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lec 1 of unit3 goods move people move


西南科技大学教学课件

课程名称:高级英语 使用教材:现代大学英语精读5 授课对象:11级英语专业 授课老师:李仕俊 授课地点:东3402

Advanced English
Li Shijun
English Department sjli@swust.edu.cn Tel:6089642(o) Mobile: 13

881188426 Office hour: Tuesday 3:00-5:00p.m 英语专业教研室(东7C座310室)

Public email for this course

? swust2005ae@sina.com ? pin: opensesame

要点

? ? ? ? ?

1 大纲要求 2 教学内容 3 学生情况 4 教学方法 5 建议

英语专业教学大纲对三年级学生的要求

? 较好地掌握句子之间和段落之间的衔 接手段如照应、省略、替代等。 ? 通过课堂教学和其他途径认知词汇达7, 000-9,000个;且能正确而熟练地使 用其中的4,000-5,000个及其最常用 的搭配。

? 能读懂难度相当于美国Times 或New York Times的社论 和政论文章; ? 能读懂难度相当于The Great Gatsby的文学原著,难度相 当于The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich的历史传记。 ? 要求在理解的基础上分析文章的思想观点、篇章结构和文 体风格。 ? 阅读速度为每分钟140-180个单词,理解准确率不低于 75%。 ? 能在5分钟内速读1,300词左右的文章,掌握文章的主旨 和大意

大纲要求

? 能写故事梗概、读书报告、课程论文以及 正式的书信等。 ? 要求语言正确、表达得体并具有一定的思 想深度。写作速度为30分钟250-300个。

? 初步了解翻译基础理论和英、汉两种语言 的异同,并掌握常用的翻译技巧,能将中 等难度的英语篇章或段落译成汉语。 ? 译文忠实原文,语言通顺,速度为每小时 250-300个英文单词; ? 能将中等难度的汉语篇章或段落译成英语, 速度和译文要求与英译汉相同。 ? 能担任外宾日常生活的口译。单词

大纲要求

? 能熟练地使用各种英英词典以及大型百科 全书(如Encyclopedia Britannica以及 Encyclopedia Americana),独立解决语 言问题和部分知识方面的疑难问题。

? 熟悉中国文化传统,具有一定的艺术修养; 熟悉英语国家的地理、历史、发展现状、 文化传统、风俗习惯; ? 具有较多的人文知识和科技知识; ? 具有较强的汉语口头和书面表达能力; ? 具有较强的创新意识和一定的创新能力。

大纲对高级英语课程的要求 ? (2)高级英语:高级英语是一门训练学生综合英 语技能尤其是阅读理解、语法修辞与写作能力的 课程。课程通过阅读和分析内容广泛的材料,包 括涉及政治、经济、社会、语言、文学、教育、 哲学等方面的名家作品,扩大学生知识面,加深 学生对社会和人生的理解,培养学生对名篇的分 析和欣赏能力、逻辑思维与独立思考的能力,巩 固和提高学生英语语言技能。

? 每课都应配有大量的相关练习,包括阅读 理解、词汇研究、文体分析、中英互译和 写作练习等,使学生的英语水平在质量上 有较大的提高。

大纲要求

13

? (a)教学方法的改革应着眼于培养学生的创 新精神和创造能力,应强调学生的个性发 展。在外语教学中模仿和机械的语言技能 训练是必要的,但一定要注意培养学生的 分析、综合、批评和论辩的能力以及提出 问题和解决问题的能力。 ? (b)改变以教师为中心的传统教学方法,突 出学生在教学活动中的主体地位,注意培 养学生根据自身条件和需要独立学习的能 力。

? (c)将课堂教学与课外实践有机地结合起来。 课堂教学重在启发、引导,要为学生留有 足够的思维空间;课外活动要精心设计, 要注意引导,使其成为学生自习、思索、 实践和创新的过程。

Teaching content 1

? Teaching material (textbook)

? “Contemporary College English” Book 5&6
? ---梅仁毅 ? ---Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press (外语教学与研究出版社)

references
? 1. 梅仁毅, 王立礼 .《现代大学英语》教师用书,外语教学与研究出版 社 ? 2.张文庭,熊建国. 《英语修辞及惯用法》.湖南师范大学出版社. 1996年 ? 3.李鑫华.《英语修辞格详论》.上海外语出版社.2000年 ? 4.吕风芳.《英语阅读技巧》.上海外语教育出版社.1994年 ? 5.余立三. 《英汉修辞比较与翻译》.商务印书馆.1985年 ? 6. 邓炎昌,刘润清.《语言与文化》. 外语教学与研究出版社. ? 1989年 ? 7. Elisabeth B. Booz. An Brief Introduction to Modern American literature

Teaching contents
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. text comprehension and appreciationappreciation (theme, tone…) 2. translation (English to Chinese or vice versa) 3. paraphrasing 4. words/synonyms/antonyms/usage 5. sentence patterns 5. figures of speech (simile, metaphor, personification, metonymy…) 6. background information 7. writing (narration, description, argumentation, exposition)
informal…)

? 8. style analysis, including cohesion and coherence (diction, formal,
? 9. implied

meaning

学生情况
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. 学习目的 /过级/工作/学习要求 2. 学习主动性/方法/效果 3. 高原反应 4. 作业 5. 课本学习, 课外阅读 6. 早读/自习 7. 选课(词汇学,文学,语言学,二外,英美文化) 8. 考试/作弊 9. 词汇量、翻译、写作 10. 综合测评、奖学金

教学方法 ? 1. teacher centred /learnerner centred/ eclecticism ? 2. group activity/presentation ? 3. background information vs general knowledge ? 4. questions vs answers (paraphrase,sentence making , oral translation,analysis) ? 5. after- class activity (e.g .picture drawing, dictionary, data collection and reading ) ? 6. text-related writing,translation

Assessment

? Exercises (10%): There will be exercise collection for each unit.

? Class attendance (10%): ? To be qualified for the final exam, you are required to attend at least 8/10 of the classes; ? to get a score for your attendance, at least 4/5 of the courses; to get a full score, you need to attend every class (unless you have good reason to be absent and have my beforehand permission).

Assessment ? class performance (10%) ? A.. participation in the discussion ? b. initiative in asking and answering questions ? c. assignment ? d. presentation

Assessment

? Final examination (70%): Textbook-based test of progress, not test of competence.

Assessment ? Testing ? 1. vocabulary (synonym & antonym)
? ? ? ? ? ? 2. paraphrase 3. reading comprehension 4. translation (English to Chinese and C to E) 6. rhetorical devices 7. proof-reading (error correction) 8. writing

Suggestions 1

? How to preview? ? 1. Background information ? read notes after the text ? check on-line information(email) ? read relevant articles and books

Suggestions 2

? 2. Comprehension/understanding ? general idea (main idea) ? details
? --- Read Notes carefully ? ---try to answer the questions listed in the exercises, such as vocabulary, questions on content and appreciation

Suggestions 3

? 3. important sentences & difficult sentences ? See exercises about paraphrase ( pay attention to the main structure of the sentence).

Suggestions 4

? 4. structure ? Think about the following questions:
? What type of writing does the text belong to? ? How does the author organize the materials? ? How does one paragraph relate to other paragraphs?

Suggestions 5

? 5. rhetorical devices ? Think about the following questions:
? Why is the text well-written? ? How does the author achieve his writing purpose? ? What kinds of figure of speech are used in the text?

Suggestions 6

? 6.finding out the meaning of unknown words ? --- only look up those words that affect your understanding of the main idea of the text ? --- words that appear several times in the text ? --- key words

Requirements ? A good dictionary (such as The MerriamWebster Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms,Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Roget’s International Thesaurus) a good learner’s English dictionary ? previewing ? taking notes(One Notebook ) ? checking teacher’s on-line information ? group discussion and presentation ? homework(One exercise book )

1. Classification of English Dictionaries 英语辞典的分类

? 英语常用辞书主要分为词典(Dictionary)、 分类词汇汇编(Thesaurus)、同义词和反义 词(Synonyms and Antonyms)、惯用法 (Usage)、成语(Idioms)、俚语(Slang)和词 源(Etymology)等等

? 一般性英语学习型词典是我们最熟悉的品种,著 名的“英国五虎”——“牛朗剑麦柯”都有自 己的 品牌学习型词典: ? 《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(OALD,商务,7版, 2009) ? 《朗文当代高级英语辞典》(外研社,4 版, 2009) ? 《剑桥高阶英汉双解词典》(外研社,2007) 《麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典》(外研社,2006) 《柯林斯高阶英汉双解词典》 (商务,2008),

? 作为美系词典,外研社06年引进了《韦氏 高阶英汉双解美语词典》,原书由兰登书 屋出版, ? 韦氏词典的老东家麦瑞安—韦伯斯特在08 年底也出版了第一部学习型词典Webster Advanced Learner's Dictionary

1. Course plan Lesson 1: Where do we go from here? Lesson 3: Goods move. People move. Ideas move. And cultures change. Lesson 4: Professions for women. Lesson 6: Life beyond Earth. Lesson 10: Before and after September 11. Lesson 11: An Iowa Christmas

Lec 1 of unit three

Lesson three

goods move.people move.ideas move.and cultures change. Erla Zwingle

授课教案:现代大学英语精读第5册 Unit Three
? 课程名称:高级英语 ? 教学对象:英语专业本科三年级 ? 教学目的 1. 了解作者及其背景知识; ? 2.熟悉本文使用的写作手法; ? 3.掌握修辞疑问句、倒装句等修辞手法等 ? 4.熟练掌握三类构词法; ? 5.通过深刻理解文章内涵,培养学生社会洞 察力和相关的讨论能力,同时掌握文中的核心语言点。 ?

? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?

教学内容 1. 热身 2.作者 教育与背景 3.作品赏析: ? 结构分析 ? 4.写作技巧: ? 省略疑问句和修辞疑问句 ? 句 5.语言理解 ? 核心词汇学习 6.课堂讨论 7.练与讲 教学重点 1. 文学作品的赏析; 2.文学中的修辞手法―― Synecdoche (提喻) metonymy(借代) 教学方法 讲授、问答、讨论、模仿、练习 教学手段多媒体使用

倒装

Goods move. People Move. Ideas move. And Culture Change

? I. Objectives: To learn to read and understand an argumentative article. ? II. Main contents: What is globalization? The processes of globalization; Understanding of difficult words and sentences; rhetorical device of contrast.

Procedures of Teaching

? ? ? ? ?

1. Review 2. Background information 3. Theme and structure 4. Video 5. Summary and assignments

Brief Introduction to the Author

? Erla Zwingle: former National Geographic editor, now living in Venice, Italy.

Lesson 3

2. Background information

? born in Kansas City, Missouri ? lived in New York City and Washington, DC ?currently lives in Venice, Italy ?has studied French, Russian, Italian as well as English literature, American history, and art history

2. Background information

?worked as a cook on
private yachts in the Mediterranean and the South Pacific ?former National

Geographic editor

2. Background information

Goods Move. People Move. Ideas Move. And Cultures Change.

Discussion

1. Talk about globalization in your daily life. 2. What’s your own view points on globalization? ? Positive aspects: ? Negative aspects:

DISCUSSION

? what is your experience of globalization? ? How will you cope with globalization? Your attitude & plan.

Cultural background

GLOBALIZATION: DEFINITIONS (I)

? Integration (整合) and democratization (大众化) of the world’s culture, economy, and infrastructure through transnational investment, rapid proliferation (激增) of communication and information technologies, and the impacts of free-market forces on local, regional and national economies. (Microsoft Encarta)

GLOBALIZATION: DEFINITIONS (II)

? an ongoing process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a globe-spanning network of communication and execution. (WIKI)

? The term is sometimes used to refer specifically to economic globalization: the integration of national economies into the international economy through trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, migration, and the spread of technology.

? However, globalization is usually recognized as being driven by a combination of economic, technological, sociocultural, political, and biological factors. It can also refer to the transnational circulation of ideas, languages, or popular culture.

MCDONALD’S: A CASE STUDY OF GLOBALIZATION

MCDONALD’S: A CASE STUDY OF GLOBALIZATION

? The business began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by brothers Dick and Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. Their introduction of the "Speedee Service System" in 1948 established the principles of the modern fast-food restaurant. The original site of ? first Mcdonald’s, now a ? museum

MCDONALD’S: A CASE STUDY OF GLOBALIZATION

? is the world's largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving nearly 47 million customers daily. ? McDonald's restaurants are found in 119 countries and territories around the world and serve nearly 47 million customers each day. McDonald's operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide, employing more than 1.5 million people.

MCDONALD’S: A CASE STUDY OF GLOBALIZATION

http://archives.cbc.ca/economy_business/business/clip/12844/

MCDONALD’S: A CASE STUDY OF GLOBALIZATION ? the company has become a symbol of globalization and the spread of the American way of life. ? McDonald's has become emblematic of globalization, sometimes referred to as the "McDonaldization" of society. The Economist magazine uses the "Big Mac Index": the comparison of a Big Mac's cost in various world currencies can be used to informally judge these currencies' purchasing power parity (购买力平价).

? Scandinavian countries lead the Big Mac Index with four of the five most expensive Big Mac's. Norway has the most expensive Big Mac in the world as of July 2008, whilst the cheapest country is Malaysia.

joke

? Question: What is the height of globalization? Answer: Princess Diana’s death Question: How come?

2. Background information

? Answer: An English princess with an Egyptian boyfriend crashes in a French tunnel, driving a German car with a Dutch engine, driven by a Belgian who was high on Scottish whiskey, followed closely by Italian Paparazzi, on Japanese motorcycles, treated by an American doctor, using Brazilian medicines! And this is sent to you by a Malaysian, using Bill Gates’ technology which he stole from the Japanese. And you are probably reading this on one of the IBM compatible PCs that use Taiwanesemade chips, and Korean made monitors, assembled by Bangladeshi workers in a Singapore plant, transported by lorries driven by Indians, hijacked by Indonesians and finally sold to you.

1. This is a piece of argumentation. The author approaches the issue of “globalization” from a historical perspective instead of a political or economic one. 2. Effective writing skill: the rhetorical device of contrast

3. Theme and structure

? Globalization has become one of those words with the highest frequency of appearance but at the same time it is also a most controversial issue in terms of content, implication and consequence.

?.

? Since the early 1990s, globalization has developed rapidly and brought great changes to the world. However, some people for various reasons oppose globalization and point to the negative effects of globalization

3. Theme and structure

? What is the author’s view? ? The author is positive on globalization. She believes that globalization is a historical process, which is already a reality, not a choice. That is to say, it is something you have to live with, whether you like it or not. However, she doesn’t think the prospect of globalization will lead to

? “Americanization” because cultures are resourceful. To her mind, globalization will result in a cultural merging for the reason that the civilizations in the world have much in common. ? In order to develop her arguments, the author uses some important words. Please find them out while reading.

Notable Questions

? The author employs the rhetorical device of contrast. Please note her choice of words and the mood or attitude expressed through such choice of words. ? The writer quotes Toffler’s analysis of trisection of world power and “wave” conflicts. Do you agree with such analysis? Why (not)?

3. Theme and structure

? Part I (paras 1-3) ? Globalization is a reality but it is not something completely new. What is new is the speed and scope of changes. ? Part II (paras 4-6) ? different views on globalization. ? negative: cultural cloning. ? positive: demanded by ordinary people.

3. Theme and structure

? Part III (paras 7-19) ? three points discovered by the author ? Westernization is not a straight road to hell, or to paradise either. ? Cultures are as resourceful, resilient, and unpredictable as the people who compose them. ? Teenagers are one of the powerful engines of merging global cultures. ? Two examples: Amanda and Sloper

3. Theme and structure

? Part IV (paras 20-28) ? Great changes that globalization has brought to China. ? Better standard of living. ? Cultural trends in Shanghai. ? Western lifestyle. ? Open and tolerant.

3. Theme and structure

? Part V (paras 29-34) ? Alvin Toffler’s view on change

and culture.
? Waves are major changes in

civilization.
? You can have a unique culture made of your core culture.

3. Theme and structure

? Part VI (paras 35-40) ? Concluding remarks. ? Linking is what the spread of global culture ultimately means. ? Change is a reality, not a choice. ? Global culture doesn’t mean just more TV sets and Nike shoes.

2. Background information

4. Video

? Part I (Paras. 1-3): Globalization is a reality but it is not something completely new. What is new is the speed and scope of changes. ? Part II (Paras 4-6): different views on globalization ? Part III (Paras 7-9): the author’s attitude towards cultural changes coming with globalization.

? Part IV (Paras 10-13): the author’s experience with Amanda Freeman ? Part V (Paras 14-19): the author set Tom Sloper as an example to prove that fusion has become the trend. ? Part VI ( Paras 20-24): the cultural trends in Shanghai ? Part VII (Paras 25-28): the change is at the level of ideas

? Part VIII (Paras 29-34): Toffler’s view on conflict, change and world order ? Part IX (Para 35): the meaning of global culture ? Part X (Para 36): the driving force of globalization

? Part XI (Paras 37-39): another example in Shanghai to illustrate the transformation of cultures ? Part XII (Para 40): globalization is inevitable.

5. Summary and assignments ? Rhetorical devices ? Background information ? Theme and structure

5. Summary and assignments

? Read the text to get a general understanding. ? Read the first two parts in detail. ? Duty report: about China Can Say No.


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