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Unit 9 Ambition


Unit 9

Ambition

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Ambition: Why Some People Are Most Likely to Succeed

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http://www.time.com/time/magazine/ar ticle/0,9171,1126746,00.html

The essence of ambition http://cms.ihrsa.org/index.cfm/fuseaction /page.viewpage/pageid/18133
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HiFi Personal Fitness
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1030 W. North Ave. #300, Chicago
Gregg Shipp credits much of the success of HiFi, a Lincoln Park personal training studio that he co-owns with his twin brother Drew, to luck. But he's just being modest. In business for more than 13 years, HiFi is better defined as a boutique gym rather than a personal training studio. Instead of making a nominal fee off of a pre-set rate, trainers pay HiFi to rent its space and set their own rates for clients. The 10,000-square-foot studio is full of bright colors and tons of open floor space for functional fitness workouts. Shipp says the privacy and relaxed atmosphere is a big draw for local chefs and celebrities. HiFi has smaller locker rooms, each with two showers, and also offers massage, facials and waxings and free parking. Prices vary based on the trainer, but package deals are always the cheaper way to go.

Difference in ambition
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Some people are born with a fire in the belly. Some need something to get their pilot light lit. Others never get the flame of ambition going.

Difference in ambition
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Genes Gender Region Generation Social classes

Difference in ambition (Simonton)
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Energy --- Determination --- goals Having goals, no energy: winding up sitting on the couch, saying ‘One day I’m going to build a better mousetrap.’ Having energy , no goals: dissipate themselves in one desultory project after the next.

Difference in ambition
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Genes Experiences in infancy Subsequent upbringing Other imponderables

Measuring of ambition
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Family: poor struggling but getting by upper middle class, rich Culture me-first culture

Fraternity
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A group of men belonging to a religious organization, living together under a certain set of rules Any association of people having work, interests, etc., in common: He’s a member of

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the medical fraternity. fml the state of being brothers; brotherly

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feeling (at some American universities) a club of men students usu. Living in the same house Sorority

Fraternal twins
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Identical twins Fraternal twins Twin brothers Twin sisters

Drive n.
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A forceful quality of mind or spirit that gets things done: He’s clever but he won’t succeed

because he lacks drive.
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Determination Effort

Temper n
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Fly/get into a temper Keep one’s temper Lose one’s temper Out of temper (fml)

-tempered
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Having a temper of the stated kind

Bad-tempered Good-tempered

Temper v.
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To bring (metal, clay, etc.) to the desired degree of hardness or firmness by special treatment: Steel is tempered

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by heating and being put suddenly in cold water. To soften; make less severe: justice tempered with mercy

Temperament n.
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A person’s nature, esp. as it influences how he thinks, behaves, or acts in general:

Many actors have excitable temperaments. Whether a person likes Venice or not depends largely on temperament.

Temperamental a.
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Caused by one’s nature

I have a temperamental dislike of sports
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Having or showing frequent changes of temper

The actress was so temperamental that many people refused to work with her.

roam
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To walk around freely and with no particular aim

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Roam about / around / over, etc. Roam the streets / desert / hills, etc.

wander
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To walk around with no particular aim and in no particular direction, esp in a place you do not know or when you are lost

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Wander about / around / through, etc. Wander the street / hills / town etc.

stroll
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To walk for pleasure in a slow and relaxed way

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stroll along / through / across etc I strolled along the beach with the warm sun on my face.

ramble
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Walk for pleasure with no special destination, esp. in the countryside

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They spent the morning rambling in the woods.

amble
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To walk in a slow and relaxed way, especially when you are going a short distance, or not going anywhere in particular.

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Amble across / along / towards etc. An old man appeared from behind the house and ambled across the yard.

Smart
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AmE good at learning and

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understanding things quickly Laura’s smart and she has plenty of ambition. She’s sure to get a good job.

Brilliant
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being extremely intelligent and extremely successful at what they do

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Mozart was such a brilliant musician that he astounded the whole musical world.

Intelligent
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Having a high level of natural mental ability so that you are good at thinking about and understanding things

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Some scientists claim that dolphins are more intelligent than humans.

Ingenious
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Having or showing cleverness at making or inventing things Ingenuous (of people and their acts) simple, direct, and inexperienced

An ingenious person / idea / toy
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Too ingenuous in believing what people say

paraphrase
1. You don’t get as successful as Gregg and Drew Shipp by accident.
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To become as successful as Gregg and Drew Shipp is not accidental / no accident. If you want to be successful like G & D; you have to work really hard / you cannot just try your luck.

2. By the time they got out of school, both Shipps had entirely transformed themselves.
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When they graduated, the Shipp brothers were totally different from what they had previously been.

3. Of all the impulses in humanity’s behavioral portfolio, ambition --- that need to grab an ever bigger piece of the resource pie before someone else gets it --- ought to be one of the most democratically distributed.

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Just as other human’s behavioural impulses, ambition should be equally distributed among people. However, it is something which always stimulates people to always get a bigger share of the world’s resources more quickly than others.

4. But even if something as primal as the reproductive impulse wires you one way, it’s possible for other things to rewire you completely.

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Although you may be bound by such primal instincts as the reproductive impulse, you are also very likely to be strongly influenced by other factors.

5. The U.S. has always been a me-first culture.
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In the U.S. culture, the Americans always value the interests of individuals.

6. Like any investment, it can pay off in countless different kinds of coin.
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Like any investment, ambition can produce wealth in innumerable different ways.

1. 世人欲成功须努力发奋,夜以继日。 (bestir oneself) ? If a man/person wants to be successful / succeed in his/her career, he/she has to bestir him/herself and work hard day and night.

2. 他出于一时冲动让那个陌生人搭了车。 (impulse)
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He followed his impulse and gave the stranger a lift.

3. 他心里充满了负罪感,耻辱和尴尬。 (consume)
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Guilt, shame and embarrassment consumed him. He was consumed with guilt, shame and embarrassment.

4. 她设法使好朋友戒掉吸食毒品。(wean sb off sth)
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She managed to wean her good friend off drugs/from taking drugs.

5. 他在失败面前没有气馁。(in the presence of) ? He didn’t get discouraged in the

presence of failure.

6. 瓶中之酒不解渴。(quench thirst)
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Wine in the bottle does not quench the thirst.

7. 不要再浪费你的精力。(dissipate) ? Don’t dissipate your energy any more.

8. 精心研究几部书胜过随意地读许多书。 (desultory)
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The careful study of a few books is better than the desultory reading of many.


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