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2011步步高英语一轮复习课件:选修7 Unit5 Travelling abroad(新人教版)


Unit 5

Travelling abroad
基础落实

Ⅰ.高频单词思忆
1.Tokyo was our final destination (目的地). 2.We have abundant (充裕的) proof of his guilt. 3.Our latest model should meet you

r

requirements(要求) exactly. 4.He acknowledged (承认) it to be true.
5.He was too busily occupied (忙于) to go to the show.

6.He is a man of great enterprise (事业心). 7 . I recommended students. 8.Previous teaching experience is a necessary qualification for this job. 9.Our agent in New York deals with all US sales. 10.The two stories contradict each other. the book to all my

Ⅱ.重点短语再现
1. adjust to 适应;调节
2. keep it up 保持优秀成绩;继续干下去;干得 好

3. fit in 相适应;相融和;找出时间或空间做 某事
4. get used to 对??适应;习惯

5. as far as one is concerned 就??而言
6. feel at home 感觉自在;无拘束;觉得舒适 7. be occupied with 忙着做??;忙于某事物 8.out of the question不可能的;不值得讨论的 9.settle in 安顿下来 10. day in and day out 日复一日

Ⅲ.典型句式运用
1.I have been so occupied with work that I haven’t had time for social activities. 我一直忙于学业以致于我没有时间去搞社交活 动。 考点提炼

本句中so...that...意为“ 如 此??以致于 ” , 引 导 结果状语 从 句 。

so...that...还可以引导目的状语从句,句子 中带有can/could/may/might/will/would等 情态动词。

2.But I was also very nervous as I didn’t

know what to expect.但是我也很紧张,因为
我不知道我可以期待什么。

考点提炼

“what/how/where/when+ to do”结

构在句中可作主语、宾语和表语。

3.How difficult do you think it is to adjust to the customs of another country? 你认为适应另外一个国家的习俗难吗? 考点提炼 do you think...意为“ 你认 为?? ”,常作 插入语 置于句中,句首以特 殊 疑 问 词 开 头, 句 子 用 陈述 语 序。类 似 用 法 的词还有suppose,believe,guess,expect, imagine,hope等。

导练互动
重点单词
1.recommend
Xie Lei highly recommends it.(回归课本P38)
观察思考 He recommended Spain for our next holiday.

他建议我们下次去西班牙度假。
The doctor may recommend limiting the amount of fat in your diet. 医生可能会建议限制你饮食中的脂肪含量。

I have been recommended this magazine.

有人向我推荐这本杂志。
I recommend you to think very carefully before you do anything foolish.

我劝你在没做出什么蠢事之前先仔细考虑一下。

归纳总结 recommend vt.建议;推荐;劝告 。 recommend doing...建议做?? recommend sb.to do...建议某人做?? recommend for...推荐??作某种用途 recommend to向??推荐;使??得到好感;托 付,交付

recommend sth.to sb.=recommend sb.sth.向某
人推荐?? recommendation n.提议;推荐;介绍;推荐信 personal recommendation私人介绍

注意

(1)recommend作“劝告;建议”讲时,

后面通常接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,可以接

不定式作宾语补足语,但不能接不定式作宾语。
(2)recommend表示“建议”时,还可以接that 从句,该从句要用虚拟语气。 (3)把甲介绍给乙,使他们相识,用introduce; 把某物介绍、推荐给某人或把某人推荐给某人, 应用recommend。 (4)recommendation后的同位语从句、表语从句、 宾语从句等要用虚拟语气,即should+v.,should

可以省略。

即学即用 (1)你能推荐一些有关这个学科的新书给我吗? Can you recommend me some new books on this subject? (2)我劝你遵守安全规则。 I recommend you to comply with safety regulations.

(3)他的建议有不少可取之处。
His proposal has much to recommend . (4)他因校长推荐而被任命。 He was appointed on the recommendation of the president.

2.occupy
I have been so occupied with work that I haven’t had time for social activities.(回归课本P39)

观察思考
They occupy the house next door. 他们住在隔壁。 The army occupied the enemy’s capital. 军队占领了敌国首都。

My sister occupies an important position
in the Department of the Environment. 我姐姐在环境部担任要职。

归纳总结 occupy vt.占据;占用;任职 。 occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth.忙 于??;专心于?? occupy one’s mind/thoughts/attention占据某 人的头脑/思想/注意力

be occupied(房间、座位、床位等)有人占用
be occupied in doing sth.忙于做某事 be deeply occupied in thinking陷入沉思 be fully occupied忙得不可开交 occupation n.工作,职业;占据;消遣

即学即用 (1)他终日从事各种研究项目。

He occupied himself with various
research projects. (2)她忙于写一本小说。 She is occupied in writing a novel. (3)他脑子里装着许多问题。 Many problems occupied his mind. (4)他的职业是什么? What is his occupation?

3.acknowledge
First of all,he told me,I couldn’t write what other people had said without acknowledging them.(回归课本P38) 观察思考

She refuses to acknowledge the need for
reform. 她拒不承认改革的必要性。 The shipping company acknowledged the receipt of the goods to be shipped.

航运公司表示所运货物已收到。

I gratefully acknowledge financial support from several local businesses.

我对本地几家企业的资助表示感谢。

归纳总结 acknowledge vt.承认;确认;答谢 。 acknowledge sb./sth.to be...承认某人/某物

是??
acknowledge that...承认?? acknowledge sb.as...认为/接受某人是/成 为?? acknowledge doing sth.承认做某事 acknowledge sb.向某人打招呼;问候 acknowledgement n.承认;致谢,答谢 It is universally acknowledged that...??

是大家公认的

即学即用 (1)你承认你错了吗? Do you acknowledge that you’ve been wrong? (2)是她想认你做她的女儿。 It is she who wants to acknowledge you as her daughter.

(3)他承认收过一些可视为贿赂的礼物。
He acknowledged receiving gifts that could be seen as bribes.

(4)普遍认为他是世界最佳球员。
He is widely acknowledged to be the best player in the world.

4.substitute
“Also,when I miss my family,it’s a great comfort to have a substitute family to be with.”(回归课本P38)

观察思考
Is saccharin a good substitute for sugar? 糖精是糖的良好替代品吗? Mary is ill and Laura is to substitute her.

玛丽病了,劳拉代替她。
He substitutes as our teacher of English. 他代任我们的英语老师。

归纳总结 substitute n. 代替者; vt. 代用品;用??代替; 替代,取代。 vi. as a substitute作为代表人/代用品

a substitute for sth.代替??的人或物
be no substitute for...没有??那样好;不 如??称心 substitute A for B用A代替B substitution n.代替,替换

表示代替的短语:take one’s place/take the
place of/in place of/instead of

易混辨异 substitute,replace

(1)这两个词的含义略有不同,substitute强调
“代替,顶替”,而replace强调“替换,更 换”,即把旧的或坏的东西更换成新的(通常用

take the place of更通俗些)。
(2)在句型结构上,通常是: substitute A for B用A代替B (使用A) replace A with B用B替换A (使用B) She substituted sugar for honey. 她用糖代替蜂蜜。 We replaced a flat tyre with a new one. 我们用新轮胎替换爆胎。

即学即用——用适当的介词填空

(1)Home-made parts are being substituted for imported ones.
(2)The manager was unable to attend but sent his deputy as a substitute. (3)We substituted red balls for blues

ones,to see if the baby would notice.
(4)Fish can be substituted with meat in this recipe.

5.requirement
Xie Lei’s preparation course is helping her to get used to the academic requirements of a Western university.(回 归课本P38)

观察思考
Our immediate requirement is extra staff. 我们急需增加工作人员。 Not all goods can satisfy the customers’ requirements.

并非所有的商品都能满足顾客的需求。

归纳总结
requirement n.要求;需要 。 require vt. & vi.需要;依靠 require to do要求做?? require sb.to do要求某人做?? require sth.to be done要求某事被做 require doing/to be done要求被做 require sb.of sth.要求某人某物

require that...(should)+动词原形要求做某事
It is/was required that...(should)+动词原形 有人要求做??

注意

(1)require表示“需要”时,后面接动

名词的主动形式表被动意义。 (2)require表示“要求,命令”时其后的that 宾语从句要用虚拟语气,即should+动词原形, should可省略。

(3)在requirement后的同位语从句和表语从句
中,谓语用“(should)+动词原形”表示虚拟语 气。

即学即用
(1)The situation required that he (should) be present (需要他在场). (2)Everybody is required to (被要求) attend the meeting.

(3)These young trees will require looking
after (需要照料) carefully. (4)What is the minimum entrance requirement (入学条件) for this course?

重点短语与句型 6.keep it up
Keep It Up,Xie Lei(回归课本P38)
观察思考 Well done!Keep it up! 干得好!继续好好干吧! They sang songs to keep their spirits up.

他们唱歌以保持高昂的情绪。

归纳总结 keep up意为:保持;继续 。 keep up维持,保持;继续下去 keep one’s word/promise信守诺言 keep a record保持纪录 keep fit保持健康 keep in touch with...与??保持联系 keep up (with sb./sth.)跟上,不落在??后面 keep...out of不使??入内;不惹事 keep sth.in mind把??记在心里 keep one’s balance保持平衡 keep away from避免接近,远离 keep hold of...抓住?? keep an eye on sth.注意看守某物;照看某物

即学即用——用keep的相关短语填空
(1)The rain kept up all afternoon. (2) Keep away from the edge of the cliff. (3)Wages are not keeping up with inflation. (4)We’ve asked the neighbours to keep an eye on the house for us while we are away. (5)Try to keep a balance between work and

relaxation.

7.fit in
Chinese student fitting in well...(回归 课本P39) 观察思考 Where do I fit in? 哪里是我适合的地方? Do these plans fit in with your arrangements?

这些计划和你的安排冲突吗?

归纳总结
fit in意为:相适应,相融合 。 fit sb.for sth./to do sth.使某人能适合?? fit sth.to sth.使??与??相符合 fit in with...与??适合;(新加入者)处得

融洽
fit up安装;安放 be fit to do sth.适合做某事

be fit for...胜任;适合??

即学即用 (1)他的经验使他完全胜任这项工作。 His experience fitted him perfectly for the job. (2)他过去从未干过这种工作,很难说他是否会 与其他人配合得好。 He’s never done this type of work before;I’m not sure how he’ll fit in with the other people . (3)这个地方不适合你居住。 This is not a fit place for you to live. (4)那件夹克衫很合身。 That jacket fits well .

8.It was the first time she had ever left her motherland.这是她第一次离开她 的祖国。
典例体验 It’s the first time (that) I’ve spoken in public. 这是我第一次在公开场合发言。 It was the third time (that) he had been

ill that year. 那是他那年第三次生病了。 It’s the second time (that) Jack has come to China. 这是杰克第二次来中国。

归纳总结
is It/This/That (现在完成时 ) It/This/That was the first/second...time the first/second... will be time that-clause

that-clause( 过去完成时)
It’s time (1) It’s high time It’s about time should do sth. did sth.

(that) sb.

(that) sb.

=It’s (high/about) time (for sb.) to do
sth. 是某人该做某事的时候了

(2)It’s the first (second...) time (that)
sb.have done sth.某人第一次(第二次??)做 某事

注意

the first (second,etc.) time可作从属

连词,引导时间状语从句。 与the first time一样可用作连词的常见词(组) 有:the moment,the minute,the instant,directly,instantly,immediately,the+ 序数词+time,each time,every time等。

即学即用
(1)第一次看见这件连衣裙我就决定买它了。 The first time I saw the dress,I decided to buy it. (2)这是第一次一位非裔美国人被选为美国总统。 It is the first time that an African? American has been elected the President of the United States. (3)该是我们做些什么制止污染的时候了。

It’s (high) time that we did something
to stop pollution.

考题回扣
【例1】Amy joined a painting group but

didn’t seem to
A.show off C.fit in 解析

C

,so she left.
(山东高考) B.go up D.come over

句意为:Amy参加了一个绘画班,但是好

像不适应,所以她就退出了。show off炫耀; go up上升;fit in适应;come over来访。 课文原文

Chinese student fitting in well...

【例2】We first met on a train in 2000.We

both felt immediately that we
other for years. A.knew

C

each

(辽宁高考)

B.have known
C.had known D.know 解析 句意为:我们于2000年在火车上第一次 相遇。我们两人都立刻觉得我们好像已认识了

好多年。that从句中know的动作发生在句子谓
语动词felt之前,因此从句谓语动词应用过去完 成时态。

课文原文 It was the first time she had ever left her motherland.

【例3】The doctor recommended that you D
swim after eating a large meal. (浙江高考) A.wouldn’t C.needn’t B.couldn’t D.shouldn’t

解析

recommend表“建议”时,其后的宾语从

句的谓语动词应使用虚拟语气,即:should+动 词原形,should可以省略。 课文原文 Xie Lei highly recommends it.

【例4】Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from at home. their parents speak (浙江高考)

A

A.what
解析

B.that

C.which

D.one

句中的from缺少宾语,what既引导了宾

语从句,又充当了speak的宾语。

课文原文
He wanted to know what I thought,which confused me because I thought that the author of the article knew far more than I did.

【例5】I began to feel

A

in the new
(山东高考)

school when I saw some familiar faces. A.at home C.at will B.at heart D.at sight

解析
题意。

feel at home舒适自在,不拘束,符合

课文原文 Xie Lei told me that she feels much more at home in England now.

写作技能
如何在议论文中发表看法
在写议论文的时候,往往需要谈谈自己的看 法,如何发表自己的看法,是“有法可依”的, 只要了解和掌握其写作框架,就能保证写得较得 体,从而获得比较高的分数。

一、自然过渡
写完正反两方面的观点或提出中心话题后, 用句恰当的过渡语引出自己的观点。过渡语起承 上启下的作用,使文章显得自然、连贯。

常用的过渡句式有:
1.In my opinion.../2.Personally,I feel that.../3.As far as I’m concerned.../4.I

do agree with.../5.I can’t agree more
with....Such cases are often seen in our life./6.In some way,I agree with.../7.In fact,there are both advantages and disadvantages in.../8.Every coin has two sides. 二、列举例证 提出自己的观点后就要用具体的事例来论证

自己的观点。
常用的句式有:

1.First/Firstly,...Second/secondly,... Finally.../2.On the one hand,...on the other hand,.../3.For one thing...and for another.../4.Furthermore/Besides/In addition,... 三、总结点题 进一步总结自己的观点,提出具体做法或号 召,升华主题,这时应注意文章前后呼应。 常用的句式有: 1.In conclusion,.../2.In short,.../3.In a word,.../4.In general,.../5.All in all, .../6.All these things considered,.../7.To sum up,.../8.Therefore,...

即时练习——翻译句子

1.在我看来,政府应采取措施建立各种各样的学
校来满足人们的需要。 In my opinion,measures should be taken by

the government to set up various schools to meet the needs of people .
2.就个人而言,我认为考试作弊是不对的,因为 它违备了学校的规定。 Personally,it is wrong to cheat in examinations because it breaks the rules of schools .

3.因此,我们将有更多的时间来培养自己的兴趣

和特别的技能。
Therefore,we will have more time to develop our own interests and special skills .

4.一方面,现代科技使交通方式越来越先进;另
一方面,随着社会的发展,人们之间有了更多 的联系。 For one thing,modern science and technology has made means of transportation more and

more advanced.For another (thing),with
the development of society,people contact with each other more often .

5.一句话,我们每一个人都应对国家贡献自己的 力量以使她变得更美好。 In a word,each of us should make a contribution to our country to make it more beautiful .

自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
1.Not having made full p reparations,they put off the meeting. 2.I wouldn’t r ecommend you to go there alone.

3.She a cknowledged his help in her book. 4.Chance usually g overns the outcome of the
game.

5.Can you s ubstitute for the singer who is
ill?

6.A lot of care and attention is required (需要) in keeping the pets. 7.I’ll draft(草拟) a contract for you. 8.Most of the bedroom is o ccupied by the big bed. 9.We eventually arrived at our holiday destination (目的地). 10.We need a spirit of enterprise (事业心) if we are to achieve something.

Ⅱ.短语运用
on board,keep it up,fit in,feel at home, substitute,make preparations for,a handful of,be occupied in,adjust to,be/become used

to
1.I picked up a handful of letters and began to read them. 2.The couple did not give themselves time to adjust to marriage before their baby

arrived.
3.We had only a week to make preparations for the wedding.

4.His ideas didn’t quite fit in with our aims. 5.In the end,the workers were/ became used to doing hard work at night. 6.If only he could keep it up ,he would break the world record. 7.She felt at home on the stage this

time,though she seldom appeared.
8.We are occupied in preparing for the mid ?term exams,so we don’t have time to go out for an outing.

9.Nothing can substitute for for the advice your doctor is able to give you. 10.When you get on board the plane,find your seat first according to your ticket.

Ⅲ.完成句子
1.The button is designed to adjust the volume (调节音量) of the MP3. 2.He is recognized as a fully qualified (合 格的,胜任的) teacher.

3.I recommend that he see a lawyer (建议他找
个律师) for advice. 4.There is no place more comfortable than your own home (比你的家更舒适). 5.The liquid medicine requires shaking before being taken (服用前需摇匀).

6.They acknowledged having done wrong(承认
自己错了). 7.He is always occupied with/in work (忙于 工作). 8.Who will succeed John as chief editor (接

替约翰当主编) after he retires?
9.Do you have any comment to make (评论) on young people’s dying hair?

10.We have had another abundant year (丰收
年).

Ⅳ.单项填空
1.Mr.Morse,who graduated from a famous medical university,spent years B his

skills as a doctor.
A.adapting C.occupying B.acquiring D.concentrating

解析

句意为:莫斯先生,毕业于著名的医科

大学,花了很多年来获取作为一名医生所需要 的技巧。由句意可知,B项意为“获得,得到; 养成”符合句意。

2.Anyway,that evening, D I’ll tell you
more about later,I ended up staying at Rachel’s place.

A.when
C.what 解析

B.where
D.which

句意为:那天晚上最后我反正住在了拉

奇尔那里,具体情况以后我再告诉你。非限制 性定语从句中谓语动词为短语tell sb.about

sth.,从句中介词about缺少宾语,故用which。

3.By serving others,a person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, B can be very eye?opening and rewarding. A.who C.what B.which D.that

解析

后面一句是非限制性定语从句,从句缺

少的是主语,先行词是前面整句话的内容,所 以用which引导。句意为:通过为别人服务,一 个人就会关注某人而不是他/她自己,这样也许 就能使眼界非常开阔并获得回报。

4.—What were you doing when I rang you this morning? —I was occupied B the housework and his homework. kept my son occupied

A.at;doing
C.at;to do 解析

B.with;doing
D.with;to do

be occupied with sth.和be occupied

(in) doing sth.的意思都是“忙于做某事”。

5.As the twentieth century came to a
close,the raw materials for a great national literature were at hand, waiting A.to use B . B.to be used

C.to have used
解析

D.to be using

句意为:在20世纪即将结束之际,有许

多可用于伟大的民族文化的素材以待使用。不

定式作宾语,同时表达被动关系。时态上是将
来含义,所以不选择表示完成时态的C项和表示 进行时的D项。

6.Next winter, A.which C.that

B I’ll stay in Harbin, B.when D.where

will surely be another exciting holiday.

解析

考查非限制性定语从句。when引导定语

从句,在从句中作时间状语,指代前面的next winter。

7.—How far apart do they live?
— B I know,they live in the same B.As far as D.As often as neighbourhood. A.As long as C.As well as

解析

as far as I know=so far as I know据

我所知,是一习语。as long as/so long as只 要,常用来引导条件状语从句;as well as不 仅??而且??;既??又??;和??一样 (好);as often as=whenever每当。A、C、D 三项不合题意。

8.With all the two hundred passengers
the plane took off. A.on board B.on the board

A ,

C.on boards
解析

D.going on board

on board在飞机上(船上、火车上等)。

9.Her talent and experience
respect of her colleagues. A.permitted

D

her to the

B.qualified

C.deserved
解析

D.entitled

permit sb.to do sth.允许某人做某

事;qualify不与介词to连用;deserve值得; 应得;受到;entitle sb.to sth.使某人享有 权利;使某人获得资格。

10.

C

in the regulations that one

should not tell other people the password of your email account.

A.What is recommended
B.What recommend C.It is recommended D.It recommend 解析 that引导主语从句,it充当形式主语,

内容与推荐之间为被动关系,故选项C正确。

11.—I want to go to Beijing with you.

—If so,your holiday arrangement must
D mine. B.come up with D.fit in with A . D.on A.catch up with C.put up with

12.I’m very glad that you come and see our

new house when we have settled
A.in B.to C.down

13.The notice hanging on the front wall is meant to A.keep up C.keep from 解析

D

the unwanted visitors, B.keep off D.keep out

especially at working hours.

keep up保持;keep off不接近;keep

out留在外面;keep from忍住(或克制自己) 不做某事,阻止某人做某事。

14.Prosperity (成功) is not without fears
and distastes;and adversity (逆境) is not without D and hope. B.combinations D.comforts A.comedies C.comments

解析

句意为:(谚)成功不是没有忧虑和厌

烦,逆境不是没有安慰和希望。comfort表示 “安慰,慰藉”,符合语意要求。

15.The new machines are being old.

B

for the

A.replaced
C.changed 解析

B.substituted
D.divided

句意为:新机器正在用来取代旧机器。

根据其后的介词for可知只能用substitute,而 replace后多用介词by或with,故排除A项。

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