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Canada 5.1


Unit 5

Social & Cultural Life

Learning Objectives
Be informed of the welfare service in Canada ?Understand the present education in Canada ?Know Canada’s polic

ies of Bilingualism and Multiculturalism ?Be familiar with the environmental issues in Canada ?Have a general idea about the popular sports and major festivals in Canada
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Why is Canadian society regarded as

a ―mosaic‖ of cultures?

Chief form of Canadian

Welfare service

Extensive and expensive social welfare system Pensions
disability protection unemployment insurance child benefits maternity welfare [m?'t??n?ti] subsidized housing free medical care

Employed and self-employed persons Interests and contributions of the invested funds

Pension Plan: receive pension when reaches
retirement age 加拿大养老金大体分为三个部分 1.OAS(Old Age Security)老年保障金 2.CPP(Canadian Pension Plan)加拿大养老金 --pay as you go 3.RRSP(Registered Retirement Saving Plan)退休储 蓄 --- private saving plan

Chief form of Canadian

Welfare service

Extensive and expensive social welfare system
Pensions

disability protection
unemployment insurance child benefits maternity welfare [m?'t??n?ti] subsidized housing free medical care

Chief form of Canadian

Welfare service

Extensive and expensive social welfare system
Pensions disability protection

unemployment insurance
child benefits maternity welfare [m?'t??n?ti] subsidized housing free medical care

unemployment insurance
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如果加拿大居民(绿卡或者公民)在一年中 连续工作了半年,因为失业、患病、生孩子 或领养孩子而不能继续工作,通过全国性的 就业保险计划便能获得此项临时收入。现行 政策规定,在过去一年中连续工作910小时 ,失业了即可领到这笔钱,通常是你原月薪 的56%,可连续拿十个月。申请补助须到加 拿大政府就业中心,也就是办理社会保险卡 (SIN CARD)的地方。注意有几种情况你 将拿不到失业金,一是由于你犯严重错误而 被老板开除,二是由于你自动辞职

Chief form of Canadian

Welfare service

Extensive and expensive social welfare system
Pensions disability protection unemployment insurance

child benefits
maternity welfare [m?'t??n?ti]
subsidized housing free medical care

child benefits
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牛奶金 Child Tax Benefit ? 在加拿大,每个小孩从一出生,一直到18岁,都可以每月领取这 笔补助,多少则是根据父母去年的收入而定的,当然,个别收入 较高的家庭就无此待遇了,设立这笔补助的目的,一是想帮助收 入低的家庭,二是鼓励大家多生孩子。 托儿补助金 Child Care Subsidy ? 在加拿大,6 岁前小孩的学前教育是自费的,而且费用很贵。一 个小孩的月托费要600-800加币,很多低收入家庭因此无力把小孩 送去接受早期教育,因此政府就专门拨款成立托儿补助金。政府 根据申请人的具体情况,有时补贴一半,有时全额补助。注意, 这笔钱直接支付给孩子所就读的幼儿园。申请这笔钱要排队,所 以应尽可能早去报名。有人说,我们俩都没工作,应优先。错! 正相反,政府认为你们既然能呆在家里,自己教育孩子应没问题 。他们优先考虑的是那些夫妻都在工作或学习且收入很少的家庭.

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Family allowance Act of 1944: parents with children receive monthly allowance

Chief form of Canadian

Welfare service

Extensive and expensive social welfare system
Pensions disability protection unemployment insurance child benefits maternity welfare [m?'t??n?ti]

subsidized housing
free medical care

Health Care systems of Provinces must meet the following Criteria:
1. 2.

3.
4. 5.

Public administration Comprehensive benefits Universality Portability Accessibility

Tax sources (33% of provincial governments budgets)

Medicare system

Crisis

Education - general view
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Public education is free to all citizens and permanent residents up to the

secondary school.
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In Canada, the ten provinces and three territories are responsible for elementary, secondary and postsecondary (university) education with no national or federal department of education. As a result, Canada has educational systems

between different provinces, but almost similar to each other.
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Degrees from Canadian universities are considered equivalent to those from America and other Commonwealth universities. Students do not have to pass

a university exam, but need to achieve a minimum level in their final exam at secondary school.



Elementary and Secondary Education free schooling (age 5- grade 12)

Higher Education– university education 加拿大大学多采用学分制( Credit System)。 加拿大高等教育普及率已达到 45%,居世界前列。 Major Universities Laval University The University of Toronto


Education

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1 Laval University is the oldest institution in Canada to offer higher education in French. 2 The University of Toronto, the largest university in Canada. 4 Prime Ministers and two Governor Generals graduated from this university. It also boasts most Nobel Prize winning graduates among Canadian universities.

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The University of Toronto

1:加拿大的初中两年, 加拿大高中四年 2:选课无固定标准 必选的:英语,法语,数学,科学,地理/历史,体育,技术(修车,水管学,做 饭等等。 )。 同时,学生们必须再从以下四门课里选择其中的一门或者两门:乐器学习 (Instrumental Music),唱歌(Vocal Music),美术(Art),表演(Drama)。每 过一门课给一个学分。 十年级以后可选的课就更多了,从几何,代数到物理,化学到素描,等三百多门 课。 3:没有班的概念,每一门课的同学都不一样,上学时间,午饭时间也不一样。 由于每个人选的课不一样,因此班的概念就没了,

4:放学时间很早,鼓励学生们进行课外活动. 下午2:45就放学了,但是大部分 学生都在4点多才走,因为学校提供很多课外活动。(一些课外活动还能够拿学 分)

5:学校不仅仅看重学习 学生们毕业时都至少要做40小时的社会服务(当义工)才能够毕业。并且体育, 艺术等方面不好的学生好大学都不招收。 6:成绩衡量的不仅仅是知识的掌握程度 根据老师的打分标准,知识的掌握仅仅占20%的分。态度,团队工作能力,等方 面占成绩的80%。也就是说,就算你什么都不会,你也能够拿80分。 而且考试的重要性很低,每份作业都记分。也就是说“突击”是根本没有用的。 7:没有高考,大学的招收要通过多个方面决定 大学的招收先要看这个学生上过哪些课,再看他的成绩,但是他的社会服务的时 间,和参加的课外活动也要看。

Home Stay

Clubs in College ( 校园协会进行时)
Q: What kind of club do you wanna join?
Tips Choosing the right club
relating to your major ? enrich experience ? working with ones who are sharing the same values
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Environmental Issues
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The earliest environmental protectionists in Canada were

peoples

the aboriginal protecting forests

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At the very beginning, the Canadian government focused on

and grasslands
Later,

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Land and cultural sites became the targets of protection in succession. the

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Since the 1960s, the Canadian government has concentrated its attention on

balance of ecology.

Essay Question
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Discuss the efforts made by the Canadian government to protect environment.

环保面面观

中国 ? 欧美 ? 亚洲—— 日本
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加拿大的垃圾分类回收
政府规定,垃圾必须分类,不然拒绝回收。另外每个月都要交垃圾回收费,不同 的垃圾回收的周期不一样,
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这里的垃圾一共分成六类,常见的是头四种:
绿盒子是用来回收常见的厨房垃圾的, 包括蔬菜叶子、烂水果、骨头、各种 酱等等;

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蓝盒子回收各种可以再利用的垃圾,比如报纸呀,书啊,塑料瓶子呀;
黑袋子回收各种无法再利用的垃圾,比如塑料袋、一次性的盘子、玩具等。 黄色纸袋子装的是花园的垃圾,比如剪下来的草,掉下来的叶子等。

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下图是8月份收垃圾的日程表,基本上蓝色和绿色每周都收,黑 袋子和黄纸袋两周一次,大件家具一个月一次。

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Bilingualism
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1763 <the treaty of Paris> 后, 采取 同化政策(assimilation) 鼓励 Francophone to Anglophone 美国独立战争时期 采取 包容政策 容许 法国语言,宗教,文化和各种制度的存在

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1867 BNA , 明确规定了加拿大是双语国家 interlude 1* interlude 2 *
20世纪 50-60年代 进一步推进 双语法律和双语政策

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The Official Languages Act was passed in 1969.
French and English official languages

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In 1971, the Canadian government adopted a policy of

multiculturalism.
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in 1988, the Canadian Multiculturalism Act was passed

Food
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The favorite food of Canadians vary slightly from region to region, and are strongly influenced by their family heritage, especially in relation to holiday celebrations. Along the Atlantic coast, seafood and dishes derived from English traditions (except in Quebec) are common. In Quebec, favorite foods come from the area's French heritage. Throughout Canada, maple syrup and maple products are popular.

普丁():一种浇上香纯奶酪汁的土豆条。

奶油馅饼

加拿大的用膳習慣
1.smoking area and non-smoking area ? 2. to tip the waiter ? 3. no wasting food ? 4. don’t make noise when eating ? 5. dessert ? 6. how to eat bread ? 7. something about table setting
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1.

2.

3.

parts of a meal: starter British English, appetizer American English (the first course) main course/entree ['?ntrei] especially AmE, side dish (eaten with the main course) dessert also pudding or sweet British English (sweet food eaten at the end of the meal)

Step 1 Grab a roll from a bread basket and put it on your bread plate. ? Step 2 Break off a small piece of bread with your fingers. If you like butter, put some on a the small piece. If there are bowls of butter, use the provided spoon to put a dollop on your bread plate.
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How to eat bread

How to eat bread
Step 3 Continue to eat your bread in bite-size pieces. Avoid cutting pieces that require more than one bite to eat since you always want to be prepared for conversation. You can't do that with a mouthful of food.
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Don’t fetch food from other people’s plate.

The Table Setting

Dinner Fork

Soup Spoon Dessert Spoon Butter Knife

Salad Fork Dinner Knife

How to place the fork and knife on the plate after having the dinner?

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加拿大的「三不」飲食
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1.不吃熱食 2.不排桌席

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3.不設菸酒

不吃熱食
熱食是中國飲食文化的一大特色,一般是現 燒現炒趁熱吃,弄幾碟冷盤,也只是供飲酒 時用。而加拿大的飲食文化則是喜歡吃冷食 ,這種冷食不同於我們的冷盤菜餚。

不排桌席
中國人請親戚朋友來家中聚餐,都是有桌席 安排的,並且客人們坐位次序還有講究, 有尊長老幼之分。在加拿大,宴請是不安 排桌席的。通常是客人們手拿一次性塑料 餐盒和叉子,一個個排在擺滿飯菜的台前 ,然後自己動手隨意選取自己喜愛吃的食 物和菜餚,最後自找地方用餐 ,展示了飲 食文化多姿多彩。

不設菸酒
18歲以上的人方可買酒,而烈性白酒則被 禁止出賣。另外,餐廳、酒吧只可以在早 上11時到凌晨的1時賣酒,飲酒者只能在領 有酒牌的地方或住宅內喝酒。在這些地方 以外飲酒都是違法的。

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Religion Catholicism ? Protestantism
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(Media)

主要英文报纸(English Newspapers):
《多伦多星报》The Toronto Star 《环球邮报》The Globe and Mail

● 主要法文报纸(French Newspapers):
《蒙特利尔日报》Le Journal De Montreal

Media

主要杂志(Magazines): 《麦克林斯》MacLean’s 《新闻周刊》News Weekly ● 主要广播公司(Broadcasting Company):

加拿大广播公司 CBC

Canadian popular culture

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Canadian musicians that have become
an important part of English-Canadian pop culture

Barenaked Ladies
裸体淑女合唱团

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Our whole universe was in a hot dense state, Then nearly fourteen billion years ago expansion started. Wait… The Earth began to cool, The autotrophs began to drool, Neanderthals developed tools, We built a wall (we built the pyramids), Math, science, history, unravelling the mysteries, That all started with the big bang! ―Since the dawn of man‖ is really not that long, As every galaxy was formed in less time than it takes to sing this song. A fraction of a second and the elements were made. The bipeds stood up straight, The dinosaurs all met their fate, They tried to leap but they were late And they all died (they froze their asses off) The oceans and pangea See ya, wouldn’t wanna be ya Set in motion by the same big bang!

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It all started with the big BANG! It’s expanding ever outward but one day It will cause the stars to go the other way, Collapsing ever inward, we won’t be here, it wont be hurt Our best and brightest figure that it’ll make an even bigger bang! Australopithecus would really have been sick of us Debating out while here they’re catching deer (we’re catching viruses) Religion or astronomy, Encarta, Deuteronomy It all started with the big bang!

Music and mythology, Einstein and astrology It all started with the big bang! It all started with the big BANG!

The Big Bang 主题曲

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出生日期:1965年8月28日 出生地:安大略省蒂明斯市

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不但歌美,人也美,生完小孩后风采依然有人称她是有史以来最漂亮 的乡村女歌手。随着音乐旅程的延续,仙妮亚-唐恩不断创造出骄人的 传奇,而最新的一页就记载在《UP!》这张专辑里。虽然已经拥有天
后级地位,仍然试图创新求变、自我突破。

Avril Lavigne

出生日期:1984年9月27日

她的唱腔炫耀似的活力四射,她的嗓音一如水晶般清澈, 而她的歌词更是流露出纯粹的女性风格。 她有一个爆发力十足的灵魂,狂野不羁的宣言“我要穿出本色, 做出本色,唱出本色”让歌迷疯狂。

Major Holidays and Festivals
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Boxing Day Christmas Day Remembrance Day Thanksgiving Day Labor Day Canada Day Victoria Day Easter Monday Good Friday New Year’s Day
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January 1 Friday before Easter Monday after Easter Monday before May 25 July 1 1st Monday in Sept. 2nd Monday in October November 11 December 25 December 26

Good Friday

E A S T E R

Easter Monday

July 1st

CANADA DAY
Also called

Fê te du Canada(French).
Previously named, Dominion Day

Observed by

Canadians Fireworks, parades, barbecues, concerts, carnivals, fairs, picnics...

Celebrations

Date Frequency

July 1. Next time 1 July 2014 annual

WHEN
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Under the federal Holidays Act, Canada Day is observed on July 1, unless that date falls on a Sunday, in which case July 2 is the statutory holiday, although celebratory events generally take place on July 1, even though it is not the legal holiday.
If it falls on a Saturday, any businesses normally closed that day will generally dedicate the following Monday as a day off.

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WHY
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Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada) is the national day of Canada, a federal statutory holiday celebrating the anniversary of the July 1, 1867, enactment of the British North America Act, 1867(today called the Constitution Act, 1867), which united three colonies into a single country called Canada within the British Empire. Originally called Dominion Day(French: Le Jour de la Confédération), the holiday was renamed in 1982, the year the Canada Act was passed. Canada Day observances take place throughout Canada as well as among Canadians internationally.

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Most communities across the country will host organized celebrations for Canada Day, usually outdoor public events, such as parades, carnivals, festivals, barbecues, air and maritime shows, fireworks, and free musical concerts, as well as citizenship ceremonies for new citizens.

Celebrations

Parades

The Snowbirds on Canada Day celebrations in Ottawa

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge at the official Canada Day celebration in Ottawa, 2011

Canada Day Fireworks

1st Monday in Sept

2nd Monday in October

Thanksgiving

October 31st
H A L L O W E E N

Remembrance day

December 25th

Merry Christmas!


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