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2013高考考前20天最后押题·英语


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2013 高考考前 20 天最后押题·英语
最后押题 1 —I’ll take the iPhone.
—You mean I have to use that old mobile phone? ________. A. That’s all ri

ght C. Don’t mention it 押题理由 B. Forget it D. With pleasure

高考大纲明确指出要通过教学来培养学生的交际能力,所以试题中利

用语境考查学生英文交际能力的题型成为每年的必考题。 破题关键 考查交际用语。句意:——我要用这个 iPhone 手机。——你的意思是

我必须要用那个旧手机吗?休想。Forget it."不可能,休想",符合语境。That’s all right. "不要紧,没关系",用来回应别人的道歉。Don’t mention it."不客气",用于回答别人的 道谢。With pleasure."当然了,很愿意",表示客气地接受或同意。 满分解答 最后提醒 B 做交际用语题要遵循两大原则交际原则——委婉与礼貌。此外,考生

还要注意一些常考题型的积累,如答谢和道歉的一些常用表达;另外,还要注意中西方 文化的差异。

最后押题 2 Lin Dan’s recent book, based on his experience as ________ Olympic
badminton gold winner, became ________ best-seller in China. A. an; a 押题理由 B. /; a C. an; the D. /; the

冠词是大多数省市高考命题热点之一。单项填空、完形填空、短文改

错中都经常涉及。 破题关键 考查冠词。第一空指作为一个奥运会羽毛球金牌获得者,表泛指,而

且 Olympic 发音以元音音素开头,故用 an;第二空 a best-seller 泛指"一本畅销书"。 满分解答 最后提醒 实用。 A 1. 牢记冠词基本用法。2.注意冠词的习惯搭配。3. 灵活掌握,注重

最后押题 3 Many students take photos and upload them onto their microblogs —
________ they think their parents just don’t understand. A. everything B. anything C. nothing D. something

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押题理由

正确使用代词是灵活掌握英语的必备能力之一。不定代词是代词部分

的重点和难点,故该类题成为考试常考的题型。 破题关键 考查不定代词。句意:很多学生照照片并将照片上传到他们的微博上

——某种他们认为父母不理解的东西。something"某事,某物",此处指微博。 满分解答 最后提醒 D 这类题型需要考生紧密结合上下文,注意要填的代词与上下文关键词

的关系。重点注意常考词的语法功能及意义,如 all, both, either, neither, none 以及 it, one, that。

最后押题 4 A surveyor’s inspection of the building revealed faults that might
________ have been overlooked. A. almost 押题理由 B. therefore C. moreover D. otherwise

词汇是语言最基本最重要的组成部分,能否正确使用词汇直接决定语

言交际的准确性。副词辨析是高考考查的热点。 破题关键 考查副词辨析。句意: 巡视员对那栋房子的检查揭露了如果不检查就

可能被忽略的缺陷。 otherwise 意为"否则, 不然", 符合句意。 句子可改写为: the surveyor If had not inspected the building, the faults might have been overlooked。 满分解答 最后提醒 D 理解句意,并认识选项中的单词,区分它们之间的异同。熟悉考纲中

的大纲词汇,根据语境选择合适的单词。

最后押题 5 —Do you know something about Michael Phelps?
—Of course. The Flying Fish. He has got 18 gold medals in the Olympic Games. I’m afraid nobody could be ________. A. the best 押题理由 B. any better C. any worse D. the worst

比较等级是形容词、副词专项中重要的构成部分。由于其易错性,一

直是考试当中常出现的考点。 破题关键 考查形容词的级的相关用法。 nobody could be any better 意为"没有更厉

害的了",对形容词的比较级的否定可以表示最高级含义。 满分解答 最后提醒 B 掌握比较等级的基本用法。注意比较级表最高级的表达。

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最后押题 6 ________ those poor students at university, you must live up to your
promise, whatever happens. A. Committing yourself to sponsoring B. Committed to sponsoring C. Having committed yourself to sponsoring D. To be committed to sponsor 押题理由 非谓语动词的考查是每年高考的热点,在高考中占有很重的分量。毋

庸置疑,2013 年的高考将继续加强对非谓语动词的考查。 破题关键 考查非谓语动词。句意:既然已经承诺资助贫困大学生,无论发生什

么你都必须信守诺言。commit sb. to doing sth."承诺做某事","承诺"这一动作发生在谓 语动词之前,故用过去分词形式表示完成,被动。 满分解答 最后提醒 B 首先明确核心动词的用法,及物还是不及物,其次弄清楚该动词的逻

辑主语与该动词之间的关系。考生需要注意设问角度的多样化,其中分词考查仍会是重 点。

最后押题 7 ________ more tourists, travel agencies from both China and the DPRK
have developed a package of new products. A. Attracting 押题理由 破题关键 B. Attracted C. To attract D. Having attracted

不定式作状语与其他句式结合的考点需要大家注意。 考查非谓语动词。 句意: 为了吸引更多的游客, 中国和朝鲜的旅行社已

经推出了一系列的新产品。根据句意可知,此处应用不定式作目的状语。 满分解答 最后提醒 C 扎实的动词知识是做好该类题目的关键所在。一些常考的、常用的动

词需要大家在最后阶段进行巩固复习。

最后押题 8 A piece of furniture ________ by Peter last week, but we don’t know
whether he has completed it. A. was made 押题理由 破题关键 B. has been made C. had been made D. was being made

时态和语态时每年高考的必考点,在高考中占有很重的分量。 考查时态。句意:Peter 上周一直在做一件家具,但我们不知道他现在

是否已经做好了。根据句意及 last week 可知,此处表示过去正在进行的动作,故应用过 -3-

去进行时;furniture 和 make 之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,故应使用过去进行时的被动 语态。 满分解答 最后提醒 D 纵观历年高考的时态、 语态试题可以看出如下命题特点: 1.给出明确的

时间状语;2.没有明确的时间状语,但有其他动词时态或形式作参照;3.在一个对话小 语境中考查时态的运用。 做题时应找准主谓关系, 并根据上下文找准事情所发生的时间。 另外,注意特殊句式中的时态语态,如 It is the first time that he has come here.同时结合 具体语境进行选择。

最后押题 9 What he said just now had little to do with the question ________
discussion. A. on 押题理由 词的固定搭配。 破题关键 考查介词。句意:他刚才说的话和正在讨论的问题关系不大。under B. in C. under D. at

介词是英语中最活跃的词类之一,尤其要注意它与动词、形容词和名

discussion 为习惯搭配,意为"在讨论中"。 满分解答 最后提醒 不同释义。 C 介词在不同的语境中会表示不同的意思,所以考生要注意积累介词的

最后押题 10 If you want to be popular, ________, join in our class activities and
make a contribution to our class if possible. A. after all 押题理由 B. in all C. at all D. above all

介词短语辨析是介词题目的另外一种考查方式,因各个选项形式上比

较接近,也常常作为考查英语能力的一种题目。 破题关键 考查介词短语辨析。句意:如果你想受欢迎,最重要的是要参加我们

的班级活动,如果可能的话对我们的班级做出贡献。above all"最重要的是,尤其是", 符合句意。after all"毕竟",in all"总共",at all"完全"。 满分解答 最后提醒 D 注意相近短语的细微差异,注意汉语与英语的翻译差异。

最后押题 11 Dreaming that you are falling ________ that you care too much about
a particular thing in real life. -4-

A. proves 押题理由

B. indicates

C. expresses

D. states

动词是构成英语语言的重要组成部分,也是考查学生英语水平的参考

标准,高考常以动词辨析的考试形式考查。 破题关键 考查动词。句意:梦到自己坠落,说明在现实生活中你对某件事太过

在意了。that 后的宾语从句说明了"梦见自己坠落"的潜在意义,故 indicate"暗示,显示" 符合句意。prove "证明";express "表达";state"陈述"。 满分解答 最后提醒 B 理解各个选项的用法,尤其要注意可能构成固定结构的表达。最后冲

刺阶段,考生应该注意对自己常常搞混的动词加以积累,并在平时的阅读中注意高考高 频动词的用法。

最后押题 12 Learning English, though hard in the process, will ________ in the
long run. A. pay off 押题理由 B. show off C. go off D. turn off

动词短语辨析是每年高考的必考点,因其相似性,多样性,易混性,

一直是考生应该重点关注的题目。 破题关键 考查动词短语。句意:学习英语从长远来看是值得的,虽然学习过程

很艰苦。pay off 取得成功,奏效,符合句意。show off 炫耀;go off 变质,爆炸;turn off 关闭。 满分解答 最后提醒 A 这类题型需要考生紧密结合上下文,做题时将句意和选项有机结合起

来。考生应该注意对自己常常搞混的动词短语对比分析,加以积累,并在平时的阅读中 注意并领会高考高频动词短语的用法。

最后押题 13 According to the agreement, you ________ be fined if you fail to meet
the goal. A. will 押题理由 B. must C. might D. shall

情态动词一直是高考考查的重点,考生掌握起来也有一定难度。其中

情态动词表推测和可能性的用法是考查频率最高的考点。 破题关键 考查情态动词。句意:按照协议,如果你没有达到目标,你将会被罚

款。shall 用于第二、三人称,表示说话人给对方的承诺、警告、命令等,符合句意。 满分解答 D -5-

最后提醒

这类题型需要理解句意,体会并领悟题干的情感和语气,根据选项的

语法功能进行答题。因每个情态动词除了其基本意思之外,都有其专有的特殊概念,所 以考生一定要熟悉,这样在考试当中才会游刃有余。

最后押题 14 Talking of the car accident, there is in today’s paper an accurate
account of ________ it happened last night. A. which 押题理由 破题关键 B. how C. when D. what

从句是高考必考内容, 名词性从句的关系词的选择是高考的热门考点。 考查名词性从句。句意:谈到这次车祸,今天的报纸上有关于昨晚它

如何发生的准确描述。根据句意可知,此处应由 how 引导宾语从句,作介词 of 的宾语。 满分解答 最后提醒 B 名词性从句做题的关键:分析句子结构,看从句缺少什么成分;若果

不缺成分用 that 引导;如果缺少成分,根据语意选择连接词。

最后押题 15 The most impressive sites of Chishui Danxia are its various waterfalls,
________ the Shizhang Waterfall is the largest one. A. for which 押题理由 破题关键 B. in which C. from which D. of which

定语从句是高考的又一热门考点。 考查"介词+关系代词"引导的定语从句。句意:赤水丹霞给人印象最深

的地方是各种各样的瀑布,其中十丈洞瀑布是最大的。the Shizhang Waterfall 与 various waterfalls 之间为所属关系,故用 of which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 waterfalls。 满分解答 最后提醒 D 牢牢记住住可以引导定语从句的连接词,并掌握这些连接词的用法区

别。"介词+关系代词"引导的定语从句可以用还原法确定介词的搭配。

最后押题 16 The woman determined to use the last ten yuan to buy food and then
wait for death ________ she thought it was a shame to beg. A. when 押题理由 B. as C. while D. though

状语从句是高考的必考内容,常考的有时间状语从句,原因状语从句,

让步状语从句,条件状语从句。连接词的选择是状语从句的重要考点。 破题关键 考查状语从句。句意:那个女人决定用最后的十块钱买些食物,然后

就等死,因为她觉得乞讨太丢人了。根据逻辑关系可知,此空需要表示原因的连词,故 选 as。 -6-

满分解答 最后提醒

B 理解分析主句和从句的关系,根据选项找准连接词。状语从句中常考

句型要熟记于心;as, though, although 引导的让步状如从句的用法区别关键看句子结构 是正常语序还是倒装语序。

最后押题 17 He always keeps silent when others are talking excitedly, ________
inwardly he is a man full of passion. A. and 押题理由 破题关键 B. for C. so D. yet

并列连词是高考重要考点之一。 考查并列连词。句意:在别人兴高采烈地讨论的时候他总是保持沉默,

然而,内心深处他其实是一个激情澎湃的人。空前后为转折关系,故用 yet,表示"但是, 然而"。 满分解答 最后提醒 D 掌握常考并列连词的含义和用法。

最后押题 18 Nicholas Rilling is a bright-eyed, active 5-year-old boy, normal in
every way. What is 1 is that he’s that way today after three days’ 3 for some 8 minutes. 2 that

resulted from his being underwater without

It was Oct. 17. The Maryland family were enjoying a vacation at a beach resort in Puerto Rico. The shallow water suggested no couldn’t find his son Nick! The sunlight dancing on the water made it difficult for Kent to see where his son was. After an anxious and hurried 6 up and down, he suddenly found his son 8 9 . black," Kent said. "We picked him up, ran him up 7 face-up 4 . But after a while when Kent Rilling 5 , he

on the bottom, his eyes open, his body "He just looked gray and his to the 10

and just started CPR(心肺复苏) at once." 11 unconscious, his breathing assisted by a

For three days in hospital, Nick

breathing machine. The whole time, from the beginning when her husband brought Nick to the beach to give first aid as a crowd of other taking pictures and videos of what was going on. 12 gathered around, Cynthia Rilling kept

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" 13

as I was, I knew in my heart he was going to

14

. There was no way God

was going to take our son from us. And I just said,‘I’m going to take pictures so he can see the 15 he went through when he grows older.’" 16 . Finally, on

The family kept praying at his bedside, talking to him, hoping for a the fourth day, when his parents asked him what SquarePants," he answered. 17

he liked, "SpongeBob

After five days, Nick was well enough to be discharged from the hospital, showing no ill 18 from his 19 experience. The doctors and nurses organized a " 20 party"

for him, and Nick was happy to watch his SpongeBob SquarePants on TV. 1. A. remarkable 2. A. illness 3. A. help 4. A. danger 5. A. turned up 6. A. search 7. A. swimming 8. A. breathless 9. A. legs 10. A. boat 11. A. remained 12. A. doctors 13. A. Angry 14. A. look through 15. A. fun 16. A. speech 17. A. book 18. A. effects 19. A. disappointing 20. A. reunion B. frightening B. unconsciousness B. food B. interest B. looked up B. hike B. struggling B. colorless B. eyes B. beach B. became B. couples B. Excited B. pull through B. luck B. response B. friend B. evidence B. interesting B. birthday C. common C. cure C. care C. difficult y C. stayed up C. investigation C. floating C. hopeless C. lips C. clinic C. turned C. friends C. Sad C. pass away C. operation C. laugh C. toy C. impression C. favorable C. rebirth D. obvious D. treatment D. oxygen D. fish D. got up D. rescue D. diving D. motionless D. hands D. hospital D. went D. vacationers D. Hopeful D. run away D. experience D. look D. cartoon D. injuries D. near-death D. dinner

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押题理由

本文是一篇记叙文,是高考完形填空常见的文体之一,主题明确,线

索清晰,情节完整,符合高考完形填空的选材特征,并且本文原汁原味,很适合作为完 形填空挖空设题。 破题关键 那结果如何呢? 1. 由下文可知,Nick 大难不死,可谓是一次不同寻常的经历。故选 A。 2. 根据第五段的首句可知,他昏迷了三天。故选 B。 3. 由第三段可知,Nick 溺水了。这里指他在水下缺氧约 8 分钟。故选 D。 4. 由常识可知浅水区基本没有危险。故 A 项正确。 5. 根据语境可知,Kent Rilling 抬起头时,却找不到儿子 Nick 了!故选 B。 6. 儿子在水中消失了,他当然是焦急地来回搜寻。search"搜索,搜寻"符合语境。 故选 A。 7. Nick 溺水差不多 8 分钟了,已经失去了知觉,所以是脸朝上在水里"漂着"。故选 C。 8. 失去知觉了,身体自然一动不动。故选 D。说身体 breathless,colorless,hopeless 都不合适。 9. 根据常识可知,人如果长时间缺氧,嘴唇会发黑。故选 C。 10. 根据第五段中的"her husband brought Nick to the beach to give first aid"可知,这 里是把孩子带到海滩上实施急救。故选 B。 11. 由第四段中的在海滩上实施心肺复苏可知,那时孩子已经失去了知觉,到了医 院依然(remained)处于昏迷状态。故选 A。 12. 由第二段中的"The Maryland family were enjoying a vacation"可知,他们是在度 假。因此这里是指孩子出事后,别的度假者也围了过来。故 D 项符合语境。 13. 孩子溺水,生命垂危,母亲自然很伤心。故选 C 项。 14. 根据后文的"There was no way God was going to take our son from us."可知这位 母亲相信儿子会痊愈。 pull through"康复, 痊愈"符合语境。 look through"浏览"; pass away "去世";run away"逃走"。故选 B。 15. 溺水昏迷后苏醒,是 Nick 的一次经历。故选 D。其余选项与语境不符。 16. 对昏迷中的孩子说话,希望他能苏醒过来,能有回应。故 response"反应"符合 语境。故选 B。 -9一个 5 岁男孩在海边浅水区玩耍时溺水,父母紧急抢救并送往医院。

17. 根据文章最后一句中的"Nick was happy to watch his SpongeBob SquarePants on TV"可知,父母问他喜欢什么样的动画片。故选 D。 18. Nick 康复出院了,没有任何后遗症。ill effects"不良后果"符合语境。evidence "证据",impression"表情",injuries"受伤",均不符合语境。故选 A。 19. 他从濒临死亡的经历中康复过来,且没有留下后遗症。只有 D 项符合语境。 20. Nick 溺水昏迷后痊愈,与死神擦肩而过,死而复生。故 rebirth"重生",符合语 境。故选 C。 满分解答 最后提醒 1—5 ABDAB 6—10 ACDCB 11—15 ADCBD 16—20 BDADC

完形填空第一句话往往不设空,它是理解文章的突破口,可以帮助快

速掌握文章大意,切记不可忽视。同时,做完形填空不能孤立的只看某个句子,要紧密 联系上下文,揣测作者的写作意图,根据语境答题。

最后押题 19 It happened to me several years ago when I was with my parents and
sister on 1 on a farm close to Medellin. We were in a car, and it was 2:00 in the 2 . 3 in some places in Columbia to stop and help 4 . Actually, I have heard of so

morning. We came upon a car

As is known to all, it is too

strangers because it can be risky; you can be many who 5 6

in which people were robbed just because they stopped and tried to help people to need help from the passers-by. 8 , we decided to do

7 , we didn’t know whether to stop or not; but in the end, it. They really had a car accident and some of them were They were really 10

9 . We took them to the hospital.

, and we also felt very good about helping them. 11 my grandfather and uncle about that, they 13 15

I remember the next day when we said we shouldn’t have 12

because it was too dangerous. They thought we were 14 and still take a vacation on the farm. They

because we were able to tell the us never to do that again.

I think it was risky, but it was worth

16 . Otherwise, we would always have 18

17 to

if it was real. Also, if we hadn’t helped them, who knows what would have them.

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I believe one of the facts that helped us to make up our were four people in the car. Maybe if I had been by myself stopped. 1. A. duty 2. A. robbery 3. A. convenient 4. A. robbed 5. A. passers-by 6. A. refused 7. A. However 8. A. unfortunately 9. A. caught 10. A. thankful 11. A. told 12. A. survived 13. A. brave 14. A. message 15. A. advised 16. A. taking advice 17. A. wandered 18. A. happened 19. A. brains 20. A. in the future 押题理由 B. time B. accident B. dangerous B. praised B. cars B. offered B. So B. unwillingly B. wounded B. risky B. spoke B. stopped B. kind B. report B. suggested B. making trouble B. wondered B. faced B. decisions B. at that time C. show C. trade C. kind C. appreciated C. cases C. pretended C. Otherwise C. unexpectedly C. killed C. peaceful C. informed C. driven C. lucky C. joke C. persuaded C. taking a risk C. remembered C. meant C. intentions C. at times

19 20

to stop was that we , I wouldn’t have

D. vacation D. race D. difficult D. punished D. problems D. decided D. Yet D. fortunately D. injured D. frightened D. reminded D. fled D. stubborn D. story D. forced D. making a choice D. regretted D. given D. minds D. time and again

本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,是高考完形填空最常见的文体,主题鲜明,

语言地道,作者描述了自己的亲身经历以及内心感受,这类材料是高考完形填空中最常 见的。本文题目设置科学合理,难易程度与高考真题相当。 破题关键 受。 1. D。考查上下文呼应。由文章第四段中的"...and still take a vacation on the farm"可 知作者和他的父母及妹妹在度假,所以选用 vacation。 - 11 本文讲述了作者在哥伦比亚帮助陌生人的事情以及事后作者的内心感

2. B。考查上下文呼应。由文章第三段中的"They really had a car accident"可知作者 他们遇到了一起交通事故,所以选 accident。 3. B。 考查语境理解。 根据本文的主题及本句中的"to stop and help strangers"和"risky" 可知,此处指在哥伦比亚帮助陌生人是件危险的事情,所以选用 dangerous。 4. A。考查上下文呼应。由下一句中的"people have been robbed"可知这里应选用 robbed。 5. C。考查名词辨析。这里 cases 后面接了一个定语从句,此处表示作者听说过很多 人停下来帮助别人而遭到抢劫的案例,所以选 C 项。 6. C。考查语境理解。由上文中的"people were robbed"可以推断出抢劫的那些人假 装需要帮助,所以选用 pretended。 7. B。考查行文逻辑。上一段提到了"听说过很多人停下来帮助别人而遭到抢劫的案 例",本段开头提到"不知道是否应该停下来",与上一段构成了逻辑上的因果关系,此处 用 So 表示结果。 8. D。考查语境理解。由下文中的"They really had a car accident and some of them were..."可知作者停下来帮助了确实需要帮助的人,所以作者觉得这是一件庆幸的事,所 以选用 fortunately。 9. D。考查语境理解。在交通事故中受伤应该用 injure,故选 D 项。wound 侧重指 外界暴力、刀、枪、利器等造成身体受伤。 10. A。考查语境理解。由下文中的"and we also felt very good about helping them"可 以推测出受到作者帮助的那些人向作者表达深深的谢意,所以用 thankful。 11. A。考查固定搭配。tell sb. about sth.意为"告诉某人某事";speak 后跟某人时要 接介词 to,即 speak to sb. about sth.;inform sb. of sth.意为"通知某人某事";remind sb. of sth.意为"使某人想起某事"。所以此处选用 told。 12. B。考查上下文呼应。文章第二段和第三段均提到了 stop,所以选用 stopped。 13. C。本题考查形容词在具体语境中的应用。由 because 后面的理由可以推测出我 们很幸运,所以用 lucky。 14. D。 考查语境理解。 由上文可知作者把帮助陌生人的故事告诉了他的祖父和叔叔, 所以选用 story。

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15. A。考查动词辨析。advise 与 suggest 这两个词都有建议的意思,但接动词不定 式时要用 advise, advise sb. (not) to do sth.。 即 suggest 后接动词-ing, suggest doing sth., 即 force 是"迫使"的意思,persuade 是"说服"的意思。所以选用 advise。 16. C。考查动词短语的辨析。根据语境可知,本句所要表达的意思是作者认为这次 冒险是值得的。take a risk"冒险",take advice"采纳建议",make trouble"制造麻烦",make a choice"作出选择"。 17. B。考查语境理解。由后面的"if it was real"可知这里应当用 wondered,表示"想 知道"。 18. A。考查固定搭配。本题主要考查 sth. happens to sb.这一固定结构的用法。 19. D。本题主要考查 make up one’s mind 这一固定搭配的用法。make up one’s mind"下定决心"。 20. B。考查语境理解。本句使用了虚拟语气,对过去的情况作出假设,所以此处应 为表示过去的时间状语, that time"在那时"。 the future 表示将来, times 和 time and at in at again 多用于一般现在时。 满分解答 最后提醒 1—5 DBBAC 6—10 CBDDA 11—15 ABCDA 16—20 CBADB

完形填空的设题经常考查短语辨析和固定搭配。熟悉常见的英语句型

和不同的表达方法,能够帮助考生迅速锁定答案。

最后押题 20 It was freezing cold as I was waiting at a bus stop in my hunt for a job.
As the bus 1 a young woman walked up to the stop. She had on a T-shirt and slippers. 2 because she lost her job. She had 4 tonight.

When we talked she told me she had lost her no I 3 5

in the area and didn’t even know where she was going to

into my purse and took out some bus tickets, and $5.00 so she could get 6 took off my jacket and tennis shoes and gave them to her. She

something to eat. I

looked at me and said, "Aren’t you going to be cold?" I told her my being cold for 15 minutes 7 I got to my place was 9 . 10 12 kindness happened. I stepped that it was on him. 8 if I knew she would be a little warmer

wherever she

After I got on the bus that’s when the miracle of up to pay the 11 and the bus driver told me in a big

I went to sit down and a lady who was dressed in a very professional business suit 13 me over to her seat. She said, "I want to know the name of the person who just - 13 -

did the most

14

thing I have ever seen." I told her my name and she

15 , "What can

I do for you to give back what I just

16 ?" I jokingly said a job would be nice. 17 in her

The next day she called and said that she had an assistant position company and wanted me to come in and meet with the manager. It the head HR person for this company. I went in for the never 20 to get so much back in return! B. took up B. apartment B. neighborhood B. appear B. touched B. therefore B. while B. worthwhile B. held back B. spreading B. fare B. hug B. called B. shocking B. reminded B. caught B. limited B. turned out B. performance B. tolerated C. pulled up C. money C. journey C. travel C. collected C. still C. before C. reliable C. ended up C. representing C. bill C. comfort C. urged C. convincing C. decided C. guided C. sensible C. worked out C. interview C. recognized D. put up D. direction 19 18

that the lady was

and started working there. I

1. A. picked up 2. A. appointment 3. A. family 4. A. work 5. A. dug 6. A. otherwise 7. A. though 8. A. accessible 9. A. put back 10. A. finishing 11. A. ticket 12. A. smile 13. A. sent 14. A. entertaining 15. A. responded 16. A. withdrew 17. A. valuable 18. A. figured out 19. A. competition 20. A. expected 押题理由

D. encouragement D. sleep D. filled D. then D. since D. considerate D. cleared up D. contradicting D. price D. greeting D. acquired D. inspiring D. complained D. witnessed D. vacant D. carried out D. application D. learned

本文话题贴近中学生的生活,行文流畅,逻辑性强,设空科学,考生

通过上下文进行合理分析,即可得出答案,符合高考完形填空的特点。 破题关键 作者在找工作的过程中对一名路人出手相助,并因此得到一家公司人

力资源部经理的赏识,在这家公司得到了一份工作。 - 14 -

1. C。 语境表示"当公交车停下时",pull up 表示"(使车)停住,停下",符合语境。pick up"捡起,接送(某人)",take up"花时间从事,占据",put up"建造",均不符合语境。 2. B。她失业了,因此连房子也没有了,因此选 B 项。appointment"预约",money "钱",direction"方向",均不符合语境。 3. A。这里表示她在这个地方无亲无故,因此选 A 项"家人"。 4. D。结合空后的 tonight 可知,她无亲无故,没有住处,不知道自己晚上该到哪里 住宿,故选 D 项。 5. A。作者在钱包里翻找,拿出了一些公交车票和五美元。dig 在这里表示"翻找, 搜寻",符合语境。 6. D。这里叙述的是作者一连串的动作,因此选 D 项。 7. C。根据语境可知,这里表示"在到达目的地之前受冻 15 分钟",故应用 before 引 导时间状语从句,表示"在……之前"。 8. B。作者认为,只要能让她最终无论在哪里都会暖和一些,自己挨一会儿冻也是 值得的。根据语境选 B,表示"值得的"。accessible"易得到的,易进入的";reliable"可靠 的";considerate"关心的,体贴的"。 9. C。参见上题解析。end up"最终处于"。 10. B。联系上下文可知,作者给他人送去温暖,司机便不要他的车费,这里表示爱 心的传播,因此选 B 项。 11. B。这里表示作者上了公交车,然后去买车票,用 fare 表示"(公共汽车、火车、 飞机等的)票价"。 12. A。公交车司机笑着告诉作者车票由他来付。 13. B。作者上车之后,有位穿着职业装的女士叫作者到她的座位那里去。这里用 call sb. over 表示"把某人叫/喊过去"。 14. D。结合语境看,显然这位女士是被作者的善举打动了,故用 inspiring 表示"鼓 舞人心的"。 15. A。由空后的句子可知,该空应用 respond,表示"反应,回答"。 16. D。 联系上下文可知, 这位女士目睹了作者帮助别人的情景, 想为作者做点什么, 因此选 D,表示"目击,亲眼看见"。 17. D。这里说的是有个助理的职位空缺着,故用 vacant 表示"(职位)空缺的"。

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18. B。原来,这位女士是这家公司人力资源部的经理。turn out"原来是,结果是", 符合语境。 19. C。由语境可知,此处表示作者去公司参加求职面试,因此本空选 C。 20. A。作者当初帮助那名女士的时候没预料到会有这么多的回报。故用 expect,表 示"预料"。 满分解答 1—5 CBADA 6—10 DCBCB 11—15 BABDA 16—20 DDBCA

最后押题 21 Stay-at-home kids are named "generation ni-ni" in Spain. They are
those adults who still live at home and are neither working nor studying. But the problem is by no means limited to Spain. It is a worldwide problem. In Italy, they are known as "bamboccioni" or big babies. There nearly 60 percent of 18-34-year-old adults still live in their parents’ home, up from almost 50 percent since 1983. Once kept there by the love for their mama’s home-cooked food, the economic crisis has seen a rise in adults left unable to hold down a steady job or afford a home of their own. Last year, an Italian government minister admitted that his mother washed his clothes and made the bed for him until he was 30. He demanded a law forcing young Italians to leave their parents’ home at 18 to stop them becoming hopelessly dependent on their parents. In the UK, the government has made the term NEETS — not in employment, education or training for these children. In England alone the percent of NEETS aged 19-24 surged to 18.8 percent of the age group in the last quarter of 2010, up 1.4 percent on the same period a year before. The number of British men in their 20s living with their parents has risen from 59 percent to 80 percent in the past 15 years, while the number of women has risen from 41 percent to 50 percent. The average age of the first-time house buyers is now 38. In the US, the problem is known as the "full nest syndrome(综合征)". Parents there are left struggling to support adult children who have stayed at home with student debts and facing few job opportunities in the weak economy. A recent study showed almost a third of American adults aged 34 and under are living with their parents. 1. "Big babies" mentioned in Paragraph 2 refer to those adults who ________. A. are poorly educated C. lose their job in the bad economy B. are not as smart as others D. rely on their parents for a living

2. The underlined word "surged" in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by "________". - 16 -

A. jumped B. reduced C. recovered 3. What does the last paragraph tell us?

D. moved

A. Some American adult children are a burden to their parents. B. American parents are happy to live with their children. C. America has the most adult children compared with other countries. D. It is a tradition for adult children to live with their parents in America. 押题理由 本文讲的是一种社会现象,涉及与人们的生活息息相关的热点话题,

这类文章在高考阅读理解中出现的频率很高。 破题关键 界都很普遍。 1. D。 考查细节理解。 根据第一段中的"They are those adults who still live at home and are neither working nor studying."可知,"Big babies"是指那些已经成年的,但还是依靠父 母生活的孩子。D 项正确。 2. A。考查词义猜测。根据画线词后面的"up 1.4 percent on the same period a year before"可知,这里是指"激增"到了 18.8%。故 A 项正确。 3. A。考查细节理解。根据最后一段的第二句话可知,这些和父母住在一起,无经 济来源的成年孩子成了父母的负担。故 A 项正确。 满分解答 最后提醒 1. D 2. A 3. A 阅读是汲取文化和知识的绝佳途径,同时也是培养语感的重要方式, 越来越多的成年孩子住在父母家里,依靠父母生活,这种现象在全世

冲刺阶段考生仍需要坚持大范围阅读,学习世界文化,增加语言的输入量。

最后押题 22 Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors(流星), but
also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their space suits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage. Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called"rem".Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0.1 rem without being damaged; the figure of 60 rems has been agreed on. The trouble is that - 17 -

it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage — a person may feel perfectly well, but the cells of his other sex organs may be damaged, and this will not be discovered until the birth of deformed(畸形的) children or even grandchildren. Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high radiation and, during the outward and return journeys, the Apollo crew accumulated a large amount of rems. So far, no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported, but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere, working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but no really effective ones have been found so far. 1. According to the passage, the atmosphere is essential to us because ________. A. it can reduce the number of meteors B. it provides sufficient light for plant growth C. it supplies the heat necessary for human survival D. it protects us against the harmful radiation from outer space 2. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. the effect of exposure to radiation may be slow in coming B. being exposed to even an extremely tiny amount of radiation is fatal C. radiation is completely avoidable in space exploration D. drugs that can decrease the damage of radiation effectively have been found 3. It can be inferred from the passage that ________. A. astronauts will surely have deformed children or grandchildren B. decreasing space radiation damage is no easy job C. if men spend a long period of time without the protection of the atmosphere they will surely die D. well-protected space explorers are not under the threat of radiation 4. The passage can be entitled ________. A. The Atmosphere and Our Planet B. Research on Radiation C. Effect of Space Radiation D. Importance of Protection Against Radiation - 18 -

押题理由

本文属于科普类文章。科普类文章生词量比较大,逻辑关系梳理起来

比较麻烦,经常出现在各地高考英语试卷中。 破题关键 由于太阳和其他星球的辐射,太空成为一个十分危险的地方。而且辐

射对人体的危害以及有效减少辐射危害的药物目前为止还没有被发现。 1. D。考查细节理解。根据第一段倒数第二句可以知道大气层阻挡了大量来自太阳 的辐射。根据第一段的前面部分可知,A、B、C 三项是对文章的错误理解,大气层既 不能提供阳光,又不能提供热量,也不能减少流星的数量。因此,D 项"大气层使我们 免受来自太空的辐射"正确。 2. A。考查推理判断。根据文章第二段第四句可知,辐射对人体造成的破坏可能需 要很长的时间才会显现出来,因此 A 项正确;根据文章第二段第三句可知,人能承受 60 雷姆的辐射量,因此,B 项是错误的;根据第一段最后一句可知,C 项错误;根据文 章最后一句可知,D 项错误。 3. B。考查推理判断。根据文章最后一句可知,目前还没有发现真正能有效减少辐 射对人体危害的药,而且辐射造成的危害可能很长时间才能表现出来,所以减少太空辐 射的危害任重道远。 4. C。考查主旨大意。通读全文可知,文章主要围绕太空辐射的危害展开论述,所 以"太空辐射的影响"最适合作为本文标题。 满分解答 最后提醒 1. D 2. A 3. B 4. C 做这类题目时,考生切不可因词汇量偏大、逻辑理解起来困难而乱了

手脚。做题时需要心态平和,一点一滴地去分析。同时也要注意,有些信息读不懂也没 有关系,只要将有效信息理解透彻即可。

最后押题 23 Some people act sick to get out of work. Others act sick to get work.
For medical actors like Ted Bell, the stage is an examination room with a future doctor, nurse or other health care professional. Mr. Bell is playing a 55-year-old patient with stomach pains that began three months ago. Ted Bell is just playing a teacher. But in a way he really does teach. He helps students like Emily Tyrrell at the University of Maryland School of Nursing learn to work with patients. In real life, Mr. Bell is a retired civil engineer. He now works as what is known as a "standardized patient". He stays busy working at local medical schools. About 700

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standardized patients work in the area. Pay starts at 17 dollars an hour. It can go as high as 35 dollars an hour depending on the project. Becoming a standardized patient does not require medical knowledge. The schools provide the training. Nor does it require acting experience. In fact, standardized patient Tom Wyatt is a professional actor — yet he does not even think of his work with the students as acting. Standardized patients spend hours training for each of their "performances". They have to remember the medical history of the person they are playing and be able to answer questions as if they were really sick. Tom Wyatt says remembering all the patients he has to play and their conditions can be difficult. After each session the standardized patients talk to the students to discuss their performance — that is, the performance of the students. Kurt Haspert is studying to become a nurse practitioner(从业护士). He said: "It is always good to work with the standardized patients because it keeps you thinking about how your thought process has to go, and how you can narrow down your differential diagnosis while you’re asking questions." The actors enjoy it too. Retired engineer Ted Bell says the students find the experience very helpful, and that makes him feel good. 1. What is Mr. Bell doing at present? A. Working as a doctor. C. Working as an engineer. B. Acting a patient. D. Teaching in a school.

2. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. Standardized patients work with doctors in the hospital. B. There are 700 standardized patients all over the world. C. Standardized patients can get money for their performances. D. Standardized patients don’t need to answer the students’ questions. 3. From the passage we can infer that in order to become a standardized patient ________. A. acting experience must be needed B. medical knowledge must be required C. one must receive the training - 20 -

D. one must be a professional actor 4. From the last paragraph we know that ________. A. it is not easy to act a patient B. the students benefit a lot by working with the actors C. the performance of the students is judged by the actors D. the students discuss their own performance with the actors 押题理由 趣味性阅读因其直接反映着英美语言及文化,所以一直是高考命题专

家比较青睐的题材。 破题关键 有的人装病来逃避工作, 有的人装病而获得工作。 Ted Bell 就是以扮演

病人为工作的人。 1. B。考查细节理解。根据前三段的内容可知,Ted Bell 现在的工作是扮演病人。 2. C。考查细节理解。根据第三段最后两句可知,标准化病人可以通过扮演病人获 得相应的报酬。根据第三段第三句可知 A 项错误,根据第三段第四句可知 B 项错误, 根据第五段第二句可知 D 项错误。 3. C。考查推理判断。根据第四段中的"The schools provide the training."可推知,要 成为一个标准化病人,培训是必需的。 4. B。 考查细节理解。 根据最后一段中的"Ted Bell says the students find the experience very helpful"可知,学生们与这些扮演病人的人一起工作获益不少,所以选 B。 满分解答 最后提醒 1. B 2. C 3. C 4. B 细节理解题一般包括直接理解题和语义转化题,后者是对文章个别细

节的再次加工,深层理解,考生做这类试题时要注意语言转化后表达的正确性。

最后押题 24 100 years after the sinking of the Titanic, experts are still debating
what caused the tragedy. Now, new research by British historian Tim Maltin points to an unusual optical illusion(视错觉) that may have hidden the iceberg that caused the Titanic’s deadly crash. Maltin read weather records from survivors, and the ship logs to research his theory. The Titanic sailed from warm Gulf Stream waters into the freezing Labrador Current. There, the air column was cooling from the bottom up, creating layers of cold air below layers of warmer air. This is called a thermal inversion(逆温).

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"The thermal inversion," Maltin says, "caused light to refract( 折 射 ), abnormally downward." The refraction created a mirage(海市蜃楼): objects appeared higher — and therefore nearer — than they actually were, before a false horizon. The area between the false horizon and the real horizon appeared as haze(霾). The iceberg was hidden in the haze, so those aboard the Titanic didn’t see it until the ship was about to collide with it. As Titanic First Officer William McMaster Murdoch recalled, "That iceberg came right out of the haze." But by that time, the Titanic was too close to avoid hitting it. Shortly before the Titanic hit the iceberg, it sailed into the view of another ship, the Californian. But the refraction of the light made it appear too near and too small to be the Titanic — the largest ship in the world at the time. The Californian signaled to the Titanic by the Morse lamp, which uses flashes of light to send signals. The Titanic, now in trouble, also signaled to the Californian by the Morse lamp, but the thermal inversion disrupted the signals. The Titanic finally sank at 2:20 am local time on April 15. Although some experts agree with Maltin’s theory, others say the Titanic sank simply because it ignored several warnings of heavy ice and because it was going too fast in dangerous waters. Whatever the cause, people remain fascinated with the Titanic, and researchers and historians will likely come up with new theories for years to come. 1. According to Tim Maltin’s new research, ________ may have been the cause of Titanic’s tragedy. A. extremely terrible weather conditions at sea B. an unusual visual illusion caused by a thermal inversion C. First Officer William’s wrong direction judgement D. sailing too fast in dangerous waters 2. Why did the Californian fail to come to the Titanic’s rescue? A. The Californian didn’t successfully signal to the Titanic. B. The Titanic didn’t understand the signals. C. The Titanic signaled back to the Californian by a wrong Morse lamp. D. The Californian didn’t successfully receive the Titanic’s response. 3. What does the underlined word "disrupted" in Paragraph 5 most probably mean? - 22 -

A. disturbed

B. received

C. predicted

D. spread

4. If a mirage forms, one may have a visual illusion that ________ before a false horizon. A. a slow ship seems to be sailing at a high speed B. a ship on the sea seems to be sailing in the sky C. a ship sailing far away appears much nearer than it really is D. a faraway ship seems to be sailing upside down 押题理由 常见的类型。 破题关键 英国一位历史学家最新研究发现:一个非同寻常的视错觉——海市蜃 本文是一篇说明文,涉及人们关注的热点话题,是高考阅读理解中最

楼,是让泰坦尼克号撞上冰山并且未能获得附近船只救援的原因。 1. B。考查细节理解。根据第一、二段内容可知,Tim Maltin 的研究发现,一种由 逆温造成的不寻常的视错觉导致了泰坦尼克号悲剧的发生,故答案为 B 项。 2. D。考查细节理解。根据倒数第二段倒数第二句可知,泰坦尼克号也用摩尔斯信 号灯回应了加利福尼亚号,但是,逆温扰乱了这些信号,使加利福尼亚号没有收到泰坦 尼克号的回应,故答案为 D 项。 3. A。考查词义猜测。根据倒数第二段可知,加利福尼亚号轮船用摩尔斯信号灯向 泰坦尼克号发出信号,泰坦尼克号也用摩尔斯信号灯回应了加利福尼亚号。但是,逆温 "扰乱"了这些信号,disturbed 意为"干扰,妨碍",意思最为贴近,故答案为 A 项。 4. C。考查细节理解。根据第三段内容可知,海市蜃楼现象会使物体在一个假的地 平线前面,从而显得比实际情况更高,更近,故答案为 C 项。 满分解答 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C

最后押题 25 Bye-bye, Junk Food
June 6, 2012 By Alexandra Sifferlin for TIME with additional reporting by Anna Prokos The Walt Disney Company on Tuesday became the first major media company to ban ads for junk food on its TV channels, radio stations and websites. Starting in 2015, there won’t be any candy, sugary cereal or fast food commercials(广告) aimed at kids. It hopes this will stop kids from making poor food choices. The ban will first apply to Disney XD and Saturday-morning children’s programming on Disney-ABC Television, as well as Radio Disney and Disney-owned websites aimed at - 23 -

families with young children. In addition, Disney plans to make changes to its kids’ menus at theme parks and resorts. Fast food options will be replaced with healthier choices, such as apples, vegetables and yogurt. In addition to candy bars and fast food meals, other foods that don’t meet Disney’s nutritional standards will be banned from the company’s kid-targeted media. Any cereal with 10 grams or more of sugar per serving will be off the air. There will be no ads for full meals of more than 600 calories. Juices with high levels of sugar and foods with too much salt will also be pulled. Even though many fast food chains and food companies offer healthier options, like apples and salads, Disney said it could still deny the companies’ ads. A company that wants to advertise will need to show that it offers a range of healthy options. Disney isn’t the only one pushing away unhealthy foods. Last week, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg proposed a ban on drinks over 16 ounces sold in movie theaters, restaurants and convenience stores in the Big Apple. He says large, sugary drinks are partly to blame for obesity. "Getting rid of junk food ads could make it easier to keep a family on a healthy diet," says Nadine Haskell, a mother of two sons. "If they see a commercial on TV, then the next time we go to the grocery store they’ll say they want to try it." 1. Why did the Walt Disney Company ban ads for junk food on its TV channels, radio stations and websites? A. In order to give way to other ads. B. In order to lead a revolution in the world of media. C. In order to achieve greater success in the area of ads. D. In order to help kids make better food choices. 2. The ban will apply to the following except ________. A. healthy food commercials such as yogurt ads B. kids’ menus at theme parks and resorts C. programs on Disney-ABC Television D. Disney-owned websites related to families with young children 3. New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg is mentioned to show that ________. - 24 -

A. people had a positive reaction to Disney’s new policy B. the local government is in support of Disney’s new policy C. Disney is not alone on the way to saying goodbye to junk foods D. getting rid of junk food ads can make it easier to keep a family on a healthy diet 押题理由 新闻类阅读是高考试题常选的素材,符合考纲“强调应用”的原则,是

高考选材的热点。 破题关键 本文为一篇新闻报道。 迪斯尼公司开始向垃圾食品说"不", 宣布自 2015

年起全面停播糖果、快餐食品等的广告。 1. D。考查细节理解。根据第一段最后一句"It hopes this will stop kids from making poor food choices."可知选 D。 2. A。考查细节理解。根据第二段首句"The ban will first apply to...with young children."可知禁令将适用于 C、D 两项;根据第二段第二句"In addition, Disney plans to make changes to its kids’ menus at theme parks and resorts."可知禁令也将适用于 B 项。 根 据第二段最后一句可知禁令不适用于 A 项,故答案选 A。 3. C。考查推理判断。由第五段的首句"Disney isn’t the only one pushing away unhealthy foods."可知,列举纽约市长的例子是用来证明这句话的。故选 C。 满分解答 最后提醒 1. D 2. A 3. C 新闻类阅读大家一定要注意,导语部分是关键内容,往往是整个新闻

的中心内容,也是全文的关键所在。

最后押题 26 Health
Our health is the only thing we really have in the world. You can take away our money, our house, or our clothes and we can survive. 1. ________________ That is why I eat healthfully, exercise regularly, and keep up my social life. 2. ________________ I try to avoid foods high in fat like French fries or cookies. I also try to limit the amount of animal protein I consume. I never eat more than a few ounces of fish or chicken a day and I rarely eat meat. I eat a lot of vegetables and fresh fruit which are full of fiber and vitamins. It is important to know how to cook these foods so the nutrients are not lost in the cooking process.

- 25 -

Your muscles must continue to be strong to support your body as it grows older. 3. ________________ A regular exercise program of cardiovascular(心血管的) training and weight training is an important part of keeping you healthy. Friends are an important part of one’s health. Studies have shown that people with a wide range of social contacts get fewer colds and have fewer complaints than those who don’t. 4. ________________ Hike to laugh with my friends and I always feel better when I am with them than when I am alone. By eating properly and exercising regularly, I can keep my body at an appropriate weight and can maintain my health. By spending time with my friends, I can keep my mind as well as my body happy. 5. ________________ A. I try to eat a lot of healthy food. B. It’s all parts of my recipe(秘诀) for healthful living. C. But you take away our health and we will die. D. Eating healthfully is important to maintain one’s health. E. Laughing is also an important part of health. F. Hiking is also an important part of health. G. Exercise helps the bones build density and helps you maintain your posture. 押题理由 本文的段落独立性非常强,每一段都讲了一个主题,结构清晰,语言

简明,难度适中,符合任务型阅读的选材要求。 破题关键 本文是篇说明文。文章通过健康饮食、定期锻炼和与朋友交流等几个

方面的例子向读者介绍了健康的重要性及如何保持健康。 1. C。本段重点介绍健康的重要性,C 项与空前的一句形成对比,同时又与空后的 "That is why..."相对应,故选择 C。 2. D。根据本段下文的叙述可知,本段主要是讲健康饮食的重要性,本空为本段主 旨句,故选 D。干扰项 A 只说明了健康饮食的一个方面,未对全段起一个总结的作用。 3. G。根据本段第一句话以及空后的关键词"exercise"可选出答案 G。 4. E。本段内容包括两个方面,第一部分介绍了朋友的重要性,后一部分介绍了笑 的重要性,下文中"to laugh with my friends"也是一个重要提示,故选 E。干扰项 F 只注 意了与 hike 的对应,却忽略了 laugh,与下文不连贯。

- 26 -

5. B。由最后一段内容可知,本空为本文总结句,即以上是作者保持健康的全部秘 诀,所以本空选 B。 满分解答 最后提醒 1. C 2. D 3. G 4. E 5. B

抓住每段的中心思想是做此类题目的关键。通常关键词句会在文章中

反复出现,所以只要找准关键词,即可找出线索选出答案。

最后押题 27 武汉市民余友珍拥有 17 套房产,是一位"千万富婆"。但是,14 年
来,她甘做一名环卫工人。她说这样做是为给子女做榜样,她告诫子女"你们不做事, 我就把房子捐给国家"。在她的影响下,她的两个孩子都靠各自的努力找到了工作。 请根据以上材料,围绕"父母对孩子的影响"这个话题,为校报写一篇英语稿件。内 容包括: 1. 简要描述余友珍的事迹; 2. 谈谈父母对孩子的榜样作用。 词数:100 左右。 押题理由 本文的话题是大家关心的热点话题,贴近学生生活,让学生有话可说,

并且谈论此话题对考生具有教育意义,因此很有可能受到命题者的亲睐。 破题关键 本题要求考生先描述事迹,再谈自己的看法,文章可分为两段,第一

段叙述第二段议论。在谈自己看法时,要有理有据。 满分作文 Yu Youzhen lives in Wuhan, Hubei Province. She owns 17 apartments worth tens of million yuan. However, she has been working as a street cleaner for 14 years. She works hard in order to set a good example to her own children. She warns her children that if they don’t work, she will donate the apartments to the country. Under her positive influence, both her children have their own jobs. It is clear that Yu Youzhen has become a role model of her children. With such a hard-working mother, two children know they should depend on themselves to earn their life. From what Yu has done, I truly realize that parents’ behavior has lasting effects on their children. It is important that parents should care about what they do because their children will follow suit. 最后提醒 要注意语言精练,要点齐全。词汇选用要适当得体。文章读起来要流

畅、自然、连贯。 - 27 -

最后押题 28 中国的计划生育政策已实行多年,现在大部分的家庭都只有一个
孩子,这引发了一系列相关的问题。你希望自己是父母唯一的孩子还是希望有兄弟姐 妹?为什么?请以李华的名义,就此话题向《21 世纪报》投稿,说说你的看法。词数: 100 左右。开头结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。 Dear editor, Under the influence of family planning policy, more and more families have an only child. ______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua 押题理由 应用文的考查在高考书面表达中占较大的比例,每年各地高考试卷书

面表达中都有一多半是应用文,所以考生要对该类题目非常熟悉。本文的话题贴近中学 生的生活,2013 年高考极有可能涉及。 破题关键 根据本题的要求,首先要点明自己的观点,再说明原因。写作时应注

意论据的合理性,注重关联词的使用和句式、用词的多样性,同时注意时态和人称的准 确性。 满分作文 Dear editor, Under the influence of family planning policy, more and more families have an only child. With time going by, I am crazy about having a brother or a sister. I think it will benefit me a lot. First, I won’t feel lonely any longer. I have a good companion and that will enrich my life, making it lively and interesting. Besides, he or she can help me overcome many difficulties in my life. I can seek advice from him or her. In every stage of life he or she can help me but ask for nothing in return. What specially counts is that having a brother or a sister can promote all-round development of children, benefiting them both physically and mentally. Equally important is that having a brother or a sister can ease the burden in the future — looking after old parents when they are old or get ill. But for an only child, it is a tiring job. - 28 -

I do hope the government can find some suitable ways to perfect the family planning policy, making a more harmonious society and making people live a better life. Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua 最后提醒 作文中词汇及句型的运用要得体、丰富。恰当使用关联词,以使层次

清晰,衔接自然。

最后押题 29 假如你是李华,你校英语协会即将组织阅读英语作品的活动,你
想积极参加。请你用英语写一篇文章,内容包括: 1. 阅读英语作品的好处; 2. 推荐一本你读过的英语作品; 3. 你对此次活动的建议。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 押题理由 提纲作文是高考书面表达考查较多的一种题型。本作文话题贴近学生

生活,难度适中,符合高考作文的命题原则。 破题关键 命题给出了 3 个写作要点,其中第 2、3 点自由发挥的空间很大。重点

在于第 2 部分,直接检验英语课外阅读教学落实的情况。注意采用的时态应该以一般现 在时为主,以第一人称为主。要准确使用过渡词汇,做到短文结构紧凑,层次分明。 满分作文 As an English learner, I’m interested in reading works in English. In this way, I can enlarge my vocabulary as well as learn more about the cultures and customs of English-speaking countries. Considering the fact that English originals are too difficult for us, we may choose the simplified versions or books that are less demanding. I recommend the simplified version of one famous book called The Greatest Salesman in the World by US author Og Mandino, which is for anyone who wants success. It tells the story of a poor young man who eventually gets rich. Every word of the book inspired me to "do it now". As a sentence has it, "Never feel shame for trying and failing, for he who has never failed is he who has never tried." - 29 -

I suggest that participants be asked to write down a review about the English book after the reading activity, which can improve their written English and critical thinking. 最后提醒 过渡语的运用往往是评卷老师评判作文的一个标准,也是一篇文章连

贯的重要砝码,所以考生要积累一些常用的过渡语给文章增添光彩。如 to begin with, in addition, last but not least 等。此外卷面的整洁也会影响到分数,所以建议考 生最好先打个草稿,再誊写到试卷上。

最后押题 30 最近,助人为乐成为人们关注的热点。最美女教师张丽莉、最美
清洁工吴秀莹、最美司机吴斌、"托举哥"周冲等每一个耳熟能详的名字后,都有一个感 人的故事。对此,你有何感想,请用英语写一篇短文。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。 押题理由 助人为乐是人们关注的热点话题,与中学生的生活密切相关,话题积

极向上,具有一定的引导作用,符合高考的命题原则,很有可能受到命题者的青睐。 破题关键 本题是开放式作文,属于议论文的范畴。作文的第一段应对提到的人

物进行简要描述。 第二段是作文的主体, 主要谈个人对这些英雄事迹的感想, 完全开放。 第三段进行总结。 满分解答 Recently there is an upsurge that more and more people focus on Zhang Lili, Wu Xiuying, Wu Bin, Zhou Chong and others alike, all of whom are thought highly of for what they did. In my opinion,they’re heroes from ordinary people. There is no doubt that their deeds are bound to move the whole China and leave us deeper meditation. As is shown in their behavior, morality lies nowhere but just around us all the time. So we should no longer cast doubt on the existence of conscience and virtue. Besides, where there is love, there is hope. Only when everybody devotes even a bit of love, can our society be warmer and more harmonious. I do believe that happiness lies in offering help to others and we’ll live in a world full of love. 最后提醒 写作时注意主题明确,段落清晰,内容翔实。多使用高级句式,如非

限制性定语从句、 同位语从句和倒装句等, 既能增加文章的可读性, 又能展现语言功底。 - 30 -


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