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定语从句和易混句型及典型题目


定语从句和易混句型及典型题目

一.定语从句与并列句(注意用标点符号和连接词 and, but 等来区别。 ) 1.Mr Li has three daughters, none of________ is an engineer. 2.Mr Li has three daughters, but none of__________ is a dancer. 3.Mr Li has three daughters; __________ are doctors. 答案: 1.whom 2. them 3. None/They 二 . 定语从句与地点状语从句(看是否有先行词,如果有,就是定语从句,如 果没有,就是状语从句) 1.Rice doesn’t grow well _____ there is not enough water. 2.I still remember the farm_____

my parents worked ten years ago. 答案: 1.where 2. where/on which 对比下面两个句子: He left the key where he had been an hour ago. He left the place where he lived for many years. 练习: The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands

the famous tower.

A. that

B. where

C. which

D. there 答案 : B. 三 . 定语从句与强调句 强调句型可以还原成正常语序的句子,也就是说,强调句型中去掉 It be … that 后,句子仍 然通顺,意义也依然完整,只是没有那么强调突出。而定语从句去掉了

It be … that 后句子 就不完整了 。 1. It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. It is the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. 2. It is in the factory _______John works. It is the factory _______John works. 练习: 3. It was 5 o’clock in the morning _____he arrived home. 答案 :1. that ,when 2.that, where 3. where 四 . 定语从句与结果状语从句 在定语从句中,若先行词被 such 修饰时,关系词要用 as, 组成 such … as 结构 . 这个结构与状语从句 such … that … (如此 … 以致 … )很相似,要注意区别。若从 句中的及物动词后无宾语,就是定语从句,

用 such … as. 否则就是状语从句,用 such … that. 1.I have the same computer _____you have.

( as) 2. She is such a kind girl _____all of us like to make friends with her.

(that) 对比下面两个句子:

He is such a good teacher as we all love and respect. He is such a good teacher that we all love and respect him. 练习: It is such a good place _____everybody wants to visit _____it is well-known all over the world. ( C) A. which; that B. as as C. as that D. that; as 五 . 定语从句与习惯句型 . 注意固定句型: It is the first/second/third time that+ 从句(从句用现在完成时) 1.It is the first time ______she has been in Shanghai. 2.It was the time _______Chinese people had a hard life. 答案 : 1.that 2.when

六 . 定语从句与单句(注意标点符号。两个单句间用句号, 而定语从句两个句 子间用逗号。 ) 1.The mother told the lazy boy to work, ____didn’t help 2.The mother told the lazy boy to work. _____didn’t help. 练习: 3.There are 56 students in our class, most of ____are girls. A.

which

B. whom

C. them

D. that 答案 : 1. which 2. It 3. B 七 . 定语从句与名词从句

1 。定语从句与同位语从句的区别。 首先看引导从句的关系词 that 是否在从句中充当句子成分。如果在从句中充当主、宾、表, 则是定语从句。再看 that 前的名词是否是一些需要有内容的名词,如: idea, fact, thought, news 等。后面的从句是说明其内容的, (这个名词在后面的从句中部充当任何成分) ,这个 从句则是同位语从句 2 。强调句型与主语从句的区别:强调句型可以还原成正常语序的句子,也就是说,强调句 型中去掉 It be … that 后,句子仍然通顺,意义也依然完整,只是没有那么强调突出。而含 主语从句的复合句中的 it 是指示代词, 后面多为系表结构或被动语态。 如果去掉 It be … that , 句子就不通顺了。 1.The news ______came from the front was true. 2.The news ______he won the game was true. 3.She was not ______she used to be. 4.The city is no longer a place _____ it used to be. 5._____ is known to us all, paper was first made in China. 6._____ is known to us all that paper was first made in China. 7. She was not the woman ______she used to be.

The city is no longer _____it used to be. 答案 : 1. that/which 2. that 3. what 4.that 5. As 6. It 7. that,what

典型练习 50 题: 1. I, ___your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A.who is

B.who am C.that is

D.which am 2. The old man has two sons, ___are lawyers. A.both of them

B.both of who C.both of whom

D.both of they 3. He is a man of great knowledge, ___much can be learned. A.in whom

B.about whom C.from whom D.of whom 4. I can tell you ___he told me last week. A.all which

B.all what

C.that all

D.all that 5. Is oxygen the only gas ___helps fire burn? A.that

B./

C.which

D.what 6. Air, ___we breathe every day, is around us all the time.

A.that

B./

C.which

D.it 7. This is the museum ____we saw an exhibition the other day. A.that

B.which

C.where

D.in that 8. This museum is ___you visited the other day. A.that

B.which

C.where

D.the one 9. This is the museum ___you saw the other day. A.that

B.where

C.in which

D.in that 10. It is the third time ___late this month. A.that you arrived

B.when you arrived C.that you’ve arrived D.when you’ve arrived 11. It was in 1969___the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. A.that

B.which

C.in which

D.when 12..We often think of the days ___we spent together on the island. A.when

B.which

C.in which

D.during which 13. Have you ever been to Shanghai, ____I left ten years ago? A.where

B.which

C.that

D.when 14. He has left Beijing, ___a meeting is to be held. A.when

B.where

C.as

D.which 15. This is the very place ___I’m wishing to live in. A.where

B.which

C.that

D.in which 16.I have bought the same dress ____she is wearing. A.as

B.that

C.which

Dthan 17.Can you solve such problems ___raised by the audience? A.what were

B.as were

C.that were

D.which were

18.The reason ___he didn’t come was ____he was injured.

A.that,because

B.why,that

C.why, because

D.that, that 19.He must be from Africa, ____can be seen from his skin. A.that

B.as

C.it

D.what 20.His father died last year, ____made it impossible for him to go abroad. A.when

B.which

C.as

D.that 21.___is natural,he married Mary. A.It

B.What

C.Which

D.As 22.The buses, ____were already full,were surrounded by an angry crowd. A.most of them B.most of which

C.which most

D.that most 23.All___is needed is a supply of oil. A.the thing

B.that

C.what

D.which 24.He paid the boy 10 dollars for washing ten windows,most of ___had not been cleaned for years. A.these

B.those

C.that

D.which 25 .In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person ______she could turn for help. A.that

B.who

C. from whom D.to whom 26. This is one of the means ____the electic energy is conducted from one place to another. A.by which B.by that C.through which

D.through that 27. The place ___you are going to visit is the ruin of a place. A.in which

B.at which

C.where

D.which

28. The factory ___I am going to is the place ___my mother used to work many years ago. A.where,where B.where, which C.which,where

D.that,which 29. Don’t do such things ___you are not sure about. A.that

B.which

C.as

D.what 30. Rober is good at language, ____we all know. A.because

B.for

C.as

D.since 31. China has hundreds of islands, ____we all know. A.in which

B.at which

C.of which

D.which 32. She wrote a letter to her father, ___she made her secret known. A.which

B.that

C.in which

D.where 33. She showed me the dictionary ___she paid a lot of money. A.by which

B.to which

C.for which

D.on which 34. His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ___family was poor. A.of whom

B.whom

C.of whose

D.whose 答案: 1 - 5 BCCDA 6-10CCDAC 11-15ABBBC 16-20ABBBB

21-25 DBBDD 26-30ADCCC 31-35CCCDB 36-40ACDCA

41-45 CAADA 46-50 CCDCD


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