浦东新区 2014 学年度 第一学期期末质量测试 高三英语试卷
（本卷满分 150 分；完卷时间 120 分钟） 2015 年 1 月 14 日
第 I 卷 （103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten sh
ort conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Only one person in the group is older than he. B. His group is almost the oldest. C. He is the youngest person in the group. D. He appears only in the second photograph. 2. A. It has unusually good service. B. It has excellent food. C. The service there is disappointing. D. Everything there is great. 3. A. She thinks it will be better than the old one. B. She is anxious for it to be completed. C. She is worried that it is not long enough. D. She feels that it should not have been built. 4. A. He often complains. B. He is never happy. C. He often does something. D. He is short. 5. A. She didn’t know her daughter could sing so well. B. She sings better than her daughter. C. She doesn’t like her daughter. D. She herself doesn’t have a good voice. 6. A. Enjoyable. B. Dull. C. Moving. D. Inspiring. 7. A. The apples and pears might not be good. B. The apples are not as good as the pears. C. The apples and pears are very good. D. The apples and pears are as good as they look. 8. A. The talks haven’t started yet B. The talks haven’t produced any agreement. C. Their talks have achieved much. D. Their talks broke down and could go no further. 9. A. The long wait. B. The broken down computer. C. The mistakes in her telephone. D. The bad telephone service. 10. A. Because she feels very hot in the room. B. Because she wants to avoid meeting people. C. Because she wants to smoke a cigarette outside. D. Because she doesn’t like the smell of smoke inside. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Many cars were turned upside down as a result of the flood. B. Peter ’s hometown was located in the mountains. C. There were many large stones on the roads after the flood.
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D. Tractors and lorries were busy carrying food to the flooded area. 12. A. How people fought against a natural disaster. B. Help was rushed to the flood-stricken city. C. A big flood struck Peter ’s hometown. D. Many people died in a serious flood. 13. A. The big flood occurred in July. B. Over 2500 people lost their homes. C. More than 100 people died in the flood. D. The victims of the flooded area were carried to safety by helicopters. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Because he was so tired that he collapsed. B. Because he liked snacks so much that he took it almost every day. C. Because the fast food he often took caused him to become weaker and weaker. D. Because he wanted to be given blood transfusions. 15. A. When people are so busy, they will skip their meals. They usually have takeaways or snacks instead. B. The speaker regrets to have taken too much fast food, he advises others not to follow his example. C. The speaker prefers quick snacks to home-cooked meals. D. The speaker had intended to cook something nourishing. 16. A. Have a wonderful time! B. Enjoy your good health! C. Have a satisfying meal! D. Thank you for your meal! Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
1. How many cups of coffee has Fred drunk since lunch? ____17____. 2. He drank so much coffee simply because he felt ____18____ in the class. 3. According to the lady’s opinion, too much coffee is likely to cause ___19___ disease. 4. Studies have shown that coffee makes you work fast but not ___20___ better. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. 1. The woman is ___21___ background music. 2. Background music is supposed to ____22___ people’s attitudes. 3. Music gives you ____23____ and people around you. 4. Fast music makes customers spend ___24___ in hamburger places. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A
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Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
You can’t go near the City Centre Mall in downtown Seattle without seeing the mermaid logo of a certain international coffee company. Today the company __(25)___(establish) 5,945 stores in the United States and 2,392 more overseas and in Canada. While it ___(26)__ seem that there is already a Starbucks at every corner, Chairman Howard Schultz says the company is just getting started. The company plans to double the current number of domestic stores to nearly 12,000. To meet ___(27)____ target, Sawbucks will start more stores at airports and supermarkets. Don’t be fooled: the key to its success is not the taste of its coffee. ___(28)__ has made them great is making sure that no one has a bad experience in their stores. One way it intends to keep further its growth is to move customers through its line more quickly. While Starbucks executives love to talk about their store’s gentle environment as a ―third place ___(29)____ home and work, it turns out that only 30 percent of customers actually use the tables and couches. Everyone else ___(30)___ (grab) their coffee to go, __(31)__ __(31)___ one third of new stores will now offer drive-through. The company is also coming up with new ideas ____(32) ___ (get) customers to dig deeper into their wallets. On each floor of Starbucks headquarters south of downtown Seattle, employees of the company tout（兜售）new plans for food and new drinks such as coffee liqueurs（咖啡酒）and this year ’s holiday offering: pumpkin spice lattes.
Art of living Aristotle once wrote that ―happiness is a state of activity. In other words, whether you are seeking lifelong satisfaction ___(33)___ a few moments of good cheer, you have got to move forward. We’ve surveyed the experts and found four steps to take toward a sunny disposition（性格）: 1. VALUE YOUR RELATIONSHIPS Over a 30-year period, University of Illinois researchers asked nearly 12,000 people ___(34)___ income, education, political participation, volunteer activities, and close relationships affected their happiness. Reported Newsweek’s Sharon Begley on the findings, ―The highest level of happiness ___(35)___ (find) with the most stable, longest, and most contented relationships. 2. EXPRESS YOURSELF Singing aloud, talking to a stranger, raising your hand: All may increase a feeling of well-being, according to a study from Wake Forest University. Participants tracked their moods for two weeks and reported feeling happier when they were ___(36)___ (outgoing). 3. SPEND MONEY ON OTHERS The editors of forbes.com gave $5 or $20 randomly to 46 strangers. Half the group was told to spend money on __(37)__, while the other half was told to spend it on others. Those who’d shared the wealth felt much happier at the end of the day than those who’d spent it on themselves. There was no difference in happiness between those who spent $5 or $20, suggesting that it’s not how much money you spend, but how you spend it, __(38)__ can boost (提升) the spirit. 4. FOCUS ON THE POSITVE Studies from the University of Pennsylvania’s Positive Psychology Center show ___(39)__ negative-minded people who wrote down three good things that happened to them each day for six months reported an ___(40)___ (improve) outlook.
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Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. recall G. minimized B. present H. evidently C. handling I. refresh D. defeating J. eventually E. containing K. exhausted F. content
Most individuals experience some form of test anxiety when they take an important examination. This anxiety can __41__ itself in physical symptoms like nausea or sweaty palms, or in emotional symptoms like panic and irritability. Often, individuals will become nervous long before the exam date because they feel __42__ by the amount of material they must master. The first step in __43__ this anxiety is realizing that test anxiety is a natural reaction, and that it can be __44__. In order to regain control over anxiety, one should break the exam __45__ into smaller sections. It will seem much easier to master a series of small subjects than to handle a huge subject all at once. Test-takers should make a study schedule weeks or months ahead of the exam, and give themselves a small amount to learn each period. When the exam day __46____arrives, anxiety will be reduced by the feeling of preparedness. Apart from that, anxiety can be lessened in a few easy ways. First, avoid having any excessively stimulating foods, such as those __47__ caffeine or sugar, on the day of the exam. Getting a good night's sleep and a little bit of exercise will __48__ one's brain and allow for easy __49__ of the learned material. During the exam, breathe deeply and sit in a comfortable position. On exams where this is possible, many people find comfort in going through and answering all of the easy questions before __50__ the more difficult ones. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Leadership is a word getting a lot of attention these days. It appears in the title of new advice, how-to, and business books with amazing __51__. Definitions vary, but most of the ones I’ve seen don’t help much. It’s a totally __52__ subject: You think A is a great leader; I like B’s __53__ better. That is, you may not be able to __54__ it, but you know it when you see it. So this is my take on the elusive (难以捉摸的) concept: Years ago, leadership had __55__ to do with a specific ability. ―Leader was the __56__ given to the emperor of the organization. The person was the commander, the __57__ with complete control. But __58__ there is another way to establish yourself as a leader. Here is my definition: Leadership is the ability to get others to do what you want, need, or expect them to do, and feel good about doing it. It is the __59__ part (feeling good about doing it) that is so elusive. If I am in charge, I can certainly demand you do what I expect you to do and insist you get it done. I can give orders. ___60__, I am the boss, and everyone knows what that means. It is a sure way to destroy the atmosphere of the __61__. Today, I believe that approach is on the way __62__, although it will always be with us. When people hate the boss, sure, the boss is called --leader-- but not a good one, because the followers are an unhappy bunch. If they had another, __63__ job to go to, they would be gone in a minute. Here is a list of the qualities I believe it __64__ to be a good leader: 1. Likable; 2. Trustworthy; 3. Competent
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and experienced; 4. Part of the team; 5. Able and willing to participate; 6. Ready to __65__; 7. Adaptable to change; 8. Eager to share credit. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. Section B Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Being a normal, healthy nineteen-year-old, Rhona was in the habit of falling asleep the moment her head touched her pillow and not wakening up again until her mother called her at seven-thirty. When she awoke that morning in the grey light of early dawn, she had no idea what had disturbed her. Then she imagined, or thought she imagined, a faint smell of smoke around her nostrils (鼻孔). What was strange, though, was the very fact that she was wide awake and, according to her bedside clock, it was only a quarter to four. She sat up, listening, alert. There was definitely a smell of burning. Rising quickly, she crossed to the window and opened it quietly, thinking it would be the remains of some garden bonfire. But it wasn’t. She saw smoke and flames billowing out of a downstairs window next door. Barefoot and in pyjamas, she ran first to her parents’ room, opening their door to call, ―Mum! Dad! There’s a fire next door! Downstairs in a flash, she hurriedly dialled 999 and gave her name and address in clear, brief tones. By the time she had finished, Graeme, her elder brother, was coming running downstairs. ―You go to their front door—I’ll go to the back, she said to him. As she banged on their neighbors’ back door, she could hear a child crying in fear. Without stopping to think, Rhona lifted the large doorstop and smashed it through a glass panel, put her hand in and turned the key which opened the door. Through the smoke she saw a drying screen hung with white washing and she grabbed at as many of the damp clothes as she could on her way past towards the stairs. Halfway up she met Mr Parker carrying the baby and she hurriedly gave him some wet towels before doing the same for Mrs Parker who was behind him leading two-year-old Clare by the hand. ―Crouch down as low as you can, Rhona directed them as she took the child’s other hand. Within a matter
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A. activity A. wrong A. system A. define A. a lot A. rank A. authority A. reasonably A. first A. Above all A. friendship A. over A. money-saving A. endures A. please
B. regularity B. unnecessary B. style B. understand B. something B. type B. candidate B. hopefully B. second B. After all B. school B. in B. highly-demanding B. takes B. change
C. reality C. objective C. sample C. analyze C. nothing C. title C. specialist C. sadly C. former C. For instance C. company C. along C. decent-paying C. minds C. listen
D. sensitivity D. subjective D. speech D. summarize D. everything D. honor D. assistant D. fortunately D. whole D. On the contrary D. workplace D. out D. far-reaching D. describes D. follow
of seconds the family was safely outside. 66. Rhona woke up early in the morning because_________. A. her mother called her for an emergency B. she heard a baby crying in fear downstairs C. she smelt something burning in the air D. the alarm clock rang as she set it 67. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Rhona, together with her brother, Graeme, went to the Parkers’ rescue. B. The Parkers escaped from the burning house together. C. Rhona broke into the house by back door after smashing the glass panel. D. Rhona covered her mouth with the damp clothes before entering the Parkers’. 68. According to the article, Rhona can be best described as _________. A. alert and timid B. courageous and stressed C. panic and sympathetic D. decisive and responsive 69. It can be inferred that when the fire broke out, _________. A. The Parkers were at a loss what to do B. Rhona had a good knowledge of survival skills C. Rhona showed the Parkers a safe fire escape D. Rhona’s parents helped to save the scared children
Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour
Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour consists of three tour routes: City Tour (red route). Temple Tour(green route) and Pudong Tour (blue route). In addition, Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour also designs night routes to provide a platform for tourists to enjoy the night scenes of this vital city. Every bus is equipped with a guide system which is available in 8 languages: Mandarin, English, Japanese, Korean, French, German, Spanish and Russian.
Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour -- Red Line Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour --Blue Line 1 hour and 15 minutes 09:45 Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour --Green Line Around an hour 09:15
Tour time First Run Last Run Interval
1 hour 09:00 17:00 May to October: 20:00 30 minutes
The time of departure or arrival is subject to change due to traffic conditions and other factors. We apologize for any inconvenience.
Tickets, Services & Prices Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Ticket Price: RMB 100 Red route
Shanghai Sightseeing Bus 24-hour Package Price: RMB 200 Red route
Shanghai Sightseeing Bus 48-hour Package Price: RMB 300 Red route
2015 届 上海一模 英语 浦东新区
Blue route Green route You can get on or off at any stop. Valid for 24 hours Free earphones Scenery introduction in 8 languages
Blue route Green route You can get on or off at any stop. Free earphones Scenery introduction in 8 languages One single-way ticket for the Bund sightseeing tunnel One of scenic spots below: One ticket for one-hour cruise on the Huangpu River One ticket for Madam Tussauds Shanghai One ticket for Jinmao Tower sightseeing floor One ticket for sightseeing at 94 th floor of SWFC
Blue route Green route You can get on or off at any stop. Valid for 48 hours Free earphones One ticket for one-hour cruise on the Huangpu River
Tour Description 1. Tourists can buy coupons （套票）of tickets for Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour at agencies of Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour. 2. Agencies of Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour will provide tourists with coupons and Big Bus brochures. 3. Tourists can exchange tickets from Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour staff in uniform at stops below:
Address Nanjing Road (New World City) The Bund Tourist Service Center Jade Buddha Temple Shanghai Art Museum Oriental Pearl Television Tower Time for exchange 09:00—17:00 09:30—16:30 09:30—16:30 09:30—16:30 09:30—16:30
4. Tourists can change different tickets with coupons: a. Shanghai Sightseeing Bus ticket with fixed time b. Free tickets for scenic spots according to the different choices of tourists Tel: 021-63515988 Website: www. bigbustours.com 70. According to the schedule, when does the second run of the Red Route depart? A. At 09:00. B. At 10:30. C. At 09:30. D. At 10:00. 71. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Tourists hoping to visit Pudong should choose the Red Route. B. Coupons of tickets are available to tourists free of charge. C. Tourists can exchange tickets at Shanghai Art Museum at 17:00. D. The 24-hour package ticket can give tourists access to the Bund sightseeing tunnel. 72. To go sightseeing with Shanghai Sightseeing Bus Tour, a tourist can _________. A. exchange tickets round the clock C. get on or off at any time B. enjoy the night scenes of the city D. always expect timely arrival of the bus
73. Where will you most probably find the information?
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A. In a bus schedule. C. In a curriculum booklet.
B. In a book review. D. In a tourist guidebook.
(C) Since ninety-eight percent of Hong Kong people are Chinese, half of them from Mainland China who know little English, there seems to be no valid reason why Chinese should not be one of the official languages of Hong Kong. Generally, none-English speaking Chinese make out very well. It is mostly the courts that they experienced any great difficulty – Hong Kong’s law and court proceedings are in English – because, apparently, not sufficient attention is given to translating laws and procedures into Chinese. One other difficulty lies in the field of official communication – from Government offices. It seems no more than reasonable that such communications addressed to Chinese people should be in both Chinese and English. The Chinese Language Committee has, in its four reports to Government, proposed that the Chinese language should have equal status with the English language in meetings of the Legislative Council, the Urban Council and Government Boards and Committees; in oral and written communications between Government and the public; in court-proceedings and the language of the law; and in the Hong Kong School Certificate of Education Examinations – all that by 1974 or 1975. The key-word in the recommendation is status, as Judge T.L. Yang, Chairman of the Legal Sub-committee of the government-appointed Chinese Language Committee, pointed out. He is not happy with the term Fat Ting U Men which the Committee adopted to indicate the official status of the Chinese language. His Honor preferred Kun Fong U Men, meaning a language used by the government. In other words, such official language, whether Chinese or English, need not necessarily be used in every instance. Consequently, situations may occur in which only Chinese is used by the government and, again, other communication situations in which only English is used. As one Chinese newspaper editorial pointed out, equal status does not necessarily mean equal use – whether in law or any other official communication. The result of the Chinese Language Committee’s four Reports seems to be that Chinese and English are now used in the Urban Council and the Legislative Council meetings and are likely to be used shortly in other circumstances prospected by that Committee. Let it be noted, however, that in Hong Kong, as everywhere else, new ideas take hold very slowly – unless pressure is exerted from some quarter or another. For instance, after the demonstrations by post-secondary students in favor of Chinese as an official language, Government communicated with the public in both Chinese and English. However, when such communication appeared in writing, the Chinese translation was often so inadequate that the receivers, if they were able, read the English to understand the meaning of the Chinese. 74. According to the writer, Chinese should be made an official language because ________. A. most Hong Kong citizens have an adequate command of Chinese B. some Hong Kong citizens find considerable difficulty in legal language C. the population of Hong Kong is predominantly Chinese D. the national pride of the Hong Kong Chinese urges them to demand it. 75. The main idea of the sixth paragraph is that ________. A. equal status of English and Chinese means equal use B. only Chinese should be used in official communication C. both English and Chinese should be employed in all official communication D. both English and Chinese or either language should be used as the situation demands 76. The phrase or word nearest in meaning to take hold in the seventh paragraph is ________.
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A. fasten upon the mind B. grasp C. are rejected D. are accepted 77. The writer, in his conclusion, implies that ________. A. the government will be forced to accept Chinese as an official language B. good translators are definitely inadequate in Hong Kong C. many difficulties will arise from translating English into Chinese D. a person has to be bilingual (双语的) before he understands translations in Chinese
Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.
Sunshine might be healthier than most people think, outweighing the risk of skin cancer. British doctors suggested last week and ran straight into a storm. The four researchers at Bristol University in western England were accused of weakening years of campaigning to warn people of the dangers of too much sun. Experts agree exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays (紫外线) increases the risk of skin cancer and accelerates the signs of aging. But in the British Medical Journal, the Bristol team led by Andrew Ness wrote, ―There is evidence that the potential benefits of exposure to sunlight may outweigh the widely publicized negative effects on the incidence of skin cancer. Vitamin D, made in the body in reaction to sunlight, prevented rickets (软骨病) in children and was associated with a protective effect against heart disease. Sunshine was also useful for treating certain skin conditions and there was evidence that it reduced the incidence of multiple sclerosis (硬化症). There was also the ―feel good effect of lying or sitting in the sun. The researchers said it was too early to advise people to spend more time in the sun, but suggested the basis of the current advice to cover up should be reviewed. ―Perhaps, while we await the conclusions of such formal analyses, those of us who enjoy spending time in the sun can rest assured that the chance that we will be one of the people dying from the sun is small, they added. Their article was strongly criticized by health campaigners who claimed it was unbalanced and not backed by scientific evidence. Britain’s Health Education Authority said skin cancer was the most common form of cancer in the country, with more than 50,000 new cases diagnosed each year and more than 2,000 people dying from the disease. It said treatment almost always required surgery and almost 50 per cent of cases were fatal. The authority’s skin cancer campaign manager Christopher New said, ―We are very disappointed with this controversial article. It doesn’t have enough supporting evidence and runs the risk of undoing many years of good health education. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 78. According to the four researchers at Bristol University, ______________________________ does more good than harm. 79. What does the author mean by saying ―the British doctors ran straight into a storm? 80. The ―good health education reminds people ______________________________. 81. People have not yet been able to reach an agreement on ______________________________.
第 II 卷 （共 47 分）
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I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 老师让我用熟悉的词替换生词。 （replace） 2. 有些家长从未意识到，做家务可以培养孩子的责任心。(Never) 3. 如果有朝一日，学生能自主选择校服的款式，那该多棒啊！(How) 4. 鼓励市民买电动汽车，这从长远来看将有助于促进低碳经济。 （which） 5. 新近开发的智能手表功能如此强大，估计明年一经上市，必将热销。(estimate) II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 — 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 科技与生活息息相关,为我们带来快捷便利。请结合实际，以“My Technologically-enriched Life”为题， 谈一谈科技如何丰富了你的生活。
2015 届 上海一模 英语 浦东新区
2015 届上海高考一模考试 英语试卷 浦东新区 参考答案及听力文字
第I卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A 1-5 ACBAD 6-10 BABAD Section B 11-13 DCB 14-16 CCC Section C 17. Three 18. sleepy 19. heart 22. influence 23. a better feeling II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A 25. has established 26. may/might 29. besides 30. grabs 33. or 34. how 37. themselves 38. that Section B 41-45 BKDGF 46-50 JEIAC
20. necessarily 21. working on 24.seventeen minutes eating
27. this/that/the 31. so that 35. is found 39. that
28. What 32. to get 36. more outgoing 40. improved
III. Reading Comprehension Section A 51-55 BDBAC 56-60 CADBB 61-65 DDCBC Section B 66-69 CDDB 70-73 CDBD 74-77 CDDC Section C 78. exposure to sunshine(写 potential benefits of exposure to sunshine 只得一分) 79. their statement caused much criticism from the health campaigners/ they were strongly criticized by authorities/ their article aroused a heated debate. 80. that sunshine may cause skin cancer/ of the risk of being exposed to sunshine/ of the dangers of too much sunshine 81. whether sunshine is good for people or not 第 II 卷 I. Translation 1. The teacher asked us to replace the new word with a familiar one. 2. Never are parents aware that doing housework can cultivate/develop children’s sense of responsibility. 3. How great (it is) if one day the students can choose the style of the school uniform by themselves/ on their own! 4. Citizens are encouraged to buy the electric car/ the electricity-powered vehicle, which in the long run can / will help (to) promote the low carbon economy. 5. The recently-developed smart watch is so powerful in function that it is estimated to sell well once it comes out next year. II. Guided Writing 略
2015 届 上海一模 英语 浦东新区
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