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广东省汕头市2015年高三第一次模拟考试英语试题


绝密★启用前

试卷类型:A

2015 年汕头市普通高考第一次模拟考试试题





本试卷共三大部分,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号分别填写在答题卡上, 用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)

填涂在答题卡上,并在答题卡右上角的“试室号”和“座位号”栏填写试 室号、座位号,将相应的试室号、座位号信息点涂黑. 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用 橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答, 答题前必须先填好答题纸的密封线内各项内容。 答案必须写在答题纸上各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上 新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4.考生必须保持答题卡、答题纸的整洁,考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡、答题纸一并交回。

第一部分

英语知识应用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Recently, I was told that managing is mostly common sense.Though I agree with this 1 in general,it leads me to a few very 2 conclusions. In the IT field,entry level jobs are technical.As an engineer's career 3 , they become much more technical,with more responsibilities,and hopefully higher pay. 4 ,some of these engineers are promoted to 5 ,which is very non-technical.As mentioned above, these management jobs are more common sense by mostly 6 and evaluating daily tasks. The surprising reality is that most managers didn't go into the IT field to do management work. These managers were never properly 7 and maybe not even interested in playing such a role. 8 , engineers have a tendency to be more unsociable, which perhaps will have a negative influence on the relationship between other staff and them.While this may be good for a(n) 9 , it can be very bad for a manager with staff 10 to them.As a result,engineers 11 to managers are more likely to be bad managers. Therefore, from my point of view, young people who 12 want to become engineers really need to 13 if you'd like to be in management. The only 14 of being a manager over an engineer is the higher salary while the disadvantage is that managers will lose their 15 edge(优势). 1. A.decision B.subject C.idea D.discussion 2. A.popular B.amazing C.annoying D.disappointing 3. A.exists B.appears C.decreases D.grows 4. A.Eventually B.Successfully C.Systematically D.Temporarily 5. A.position B.research C.satisfaction D.management
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6. A.assigning 7. A.required 8. A.In fact 9. A.engineer 10.A.speaking 11.A.introduced 12.A.constantly 13.A.reconsider 14.A.condition 15.A.social

B.accomplishing B.informed B.In addition B.manager B.talking B.turned B.necessarily B.apply B.quality B.technical

C.conducting C.reminded C.In all C.employer C.reporting C.commanded C.originally C.desire C.power C.political

D.taking D.trained D.In general D.worker D.whispering D.forced D.merrily D.struggle D.advantage D.physical

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或者 括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 It’s said that a giant rock was located in the North Sea but once many boats and ships 16 (strike) it and sank. About a century years ago, a kind and imaginative minister came up with an idea to have a buoy (浮标) 17 (fasten) to the rock. On the top of the buoy 18 (place) a bell, 19 would ring whenever any ships got closer. When hearing the bell ringing, sailors knew where the rock was and stayed safe. One day, a sea robber Rover happened to sail not far away from the rock. Seeing 20 buoy floating in the water,he decided to play a trick.Soon his crew broke the chain that held the buoy, let the bell go into the water and then sailed away.In the following weeks,they robbed many 21 ships around the seas and filled the ship with a great 22 ( vary) of treasures.Unfortunately, when returning,they themselves had no idea how to get away from the terrible rock 23 the ring.The ship was moving swiftly in the dark 24 there was a great crash. 25 was the very rock and the ship began to sink.

第二部分

阅读(共两节,满分 50 分)

第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、c 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A It was Thanksgiving morning.1 was busy preparing the traditional Thanksgiving turkey when the doorbell rang.I opened the front door and saw two small children in rags huddling together on the top step. “Any old papers,lady?”asked one of them. I was busy. 1 wanted to say “no” until I looked down at their feet. They were wearing thin little sandals (凉鞋),wet with heavy snow. “Come in and I ? I make you a cup of hot cocoa. ” They walked over and sat down at the table. Their wet sandals left marks upon the floor. I served them cocoa and bread to fight against the cold outside.Then I went back to the kitchen and started cooking.
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The silence in the front room struck me. I looked in. The girl held the empty cup in her hands, looking at it.The boy asked in a flat voice. “Lady, are you rich? ” “Am I rich? Pity, not!” I looked at my worn—out slipcovers (椅套).The girl put her cup back in its saucer (茶碟) carefully and said, “Your cups match your saucers. ” They left after that, holding their papers against the wind. They had reminded me that I had so much for which to be grateful. Plain blue china cups and saucers were only worth five pence.But they matched. I tasted the potatoes and stirred(搅动)the meat soup.Potatoes and brown meat soup, a roof over our heads,my man with a regular{ob,these matched,too. I moved the chairs back from the fire and cleaned the living room.The muddy marks of little sandals were still wet upon my floor.Let them be for a while,I thought,just in case I should begin to forget how rich I am. 26.The writer let the two children come in and served them well because __________. A.she wanted to sell old papers to them B.she wanted to invite them to her Thanksgiving party C.she showed great pity and care on them D.she wanted them to help her prepare turkey 27.The writer had thought she wasn't rich because________. A.she ate potatoes and meat soup B.her family life supplies were not expensive. C.her cups and saucers were only worth 5 pence D.her husband had a regular job 28.The writer left the muddy marks of little sandals on the floor for a while to __________. A.show that she was a kind-hearted 1ady B.remind her that she shouldn’t forget how rich she was C.1eave room for readers to think about what being rich is D.prove that she was grateful to what she had owned 29.Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A.Lady, Are you Rich? B.Child,Do you Like Thanksgiving Day? C.Don’t Forget How Rich you Are! D.How Cups and Saucers Match 1 30.Which word best describes the writer? A.Sympathetic B.Selfless C.Strong-minded D.Generous B Lord Byron is one of the most excellent representatives of English Romanticism (浪漫主义) and one of the most influential poets of the time,His best known works are Childe Harolds Pilgrimage and Don Juan. Byron’s fame lies not only in his writings,but also in his life.He was described by Lady Caroline Lamb as“mad,bad,and dangerous to know” . Born on January22, 1788, Byron spent his early years in Aberdeen, and was educated at Harrow School
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and Cambridge University. In 1809, he left for a two-year tour of a number of Mediterranean countries. He returned to England in 1 811,and in 1812 the first two cantos (篇)of Childe Harolds Pilffrimoge were published.Byron became famous overnight. In 1 8 1 5. Byron married Annabella Milbanke, with whom he had a daughter. The couple separated in 1816. Facing the pressure of his failed marriage and huge debts, Byron left England in April 1816 and never returned.He spent the summer of l 8 1 6 at Lake Geneva with Percy Bysshe Shelley. Byron traveled to Italy, where he was to 1ive for more than six),ears.It was in this period that Byron wrote some of his most famous works,including Don Juan.On April 19,1824,he died from fever at Missolonghi in Greece.His death was mourned throughout Britain.His body was brought back to England and buried at his hometown in Nottinghamshire. Byron influenced many authors and artists of the Romantic Movement during the 19th century. 31.What did the author intended to tell us in the second paragraph? A.Byron was mentally ill. B.Byron was famous for his writings. C.Lady Caroline Lamb was lying D.Byron had terrible private life. 32.Byron wrote some of his most famous works in _____________. A.Aberdeen B. Italy C.England D.Greece 33.Which of the following statements is true? A.Byron became famous when he was 24 years old. B.Byron lived in Italy for less than 6 years. C.Byron left his mother country to seek for inspiration. D.Byron spent most of his childhood abroad. 34.The passage is mainly about _____________. A. Byron’s achievements in poets B.Byron’s influence on English Romanticism C.Byron’s life story and his works D.Byron’s life in foreign countries 35.We can infer from the passage that _____________. A.Byron was the most famous influential poet in his time B.The English people loved Byron very much C.Byron lived a poor life during his childhood D.Byron suffered from huge debts after he got married C Fall is a time when career regrets become stronger than during the relaxing summer months.New jobs appear on job boards,and many colleagues and friends move on to new careers or go off to graduate sch001. If you aren’t moving with them, you can become vulnerable (脆弱的) to “should have” thinking. The“should haves”are hard to turn off. “I should have gotten that promotion” “I should have never chosen Public Relations.” These “should haves” eat at you, particularly if you are comparing your careers to the careers of others. Thinking a lot about what you should have done is especially destructive because it carries a feeling of futility(徒劳). Once that happens, anger and hate build up, and you quit trying. This is painfully obvious to others — you won’t get the best assignments and honestly , people avoid those who have bad attitudes.Instead of being upset about the negative,you have to change your thinking altogether. The right approach is to replace the“should haves’ ’with“what ifs” .Evelyn’s family persuaded her
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to go into accounting(会计),but after five miserable years at a financial services firm she still regretted not following her passion into music.She believed it was“too late to change now” .and“I’d never be able to support myself. ” But when she started thinking about “what ifs’’ instead of “should haves”. Evelyn’s attitude changed. She asked, “What if 1 work in an environment where there are lots of musicians and music?” The “what ifs” lead her to target accounting jobs in music departments of universities or in other music organizations.While she was looking,she volunteered to help a local music school Push out its books on Quick Books.When she mentioned her interest in a career change to some people on the board of the music school, they helped her get started networking in the music world. Now she is the financial administrator of a large music festival,where she gets flee music lessons with the performers. If career regrets attack you this tall,get a few friends together,gain a little knowledge of yourself and try asking a different question:What if? 36.Which of the following is true? A,Many people are strongl5’influenced by“should haves” . B.Many colleagues left school because of the“should haves” . C.Workers should change their thinking to rid of bad moods. D.It’s easy to change the“should haves”thinking of workers. 37.The“should haves”can bring the effects EXCEPT A.leaving school. B.worse assignments C。bad attitudes D.a sense of uselessness 38.Evelyn’s attitude changes from ____________. A.being discouraged to being aggressive B.being unconfident to being positive C.being powerless to being regretful. D.being disappointed to being optimistic 39.It can NOT be inferred from Paragraph 4&5 that ___________. A.Evelyn became the administrator about music directly B.Evelyn still loved music after five miserable years. C.Evelyn was happy to work as an administrator about music D.Evelyn achieved success due to the thinking of“what ifs” 40.The main purpose of this passage is to ____________. A.warn people to be careful of“should haves” B . describe the need to change one ’ s perspective C.provide people with suggestions on careers D . make people change attitude when necessary. D In China,as in many countries,the north—south divide runs deep.People from the north are seen as hale and hearty, while southerners are often portrayed as cunning,cultured traders.Northerners are taller than southerners. The north eat noodles, while the south eat rice ——and according to new research, when it comes to personality, that difference has meant everything. A study published Friday by a group of psychologists in the journal Science finds that China's noodle。 slurping northerners are more individualistic, show more “analytic thought” and divorce more frequently. By contrast,the authors write,rice-eating southerners show more hallmarks traditionally associated with East Asian culture.including more“holistic thought” and lower divorce rates.
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The reason? Cultivating rice, the authors say, is a lot harder. Picture a rice paddy. its delicate seedlings tucked in a bed of water.They require careful tending and many hours of labor——by some estimates, twice as much as wheat--一 as well as reliance on irrigation systems that require neighborly cooperation. As the authors write,for southerners growing rice. “strict self-reliance might have meant starvation. ” Growing wheat,by contrast,the north’s staple grain,is much simpler.One Chinese farming guide from the 1600s quoted in the study advised aspiring farmers that “if one is short of labor power, it is best to grow wheat. ” To produce their findings,the authors evaluated the attitudes of 1,162 Han Chinese students in Beijing and Liaoning in the north and in Fujian, Guangdong, Yunnan and Sichuan in the south. To control for other factors that distinguish the north and south--such as climate , dialect and contact with herding cultures——the authors also analyzed differences between various neighboring counties in five central provinces along China's rice.wheat border. According to the authors,the influence of rice cultivation can help explain East Asia's“strangely persistent interdependence . ” For example , they say South Korea and Japan have remained less individualistic than Western countries,even as they’ve grown more wealthy. 41.What does“that difference”in Paragraph 1 refer to? A.The north-south divide. B.The north show warm heartfelt and friendliness while the south practicality and cleverness C.The north eat noodles while the south eat rice. D.Northerners and southerners. 42.Which of the following is Not true according to Paragraph 2? A.In China,the northerners mainly live on noodles traditionally. B.Divorce rates have nothing to do with individualistic culture. C.Analytic thought is more typical of the northern culture. D.Holistic thought is connected with rice—eating culture. 43.How does the author show the reasons for the difference in north—south personalities? A.By explaining. B.By giving examples. C.By reasoning.D.By making comparison. 44.We can infer from the passage that ____________. A.the north are more selfish and have higher divorce rates B.it is a better choice for IIS to be a southerner in China C.the southerners are more easy—going and cooperative D.growing wheat is easier than growing rice in a way 45.What is the best title of the passage? A.Cultures and Personality. B.Wheat and Rice:How China’S Farming Culture Shapes Personalities C.Noodles Eaters and Rice Eaters:What are the Differences? D.Analytic Thought and Holistic Thought 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。 首先请阅读下列一个外国房屋网站的几个服务栏目:
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A

B

C

Renting & Sharing Your guide to renting and sharing accommodation D E

Suburb Data & Trends Get the latest property data and trends for your suburb. F

Find a Home Loan Visit to compare hundreds of home loan products.

Thinking about Selling? Get a free, no-obligation market estimate from a qualified local agent.

Your Digital Home! Learn more about: Create a Media Closet Easy Wireless Setup...

Overseas Property Property for sale all over the world, including Asia, Europe...

下面是这些服务的内容简介,请把它们对应的栏目找出来: 46. Since many items like economics, market conditions, interest rates, supply and demand, and your financial situation influence the sale of a home, this section gives you some insights into the factors that affect a selling decision. You will also find information on determining the best price, selling a home yourself and avoiding common seller errors. 47. We offer affordable and flexible housing loan choices that can turn your dream of owning a home into reality. If rising real estate prices have pushed the house you like beyond your budget, the home loans will put it within reach. You can compare all the attractive interest rates and minimal processing fees loans here and get your first choice. 48. Sharing a house or apartment with other students or local residents is a popular option for many students. Students and local residents advertise vacant rooms and properties are all on our database. Rooms may become vacant at any time during the year. If you find accommodation that seems to suit you, be sure to visit our guide and make your wise decision. 49. Find your perfect property overseas on our website. We've got thousands of properties for sale all over the world including many of the most popular destinations. Our overseas property search portal has been helping UK & international real estate agents, developers, investors and private owners to buy houses in all the continents. 50. If you are thinking of buying or selling in your suburb, or just wanting to understand how the real estate market is tracking, this informative page offers latest valuable information. Included is the median house and median unit price, a snapshot of how many listings there are on our site, as well as how many people are searching for property in your community.

第三部分

写作(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 学生会将举办一次以“校园生活创意无限”(Innovation on Campus)为主题的创意作品展评活动。 请根据以下内容,以短文形式用英语写一份书面通知。 【写作内容】
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活动目的:丰富学生课余生活,提供展示才能机会 作品要求:与校园生活有关,学生自己的作品 附作品创意说明(创意来源和使用材料) 展评日寸间:5 月 3 日到 9 日 展评地点:体育馆 活动评奖:前 10 名可获奖 请大家踊跃参加,如有疑问,请致电李华,电话号码:88235791

【写作要求】 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯: 参考词汇:创意 innovation Notice

Come on, everybody! It's your show time. Student Union 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题;满分 25 分 阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 I felt nervous when reading the email that I was being asked to do a live broadcast to over 8,000 workers. As a complete shy person, I had a lifelong fear of the camera and-public speaking. I knew I had to say yes. First, I could not disappoint my manager; she is an outstanding woman who has done more to support me than anyone else in my entire career. Additionally, I believed I was the very person for the job. Months of discussions with our workers helped me to understand how to contact them and how we could help. Finally, during my whole life, my fears had stopped me from making decisions. In order to accomplish the challenging job, I searched for useful information about what to speak and turned to others for help as to how to speak in public with no fear. Most importantly, I found every chance to speak bravely so as to build up my confidence. In the end, I felt proud to have really made it. To this day, when I am out in the street, I am greeted by people whom I have never met telling me how much they enjoyed my speech. To this day, it still means a lot to my career and future. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词谈谈你对“如何面对困难”的想法,内容包括: (1) 读完这篇文章后你的感悟, (2) 列举自己或他人的一次面对困难的经历, (3) 谈谈当面对困难时,你认为我们该怎么做。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的
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句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

2015 年汕头市普通高考第一次模拟考试英语试题
第 9 页 共 10 页

参考答案
完形填空 1—5 CBDAD 6--10 ADBAC 11--15 BCADB 语法填空 16. struck 17. fastened 18. was placed 19. which 23. without 24. when 25.It 阅读

20. the

21. other 22 variety

26—30 CBBAA 31—35 DBACB 36—40 CABAD 41—45

CBDDB

信息匹配
46. D 47. C 基础写作 48. A 49. F 50. B Notice . In order to enrich your life after school and provide you with a chance to show your talents, we have decided to hold an exciting event “Innovations on Campus”. Note that your works must be school things and created by yourselves. Along with your wonderful works, you need to hand in a report, explaining how the idea occurs to you and what materials you use. All the collections will be on show from May 3 to 9 in the gym, the top 10 of which will be awarded. So don't miss the chance of being the winner and for any questions, call Li Hua at 88235791. Come on, everybody! It's your show time. Student Union 读写任务 When Faced with Difficulties When asked to speak in public, the author felt nervous at first but decided to accept it for various reasons. He did all he could to practice speaking loudly and finally succeeded, which affects his life. After reading the passage, I can’t help admiring the author for his great courage . Had he chosen to refuse to speak in public, he could never have dared to express himself before the others. On our life journey ,it’s out of the question for us to keep ourselves free from difficulties and troubles. What matters much is to accept them and then do everything in our power to find an effective solution. The inspiring story above reminds me of my best friend Tom . Tom was always suffering from poor English . In order to change such a tough situation, he spent time and energy on English learning, remembering new words, reading passages, doing English exercises. Little by little, his great efforts paid off. Not only has he made amazing progress but he has also found much pleasure from learning English. As senior 3 students, we naturally meet with problems and difficulties of different kinds in learning. In most cases, I prefer to deal with them independently, which is always painful but usually worthwhile especially when I find the solutions to them with my own efforts. If necessary, I will turn to my classmates and even the teachers for help. In short, in the face of difficulties, we are supposed to face up to them and more importantly thrive to conquer them. 欢迎访问“高中试卷网”——http://sj.fjjy.org
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