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英语必修五第一单元unit


U nit 1 Revision

Word spelling: 1. Madame Curie devoted herself to scientific _______ research. (科学) analysing 2. By________ (分析)the evidence, we can find out who should be respon

sible ___________(责任) for the accident. 3. After they had studied for years, they announced _________ (宣布)with certainty that they found out the reason. defeated 4. I think AIDS can be ________ (击败)by man in a few years’ time. cautious 5. Many people are _______ (谨慎)about polluted the ________water.(污染)

6. They __________ lots of food and clothing contributed to these homeless people.(捐献) attending 7. She is busy________ (照料)her father in hospital. 8. Confidence is one of the characteristics of all ____________ successful businessmen.(特点) 9. Schools must meet the _________ (挑战)of challenge the new technology. 10.Loose clothing can give you greater freedom of _________.(活动) movements

severe 11. The ______ rainstorm contributed to a great loss.(严重的) 12. What can be _________ from these concluded observations?(推断出) 13. Why did she do that? That would hurt victim the ______(受害者)deeply. absorb 14. They found it difficult to ______ (吸收) the lesson in one hour. 15. We should try to find a better way to handle _______ (处理)this situation. 16. If he had not foreseen (预见)the _______ disaster, no one would be alive now.

17. There are three restaurants in my neighborhood ____________.(附近) enthusiastic 18. Become the most positive and ___________ person you know. (热情的) 19. The manager rejected (拒绝)our _______ application. 20. The strongest force in the universe ________(宇宙) is love!

put forward 1.提出 draw a conclusion 2.得出结论 make a decision 3.作出决定 cure sb of cancer 4.治愈某人的癌症 face/ meet the challenge 5.迎接挑战 be absorbed in 6.专心于,忙于 7.怀疑某人做…… suspect sb of (doing)sth blame sb for sth 8.因…而责备某人 blame sth on sb 9.把…归咎于某人 10.应该被责备,应负责任 be to blame

11.指导某人做某事 12.捐献,投稿 13.有助于,导致 14.除…之外,此外 15.燃放烟花 16.对…有积极的态度 17.对….很严格 18.讲得通,有意义 19.随着….的发展 20.冲洗胶卷 21.使….暴漏于 22.问题的处理方法

instruct sb to do sth contribute sth to sth contribute to apart from set off fireworks have a positive attitude to be strict with sb make sense with the development of develop the film expose….to…. the solution to

22.一….就…..

23.被…..感染/传染 24.做进一步调查 25.减速/加速 26.一种致命疾病 27.把….与..联系起来 28.确定,肯定(状语) 29.有时 时不时的
30.致力于 31.搜集信息

the moment/ minute immediately as… soon as be infected with make further investigations slow down/ speed up a deadly disease link ….to…… with certainty at times from time to time work on gather information

32.鼓励某人做某事 激励某人做某事 33.以…为基础
34.用…..替代….. 35.精通…… 36.正在建设中 37.正在讨论/袭击/修理

encourage sb to do inspire sb to do be based on on the basis of replace A with B be expert in/ at have a good knowledge of be under construction
be under discussion/ attack/ repair

38. 总的来说 老实说

确切地说
严格的说

generally speaking honestly speaking to be honest exactly speaking to be exact strictly speaking

1.每次考试的时候我总很紧张(一开始考试我就紧张) every time/each time I’m always very nervous _________________ I take an exam. immediately/the moment I felt nervous _________________________ the exam began. 2. 英语提高如此困难以至我想放弃了。 so that Improving English is ___ hard ____ I want to give up. 3. 这个问题老师重复了5遍我才弄明白了 didn’t until I ______ understand the question _____ the teacher repeated it five times. 4. 老师建议我们每天记单词来扩大enlarge词汇量。 remember suggests The teacher _________ that we ___________some words to enlarge our vocabulary. 5. 现在孩子脾气差家长应该受到责备。 to blame for Parents are ___________children’s bad temper nowadays.

练习 1.Most of the people___to the party were famous scientists. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. inviting 2. The speaker spoke so loudly in order to have his voice _____. A. to be heard B. hear C. hearing D. heard 3. It’s not ____ that you are ____. After all, you didn’t go to bed until 12 last night. A. surprising, tired B. surprising, tiring C. surprised, tiring D. surprised, tired 4. The question _____ at yesterday’s meeting hasn’t been made ______ yet. A. discussing, known B. discussed, known C. being discussed, know D. to be discussed, know

5. I saw her ____ at the windows, _____. A. seating, thought B. sitting, thought C. sat, thinking D. seated, thinking 6. The door remained ____. I didn’t know where he had gone. A. closed B. closing C. close D. to be closed 7. The boy ____ himself in the corner with his back ____ to his father. A. seat, turning B. seating, turned C. seated, turn D. seated, turned 8. ---What’s the main purpose of tonight’s meeting? ---We are going to talk about the problem ____ at the last meeting. A. mentioned B. having been mentioned C. being discussed D. having discussed

.单项填空
1.—Do you like to buy the product an B on TV? —Not really.I think it’s better to look before we leap. A.advises C.announces ?解析 B.suggests D.praises advertisement

此题考查词义辨析。电视广告自然是“暗

示”(suggest)人们买产品。advise建议;
announce宣布;praise赞扬,均不符合句意。

2.The official involved in the scandal said he was under A.control C.pressure 解析 C to make the false statement to the police. B.influence D.effort

此题考查介词短语的区别。under

pressure在??的压力下;under control被控制
住;under influence在??影响下;effort多与 with搭配。由题意可知,C项符合要求。

3.—Johnson,come and look at the sea!It’s
beautiful,isn’t it?? —Absolutely!If only I B here by the sea. A.had lived B.lived? C.live ?解析 D.will live if only要是??就好了;但愿,用以表示

对现在、未来的愿望,或者与过去事实相反的愿 望。根据题意可知,这是现在的愿望,所以B项

正确。

4.—Please B us in the discussion.? —I’d like to,but I’m busy at the moment.? A.attend;too B.join;much too? C.take part in;much too D.join;too much 解析 attend指参加会议、婚礼、典礼、上学、 上课、听报告等较为正式的场合;join指加入某 一组织并成为其中一员;join in指参加活动,常 用作join sb.in+活动;take part in指参加某项 活动并在其中起一定作用;much too后接形容词 或者副词,表示“太??”。故只有B项符合题意。

5.The workers will go on strike if the
demands they down.? A.could C./ ?解析 B.would D.had the demands后接定语从句,从句中的谓语 C put forward are turned

是put for ward,是一般过去时态,所以在put forward前不再用情态动词。

6.I feel it is your husband that
spoiled child. A.is to blame B.is going to blame? C.is to be blamed D.should blame? 解析

A

for the

考查强调句型及be to blame某人或某物该

受责备。

7. C

to sunlight for too much time will do

harm to your skin.? A.Exposed B.Having exposed? C.Being exposed D.After being exposed? 解析 句意为:在太阳下暴晒太久会对你的皮肤 不好。只有B、C两项能作主语但B项不合题意。

8.That day Tom lost control B himself and hit Jack,but later Tom made an apology.?
A.with C.under 解析 发脾气。 B.of D.in?

lose control of oneself某人失去控制/

9.Tom suggested that we D such a meeting, but Jenny insisted that it of great importance.? A.not hold;should be B.didn’t hold;be? C.hold;was D.not hold;was? 解析 考查suggest,insist后接宾语从句的用法。 suggest表示“建议”,insist表示“坚持认 为”,后接宾语从句用虚拟语气,即(should)+动 词原形;suggest表示“暗示,表明”;insist表 示“坚持一种事实”,后接宾语从句用陈述语气。 句意为:Tom建议我们不开这个会议,但Jenny坚 持说这很重要。

10.He went from door to door, D and magazines.? A.storing C.asking 解析 B.grasping

waste paper

D.collecting?

collecting作伴随状语,意为“收集”。

11.As a college student,you must try to B
the questions independently.? A.absorb B.analyse

C.debate
?

D.reject

12.I don’t think it
day.?

B to stay up late in the night and sleep until midday the next A.make a difference B.makes good sense? C.makes trouble D.make profit 解析 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:我认为晚上

熬夜,睡到第二天中午才起床是不明智的。make
sense有意义;明智;合乎情理,故选B项。

13.His son is very naughty and has formed
some bad habits.I think he should A.cure them of him B.cure him of them? C.cure them off him D.cure him off them 解析 cure sb.of sth.治好某人的??,且还可 引申为“纠正某人的??”。后半句意为:我认 B .?

为他应该把他儿子的那些不良习惯纠正过来。

14.—When did he leave the meeting room??
—He left C you turned back to drink some water. ?

A.for the moment B.at the moment? C.the moment D.in a moment 解析 本题考查the moment名词短语引导时间状

语从句。the moment一??就??,相当于as
soon as。for the mo ment暂时;at the moment 在那时,都不能引导时间状语从句。

15.I threatened to report the taxi driver for
illegally B a passenger,but he pointed at his “Not for Hire” sign and drove away. A.resisting B.rejecting C.reducing D.removing 解析 reject拒绝接受;resist抵抗;反对;

reduce减少;remove去掉;由语境中“Not for
Hire”可知空格处意为“拒绝接受”,故应选B项。
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