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必修1课文填空版+句子翻译


Unit 1, Book1 Anne’s best friend Do you want ______ friend _______ you could tell everything to, _____ your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid ______ your friend would laugh at

you, or would not understand _______ you are going _______? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, _____ she made her diary her best friend. Annie lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they _________________ (catch) by the German Nazis. She and her family hid away _____ nearly twenty-five months before they ___________ (discover). During that time the only true friend was ______ diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary _______ most people do, but I want this diary ______ to be my best friend, and I shall call ______ friend Kitty.” Now read _______ she felt after being in the _______ (hide) place since July 1942. Dear kitty, I wonder _______ it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long ______ I’ve grown crazy _______ everything to do with nature. I can well remember that ______ was a time _______ a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here. For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed ________ (wake) on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs at dusk ______ the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs _____ the window had to be shut. The dark, _______ (rain) evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me _______ (entire) in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half_____ I’d seen the night face to face… …Sadly… I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains _______ (hang) before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure _______ (look) through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must______________ (experience). Yours, Anne Unit 1 1. 在三鹿有毒奶粉事件曝光后,家长们为该给孩子吃什么而忧虑。(expose;) After the serious poisoning of Sanlu milk powder ___________________, parents become even more concerned about ______their children can eat. 2. 好朋友就是能和你分享快乐和忧伤的人。(share…with) A best friend is someone______________________________________. 3. 我很感激你的建议,它帮助了我与同学们融洽相处。 I___________________ your advice, ______ has helped me __________________my classmates. 4. 这是他第一次用电子邮件与笔友交流。 This ___ the first time that he __________an e-mail to ________________ his pen friend. 5. 当我们在游泳池边玩的时候, 那个淘气的男孩故意把我推到了水里。 ______ we_____________ at the swimming pool, the naughty boy pushed me into the water __________. 6. 爱好是不会让你感到厌倦的——你投入的时间越长,乐趣越多(the more… the more; devote to; get tired of). A hobby is something that you never _________—the more time _________________, the more fun ________________. 7. 计算机使人们即使身处世界的不同角落也能面对面地交流, 这彻底改变了我们的生活。 Computer _______________ for people to talk _________ even if they are in different parts of the world, _____ has _____ changed our life. 8. 每当考试遇到很多难题的时候,我首先告诉自己要平静下来。 _________ I met with________ difficult problems in the exam, the first step I took was to ask myself to_______. 9.根据新闻报道,是天气决定神舟七号发射的准确时间。 ___________ the news report, it is the weather ____ will determine the _____ launch time of Shenzou Seven. 10. 为了实现他的冠军梦, 他在过去十年里经历了许多的艰辛。
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________________ his dream of being a champion, he has _____________________ over the past ten years. Unit 2 The road to modern English At the end of the 16 century, about five _____ seven million people speak English. Nearly all of _____ lived in England. _____ (late) in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because _____ that, English began to ___________ (speak) in many other countries. Today, ______ people speak English as their first, second, or a foreign language than ever before. Native English speakers can understand each ______ even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example: British Betty: Would you like to see my flat? American Amy: Yes. I’d like to come up _____ your apartment. So why has English changed over time? _______ (actual) all languages change and develop _______ cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English _____ (speak) in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different______ the English we spoke today. It was based more _____ German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those _______ rules England spoke first Danish and later French. These new settlers ______ (rich) the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people ________ (take) to Australia too. English began to be spoken in ______ countries. Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote the American Dictionary of the English language. The latter gave a separate identity _____ American English spelling. English now is spoken _____ a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has ______very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people _______ (learn) English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the ______ (large) number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell. Standard English and dialects ….When people use words and expressions different ______ the “standard language”, it is called a dialect. ….. American English has so many dialects _______ people have come from all over the world. Geography also plays a part in______ (make) dialects. Some people _____live in mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect…...________ many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. Unit 2 1.现在, 每年有超过 100 万的旅客来广州观光旅游. __________, more than one million visitors / tourists travel to Guangzhou every year. 2. 他们的友谊是建立在多年相互开放沟通的基础上的. Their relationship __________________ years of _____________________ each other. 3. 我们要充分利用我们现有的资源. We must______________________________________ we have now. 4. 我们应该积极参加社区服务. 这样可以丰富我们的生活. We should__________________________community service, which can _______ our life. 5. 不管你相不相信, 我们已经逐渐地可以用英语流利地表达自己了。 Believe it or not, we have _______________become able to_______________________________ in English. 6. 实际上学好英语有很多种方式, 例如多背诵, 多看书. ____________, there are_____________ ways to learn English well, _________ by recitation and reading.
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7. 即使这工作要花掉我六个星期的时间,我仍决心要完成这份工作。 ________ it ____ me six weeks, I ____________ to finish the job. 8. 由于下大雨,到处都出现了交通阻塞。(because of) ______________ the heavy rain, there are ____________ everywhere. 9. 政府应该尽快想出更好的办法来解决高油价所带来的问题. The government should ___________________ a better_____________ the problems caused by the high price of petrol. 10. 全体同学都要准时参加明天举行的会议. (request) All students ________________________ attend the meeting to be held tomorrow and to get there ______. Unit 3 Journey down the Mekong My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I _________ (dream) about _______ (take) a great bike trip. Two years ago she bought ______expensive mountain bike then she persuaded me _____ buy one. Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries. Wang Wei soon got them ________ (interest) in ________ (cycle) too. After ___________(graduate) from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. I asked my sister, “Where are we going?” It was my sister _______ first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from ______ it begins to where it ends. Now she is planning our schedule for the trip. I am fond _____my sister _____ she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn. ________ she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she _________(organize) the trip ________ (proper). Now I know that the proper way is always her way. I kept _______(ask) her, “When are we leaving and when are we coming back?” I asked her ________ she had looked at a map yet. Of course she hadn’t; my sister doesn’t care ________ details. So I told her ______ the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province. She gave me a determined look- the kind that said she would not change her mind. When I told her that our journey would begin ______ an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited ______ it. When I told her the air would be hard _________ (breathe) and it would be very cold, she said ______ would be an interesting experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change_____. Finally, I had to give in. Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library. We found a large atlas with good maps _______showed details of world geography. From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly. It becomes rapids as it passes _______ deep valleys, _______ (travel) across western Yunnan Province. Sometimes the river becomes ______ waterfall and enters wide valleys. We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China. After it leaves China and high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace ______ (slow). It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. At last, the river delta enters the South China Sea. Part 2 …Along the way children dressed in long wool coats _______ (stop) to look at us. In the late afternoon we found ________ was so cold that our water bottles _________ (freeze). ________, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful. Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She is very _______ (rely) and I knew I didn’t need to encourage her. _______ (climb) the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised ______ the view. We seemed to be able to see for miles. At one point we were so high that we found ourselves________ (cycle) through clouds. Then we began going down the hills. It was great fun especially as it gradually became much________ (warm). …. In the early evening we always stop to make camp. We put up our tent and then we eat. After supper Wang Wei put _______ head down on her pillow and went to sleep but I stayed awake. At midnight the sky became _______ (clear) and the stars grew ________ (bright). It was so quiet. There was almost no wind---only the flames of our fire for company. As I lay beneath the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled.
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We will reach Dali in Yunnan Province soon, ________ our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us. We can hardly wait to see them! Unit 3 1. 杰克给了我一个坚定的眼神,这眼神表明他不会改变主意,也不会屈服。 Jack gave me a ________ look, ________ showed me that he would neither ____________ nor ___________ 2. 约翰,想办法把这房间整理好。 John, ________ways to _____ this room tidied up. 3. 他不停劝说我,如果我去旅游,让他相陪。(company) He kept_____________ me to take him _____________ if I went for a trip. 4. 尽管她并不喜欢画,她却坚持要和我一起去看画展。(be fond of, insist) _______ she___not _________ paintings, she _______ that she (should) go to the exhibition with me. 5. 花了一周时间才把衣物和药品送达灾区。 It took one week to transport the food, clothes and medicine to the _________ area. 6. 我们以为保罗是一个可信赖的人,但实际上他只关心他自己。 We thought that Paul was a _______ man, but actually he only___________himself. 7. 首先想到沿着河流从源头到终点骑车旅游的是你的表姐。(强调句) ________ your cousin who first had the idea to cycle along the river ____ where it begins to where it ends. 8. 我妹妹很固执,她根本听不进别人的意见。 So _______ is my sister ____ she won’t listen to any _________. 9. 请耐心点。火车十分钟后到。 Please _________. The train is __________ in ten minutes. Unit 4 A night the earth didn’t sleep Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days ____ water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed _____ the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pig were too nervous _____ eat. Mice ran out of the fields ______ (look) for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am on July 28, 1976, some people saw bright lights in the sky. The sounds of planes could________ (hear) outside the city of Tangshan even ______ no planes were in the sky. In the city, those who thought little _____ these events, were asleep as usual that night. At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed as ______ the world was at ____ end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city, the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun. It was felt in Beijing, _______ is more than two hundred kilometers away. One-third of the nation felt it. A huge crack _____ was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. The______ (suffer) of the people was extreme. Two-third of them died or were_______ (injure) during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed and many children were left ______ parents. The number of people who were killed or injured ________ (reach) more than 400.000. But how could the survivors believe _______ was natural? Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. All of the city’s hospitals, 75%of its factories and buildings and 90%of its homes were gone. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, _________, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for ________ (travel). The railway tracks were now ______ (useless) pieces of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again. Half _____ million pigs and millions of chickens were dead. Sand now filled the wells instead _____ water. People were shocked. Then, later that afternoon, ______big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. People began to wonder how long the disaster would last. _______hope was not lost. Soon after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped. The army organized teams to dig out those _____ were trapped and ____
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bury the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued ______ the coal mines there. Workers built shelters for survivors _______ homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. _______ (slow), the city began to breathe again. Unit 4 1. 好像他的事业就快要结束了。 _____________ his career is _____________. 2. 据报道,我们市吸烟人数已达到 100 万。 It is reported that ___________________smokers in our city _____________ one million. 3. 我想知道这些幸存者是如何被营救的。 I_________________________ the survivors were ________. 4. 百分之六十的旅客宁愿住在窗朝南的房间。 Sixty percent of the travelers ______ to live in the rooms __________ windows face south. 5. 他的工作丢了,但并非所有美好的希望都破灭了。 His job was gone but____________________________ lost. 6. 学校将组织学生在操场周围挖一条水沟并植树. The school will __________ the students to _____________ a channel and plant trees around the playground. 7. 消防员没有多考虑个人的安危,像平常一样将困在大火中的人员援救出来. The firefighters_____________________ their personal safety and as usual rescued the people who _______________ the fire. 8. 中国东临太平洋, 有着 13 亿的人口.(on the east, with ) China, _____ a population of 1.3 billion, faces the Pacific ____ the east. 9. 营救人员累得不想再动, 并在废墟中睡着了. The rescuers were ____________ move and fell asleep ____________. 10. 他顿时泪水夺眶而出,冲出门外寻求帮助。 He _____________ tears, _______ out of the door to seek help. Unit 5 Elias’ story My name is Elias. I am ______ poor black worker in South Africa. The time ______ I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to _____ I went to for advice. He offered _______ (guide) to poor black people ______ their legal problems. He was generous with his time, for ________ I was grateful. I needed his help _______ I had very little education. I began school at six. The school _______ I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because my family could not continue ________(pay) the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After _____ (try) hard, I got a job in a gold mine. _______, this was a time ______ one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. _____ (sad) I did not have _____ because I was not born there, and I worried about _____ I would become out of work. The day _____Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. He told me ____ to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I became more________ (hope) about my future. I never forgot ______ kind Mandela was. When he organized the ANC Youth League, I joined it as soon as I could. He said: “The last thirty years ___________ (see) the greatest number of laws _______ (stop)our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage ______ we have almost no rights at all.” It was ____ truth. Black people could not vote ____ choose their leaders. They could not get the jobs _____ wanted. The parts of town ______which they had to live were decided by white people. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. No one could grow food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said: “…we were put into a position ______ which we had either to accept we were less important, ______ fight the government. We chose to attack the laws. We first broke the law in a way ______ was peaceful; when this was not
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allowed…only then ______ we decide to answer violence with violence.” As a matter of fact, I do not like violence…but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison. But I was happy to help ______ I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal. The rest of Elias’ story You cannot imagine how the name of Robben Island made us afraid. It was a prison ______ which no one can escape. There I spent the ______ (hard) time of my life. But when I got there Nelson Mandela was also there and he helped me. Mr Mandela began a school for those of us ______ had little learning. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. We read books under our blankets and use anything we could find __________ (make) candles to do that. Later, Mr Mandela allowed the prison guards to join ______. He said they should not be stopped ______ studying for their degrees. They were not cleverer than me, but they did pass their exams. So I knew I could get a degree too. _______ made me feel good about myself. When I finished the four years in prison, I went to find ______a job. Since I was better _________(educate), I got a job _______ (work) in an office. However, the police found out and told _______ boss that I had been in prison ______blowing up government buildings. So I lost my job. I did not work again for twenty years ______ Mr Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1994. All that time my wife and children had to beg for food and help from relatives or friends. Luckily Mr Mandela remembered me and gave me a job taking tourists around my old prison on Robben Island. I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. All the terror and fear of that time came back to me. I remembered the beatings and the ______ (cruel) of the guards and my friends _______ had died. I felt I would not be able to do it, but my family encouraged me. They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the blacks. So now at 51 I am proud to show visitors over the prison, _____ I helped to make our people free in their own land. Unit 5 1. 一些人破门设法从失火的房子里逃了出来。 Some people _________________________ the burning building by breaking down the doors. 2. 由于我受过比较好的教育,我得到了一份办公室的工作。 Since I ______________________, I got a job working in an office. 3. 每日起床,他都喝一杯水,他认为这对他的身体有好处。 After ____________, he always drinks a glass of water, which he believes ________________ his health. 4. 我在小学的时候就认识他——事实上我们那时在同一个年级。 I knew him ____ we _____ in primary school——as a matter of fact, we were___________ grade. 5. 德兰修女(Mother Teresa) 把自己毕生的精力都倾注在照顾穷苦人之上。 Mother Teresa has_________________________________ the poor. 6. 那个门前有两棵树的屋子是他过去曾经居住过的地方。 The house, in front of _____ there are two trees, was the place _____ he used to live in. 7. 曼德拉(Mandela)掌权成为总统以后,他的政府尽力为黑人改变不平等的状况。 After Mandela___________and became president, his government did their best to change the unfair situation for black people. 8. 他恳求我让他加入我们刚建立的俱乐部。 He is ________ me to let him ______________ we have just set up. 9. 这对夫妇由于失业,不得不向亲戚求助。 As this couple were ______________, they had to____________their relatives for help. 10. 约翰要给捡到他钱包的出租司机一百元作为酬劳。 John wanted to give 100 yuan___a reward __ the taxi driver ____ had found his wallet.

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