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英语写作地方介绍公开课


基础写作技巧指导

Suppose you are a guide to describe a place to tourists, what subjects(主题)will you introduce ?

Possible subjects:

必答题 Required Question

每组选2个话题

常用词语
1.介绍地理位置(Location)

be located in…
be situated in…

lie in…
Located in…, …is known as in/on/to the south\north\east\west of... next to / close to, in the neighborhood of, neighboring...

1. 日本在中国的东方。(1’) 2. 这房子朝南。 (1’)

Japan __________________ China. is/lies to the east of The house faces (to) the south __________________.

翻译

3.新教学坐落在学校的中央。 (1’) 4.中国位于亚洲东部,是世界上最大 的国家之一。 (2’) China, located/ lying in the east of Asia, __________________________
is one of largest countries in the world.
The new teaching building __________________ the school. lies in the center of

2.介绍人口(Population): …has a population of…,

(a city) with a population of…
The population has reached...

1.北京是中国的首都,是一个有1200多万人 口的大城市。(用一句话)(4’) Beijing, the capital of China, is a large city with a population of over 12,000,000. 2.中国是一个有着13亿人口的发展中国家。 (3’)

China is a developing country, with a population of 130 million.

3.介绍面积(Area) has/covers/take up an area of…square kilometers/meters (a city) with/covering an area of…square kilometers

是(多少)长/宽/深 It is...long/wide/deep

…in length/width/depth

1.它是一个面积100多平方公里的城镇。(2’) with an area of over 100 It’s a town ______________________

______________________ square kilometers.
2.我们的学校面积很大,占地15万八千 平方米。 (2’) Our school,which takes up 158 thousand ______________________ ______________, is very large in size. square meters

4.介绍历史(History):
历史悠久 …has a long history (of …years)

with a long history (of …years)
...date back to/date from ...(追溯到...)

1.它是一个具有悠久历史的现代化城市。(1’) It is a modern city __________________. with a long history 2.牛津大学追溯到13世纪。 (2’) Oxford University___________________ dates back to the

thirteenth century. _________________

5.介绍交通(Transportation)
交通便利 …has convenient transportation (a city) with convenient transportation both on land and water 车流拥挤的 with heavy/a lot of traffic

1.交通便利但费用较高。(2’)
People can enjoy the convenience of the _________________ ________________________ but at a means of transportation relatively expensive price. 2. 上海也是一个车流很多、非常拥挤 的城市。 (2’)
Shanghai is also a very crowded city ______________________ with a lot of traffic .

6、介绍名声(reputation)
因为……而著名/作为……而著名 be famous for/as

has been famous both at home and abroad for its… 一直以来被认为是……的标志
…is long considered as the symbol of…

作为…的中心,….发挥重要的作用
As the …center of…, …plays an important role in…

1.黄山驰名中外已有一千多年,她也是中国 的一个象征。 (2’)

has been famous both ? Mt. Huang ________________________ ___________________for more than a at home and abroad thousand years, and she is also a symbol of China. 2. 因为它以气候宜人著称,它每年都吸 引数百万的游客前来度假。 (2’) ____________________________, it Famous for its pleasant climate attracts millions of visitors to spend their holiday here every year.

7. 名胜古迹(places of interest)
有很多名胜古迹: places of interest/ historical spots 著名旅游景点之一 one of the famous scenic spots; one of the famous tourist attractions With its… , it attracts….

富于…… 盛产……
…is rich in…/is abundant in (natural resources…)

1.承德是全国24个历史文化名城之一,也是44个风 景名胜之一。 (2’) Chengde City is not only one of the well-known 24 historical and cultural cities but also one of the 44 major scenic spots in China. _____________________________________ 2.With its beautiful scenery, Guangzhou _______ is also abundant in traveling resources (旅游资源丰富). ___________________________ (2’)

8. 气候(climate)
? With the River Thames running through(流经) the centre of the city, warm and a London enjoyswet climate. _______________________(温暖潮湿的气 候)(2’) too hot nor too cold neither ? It is ____________________________(既 不太冷也不太热) all year around. (2’) ? The climate here is very pleasant. 这里气候宜人。 (2’) ? ____________________________

Quick Response

抢答题( Each 4’*5)

请根据中文, 完成短文。 Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as City of Flowers, serves as the capital city of Guangdong and (1) ___________________ the centre of its __________________________________________ politics,economy,science,education, ______________(政治,经济,科学,教育,文 and culture 化中心).(2) _______________________________ Covering / With an area of 7434.4 _________________ (全市面积7434.4平方公里), square kilometers it is home to more than 11 million people.

Located in the middle of Guangdong, north of the Pearl River Delta with the Pearl River winding its way through the city, Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate (3)___________________________ (气候温暖湿 a history 润). Besides, it is a famous city with (4)________ ______________________(有着2, 200多年历 of more than 2, 200 years 史)and a starting port of the Maritime Silk Road. With its beautiful scenery, Guangzhou (5) is also abundant in traveling resources (旅游资源丰 _______ _____________________ 富).

你参加了学校的旅游兴趣小组,在汇报课上,各小组 成员要介绍一个独具魅力的城市,以下是你搜集到的 关于香港的信息。

基本 靠近广东省南端, 西邻澳门, 以旅游、美食、购物、 信息 影视等闻名 地方 1.汇聚来自世界各地的名牌, 是购物的理想胜地; 特色 2.有众多著名旅游景点, 如迪士尼乐园, 海洋公园, 南丫岛等, 是人们休闲度假的好去处; 3.在香港人开设的餐厅, 游客可以以实惠的价格品 尝地方美食; 4.香港人富有创造力和热情, 他们用智慧和勤劳的 双手创造美好的将来。

参考词汇:澳门 Macao南丫岛 Lemma Island [写作内容] 请根据以上表格内容, 介绍香港的有关情况。 [写作要求] 只能使用5个句子表达全部的内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确, 信息内容完整,篇章结构连 贯。

1. analyze the directions (审题) ?tense and voice (时态和语态)

一般现在时 ?person (人称) 第三人称 ?style (文章题材) 应用文 ?the important points (要点要全)

2.List the important points out : 1.靠近广东省南端, be situated/located close to the south of Guangdong

2.西邻澳门

lies to the east of Macao
3.以旅游、美食、购物、影视等闻名

famous for traveling, food, shopping and film industry

Let’s try! Use only one sentence to cover all the information above.
? 1.Hong Kong, a city situated close to the south of Guangdong and to the east of Macao, is famous for traveling, food, shopping and film industry as well. ? 2.Hong Kong is a city which is situated close to the south of Guangdong and to the east of Macao and it is famous for traveling, food, shopping and film industry as well.

* 语法,句法高分tips
1.使用定语从句或同位语优化句子表达
南极洲世界上最寒冷的地方,常年有冰雪覆盖

Antarctica, which is covered with cold thick ice and deep snow all(the) year round, is the coldest continent in the world. Antarctica, the coldest continent in the world,is covered with cold thick ice and deep snow all year round.

4.来自世界各地的名牌
various kinds of brands from all over the world

5.购物的理想胜地 an ideal place for shopping

Let’s try!
In this modern city, there are various kinds of brands from all over the world for people to choose from, which makes Hong Kong an ideal place for shopping.

6.著名旅游景点, 如迪士尼乐园, 海洋公园, 南丫岛等
the famous scenic spots, such as the Disneyland, the Ocean Park, the Lemma Island and so on 7. 好去处

an exciting place where people can….

Let’s try!
? Hong Kong is also an exciting place where people can enjoy their leisure time and holiday by visiting the famous scenic spots, such as the Disneyland, the Ocean Park, the Lemma Island and so on.

8.香港人开设的餐厅
restaurants run by the local people

9.以实惠的价格 at a reasonable price Let’s try! In the restaurants run by the local people, visitors can enjoy the delicious food at a reasonable price.

10.富有创造力和热情 creative and passionate 11.用智慧和勤劳的双手 with wisdom and diligence Let’s try! ? Hong Kong people are creative and passionate, creating their promising future with wisdom and diligence.

* 语法,句法高分tips
2.运用非谓语动词和with结构优化句子表达
我的家乡位于中国广东,毗邻香港

neighboring Hong My hometown,_________________ Kong,
is located in Guangdong Province of China. 这座城市占地面积达7, 434平方公里, 人口大 约是10, 000, 000。

Covering a total area of 7, 434 square ____________________
kilometers, this city has a population of about ten million.

3.Organize the sentences you have written and add link words if necessary.
For example besides, furthermore, moreover, what’s more, in addition, additionally but, however, nevertheless

Let’s share!

[参考范文] Hong Kong, a city situated close to the south of Guangdong and to the east of Macao, is famous for traveling, food, shopping and film industry as well. In this modern city, there are various kinds of brands from all over the world for people to choose from, which makes Hong Kong an ideal place for shopping.

Hong Kong is also an exciting place where people can enjoy their leisure time and holiday by visiting the famous scenic spots, such as the Disneyland, the Ocean Park, the Lemma Island and so on. In the restaurants run by the local people, visitors can enjoy the delicious food at a reasonable price. What’s more, Hong Kong people are creative and passionate, creating their promising future with wisdom and diligence.

2012年体育盛事—奥运会将在伦敦举行。你校一年一 度的英语体育节将至,请你根据以下表格内容, 用英 语写一篇介绍伦敦的文章,张贴在体育节的宣传栏上。 [写作内容] 概况 伦敦是英国政治、经济、文化中心和首要工 业城市。位于英国东南部, 面积1580平方公里 天气 天气多变,时常下雨 交通 交通方便、发达, 但费用较高 旅游 风光旖旎, 吸引了四方游客, 给游客留下了深 刻的印象

[写作指导]

写作时, 分清题目背景引入说明部分和真正的 写作内容。本题中, “2012年体育盛事—奥运会将 在伦敦举行”、“你校一年一度的英语体育节将 至”只是引入该基础写作的一个背景说明。根据 题目要求,真正的写作内容仅仅是表格内的信息, 写作时不能画蛇添足。对于信息量较大的句子, 可 考虑使用“with+宾语+宾语补足语”的结构, 例如: (1) London is situated in the southeast of England, with an area of 1580 square kilometers.

[参考范文] London, the most important industrial city of England, serves as the centre of its political, economic and cultural life. Located in the southeast of England, it covers an area of 1580 square kilometers. The weather is changeable and it rains often. People can enjoy the convenience of the means of transportation, but at a relatively expensive price. With its beautiful scenery, London attracts visitors from all over the world, leaving them a deep impression.


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