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现在分词用法上课


现在分词做状语: (句子的主语就是分词的逻辑主语)
时间状语:
_________ (看见Tom)_, I couldn’t help thinking of his brother. Seeing Tom Walking along the street 沿着这条街走),she saw a little girl _____________________( running up to her. When crossing the road ______________________(过马路时),you must be careful.

_______________________ (在房间里看电视时),I heard While watching TV in the room someone knocking at the door.
Seeing the film 看这部电影) they were deeply moved. ___________(

原因状语:
_______________ (作为一个学生),I must study hard. Being a student Being ill ______________ (生病了) he couldn’t come to school yesterday. Knowing that he was tired _____________________(知道他累了) I told him to have a rest.

方式 伴随状语:
talking and laughing They all went to the playground, ___________________ (边说边笑)
The headmaster went into the lab, following the foreign guests. The teacher entered the classroom, followed by his students.

过去分词做状语: (句子的主语就是分词的逻辑主语)
Given more time 给更多的时间) we can do the work much _____________( better.(条件) Taken too much _____________ (服用过多) , the medicine will do harm to your health. Encouraged by his words (受到他的话的鼓舞), I decided to try ____________________ again.(原因) _____________________(生于一个贫穷的家庭), he has only Born into a poor family two years of schooling.

?现在/过去分词作定语: ?现在分词的特性: 1.主动 /令人…的 2.在进行 ?过去分词的特性: 1.被动/感到…的 2.已完成

?a leading dancer (主动)
?running water (主动)

the broken glass (被动)
written English (被动)

?an exciting news (令人…的) falling leaves (在进行) ?an excited man (感到…的) fallen leaves (已完成) ?developing country (在进行) developed country (已完成) ?boiling water (在进行) boiled water (已完成) ?an interesting man (令人…) an interested man (感到…) ?boring film (令人…) ?disappointing match bored viewers (感到…的) disappointed watchers

?位置:
?分词作前置定语 ?boiled water / developing countries

?分词短语作后置定语( 因为较长)
?a room facing the south 朝南的房间 ?the child praised by his teacher 被老师表扬的孩子

分词作定语可以转换成定语从句:

? He worked as a worker building roads. (主动) =
? He worked as a worker who/ that built roads. ? A pop star is a singer singing pop songs (主动) = ? A pop star is a singer who/ that sings pop songs. ? This is a picture painted by my father. (被动) =

? This is a picture which was painted by my father.
? The new train designed by this expert will be tested next month. (被动) = ? The new train which was designed by this expert will be tested next month.

? The man running over there is our chairman. (在进行)= ? The man who is running over there is our chairman. ? I know the young man sleeping on the bench. (在进 行) = ? I know the young man who is sleeping on the bench. ? The letter mailed last night will reach him tomorrow. (已完成) = ? The letter which was mailed last night will reach him tomorrow.

? 现在分词的被动语态形式(being + pp)

? 它包含的意思是: 正在被…
? The question being discussed is very important. = The question which is being discussed is very important. ? The factory being built is still larger than this one. =

The factory which is being built is still larger than …
? Do you know the boy being punished by his parents? = Do you know the boy who is being punished by his…?


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