M7U1 The evolution of video and sound devices Grammar ---vt & vi 导学案
Step 1. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and pay special attention to the verbs in them. 1. Regular
public broadcasting followed shortly afterwards. 2. Most early recorders employed steel tape to record on, which made them heavy and difficult to use, or paper tape, which was easier to use but often broke. 3. On my birthday, she gave me a smart phone as a gift. Step 2. 英语中按动词后可否直接跟宾语，可把动词分成不及物动词与和及物动词。 Ⅰ. 及物动词(vt.) ： 及物动词后必须跟有_______（名词，代词， 不定式，动名词或宾语从句）, 且大部分 可用于_________语态中。 ①. “主＋谓＋宾”结构 He reached Paris the day before yesterday. ②. “主＋谓＋双宾”结构。 Please hand me the book over there. 常见的能带双宾的动词有： bring, borrow, lend, offer, cost, give, buy, tell… Please hand the book over there to me. Tips: 1. 指人的叫做_______接宾语， 常是_______或_______； 指事物的叫做_______接宾语。 2. 当间接宾语位于直接宾语之后时常需在间接宾语之前加上合适的__词，如 to/for 等。 ③. “主＋谓＋宾＋宾补”结构。 They asked me to go fishing with them. Tip: _______、_______、_______、_______以及_______都能在句中充当宾语补足语。 Ⅱ. 不及物动词（vi. ） ： 不及物动词后不能直接跟宾语只能用 “主＋谓”结构。 This is the room where I once lived. 常见的不及物动词有： agree, go, work, listen, look, come, die, belong, fall, exist, rise, arrive, sit, sail, hurry, succeed... 若不及物动词后要跟宾语，怎么办？ Look! She is dancing. Look carefully! Look at me carefully! Tip: 不及物动词后_______可接任何形式的宾语，但可接_______或_______。 Ⅲ. 有些动词既可以用作及物又可以用作不及物的动词，其意义不变。 如 begin 都是作“开始”讲。 Everybody , our game begins. let us begin our game. 类似的还有： start, answer, sing, close, insist, read, learn, prepare, pay, hurt, improve...
Ⅳ. 也有些动词既可以用作及物又可以用作不及物的动词，但其意义完全不同。 We saw the mountain when the clouds lifted. He lifted his glass and drank. 类似的还有： ________ vi. 跳动 vt. 敲、打; ________ vi. 生长 vt. 种植 ________vi.玩耍 vt. 打（牌、球）,演奏 ________ vi.发出（气味） vt. 嗅 ________vi.（电话、铃）响 vt.打电话 ________ vi.讲话 vt. 说（语言） ________vi. 悬挂 vt. 绞死 ________ vi.动手术 vt. 操作 Ⅴ. 少数不及物动词（如 live, smile, dream）唯一可跟的宾语是同源宾语。E.g. I dreamed a dream last night. She is living a simple life. She often smiles a sweet smile. Step 3. 辨析下列各组表达： search search for benefit benefit from choose choose from suffer suffer from decide decide against answer answer for
pay pay for apply apply for attend attend to believe believe in call call on check check into
Step 4. 拓展练习 1. If you want to sell your product, you must _____ it. A. advertise B. advertise for C. advertise on D. advertise to 2. No matter how much you’ve learned and how high a standard of education you have had, you must _______ the people heart and soul. A. serve B. serve for C. serve to D. serve on 3. I _____ you yesterday, but you weren’t in. A. rang B. rang to C. rang with D. rang to 4. Neither of her parents wanted her to _____ her cousin. A. marry B. marry to C. marry with D. marry for 5 How can I _____ you, Mr. Green? A. contact B. contact with C. contact to D. contact for 6.The pupil ___ his right hand, obviously hoping to _____ to answer the teacher’s question. A. ros; rise B. raised; rise C. rose; raise D. raised; raise
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