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高二英语必修五语法知识点:过去分词做状语


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高二英语必修五语法知识点:过去分词做状语
中国教育在线讯 小编为大家收集和整理了大量的高二英语知识点,以便考 生在高考备考过程中更好的梳理知识,轻松备战。 Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days. Well-known for their expertise, his parents’ company ….. Confused by the new surroundings, I was hit by the lack of fresh air. Exhausted, I slid into the bed and fell fast asleep. 过去分词作状语:过去分词作状语时,说明动作发生的背景或情况,其等同 于一个状语从句。vt 过去分词作状语时与主句主语构成被动关系,表示被动和 完成,vi 过去分词表示状态或动作的完成。 Heated , water changes into steam . The professor came in, followed by a group of young people . 1 作原因状语,等于 as / since / because 引导从句 Moved by what she said ,we couldn’t help crying . = ( As we are moved by what she said … 2 作时间状语,等于 when 引导时间从句,如果分词表示的动作与谓语的 动作同时发生,可在分词前加 when/ while / until 等使时间意义更明确。 When heated , water can be changed into steam . Seen from the hill ,the park looks very beautiful .= ( When the park is seen from the hill… 3 作条件状语等于 if / whether 引导从句 Given more attention , the cabbages could have grown better .= ( If they have been given more attention …. Compared with you , we still have a long way to go = ( If we are compared with you … 4 作方式或伴随状语 The actress came in , followed by her fans . She sat by the window , lost in thought . 5 作让步状语 Much tired ,he still kept on working .=(Although he was tired ,) he …. 6 独立主格结构: 当分词的逻辑主语不是主句主语时,分词可以有自己独 立的逻辑主语,这种结构称为独立主格结构。常用来表示伴随情况。 The boy rushed into the classroom , his face covered with sweat . All things considered ,your article is of great value than hers . Rewrite with proper conjunctions Example : United we stand, divided we fall. If we are united, we will stand, but if we are divided,we will fall. 1 Asked what had happened, he told us about it. →When he was asked what had happened, … 2 Well known for his expert advice, he received many invitations to give lectures.
资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/

资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/

→Because he was well known for his expert advice, … 3 Given more time, we would be able to do the work much better. If we were given more time, 4 Once translated into Chinese, the book became very popular among Chinese teenagers. Once it was translated into Chinese, 5 Deeply interested in medicine, she decided to become a doctor. Because she was deeply interested in medicine, 6 Left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all. Although he was left alone at home, 现在分词与过去分词作状语 现在分词作状语时,与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系,;而过去分词与其逻辑 主语之间则表示被动关系。 Seeing these pictures, I couldn’t help thinking of those days when I was in Beijing . Seen from the top of a thirty-storeyed building, Beijing looks more magnificent. (see) 选择现在分词还是过去分词,关键看主句的主语。如分词的动作是主句的主 语发出,分词就选用现在分词,反之就用过去分词。例如: Used for a long time, the book looks old. 由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧。 Using the book, I find it useful. 在使用的过程中,我发现这本书很有用 注意:1.系表示主语所处的状态 _____ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. ( lose) ______ in white, she looks more beautiful.( dress) be lost in be dressed in be interested in be devoted to be supposed to? be caught in the rain be seated in be prepared for be determined to 2.不与主语保持一致的固定结构 generally speaking 一般说来 strictly/ frankly speaking 严格地说/坦白地说 judging from 从…判断 all things considered 从整体来看 taking all things into consideration 全面看来 例如:Judging from his face, he must be ill.从他的脸色看,他一定是病了。 Generally speaking, dogs can run faster than pigs. 总的来说,狗比猪跑得快。 (speaking 不是 dogs 的动作)
资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/

资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/

Practice 1. Complete each sentences using the P.P. of the right verb. build frighten trap follow shoot see examine 1 ________ by noises in the night, the girl no longer dared to sleep in her room. 2 The lady returned home, ________ by two policemen. 3 After having been _________ carefully, the room was locked again. 4.______ in 1949, the exhibition hall is over 50 years old. 5 _____ from a distance, the Opera House looks like ship sails. 6 If _____ in a burning building, you should send for help. 7 Although ______ in the leg, he continued firing at the police. 练习 1 ____ time ,he will make a first-class tennis player . A Having given B To give C Giving D Given 2 ___in 1636 ,Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States . A Being founded B It was founded C Founded D Founding 3 Unless __to speak ,you should remain silent at the conference . A invited B inviting C being invited D having invited 4 ___,but he still couldn’t understand it . A He had been told many times B Having been told many times C Told many times D Although he had been told many times 5 When first ___to the market , these products enjoyed great success . A introducing B introduced C introduce D being introduced 6 There seemed to be nothing ___to do but ___for the doctor . A leave / send B left / to send C left / send D leaving / send 作介词 but ,expect ,besides 的宾语,前面又有实意动词 do 时,不定式通 常省去 to 7____everywhere , the wolves had no where ___themselves . A Hunting / hiding B To hunt / to hide C Hunted / hiding D Hunted / to hide 8 . The ___ morning, the father came into the lonely house, ___ by his naughty boy. A. following, following B. followed, followed C. following, followed D. followed, following

资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/

资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/

9. Mrs. White was glad to see the nurse ___ after her son and was pleased to see the boy well ___ care of in the nursery. A. looked; taken B. looking; taken C. looked; took D. looking; taking 10. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ___ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 11. ___ more attention, the trees could have grown better. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given

资料来源:中国教育在线 http://www.eol.cn/


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