# 新GRE数学重要考点之平均数

age of n numbers of arithmetic progression (AP) is the average of the smallest and the largest number of them. The average of m number can also be written as x + d(m-1)/2. Example: The average of all integers from 1 to 5 is (1+5)/2=3 The average of all odd numbers from 3 to 3135 is (3+3135)/2=1569 The average of all multiples of 7 from 14 to 126 is (14+126)/2=70 remember: Make sure no number is missing in the middle. With more numbers, average of an ascending AP increases. With more numbers, average of a descending AP decreases. AP:numbers from sum given the sum s of m numbers of an AP with constant increment d, the numbers in the set can be calculated as follows: the first number x = s/m - d(m-1)/2,and the n-th number is s/m + d(2n-m-1)/2. Example: if the sum of 7 consecutive even numbers is 70, then the first number x = 70/7 - 2(7-1)/2 = 10 - 6 = 4. the last number (n=m=7)is 70/7+2(27-7-1)/2=10+6=16.the set is the even numbers from 4 to 16. Remember:

given the first number x, it is easy to calculate other numbers using the formula for n-th number: x+(n-1) AP:numbers from average all m numbers of an AP can be calculated from the average. the first number x = c-d(m-1)/2, and the n-th number is c+d(2n-m-1)/2, where c is the average of m numbers. Example: if the average of 15 consecutive integers is 20, then the first number x=20-1(15-1)/2=20-7=13 and the last number (n=m=15) is 20+1(215-15-1)/2=20+7=27. if the average of 33 consecutive odd numbers is 67, then the first number x=67-2(33-1)/2=67-32=35 and the last number (n=m=33) is 67+2(233-33-1)/2=67+32=99. Remember: sum of the m numbers is cm,where c is the average. 以上就是新 GRE 数学平均数考点的介绍。考生不要过于紧张，把基本概念弄明白，再记住一些新 GRE 数学必 备的词汇，那么相信新 GRE 数学应该没有问题。由于美国数学基础教育的难度增加导致新 GRE 数学越来越难， 但 GRE 数学考点都是高中时候学到的知识点。

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