山东省日照市 2015 届高三 12 月校际联合检测英语 试题
2014．12 注意事项： 1．本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和笫 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 2．答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名和考号填写在答题纸的相应位置。
第一部分 听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题
1．5 分，满分 7．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后面有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1．When does the plane take off? A．At 18：15． A．Playing a game． A．At home． B．At 8：15． C．At 8：50． 2．What are the speakers doing? B．Listening to their teacher． C．Doing an experiment． C．At a cinema． 3．Where did the conversation most probably take place? B．At a restaurant． 4．What does the woman say about the term paper? A．She spent a week typing it． B．She will deal with it next week． C．She still hasn’t finished it． 5．What can we learn from this conversation? A．Tom is surprised at the woman’s call． B．Tom complains about the woman’s call． C．Tom feels sorry that he’s missed the woman’s party． 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话和独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话和独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话和独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6～8 小题。 6．Why does the man prefer to book the seats downstairs? A．They are too close to the stage． B．They are too expensive． C．They are uncomfortable．
7．When does the man plan to see the performance? A．On October 21st． A．$2．50． B．Next Saturday． C．$10． C．On October 25th． 8．How much does each ticket upstairs cost? B．$3．75． 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9～11 小题。 9．What are the speakers probably doing? A．Discussing a plan． A．This year． B．Having a meeting． C．Having an interview． 10．When did the man finish high school? B．Last year． C．Two years ago． 11．What can we infer from the woman’s last words? A．The man is asked to go to college． B．The man is allowed to have the job． C．The man is refused to work in the college． 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12～14 小题。 12．What is Miss Lan going to do in Ola city? A．A doctor． B．A nurse． C．A teacher． 13．What worries Miss Lan so much? A．She has no friends in Ola． B．Tile work in Ola is hard to do． C．The people in Ola are not friendly． 14．What will Miss Lan do after she arrives in Ola? A．She will e-mail Mr. Huang． B．She will telephone Mr. Huang． C．She will send a letter to Mr. Huang． 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15～l7 小题。 l5．Why does the woman want to travel after graduation? A．To enrich her experience． B．To get a chance to help others． C．To buy some travelling books． 16．How can we suit the changing environment according to the woman? A．Be independent． B．Follow some traditions． C．Be willing to change． 17．What will the woman 1earn while traveling? A．To value people． B．To help people． C．To believe in herself． 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18～20 小题。 l8．When does the course start during the first part of it?
A．On Tuesday and Friday． B．On Tuesdays and Thursdays． C．On Thursday and Friday． 19．How often will the class meet in the research lab? A．Every two weeks． A．Role plays． B．Twice a week． C．Once a week． C．Class attendance． 20．What might be chosen to decide one’s final grade? B．Research paper． 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 l5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A At least 3 people are dead in the Philippines now that Typhoon Hagupit has landed． The typhoon，which hit the eastern Philippines over the weekend，has blown down trees and sent more than 650-thousand people into shelters before weakening． “There were very strong winds last night．The roof was beginning to move，and rain was getting inside the room， ”said a villager． The storm hit with gusts(强凤)of over 100- miles per hour． And while the storm has slowed considerably，from the Super Typhoon level it had last week， Hagupit still remains strong enough to create more damage． Christopher Perez is a local weather forecaster． “we are continuing to expect bad weather and rough ocean waves．Threats of possible flash floods and landslides(泥石流)as well as possible storm waves occurring in coastal areas． ” Hagupit is expected to roll into the South China Sea tomorrow． It’s currently going a westward toward the southern tip of Vietnam，meaning it's unlikely to affect China． Hagupit’s strength in the Philippines is much less severe than Typhoon Haiyan，which rolled through the country last year． Haiyan’s tsunami-like storm waves and killer winds left thousands of people dead and leveled entire villages． The central Philippines is still trying to recover from last year’s massive storm． 21．It can be inferred from the passage that the Typhoon Hagupit is_______． A．getting stronger C．going to affect China soon B．weakening D．more destructive than Haiyan
22．The under lined part “leveled entire villages”probably means______. A．destroyed all the buildings in the villages B．were of the same sea level as the villages C．killed all the villagers in the villages D．blown down all the trees in the villages 23．Which of the following suffered most when Haiyan rolled over? A．The eastern Philippines． C．The South China Sea． B．The southern tip of Vietnam． D．The central Philippines．
24．What do we know about Haiyan from the news? A．It caused less severe damage than Hagupit． B．It also rolled over Vietnam and China． C．It brought about a lot of deaths． D．It damaged the roofs of all the houses． B Friendly doctors are“bad for their patients’health” ，researchers have warned as a new study revealed two thirds of young doctors struggle to be truthful with patients they like． Blurring(使?模糊)the lines between social and professional relationships can affect the level of care offered and prevent patients from being honest about important side effects． “Doctors should avoid adding patients as friends on Facebook，they should not hug or allow patients to call them by their first names” ．regulators have warned． “Those who break the boundaries will face some punishment． ” It comes as a survey of 338 oncologists(肿瘤科医生)under the age of 40，found 59 per cent said they found it difficult to tell the truth to those patients they liked． Sixty per cent of respondents said if doctors felt too close to their patients， it could prevent them from making objective decisions about a person’s care． Lesley Fallowfield， of Brighton and Sussex Medical Schoo1． said： “Oncology is a profession that can be enormously rewarding but is filled with many challenges．Young oncologists have to master dealing with anxious patients who are facing a life-threatening disease ； conveying the true prognosis(预后)； discussing the complexity of modern treatments； and explaining the unavailability of some drugs，the side-effects of treatment，and likely treatment aims． ” But she said， “Those doctors who have entered the profession in the age of the ‘Internet world’are more likely to fall victim to blurring the professional boundaries with patients． She said： “The difficulty， if you hug and kiss patients， if you allow them to call you by your first name， is that quickly the relationship can become confused as a social one rather than a professional one．Doctors become confused， ‘I really like this person，how can I bear to tell them that they’re going to die?’They find it more difficult to be objective． ” 25．Why are ffiendl3，doctors bad for their patients’health?
A．They don’t like to cheat patients． B．They are not good at treating patients． C．They find it not easier to be objective to the patients． D．They seldom blur the relationship with patients. 26．What should doctors do according to the regulations? A．Add patients as friends on Facebook． B．Have close connection with patients in life． C．Always be cold to patients． D．Keep a proper distance to patients． 27．Which opinion will Lesley Fallowfield agree with? A．Oncology is a rewarding profession without challenges． B．The Internet makes it easier for young doctors to break the boundaries． C．It’s not the duty of doctors to deal with patients’anxiety． D．Becoming friends with patients will help them recover soon． 28．Young oncologists will face the following challenges except_____________． A．dealing with a lot of life-threatening diseases B．discussing difficulties of treatment with patients C．explaining the reason for the lack of some medicine D．informing patients of the possible results of the treatment C While most teenagers were studying to get into a top university，one 19-year-old was starring in his first movie，Blue Gate Crossing． It was a film about love on campus and it was well received in Taiwan．Many say it was this film that put Bolin Chen in position for his later glittering career in show business． In fact．it was not until he played a troubled young man in the movie Buddha Mountain three years ago that he regained his passion for acting． While being called a “ youth idol ” may seem like a compliment，it is a title that Chen has tried to shake off．He believes that “a youth idol means you simply rely on your appearance，not your acting talent” ． The most important thing for Chen now is to take more initiative(主动性） as an actor． “To me， an actor is like a chess piece，waiting for producers and directors to put him somewhere they want him to be． ” Chen， 29， told NetEase． “But I want to be the game player． ” He even took his ambition a step further，setting tip his own production company． But just when Chen started to locus on off-screen work，his life on screen took another turn． He won the title of Best Leading Actor at the 2012 Golden Bell Awards on Oct 26 for his role in
hit TV drama In Time with You．When asked why he accepted the part，which is another “youth idol”role．he told Yangcheng Evening News： “I played it for my grandfather．He tells everyone around that I am an actor．but I used to play in movies，not TV series．Now he is in the hospital．I hope that he can watch my performances by simply turning on the TV． ” Chen is a veteran(老手)in the entertainment world，but unlike many stars，he hasn’t led a luxurious(奢华的)life． He doesn’t even have a car but walks， rides a bike or takes a taxi whenever he goes out．He doesn’t have a house，either． “Everyone will eventually find some place to live anyway，why bother to buy property (地产)?”he asked Taiwan magazine Business Today． 29．What does Bolin Chen think of his title“youth idol”? A．He likes it very much． C．He wants to get rid of it． A．1ikes to play games such as chess B．wants to take an active part in producing his films C．cannot get along well with some directors D．thinks producers are more important in making a film 31．Bolin Chen played a part in the TV drama In Time with You because he_____． A．failed in off-screen work B．had become a“youth idol” C．wanted to delight his grandfather D．wanted to succeed in the new field 32．The main idea of the last paragraph is that Bolin Chen____． A．is a veteran in the entertainment world B．hasn’t made much money from his work C．doesn’t like the entertainment world D．prefers a different lifestyle from most stars D Whether it is Mozart or Miley， your choice of music could determine whether you will perform well al your work． A new study suggests that listening to music in the office improves the speed and accuracy of tasks such as data entry，proof reading and problem solving． In an office-based experiment，88 pet cent of participants were found to produce their most accurate work when listening to music． The study also found that 81 per cent completed their fastest work when music was played． And it matters what type of music you listen to． For instance， if you’ re doing your tax returns， then classical music is the most effective as it improves maths skills． B．He thinks it a compliment． D．He is not worthy of it．
30．Bolin Chen’s words in Para 4 suggest that he______．
Listening to Jessie J or Justin Bieber could also improve your speed，with 58 per cent of participants completing data entry tasks faster while listening to pop songs． During proof-reading， dance music， such as David Guetta， had the biggest positive impact with participants increasing their speed by 20 per cent compared to tests undertaken with no music at a11． Dance music also had a positive effect on spell-checking with a 75 per cent pass rate compared to 68 percent when no music was played al a11． The research， undertaken by Brighton-based Mindlab International， suggests that silent offices may be the least productive． “ The music experiment showed that when listening to music ， nine out of 10 people performed better， ”said Dr．David Lewis．Chairman of Mindlab International． “Proper music enables people to quickly process and keep information ，regulate their behaviors，make good choices，solve problems，plan and adjust to changing mental demands， ”a senior investigator of Mindlab International explains． “While many schools are cutting music programs and spending more and more time on test preparation，our findings suggest that musical training may actually help to set up children for a better academic future． ”added D r．David Lewis． 33．What does the passage mainly talk about? A．The positive relationship between music and efficiency． B．The speed and accuracy of problem-solving tasks． C．The comparison of different kinds of music． D．The experiment on productivity of office staff. 34．According to the passage，we can conclude that______． A．different kinds of music lead to the same effect B．silent offices can make people perform better C．listening to proper music can improve efficiency in office D．more tests prepare children for a better academic future 35．What is the author’s attitude towards school music programs? A．Respectful． B．Doubtful． C．Tolerant． D．Supportive． 第二节 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Everyone can benefit a lot from reading books．The following is about the various benefits of reading books． 36 Whenever you read something， you learn information that you otherwise wouldn’ t have known．It can be a fact about history or a theory you didn’t know existed．If you want to learn new words，reading books is a great way to enlarge your vocabulary．
Similar to solving puzzles，reading books allows your mind to practice its processing
skills．Going without books for too long will turn your mind into a whirl(混乱)． One of the primary benefits of reading books is its ability to develop your critical thinking skills． 38 Wherever you are faced with a similar problem in real life，your mind is able to put
its mystery-solving skills to a test. One of the real benefits of reading books is that the information in it can be accessed over and over again．For example，reading a cookbook allows you the luxury of reviewing the procedures whenever you need to．39 Don’t even think about writing the information down because you may lose the paper you wrote down on sooner or later. These are just some of the wonderful benefits of reading books． 40 If you can’t even go outside，you can download free e-books on line and read them on your computer．That way，you can set how advantageous reading can be for yourself． A．Reading books keeps your mind active． B．You can improve your memory by reading． C．Reading books provides you with new knowledge． D．Following a recipe from a cooking show will be difficult． E．Reading mystery novels，for example，sharpens your mind． F．Reading keeps your mind in good condition． G．Why don’t you drop by the bookstore or library and pick a book up? 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 30 分) 阅渎下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Every Wednesday，I go to Cantata Adult Life Services，a local retirement community，with my classmates to do community service． Our visits last about an hour, playing board games and cards with the residents 41 we’re there． You can watch all the movies and TV shows you want about“life back then” ，but nothing 42 with talking to the people who were actually there．Just hearing their stories has 43 me in a way never thought possible． Whether it was talking to 98-year-old“Hurricane Hilda”about her glory days 44 a roller skater or chatting with Lou about the times she danced with a famous actor, I was completely impressed by every single 45 the residents wanted to share with me． Even the residents who don't have 46 memories make the experience fulfilling ． I 49 remember visiting Mrs．Robinson．She couldn’t 47 much about her past，but she told me she'd 48 forget how kind I was just to listen to her “rambling(漫淡） ” . It made the realize that it's the things that make life worth living．That’s something I won't 50 anytime.
If there’s one thing I’ve realized in my three years of visiting Cantata，it's that 51 -just being there-means more than anything to many of the residents． And despite how 52 our lives are, there’ s always time to make them happy． For me，it feels great to be a 53 of happiness，a smile on a bad day or a(n) 54 for old memories．And at the end of the day，that’s all that 55． It’s easy to feel like you don’t have much in common with the a(n) 57 ．But that's not true at a11． I hate to make much comment here，but age really is just a(n) 58 ．As young adults，it's important for us to realize this sooner can often 60 from teenagers，too． 41．A．until 42．A．Compares 43．A．touched 44．A．1ike 45．A．imagination 46．A．suffering 47．A．concern 48．A．ever 49．A．important 50．A．care 51．A．presence 52．A．messy 53．A．trend 54．A．mind 55．A．matters 56．A．friendly 57．A．adult 58．A．amount 59．A．or else 60．A．hear B．unless B．competes B．reached B．as B．truth B．depressing B．describe B．always B．1ittle B．skip B．appearance B．happy B．chance B．ear B．favors B．1ively B．teenager B．difference B．rather than B．differ C．while C．combines C．captured C．about C．picture C．amazing C．recall C．even C．major C．believe C．companion C．easy C．source C．tongue C．differs C．1onely C．adolescent C．advantage C．other than C．judge D．before D．connects D．disgusted D．towards D．memory D．1onging D．mention D．never D．sweet D．forget D．protection D．busy D．cause D．heart D．exists D．elderly D．waiter D．number D．except for D．benefit 59 later．We can learn a lot from the elderly, and they 56 -especially，when you’re
第 II 卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 笫二节 (共 10 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词)或括号内的正确形式。 A man looking at his smartphone while walking across a railway crossing in Nanjing 61(have)a close knock on Oct 22． He was so 62 (absorb) in his smartphone that he didn’ t see a train approaching until it brushed past him， 63 (throw)him to the ground．This should serve 64 a warning that people should be aware of their surroundings．especially 65 crossing roads． 66 (1ucky)，the man survived a brush with death，but the incident forced the driver 67
(stop)the train．An l8-minute delay followed the incident， 68 other trains on the route．
led to a break in the running of
Smartphone 69 (addict)has spread like an infectious disease．It’s evident that it will do great harm to society．What’s even 70 (bad)，some addicts become impatient with relatives and friends． Some people blame the smartphone for the tragedy ，yet in tact people’s weakening self-control and self-discipline are to blame． 第四部分 写作(共两节；满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中 共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加： 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(＾)，并在其下面写出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。修 改：在错的词下面画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词： 2．只允许修改 l0 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I used to feel I was the sun in my family．But when my cousin was born，everyone pays more attention to her． So I disliked her and couldn’ t get along well with her. With time went on， I realized how ridiculous I have been at that time． I tried to find a proper time to apologize． When my cousin’ s family came to my home a few day ago，I took my cousin to play outside．In the way to the playground．I bought much snacks for her．Then we began chat．When we talked about their childhood，suddenly，I said“sorry”gently．She was silently，so I thought that she hadn’t heard me clearly．But after while she said： “Don’t say that．In my memory，you are always friendly． ” 第二节 书面表达（25 分) 假如你叫王凯，是学校国际班学生，上周五晚从楼梯摔下造成左脚受伤。虽手术及时， 但仍须在家中休养一月。请你按以下要点给你的老师 Mr．Smith 写一封信： 1．请假并说明原因，表达歉意； 2．询问病假期间的学习方式； 3．表达个人愿望。 注意： 1．词数 100 左右; 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头和结尾已为你写好。 Dear Mr. Smith．
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_________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________
Yours sincerely, Wang Kai
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2014 年高三校际联合检测 英语试题参考答案及评分标准
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 1-5 BCBAC 6-10 BAACB 11-15 BCCAA 16-20 CABAB
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （每题 2 分，共 15 小题，满分 30 分） 21-24 BADC 25-28 CDBA 29-32 CBCD 33-35 ACD
第二节 （每题 2 分，共 5 小题，满分 10 分） 36-40 CFEDG 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空 （每题 1.5 分，共 20 小题，满分 30 分） 41-45 DAABD 46-50 CCDBD 51-55 ADCBA 56-60 DBDBD
第 II 卷
第二节 （每题 1.5 分，共 10 小题，满分 15 分） 61. had 66. Luckily 62. absorbed 67. to stop 63. throwing 68. which 64. as 69. addiction 65. when/while 70. worse
第四部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1. pays 改成 paid 2. With time went on 改成 As time went on 或者 With time going on 4. day 改成 days 5. In the way 改成 On the way
3. have been 改成 had been
6. much snacks 改成 many snacks 8. their 改成 our
7. chat 改成 chatting(our chat)或 chat 前加 to
9. silently 改成 silent 10. after while 改成 after a while
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） One possible version: Dear Mr. Smith, I’m so sorry to say that I have to stay away from school for some time, because I hurt my left leg when I was going downstairs last Friday evening. Fortunately, I was given an immediate operation, but the doctor told me that I had to stay in bed for a month. What a long time! So, what can I do during this long absence from you and other teachers and classmates? I’m really worried about the lessons, and I’ll feel lonely without you. What can I do, Mr. Smith? I’m looking forward to your reply, and I hope I can get back to school as soon as possible. Yours
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sincerely, Wang Kai
(一)评分原则 1、本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量， 确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、词数少于 80 和多于 120 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性及上下 文的连贯性。 5、 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。 评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 (二)评分标准 第五档(21-25 分)：完全完成了试题规定的任务，完全达到了预期的写作目的 ——覆盖所有内容要点。 ——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致; 具 备较强的语言运用能力。 ——有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 第四档(16-20 分)：完全完成了试题规定的任务，达到了预期的写作目的 ——虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ——语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇 所致。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 第三档(11-15 分)：基本完成了试题规定的任务，整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的 ——虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 第二档(6-10 分)：未恰当完成试题规定的任务，信息未能清楚地传达给读者 ——漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 ——较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 第一档(1-5 分)：未完成试题规定的任务，信息未能传达给读者
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——明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 ——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ——缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 不得分(0 分)：未能传达给读者仟何信息：内容太少，无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内 容无关或所写内容无法看清。
部分答案解析 阅读理解： 21. B 由第二段 before weakening 以及第五段 slowed considerably from the Super Typhoon level 可知，台风的强度在变弱。 22. A 海燕“造成了上千人死亡，将整个村庄夷为平地”，因此推断为摧毁了所有房屋。 23. D 从文章最后一句可知，菲律宾中部仍然处在从去年的巨大损失的恢复过程中，因此推断 为中部地区受灾最为严重。 24. C 从文章倒数第二段看，台风海燕造成了数千人死亡。 25. C 通过文章第一段和最后一段可得知。注意首段中 struggle to be truthful with 的理解。 26. D 通过文章第三段可以推断出。 27. B 第 7 段至文尾皆是 Lesley Fallowfield 的观点。B 选项可从 para 9 可以得出。 28. A 根据倒数第三段的叙述，肿瘤科医生面临的挑战不包含 A 项。 29. C 根据第三段 it is a title that Chen has tried to shake off 可得到答案。 30. B 根据第一句和最后一句可以得到答案。 31. C 细节理解题。提示是倒数第二段 I played it for my grandfather。 32. D 最后一段主要讲述 Bolin Chen 和其他明星的不同生活风格。 33. A 文章开头点明主题：莫扎特也好，麦莉也好，你的音乐品味决定着你工作的效率。 34. C 全文紧紧围绕主题展开：听音乐能提高工作效率 35. D 由文章最后两段“Proper music enables people… changing mental demands”及“our findings … for a better academic future”可知：音乐训练可提高大脑的执行能力。综 合全文，作者的态度不言而喻。 完形填空： 本文主要讲述了作者和同学们到养老院陪老年人聊天的过程中产生的对人生的感悟和看法。 41. D 42. A “我们”在养老院期间，所以用 while。 not compare with 是 “比不上”，这里指的是“电影，电视”都比不上听老年人们聊天。
43. A 听他们的故事“感动我”，所以用 touch。 44. B Hurricane Hilda 讲述她“作为”roller skater 的光辉岁月，所以是 as。
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45. D 他们讲述的任何的“回忆”深深的吸引了 “我”。 46. C amazing 这里是“very good, especially in an unexpected way”,本句的意思是，“虽然有些老 年人没有“令人惊奇”的回忆，和他们交谈也很充实”。 47. C recall 回忆 48. D “他”永远不会“忘记”我们是多么的亲切听他们漫谈。
49. B 它让我意识到，正是这些“小事”使得生命是有意义的。 50. D 这是 “我”不会“忘记”的事情。其他选项意思不符合整篇文章的意思。 51. A 根据空格后面的“just being there”推出答案是 presence，到场，在场。这里的意思 是我们的 “到来（到养老院陪伴这些老年人）”让他们开心。 52. D “不管我们多么忙，我们都有时间来让他们开心。” 53. C 对我来说，我成为别人开心的“源泉”是很了不起的事情。 54. B 根据整篇文章，作者和他的同学们到养老院“倾听”老年人的故事，所以选择 B 项。 55. A 一天结束之后，我们给他们带来快乐这件事情是 “最重要/要紧的”。只有 matter 有此意。 56. D the elderly 是老年人的意思。
57. B “尤其是青少年”。跟 “the elderly”对比来说，用 “teenagers”合适。C 项 adolescent 侧重青春期的少年。 58. D 正确理解最后一段至关重要。本段的中心意思是作为年轻人要尽早认识到老年人 的年龄只是个“数字”，不应该成为和年轻人沟通中的障碍。所以 58 题选 number。 59. B 参看 58 题解释，青年人要尽快认识到这个问题。rather than “而不是”。 60. D 在我们和老年人的交流中，我们可以向他们学习，他们也会受益于我们（年轻人） 。 其他选项意思不符。 听力原文： Text 1 M: When are you leaving? W: I have bought the plane ticket. The plane takes off at 8:15 tomorrow. M: Say good-bye then. Text 2 W: Peter, you mustn’t do the experiment like that. Our teacher told us to follow his instructions. M: Thank you for telling me about that. Text 3 W: Waiter, a table for three, please! M: Would you like to sit over there in the corner? W: No problem. Plea se get it ready as soon as possible. M: OK, just a moment.
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Text 4 M: Cindy, have you finished your term paper? W: Finally I have done nothing else this week but type it. Text 5 W: Where were you yesterday, Tom? I called to ask you to come for dinner. It was my birthday yesterday. M: What a pity! I would love to have come, but actually I had a picnic with my family the whole day. Text 6 M: I’d like to book a few seats for “Hamlet”, please. W: Yes, sir. M: Have you got any seats downstairs? W: Yes, we have. M: How much are they? W: 3.75 each. M: Are there any seats for﹩2.50? W: Yes, there are—upstairs. How many? M: Four, please. W: For which night? M: What about Saturday, October 21st? W: I can give you four seats in Row 8. M: How long will the performance last? W: Two and a half hours. M: Thank you. How much will that be in all? Text 7 W: Good morning! Have a seat. M: Good morning! Thank you. W: I have your letter here. Your name is Robert Martin, right? M: That’s right. W: And you hope to work here next month? M: Yes, madam, if I can. W: Fine. You finished high school a year ago. Why didn’t you go to college that year? M: Well, I have a sister in college now, and there will be another one next year. So, I have to make a little money for us. W: Good! It seems that you are a good young man. By the way, what’s your best lesson in high school? M: Physics. I really enjoy it.
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W: That’s fine. Have you discussed this with your parents? M: Oh, sure. My parents said I should decide it myself. W: OK, you can work here, but you’d better go to college if you have a chance. Good luck, young man! M: Thank you, madam! Good-bye. Text 8 W: Mr. Huang, I’m going to teach in Ola very soon, perhaps next month. M: Congratulations, Miss Lan! You should be happy. You see, Ola is a big city; there are a lot of interesting things to see. W: Yes, that’s why I’ve come to you. I have mixed feelings, you see, I’m excited but I’m also a bit worried. M: What bothers you? W: You see it’s this: someone told me that people from Ola look down upon people from other places. Is this true? M: Oh, yes. Some people do. I hate this kind of attitude, I’m sure not everyone in Ola is like that. Do you look down upon others in the class? W: Of course not! I often help them. And I’ve learned a lot from the people coming from other places. They are all hard-working. Most of them are talented. M: Anyway, you will start a new life in a beautiful city. W: Yes. I feel excited. I’ll e-mail to you when I settle down. M: Thank you. Then good-bye and good luck! Text 9 M: Maria. What can you tell us about your plans for the future? W: Well, I’ve been considering taking a year out after I graduate. You know, maybe travel around the world and see some different countries. M: What do you hope to gain from traveling? W: I’ve always been interested in seeing different places, and experiencing different cultures, so it will give me a chance to experience these things at first hand rather than read about them in a book. But I also think that the experience I gain will help me find a good job when I come back. M: Can you explain why you think traveling will help you find a job? W: Well, the way I see it, a modern business environment is changing. Therefore, to be successful in one’s life, it is important to be able to accept changes. M: Er...It sounds reasonable. W: I also believe that traveling will teach me to be independent, as well as to value other people.
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M: Why do you believe traveling will help you to value other people? W: As you know, when you’re traveling you can’t get help f rom your family, so you have to depend on your friends, or even turn to unknown people. M: Oh, I see. You’re right, Maria. Text 10 Hello, everyone. My name’s Karl Roberts, and I’ll be your teacher of this course, Language and Culture. To begin with, please take a look at the teaching programme in front of you. As you should all know by now, this course is given on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 3:15 to 4:50 in the afternoon. We will be meeting in this room for the first half of the course, but we will be using the research lab every other week on Friday in Room 405 during the last two months of the course. Uh, this is the text for this lesson, Beyond Language. Unfortunately, the books haven’t come in yet, but I was told that you should be able to buy them at the bookstore the day after tomorrow. Again, as you see on your course outline, the grade is determined by your performance in the midterm and final exams, classroom tests, and on your research work. My office hours are from 9:00 to 12:00 on Wednesdays, and you can set up a date to meet me at other times as well.
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