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牛津高中英语Unit1阅读学案学生版


模块六 unit 1 词汇提纲

模块六 unit 1 词汇提纲
1. make fun of 意为“取笑,拿??开玩笑” 。 取笑一个跛子是不对的。______________________________________________________ 与 fun 相关的短语有 have fun doing sth. ________________; fun____________________; in for fun _______________________ ◎This is not a match. We’re playing chess just for ____. A .habit B .hobby C. fun D. game ◎I don't enjoy _________ fun of by others. A. to make B. to be made C. making D. being made 2. response n. 作答,回答;响应,反应 常用结构为: in response 作为回答; in response to 作为对??答复;作为对??反应 她没有回我的信。_____________________________________________ 他立刻写信给我作了回答。____________________________________________________ 为回报他们的热情, 我们写了一封感谢信。_______________________________________ response 的动词形式为 respond,词组 respond to 意为“对??的反应;对??的答复” 。 When Tom laughed at me, I responded with a kick.___________________________________ 她收到我的信, 给我回了个电话. ________________________________________________ 3. reaction n. 反应 react v. 反应 She slapped him and called him names, but he didn't react._____________________________ How did they react to your suggestion? ____________________________________________ Your applause would react on /upon the speaker._____________________________________ The news of Huang Jianxiang’s resignation produced an immediate reaction from the press. ____________________________________________________________________________ 他对这消息的反应如何?______________________________________________________ ◎It was difficult to guess what her _____ to the news would be. A. impression B. comment C. reaction D. opinion 4. live adj. 现场直播的, 生动的 It wasn't a recorded show, it was live. 这不是录音表演,这是现场转播。 每个星期天电视里都有现场直播的足球比赛。_____________________________________ You won't see live animals in a museum. __________________________________________ 请注意区分:比较 alive, living, lively, live ◎The only season that makes one feel ___ is the spring. A. lively B. living C. live D. lovely ◎Who is the greatest poet _______ today? A. living B. alive C. to live D. lived ◎Is his grandfather still _______? A. living B. alive C. to live D. lived ◎The football match was televised from the People’s Stadium. A. lively B. living C. live D. alive
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模块六 unit 1 词汇提纲

5. amuse vt. 使愉快,使高兴。 常用词组:amuse oneself by / with 以??自娱,消遣; be amused to do 做??取乐。 His story amused us, and we couldn't help laughing. 他们以看旧照片消遣._________________________________________________________ Sally was amused to play with butterflies. 【拓展】amused 指“(人、表情等)愉快的,觉得好玩的” ;amusing 指“(物)好玩的,有 趣的” 。例如: Mike was so amused when he was playing with monkeys.______________________________ This is such an amusing story that we all enjoy reading it.______________________________ *amusement 为 amuse 的名词形式, 意为“娱乐,快乐” 。 俱乐部里有许多娱乐活动。__________________________________________________ 6. worth, worthy, worthwhile 的用法 1)worth 常用主动表被动含义,常用句型为:主语+ be + worth+ doing/n. 2)worthy 后接 of 短语 或 主语+be +worthy +of+ being done 或 主语+ be +worthy +to be done. 3)worthwhile 作表语时, 常用 it 作形式主语, 常用句型为: is/was + worthwhile to do/doing. It 这本书值得读:The book is worth reading. =The book is worthy of being read. =The book is worthy to be read. =It is worthwhile to read the book. =It is worthwhile reading the book. (1) His behaviour is _________ of great praise. (2) The film is _______ seeing a second time. (3) It is ________ to visit the place. (4) It is _________ discussing the problem. ◎They did not find _____ to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet. A. worth their while B. it worthwhile C. it worth D. it worthy ◎It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again. A. worth B. worthy C. worthwhile D. worth while 7. master n. 大师;师傅 主人 v. 掌握,精通 这幅画是名家之作。___________________________________________________________ 中国人民已经成为自己国家的主人。_____________________________________________ 我们认为学好一种外语不太难。 ________________________________________________ 8. take on 接受,雇佣 医生说我太疲劳了,并劝我不要承担更多的工作。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 他被一家工厂录用当工人。____________________________________________________ 相关词组 take in_______________; take over_______________; take up______________; take down____________ 在那里,一对老夫妻收留了她。 _______________________________________________ 别相信他——他会骗你的。____________________________________________________
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模块六 unit 1 词汇提纲

艾伦在父亲去世后接管了农场。________________________________________________ 学英语占了我许多时间。______________________________________________________ 她记下我的住址。____________________________________________________________ 9. cross vt. 使交叉 其反义词为 uncross 常用词组 cross out 意为“划掉,删掉” 。 这两条路彼此交叉。______________________________________________________ 你最好把最后一个名字划掉。______________________________________________ ●cross 作动词时,还有“越过,穿过”之意。 The soldiers took 3 days to cross the desert. ●cross 还可用作名词,意为“十字架,十字形” 。 The place is marked on the map with a cross. ●across 为介词,意为“穿过,越过” ;crossing 为名词,意为“十字路口” 10. raise vt. 抬高,举起,使上升 他们举杯为两国人民的友谊干杯。_______________________________________________ 注意下列句中的 raise 的意思: She raised a very important question at the meeting.___________________________________ The leader raised his voice so that we could all hear. __________________________________ We raised a good crop of tomatoes this year. ________________________________________ They increased their income by raising silkworms.____________________________________ ●与 rise 之比较:两者都有“上升”之意,但 raise 是及物动词,而 rise 为不及物动词。 太阳从东方升起,在西方落下。________________________________________________ ◎He stood against the wall with his right hand____. A. raised B. raising C. risen D. rose ◎The professor ________ his voice to make himself ______. A. rose; heard B. rose; hearing C. raised; heard D. raised; hear 11. bow vi.&n. 鞠躬 常用词组有 bow to“向??低头,接受,同意” 。 她向观众鞠躬。_____________________________________________________________ 女王走进房间时,每个人都鞠躬致敬。_________________________________________ He made a low bow to his teacher.________________________________________________ 12. fool n.傻瓜,愚蠢的人 vt. 愚弄,欺骗 你真是个大傻瓜 __________________________________________________________ 他骗了许多人,让人相信他是个富翁。_______________________________________ ●foolish 为 fool 的形容词形式 ,意为“愚蠢的,笨的” 。 13. tear vt. 撕,扯 常用的词组有 tear up__________________;tear down______________________; tear in half / two_____________________。 她看完信后就把它撕碎了。___________________________________________
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模块六 unit 1 词汇提纲

他们正在拆除那些旧房子,以便修一条新路。 _________________________________________________________________________ The ticket collector tore my ticket in two and handed back the return half. _________________________________________________________________________ 【拓展】tear 还可用作名词,意为“眼泪” 。 She burst into tears the moment she saw her lost daughter.____________________________ ◎A lot of the buildings along that road will be ___ to make room for the new highway. A. torn away B. torn down C. torn up D. torn apart ◎When he heard the sudden bad news, he ____. A. burst into tear B. bursted into tears C. bursted into tear D. burst into tears 14. burst in 突然冲入 警察突然闯进逮捕了那个杀人犯________________________________________________. ·burst in 还有“突然打断(插嘴)”之意。例如: "I don't see why I must not go,” he burst in angrily. __________________________________ ·与 burst 相关词组有:burst into_________________;burst out ___________________。 They were so moved that they burst into tears. ______________________________________ Scarcely had she heard the sad story when she burst out crying. ________________________ ◎When she heard from the hospital that her father had died, she ______ into tears. A. burst B. went C. exploded D. fell 15. glance; stare; glare ? 这组动词都与“看”有关。glance 意为“匆匆一瞥” ,是不及物动词,其后必须接介 词 at, over 等才可以接宾语。如: He glanced at his watch. ______________________________________________________ She glanced down the list of names. _____________________________________________ ? stare 意为“凝视” ,它也是一个不及物动词,其后通常接介词 at 才能接宾语。如: She stared at him in surprise. _____________________________________________________ glare 意为“怒视;瞪眼” ,也是不及物动词,其后要接介词 at 后才能接宾语。如: They stood glaring at each other.他们互相怒目而视地站着。 ◎She______shyly at him out of the corners of her eyes. A. stared B. glared C. glanced D. watched 16. hold out 拿出 He held out his hand and stopped a taxi in front of the cinema.________________________ 【拓展】hold out 还有“坚持 (抵抗) ,顶住 (压力) ;维持,够用”之意。例如: 我们虽然缺水,但还可以再坚持一天. __________________________________________ How long can they hold out against these attacks? ____________________________________ ◎I tried to work on, but I was so tired that I could no longer ___________. A. hold out B. keep out C. stick to D. insist on
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