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Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquake学案(第5课时)


学习目标 重点难点

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquake Period Five Writing

训练学生用英语写出一篇质量较高的新闻报道。训练学生学会用写作提纲来写新闻报道。 1.掌握新闻稿件的写作方式,并学习其写作技巧。 2.使用较复杂的结构和多种句式来表达新闻内容。

【写作指导】
写新闻

故事或报道要注意时间性, 要让人急于了解所写内容。 一篇新闻报道通常由三部分组成: (title, 标题 可用一般现在时态) ,导语(lead-in)和正文(body) 。如下: Earthquake strikes Yushu! ----title An earthquake measuring 7.1 degrees on the Richter scale struck Yushu at 7:49 on the morning of Apr.14th, 2010,?? ------lead in During the earthquake over 2000 people were killed....... -------body We should never forget?? -------close 正文是写作的主要部分, 此部分要告知读者或听众最重要的事实, 它包括 “新闻六要素” 即事件(what)、 , 时间(when)、地点(where)、人物(who)、原因(why)和方式(how) 。一般来说,新闻应按“时间顺序”或“逻 辑顺序”写作,时态一般以过去时态为主。 2. 常用短语和句型 Recently there is a fierce …… 最近?? There is no doubt that…… 毫无疑问?? We cannot ignore the fact that more and more…… (我们不能忽略的事实是??) 课文中描写自然灾害的句子: In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. Two-thirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed and many children were left without parents. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than …… Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. 【写作例题】 请根据所给内容写一篇关于玉树地震的新闻报道。不少于 100 词。内容包括: 1) 时间:北京时间 2010 年 4 月 14 日 7 时 49 分 2) 震级:里氏 7.1 级(measuring 7.1 degrees on the Richter scale) 3) 损失:2,000 多人死亡, 大部分建筑物倒塌。 4) 现状:英雄的汶川人民与全国人民一道正在自救。 5) 提醒人们不要忘记灾难和在危难时给灾区人民提供帮助。 Earthquake Strikes Yushu! An earthquake measuring 7.1 degrees on the Richter scale struck Yushu at 7:49 on the morning of...________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

【佳作欣赏】
Earthquake strikes Yushu! An earthquake measuring 7.1 degrees on the Richter scale struck Yushu at 7:49 on the morning of Apr.14th, 2010, which killed more than 2,000 people and most of the buildings were destroyed. The roads were destroyed as well and the electricity was cut off. water, and food were hard to get. However, with the help of the Chinese, the people in Wenchuan are not beaten down by the disaster. Now they are saving themselves. We believe the area will breathe soon.
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We should never forget the damage the earthquake caused to them and those who are still in terrible trouble, so we should try our best to help them build their houses. We believe that in the near future a new Wenchuan will appear in Sichuan. 【亮点点击】 本文依据提示完成了新闻报道的写作,时态正确,内容表述自然,从地震的发生、破坏到自救分层次 描写,达到了预期目的。总起来说,还有以下几个亮点: 1. 活用本单元所知识,如灵活使用了文中句型和词语 water and food were hard to get. The area will breathe again 等。 2. 用词高级、准确。如 destroy, cut off, not beaten 等;尤其是 the people are not beaten...很有特色,具有修辞 功能。 3. 句式多样,灵活多变,如复合句、并列句等的使用;还有 We should never forget.... 双重否定的运用值 得模仿。

达标练习
请根据以下表格内容,以 A Big Forest Fire 为题,写一篇英文简讯。 起火时间 2010 年 11 月初 地点 起火原因 持续时间 参加救灾 人员 死亡人员 经济损失 影响和解 决措施 中国东北部 一青年工人吸烟 约一个月 数千名解放军战士与当地群众 约 200 人 至少一千万元 全国震惊……

________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. 翻译句子 1) 2010 年 11 月初,在中国东北部发生了一场大火。 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2) 起火原因是一青年工人在森林中吸烟不小心。 ___________________________________________________________________________________. 3) 这场大火持续了接近一个月。 ___________________________________________________________________________________. 4) 数千名解放军战士与当地群众参与救火行动。 ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5) 大约 200 人死亡,经济损失至少一千万元。 ___________________________________________________________________________________. 6) 全国对此感到震惊。 ___________________________________________________________________________________. 7) 我们应采取措施来防止类似事件发生 ____________________________________________________________________________________.
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2. 连句成文 利用以上几个句子,加上恰当的连接词和必要的过渡句,必要时可以改变句式,使之成为一段连贯的 文章。 (首句已给出) A Big Forest Fire ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

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参考答案
1. 翻译句子 1) A big forest fire broke out in the northeast of China in the early November, 2010. 2) A young worker smoked carelessly in the forest and the cigarette end started/caused the fire. 3) The big fire lasted nearly a month. 4) Thousands of soldiers and local people joined in the fight against the fire. 5) About 200 people were killed in the fire and at least ten million yuan was lost. 6) The whole nation was shocked by the fire and was thinking of the lesson it taught us. 7) We should do something to prevent this happening again. 2. 连句成文 A Big Forest Fire A big forest fire broke out in the northeast of China in the early November, 2010. It is said that a young worker smoked carelessly in the forest and the cigarette end started the fire. The big fire lasted nearly a month, and about 200 people were killed and at least ten million yuan was lost. Soon after the fire, thousands of soldiers and local people joined in the fight against it At last, the fire were put out. As a result, the whole nation was shocked by it and was thinking of the lesson it taught us. I think we should do something to prevent this from happening again!

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