2015 基础百题 15 练（ Test 1）
一、单项选择 1--- I guess I must leave now. See you tomorrow. --- ___________, I have some important information for you. A. Hang on B. Carry on C. Keep on D. Wait on 2
All of us have read thrilling stories in which the hero had only a limited time to live. Such stories set us ________, _______ what we should do under similar circumstances. A. thinking; wondering B. to think; wondering; C. thinking; to wonder D. to think; to wonder 3 ---As a teenager, our son should have two or three hobbies to be really happy. ---___________, but how can he afford the time with so much homework every day? A. So does he B. So he does C. So should he D. So he should 4 To many basket ball fans, nobody but Kobe Bryant and Lebron James _____ the best in NBA although Kevin Durant, together with Jeremy Lin and many other players, _____ also performing very well. A. is; is B. is; are C. are; is D. are; are 5 As expected, the boy who shows great _____ in playing badminton has been admitted to the sport university for his talent. A. requirement B. respect C. addiction D. promise 6 It‘s true that we don‘t know what we‘ve got until we lose it, but it‘s also true that we don‘t know what we __________ until it arrives. A. had missed B. missed C. have been missing D. will have missed 7 ---How do you understand that education is not an end, but a(n) _________ an end, professor? ---We do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them but for fitting them for life. A. error to B. means to C. answer for D. reason for 8. —Could you tell me something about the virus, Dr Smith? —Sure. It via the bloodstream and causes ill health in a variety of organs. A. concentrates B. circulates C. accumulates D. accelerates 9. by flowers and applauses does not necessarily mean one is living a happy life. A. Accompanied B. Having accompanied C. To be accompanied D. Being accompanied 10. Do you know in what circumstances it was Jack achieved his goal? A. that B. how C. where D. when 11. —Isn‘t it time you went to bed, Mike? —I painting all afternoon, so I have to finish my homework now. A. was practicing B. have practiced C. have been practicing D. had practiced 12. I was only joking when I said Tom was silly; who he took it seriously? A. thought B. had thought C. would think D. would have thought 13. —Why have they been working on the project for so long? — safety. Nothing is as important as that, you know? A. On the point of B. At the mercy of C. For the sake of D. In the presence of 14. Only the opening ceremony of the Poetry Club. The majority of the students were having a class then. A. a few people attended B. did a few people attend C. attended a few people D. a few people were attended 15. —I have splitting headache, too. —Yeah, you‘re definitely coming down with flu. A. a; a B. the; / C. a; the D. the; a 二、完形填空 Have you ever wondered what our future is like? Practically all people _1_ a desire to predict their future _2_.Most people seem inclined to _3_ this task using causal reasoning. First we _4_ recognize that future circumstances are _5_ caused or conditioned by present ones. We learn that getting an education will_6_ how much money we earn later and that swimming beyond the reef may bring an unhappy _7_with a shark. Second, people also learn that such _8_ of cause and effect are probabilistic in nature. That is, the effects occur more often when the causes occur than when the causes are _9_, but not always. Thus, students learn that studying hard _10_ good grades in most instances, but not every time. Science makes these concepts of causality and probability more _11_ and provides techniques for dealing _12_ then more accurately than does causal human inquiry. In looking at ordinary human inquiry, we need to _13_ between prediction and understanding. Often, even if we don't understand why, we are
willing to act _14_ the basis of a demonstrated predictive ability. Whatever the primitive drives _15_motivate human beings, satisfying them depends heavily on the ability to_16_future circumstances.The attempt to predict is often played in a _17_ of knowledge and understanding. If you can understand why certain regular patterns _18_,you can predict better than if you simply observe those patterns. Thus, human inquiry aims_19_ answering both "what" and "why" question, and we pursue these _20_ by observing and figuring out. 1. A.exhibit B.exaggerate C.examine D.exceed 2. A.contexts B.circumstances C.inspections D.intuitions 3.A.underestimate B.undermine C.undertake D.undergo 4. A.specially B.particularly C.always D.generally 5. A.somehow B.somebody C.someone D.something 6. A.enact B.affect C.reflect D.inflect 7. A.meeting B.occurrence C.encounter D.contact 8. A.patterns B.designs C.arrangements D.pictures 9. A.disappointed B.absent C.inadequate D.absolute 10.A.creates B.produces C.loses D.protects 11.A.obscure B.indistinct C.explicit D.explosive 12.A.for B.at C.in D.with 13.A.distinguish B.distinct C.distort D.distract 14.A.at B.on C.to D.under 15.A.why B.how C.that D.where 16.A.predict B.produce C.pretend D.precede 17.A.content B.contact C.contest D.context 18.A.happen B.occur C.occupy D.incur 19.A.at B.on C.to D.beyond 20.A.purposes B.ambitions C.drives D.goals 三、阅读理解 A Monday: Here I am, in the middle of nowhere. This camping trip idea is not getting off to a very good start. It's raining and the tent leaks. The hiking seemed to take forever, and I still can't understand how it could all have been up hill! How did I ever let my brother talk me into this? When we get home—if we ever get home—he's going to have to do something great to get back on my good side．Maybe he should sponsor a shopping spree ( 狂购)at the mall! Tuesday: Things are looking up. The sun came out today, so we were able to leave the tents and dry out. We're camped at the edge of a small lake that I couldn't see before because of the rain and fog. The mountains are all around us, and the forest is absolutely beautiful. We spent most of the day dragging out everything out of our backpacks or tents and putting it where the sun could dry it out. Later in the afternoon we tried to catch the fish for dinner, but the fish were smarter than we were ．At night we built a fire and sang songs happily. Wednesday: We hiked to the far side of the lake and climbed to the top of a small peak. From there we could see how high the other mountains were and how far the forest spread around us. On the way up we passed through a snowfield! Thursday: I caught my first fish! We followed the stream that fed the lake. After about two miles, we came to a section that Carol said looked "fishy". She had a pack rod ( 竿) , which can be carried in a backpack. I asked to cast it, and I caught a fish on my first try. Carol caught a few more. But they were just too pretty to eat for lunch, so we put them back in the stream. Friday: I can't believe we are going home already. It will be nice to get a hot shower, sleep in a real bed, and eat junk food, but the trip has been wonderful. We're already talking about another camping adventure next year where we canoe down a river. It's hard to believe, but I think this city girl has a little country blood in her veins. 1. The writer went on this camping trip because ___ . A. she enjoyed camping B. she wanted to go fishing C. she was influenced by her brother D. she was tired of staying home 2. The whole morning of Tuesday, the writer ___ __. A. hiked along the lake B. dried out her belongings C. climbed the mountain D. caught the fish for dinner 3. It is likely that the writer will ______.
B. invite Carol to go fishing together D. convince her brother to go camping B An idea came to me, and I turned off the lights in the studio ． In the darkness, I took off my shirt and took up the cello( 大提琴); it was the first time in my life I'd felt the instrument against my bare chest. I' d never thought about that; music scholars always talk about the resonating properties( 共振)of various instruments, but surely the performer's own body must have some effect on the sound. As I dug into the notes I imagined that my own chest and lungs were extensions of the sound box; I seemed to be able to change the sound by the way I sat, and by varying the muscular tightness in my upper body. After improvising for a while, I started playing, still in the darkness. I heard the music through my skin. For the first time I didn't think about how it would sound to anyone else, and slowly, joyfully, gratefully, I started to hear again. The notes sang out, first like a trickle, then like a fountain of cool water bubbling up from a hole in the middle of a desert. After an hour or so I looked up, and in the darkness saw the outline of the cat sitting on the floor in front of me, cleaning her paws and purring loudly, I had an audience again, humble as it was. So that's what I do now with my cello. At least once a day I find time to tune it, close my eyes and listen. It's probably not going to lead to the kind of comeback I'd be thirsty for —years of playing badly have left scars on my technique—but I might eventually try giving a concert if I feel up to it. Occasionally I feel a stab of longing, and I wish I could give just one more concert on a great stage before my lights blink off, but that longing passes more quickly now. I take comfort in the fact that, unlike the way I felt before, I can enjoy playing for myself now. I feel relaxed and expans ive when I play, as if I could stretch out my arms and reach from one end of the apartment to the other. A feeling of completeness and dignity surrounds me and lifts me up. 4. The writer put the cello against his bare chest to ______. A. test music scholars' ideas about the resonating properties B. experience the effect of his body on the musical sound C. reduce his muscular tightness in his upper body D. check the function of the sound box 5. In Paragraph 2, the writer intends to ______. A. explain his feelings of playing before a cat B. identify specific pieces of music he played C. express his feelings of playing against his body D. describe the sound when he played against his body 6. From the last paragraph we can infer that the writer was ______. A. optimistic B. discouraged C. nervous D. enthusiastic 7. The passage is mainly about ______. A. a musician playing the cello for an audience B. a musician's feelings when playing the cello C. a musician finding joy in playing music in a new way D. a musician's desire to return to his former profession 四、任务型阅读 Drinking more than three glasses of milk a day may not protect bones against breaking, and may even lead to higher rates of death, say researchers. A new study suggests certain types of sugars found in milk may increase inflammation and oxidative stress, which can damage body cells. But Swedish researchers said their study could not prove ―cause and effect‖ and much more research was needed before anyone would be advised to limit their milk consumption. Milk is recommended for cutting the risk of fractures because it contains calcium and vitamin D, which are vital for bone strength. However, there have been conflicting results from studies into the health benefits of milk in recent decades, with some showing it prevents heart attacks and strokes and others the opposite. Professor Karl Michaelsson, Sweden, led a team to investigate whether the mechanism for potential harm was consumption of the sugars lactose and galactose found in high levels in milk, compared with much lower levels in other dairy products. In animal studies, they have been linked to cell damage, impaired immunity and premature ageing. Two large groups of 61,433 women and 45,339 men in Sweden completed food frequency questionnaires for 96 common foods including milk, yoghurt and cheese. Women were tracked for an average of 20 years, during which time 15,541 died and 17,252 had a
A. go on another camping trip C. make her brother buy her something
fracture, of whom 4,259 had a hip fracture. In women, drinking more milk did not cut the risk of broken bones, says the study published in The BMJ. Women who drank less than three glasses of milk a day---on average 680ml--- had almost double the risk of death than women who drank less than one glass of milk a day, around 60ml. Men were tracked for an average of 11 years, during which time 10,112 died and 5,066 had a fracture, with 1,166 hip fracture cases. Men who drank more milk also had a higher risk of death, although much lower than in women. Tests on blood and urine found higher milk intake was linked to biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation. In contrast, eating more dairy products such as yoghurt and cheese --- with a low lactose content--- led to lower death rates and fewer fractures, in women in particular. Professor Michaelsson said the study design meant lactose and galactose could not be necessarily implicated( 牵涉) and the results ―should be interpreted cautiously‖. He said independent replication was needed before the findings ―can be used for dietary recommendations ‖. Prof Sue, Head of the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Surrey, said the study had limitations, such as weak methods to assess lifestyle habits including bodyweight. She said: Also key is that all milk in Sweden is fortified（添加） with vitamin A. This may well be an important confounding factor. Milk and dairy products in the UK provide 50-60 percent of the calcium in our diet. We know that low calcium intakes is a risk factor for osteoporosis. ―Individuals should still be encouraged to consume a balanced diet from the five key food groups of which milk and dairy are key. ‖ A New Study on Risk of Higher Milk Intake Common belief A new study Researchers‘ opinions Milk is known for 1.________ the risk of fractures because it contains calcium and vitamin D. It‘s 2. ______ that high intake of milk may not protect against broken bones and could actually increase 3. _______ of death. A ―cause and effect‖ could not be 4.__________. Prof Michaelsson: 5. _________ more milk intake may be risky, more dairy products may not, 6._______ for women. Prof Sue Lanham-New: the study has limitations and a balanced diet based on milk and dairy should still be 7._________. 8. ___________ It‘s early days yet and more work is needed before we are 9.______ to drink less milk. The good news is that yoghurt and cheese lead to 10.______ deaths and fractures. 五、词组翻译 1. 有…可用______________________ 2. 陪某人回家____________________ 3. 对…上瘾______________________ 4. 被…录取______________________ 5. 采取措施______________________ 6. 胜过，比…优越_________________ 7. 对…过敏____________________ 8. 祭祖_______________________ 9. 呼吁某人做某事______________ 10. 对某人敬而远之_______________ 11. 感到现场______________ 12. 假定_____________ 13. 轻松地氛围_________ 14. 重视________________ 15. 取得突破____________
2015 基础百题 15 练（ Test 1）
一、单项填空 1. Since the recent river pollution in Shanxi Province, people more and more attention to the water quality. A. pay B. are paying C. have paid D. have been paying 2. Members of the media to cover Royal events or stories should make themselves familiar with the guidance provided in this section. A. seek B. sought C. seeking D. to seek 3. If I would have listened to those people who told me I couldn‘t do it then, today _ just be Saturday. A. will B. shall C. would D. should 4. Lewin was interested in taking research beyond books and looking at how it could real social change. A. bring up B. bring about C. bring in D. bring out 5. — Well Toby, I remember that you had a very…how should I say … relaxed attitude toward work at the bookstore. — ! I was a model worker! A. No way B. No doubt C. No wonder D. No problem 6. If you want to try out some new learning methods, you‘d better select those that are most for your own style. A. appropriate B. apparent C. arbitrary D. adequate 7. — Carla go to that historical museum after school when she was a teenager. — No wonder she is so familiar with it. A. could B. should C. might D. would 8. Many approaches have been to control the spread of N7 N9 Bird Flu. A. adapted B. employed C. negotiated D. accessed 9. Life isn‘t meant to be easy and you have to some pain to learn the skills to move forward. A. get across B. go over C. get into D. go through 10. The sleeping baby would be scared a sudden loud noise. A. was there B. there was C. should there be D. there should be 11. Almost 90% of the most popular video games contain violence, and of it is extremely violent. A. nothing B. much C. none D. many 12. In the year 2012, the African-American tech workforce reduced from 2.8 percent to 2.3 percent, while Asian tech employment saw a small decrease from 4.6 percent to 4.2 percent. A. differently B. slightly C. narrowly D. similarly 13. Israel was created as a homeland for homeless Jews after World War Ⅱ. However, the creation of Israel in used to be Palestine left many Palestinians homeless. A. what B. which C. where D. that 14. We should realize the fact that when you graduate from university, you are still not prepared for the possible situations we many face in the working world. A. where B. when C. that D. what 15. People love the convenience of bottled water, but if they the problem it causes, they try carrying water in a reusable steel container instead of plastic. A. realized; will B. had realized; will C. realized; would D. have realized; would 二、完型填空 A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so-called digital divide--the division of the world into the info(information) rich and the info poor. And that__1__ does exist today. My wife and I lectured about this looming danger twenty years ago. What was less__2__ then, however, were the new, positive __3__that work against the digital divide. __4__,there are reasons to be __5__. There are technological reasons to hope the digital divide will narrow. As the Internet becomes more and more __6__, it is in the interest of business to universalize access -after all, the more people online, the more potential __7__ there are. More and more __8__, afraid their countries will be left __9__, want to spread Internet access. Within the next decade or two, one to two billion people on the
planet will be __10__ together. As a result, I now believe the digital divide will__11__ rather than widen in the years ahead. And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for __12__ world poverty that we've ever had. Of course, the use of the Internet isn't the only way to __13__ poverty. And the Internet is not the only tool we have. But it has __14__ potential. To __15__ advantage of this tool, some poor countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices __16__ respect to foreign investment. Countries that still think foreign investment is a/an __17__ of their sovereignty might well study the history of __18__ (the basic structural foundations of a society) in the United States. When the United States built its industrial infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so. And that is __19__ America's Second Waveinfrastructure-__20__ roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on-were built with foreign investment. 1. A. divide B. information C. world D.lecture 2. A. obscure B. visible C. invisible D.indistinct 3. A. forces B. obstacles C. events D.surprises 4. A. Seriously B. Entirely C. Actually D.Continuously 5. A. negative B. optimistic C. pleasant D.disappointed 6. A. developed B. centralized C. realized D.commercialized 7. A. users B. producers C. customers D.citizens 8. A. enterprises B. governments C. officials D.customers 9. A. away B. for C. aside D.behind 10. A. netted B. worked C. put D.organized 11. A. decrease B. narrow C. neglect D.low 12. A. containing B. preventing C. keeping D.combating 13. A. win B. detail C. defeat D.fear 14. A. enormous B. countless C. numerical D.big 15. A. bring B. keep C. hold D.take 16. A. at B. with C. of D.for 17. A. offence B. investment C. invasion D.insult 18. A. construction B. facility C. infrastructure D.institution 19. A. why B. where C. when D.how 20. A. concerning B. concluding C. according D.including 三、阅读理解 A Getting your teen to think beyond his own immediate needs can be more difficult than cracking a nut with a plastic fork. But don't worry. It's not impossible. There are many ways to encourage your teen to care about those outside his immediate circle of friends. As he begins to have responsibility towards others, he will realize he feels even better about himself. "Teens are thinking about career, college, and what their future might look like," explains Michelle Maidenberg, a clinical director of Westchester Group Works, a center for group treatment in New York. "This is very challenging and just one of the reasons why they are so focused on their own world." Once teens participate in community service, however, they begin to look beyond their personal needs. They also learn firsthand about the challenges others face, and they experience a sense of authority as they realize they can make a real difference in others' lives. Not sure how to convince a teen to get away from the cell phone and into a community project? Teens buy into community service when the project or program is in an area of their interest. "Finding something in an area of interest for them keeps them motivated and inspired," Maidenberg says. For instance, if he is interested in culinary( 烹饪) school, he could volunteer in a soup kitchen or bake for a project that supports families in need. V olunteer projects in your teen's area of interest will build her knowledge base as well as help others. Parents can do their part by participating in community service themselves. Teens can learn directly from their parents that personal enjoyment is not, all that matters. Let teens know the benefits they will obtain. ―Give them every reason in the world to volunteer," Maidenberg advises. She says that working on community service projects builds confidence. "By working with others, teens improve managerial, interpersonal and communication skills. Community
service helps to approach maturity when they take a step back to see the needs of other people," she adds. Another reward: service hours look great on a resume! 1. According to Michelle Maidenberg, it's hard to get teens to think beyond their own immediate needs partly because ______. A. they care more about their circle of friends B. they have no interest in doing anything C. they have to work hard for college D. they are facing many challenges 2. The underlined phrase "buy into" in Paragraph 3 probably means ______. A. agree to join in B. spend money on C. get away from D. are interested in 3. The writer mentions the benefits in the last paragraph in order to ______. A. make teens feel much better about themselves B. encourage teens to care about his own needs C. help parents reason teens into volunteering D. get parents to do more community service B Do you want to love what you do for a living? Follow your passion. This piece of advice provides the foundation for modern thinking on career satisfaction. But this can be a problem. I've spent the past several years researching and writing about the different strategies we use to seek happiness in our work. It became clear early in the process that the suggestion to “follow your passion” was flawed ( 有缺陷), for it lacks scientific evidence. However, it doesn't mean you should abandon the goal of feeling passionate about your work. The reality emphasizes that things are quite complicated. Passion is earned. Different people are looking for different things in their work, but generally, people with satisfying careers enjoy some combination of the following features: autonomy ， respect, competence, creativity, and a sense of impact. In other words ，if you want to feel passionate about your livelihood，don't seek the perfect job，but seek to get more of these features in the job you already have. Passion is elusive ( 难捉摸的). Many people develop the rare and valuable skills leading to passion, but still end up unhappy in their work. The problem is that the features leading you to love your work are more likely to be useful to you than your organization. As you become increasingly “valuable” ，for example, your boss might push you toward traditional promotions that come with more pay and more responsibility, as this is what is most useful to your company. However, you might find more passion by applying your value to gain autonomy in your schedule or project selection. Passion is dangerous. I've watched too many of my peers fall into anxiety and chronic( 慢性的) job-hopping (跳槽) due to the “follow your passion” advice. The issue is expectations. If you believe we all have a pre-existing passion, and that matching it to a job will lead to instant workplace happiness, reality will always pale in comparison. Work is hard. Not every day is fun. If you're seeking a dream job, you'll end up frustrated, again and again. Don't set out to discover passion. Instead, set out to develop it. This path might be longer and more complicated than what most cheerful career guides might advocate, but it's a path much more likely to lead you somewhere worth going. 4. People satisfied with their careers are _______. A．autonomous and passionate B．creative and passionate C．respectable and sensitive D．creative and competent 5. What is the author's advice on achieving career satisfaction? A． Figuring out early what one will do in the future. B． Matching the pre-existing passion to one's work. C． Developing passion for what one is doing. D． Discovering skills that lead to interesting careers. 6. The underlined sentence in Para. 5 probably means that _______. A． it is not easy to match our passion with our jobs B．we shouldn't think everyone has a pre-existing passion C．workplace happiness does not require a pre-existing passion D．high expectations of passion in jobs bring disappointment 7. What's the author's attitude towards the advice of ―following your passion‖? A. Disapproving. B．Supportive. C．Cautious. D．Unclear. 四、任务型阅读 Medical workers are under excessive workloads, leading to high levels of stress, a survey conducted by the development research center of Guangdong Provincial Government shows. More than 80 percent of medical workers in the province regularly work for seven days at a time without a break, which creates serious mental pressure, the survey found, ―I usually work the night shift
for a whole week. Sometimes I feel very tired and won‘t have any time to spend with my families,‖ Ye Hong, a 30-year-old nurse working for the No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of Zhongshan University in Guangzhou, said, ―The heavy workload sometimes drives down my spirits,‖ she told China Daily yesterday. Nearly 70 percent of medical workers do not get a full day off during the working week, according to the survey, which covered tens of thousands of medical staff in the province, ―I even worry about my physical health since the work comes with fairly serious physical risks,‖ Ye said. In addition to their heavy workloads, many medical workers said disputes between hospital and patients have also contributed to the pressure they feel, the survey found. The widespread media covering of such disputes has put much pressure on doctors. ―Most of them have to think twice before they treat a patient,‖ Xu Haiyang, a researcher from the Guangdong provincial academy of social science said. She calls for more investment in medical equipment and an increase in the number of medical staff, particularly in rural areas. ―This would help reduce the workload for medical staff,‖ Xu said. ―Most small hospital in rural areas have less than 10 doctors and their facilities need to be improved.‖ She said. She also said hospitals should organize recreational activities after work for staff members to help them relax. Current problem Medical workers are __1__ from great pressure. They work long __3__ without a break, seven days a week. Different __2__ They have no time to stay with __4__ members. The __5__ of them do not get a full day off during the whole week. Disputes also add __6__ their mental pressure. The government should __8__ more money in medical Possible __7__ equipment. More medical workers are __9__, especially in the countryside. More entertainments should be organized to make them __10__ 五、词组翻译 1. 在光天化日之下__________ 2. 迎合某人的需要____________ 3. 索赔_______________________ 4. 因为…而补偿______________ 5. 状态良好________________ 6. 问心有愧_______________ 7. 使某人信服_______________ 8. 鼓起勇气________________ 9. 发表演说________________ 10. 对某人不利________________ 11. 种族歧视______________ 12. 掉队，退学_______________ 13. 不遗余力__________________ 14. 安排娱乐活动______________ 15. 经受风吹雨打_______________
一、单项选择 1. — Believe it or not, I have met him before. — No kidding? you‘ve never mentioned it? A. What for B. How come C. How about D. What if 2. — Mr White, could you tell me whether I can be admitted to the university? — There A. could be no problem. Your score is well beyond the minimum admission limit. B. might C. shall D. should .
3. I had never had such a good opportunity in my life but somehow away
A. it went B. went it C. did it go D. it goes 4. Don‘t worry! You can easily find a job skilled workers are badly needed. A. when B. though C. unless D. where its details aimlessly this morning. 5. —Have you finished your task now? — Not yet. So much time has been wasted
A. being assessed B. to assess C. assessed D. assessing 6. During major holidays, all the highways around the country, including the airport expressways, will give free to small passenger cars. A. admission B. access C. passage D. privilege 7. Where and how they found the bats with treasures made known up to now. A. hasn‘t been B. haven‘t been C. wasn‘t 8. The task was so hard and time was so pressing for him, A. as B. which C. who D. that D. weren‘t is why he didn‘t do as well as before.
9. — Isn‘t it surprising that Tom should have got the first place in the National IT Contest? — Yes, it is. The result is really all expectations. A. within B. over C. against D. beyond 10. — Did you have butterflies in your stomach at the interview? — . That was my first job interview. B. Not really. C. You bet D. I mean it. A. It depends.
11. Work must be defined as purposeful activity rather than as activity for economic gain. A. scarcely B. rarely C. merely D. fairly 12. Statistics indicates that it well be quite some time before the global economy starts to recover. A. may B. should C. can 13. — Mr Wang is now in hospital. D. must his health. was
—Sorry to hear that. I think it‘s years of hard work and little rest that
A. ruined B. have ruined C. are ruining D. ruin 14. The company donated books and computers worth more than $5,000 to the children of evaluated as poor families.
15. The students in the school complain that just for the sake of the National Exam, on no day and hardly at any time to take a holiday. A. are they allowed B. they are allowed 二、完形填空 C. to they allow D. they allow
According to BT's futurologist, Ian Pearson, these are among the developments scheduled for the first few decades of the new millennium (a period of 1000years), when supercomputers will dramatically accelerate progress in all areas of life. Pearson has __1__ together to work of hundreds of researchers around the world to produce a __2__millennium technology calendar that gives the latest dates when we can expect hundreds of key __3__ and discoveries to take place. Some of the biggest developments will be in medicine, including an __4__ life expectancy and dozens of artificial organs __5__ into use between now and 2040. Pearson also __6__ a breakthrough in computer human links."By linking __7__ to our nervous system, computers could pick up __8__ we feel and, hopefully, simulate__9__ too so that we can start to __10__ full sensory environments, rather like the holidays in Total Recall or the Star Trek holodeck," he says. But that, Pearson points __11__, is only the start of man-machine __12__:"It will be the beginning of the long process of integration that will __13__ lead to a fully electronic human before the end of the next century."__14__ his research, Pearson is able to put dates to most of the breakthroughs that can be predicted. However, there are still no __15__ for when faster-than-light travel will be __16__, or when human cloning will be perfected, or when time travel will be possible. But he does __17__ social problems as a result of technological advances. A boom in neighborhood surveillance cameras will, for example,__18__ problems in 2010,while the arrival of synthetic __19__ robots will mean people may not be able to__20__ between their human friends and the droids. And home appliances will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of anew psychological disorder-kitchen rage. 1.A.taken B.pieced C.kept C.subtle C.events C.enlarged C.carrying C.predicts C.precisely C.what C.sight C.find C.to C.experiment C.utterly C.During C.stories
D.made D.unique D.incidents D.enriched D.coming D.designs D.automatically D.all D.feeling D.undertake D.toward D.integration D.absolutely D.By D.meetings
2.A.complicated B.delicate 3.A.breakthroughs B.findings 4.A.expanded B.extended 5.A.being 6.A.schedules 7.A.directly 8.A.that 9.A.thinking 10.A.form 11.A.out 12.A.program 13.A.finally 14.A.Through 15.A.forecasts B.becoming B.plans B.instantly B.how B.hearing B.develop B.at B.production B.ultimately B.Though B.articles
16.A.advisable 17.A.solve 18.A.confront 19.A.lovely 20.A.distinguish 三、阅读理解
B.affordable B.arose B.cause B.likely B.differ
C.available C.exercise C.witness C.lifelike C.diagnose A
D.valuable D.expect D.collect D.lively D.deviate
Learning new words is learning new ideas: High school students can take control of their learning by always looking up new words and finding out what they mean. They should keep a dictionary and a thesaurus close at hand. Make clear lists: Students should make a list of everything that they need to get done. They should check off assignments once completed. They should include clear due dates. Make a commitment: Active learners will resolve to keep up –to-date from the start. They will avoid procrastinating (delay doing something). They will complete most of their work as early as possible. Independent work is best: Students will so all assignments independently —they will never copy! Students who copy are passive learners. Passive learners do not give their mind a chance to think on its own. Organization is key: Students should keep an excellent folder and notebook. All problems should be clearly stated and solutions given. All tests and quizzes should be corrected and used as study guides for exams and finals. All actions without solutions are dead: Active learners will always show their work needed to solve a problem. Active learners will never turn in a list of answers without giving an explanation or a solution. Advanced reading: Students should do any required reading for the topic before class. They should write an outline of the section or chapter. They should actively take notes as they read to help them remember. 1. If you want to be successful in exams and finals you should . A. give your mind a chance to think on its own B. check off your papers once completed C. keep an excellent folder and notebook D. hand in your homework on time 2. If you want to be an active learner you A. shouldn‘t copy others assignments C. needn‘t correct mistakes in the tests 3. The best title of the passage is ― ‖. A. How to Be an Effective Reader . B. shouldn‘t write an outline before class D. needn‘t kept a dictionary at hand B. How to Get Good Scores in Tests
C. How to Collect Academic Information D. How to Actively Study in High School B In 1974，after filling out fifty applications ，going through four interviews ，and winning one offer ， I took what I could get—a teaching job at what I considered a distant wild area ： western New Jersey. My characteristic optimism was alive only when I reminded myself that I would be doing what I had wanted to do since I was fourteen—teaching English.
School started，but I felt more and more as if I were in a foreign country. Was this rural area really New Jersey？My students took a week off when hunting season began. I was told they were also frequently absent in late October to help their fathers make hay on the farms. I was a young woman from New York City，who thought that “Make hay while the sun shines ” just meant to have a good time. But，still，I was teaching English. I worked hard，taking time off only to eat and sleep. And then there was my sixth ?grade class —seventeen boys and five girls who were only six years younger than me. I had a problem long before I knew it .I was struggling in my work as a young idealistic teacher. I wanted to make literature come alive and to promote a love of the written word. The students wanted to throw spitballs and whisper dirty words in the back of the room. In college I had been taught that a successful educator should ignore bad behavior. So I did，confident that， as the textbook had said， the bad behavior would disappear as I gave my students positive attention. It sounds reasonable，but the text evidently ignored the fact that humans ，particularly teenagers ，rarely seem reasonable. By the time my boss ，who was also my taskmaster ，known to be the strictest ，most demanding，most quick to fire inexperienced teachers ，came into the classroom to observe me，the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise. My boss sat in the back of the room. The boys in the class were making animal noises ，hitting each other while the girls filed their nails or read magazines. I just pretended it all wasn ‘t happening， and went on lecturing and tried to ask some inspiring questions. My boss ，sitting in the back of the room ， seemed to be growing bigger and bigger. After twenty minutes he left ，silently. Vis ions of unemployment marched before my eyes. I felt mildly victorious that I got through the rest of the class without crying ， （58）but at my next free period I had to face him. I wondered if he would let me finish out the day. I walked to his office ，took a deep breath，and opened the door. He was sitting in his chair ，and he looked at me long and hard. I said nothing. All I could think of was that I was not an English teacher ；I had been lying to myself ，pretending that everything was fine. When he spoke，he said simply，without accusation， “You had nothing to say to them. ” “You had nothing to say to them ， ” he repeated. “No wonder they’ re bored. Why not get to the meat of the literature and stop talking about symbolism. Talk with them ，not at them. And more important ， why do you ignore their bad behavior?” We talked. He named my problems and offered solutions. We role?-played. He was the bad student，and I was the forceful，yet，warm，teacher. As the year progressed，we spent many hours discussing literature and ideas about human beings and their motivations. He helped me identify my weaknesses and my strengths. In short ， he made a teacher of me by teaching the reality of Emerson ’s words ： “The secr et to education lies in respecting the pupil.‖ Fifteen years later I still drive that same winding road to the same school. Thanks to the help I received that difficult first year ，the school is my home now. 4．It can be inferred from the story that in 1974 ________. A．the writer became an optimistic person B．the writer was very happy about her new job C． it was rather difficult to get a job in the USA D． it was easy to get a teaching job in New Jersey 5．According to the passage，which of the following is most probably the writer‘s problem as a new teacher?
A． She had blind trust in what she learnt at college. B． She didn‘t ask experienced teachers for advice. C．She took too much time off to eat and sleep. D．She didn‘t like teaching English literature. 6．What is the writer‘s biggest worry after her taskmaster‘s observation of her class? A．She might lose her teaching job B．She might lose her students‘ respect. C．She couldn‘t teach the same class any more. D．She couldn‘t ignore her students‘ bad behavior any more. 7．Which of the following gives the writer a sense of mild victory? A． Her talk about symbolism sounded convincing. B． Her students behaved a little better than usual. C． She managed to finish the class without crying. D ． She was invited for a talk by her boss after class. 8．The students behaved badly in the writer‘s classes because ________. A．they were eager to embarrass her B．she didn‘t really understand them C．they didn‘t regard her as a good teacher D．she didn‘t have a good command of English 9．The taskmaster‘s attitude towards the writer after his observation of her cla ss can be best described as _____. A．cruel but encouraging B．fierce but forgiving C．sincere and supportive 四、词组翻译 D．angry and aggressive
1. 赢得某人的欢心________________________________________ 2. 一线希望______________________________________________ 3. 在友好的氛围中________________________________________ 4. 对.. 怒目而视___________________________________________ 5. 有…的罪______________________________________________ 6. 与…和谐一致__________________________________________ 7. 对…不了解____________________________________________ 8. 给…留下好印象________________________________________ 9. 知识产权______________________________________________ 10. 卷入__________________________________________________ 11. 奠定基础______________________________________________ 12. 消除某人的思想负担____________________________________ 13. 大众媒体______________________________________________ 14. 受…的摆布____________________________________________ 15. 正是，就是____________________________________________ 五、书面表达 有人认为预测电脑的功能将超过人脑。请就人脑与电脑的区别写一篇作文，你可以从体积、运算 速度和结构等方面进行对比。 The Brain and the Computer _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. After being laid off, he was reduced to himself to plant vegetable on the farm. A. hiring … out B. catching … on C. splitting …off D. taking…up 2. Since three Chinese astronauts piloted Shenzhou IX to link up with Tiangong-1, China‘s exploration of A. /; a outer space has stepped into B. the; a C. a; the new era. D./; / the days when Walt Disney was a person, not D. had dated from
3. The Prince and the Frog is a fairy musical that a brand. A. was dated back to B. dates back to
C. has been dating from
4. Sometimes patients suffering from severe pain can be helped by ―drugs‖ that aren‘t really drugs at all sugar pills that contain no active chemical elements. A. or rather B. rather than C. but rather D. other than 5. Children are to meet with setbacks as they grow up, so their parents don‘t have to worry about it. A. consistent B. arbitrary C. fragile D. bound 6. More consumers are waiting for the further drop of housing prices with money in their hands_______ buying houses, according to a report. A. no better than maple leaves turn A. a; a B. little more than C. other than beautiful red. B. a; the C. 不填; a D. rather than 7. One of the treasures Canada has to offer is beautiful scenery, especially in autumn, when D. 不填；不填
8. Researchers have failed to find a way to treat such diseases, and it will still be years before they can find is effective. A. the one B. one that C. the one that D. one principles to get things done. D. compromise an agreement with a French company.
9. Though he is a considerate man, he won‘t A. correspond B. betray C. submit 10. — Has your manager returned from abroad? —Yes. He in France for two weeks,
A. has stayed; to negotiate C. stayed; negotiating 11. Perseverance is happens.
B. has stayed; negotiating D. stayed; having negotiated
it takes to do anything well. That is, we should hold on to the end whatever C. where D. that , the firefighters didn‘t withdraw. C. to be controlled D. controlling
A. what B. which 12. Hard as the fire was A. controlled
B. to control
13. —Mum, I want to change my job. You know I haven‘t achieved anything since I took it. —Really? There is not a job considered the best one! As w e all know, . A. all is well that ends well C. every profession produces its own best B. misfortune tells us what fortune is D. all that is worth doing is worth doing well .
14. — So nice to see you, Lucy! I never thought you visit us today. —Sorry, I forgot to tell you I was coming. I hope you don‘t mind me A. calling in B. pulling in C. breaking in D. dropping in 15. The real secret to successful learning lies in students A. to take 二、完形填空 B. taking C. taken D. having taken
an interest in what they are doing.
Public image refers to how a company is viewed by its customers, suppliers, and stockholders, by the financial community, by the communities 1 it operates, and by federal and local governments. Public image is controllable 2 considerable extent, just as the product, price, place, and promotional efforts are. A firm's public image plays a vital role in the 3 of the firm and its products to employees, customers, and to such outsiders 4 stockholders, suppliers, creditors, government officials, as well as5 special groups. With some things it is impossible to 6 all the diverse publics: for example, a new highly automated plant may meet the approval of creditors and stockholders, 7 it will undoubtedly find 8 from employees who see their jobs 9 .On the other hand, high quality products and service standards should bring almost complete approval, 10 low quality products and 11 claims would be widely looked down upon. A firm's public image, if it is good, should be treasured and protected. It is a valuable 12 that usually is built up over a long and satisfying relationship of a firm with publics. If a firm has learned a quality image, this is not easily 13 or imitated by competitors. Such an image may enable a firm to 14 higher prices, to win the best distributors and dealers, to attract the best employees, to expect the most 15 creditor relationships and lowest borrowing costs. It should also allow the firm's stock to comm and higher price-earnings 16 than other firms in the same industry with such a good reputation and public image. A number of factors affect the public image of a corporation. 17 include physical 18 , contacts of outsiders 19 company employees, product quality and dependability, prices 20 to competitors, customer service, the kind of advertising and the media and programs used, and the use of public relations and publicity. 1. A. which 2. A. in 3. A. attraction B. what B. within B. attachment C. where C. on C. affection
D.whom D.to D.generalization
4. A. and 5. A. converse 6. A. satisfy 7. A. so 8. A. support 9. A. ensured 10. A. because 11. A. false 12. A. fortune 13. A. countered 14. A. pay 15. A. favorite 16. A. rate 17. A. These 18. A. appliances 19. A. on 20. A. relative 三、阅读理解
B. with B. diverse B. treat B. then B. identification B. promoted B. while B. fake B. asset B. defeated B. get B. prosperous B. ratio B. They B. equipment B. with B. related
C. as C. reverse C. amuse C. thus C. compliment C. threatened C. though C. artificial C. possession C. repelled C. order C. favorable C. ration C. That C. devices C. in C. reliable A
D.for D.universe D.entertain D.but D.resistance D.unemployed D.when D.counterfeit D.property D.compelled D.charge D.prospective D.interest D.It D.facilities D.along D.reconcilable
Technology today has stolen away our voices and robbed our children of memories. I‘ve b een keeping count of how often people sing around the house these days. The fact is, they don‘t. My earliest memories are of my mother crooning lullabies( 催眠曲) in a gentle low voice as she rocked each infant in turn. She said she ―didn‘t have a singing voic e,‖ but her low, wavering alto will always mean comfort to me. Every time I have sat through the night with a feverish body or held a pre-schooler through a nightmare, the melodies returned, words appearing and disappearing like fragments of a dream but held together by the hum ( 低声吟唱)of love. Today, young mothers are routinely presented with lullaby tapes at the baby shower. When baby cries, the idea goes, they will be able to switch on the high-tech audio system and the little one will drift off with the voices of strangers in his ears, perfectly on pitch. If I had my way, new parents would learn the songs themselves, throw out their stereos, and give their child the gift of their own sleepy voices through the midnight hours. These days, when we go on a trip, my daughters take along tiny personal stereos and headphones. They are lost in their private worlds, and I can‘t help wishing that at least here, in the car my girls would be forced to listen to their mother‘s voice raised in lost -the-words again, sure I‘m out -of-tune songs that they might then pass down to another generation. Those sophisticated earphones have robbed them of something I think every kid should carry from childhood car trips into adulthood. I drove away from that party humming, and all the way home the good old songs kept tumbling out. Damn it ( 该死), I thought, why did I ever stop singing in the car and start turning on the radio instead? Why don‘t I sing any more while I‘m doing the dishes? I‘m going to yank those stereo wires right out of the wall when I get home. We‘re going to sing grace befor e meals, sing carols around the piano, sing in
the shower instead of switching on that waterproof radio that stole away our voices and our souls. 1. The author hates today‘s technology because . A. driving a car requires high concentration B. children are learning pop songs from tapes C. children have lost touch with good old songs D. high – tech systems do not record the voices of aged people 2. The underlined sentence ―the little one will drift off‖ in Paragraph 2 means that ― A. the play of the high – tech system is of little use C. the low voice will delight the baby 3. To the author, the voices of strangers A. are not familiar to the baby C. work better to stop the baby‘s cry _. B. lack the motherly love the baby needs D. surely sound more pleasant . D. the baby will slowly go to sleep ‖.
B. the high – tech system will play on and on
4. What the author wishes to make her girls do is to
A. help memorize the words while she is singing B. take off their well – designed earphones C. listen and learn the old songs from her D. remember their childhood car trips B There are still many things that Peter Cooke would like to try his hand at---- paper-making and feather-work are on his list. For the moment, though, he will stick to the skill he has been delighted to perfect over the past ten years: making delicate and unusual objects out of shells. As he leads me round his apartment showing me his work, he points to a pair of shell-covered ornaments( 装饰品) above a fireplace. ?I shan‘t be at all bothered if people don‘t buy them because I have got so used to them, and to me they‘re adorable. I never meant to sell my work commercially. Some friends came to see me about five years ago and said, ―You must have an exhibition -people ought to see these. We‘ll talk to a man who owns an art gallery‖.‘ The result was an exhibition in London, at which 70 percent of the objects were sold. His second exhibition opened at the gallery yesterday. Considering the enormous prices the pieces command-around ￡2,000 for the ornaments-an empty space above the fireplace would seem a small sacrifice for Cooke to make. ―I do wish, though,‖ says Cooke, ?that I‘d taken this up a lot earlier, because then I would have been able to produce really wonderful things-at least the potential would have been there. Although the ideas are still there and I‘m doing the best I can now, I‘m more limited physically than I was when I started. Still, the work that he has managed to produce is a long way from the common shell constructions that can be found in seaside shops. ?I have a miniature( 微型的)mind‘ he says, and this has resulted in boxes covered in thousands of tiny shells, little shaded pictures made from shells and baskets of astonishingly realistic flowers. Cooke‘s quest for beautiful, and especially tiny shells has taken him further tha n his Norfolk shore: to France, Thailand, Mexico, South Africa and the Philippines, to name but a few of the beaches where he has lain on his stomach and looked for beauties to bring home. 5. What does the reader learn about Peter Cooke in the first paragraph? A. He has produced hand-made objects in different materials. B. He hopes to work with other materials in the future. C. He has written about his love of making shell objects.
D. He was praised for his shell objects many years ago. 6. When looking round his apartment, the writer _____. A. is attracted by Cooke‘s personality B. realizes he doesn‘t like Cooke‘s work at all C. feels uncertain about giving Cooke his opinion D. senses that Cooke wants his products to be admired 7. The ?small sacrifice‘ in Paragraph 2 refers to _____. A. the loss of Cooke‘s ornaments C. the cost of keeping Cooke‘s ornaments B. the display of Cooke‘s ornaments D. the space required to store Cooke‘s ornaments
8. What does Cooke regret about his work? A. He is not as famous as he should have been. B. He makes less money than he should make. C. He is less imaginative than he used to be. D. He is not as skillful as he used to be. 四、任务型阅读 Happy Graduation, Seniors! Congratulations! What's next? Below is some sociologically-inspired, out-of-the-box advice on work, love, family, friendship, and the meaning of life. 1.Don't Worry About Making Your Dreams Come True College graduates are often told: "Follow your passion, do what you love and what you meant to do, or make your dreams come true.‖ Two -thirds think they're going to find a job that allows them to change the world, half within five years.Yikes. This sets young people up to fail. The truth is that most of us will not be employed in a job that is both our lifelong passion and a world-changer; that's just not the way our global economy is. So it's OK to set your sights just a tad below occupational ecstasy. Just find a job that you like. Use that job to help you have a full life with lots of good things and pleasure and helping others and stuff. A great life is pretty good, even if it's not perfect. 2.Make Friends Americans emphasize finding Mr. or Ms. Right and getting married. We think this will bring us happiness. In fact, however, both psychological well-being and health are more strongly related to friendship. If you have good friends, you'll be less likely to get the common cold, less likely to die from cancer, recover better from the loss of a spouse, and keep your mental acuity as you age. You'll also be able to face life's challenges, be less likely to feel depressed, and be happier in old age. Having happy friends increases your chance of being happy as much as an extra $ 145 ,500 a year does. So, make friend. 3.Don't Worry About Being Single Single people, especially women, are stigmatized in our society: we're all familiar with the image of a sad, lonely woman eating ice cream with her cats in her pajamas on Saturday night. But about 45% of U. S. adults aren't married and around 1 in 7 lives alone. This might be you. Research shows that young people's expectations about their marital status (e.g., the desire to be married by 30 and have kids by 32) have little or no relationship to what actually happens to people. So, go with the flow. And, if you're single, you're in good company. Single people spend more time with friends,
volunteer more, and are more involved in their communities than married people. Never -married and divorced women are happier, on average, than married women. So, don't buy into the myth of the miserable singleton. 4. Don’t Take Your Ideas About Gender and Marriage Too Seriously If you do get married, be both principled and flexible. Relationship satisfaction, financial security, and happy kids related to the ability to adapt in the face of life's challenges than any particular way of organizing families. The most functional families are ones that can bend. So partnering with someone who thinks that one partner should support their families and the other should take responsibility for the house and children is a recipe for disaster. So is being equally rigid about non-traditional divis ions of labor. It's okay to have ideas about how to organize your family---- and, for the love of god, please talk about both your ideals and fallback positions on this ----but your best bet for happiness is to be flexible. 5.Think Hard About Whether to Buy a House Our current image of the American Dream revolves around homeownership, and buying a home is often considered a stage on the path to full-fledge adulthood. But the ideal of universal homeownership was born in the 1950s. It's a rather new idea. With such a short history, it's funny that people often insist that buying a house is a foolproof investment and the best way to secure retirement. In fact, buying a house may not be the best choice for you. The mortgage may be less than rent, but there are also taxes, insurance, and the increasingly common Home Owners Association (HOA) fees. You may someday sell the house for more than you bought it but, if you paid interest on a mortgage, you also paid far more than the sale price. You have freedom from a landlord, but may discover your HOA is just as controlling, or worse. And then there's the headache: renting makes you avoid the stress of being responsible for repairs. It also offers a freedom of movement you might cherish. So, think carefully about whether buying or renting is a better fit for your finances, lifestyle, and future goals. The New York Times rent vs. buy calculator is a good start. 71______on new grads on work, love, family, friendship, and the meaning of life ·College graduates are reminded to follow their passion. Don‘t Worry About 72_______ ·The 73_______of us will not be taken on in an ideal job. Your Dreams ·Just fins a great job that can make your life full, even if it‘s not perfect. ·Americans put a lot of 74______on getting married. · Both psychological well-being and health are more strongly Make Friends related to friendship. ·With good company, you will keep away from illness and feel more 75______of facing challenges. · Single adults 77_____for 45% and around 1 in 7 live alone. ·If single, be actively involved in communities and do voluntary work. ·The most functional families are ones that can bend, that is
Don‘t Worry About Being 76________ Don‘t Take Your Ideas About
Gender and Marriage Too Seriously
to say, to be more 78________. ·Buying a home is often taken for 79_______as a stage on
the path to full-fledge adulthood. Think Hard About Whether to ·In fact, buying a house may not be the best choice for you Buy a House to invest and to secure retirement. · Renting 80_______you from the stress of being responsible for repairs and you can move freely as you wish. 五、词组翻译 1. 在另行通知前______________________________________ 2. 把.. 归于某人_______________________________________ 3. 对…挑剔__________________________________________ 4. 把…付诸实施______________________________________ 5. 对…有偏见________________________________________ 6. 插队______________________________________________ 7. 从…到…不等______________________________________ 8. 名列______________________________________________ 9. 沦落到…__________________________________________ 10. 来营救某人________________________________________ 11. 冒…风险__________________________________________ 12. 一片废墟__________________________________________ 13. 在某种意义上______________________________________ 14. 使…自愧不如______________________________________ 15. 突出______________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. We the difficulty together, but why didn‘t you tell me? B. might face C. could have faced D. may have faced he remembers starting as A. should face early as his childhood. A. where B. when C. what D. which 3. Under the environment of fierce competition, the only way John could imagine get tougher by making greater efforts. A. handling B. to handle 4. last year. A. In spite of C. handled D. having handled stress was to
2. The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China,
the numbers in employment, the hotel industry was the sec ond largest industry in this country B. In case of C. In terms of D. In favor of
5. — Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve my Chinese?
—If you take A. 不填；不填
advantage of time, there will be B. the；a C. 不填；a
great progress. D. the; 不填
6. — Thanks again, Mr and Mrs White! The meal is wonderful. — . Just drop in whenever you are free. A. At your service B. Nice having you here C. Make yourself at home 7. — Tom, I have to tell you something. —Nothing wrong with it, ? A. is it B. has it C. are they D. is there 8. I had just finished doing my examination papers ___________ the bell rang. A. when B. while C. before D. after 9. What‘s the _____, in your opinion, of helping him if he doesn‘t make an effort to help himself? A. sympathy B. point C. object D. theme 10. While our city tries impatiently to change its appearance by tearing down old buildings, more and more citizens are suggesting ways to _______ the historically important architecture. A. decorate B. develop C. preserve D. reserve 11. The official website of Beijing Municipal Education Commission has recently published a reform plan to reduce the scores for English to 100 points from the current 150 points, _____ that is bound to cause an overwhelming stir across the country. A. one B. which C. this A. worn out B. tried out C. made out 13. — How is everything going on with you in the UK? — Quite well. Not so smoothly as I hoped, _____. A. instead B. though C. either 14. — Do you have any problems when you _____ this job? — Well, I‘m c onsidering the salary and working conditions. A. offered B. will be offered C. are offered D. offer 15. — We need a room for tonight, and I‘d like to take a chance to check in without reservation. — Don‘t you know about the jammed hotels in this season? ______. A. Better play it safe 二、完形填空 B. Do as you please C. No problem D. Think nothing of it D. it D. sent out D. With pleasure
12. Hard work and lack of sleep have ___ __ her beauty and youth in recent years.
I was walking in my school campus from my office to my car at about 9pm. On the way, I ran into a fellow who was ____1____ lost. He asked me for directions, saying he needed to get to East Palo Alto. But the ____2_____ was that he was walking in the complete opposite direction! I _____3____ him in the correct direction, but warned him it was a long way off. He didn't speak English very well, and generally seemed without sense of ____4_____. I quickly felt like helping him. ____5_____ he was a big guy, I got the ____6_____ that he was harmless. I sent him on his way, and I walked away towards my car. Just as he was going out of a short way, something ____7_____ me clicked, and I offered him a ____8_____. He gratefully accepted, and he offered to show me his ID. I declined, but ____9_____ my hand and introduced myself. He said his
name was Mario. Mario followed me to my car. When I unlocked the passenger door for him, he didn't get in _____10____ I assured him it was fine. As we sat in the car together, I suddenly got ____11_____. ―If this guy wanted, he could hurt me and take my car‖, I ____ 12_____ calling my brother as a safety precaution ( 预防措施), but then I felt determined not to feel scared. Mario and I got into some _____13____. He told me about his family in Mexico, how he works _____14____ doesn't ever earn enough, how he used to live near Fresno and work on the farms but now ____15_____ more in the Bay Area. It was good talking to him, though I couldn't shake the nervousness completely. I kept asking him questions that would give me clues as to ____16_____he was being truthful. When we got into East Palo Alto, I pulled into a gas station and told him it was as far as I could take him. He quickly got out and ____17_____ me several times, saying he _____18____ find his way home from there. Thinking back on it, I am glad to give a ride to Mario. Although it was risky, I think such things should be done without _____19____, or not at all. I wouldn't say I'd _____20____ a hitchhiker again, but I know that if I did, I would make sure I could offer more love and less fear. 1. A. eventually 2. A. problem 3. A. approved 4. A. humour 5. A. Though 6. A. impression 7. A. in 8. A. greeting 9. A. put up 10. A. when 11. A. nervous 12. A. suggested 13. A. friendship 14. A. and 15. A. earns 16. A. why 17. A. praised 18. A. must 19. A. pride 20. A. turn against 三、阅读理解 B. obvious ly B. chance B. expressed B. direction B. Since B. colleague B. over B. present B. turned out B. after B. generous B. imagined B. conversations B. or B. devotes B. how B. encouraged B. needed B. fear B. leave out C. naturally C. cause C. pointed D. casually D. effect D. announced D. safety D. When D. choice D. through D. ride D. held out D. since D. familiar D. appreciated D. cooperation D. so D. sponsors D. whether D. thanked D. dared D. courage D. believe in
C. responsibility C. As C. fact C. about C. suggestion C. looked up C. until C. distant C. considered C. instructions C. but C. supports C. what C. warned C. could C. trust C. pick up
A The pupils of the remote Beau-Roc primary school in Haiti are chanting. One of them plays a guitar made from an empty oil tin. Their headmistress, Emile Jean-Noel, is one of the few women school head
teachers in the country. Today, over 70% of Haitian population live without proper food, water, schools, or housing. To reduce the hunger that prevents learning and to encourage parents to send their children to school, meals are provided by the World Food Program. "We are so cut off that we have many difficulties," comments Emile, adding that finding chalk, school books and other materials is practically impossible. Emile tries to encourage people around her to make use of available resources. Her efforts are bearing fruit. One of her succ esses was convincing local women to contribute to their children' s schooling and increase their income by selling embroidery （刺 绣）and other handicrafts. Recent political instability has meant that the country has not invested in education for ten years. Only 44% of children go to school and less than half of them finish primary school. Less than a third of these children go on to secondary school. In rural areas it is not rare to find 17 and 18 year olds in primary school-Beau-Roc has only 4 teachers for 260 pupils. Emile works constantly to improve her pupils' environment. Under her direction, a local worker is now constructing a store house for the food delivered regularly by the WFP. Not only is Emile' s salary small, but she receives it irregularly. For her, transport is a real headache. She lives five kilometers away and has to take the tap, a privately-owned bus, costing more than she can afford. "The decision to be a rural teacher in Haiti should not be taken lightly" , Emile comments. "With
all the sacrifices and risks it requires, only those who are really cut out for teaching should do it. " However, Emile loves her job." I always feel at home with the children and, because the parents understand what I'm doing, I try to give my best." 1. Which of the following is extremely difficult for Beau-Roc primary school? A. Teaching the women how to make embroidery and other handicrafts. B. Persuading local women to care about their children' s education. C. Encouraging people around to use those available resources. D. Finding chalk, school books and other materials. 2. The many figures in Paragraph 4 indicate _____. A. poor investment in Haitian education B. political instability in Haiti C. challenges in Emile' s life D. Emile' s constant efforts 3. In the last paragraph, "those who are really cut out for teaching" refer to people who are _____. A. dismissed from teaching B. unfamiliar with teaching C. qualified for teaching D. cautious about teaching 4. What topic is presented in this passage? A. Hardship for teachers. C. Politics and children. B. Devotion to education. D. Love and beauty. B Happiness is contagious researchers reported on Thursday. People with the most social connections — spouses, friends, neighbors and relatives — were also the happiest, the data showed. ―Each additional happy person makes you happier,‖ Christakis said. ―Imagine that I am connected to you and you are connected to others and others are connected to
s till others. It is this fabric of humanity, like an American patch quilt.‖ Each person sits on a different colored patch. ―Imagine that these patches are happy and unhappy patches. Your happiness depends on what is going on in the patch around you,‖ Christ akis said. ―It is not just happy people connecting with happy people, which they do. Above and beyond, there is this contagious process going on.‖ And happiness is more contagious than unhappiness, they discovered. ―If a social contact is happy, it increases the likelihood that you are happy by 15 percent,‖ Fowler said. ―A friend of a friend, or the friend of a spouse or a sibling, if they are happy, increases your chances by 10 percent,‖ he added. A happy third degree friend — the friend of a friend of a friend — increases a person‘s chances of being happy by 6 percent. ―But every extra unhappy friend increases the likelihood that you‘ll be unhappy by 7 percent,‖ Fowler said. The finding is interesting and it is useful, too, Fowler said. ―Among other benefits, happiness has been shown to have an important effect on reduced mortality (死亡率), pain reduction, and improved cardiac ( 心脏的) function. So better understanding of how happiness spreads can help us learn how to promote a healthier society,‖ he said. The study also fits in with other data suggested in 1984 that having $ 5,000 extra increased a person‘s chances of becoming happier by about 2 percent. ―A happy friend is worth about $ 20,000,‖ Christakis said. 5. According to the research, your happiness _____. A. has nothing to do with your workmates or schoolmates B. has something to do with anyone who has a close relationship with you C. depends on those who are in favour of you or are against you D. has little to do with what social connections you have 6. The underlined word ―contagious‖ in the first paragraph means _____. A. infectious B. beautiful C. effective D. prior 7. It can be inferred that _____. A. happiness spreads as fast and widely as unhappiness B. unhappiness spreads faster and more widely than happiness C. happiness spreads faster and more widely than unhappiness D. the spread of unhappiness has not been studied by researchers 8. Which of the following will increase your chances of becoming happier most? A. Being in a party with a happy atmosphere. B. A happy experience of your brother or your parents. C. A happy trip to a foreign country of your friends. D. Happiness of your friend‘ s friend. 9. What does Christakis mean by saying ―A happy friend is worth about $ 20,000‖ ? A. A happy friend can help you bring in a wealth of $ 20,000. B. A happy friend is a wealth which is worth about $ 20,000. C. A happy friend increases your chances of being happy by 2%. D. A happy friend increases your chances of being happy by 8 %.
四、任务型阅读 Some people believe that greed and selfishness has become the basis of modern society, and we should return to the old traditions of family and community then we will have a better life. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above opinion? In this fast-paced world, many values are undergoing major changes. While people traditionally prioritize ( 区分) caring, sharing and generosity in life and work, modern people seem to be more self-absorbed and self-concerned. Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life. They say that it is a jungle out there. To survive, you have to fight with whatever means that come handy. Obviously greed and selfishness go perfectly well with such ideas. In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. We are in any way advocating any selfish conduct. It is just that people are pressured to act in a certain way due to outside influences. In spite of common practice, it is hard to conclude that modern society is built on greed and selfishness, both of which are not newly invented vocabulary. In ancient times people also did greedy and selfish things though such behaviors were more condemned then. But we can not ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern counterparts. Are we happier to share with others and be generous to them? There is no fixed answer either. Some people take great pleasure helping and giving to others while others feel happy doing the oppos ite. But I personally think that people should not be too selfish. Caring for others can actually encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship. In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and to build a mutually benefic ial relationship with others. Are Modern People Becoming More Selfish? Main comparisons 1 4 too. are changing. are changing Contexts In the past people put caring, sharing and generosity in the first 2 . Nowadays, people seem to be more 3 about themselves. People in the past appeared to be modest and self-effacing ( 谦让的). People may strive to achieve their own coworkers. The author‘s understanding 6 The for the changes author‘s 9 Fierce 7 and great 8 on modern people may be responsible 10 two sides should be established. in author‘s eyes towards topic 五、词组翻译 1. 收藏着___________________________________________ 2. 订阅, 向…捐款____________________________________ 3. 听从, 服从________________________________________
at the cost of their
for the changes. A relationship which can
4. 优于…的_________________________________________ 5. 反复试验_________________________________________ 6. 徒劳_____________________________________________ 7. 被病毒感染_______________________________________ 8. 给…让路_________________________________________ 9. 失业率___________________________________________ 10. 穿着制服_________________________________________ 11. 怀疑某人做某事___________________________________ 12. 比…级别低的/年少的______________________________ 13. 某人的优缺点_____________________________________ 14. 坚持真理_________________________________________ 15. 与…相似_________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. — Are you sure the delegation will come to our school next week? — _____. The head of it has just emailed me about the departure time of their flight. A. No wonder B. You bet C. Don‘t mention it D. Definitely not 2. — Dad, would you please buy some strawberries for me? I love them. — I‘d like to, but they are not _____ in winter. A. accustomed B. convenient C. casual 3. — But for your timely warning, we _____ into great trouble. — Well, you know we‘re friends. A. would get B. must have got C. would have got D. available
D. can‘t have got
4. When you talk about a person‘s _____, you are referring to the country, race, or social class of their parents or ancestors. A. origin B. nationality C. generation D. relation 5. His promise _____ he would give away half of the year‘s income to the disabled turned out a lie, _____ made the public feel cheated. A. which; what B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that 6. The final score of the basketball match was 96-97. We were only _____ beaten. A. tightly B. slightly C. narrowly D. roughly 7. Mark has come in his raincoat and boots, _____ for rain. A. preparing B. prepared 8. — Did you have a good time last night? C. to prepare D. prepares
—Yes, I did. It was a long time since I _____ myself. A. haven‘t enjoyed B. didn‘t enjoy C. enjoy D. had enjoyed 9. After a day‘s hard work, Mary went to the nearby sh op to _____ herself to a strawberry ice cream. A. satisfy B. treat
10. So suddenly _____ the disease that the whole family were at a great loss. A. did he catch B. he caught C. was he caught D. he was caught 11. The doctor will see you again next week. _____, you must rest as much as possible. A. Somehow B. However C. Meanwhile D. Indeed 12. Mark lives in a big pleasant room ______ approximately 5 meters by 6 meters. A. measures B. measuring C. to be measured D. having measured 13. Since the baby milk powder was found to be polluted, there has been universal doubt _____ other food products are safe _____. A. that; to eat B. whether; to be eaten C. whether; to eat D. that; to be eaten
14. The company has changed some of its working practices _____ complaints and criticism from the customers. A. in respect to B. in return for C. in exchange for D. in response to 15. The viewers will have _____ second chance to watch Voice of China on _____ Channel 4 tonight. A. a; the B. the; the C. the; / D. a; / 二、完形填空 The mass media is a big part of our culture, yet it can also be a helper, adviser and teacher to our young generation. The mass media affects the lives of our young by acting as a(an) 1 for a number of institutions and social contacts. In this way, it 2 a variety of functions in human life. The time spent in front of the televis ion screen is usually at the 3 of leisure: there is less time for games, amusement and rest. 4 by what is happening on the screen, children not only imitate what they see but directly 5 themselves with different characters. Americans have been concerned about the 6 of violence in the media and its 7 harm to children and adolescents for at least forty years. During this period, new media 8 ,such as video games, cable television, music videos, and the Internet. As they continue to gain popularity, these media, 9 television, 10 public concern and research attention. Another large societal concern on our young generation 11 by the media, is body image. 12 forces can influence body image positively or negatively. 13 one, societal and cultural norms and mass media marketing 14 our concepts of beauty. In the mass media, the images of 15 beauty fill magazines and newspapers, 16 from our televis ions and entertain us 17 the movies. Even in advertising, the mass media 18 on accepted cultural values of thinness and fitness for commercial gain. Young adults are presented with a 19 defined standard of attractiveness, a(n) 20 that carries unrealistic physical expectations. 1.A.alternative 2.A.accomplishes 3.A.risk 4.A.Absorbed 5.A.identify 6.A.abundance 7.A.disposed 8.A.merged 9.A.part from B.preference B.fulfills B.mercy B. Attracted B.recognize B. incidence B.hidden B.emerged B.much as
C.substitute C.provides C.height C.Aroused C.unify C.prevalence C.implic it C.immerged C.but for
D.representative D.suffices D.expense D.Addicted D.equate D.recurrence D.potential D.submerged D.along with
10.A.promote 11.A.inspired 12.A.External 13.A.As 14.A.mark 15.A.generalized 16.A.boom 17.A.over 18.A.play 19.A.barely 20.A.ideal 三、阅读理解
B.propel B. imposed B.Exterior B. At B.effect B.regularized B.bottom B.with B.take B.carefully B. image
C.prompt C.delivered C.Explicit C.For C.impact C.standardized C.brim C.on C.profit C.narrowly C.stereotype
D.prosper D.contribute D.Exposed D.In D.shock D.categorized D.beam D.at D.resort D.subjectively D.criterion
A When times get tough, we all look for ways to cut back. When we‘re hungry, we eat at home instead of going out. We take buses instead of taxis. And we wear our old designer jeans just a few months longer. With college expenses at all-time highs, high school students are eager to do anything to cut the cost of a university education. One cost-cutting proposal is to allow college students to get a bachelor‘ s degree in three years instead of four. Educational institutions have been actively exploring ways to make the learning process more efficient. But there‘s a question: Would the quality of undergraduate education suffer? Few US universities have formally approved a ―three-year degree‖ model. I doubt that mainstream North American colleges will carry out a three-year curriculum any time soon. For one thing, most universities already allow highly qualified students to graduate early by testing out of certain classes and obtaining a number of college credits. In addition, at famous universities, the committee who determine which courses are required and which courses are electives are unlikely to suddenly ―throw out‖ one quarter of the required credits. Professors will resist ―diluting(稀释)‖ the quality of the education they offer. In my opinion, a quality four-year education is always superior to a quality three-year education. A college education requires sufficient time for a student to become skilled in their major and do coursework in fields outside their major. It is not a good idea to water down education, any more than it‘ s not a good idea to water down medicine. If we want to help students find their way through university, we should help them understand early on what knowledge and skills they need to have upon graduation. We should allow students to test out of as many courses as possible. We should give them a chance to earn money as interns( 实习生)in meaningful part-time jobs that relate to their university studies, such as the five-year co-op program at Northeastern University. 1. Which of the following can be the best title? A. It‘ s time to shorten the learning process B. Best learning takes place over time C. University education should be watered down D. College education calls for reform 2. We can learn from the passage that _____.
A. most American universities are against the ―three -year degree‖ model B. many famous US universities are considering adopting the ―three -year degree‖ model C. professors are willing to acc ept the ―three-year degree‖ model D. The ―three-year degree‖ model can make college learning more efficient 3. In most US universities, _____. A. college students are offered the co-op program B. electives‘ credits make up one quarter of the required credits C. all students are required to finish four-year education before graduation D. some excellent students can graduate ahead of time 4. We can infer that _____. A. the author is a college professor B. the author thinks the cost of a university education is too high for people to afford C. the author considers the university education quality very important D. the author pays special attention to the all-round development of college students 5. The first paragraph serves as a(n)_____. A. explanation B. definition C. introduction B D. Comment
When I heard the piano, I walked to Mrs. Windsor‘s house and waited outside as I always did. That meant she was working with another student, and I was not supposed to bother them by ringing the bell. I stood against the wall and daydreamed what I‘d rather be doing. ―Almost anything‖, I sighed dejectedly. I had been tutored enough to read, understand, and even write some musical compositions, but I just didn‘t have a gift for it. It didn‘t come to me nat urally. I thought back to happier times when I was writing stories and acting them out with my friends, cutting up old clothes to make dresses that performers wear in plays, and building scenery out of old things we found. But Mrs. Windsor had offered to give me the lessons for free, so I felt my duty to try. The door opened and Wendy Barton came out. I walked in, sat down on the piano bench and began to sort through my sheet music. ―Hello,‖ I heard a voice behind me say softly. I turned around to see a little girl standing behind me, eating an apple. But before I could make any response, Mrs. Windsor walked into the room in her usual urgent manner and announced, ―Jennifer, this is my niece, Pasha. Pasha, this is Jennifer. Pasha will be giving you your lesson today. I‘m up to my ears in something else!‖ she then exited to the kitchen. Pasha set her apple down on the side table and slid beside me on the piano bench. ―What piece do you like best?‖ she asked. ―What do you mean?‖ I asked. ―They‘re all the same to me. I don‘t know. ―You mean you don‘t have a favorite?‖ ―No, not really.‖ Pasha looked at me, rather puzzled, then opened my sheet music to the beginning page and asked me to play. I arranged my fingers on the keys and studied the notes on the page for a moment. Then I frowned and concentrated to make the notes on the page match the finger movements. I have to admit I was a rather mechanical pianist.
After about a page or two, Pasha gently put her hand on top of mine as if to calm my fingers. There was a long pause. ―What are you hearing in the music?‖ I looked at her rather strangely and admitted I didn‘t know what she meant. ―Like a story. What story is being playing out within the music?‖ ―I guess I‘ve never thought about it before. I don‘t know.‖ ―Here, let me try and you listen,‖ Pasha advised. She closed her eyes and took a deep breath, letting her fingers dance lightly over the keys. Then, she began to play. ―See, it begins here beside some kind of river. Hear the water flowing beside you?‖ Her fingers rose and fell gently on the keys. ―Now the princess appears and she‘s picking flowers from the water‘s edge.‖ A carefree, happy piece of music filled the air in time to Pasha‘s dancing fingers. ―Oh, but she slips!‖ The music changed. ―And our princess is being carried off by the fast-flowing stream. Quickly, the princess‘s horse sees her plight ( 困境),‖ Pasha continued, and races to the river‘s edge where he swims out to let her catch hold of him. They make it to the bank and she hugs her faithful horse and swears she will never again wear princess skirts that weigh her down. She will only wear jeans and T-shirt from now on.‖ Pasha finished with a big smile and then looked at me. ―Aren‘t you the girl who tells the stories?‖ she asked. ―I guess. I do tell a lot of stories.‖ ―Oh, yes! All the kids talk about them. I‘ve heard about you. Well, all you have to do is learn to hear the stories in the music. That‘s all there is to it.‖ ―I‘ve never thought it that way.‖ ―Let‘s try another one, shall we?‖ Pasha smiled and together we played that afternoon, finding the stories in the music and learning that sometimes it takes a friend to pull you out of the river onto dry land again. 1. The underlined word ―dejectedly‖ in Paragraph 1 is closest in me aning to _______. A. nervously B. desperately C. impatiently D. unhappily 2. Jennifer got lost in thought when she ________. A. played the piano with Pasha for the first time B. listened to Pasha tell her story about the princess C. remembered happier times of writing stories and acting them out D. discovered that Mrs. Windsor‘s niece would be giving the piano lesson 3. By describing herself as a mechanical pianist, the author showed ______. A. she could remember the notes in a short time B. she was playing the piano without thinking C. Pasha was showing off her skills D. it had been a long time since she played last time 4. Which of the following can best describe Pasha? A. Creative B. Naughty C. Humorous 5. Which of the following is the best title for the text? A. Never Give up 6. This text would be probably found in ______. A. a collection of stories about friendship and learning B. a book of daily records about famous young musicians
B. A Piano Lesson C. Why I Hated Playing the Piano D. A Friend for Ever
C. a magazine series about the challenges of overcoming fears D. a series of newspaper articles about musical instruments 四、词组翻译 1. 供应不足 __________________________________________ 2. 发出请帖___________________________________________ 3. 为…牺牲自己的生命_________________________________ 4. 同情某人___________________________________________ 5. 从…中获利_________________________________________ 6. 与…谈判/协商______________________________________ 7. 越狱______________________________________________ 8. 暂时______________________________________________ 9. 一则；再则________________________________________ 10. 为…负责__________________________________________ 11. 朝…方向走去______________________________________ 12. 开始认真（做某事）________________________________ 13. 引起______________________________________________ 14. 更不用说__________________________________________ 15. 对某人/某事放任不管_______________________________ 五、书面表达 One day, Zeng‘s wife decided to go out for shopping, but her little son insisted on going with her to the market. Thinking that she would come back very soon, and that the naughty boy would bring her a lot of trouble, she was unwilling to do so. In order to persuade the boy to stay home, she told him, ―Oh, come on, good boy, if you listen to Mom and then Mom will give you a present when I am back.‖ ―What present are you going to give me, Mom?‖ asked the son. ―We haven‘t eaten meat for a long time, so I will kill our pig and let you enjoy a big nice dinner.‖ The mother comforted the boy when it happened that their pig was wandering in front of the house. Just at that time, her husband came back and heard what she said. Thinking of the nice meal, the boy gave in. Not very soon, the mother came back, but what she saw shocked her. It was her husband who had killed the only pig of the poor family. ―Why did you kill it? You know that it is very important for my family.‖ she scolded him. ―I did that just for your promise!‖ Mr. Zeng answered. [写作内容] 以约 30 个词概括这则中国寓言故事“曾子”的品质； 以约 120 个词，从“曾子”或者“曾子之妻”的行为任选一个角度发表你的看法， 并包括如下要点: (1) 你认为“曾子”或者“曾子之妻”的不同的做法对孩子的教育会导致的结果是什么样的，并说 出理由； (2) 叙述你一次诚实守信的经历，并谈谈你的感受。 [写作要求]
1．可以使用实例来支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述，但不得直接引用原文中的句 子； 2．标题自定。 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. — I‘ve nothing on me except this ten-yuan note to donate, I‘m afraid. — Never mind. ______. We really appreciate your assistance. A. Every little helps B. The more, the better C. It‘s better to give than to receive D. No on e is perfect.[来源:学§ 科§ 网 Z§ X 2. His remark was considered to be quite ______, because it deepened the gap between two parties and caused more conflicts. A. out of place B. out of mind C. out of question D. out of order 3. Sometimes smiles around the world ______ be false, hiding other feelings like anger, fear or worry. A. must A. took out B. would B. took up C. should C. took off D. took in D. can 4. Many students listened to the lecture, but I wondered how much they ______. 5. As is known to all language learners, newly learnt words will soon be forgotten unless ______ used in everyday communication. A. exactly B. finally C. gradually D. frequently 6. --- I saw your uncle take a taxi to the airport. Why didn‘t you drive him there? --- I ______. But my car ______. A. would; was fixed B. would have; was fixed
C. would have; was being fixed --- ____. The hotel‘s not busy then. A. Never mind B. Don‘t bot her
D. did; was being fixed
7. --- We need three single rooms for the first week in June. C. No problem D. It doesn‘t matter
8. After five hours‘ drive, they reached ____they thought was the place they had been dreaming of. A. what B. that C. which D. where 9. Dr. Peter Spence, ____ headmaster of the school, told us, ―____ fifth of pupils here go to study at Oxford and Cambridge.‖ A. a; A B. /；The C. the; The D. /; A
10. The time and effort he has devoted during the past few years____ trees in that remote area is now considered to be of great value． A．to plant B．to planting C．plant D．planting 11. Every means _________, but none proved __________. A. have tried; a success B. have been tried; successful C. has tried; to be successful D. has been tried; successful 12. It was in the small house ____ was destroyed by the flood ______ he spent his childhood. A. which; that B. that; where C. which; which D. that; which 13. All those second-hand goods are sold at ___________ before. A. 30% as lower price as B. as 30% low price as C. 30% as low a price as D. 30% lower price than 14. For the big house, the price is fairly cheap, b ut you‘ve got to take into _____ the money you‘ll spend on home improvement. A. consideration B. thoughtfulness C. responsibility D. measures 15. I heard several quarrels within our home, ____________ I had never before noticed. A. that B. them C. one D. ones 二、完形填空 If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses. Success or 1 in your work would depend, to 2 great extent, 3 your ability to use your strengths and weaknesses to the best advantage. 4 the utmost importance is your attitude. A person 5 begins a job convinced that he isn't going to like it or is 6 that he is going to ail is exhibiting a weakness which can only hinder his success. On the other hand, a person who is secure 7 his belief that he is probably as capable 8 doing the work as anyone else and who is willing to make a cheerful attempt 9 it possesses a certain strength of purpose. The chances are that he will do well. 10 the prerequisite skills for a particular job is strength. Lacking those skills is obviously a weakness. A bookkeeper who can't add or a carpenter who can't cut a straight line with a saw 11 hopeless cases. This book has been designed to help you capitalize 12 the strength and overcome the 13 that you bring to the job of learning. But in groups to measure your development, you must first 14 stock of somewhere you stand now. 15 we get further along in the book, we'll be 16 in some detail with specific processes for developing and strengthening 17 skills. However, 18 begin with, you should pause 19 examine your present strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are critical to your success or failure
in school: your 20 , your reading and communication skills, and your study habits. 1.A.improvement 2.A.a 3.A.in 4.A.Out of 5.A.who 6.A.ensure 7.A.onto 8.A.to 9.A.near 10.A.Have 11.A.being 12.A.except 13.A.idea 14.A.make 15.A.as 16.A.deal 17.A.learnt 18.A.around 19.A.to 20.A.intelligence 三、阅读理解 B.victory B.the B.on B.Of B.what B.certain B.on B.at B.on B.Had B.been B.but B.weakness B.take B.till B.dealt B.learned B.to B.onto B.work C.failure C.some C.of C.To C.that C.sure C.off C.of C.by C.Having C.are C.for C.strength C.do C.over C.be dealt C.learning C.from C.into C.attitude A D.achievement D.certain D.to D.Into D.which D.surely D.in D.for D.at D.Had been D.is D.on D.advantage D.give D.out D.dealing D.learn D.beside D.with D.weakness
Throughout the world, boys and girls prefer to play with different types of toys. Boys typically like to play with cars and trucks, while girls typically choose to play with dolls. Why is this? A traditional sociological explanation is that boys and girls are socialized and encouraged to play with different types of toys by their parents, peers, and the ―society‖. Growing scientific evidence suggests, however, that boys‘ and girls‘ toy preferences may have a biological or igin. In 2002, Gerianne M. Alexander of Texas A&M University and Melissa Hines of City University in London surprised the scientific world by showing that monkeys showed the same sex typical toy preferences as humans. In the study, Alexander and Hines gave two masculine toys (a ball and a police car), two feminine toys (a soft doll and a cooking pot), and two neutral toys (a picture book and a stuffed dog) to 44 male and 44 female monkeys. They then assessed the monkeys‘ preference for each toy by measuring how much time they spent with each. Their data showed that male monkeys showed significantly greater interest in the masculine toys, and the female monkeys showed significantly greater interest in the feminine toys. The two sexes did not differ in their preference for the neutral toys. If children‘s toy preferences were largely formed by gender socialization, as traditional sociologists‘ claim, in which their parents give ―gender appropriate‖ toys to boys and girls, how can these male and female monkeys have the same preferences as boys and girls ？They were never socialized by humans, and they had never seen these toys before in their lives. 1. Traditional sociologists believe boys‘ and girls‘ toy preferences _____.
A. are passed down from their parents
B. have a biological origin D. are largely formed in later life
C. have nothing to do with gender socialization
2. The study by Alexander and Hines shows that monkeys _____. A. also play toys as humans do B. also have a sex typical toy preference C. have no toy preferences D. like to play different toys at different time 3. Alexander and Hines carried out the study to _____. A. find out why boys and girls prefer different toys B. test the intelligence of monkeys C. test whether monkeys like to play toys D. find more evidence for traditional sociology 4. According to the study, if given a stuffed dog, _____. A. only the male monkeys showed interest B. the female monkeys showed more interest C. the male and female monkeys showed the same interest D. neither the male nor the female monkeys showed any interest 5. Masculine toys are mainly intended for _____. A. monkeys B. adult C. boys B When Steve Maxwell graduated from college, he had an engineering degree and a high tech job — but he couldn‘t balance his checkbook. ―I took one finance class in college but dropped it to go on a ski trip， ‖ says the 45 year old father of three, who lives in Windsor, Colorado. ―I actually had to go to my bank and ask them to teach me how to read my statement.‖ One of the biggest obstacles to making money is not understanding it: Thousands of us avoid investing becaus e we just don‘t get it. But to make money, you must be financially literate. ―It bothered me that I didn‘t understand this stuff,‖ says Steve, ―so I read books and magazines about money management and investing, and I asked every financial whiz ( 能手) I knew to explain things to me.‖ He and his wife started applying the lessons: They made a point to live below their means. They never bought on impulse, always negotiated better deals (on their cars, cable bills, furniture) and stayed in their home long after they went for an expensive vacation. They also put 20 percent of their annual salary into investments. Within ten years, they were millionaires, and people were coming to Steve for advice. ―Someone would say, ?I need to refinance my house — what should I do? ?A lot of times ，I wouldn‘t know the answer, but I‘d go to find it and learn something in the process,‖ he says. In 2003, Steve quit his job to become part owner of a company that holds personal finance seminars for employees of corporations like Wal Mart. He also started going to real estate investment seminars, and it‘s paid off: He now owns $ 30 million worth of investment properties, including apartment complexes, a shopping mall and a quarry. ―I was an engineer who never thought this life was possible , but all it truly takes is a little self education,‖ says Steve. ―You can do anything once you understand the basics.‖ 6. When Steve Maxwell graduated from college, he _____. A. couldn‘t balance his work and life B. made up his mind to become a millionaire C. didn‘t know how to manage his money D. often went to banks to borrow money 7. The underlined part ―live below their means‖ (in Paragraph 3) probably means ―_____‖.
A. take effective measures C. spend more money than they had
B. live a miserable life D. spend less money than they had
8. Since Steve Maxwell became a millionaire, he _____. A. has been unwilling to help others B. hasn‘t stopped learning from practice C. has been willing to follow others‘ advice 9. What would be the best title for the passage? A. A self made engineer D. has stopped to invest in houses
B. How to balance your checkbook
C. Don‘t avoid investing D. Educate yourself to become a millionaire 10. It can be inferred from the passage that _____. A. self education is very important to one‘s life B. everyone should learn how to invest in their life C. Steve Maxwell was quite interested in finance classes in college D. Steve became rich because he saved every penny he had earned 四、任务型阅读 Many Chinese high school students are fed up with their parents‘ nagging (唠叨). They think their parents‘ high expectations are a burden. But a recent survey found that they are much luckier than teenagers in Japan, the Republic of Korea and the US, who also find their parents constantly annoying. The parents of foreign teens have even higher expectations of their children than Chinese moms and dads. Sixty-two per cent of Chinese fathers and 66 per cent of Chinese mothers have high expectations of their children at high school age. They rank third and fourth among fathers and mothers of the four countries. Japanese mothers top the list with 76 per cent having high expectations, while 70 per cent of Korean fathers expect too much of their children. Japanese teens are the most deeply troubled by their parents constantly comparing them with other kids. The survey of high school students ‘ views of life in China, Japan, South Korea and the US, was held in 156 high schools in the four countries. More than 7,000 teenagers were questioned. The survey also found that with the smallest burden, Chinese students are the most satisfied with their parents. They blame them less, and also receive less criticism than students from the other three countries. However, satisfaction doesn‘t mean they are happy. Of the four countries, Chinese children are not the happiest at home. They get the least praise from their parents and they don‘t feel able to express their unhappiness to them. ―Results from the survey show that despite different cultural backgrounds, generation gaps exist in many countries other than China. It‘s even bigger elsewhere,‖ said Sun Y unxiao, from the China Youth and Children Research Centre. He said that Chinese parents are used to burying their feelings deep in their hearts. This makes their children not want to talk openly with them. ―This survey shows that both parents and teenagers in China need to work on communicating and understanding each other.‖ Besides their family life, students were also questioned about their opinions on themselves and
others in the world. US students displayed more ―individuality,‖ with 88 per cent agreeing that ―people should follow their own interests instead of those of others‖. Koreans were the next most independent, followed by the Chinese and Japanese. But strong ambition is observed in Chinese high schools. Only 41 per cent of high school students are content with ―an average living‖, compared with Koreans at 48 per cent, the Japanese a t 66 per cent and Americans at 72 per cent. A Recent 2 1 about Teenagers in China, Japan, South Korea and the US The parents of Chinese teens have 3 expectations of their children among the four countries.[来源:学科网] Japanese teens are the most deeply constantly Korean parents rank children Views of life 5 in expecting too much of their 6 by their parents. 4 by their parents
Chinese students are least
Chinese parents should often praise their children It‘s 7 for Chinese parents and teenagers to communicate. Koreans were the most independent, 9 US students.
on themselves and compared with Koreans, the Japanese and Americans,
Chinese students are the most 10 . 五、词组翻译 1. 应付开支，量入为出__________________________________ 2. 有关系, 有作用______________________________________ 3. 4. 5. 6. 看出, 看清楚;理解____________________________________ 正要……的时候______________________________________ 不妨________________________________________________ 自费________________________________________________
7. 听侯某人的吩咐______________________________________ 8. 无论如何，以任何手段________________________________ 9. 在…的支配下________________________________________ 10. 打破沉默/僵局_______________________________________ 11. 访问（某地）________________________________________ 12. 拜访/看望(某人) ______________________________________ 13. 取消，把…叫开______________________________________ 14. 预定一张桌子________________________________________ 15. 保留意见____________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. The good name of the bakery is spread by word of ___ mouth rather than ____ advertisements. A. the, / B. /, the C. /, / D. a, the 2. The education department ________ the college admission tests reform to ______ the burden on high school students. A. intends, relieve B. means, relax C. hopes, reduce D. requires, remove
3. ___ with the dilemma of worldwide hunger, the UN set up an agency called WFP. A. Handling B. By struggling C. Upon coping D. In wrestling 4. William Shakespeare is considered the greatest playwright __________. His works still influence the English language and contemporary literature today. A. of all times B. of the time C. at times D. over time
5. The food aid program targets people most _____: the rural population in some poor African countries. A. at risk B. in danger C. in trouble D. in need 6. The good infrastructure in the coastal areas ______for the fast development of industries and trade. A. allows B. pushes C. provides D. stands 7. A climate summit along with a forum ____ held each year to _____ the problem of global warming and the rising of sea level. A. is, address B. has been, comment on C. was, deal with D. is being, approach 8. Teaching a man to fish means helping him ______. A. fill his belly B. mend his ways C. help himself D. worth his salt 9. ________ with _________ weapons, nuclear and bio-chemical weapons are not only more destructive but also more harmful to the environment. A. Comparing, traditional B. Compared, regular C. Comparing, average D. Compared, conventional 10. ___________ a major outbreak of unrest, the government is spending large sums of money on security measures. A. In case of B. For fear that C. In prevention of D. In view of 11. Drones( 无人机) allow the CIA agents to survey large areas and attack terrorists ___ their home base. A. from the comfort of B. at the convenience of C. with the ease of D. by means of 12. As I had been away for weeks, I spent more time hanging around my colleagues during lunch break to ________ the news in the office. A. come up with B. catch up with C. come through with D. catch up on 13. In its ______ to host the 2022 winter Olympics, Beijing is planning a massive upgrade of its sports facilities. A. effort B. attempt C. gesture D. bid 14. ---- What do you mean by ―my life sucks‖? Do you regret marrying me? ---- Oh, sorry dear. It was only a ___. What I really wanted to say was ―What a wonderful luck!‖ A. passing thought B. slip of tongue C. white lie D. black humor 15. I wouldn‘t call this drawing artwork. It is graffiti ( 涂鸦) ______. A. at worst B. at least C. at last D. at best 二、完形填空
Most people would be
1 by the high quality of medicine available 3 to the individual, a
to most Americans. amount of advanced
There is a lot of specialization, a great deal of
technical equipment, and 5 effort not to make mistakes because of the financial risk which doctors and hospitals must 6 in the courts if they 7 things badly. But the Americans are in a mess. The problem is the way in 8 health care is organized and 9 . 10 to public belief it is not just a free competition system. To the private system has been joined a large public system, because private care was simply not 11 the less fortunate and the elderly. But even with this huge public part of the system, 12 this year will eat up 84.5 billion dollars ——more than 10 per cent of the U.S. Budget — large numbers of Americans are left 13. These include about half the 11 million unemployed and those who fail to meet the strict limits 14 income fixed by a government trying to make savings where in can. The basic problem, however, is that there is no central control 15 the health system. There is no 16 to what doctors and hospitals charge for their services, other than what the public is able to pay. The number of doctors has shot up and prices have climbed. When faced with toothache, a sick child, or a heart attack, all the unfortunate person concerned can do is 17 up. Two thirds of the population 18 covered by medical insurance. Doctors charge as much as they want 19 that the insurance company will pay the bill. The rising cost of medicine in the U.S.A. is among the most worrying problems facing the country. In 1981 the country‘s health bill climbed 15.9 per cent——about twice as fast as prices 20 1. A. compressed B. impressed 2. A. available 3. A. extension 4. A. countless 5. A. intensive 6. A. run into 7. A. treat 8. A. which 9. A. to finance 10. A. Contrary 11. A. looking for 12. A. which 13. A. over 14. A. for 15. A. over 16. A. boundary 17. A. to pay 18. A. is being 19. A. knowing 20. A. in 三、阅读理解 B. attainable B. retention B. titanic B. absorbed B. come into B. deal B. that B. financed B. Opposed B. looking into B. what B. out B. in B. on B. restriction B. paying B. are B. to know B. with general. C. obsessed C. achievable C. attention C. broad C. intense C. face C. maneuver C. what C. the finance C. Averse C. looking after C. that C. off C. with C. under C. confinement C. pay C. have been C. they know C. on D.. repressed D.. amenable D.. exertion D. vast D. concentrated D. defy D. handle D. when D. to be financed D. Objected D. looking over D. it D. away D. on D. behind D. limit D. to have paid D. is D. known D. for
A Taiwan will finalize a plan by the end of June to open up the island to tourists from mainland China,
though no date has been fixed for formal implementation （执行）, an official at the Mainland Affairs Council（ MAC） said on Monday． The official said the reports in the local press on Monday that the MAC has decided to postpone its plan to announce the implementation of the new plan on July 1 were inaccurate ． The official said cooperation between different organizations was still underway ． The United Daily news quoted the director of the MAC‘s legal affairs department, Liu Thehsun, as saying the plan to open up to mainland tourists would not be implemented as scheduled due to a lack of cross -strait communication． Although relevant authorities, including the Bureau of Immigration and the Tourism Bureau, have complete reports on how to deal with visitors from mainland China, the decision has been taken not to press, ahead with announcement of the plan‘s implementation on the first of July, Liu was quoted as saying． The report also said that while no restrictions would be imposed on the mainland visitors in terms of age or residence in China, the vis itors would need to hold a steady job or have more than 50,000RMB （about 6,000, U． S． dollars ） in bank savings before they would be eligible （有资格的） to vis it Taiwan． In addition, Taiwan bound mainland tourists would have to come as part of a tour group and would be allowed to stay a maximum of 10 days each time． The number of mainland tourists allowed to enter the island would also initially be limited to 1,000 people a day． Although most people from Taiwan are free to travel to China, only a small number of mainland Chinese have been able to visit the island due to restrictions imposed by both sides of the Taiwan Strait after the end of a civil war in 1949 ． 1. At the moment, according to the passage, _____. A. no mainland Chinese can visit Taiwan now B. any mainland Chinese can visit Taiwan now C. many mainland Chinese have ever visited Taiwan since 1949 D. a few mainland Chinese have ever visited Taiwan since 1949 2. When Taiwan opens up the island to tourists from mainland China, _____. A. there will be no restrictions to mainland visitors B. mainland vis itors who want to travel in Taiwan must have at least ￥50,000 in the bank savings account C. there will be no age restrictions to the mainland visitors D. mainland visitors will be free to travel to Taiwan 3. We can infer from the passage that _____ get（s ） involved in the implementation of the plan ． A. MAC B. United Daily C. several organizations D. Bureau of Immigration 4. Which of the following statement is TRUE? A. The implementation of the plan has not been fixed. B. It was originally fixed on July 1 to announce the plan‘s implementation. C. Lacking cross-strait communication, the plan won‘t be officially completed until July. D. When the plan is finalized, it will be announced immediately. B Texas ——US President George W．Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin failed to bridge their differences over a key arms control treaty last week, but that didn‘t stop them from backslapping （喧闹的狂欢）as they ended a summit. The two leaders also offered differing interpretations of the fate of nuclear warheads to be removed from missiles under arms reductions they each announced last week ．Bush said he intended to destroy the warheads, but Putin said their fate should be negotiated. The two men untied on the need for Northern Alliance forces ——to allow for a broad based government that respects all parties there. Bush and Putin had spent the night at Bush‘s ranch ．Despite the rain, the rural environment and friendly company appeared to have worked its magic.They slapped on the back and joked, at one point
teasing each other about whether it is better to visit Texas in the heat of August or Siberia in winter. Analysts say the dramatic warming in US-Russian relation could herald （预示） an era of pragmatism（务实的想法或做法）in global affairs as the two old rivals finally end decades of hostility and become friends. ―Washington and Moscow are no longer playing the ?big game‘ against each other, but with each other,‖ said Karl Heniz Kamp, an analyst at the Konrad Adenanaer Foundation, a German think tank. 5. It can be concluded that President Bush and President Putin _____. A. didn‘t agree on key arms control treaty B. offered different explanations of the future of nuclear warheads under arms reductions C. neither A or B D. both A and B 6. The reason why the two men joined together is that _____. A. they were needed by the Northern Alliance forces B. they had taken the advice given by Karl Heniz Kamp, an analyst of German think tank C. they had already been partners D. they had no different opinions on everything 7. The warming of US-Russian relations indicates that _____. A. the two persons end hostility and become friends B. US can benefit a lot from global affairs C. there will be an end to all the armies of the world D. it is a turning point towards being practical in global affairs 四、任务型阅读 Quality after-school programs are designed to improve academic performance, decrease youth crimes and other high-risk behaviors, and help young people grow into healthy, successful adults. The effect of quality after-school programs on academic performance is clear. Studies show that students who take part in such programs show better work habits, higher rates of homework completion, improved grades, an higher scores on achievement tests. They also have fewer absences and are less likely to blame. After-school programs also influence high risk teen behavior. V arious studies show decreased rates of crime, drug use, and teen sex among youth who join in well-run after-school programs when compared to similar youth who do not. Finally, after-school programs play an important role in supporting the following fields of development: physical development, mental development and social development. Thus, one can safely say that after-school programming is an effective method to help young people become contributing members of society. Although there is enough proof from both small and large assessments that after-school programs can make a positive difference, it is important to note that not all programs are equal. First, dosage( 时量) matters —young people who attend the most hours over the most years benefit more than members who attend less often or over a shorter period of time. Next, after-school programs make bigger difference for those students who need help most and have the fewest choices. Finally, program qualities matter. After-school programs work best when they create unique opportunities for youth. They should provide opportunities for positive relationships, skill building, meaningful involvement( 参与 ), expression, suggestion, service, and work. Staff characteristics make an important difference in the quality of a program. The adults should treat youth as partners, create safe and fair environments, encourage personalized( 个性化的) involvement, and actively create learning opportunities. In short, although after-school programs have promising future, how they are designed and run matters. Quality After –school Programs Apart from making academic
a positive difference
performance (1) quality after-school programs are started for other (2) Quality after-school programs help youth become contributing members of society(4) There is in a (6) the Quality after-school programs (7) well in supporting all-around development.
after-school programs make, we should note that not all programs are equal.
Student s taking part
in the number of programs high-risk form better teen habits (5) behavior as greater a result of progress in after-school study. programs. 五、词组翻译
Student Not all s benefit (8) students are of because the the same. time attend different. they is (9)
Some the are
opportunities positive, (10) others not. are
1. （尤指声音、风、光）渐渐消失___________________________________________ 2. （物质特性和感情的）逐渐减弱，逐渐平息________________________________ 3. (一群生物)相继死去__________________________________________________ 4. (种族) 灭绝;(做法) 绝迹, 废除_________________________________________ 5. （消息）传开，到处走_________________________________________________ 6. 屈膝下跪____________________________________________________________ 7. 各付各的钱__________________________________________________________ 8. 越来越糟, 每况愈下___________________________________________________ 9. 爱好，从事（某种事业或活动）___________________________________________ 10. 从某种意义上说______________________________________________________ 11. 兴高采烈/情绪低落____________________________________________________ 12. 在……过程中________________________________________________________ 13. 朝着…. 的方向________________________________________________________ 14. 轮流________________________________________________________________ 15. 作为回报____________________________________________________________
一、单项选择 1 . —Tom almost ran into a pole yesterday while driving on the highway. —I suppose he too fast. A. had driven B. was driving C. drives 2. —How's your project work going, Jack?
D. has driven
. I'm half finished with it. B. It's up to you C. Never mind D. Forget it
A. So far so good
3. If unsolved, the problem of food safety may lead to more serious results. A. having left B. to leave C. left D. leaving 4. The workers insist that the company should take measures to improve their working condition. A. attractive B. effective C. impressive D. conservative 5. One of our rules is that every student wear the school uniform while at school. A. might B. could C. shall D. will 6. Economic growth in the world remains weak throughout 2013 and it is hoped that it will______ gradually in 2014. A. break up — A. Although B. make out C. work out D. pick up
7. —When will the visas be ready, sir? everything goes well, you should get them in 14 workdays. B. As far as C. Unless D. As long as it takes to be a great tennis player. In other words, she has the potential to
8. Helen has got
become world famous. A. how B. what C. when D. that 9. According to a UN report ，one third of the world population have no and health care. A. means B. approach C. channel
to clean drinking water D. access
10. —I‘m afraid I can‘t finish the book within this week. —Don‘t worry. . A. Please go ahead B. That‘s right C. Not at all D. Take your time 11. The more one is ____ the English-speaking environment, the better he or she will learn the language. A. exposed to B. filled in C. caught on D. kept up 12. Doctors strongly recommended that my father more exercise regularly instead of sitting still before a computer all day long. A. takes B. take C. took D. had taken 13. —Did you look up the time of the high-speed trains to Shanghai? —Yes, the early train is A. likely to leave at 5:30 a.m. B. possible C. due D. about
14. My visit to your school is really an unforgettable experience, I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what 15. There are solid reasons for China to claim ownership of the Diaoyu Islands, which lie about 200 miles A. to 二、完形填空 the eastern coast of our country. B. on C. off D. of
Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play? 1 an event takes place; newspapers are on the streets 2 the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, reports are on the spot to 3 the news. Newspapers have one
, to get the news as quickly as possible from its source, from those who make it to those who
want to 5 it. Radio, telegraph, television, and 6 inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication. 7 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 8 and thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 9 and read than ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping readers 10 of the latest news, today's newspapers 11 and influence readers about politics and other important and serious matters. Newspapers influence readers' economic choices 12 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very 13 .Newspapers are sold at a price that 14 even a small fraction of the cost of production. The main 15 of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The 16 in selling advertising depends on a newspaper's value to advertisers. This 17 in terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends 18 on the work of the circulation department and on the services or entertainment 19 in a newspaper's pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a new spaper's value to readers as a source of information 20 the community, city, country, state, nation, and world—and even outer space. 1.A.Just when B.While 2.A.to give 3.A.gather 4.A.reason 5.A.make 6.A.another 7.A.However 8.A.value 9.A.spread 10.A.inform B.giving B.spread B.cause B.publish B.other B.And B.ratio B.passed C.Soon after D.Before C.given C.carry C.problem D.being given D.bring D.purpose
C.know D.write C.one another D.the other C.Therefore D.So C.rate D.speed C.printed D.completed C.educate C.with C.contents C.course D.edit D.of D.purpose D.finance
B.be informed C.to be informed D.informed
11.A.entertain B.encourage 12.A.on B.through 13.A.forms B.existence 15.A.source B.origin
14.A.tries to cover B.manages to cover C.fails to cover D.succeeds in 16.A.way B.means 17.A.measures B.measured 18.A.somewhat B.little 19.A.offering 20.A.by 三、阅读理解 B.offered B.with C.chance D.success C.Is measured D.was measured C.much D.something C.which offered D.to be offered C.at D.about
A People have wondered for a long time how their personalities and behaviors are formed. It is not easy to explain why one person is intelligent and another is not, or why one is cooperative and another is competitive.
Social scientists are, of course, extremely interested in these types of questions. They want to explain why we possess certain characteristics and exhibit certain behaviors. There are no clear answers yet, but two distinct schools of thought on the matter have developed. As one might expect, the two approaches are very different from one another, and there is a great deal of debate between proponents of each theory. The controversy is often referred to as ―nature/nurture‖. Those who support the ―nature‖ side of the conflict b elieve that our personalities and behavior patterns are largely determined by biological and genetic factors. That our environment has little, if anything, to do with our abilities, characteristics, and behavior is central to this theory. Taken to an extreme, this theory maintains that our behavior is predetermined to such a degree that we are almost completely governed by our instincts. Proponents of the ―nurture‖ theory, or, as they are often called, behaviorists, claimed that our environment is more important than our biologically based instincts in determining how we will act. A behaviorist, B. F. Skinner, sees humans as beings whose behavior is almost completely shaped by their surroundings ．The behaviorists‘ view of the human being is quite mechanistic; they maintain that, like machines, humans‘ respond to environmental stimuli as the basis of their behavior. Either of these theories cannot yet fully explain human behavior. In fact, it is quite likely that the key to our behavior lies somewhere between these two extremes. That the controversy will continue for a long time is certain. 1. Which of the following statements would the supporters of the ―nature‖ theory agree with? A. A person‘s instincts have little effect on his actions. B. Environment is important in determining a person‘s behavior and personality. C. Biological reasons have a strong influence on how we act. D. The behaviorists‘ view correctly explains how we act. 2. Concerning the nature/nurture controversy, the writer of this article ______. A. supports the nature theory B. supports the nurture theory C. believes both are completely wrong D. thinks that the correct explanation of human behavior will take ideas from both theories. 3. In the United States, Black people often score below White people on intelligence tests. With this in mind, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Nature proponents would say that Whites are genetically superior to Blacks ． B. Supporters of the nature theory would say that Whites score well bec ause they have a superior environment． C. Behaviorists would say that Blacks often lack the educational and environmental advantages that Whites enjoy． D. Nurture proponents would disagree that Blacks are biologically inferior to Whites ． B The bears start to move in October, when longer nights chill Hudson Bay and snow starts to fly. Along the stony western shore, they head north over the salt marsh toward Cape Churchill. Hunting season is about to begin, after a four-month fast since the annual ice breakup in July. Almost all summer the bears have been in "walking hibernation, " sleeping in dens and occasionally wandering through a vast boggy lowland called Wapusk National Park, living mainly off their fat reserves. But soon shoreline ice will form. By walking north, the bears know they will find it-- their staple food—ringed seals —faster. In November when the ice usually thickens enough to walk on, hundreds of male bears and nonpregnant females wander far from shore, scanning and smelling breathing holes of careless seals. About 200 pregnant females remain behind, for Wapusk offers them excellent nurseries. More than half of Wapusk is bog( 沼泽), and some of the bog is 12 feet thick. It's perfect for polar bear maternity dens. Females have dug more than 1,200 in the area, one of the largest concentrations in the world. Land and ice are bound together for the polar bears of Wapusk, "white bear" in the Cree language. But the 4,431-square-mile (11,476-square-kilometer) park (nearly the size of Yellowstone and Yosemite
combined) also holds plenty of other species. It is the ecotone, the transition zone, between the forest and the open ice area. There are few places where polar bears, black bears, grizzly bear, moose, red fox, arctic fox, beluga whales offshore, and others overlap. The biological diversity of the area is huge. Almost 200 bird species breed here, or migrate through, including boreal owls, hawk owls, snowy owls, gyrfalcons, and peregrine falcons. Yet visitors to the area, more than 15,000 a year, stay west of Wapusk, in or near the town of Churchill. Fewer than a hundred visitors a year have come to Wapusk since it was created in 1996, partly for the protection of the bears and their denning habitat. The two areas are right next to each other, yet they're so different they might be two separate countries. 4. What do the polar bears eat during the four months from July to October? A. They eat all the seals they can catch from the water B. They eat the food they stored in dens C. They eat fat they reserved before D. They almost eat nothing. 5. What is true according to polar bears‘ hunting habit? A. Only male bears hunt, female bears, especially pregnant ones stay behind. B. Bears usually find seals through the breathing holes they left. C. Bears hunt together in groups D. When the ice forms, seals will come out for food when bears can catch them. 6. What is NOT TRUE according to the passage? A. Wapusk is perfect for pregnant bears for its thick bogs. B. Many different types of animal live in Wapusk because it is very big and rich in food. C. Only a small number of visitors visit the park yearly for the protec tion of the bears. D. Though they lie next to each other, Churchill and Wapusk are vastly different. 7. Where does this passage most probably appear? A. In a science magazine B. In a geography magazine C. In a biology magazine D. In a education magazine 四、词组翻译 1. 维持生活_______________________________________________ 2. 记住，想着_____________________________________________ 3. 跟上，及时了解（情况）_________________________________ 4. 尊敬___________________________________________________ 5. 观望, 旁观______________________________________________ 6. 回想，回顾_____________________________________________ 7. 看不起_________________________________________________ 8. 把……看作_____________________________________________ 9. 怀着……的期望_________________________________________ 10. 扮演……角色___________________________________________ 11. 正要……的时候_________________________________________ 12. 使某人想起_____________________________________________ 13. （用无线电，___________________________________________ 14. 查明，结帐_____________________________________________ 15. 分发，散发，用完_______________________________________ 五、书面表达 假设你在自己的学校―外地民工为城市的建设做出了很大贡献吗？‖的问题进行了调查。下面是对 部分学生调查的统计表，请你参照该表给校报写一篇英文调查报告，并简述自己的观点。 注意：词数：150 左右；民工：migrant workers
意见 赞同 不赞同 你的观点
百分比 70% 30%
原因 外地民工积极从事城里任不愿做的脏、危险的活 1. 外地民工让城市变得拥挤 2. 外地民工素质低，到处扔垃圾，把城市弄脏 3. 找不到工作的外地民工可能成为小偷 （内容自拟）
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一、单项选择 1. — What do you think we should do after dinner?[来源:学, 科, 网 Z,X,X,K] — Why don't we get _______ beer at the Karaoke bar down the street? It is kind of _______fun to hear all the band singing． A．a; / B． a; a C．the; a D．a; the 2. Go and do it right now, and you _____ have my help when in trouble. A. will B. shall C. should D. must 3. — Can I help you? — Yes, I‘m looking for a pen. — We have some new arrivals for you to ______ A. select B. choose C. pick out D. choose from 4. Tom is clever at numbers and I think he will ________ an excellent accountant. A. make B. turn C. appear D. grow 5. Luckily, the old man was sent to the hospital in time. Three minutes later and he _______. A. would die B. was to die C. should have died D. would have died
6. ______ saw the film at the cinema, he stayed home, sleeping A. Rather B. Instead C. Rather than D. Contrary to 7. The moment he came into his room, he ______ something wrong, though he couldn‘t tell. A. noticed B. sensed C. felt D. smelt 8. — How would you like your steak? A. Terrible B. Delic ious — Oh, _______. C. Hard to eat D. Half done
9. Whom would you rather _______ with you to the library? A. went B. have go C. have gone D. go 10. By the time you get to the airport, I ______ for you at the gate. A. will have waited B. will have been waiting C. will be waiting 11. My sister ________ for long when she fell seriously ill. D. am waiting
A. didn‘t marry B. has been married C. hadn‘t been married D. wasn‘t married 12. ______ the same story many times, my little brother can now tell it himself. [来源:学 A. Telling B. Having told C. Being told D. Having been told 13. With the bridge ______next year, it will be easier to come to and go from the village. A. to build B. to be built C. built D. being built 14. To finish the task on time, I think we should _______ and cooperate. A. join together B. connect C. join hand D. join forces 15. — I think it was his excitement for his success in the first half that led to his eventual failure in the game. — You bet. Old sayings never fail, ―________‖ A. Failure is the mother of success B. Pride goes before a fall C. A hero is nothing but a product of his time 二、完形填空 D. A fall into the pit, a gain in the wit
Several pieces of advice I've gotten in my life have really made a difference to me. ―Be 1 to people. ‖ This sounds quite common, but I‘ll never 2 my father telling me that. I was ten, and I had been mean to someone. He said, "There is no 3 in being mean to anyone at any time. You never know who you're going to meet later in life. 4 , you don't change anything by being mean. _5 you don't get anywhere. ―6 that you can do anything you want to do. Don't let anyone say, 'You ‘re not 9 7 enough…it‘s 10 too hard…it‘s a stupid advice in 1973. And it direction． "Always do the 11 8 …no one has done that before…girls don‘t do that. ‖ My mom gave me that me to never worry about what others were saying about my
job you can do at whatever you're assigned, even if you think it's 12_." Jerry
Parkinson, an assistant advertising manager and my boss at P&G, told me this in 1979. Here I had just 13 from Ha rva rd Business School（HBS）, and I was assigned to determine 14 the hole in the Ivory shampoo bottle should be: 3/8 of an inch or 1/8 of an inch. I did research, focus groups… and I would come home at night 15 how I had gone from HBS to this. But later I realized that any job you're given is a（n） 16 to prove yourself. "Don't be a credit hog ( 吝惜赞扬的人). If you're 17
in the neighborhood of good things, good
things will 18 told me this. It's
to you．" Tom Tierney, who was my boss at Bain in 1981 and is now on the eBay board, 19 — you get ahead by crediting ( 赞扬) other people．
Finally, in 19 98, I was in New York 20 the big celebration as eBay went public. My husband is a doctor. I called into his operating room and told him the great news. And he said, "That's nice." 1 ． A．honest B．nice C．patient D．loyal 2． A．forget B． imagine C．hear D．miss 3． A．use 4． A．In addition 5． A．Rarely 6． A．Guess 7． A．pretty 8． A．effort 9． A．allowed 10．A．marriage 11． A．first 12．A．exciting 13．A．returned 14．A．how much 15．A．wondering 16．A．approach 17．A． instantly 18．A．fall 19．A．true 20．A．holding 三、阅读理解 B．good B．In case B． Usually B．Forget B．smart B．result B．challenged B．career B．best B． impossible B． left B．how often B．confusing B．opportunity B． likely B．happen B．false B．seeing C．need C．In return C．Nearly C．Remember C．strong C．support C．pressed C．entertainment C．hardest C．boring C．applied C．how big C．seeking C．means C．constantly C．refer C．meaningful C．joining A The Japanese economy is at a standstill, the Japanese government has said, as concerns about the strong yen( 日元） continue to grow. The recovery in the economy was ―pausing"， the Cabinet Office said in a monthly statement. It is the most negative that the government has been about the economy in nearly two years. The rising yen and a slowdown in global demand for Japanese exports were blamed for the setback. In recent months, the government has insisted that the economy is ―picking up". But it said it now expected the economy to remain weak for some time, with ―weakening" exports a chief concern. It said shipments to Asia in particular were becoming weaker, further hitting exporters that are already suffering from the strong yen. The yen remains near a 15-year high against the US dollar, despite the financial interference in the currency markets last month for the first time in six years. Japanese Prime Min ister Naoto Kan( 菅直人） has also passed a $ 63 billion stimulus( 剌激）package in an effort to protect exporters who have seen the poor exchange rate eat into their profits. At the close of markets in Tokyo ，the yen was trading at 81.44 yen to the dollar, just off the high of 81.27 yen.
D．point D ．In general D．Unfortunately D．Prove D．quick D．idea D．pushed D．major D．easiest D．interesting[来源 :学* D．graduated D．how deep D．consulting D．occasion D．hurriedly D．turn D．reasonable D．attending
"If the economy turns out as expected, we may end up describing the current situation as a soft patch，‖ one of the government officials said ‘ ― But if it comes under further downward pressure, it could end up slipping into recession (衰退).‖ 1. The Japanese government think the current bad economy situation is partly due to_____. A. the decline of the strong yen C. the government' s mistaken policy B. the unsatisfactory exports D. the decline in the quality of goods
2. In recent months, the government has a(n)_____ attitude towards the economy situation. A. shocking B. negative C. optimistic D. aggressive 3. From the passage we know the government has taken measures mainly to_____. A. protect the foreign markets C. monitor the yen exchange rate A. a government white paper C. a travel journal B. protect profits of its hitting exporters D. stimulate domestic demands
4. The passage could probably be found in______. B. a science fiction D. a detective story B Three-Dimensional(3D) movies have been becoming more and more popular in recent years ．It seems 3D TV sets may be going into family households in the near future．While new digital 3D technology has made the experience more comfortable for many, for some with eye problems, long 3D viewing may result in an aching head, doctors say ． "There are a lot of people walking around with very minor eye problems, which under normal situations, the brain deals with naturally," said Dr Michael Rosenberg, an ophthalmologist( 眼科医师)in Chicago． He said in a 3D movie, these people face a completely new sensory experience ．"That translates into greater mental effort, making it easier to get a headache," Rosenberg told Reuters ． In normal vision, each eye sees things at a slightly different angle．"When that gets processed in the brain, that creates the perception ( 感觉) of depth," said Dr Deborah Friedman, an ophthalmologist in New York．The images people see in three dimensions in the movies are not calibrated( 校准的) in the same way that their eyes and brain are．"If your eyes are a little off to begin with, then it's really throwing a whole degree of effort that your brain now needs to exert ( 竭尽全力)," he said． Dr John Hagan, a Kansas City ophthalmologist, said some people who do not have normal depth perception cannot see in 3D at all． He said people with eye muscle problems, in which the eyes are not pointed at the same object, have trouble processing 3D images ． Rock Heineman, a spokesman for RealD, a provider of 3D equipment to theaters, said headaches and nausea were the main reasons 3D technology never took off ． Heineman said older 3D technology used two film projectors( 放映机), one that projected a left-eye image and one that projected a right-eye image．Three-D glasses would allow viewers to see a different image in each eye．"People often complained of headaches and it was really because the projectors weren‘t lined up," Heineman said． Now his company has developed a new single digital projector, which switches between the lef t and the right-eye image 144 times a second, to help overcome some of the old problems ．
"By going to a single digital projector, those problems were solved," he said ．Friedman said he thinks most people will do fine with 3D movies and with 3D TVs, but Ros enberg said people may be quickly tired of the novelty ( 新鲜事物). "I suspect there will be a lot of people who say it's sort of neat, but it's not really comfortable," he said ． 5．The text is mainly about ____． A．the reasons why people like 3D movies B．how to improve 3D technology C．the development of 3D technology in recent years D．causes of headaches and nausea when people watch 3D movies 6．The underlined phrase "took off" could be replaced by "______"． A．became popular B．flew in the sky C．left hurriedly 7．This article implies that _____ ． A．people do not like new things like 3D movies B．3D TVs will completely take the place of old TV sets C．3D technology is the most important technology ever D．those with eye muscle problems should not watch 3D movies 8．We can learn from what Rosenberg said in the last paragraph that______. A．a single digital projector could solve all the problems with 3D technology B．people will gradually become comfortable w ith 3D movies and TVs C．the appeal of 3D movies and TVs may fade D．most people will actually enjoy the 3D experience 四、任务型阅读 For thousands of years, the most important two buildings in any British village have been the church and the pub. In fact，if a place doesn‘t have a church and a pub, it isn‘t really considered a community worthy of a name. Traditionally, the church and the pub are at the heart of any village or town, since it is where people gather to give and receive news. In fact, the word ―pub‖ is short for public house'. That's how it used to be, but things are beginning to change. It is said that the credit decline is causing39 British pubs a week to go out of business. People don‘t have lots of spare money to spend on beer. Recently, the UK government banned smoking in all pubs, and that may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs. This decline is happening despite the fact that in 2005 the UK government started to allow pubs to stay open after 11 p. m. Previously ，with 11 p. m. as closing time，customers would have to drink quite quickly， meaning they sometimes got more drunk than they would if allowed to drink slowly. The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known as ，binge drinking ( 狂饮), and it causes some long - term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for communities. The UK government is changing the law to discourage binge drinking, and regularly spends money on television advertisements to warn people of the problems of drinking too much. In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to change with the market. Now, there are a number of different types of pubs. As you can see, British pubs now offer something for everyone. A lot of pubs
D．removed one's clothes
used to be working men' s clubs, meaning that women could not usually enter. Today, however, women can freely enter 99% of pubs without experiencing any problems. Perhaps things are changing for the better after all. Topic The Decline of British Pub Culture
The important( 1) ?People won't entitle an community a name (2) _______ there is a church _______of churches and a pub. and pubs in people' s ?They are the places where people gather to (3) _______news. daily life in the UK The (4)_______ of the decrease of the pub business (8) _______ to save the business Conclusion 五、词组翻译 1. 分发______________________________________________________ 2. 伸出______________________________________________________ 3. 挑出______________________________________________________ 4. 指出______________________________________________________ 5. 扑灭，关熄________________________________________________ 6. 用完______________________________________________________ 7. 发出，开始________________________________________________ 8. 算出，解决，制定出________________________________________ 9. 精疲力竭__________________________________________________ 10. 开始（着手）做\____________________________________________ 11. 视为当然，想必是__________________________________________ 12. 订阅，使上当，收留，吸收__________________________________ 13. 呈现一片新面貌____________________________________________ 14. 拿起武器__________________________________________________ 15. 不听（不理睬）____________________________________________ ?The credit decline is said to cause many pubs to(5) _______down. ?Smoking is not (6) _______ in all pubs, which may have had an effect on the business. ?The government is trying hard to (7) _______binge drinking. ?Pubs are making (9) _______ to meet the needs of the market. ?As a woman in the UK nowadays, you can (10) _______ a drink in almost all the pubs. Things are changing for the better probably from now on.
一、单项选择 1. This is by far _______ movie that I have ever seen in the last few years. A. a much inspiring B. the most inspiring C. a most inspiring 2. Peter‘s jacket looked just the same as Jack‘s, but it cost ______. A. as much twice as his B. much twice as him C. twice as much as his 3. I make $2,000 a week. 60 surely won‘t make _____ difference to me. A. that big a B. that a big C. a that big D. the that big D. the more inspiring D. as twice much as him
4. In ancient times, people rarely traveled long distances and most farmers only traveled ______ the local market. A. longer than B. more than C. as much as D. as far as 5. If we leave right away, ______ we‘ll arrive on time before the sunset. A. curiously B. occasionally C. hopefully D. gradually 6. David ______ animal fur, so he won‘t visit anyone who has cats or dogs in the house. A. is curious about B. is fond of C. is satisfied with D. is allergic to 7. If what your friend comes up with surprises you, don‘t reject it immediately___, imagine that it is true. A. Thus B. Besides C. Rather D. Otherwise 8. Interest is as ______ to learning as the ability to understand, even more so. A. available B. vital C. specific D. similar 9. He didn‘t selfishly keep for himself the money inherited from his uncle. Instead, he made a ______ contribution to helping the community. A. commercial B. generous C. comparable D. profitable 10. Those poor and needy teenagers were excited to find a shop at the corner where they could buy ______ priced bikes. A. affordably B. reasonably C. recently 11. -- Can you lend me the book Gone with the Wind? D. competitively
-- Sorry, I returned it to the library just now. Maybe it is still ______. A. accessible B. available C. affordable D. acceptable 12. --V olunteering is becoming ______ popular in China. -- Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves. A. naturally B. splendidly C. successfully D. increasingly 13. Compared with his sister, Jerry is even more ______ to, and more _____ troubled by emotional and relationship problem. A. addicted; easy B. sensitive; eas ily C. skeptical; easy D. available; easily 14. In this lecture, I can only give you a purely ______ view of how we can live life to the full and make some suggestions about the future. A. private B. particular has just graduated from college. A. particular B. special 二、完形填空 C. personal D. vivid
15. She has already tried her best. Please don‘t be too _____ about her job. After all, she is only 21 and C. especial D. specific
I was loading my truck to go to the flea market( 跳蚤市场)when a hook( 钩子) on one of the bungees bent and broke back into my left eye. The __1_ was like a hot sword which had been stuck through my head. I fell down on my hands and knees, and _2__ I saw blood dripping, I knew it was _3__. They __4_ me to Erlanger Hospital, where there's a special eye center ．The _5_ there operated on me several times but couldn't save my eye．When they told me the news, I wanted to _6_． Even after I got my prosthetic eye ( 义眼), I couldn't _7_ off the depression． To make matters worse, I lost my job as a transportation officer for the Tennessee Department of Children's Services because of __8_ about my driving ability． But one morning, I woke up and the TV was _9_, and there was a 16-year-old girl．She had been _10_ burned on her face, hands, and legs and was learning to walk again．She _11_ a big smile and seemed to look right at me and said, "You can't ever give up ．" At that moment, I thought, this is just a （n） _12_．Get over it．And I __13_． It's been almost 12 years since my __14_, and there isn't anything I can't do now that I used to do．Although I didn't get my _15_ job back, I could do something else to_16_ a happy life． I read a _17_ once where a man was feeling bad because he had no _18_, until he met a man who had no feet． No matter how destroying your problem is, _19_ there's always someone somewhere who's worse off ．__20_ having just one eye, I see things a lot more clearly now ． 1．A．fight B．pain C．injury D．wound 2．A．before 3．A．bad 4．A．forced 5．A．surgeons 6．A．rise 7．A．set 8．A．possibilities 9．A．off 10．A．badly 11． A．developed 12．A．ear 13．A．worked 14．A．accident 15．A．new 16．A．build 17．A．humor 18．A．clothes 19．A．remember 20．A．Through 三、阅读理解 A When Matthew Jones decided to donate a kidney ( 肾)to a stranger, the Michigan father of five had no idea he'd be starting a life-saving "pay-it-forward" chain.
B．though B．good B．passed B．tailors B．stay B．shake B．decisions B．up B．carefully B．covered B． eye B．stopped B． experiment B．hard B． lead B． joke B． jackets B．forget B．Despite
C．because C．strange C．took C．psychologists C．leave C．turn C．chances C．on C．finally C．enjoyed C．arm C．did C．argument C．easy C．search C．poem C．shoes C．promise C．Without
D．when D．lucky D．gave D．dentists D．die D．leave D．concerns D．down D．hardly D．wore D．nose D．helped D．quarrel D．former D．avoid D．story D．trousers D．prove D．Beyond
His kidney donation to a Phoenix woman in 2007 set off a long-running organ donation that resulted in 10 sick people getting new kidneys over a year. It hasn't ended yet. Jones, who lives in Petoskey, Michigan, heard a news report about a man giving a kidney to a stranger and thought he'd like to do that, too. He worked with a transplant center in Buffalo, NY , but no match worked out. He ultimately( 最后) was referred to Dr Michael Rees, a transplant surgeon at University of Toledo Nedical Center, who was trying to design an advanced living-donor pairing system. It paired the 30-year-old Jones with Barb Bunnell, a 53-year-old Arizona woman whose husband wanted to donate a kidney to her but was incompatible. Just after the July 18, 2007 surgery, Jones recalls feeling "like a truck had run over me". But he was well enough to go to a Diamondbacks baseball game five days later. Bunnell's grateful husband, Ron, then became what Rees believes is the world's first "bridge" donor, meaning he donated his kidney later. Ron Bunnell was on a plane a week later to give his kidney to a 32-year-old Toledo woman, Angie Heckman. She's a waitress at a bar ow ned by her mother, Laurie Sarvo. Sarvo then gave a kidney to a woman in Columbus, Ohio, whose daughter then became the fourth donor in the chain. On it ran through patient-donor pairs including two more married couples, a daughter and father, and two friends. The last operation was done last March, with a 60-year-old woman in Toledo getting a kidney from a Baltimore donor. That recipient's( 接受者) daughter wants to donate a kidney, but a match hasn't worked out yet. "There's a very good possibility that when I'm dead and gone, this chain will still be going on," Jone said. 1.What made Jones decide to donate his kidney? A. His plan to start a life-saving kidney donation chain. B. His plan to start a living-donor pairing system. C. The example of a man who had donated a kidney. D. The example of a man who had taken part in a donating chain. 2.The underlined word "incompatible" in Para.5 probably means "____________". A. of different types B. with health problems C. for a better use D. in good condition 3. According to the text, " 'bridge' donor" refers to _______________. A. a person who introduces a kidney donor to a patient in need B. a person who donates a kidney after his family member receives one C. a person who does the operation of moving a kidney D. a person who is responsible for matching different types of kidneys. 4. Which of the following shows the RIGHT donor-patient relationship? A. Matthew Jones---Michael Rees; Barb Bunnell---Ron Bunnell. B. Matthew Jones---Michael Rees; Angie Heckman---a woman in Toledo. C. Matthew Jones---Barb Bunnell; Ron Bunnell---Laurie Sarvo. D. Matthew Jones---Barb Bunnell; Laurie Sarvo---a woman in Columbus. 5.What can be inferred about the kidney donation chain?
A. It was started in 2007, and ended in 2008. B. It has included three couples up to now. C. It encourages family members to help each other directly. D. It has caused great debate among doctors. B Heading off to college this year? Here are some fashion tips from our experts you should keep in mind: Dress to impress: Stylist and business consultant Daniela Smith says, ―Girls should keep in mind that your college professors will often be the bridge that connects you to your future career and your classmates will become your professional network. You don‘t need to dress like you‘re going to the office, but you should display an ability to properly present yourself with appropriate maturity and confidence, and look put together.‖ Logo mania (品牌狂热症): Wearing the logos of brands aimed at younger customers physically identifies you as part of that age group, so consider the targeted age group of the stores you shop at. It‘s tempting to load up on logos, especially well-known logos that signify( 意味着)high-end brands. But consider this: college is a time of self-discovery, a chance to develop your own personal style. Instead of wearing logos head to toe, ―walking advertisement‖-style, why not express who you really are? Wear real pants! The combination of leggings and baggy shirts is all too common on college campuses. Smith points out that leggings, yoga pants, and sweatpants are entirely unacceptable in public unless you‘re exercising. Although leggings worn as pants are a common trend among high sch ool and college girls, they are not an appropriate choice for daywear. As a young woman, your style choice should begin to reflect your maturity level. So, get rid of leggings and wear real pants! Keep the cute factor to a minimum: Stay away from sweaters and T-shirts with smiling animals, cartoon characters, or Hello Kitty on them. Sure, kittens might be cute, but they‘re not doing you any favors in the style department. Dressing too cutesy( 故意讨人喜爱的) can take years off your look, and not necessarily in a good way! 6. The second paragraph indicates the importance of ________. A. impressing professors B. getting on well with classmates C. creating a professional image D. dressing appropriately 7. The author believes that college girls should ________. A. choose a logo that suits their age B. try to load up on well-known logos C. use logos to show who they are D. find their identity by trying different logos 8. The author recommends wearing real pants because ________. A. leggings and baggy shirts are too common B. yoga pants and sweatpants are not as comfortable C. real pants can present you with appropriate maturity D. people like real pants better than the other pants 9. What‘s the writer‘s attitude towards sweaters with animals on them? A. They make people look lovely. B. They are very fashionable these days.
C. They will show you‘re an animal lover. D. They are not suitable for college-aged students. 10. In which magazine would you most likely find this passage? A. Business Week . B. Parents. C. In style. D. Travel & Leisure. 四、任务型阅读 Many people catch a cold in the springtime or fall. It makes us wonder if scientists can send a man to the moon, why can't they find a cure for the common cold? The answer is easy. There are actually hundreds of kinds of cold viruses out there. You never know which one you will get, so there isn't a cure for each one. When a virus attacks your body, your body works hard to get rid of it. Blood rushes to your nose and cause a block in it. You feel terrible because you can't breathe well, but your body is actually eating the virus. Your temperature goes up and you get a fever, but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a runny nose to stop the virus from getting into your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is doing everything it can to kill the cold. Different people have different cures for colds. In the United States and some other countries, for example, people might eat chicken soup to make themselves feel better. Some people take hot baths and drink warm liquids. Other people take medicine to stop various symptoms of colds. There is one interesting thing to note some scientists say taking medicines when you have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body doesn't have a way to fight it and kill it. Bodies can do an amazing job on their own. There is a joke, however, on taking medicine when you have a cold. It goes like this: It takes about one week to cure a cold if you don't take medicine, but it takes only seven days to cure a cold if you take medicine. Title Introduction How Much You Know About the Common (1) ______ ◆ People catch a cold (2) ______ in spring or fall. ◆A (3) ______ of cold viruses exist everywhere. ◆ It is hard to find a cure for each cold. ◆ The body's blood as well as its temperature (4) ______, The symptoms of the common cold The ways of causing a fever. ◆You will find that you have some difficulty (5) _______ ◆You have a runny nose, which makes you feel miserable. ◆ Drinking chicken soup to help you (7)_______. ◆ Taking a hot bath and drinking warm liquids. ◆ Taking some medicine. ◆ Taking medicine when having a cold will do (9) ______ to the (8) _______ made by scientists. 五、词组翻译
(6)_______with the common cold
body. ◆ Taking medicine or not will take you one week to (10) ______over the common cold..
1. 厌倦_______________________________________________________ 2. 随机_______________________________________________________ 3. 热切的开始做某事___________________________________________ 4. 对真相有所隐瞒_____________________________________________ 5. 跟进_______________________________________________________ 6. 使某人略占优势_____________________________________________ 7. 心慌，紧张_________________________________________________ 8. 安然脱困___________________________________________________ 9. 直视某人___________________________________________________ 10. 脱口而出地_________________________________________________ 11. 作为对…回应_______________________________________________ 12. 隔靴搔痒___________________________________________________ 13. 成为重要新闻_______________________________________________ 14. 处于关键时刻_______________________________________________ 15. 迫切要求，反复争取_________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. I think your composition is not as interesting as his but yours is ______ in writing. A. the best organized B. so organized as C. better organized D. as organized as 2. The research lacks _____ evidence, and therefore, its conclusion are doubtful. A. fierce B. severe C. potential D. solid 3. -- How was your recent visit to Qingdao? -- It was great. We visited some friends, including Laura, a___ girl, and spent ___ days at the seaside. A. Spanish pretty little; last few sunny C. pretty little Spanish; last few sunny B. pretty Spanish little; few last sunny D. little Spanish pretty; sunny few last D. hungry and tiredly
4. After the long journey, the three of them went back home, ______. A. hungrily and tiredly B. hungry and tired C. hungrily and tired 5. -It was a nice house, but ______ too small for a family of five. A. Rarely B. rather C. fairly 6. -- You don‘t seem to be quite yourself today. What‘s wrong? D. pretty
-- Oh, I‘m suffering form a cold. Nothing serious, ______. A. yet B. indeed C. anyway D．though 7. I‘m trying to do what is best, but ______ I have got to consider the cost. A. equally B. merely C. mostly
8. The volunteers will do _____ to help those injured in the earthquake. A. everything possible humanly B. everything humanly possible C. humanly possible everything D. humanly everything possible 9. A ______ small number of female graduates can get employed when they go job-hunting, compared with male ones. A. roughly B. respectively C. relatively D. gradually
10. Which of the following is NOT correct? A. It is possible that he will ring me tonight. C. He is likely to ring me tonight. B. He will probably ring me tonight. D. He is probable to ring me tonight.
11. Samuel can‘t help having a big nose. It is ______ of him to be curious about others. A. considerate B. unique C. typical D. constant 12. -- Steve applied for a college. He wanted to go ______ but to Cornell University. -- Oh, why not Harvard? A. nowhere B. anywhere C. everywhere D. somewhere
13. You can‘t go out because it‘s a stormy night. ______, your homework hasn‘t been done. A. However B. Therefore C. Moreover D. Nevertheless 14. I have promised to get round ______ our lawn mower one day. A. to repair B. to repairing C. to have repaired D. to having repaired 15. It‘s revealed that ______ dogs barking incessantly in the night that we dislike most. A. there are B. these are C. it is D. that is 二、完形填空 Recently，I flew to Las V egas to attend a meeting. As we were about to arrive ，the pilot announced with apology that there would be a slight l before setting down. High desert winds had 2 the airport to close all but one runway. He said that we would be 3 the city for a few minutes waiting to 4 We were also told to remain in our seats meanwhile with our seat belts fastened 5 there might be a few bumps( 颠簸)．Well，that few minutes turned into about four—five minutes ， including a ride that would make a roller coaster( 过山车) 6 by comparison. The movement was so fierce that several passengers felt 7 and had to use airsickness bags. As you might guess ，that‘s not good thing to have happen in a(n) 8 space because it only 9 to increase the discomfort of the situation. About twenty minutes into the adventure，the entire airplane became very 10 .There was now a sense of anxiety and fear that could be 11 noticed． Every passenger simply held on f or dear life …except one. A 12 was having a good time! With each bump of the 13 !he would let out a giggle( 咯咯的 笑)of delight As I observed this ，I 14 that he didn‘t know he was supposed to be afraid and worried about his 15. He neither thought about the past nor about the future. Those are what we grown —ups have learned from 16 . He was 17 the ride because he had not yet been taught to fear it. Having understood this ，I took a deep breath and 18 back into my seat，pretending I was 19 on a roller coaster. I smiled for the rest of the flight. I even 20 to giggle once or twice , much to the chagrin( 随恼)of the man sitting next to me holding the airsickness bag. 1. A. mistake B. delay C. change
2. A. forced 3. A. watching 4. A. arrive 5. A. if 6. A. light 7. A. sick 8. A. empty 9. A. happens 10. A. quiet 11. A. partly 12. A. pilot 13. A. seats 14. A. realized 15. A. health 16. A. teachers 17. A. learning 18. A. sat 19. A. nearly 20. A. attempted 三、阅读理解
B. warned C. swept B. vis iting C. circling
D. reminded D. crossing
B. enter C. stop D. land B. though C. because D. while B. pale C. easy D. quick B. nervous C. angry D. afraid B. narrow C. secret D. open[来源:学&科&网 Z&X&X&K] B. continues B. hot B. gradually B. baby B. hoped B. safety B. books B. taking B. lay B. finally B. managed C. fails C. dirty C. shortly C. guard C. agreed C. joy C. missing C. went C. really C. wanted D. serves D. crowded D. clearly D. man D. airplane D. insisted D. future D. enjoying D. rode D. suddenly D. decided
B. passengers C. flight
C. experience D. practice
A I grew up in a house where the TV was seldom turned on and with one wall in my bedroom entirely lined with bookshelves, most of my childhood was spent on books I could get hold of. In fact, I grew up thinking of reading as natural as breathing and books unbelievably powerful in shaping perspectives ( 观 点) by creating worlds we could step into, take part in and live in. With this unshakable belief, I, at fourteen, decided to become a writer. Here too, reading became useful. Every writer starts off knowing that he has something to say, but being unable to find the right ways to say it. He has to find his own voice by reading widely and discovering which parts of the writers he agrees or disagrees with, or agrees with so strongly that it reshapes his own world. He cannot write without loving to read, because only through reading other people‘s writing can one discover what works, what doesn‘t and, in the end, together with lots of practice, what voice he has. Now I am in college, and have come to realize how important it is to read fiction ( 文学作品)．As a law student, my reading is in fact limited to subject matter —the volume ( 量) of what I have to read for classes every week means there is little time to read anything else. Such reading made it all the clearer to me that I live in a very small part in this great place called life. Reading fiction reminds me that there is life beyond my own. It allows me to travel across the high seas and along the Silk Road, all from the comfort of my own armchair, to experience, though secondhand, exciting experiences that I wouldn't necessarily be able to have in my lifetime. 1. What can be inferred about the author as a child? A. He never watched TV . B. He read what he had to.
C. He found reading unbelievable. D. He considered reading part of his life. 2. The underlined word "voice" in the second paragraph most probably means ― ‖. [来源:Z § A. an idea B. a sound quality C. a way of writing 3. What effect does reading have on the author? D. a world to write about
A. It helps him to realize his dream. B. It opens up a wider world for him. C. It makes his college life more interesting. D. It increases his interest in worldwide travel. 4. Which of the following can be the best title of this text? A. Why do I read? B. How do I read? B Boiler rooms are often dirty and steamy, but this one is clean and cool. Fox Point is a very new 47-unit living building in South Bronx, one of the city‘s poorest areas. Two-thirds of the people living there are formerly ( 以前) homeless people, whose rent is paid by the government. The rest are low-income families. The boiler room has special equipment, which produces energy for electricity and heat. It reuses heat that would otherwise be lost to the air, reducing carbon emissions( 碳排放)while also cutting costs. Fox Point is operated by Palladia, a group that specializes in providing housing and services to needy people. Palladia received support from Enterprise Community Partners (ECP), which helps build affordable housing by providing support to housing developers. ECP has created national standards for healthy, environmentally ( 环境方面) clever and affordable homes which are called the Green Communities Standards. These standards include water keeping, energy saving and the use of environmentally friendly building materials. Meeting the standards increases housing construction costs by 2%, which is rapidly paid back by lower running costs. Even the positioning of a window to get most daylight can help save energy. Michael Bloomberg, New York's mayor, plans to create 165,000 affordable housing units for500,000 New Yorkers. Almost 80% of New York City‘s greenhouse -gas emissions come from buildings, and 40% of those are caused by housing. So he recently announced that the city‘s Department of Housing and Preservation and Development (DHPD), whose duty is to develop and keep the city‘s supply of affordable housing, will require all its new projects to follow ECP‘s gree n standards. Similar measures have been taken by other cities such as Cleveland and Denver, but New York‘s DHPD is the largest city developer of affordable housing in the country. 5. What is the purpose of describing the boiler room in the first paragraph? A. To explain the measures the city takes to care for poor people. B. To suggest that affordable housing is possible in all areas. C. To show how the environment-friendly building works. D. To compare old and new boiler rooms. 6. What is an advantage of the buildings meeting the Green Communities Standards? A. Lower running costs. C. Less air to be lost in hot days. 7. It can be learned from the text that A. New York City is seriously polluted
C. What do I read?
D. When do I read?
B. Costing less in construction. D. Better prices for homeless people.
B. people‘s daily life causes many carbon emissions in New York City C. a great number of people in New York City don't have houses to live in D. some other cities have developed more affordable housing than New York City 8. What is the main purpose of this text? A. To call on people to pay more attention to housing problems. B. To prove that some standards are needed for affordable housing. C. To ask society to help homeless people and low -income families.[来源:Z|xx|k.Com] D. To introduce healthy, environmentally clever-and affordable housing. 四、任务型阅读 When Percy Spencer invented the microwave, it changed the world greatly. People would no longer have to wait endless hours while cooking their food in an old-fashioned oven. Instead, using the microwave has allowed them to cook food in just seconds. According to the medical website mercola.com, just about ―ninety percent of Americans have microwaves in their homes‖. However, is this convenient invention as perfec t as it seems? There are many reports of microwaves changing the original qualities of the food, which can cause cancer as well as changes in the body. ―Electro-magnetic ( 电磁的 ) radiation harms food, and changes substances cooked in it to dangerous products,‖ Dr. Lita Lee – chemist, nutritionist, author and lecturer – wrote in her book, Health Effects of Microwave Radiation – Microwave Ovens (1991). However, the microwave is not only for food; microwaves are used in medicine as well. For example, it warms heating pads and used to warm blood used in transfusions ( 输血). Norma Levitt, a hip surgery patient in an Oklahoma hospital (1991), died after blood being heated for her transfusion was altered in the microwave. A lawsuit followed and because of this incident, blood is no longer heated in the microwave. Regardless of what has happened, big companies still claim that microwaves are great machines that have caused trouble to ―few people‖ and have had ―few consequences‖. However, people should decide if saving a few minutes is more important than preventing cancerous cells from entering the body. Dr. Jonathan Wright, Medical Director of Tahoma Clinic in Renton, Washington, considers the microwave unhealthy and recommends some alternatives. ―Try eating a lot of your food, like vegetables, uncooked. Ideally, at least one -third of the food in your diet should be uncooked, since this is the form that will give you the maximum amount of nutrients. If you do want to cook some food or heat up leftovers, use your stove (火炉),‖ he said. These alternative cooking styles may take a little time from your day, but can help you lead a healthier and more stable lifestyle. These methods will allow you to get the most nutrients from your food, as well. Health is not valued till s ickness comes. In today‘s fast -paced modern world, we should have more consideration towards peoples‘ health. Title Brief (1)________ Microwave: not necessarily safe (2)________ of the microwave: Percy Spencer Advantage of the microwave: saving (3)________percentage of Americans having microwaves: about 90%
Fact: Electro-magnetic radiation is (4)_______ to food and can change substances to dangerous products. Result: The microwave can (5)_______ the qualities of food, which may Disadvantages of the microwave Results: A blood transfusion caused the (7)_______ of a patient. A lawsuit was brought and the microwave has never been (8)________ in medicine ever since. Dr. Wright‘s opinion Author‘s attitude To avoid harm from the microwave, people should eat more food without being (9)_______ and use stoves instead of the microwave if necessary. We should (10)_______ more about health than convenience. cause cancer. Fact: The blood was (6)_______ in the microwave before being transfused.
四、词组翻译 1. 消除过去的污点__________________________________________ 2. 外出寻找发财机会________________________________________ 3. 随心所欲________________________________________________ 4. 脱离，分离______________________________________________ 5. 打工，受雇于人__________________________________________ 6. 以…为中心______________________________________________ 7. 追溯到__________________________________________________ 8. 绞尽脑汁________________________________________________ 9. 大雨倾盆________________________________________________ 10. 庆祝胜利________________________________________________ 11. 上下颠倒________________________________________________ 12. 保持尊严________________________________________________ 13. 聚首商议________________________________________________ 14. 独立于__________________________________________________ 15. 消磨时光________________________________________________ 五、书面表达 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 左右的英语短文。 Honesty is one of the most treasured traditional values in China. The children are taught to be honest when they are very young. At schools the students are also instructed to be honest. However, with the development of society, we often hear complaints about dishonesty. Reports with the theme of dishonesty often appear in the media. For example, some people try to get rich and live a comfortable life. But they do not work hard honestly, instead they cheat others. They sell something quite ordinary at a very high price. Some people's delaying paying back the loan can serve as another example. Some people, including some college students, get loan from the bank, and promise to pay within, say, 3 years. However, they don't do that. The dishonest people sometimes can get benefit from their behaviors. So some people assert that
dishonesty can bring people benefit, while honesty only makes people suffer. Is that so? Definitely not. It is always true that honesty is the best policy. It pays to be honest. The cheater selling "the treasure" mentioned above will surely be disclosed and punished some day. On the contrary, if he had been honest, neither the buyer nor he himself would have suffered. The people who do not return money in time will sooner or later become infamous, and will not get the money from others again. If he had acted differently, he would have earned respect and trust, meanwhile, the bank would not have suffered from loss. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括短文的要点。 2. 然后以约 120 个词就―诚实‖的主题发表看法，并包括以下要点： （1）你对不诚实现象的看法； （2）诚实的重要性是什么； （3）作为中学生，该如何做一个诚实的 人。 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
一、单项选择 1. If you want to have ____ second try, which I think is very necessary, the situation will surely take on ___ new look. A. a, a B. a, the C. the, a D. /,the
2. The market for dust masks and air purifiers is _____in Jiangsu Province because it has been covered
in thick fog and haze for several days. A. booming B. depositing C. swapping D. clarifying 3. The vast ____ of the unemployed workers are pushing for the solution to the problem, ____ they want to see solved as soon as possible. A. most, that B. majority, which C. gravity, while D. amount, when 4. As a hard-working and confident employee, I am sure Johnson will ____ a successful leader. A. turn B. grow C. make D. get 5. If the plan _______last year, the present situation _______ better. A. be put into practice, was B. was put into practice, would be C. had been put into practice, would be D. put into practice, would be 6. As a saying goes that ―A good medicine tastes bitter‖, you shouldn‘t ____ listening to others‘ suggestions. A. tolerate B. resist C. cater D. drain 7. ----You mean I have to go there by myself, for you are not free. ----Yeah, _______. A. you mean it B. you made it C. you got it D. you did it 8. Our classroom is in a mess and you ____ get it tidy in 15 minutes or our teacher will be angry. A. will B. may C. ought D. shall 9. —I got an email from Susan, ______ said she was going abroad for sightseeing. —Fantastic! That‘s what she has been dreaming of. A. which B. she C. who D. it 10. Annie often tells her classmates ______ at the remote school in the mountain area and what she has done there as a volunteer. A． life is how hard B．what hard life is C．how hard life is D．how hard is life 11. Later, with the help of the police, the students managed to escape from the dangerous place, _____. A. hungry and frightened B. hungrily and frightening C. hungry and frightening D. hungrily and frightened 12. In no country _______ France, as is often said, ________ taste so many kinds of delicious cheese. A. rather than; can one B. other than; can one C. rather than; one can D. other than; one can 13. According to the recent survey, the government needs to ____ such concerns in a positive manner. A. deal B. address C. make D. bid 14. The young man showed no anxiety before the interview. He seemed _____for it pretty well A. to prepare B. to have prepared C. having prepared D. to be preparing 15. —What an amazing film! It‘s the most interesting film I‘ve ever seen. —But I‘m sure it won‘t interest ______. A. somebody B. anybody 二、完形填空 C. nobody D. everybody
People often ask me how I write with four children. More often than not, my stories are pieced together, written, and edited in a series of 1 moments. If I‘m working while the kids are home, I have the added 2 of tuning out their chaos. I‘ ll write and write until I fall under a spell, and just when I
was getting 3 , it happens —Camille will diaper ( 尿布).
4 into my office wearing a big smile— and a smelling
I wish I had a daily 5 , a solid time no one can interrupt, but I don‘t. I may go days or even weeks without writing. I hate these 6 , but much as I like to believe the world needs my writing, my daughters need me much more. So for now I write when I can. While this arrangement works, I sometimes 7 how productive I‘d be if my life wasn‘t stop-and-go. With time on my side, I could be a writing machine, 8 at once what would normally take me months. This leads me to a question I find 9 to all parents: Do kids hold back or 10 our dreams? Children are needy by nature, and regardless of how much 11 we show them, they want more. By the time we tend to them, we‘re tired out—and 12 in the mood to follow our dream. They push our personal pleasures 13 and slow us down, making tortoises out of hares. On the other hand, children add a richness to our lives that I believe inspires better work, thus 14 for time we lose. As a writer, I don‘t find inspiration sitting at my computer. 15 , I find it when I‘m out living, and the 16 I take because of my children—going to the ballpark, birthday parties, even doctor visits —put me in 17 with people who constantly set off new ideas. Many ideas arise through 18 conversation, which can 19 me like thunder. Immediately, I‘ll make a mental note, knowing that someday I‘ll use that 20 in a story. 1. A. quiet 2. A. courage 3. A. direction 4. A. crawl 5. A. habit 6. A. breaks 7. A. doubt 8. A. operating 9. A. challenging 10. A. prevent 11. A. attention 12. A. hardly 13. A. ahead 14. A. allowing 15. A. Still 16. A. courses 17. A. harmony 18. A. brief 19. A. explode 20. A. piece 三、阅读理解 B. stolen B. challenge B. invention B. run B. method B. days B. believe B. working B. remaining B. inspire B. effort B. practically B. back B. turning B. Instead B. chances B. agreement B. normal B. hit B. talk C. critical C. instruction C. inspiration C. jog C. technique D. precious D. priority D. application D. tiptoe D. routine
C. weeks D. needs C. deny D. wonder C. accomplishing D. running C. relevant C. awake C. concentration C. totally C. aside C. calling C. Therefore C. risks C. line C. casual C. destroy C. scene D. controversial D. interpret D. time D. fairly D. down D. compensating D. Consequently D. paths D. contact D. intelligent D. multiply D. acquaintance
A Petroleum, consisting of crude oil（原油） and natural gas, seems to originate from organic matter
in marine sediment（海洋沉淀物）.Tiny organisms settle to the seafloor and gather in marine mud. The organic matter may partially break down, using up the dissolved oxygen in the sediment. As soon as the oxygen is gone, decay stops and the remaining organic matter is preserved. Continued sedimentation buries the organic matter and subjects it to higher temperatures and pressures, which change the organic matter to oil and gas. As muddy sediments are pressed together, the gas and small drops of oil may be squeezed out of the mud and may move into sandy layers nearby. Over millions of years, accumulations of gas and oil can collect in the sandy layers. Both oil and gas are less dense than water, so they generally tend to rise upward through rock and sediment. Oil pools are valuable underground accumulations of oil, and oil fields are regions underlain by one or more oil pools. When an oil pool or field is discovered, wells are drilled into the ground. When the well reaches a pool, oil usually rises up the well because of its density difference（密度差） with water beneath it or because of the pressure of expa
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