亚看见了他们,这并不使我们感到惊讶。 用作宾语: Excuse my interrupting you. 请原谅我打断你的话。 用作表语: What worried the child most was his not being allowed to visit his mother in the hospital. 使那孩 子焦虑不安的是不允许他到医院探望他的妈妈。 在现代英语中,动名词复合结构用作宾语时,其名词多用通格,形容词性物主代词也多用代 词的宾格。mind us asking…就属这种情况。再如: I hate people being unhappy. 我不意人们不快乐。 Please say noting about us calling. 请不要(对别人)说我们来拜访的事。 8. As a matter of fact, I landed in Britain by accident.事实上,我在英国上岸是偶然的。 as a matter of fact=in fact 实际上;事实上。如: He appears to be in very good health but as a matter of fact,he suffers from a weak heart. 他好象 很健康,实际上他的心脏很不好。 I didn’t go to the club yesterday. As a matter of fact, I haven’t been there for a long time. 我昨天 没有去俱乐部,实际上,我已很长时间没有去那里了。 by accident 偶然地。如: By accident, he found the place where his brother had hidden the treasure. 他偶然发现了他弟弟 藏宝藏的地方。 9.About a month ago I was sailing out of the bay—(his eyes stare at what is left of the — brothers’ dinner on the table) 大约一个月前,我扬帆驶出了海湾—(他的眼睛盯在桌子上兄 弟俩剩下的残羹剩菜上。 ) stare at 盯着瞧,凝视。如: It is not polite to stare at other people.盯着看别人是不礼貌的。 Don’t stare at me! I am not to blamed! 别盯着我!不该怪我! 10. The next morning I’d about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二 天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。 spot 做动词时有“认出”的意思。如: He is very tall and can be easily spotted in the crowed. 他很高,在人群中一眼就能看见。

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The thief was spotted by the police as he was leaving the bank. 那小偷离开银行时被警察发现 了。 11. And it was the ship that brought you to England. 正是那艘船把你带到了英国。 该句为强调句,其句型为“It was +被强调的部分+that +句子的剩余部分” 。 It was in this room that Lu Xun once lived. 这就是鲁迅生前曾经住过的房间。 Was it because his mother was ill that he didn’t go to school? 他不来上学是因为他妈妈病了 吗? When was it that the club was set up? 这个俱乐部的成立是什么时候? 12. I earned my passage by working as an unpaid band, which accounts for my appearance. 我是作为一个不拿工资的帮手赚来我的船费的,这就是我为什么会衣冠不整的原因了。 该句中 which accounts for my appearance 是非限定性定语从句,which 代表了前面的整个句 子。 earn one’s passage 挣取旅费。如: He couldn’t afford the fare, and so he had to earn his passage by doing jobs on the ship. 他交不起 船费,只得靠在船上做些零活来挣取路费。 account for : be the explanation of sth.; explain the cause of sth 做某事的解释;解释某事物的原 因。 His illness accounts for his absence. 他因病缺席。 Please account for your own conduct. 请你对自己的行为作出解释。 13. Well, to be honest, I have none. 哦,老实说,我一分钱都没有了。 to be honest 老实说;说实话。如: I wouldn’t buy that house, to be honest. It’s too close to the main road.说实话, 我不会去买那所房 子。它离大路太近。 To be honest, red is not your colour. 说实话,你穿红色不好看。 14. It’ll cost a tiny bit. 这得多花点儿钱啦。 a tiny bit 不多;很少。课文中用的是讽刺语,意为“得破费些钱” 。 15. Well, we will have to take a chance. 哦,我们要赌一把了。 take a/ the/ chance/ chances 碰运气;冒风险。如: We mustn’t take chances. We’d better play safe. 我们不要冒险,我们最好求稳。 We decided to take a chance on the weather and have the party outdoors. 我们决定与老天爷赌一 把,在户外聚会。 【高考链接】 高考链接】 宾语从句 宾语从句在句中作及物动词或介词(如 except,but,besides 等)的宾语。 I know nothing about her except that she lives next door. 我只知道她住在隔壁房间。 注: (1)主句的谓语是 make,find,see,hear 等,且带有复合宾语时,可把宾语从句置于宾补 之后,用 it 作形式宾语。 I find it necessary that we practice spoken English every day. 我发现每天练习英语口语是必要的。 (2)许多描述情感的形容词(happy,glad,afraid,pleased,sorry,surprised 等) ,或表示 确信无疑的形容词(certain,sure 等)后可带宾语从句。 I’m afraid (that)we’ve sold out of tickets. 对不起,我们的票已经卖完了。

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(3)在表思想和感觉的动词(believe,imagine,suppose,think,expect 等)之后,可以把 从句上的否定形式转移到这些谓语动词上来。 I don't believe she’ll arrive before 7. 我不相信她会在 7 点以前到达。 二、直接引语和间接引语。 直接引语——引述别人的原话,放在引号内。 间接引语——用自己的话转述别人的意思,不用引号,常用宾语从句表达。 (1)陈述句变为以 that(常可省略)引导的宾语从句。 He said, am very glad.”他说: “I “我很高兴。 ” He said that he was very glad.他说他很高兴。 (2)一般疑问句变为以 if(whether)引导的宾语从句。一般地,if 和 whether 引导宾语从 句时可换用。 I don't know whether(if) you can help me.我不知道你是否能帮助我。 但下列情况一般用 whether,不用 if。 1)后面紧跟 or not 时。 Mary asked me whether or not she should come.玛丽问我她是否应该来。 2)介词之后时。 She was worried about whether she passed the exam 她担心考试是否及格了。 3)动词 discuss、argue 等之后时。 We discussed