Unit 4 Public transport
Various means of transport
?When we talk about London, what will you think about?
?The oldest and the best unde
rground system in the world:
Unit 4 Public transport Reading The first underground in the world
a tourist brochure
? Fast reading for general idea ? 1. When was the first underground system opened? ? 2. What did Charles Holden do? ? 3. Why was the Victoria Line important?
? Check your answers: ? 1When was the first underground system opened? ? In 1863. ? 2 What did Charles Holden do? ? He is the architect that designed many of the new stations built between 1918 and 1938. ? 3 Why was the Victoria Line important? ? Because it linked with other lines at almost every station, making the system more user-friendly.
Reading strategy reading a tourist brochure
What would be included in a tourist brochure?
1. History its ____________, including its _______of development ______ years dates or _____ 2. Some important_______ concerned people facts 3. Interesting _____ 4. ______________to visit the place for yourself Encouragement
Who (famous people)
the history of its development
Date 1854 Event
An underground railway was decided _________to be built
built by the Metropolitan Railway Company
opend The inital tunnels were________
built by Metropolitan District Railway Company 1868 The next section the ______of
underground system was opend
The London Passenger Transport they The two companies linked up andBoard provided underground service in the __________ the Underground Group, the railway tunnel middle of the city. The firstMetropolitan Line, all the different bus and train lines dug under the River Thames was ______. organization A public ____________was created.
1918- Line Victoria linked with other lines Transport 1938 London at almost every station.
After 1945 1979
More people travelled on the underground lines and more_________ were added. The last line was_________. The Jubilee added
Part 2 Important people who influenced or changed the development
His identity( 身份）
a_______ American businessman wealthy
bought ______ many of the different lines ownership (=obtain ______________of the lines) set up and_________ the Underground Group.
improve the system
results The_______ each one was given a name, and most of of his the names are still used today behaviours
responsibility An architect took_____________ for
designing many of these stations and they are still in use today.
contributions These are his____________ (贡献） to the development.
Part 3 interesting facts Interesting facts are in the_____paragraph in this 5th brochure. They are about how the underground system was______ during World War II used
Many underground stations____________ functioned as bomb shelters
was used as A newly built line____________ an underground factory.
functioned A closed station _________ (fill in one word） anti-aircraft as an __________ center .
The station nearest the Prime Minister’s was used house__________ by the Prime Minister as ____ meeting rooms for the government administration.
Which sentence tells us the main idea of this paragraph? The underground system had some unusual uses during the Wold WarII.
Part 4 Encourage you to visit the place for yourself In fact, it is an advertisement.
What’s the intention of the author?
So why not take a trip on the oldest underground system today?
Year 1863 1868 1884
Event An underground railway was decided to be built.
The first railway tunnel under the River Thames was dug.
1918-1938 During W.W. II After W. W.II
The last line was added.
Year 1854 1863 1868
built by the Metropolitan decided Company An underground railway was Railway to be built.
The firstMetropolitan District Railway Company built by tunnels were opened. The next section of the underground system was opened. The two companies linked up and provided the The London Passenger city centre. underground service to the Transport Board Charles Yerkes The first railway tunnel under the River the Underground Group, the Metropolitan Line, Thames was dug. all the different bus and train lines Six independent underground lines were made. A public organization was created.
New connections and new stations were built, so Charles Holden more lines were added.
During The London Underground was used as: World ? a bomb shelter War II
an aeroplane factory
an anti-aircraft centre
Victoria Line meeting rooms for the government
linked with other lines administration at almost every station. After More people travelled on the World underground and more lines were added. War II The Jubilee Line 1977 The last line was added.
Try to retell the development of the first underground in London.
Work in groups of four; Each student retells each part.
Year 1854 1863 1868 1884 decide to build... first next section
link up; service to city centre first railway tunnel under… 1884-1909 six organization 1918-1938 new station; more line; designed by… During unusual uses
After W. W.II
last line; built to…
The oldest and most 1.________ complex underground system in the world. ☆It is a service in the 2.middle of London provided by the Metropolitan Railway Company and the Metropolitan District Railway. ☆The 3.initial tunnels were opened in 1863 and the next section was opened in the south in 4.London .
The Circle Line
☆In 1884 the first railway tunnel under the River 5. Thames was dug.☆In 1890 the first 6.electricunderground railway was opened by the City and South London Railway.☆In 1902 a wealthy 7.Americanbusinessman set up the Underground Railways Company of London.
During the World War Ⅱ, many underground stations functioned as bomb 9. shelters such as a center for directing the defence against air attacks, meeting rooms for the government, etc.
The system was enlarged and more lines were added, the Victoria Line 10. included .
1. Retell the text. 2. Preview the language points in reading part.
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