倒装句分为全部倒装和部分倒装。 I、倒装句之全部倒装 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用于一般现在时和一般过去时。常见的结构有： 1）表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语放在句首，如： here, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, in the room, on the wal
l 等例如： Then came the chairman. 那时总裁来了。 South of the river lies a small factory. Ahead sat an old woman. 2）such 置于句首时，此时 such 多被认为是表语。例如： Such are the facts; no one can deny them. 注意：上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词，如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。例如： Here he comes. Ⅱ、倒装句之部分倒装 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。 如果句子的谓语没有助动词或情态动词， 则需添加助动词 do, does 或 did， 并将其置于主语之前。 一、 only 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句，且放在句首时。例如： Only in this way can you learn English well. 只有这样，你才能学好英语。 二、 句首为否定或半否定的词语，如 no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。例如： Never have I seen such a performance. 从未见过如此糟糕的表演。 Nowhere will you find the answer to this question. 无论如何你不会找到这个问题的答案的。 Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room. 母亲一直到孩子入睡后离开房间。 当 Not until 引出主从复合句，主句倒装，从句不倒装。 注意： 如否定词不在句首不倒装。例如： I have never seen such a performance. The mother didn\'t leave the room until the child fell asleep. 典型例题 1） ---Why can’t I smoke here? A. is smoking permitted B. ---At no time___ in the meeting-room smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit Away they went. Here is your letter. 你的信。 Out rushed the children.
答案 A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时，其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。这些否定词包括 no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until 等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time. 2） Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is. A. man did know 答案 D. B. man know C. didn\'t man know D. did man know
看到 Not until…的句型，我们知道为一倒装句，答案在 C，D 中选一个。
改写为正常语序为，Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将 not 提前，后面就不能再用否定了,否则意思就 变了。 三、 以否定词开头作部分倒装 如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than 等，要倒装。例如： Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender. 他没有收下礼物，还狠狠批评了送礼的人。 Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her. 她刚出门，就有个学生来访。 No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her. 她刚出门，就有个学生来访。 典型例题 No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily. A. the game began B. has the game begun
C. did the game begin
had the game begun
答案 D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时， 一般采用倒装句 （谓语前置） 。 这类表示否定意义的词有 never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, not, hardly, 以及 not only…but （also）, no sooner…than, hardly… when scarcely… when 等等。
注意：只有当 Not only… but also 连接两个分句时，才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的 Not only… but also 仅连接两个并列词 语，不可用倒装结构，如 Not only you but also I am fond of music 。 四、 so, neither, nor 位于句首时作部分倒装 用这些词表示\"也\"、\"也不\" 的句子要部分倒装。例如： Tom can speak French. So can Jack. 汤姆会讲法语，杰克也会。 If you won\'t go, neither will I.你不去，我也不去。 典型例题 ---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother? ---I don\'t know, _____. A. nor don\'t I care B. nor do I care C. I don\'t care neither D. I don\'t care also
答案：B. nor 为增补意思\"也不关心\"，因此句子应倒装。A 错在用 don\'t 再次否定，C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。D 缺乏连词。 注意：当 so 引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时，不可用倒装结构。意为 \"的确如此\"。例如： Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did. 汤姆邀我去踢球，我去了。 ---It\'s raining hard.---So it is. 雨下得真大。是呀。
典型例题： 1）Not until the early years of the 19th century___ what heat is A. man did know 答案为 D. B. man knew C. didn't man know D. did man know
否定词 Not 在句首，要求用部分倒装的句子结构。
2）Not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted. A. didn't I realize 答案为 B。 3） Do you know Tom bought a new car? I don\'t know, ___. A. nor don\'t I care C. I don\'t care neither B. nor do I care D. I don\'t care also B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realize
答案为 B. 句中的 nor 引出部分倒装结构，表示\"也不\"。由 so, neither, nor 引导的倒装句，表示前一情况的重复出现。其中, so 用于肯定 句, 而 neither, nor 用在否定句中。
七、倒装句练习题 1.Only when you have obtained sufficient data ______ come to a sound conclusion. a. can you b. you can c. would you d. you would 2.______ that this region was so rich in natural resources. a. Little he knew b. Little did he know c. Little he did know d. Little he had known 3.Never again ______ political office after his 1928 defeat for the presidency. a. Alfred E. Smith seriously sought b. seriously Alfred E. Smith sought c. when did Alfred E. Smith seriously seek d. did Alfred E. Smith seriously seek 4.Only in recent years ______ begun to realize that wild dogs, kept within bounds, often do more good than harm. a. people have b. since people have c. have people d. people who have 5._______, we were not going to make any concessions to his unreasonable demands.
a. What may come b. Come what may c. May what come d. What come 6.Not until I shouted at the top of my voice ______ his head. a. that he turned b. did he turn c. he didn’t turn d. he had turned 7.______ received law degrees as today. a. Never so women have b. The women aren’t ever c. Women who have never d. Never have so many women 8.Heat does not travel by convection in solid, because the solid does not move, ______. a. so does a liquid b. so a liquid does c. as does a liquid d. so is a liquid 9.On no account ______ to anyone. a. my name must be mentioned b. must my name mention c. must my name be mentioned d. my name must mention 10. ______ that they may eventually reduce the amount of labor needed on construction sites by 90 percent. a. Such construction robots are clever b. So clever the construction robots are c. So clever are the construction robots d. Such clever construction robots are 11.______ do we go for picnics. a. Certainly b. Sometimes c. Seldom d. Once 12.______ is it only the ignorant and ill-educated person who has such faith in the bottle of medicine. a. Either b. Often c. Nor d. Usually 13.Her answer is not acceptable, and ______. a. neither am I b. either is mine c. neither is mine d. mine is neither 14.______, I must do another experiment. a. Be it ever so late b. It is ever so late c. It be ever so late d. So late it be ever 15.So fast ______ that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. a. light travel b. travels the light c. do light travel d. does light travel 16.A sneeze cannot be performed voluntarily, ______ be easily suppressed. a. nor it can b. nor can it c. it cannot d. and cannot it 17.______ notebook and report that I promised you last week. a. Here is the b. Here are the c. Is here the d. Are here the 18.______ a little more time to think, he might have acted more sensibly. a. If he took b. If he has taken c. had he taken d. Should he take 19.Beneath our feet ______ that our life depends on for food and clothing. a. the earth lay b. the earth lies c. lie the earth d. lies the earth 20._____ the beginning of the 19th century did scientists know that all matter is made up of atoms. a. At b. By c. Up to d. Not until 21.Hardly ______ he got out of the court ______ the reporters raised a lot of questions to him. a. had … when b. had…than c. did…when d. has…than 22.Among these books ______ a dictionary that his father gave him as a birthday present. a. have included b. is included c. has included d. are included 23.No longer are contributions to computer technology confined to any one country; ______ is this more true than in Europe. a. nowhere b. hardly c. little d. seldom 24.Important ______ his discovery was, it was regarded as a matter of no account in his time. a. to b. for c. as d. although 25.According to the periodic table, ______ still some elements undiscovered.
a. there seem to be b. it seems c. it seems to be d. here seems 26.Here ______ you want to see. a. the manager comes b. comes the manager c. comes a manager d. is coming a manager 27.Barry can hardly drive a car, ______. a. so can’t Molly b. can’t Molly either c. Molly can’t too d. neither can Molly 28._______ for the leadership of the Party, we should not have succeeded. a. Had not it been b. Had it not been c. There was d. Is there 29.______ no air or water, there would be no life in the world. a. Were there b. There are c. There was d. Is there 30.Not only ______ the data fed into it, but it can also analyze them. a. the computer can memorize b. can the computer memorize c. do the computer memorize d. can memorize the computer 31.Not once ______ his view of life. a. did the gentleman mention b. the gentleman mentioned that c. the gentleman mentioned d. does gentleman mentioned 32.By no means ______ their own language well. a. it is true that all English people know b. is it true that do all English people know c. it is true that do all English people know d. is it true that all English people know 33.The molecules of gases move more freely than ______. a. do liquids and solids b. liquids and solids do c. do those of liquids and solids d. those do of liquids and solids 34.The world’s birth rates are on a decline and ______ are the death rates. a. so b. also c. too d. the same 35._____ is the volume of chemical goods. a. Constantly growing too b. Too constantly growing c. Growing constant to d. Too growing constant 36.Many a time _______ me with my English study. a. have he helped b. has he helped c. he have helped d. did he have helped 37.Typical of the new type of young people ______, who set a shining example to the whole nation. a. was Lei Feng b. Were Lei Feng c. Lei Feng was d. Lei Feng were 38.What Mr. Smith did was important , but ______. a. more important the way of he did things was b. the way of he did things was more important c. more important was the way he did things d. more important the way were he did things 39.She didn’t want to buy it, ______. a. however good was it b. however good it was c. for how good might it be d. for how good it might be 40.______ , it is always possible to find out its volume. a. Whatever the shape of a body may be b. The shape of a body may be whatever
c. May whatever the shape of a body be d. Whatever may the shape of a body be 41.I won’t pay $20 for the coat; it’s not worth ______. a. all that much b. that much all c. that all much d. much all that 42.Hot air accompanied by high relative humidity feels warmer than ______. a. is it actually b. it actually is c. actually it is d. actually is it 43.Qingdao is usually cool in summer, but Nanjing ______. a. is rarely b. scarcely is c. hardly is d. rarely is 44.David, something important has happened. I wish to ______. a. talk it over with you b. talk over it c. talk over d. talk you over it 45.______, more than 200 houses and buildings are heated by solar energy, not to mention the big cities in the region. a. Alone in the small town b. In the small alone town c. In the small town alone d. In the alone small town 46.Geysers are found new near rivers and lakes, where water drains through the soil ______. a. surface below the deep b. deep below the surface c. the deep below surface d. the deep surface below 47.The wallflower ______ because its weak stems often grow on walls and along stony cliffs for support. a. so called is b. so is called c. is so called d. called is so 48.The history of painting is a fascination chain of evens that probably began with ______. a. ever made the very first pictures b. the ever made very first pictures c. the very first ever made pictures d. the very first pictures ever made 49.On the side of the hill, there is ______ which was once the entrance to a gold mine. a. a deep hole in ground b. a hole deep in ground c. a deep hole in the ground a deep in the ground hole 50.Will the boy who has taken my pen brine ______. a. back to me b. it back to me c. back it to me d. it to me back
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