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初中语法 冠词 第三课


初中英语语法专项习题 3-冠词
1.不定冠词 an 用在元音读音开头(不是指元音字母)的词前,其余用不定冠词 a. 2.定冠词的基本用法 A 用在重新提到的人或事物前面。 B 指谈话双方都知道的人或事物前面。 Open the door, please.请开门。(双方都知道指的是哪一个门) 3.定冠词的特殊用法 A. 表示在世界上独一无二的事物,如 the sun 太阳

,the moon 月亮,the earth 地球,the sky 天空,the world 世界。 B. 用在序数词、形容词的最高级及 only 所修饰的名词前。 C. 用在江河、海洋、山脉、湖泊、群岛的名称前面。 E. 用在姓氏的复数形式前面,表示全家人或这一姓的夫妇二人。 如:The Browns are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer. F. 用在乐器名称前。 G. 定冠词还可与某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化,代表某一类人或物。如 the poor 穷 人,the rich 富人,the wounded 伤员,the sick 病号,the beautiful 美丽的事物。 4.名词前不用冠词的情况 (1)在节日、星期、月份、季节、年等词前不用冠词。如:in summer, in August 请区别:in the spring of 1945. (这里表示特指,故加 the) (2) 三餐饭、球类、棋类前一般不用冠词如:have breakfast ,play football ,play chess (3) 头衔、职务(这种职务一般只由一人担任)名词前一般不用冠词 We elected him monitor of our class. (4) 名词前有物主代词、指示代词、不定代词或名词所有格修饰时,不用冠词。 (5) 一些固定词组中,如:go to bed , go to school, by bus ,at night. (6) 在有些词组中,有冠词和无冠词意思不同,请注意区别: in front of 在…前面 in the hospital 在医院里 in the front of 在…范围内的前部 in hospital (生病)住院 (sit) at table 就餐; sit at the table 坐在桌边

练习
1 _____ old lady in brown is____ university professor. A. An; a B. An; / C. The; an D. The; a 2 -Have you learned German? -Yes. It's ___ language I've ever learned.

A. a quite difficult B: quite a difficult C. difficult quite D. difficult a quite 3 He ordered(订购)____ book some time ago and now ____ book has arrived. A. a; a B. the; a C. the; the D. a; the 4 He has tried twice, and the captain asks him to have ____ third try. A. the B. a C. another D. other 5 China is one of ___ oldest countries in ___ world. A. the; the B. the; / C. a; a D. an; the 6 Why not ask your father to draw____ map for you if you want to get to ___Alice's

house easily? A. a; an B. /; an C. the; a D. a; / 7 ____ Browns are sitting at____ breakfast table. A. /; a B. The; / C. The; the D. /;the 8 It's ____ pleasure to see ____ sun rising in ____ east. A. /; the; / B. a; /; / C. a; the; the D. /; the; the 9 I He likes playing___ piano, he doesn't like playing____ football. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; the D. /; / 10 ____ poor in those days had a hard time. A. A B. This C. The D. Those 11 They sailed along ____ Yellow River for two weeks before they arrived ___ home. A. /; / B. the; / C. the; the D. /; the 12 Mary has ___ high fever and she has to be in ___ hospital. A. a; / B. a; a C. /; / D. the; the 13 Mary is fond of watching ____ TV while Henry is interested in listening to___radio. A. the; / B. /; the C. the; the D. /; / 14 He spent too much time talking on ______ phone while we were all busy at _____ work. A. the, / B. a, /C. /;/ D. the, the 15 — Did you happen to see _______ black and _______ white cats? — Are they missing? I told you to take care of them. A. a; / B. the; /C. the; the D. a; the

关于环境保护问题

How to protect the environment
As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse. In some places, we can’t see fish swimming in the river or trees on the hills. Some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do something to protect the environment. But what can we do? How to protect our environment? For example, we can go to school on foot or by bike, we can use shopping baskets instead of plastic bags when we go shopping, and we can use both sides of the paper when we write. In a word, if everyone pays more attention to our environment, there will be less pollution and our life will be better. There is only one earth, I hope everyone will protect our environment well.


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