Module 1 academic [,?k?'demik] adj. 学术的 province ['pr?vins] n. 省 enthusiastic [in,θju:zi'?stik]adj.热心的, amazing [?'meizi?] adj.令人吃惊的； 令人惊奇的 information [,inf?'mei??n] n. 消
息 website [ web’sait] n.网站；网址 brilliant ['brilj?nt] adj.(口语)极好的 comprehension [,k ? mpri'hen ? ? n] n. 理解,领悟 instruction [in'str?k??n] n. （常作复数） 指示；说明 method ['meθ?d] n. 方法 bored ['b?: d] adj.厌烦的；厌倦的 embarrassed [im'b?r?st] adj.尴尬的； 难堪的；困窘的 attitude ['?titju:d] n. 态度 behaviour [bi'heivj?] n. 行为； 举动 previous ['pri:vi?s] adj. 以 前 的 ； description [di'skrip??n] n.记述；描述 amazed [?'meizd] adj. 吃惊的;惊奇的 embarrassing [im'b?r?si?] adj. 令人 尴尬的；令人难堪的 technology [tek'n?l?d?i] n. 技术 impress [im'pres] vt.使印象深刻 correction [k?'rek??n] n. 改正；纠正 encouragement [in'k ? rid ? m?nt]n. 鼓 励；激励 enjoyment [in'd??im?nt] n.享受；乐趣 fluency ['flu:?nsi] n.流利；流畅 misunderstanding [,mis ? nd?'st?ndi?] n. 误解 disappointed [,dis?'p?intid] adj.失望的 disappointing [,dis?'p?inti?] adj.令人 失望的 system ['sist?m] n. 制度；体系；系统 teenager ['ti:nid??] n.少年 disappear [,dis?'pi?] vi. 消失 move [mu:v] adj.搬家 assistant [?'sist?nt] n. 助手, 助理 cover ['k?v?] vt.包含 diploma [di'pl?um?] n. 文凭, 毕业证 书 Module 2 amusing [?'mju:zi?] adj. 有趣的； 可笑的 energetic [,en?'d?etik] adj. 精力充沛 的 intelligent [in'telid??nt] adj. 聪明的 nervous ['n?:v?s] adj.紧张的；焦虑的 organized ['?:g?naizd] adj.有组织的； 有系统的 patient ['pei??nt] adj.耐心的 serious ['si?ri?s] adj. 严厉的 shy [?ai] adj.害羞的；羞怯的
strict [strikt] a. 严格的；严厉的 impression [im'pre??n] n. 印象 avoid [?'v?id] vt.（故意）避开 hate [heit] vt.讨厌；不喜欢 incorrectly [,ink?'rektli] adv.不正确地 completely [k?m'pli:tli] adv. 十分地; 完全地 immediately [i'mi:di?tli] adv.立即；即 刻 appreciate [?'pri:?ieit] vt.感激 admit [?d'mit] vt. 承认 scientific [,sai?n'tifik] adj. 科学的 literature ['lit?r?t??] n. 文学 loudly ['laudli] adv. 大声地 wave [weiv] vt.挥（手） ；招（手） joke [d??uk] n. 玩笑；笑话 summary ['s?m?ri] n.总结；摘要；提 要 respect [ri'spekt] vt.&n.尊敬；尊重 grade [greid] n.（美）成绩；分数 headmaster ['hed'mɑ:st?] n.校长 headmistress ['hed'mistris] n.女校长 period ['pi?ri?d] n.一段时间 revision [ri'vi??n] n.复习 translation [tr?ns'lei??n] n. 翻译 timetable ['taimteibl] n. 时间表 topic ['t?pik] n.话题；题目 vacation [vei'kei??n] n. 假期 revise [ri'vaiz] vt.温习（功课） discipline ['disiplin] n.纪律 relationship [ri'lei??n?ip] n. 关系 formal ['f?:m?l] adj. 正式的 relaxed [ri'l?kst] adj.轻松的； 松懈的； 宽松的 similarly ['simil?li] adv.同样地，类似 地 Module 3 helicopter ['helik?pt?] n.直升飞机 motorbike ['m?ut?, baik] n.摩托车 tram [tr?m] n.电车 distance ['dist?ns] n. 距离 abandoned [?'b?nd?nd] adj.被遗弃的 camel ['k?ml] n. 骆驼 cassette [k?'set] n.录音带 desert ['dez?t] n. 沙漠 diamond ['dai?m?nd] n. 钻石 expert ['eksp?:t] n. 专家 midnight ['midnait] n. 半夜 product ['pr?d?kt] n. 产品 scenery ['si:n?ri] n. 风景; 景色 shoot [?u:t] vt.(shot,shot)射杀 soil [s?il] n. 土壤 journey ['d??:ni] n. 旅程 train [trein] vt. 练习 circus ['s?:k?s] n. 马戏团 seaside ['si:said] n. 海滨 stadium ['steidi?m] n. 运动场； 体育场
eagle ['i:gl] n. 鹰 frighten ['fraitn] vt.是吃惊；惊吓 kindergarten ['kind?,gɑ:tn] n.幼儿园 apartment [?'pɑ:tm?nt] n.（美）公寓； 单元住宅 cartoon [kɑ:'tu:n] n. 卡通；漫画 interview ['int?vju:] n.面试；面谈 interviewer ['int?vju:?] n.（面试时的） 主考官；面谈者 event [i'vent] n. 事件 exhausted [ig'z?:stid] adj.疲惫不堪的 downtown ['daun'taun] adj.商业区的； 市中心的 vacuum [`'v?kju?m] n. 真空； 空白 rail [reil] n.铁轨 ceremony ['serim?ni] n.仪式 track [tr?k] n. 轨道 souvenir [,su:v?'ni?] n. 纪念品 Module 4 survey [s?'vei] n. 调查 neighbourhood n.四邻 local ['l?uk?l] adj.地方的；局部的 suburb ['s?b?:b] n.城郊；郊区 hometown [h?um'taun] n.家乡 attractive [?'tr?ktiv] adj.有吸引力的; 吸引人的 fortunate ['f?:t??nit] adj.幸运的；吉祥 的 pretty ['priti] adv.很；相当 sound [saund] vi.听起来 tourist ['tu?rist]n.旅游者；观光客 bother ['b?? ?] vt.打搅；烦扰；麻烦 nuisance ['nju:sns] n.令人讨厌的人或 事 rent [rent] n. 租金 district ['distrikt] n.地域；区域；行政 区 approach [?'pr?ut?] vt. 接近 harbour n.海港 gorgeous ['g?:d??s] adj.漂亮的；宜人 的 architecture ['ɑ:kitekt??] n. 建筑 starve [stɑ:v] vi.饿死 park [pɑ:k] vt. 停车 traffic ['tr?fik] n. 交通 committee [k?'miti] n. 委员会 organization ['?:g?nai'z??n] n.组织 unemployed [,?nim'pl?id] adj.失业的； 没有工作的 household ['haush?uld] n.家属；家人 occupation [,?kju'pei??n] n. 职业 professional [pr?'fe??nl] adj.专业的 manual ['m?nju?l] adj.用手的；手的 employment [im'pl?im?nt] n.就业；工 作；职业 gallery ['g?l?ri] n.美术馆；画廊 exchange [iks't?eind?] vt. 交换
fascinating ['f?sineiti?] adj. 迷人的 , 吸引人的 afford [?'f?:d] vt. 买得起;有能力支付 survive [s?'vaiv] vi.死里逃生；大难不 死 contact ['k?nt?kt] vt.联络；联系（某 人） Module 5 liquid ['likwid] n. 液体 expand [ik'sp?nd] vi.膨胀 contract ['k?ntr?kt] vi.收缩 substance ['s?bst?ns] n. 物质 mixture ['mikst??] n.混合物 oxygen ['?ks?d??n] n. 氧气 electricity [,ilek'trisiti] n. 电 stage [steid?] n. 阶段；时期 conclusion [k?n'klu:??n] n. 结论 aim [eim] n. 目标；目的 reaction [ri'?k??n] n. 反应 electrical [i'lektrik?l] adj.与电有关的； 用电的 equipment [i'kwipm?nt] n. 设备； 装备 react [ri'?kt] vi.（化学）反应 potassium n. 钾 sodium ['s?udi?m] n. 钠 calcium ['k?lsi?m] n. 钙 magnesium [m?g'ni:zi?m] n. 镁 aluminium [,?lju'mini?m] n. 铝 zinc [zi?k] n. 锌 partial ['pɑ:??l] adj.部分的；局部的 copper ['k?p?] n. 铜
oxide ['?ksaid] n. 氧化物 rust [r?st] vi. 生锈 boil [b?il] vt.生锈 ordinary ['?:din?ri] adj.普通的;平常的 steam [sti:m] n. 蒸汽;水气 float [fl?ut] vi.漂浮 form [f?:m] vi.形成 dissolve [di'z?lv] vt. 溶解；分解；分 离 balance ['b?l?ns] n.天平 crucible ['kru:sibl] n. 坩锅 tongs [t??z] (复）夹子；小钳子 flame [fleim] n. 火焰 facility [f?'siliti] n.（常作复数）设备； 工具 lecture ['lekt??] n. 演讲 department [di'pɑ:tm?nt] n. （大学的） 科、系 astonished [?'st?ni?t] adj.吃惊的； 惊愕 的 Module 6 contain [k?n'tein] vt. 包含；包括 access ['?kses] n.接近；通路 crash [kr??] vi.(计算机)崩溃 keyword ['ki: , w?:d] n.密码；口令 log [l?g] vt.记录；登录 software ['s?ftw??] n. 软件 breakdown ['breikdaun] n.故障 source [s?:s] n.来源；出处 accessible [?k'ses?bl] adj.可进入的；
可使用的 data ['deit?] n.（复）数据 defence [di'fens] n.保护；防卫 create [kri:'eit] vt. 创造；发明 network ['netw?:k] n. 网络 via [vai?] prep.途径；经由 percentage [p?'sentid?] n.百分数；百 分率 design [di'zain] vt. 设计 document ['d?kjum?nt] n. 文件 invention [in'ven??n] n. 发明 permission [p?'mi??n] n. 许可 military ['milit?ri] adj.军事的；军队的 concentrate ['k?ns?ntreit] vi.集中（注 重力、思想等） definite ['definit] adj. 明确的 fantastic [f?n't?stik] adj.极好的； 美妙 的 independent [,indi'pend?nt] adj.独立的 essay ['esei] n.文章 pass [p?s] vt.超过 frequently ['fri:kw?ntli] adv.时常；经 常 disadvantage [,dis?d'v ɑ :ntid ? ] n. 弊 端；缺点 average ['?v?rid?] adj.平均的 statistics [st?'tistiks] n.（复）统计数字 shorten ['??:tn] vt.缩短 sideways ['saidweiz] adv.横着地； 斜着 地
Module 3 My First Ride on a Train 我的首次火车之旅 My name is Alice Thompson. I come from Sydney, Australia and I’m 18 years old.Recently I had my first ride on a long-distance train. And what a ride! A friend and I traveled on the famous Ghan train. We got on in Sydney and we got off in Alice Springs, right in the middle of Australia, more than four thousand kilometers away.We spent two days and nights on the train.The train was wonderful and the food was great. We ate great meals cooked by experts! For the first few hundred kilometres of the journey, the scenery was very colourful. There were fields and the soil was dark red. After that, it was desert. The sun shone, there was no wind and there were no clouds in the sky. Suddenly, it looked like a place from another time. We saw abandoned farms which were built more than a hundred years ago.The train was comfortable and the people were nice.During the day, I sat and looked out of the window, and sometimes talked to other passengers. I read books and listened to my Chinese cassettes (I'm studying Chinese at school). One night,at about midnight, I watched the night sky for about an hour. The stars shone like diamonds. Why is the train called the Ghan? A long time ago, Australians needed a way to travel to the middle of the country. They tried riding horses, but the horses didn't like the hot weather and sand. A hundred and fifty years ago, they brought some camels from Afghanistan. Ghan is short for Afghanistan. Camels were much better than horses for travelling a long distance.For many years, trained camels carried food and other supplies, and returned with wool and other products. The Afghans and their camels did this until the 1920s。Then the government built a new railway line, so they didn't need the camels any more. In 1925,they passed a law which allowed people to shoot the animals if they were a problem. In 1935, the police in a town shot 153 camels in one day.
Moudle 4 a social survey –my neighbourhood A lively city It's great to see you again, John.It's great to see you! It's been six years since we last saw each other, you know. And this is the first time I've visitedyour hometown. Yes, I'm so glad you could come.You know, I've seen quite a lot of China and I've visited some beautiful cities, but this is one of the most attractive places I've been to. It's so lively, and everyone seems so friendly. Yes, it's one of the most interesting cities on the coast,everyone says so. I feel very fortunate living here. And I love living by the seaside. You live in the northwest of Xiamen, is that right?Yes, that's right.What's the climate like?Pretty hot and wet in the summer, but it can be quite cold in the winter.Sounds OK to me. There are a lot of tourists around. Don't they bother you?Yes, they can be a nuisance in the summer because there are so many of them.Oh, look at that huge apartment block!Yes, they've just completed it. The rent for an apartment there is very high. I believe you! This area's so modern!！Yes, this is the business district. They've put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently. And there are some great shopping malls.See, we're just passing one now. My wife's just bought a beautiful dress from one of the shops there.Maybe I could buy a few presents there. I'll take you there tomorrow. Now we're leaving the business district and approaching the harbour.We're entering the western district, the most interesting part of the city. It's got some really pretty parks ... It seems lovely. Is that Gulangyu Island, just across the water? Yes, it is. It's a gorgeous island with some really interesting architecture. So they tell me. Do you think we could stop and walk around for a while? Yes, I was just going to do that. We can park over there. A friend's told me about a nice little fish restaurant near here. Shall we go there for lunch? That sounds great. I'm starving! Moudle 5 a lesson in a Lab Passage A It is hard to think of a world without metals. Different metals have different uses, for example, steel is used in cars, and iron is used in electrical equipment. When we use metals, it is important to know how they react with different substances, for example, water and oxygen. The reaction of metals with these substances can be put in order. Here is a table with the metals that react most at the top, and the metals that react least at the bottom. an oxide = another substance + oxygen Reaction with water or steam 与水或蒸汽 反应
Metal 金属 Potassium 钾 Sodium 钠 Calcium 钙 Magnesium 镁 Aluminium 铝 Zinc 锌 Iron 铁 Copper 铜
Heated in oxygen 在氧中加热
Burns to form an oxide*燃烧形成氧化 Reacting with cold water 反应用冷水 物 Reacting with steam 与水蒸汽反应 Reacts slowly 反应缓慢 Partial reaction 部分反应 Partial reaction 部分反应 No reaction 没有反应
Passage BA Simple Scientific Experiment Below is a description of a simple scientific experiment. It shows us how iron reacts with air and with water. * an oxide = another substance + oxygen Aim: Apparatus: Aim: To find out if iron rusts (a) in dry air; (b) in water that has no air in it (air-free water); (c) in ordinary water. 3 clean iron nails; test tubes; test tube holder; cotton wool; oil; Bunsen burner. To find out if iron rusts (a) in dry air; (b) in water that has no air in it (air-free water); (c) in ordinary water.
3 clean iron nails; test tubes; test tube holder; cotton wool; oil; Bunsen burner.
Iron in dry air Method Put some iron nails at the bottom of a test tube. Push some cotton wool down the tube. Leave the tube for one week. Result After one week, the nails have not rusted. Conclusion Iron does not rust in dry air. Iron in air-free water Method 1. Half-fill a test tube with water. 2. boil the water for three minutes. (This makes sure there is no air in the water.) 3. Put two or three clean nails in the water. 4. Add some oil to the water. This will keep air out of the water. 5. Leave the tube for one week. Result：The nails do not rust in the tube with air-free water. Conclusion ：Iron does not rust in air-free water. Iron in ordinary water Method 1. Half-fill a test tube with water and add two or three clean nails. 2. Leave the tube for one week. Result：The nails rust in the tube with ordinary water. Conclusion ：Iron rusts in ordinary water. Iron in dry air Moudle 6 the internet and telecommunications The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world, and it's accessible through a computer. It consists of millions of pages of data. In 1969, DARPA, a U.S. defence organisation, developed a way for all their computers to "talk" to each other through the telephone. They created a network of computers called DARPANET. For fifteen years, only the U.S. army could use this system of communication. Then in 1984, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) started the NSFNET network.It then became possible for universities to use the system as well.NSFNET became known as the Inter-Network, or "Internet". The World Wide Web (the web) is a computer network that allows computer users to access information from millions of websites via the Internet. At the moment, about 80 percent of web traffic is in English, but this percentage is going down. By 2020, much web traffic could be in Chinese.The World Wide Web was invented in 1991 by an English scientist, Tim Berners-Lee. Berners-Lee built his first computer while he was at university using an old television! He came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in Switzerland.Berners-Lee made it possible for everyone to use the Internet, not just universities and the army. He designed the first "web browser", which allowed computer users to access documents from other computers. From that moment on, the web and the Internet grew. Within five years, the number of Internet users rose from 600 000 to 40 million.The Internet has created thousands of millionaires, but Berners-Lee is not one of them. Everyone in the world can access the Internet using his World Wide Web system. He now works as a lecturer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。