一．冠词用法小结： I.不定冠词的用法 1.第一次提及某人某物，泛指 A boy is waiting for you.有个男孩在等你。 2.★某人姓名前加不定冠词，表一个某个叫…的人，或与某名人有类似性质的人或事 —Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? —Sorry, wrong number.
There isn't_____ Mr. Smith here. A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one 3.用于固定词组中 a couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time 4.★用于抽象名词具体化的名词前，意为“一件….的事” success(抽象名词)→a success(具体化) 成功的人或事 a failure 失败的人或事 a must 必需必备的东西 a good knowledge of 精通掌握某一方面的知识 5★.与序数词连用，表示“又一，再一”。 In order to find a better job, he decided to study a second foreign language. 6.世界上独一无二事物前一般用定冠词，★但如果前面有修饰语（形容词或其比较级）时，也可能用不定 冠词 即不定冠词+形容词比较级+单数名词，意为“一个更…的…” We can never expect______ bluer sky unless we create____ less polluted world. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the II.定冠词的用法 1.用于各类名词前，表特指 2.★用于世上独一无二的事物名词前 （对比不定冠词用法 6） the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean 3.★表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事（根据语境判断） Would you mind opening the door? 4.★用于演奏乐器或发明物的单数名词前 The compass was invented in China. play the violin, play the guitar 5.用于形容词和分词前表示一类人 the reach, the living, the wounded 6.★表示“一家人”或“夫妇”（对比上文的不定冠词用法 2） —Could you tell me the way to ___ Johnsons, please? —Sorry, we don’t have ____ Johnson here in the village. A. the; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; / 7.★用于序数词前(对比不定冠词用法 6 ). 与比较级和最高级连用 ①比较级+ and +比较级"表示"越来越……The harder he works, the happier he feels. 8. ★用于普通名词构成的专有名词，国家党派机关名称 等以及江河湖海，山川群岛的名词前 The WTO, the WHO, the United States, the Communist Party of China 9.★在逢十的复数数词之前，指世纪的某个年代 in the 1990’s(二十世纪九十年代) 10.★by +the+表示单位的名词， 表示做某事的方式 I hired the car by the hour. 11．★.动词(hit, pat, kick…)+人+介词+the+身体部位（head, nose, face, shoulder…） He patted me on the shoulder. 12.固定搭配。go to the cinema, go to the movie III.不用冠词（零冠词）的情况 1.★不可数名词，复数名词表示泛指，前面可以不用冠词。 2.★ .表示职位，身份，头衔，称呼的名词前 Lincoln was made President of America. 3.★表示球类，棋类等运动的名词前 He likes playing football/chess. 4.★ 与 by 连用表示交通方式的名词前 5★ 系动词 turn， go 表示“成为，变成 ”， 后面接作表语的单数名词前不加冠词 6.★ 固定句型: adj./n(零冠词)+as/though+主语+谓语; word comes that…..（…的消息传来） Child as he is, he can speak English well. 7.★固定搭配中. in nature， in history 二 请找出错误，加以纠正，并说明理由 1.what do you think of books I bought yesterday. 2.he was absent from school because he had cold. 3. the America is a developed country.
4.he went to the countryside by a taxi with a friend. 5.much in nature is still unknown to us. 6.i have heard that weather here is very cold, especially in winter. 7.we held a grand party on the Teacher’s Day. 8.Today we had a early breakfast. 9.he often stays up until the midnight. 10.the old man goes to the library every a few days. 11.we went to Shanghai next week. 12. he turned a teacher in the end. 13.we made him the monitor of our class. 14.A tiger is in danger of dying out. 15. There is public library in every town in Britain. 16.To the teacher’s satisfaction, great many students have passed the exam successfully though the paper is rather difficult. 17. Before long, the word came that the exam had been called off. 18. The train disappeared in distance. 19. Before going there, you need to know some common manners in west. 20. He devoted his whole life to helping poor. 21. The classroom is on fourth floor. 22.He is an only one who has worked out the problem. 23. If things go on like this, the man will one day destroy the earth. 24. you see, a child as she is, she speaks good English. 25.What a terrible weather we have had! 26.I like the math, while my sister enjoys studying English. 27. What surprise you have brought us! 28.Eggs are usually sold by dozen. 29. He took up piano at the age of three. 30. She has detailed knowledge of his family. 31. What a honest man he is! And he is so kind a man, too. 32. His sister was working in an university in Beijing while he was just at junior middle school. 33. Some people enjoy reading the books or watching TV at home while others may have sports. 34. It was such delicious supper that Tom enjoyed very much. 35. Judging from what they say, they must come from a same city. 36. You can hardly imagine what hard time I had bringing up the children. 37.She is on the point of crying. Don’t make the fun of her any more. 38.The meeting turned out to be failure. 39. My teacher said that I had made a great progress in handwriting. 40. English language is very beautiful, and I hope you will enjoy studying it besides Chinese. 41. The number of students haven’t heard of it. 42. The children kept record of what they saw on the way. 43. The house caught a fire the night before. 44. He failed but he wanted to try the second time. 45. Tell the truth. Did you go to cinema with the boy that day? 46.The story happened in July many years ago—I really can’t remember which year it was. 47.In 1980’s, many farmers rushed into the cities, hoping to make a fortune. 48.I have two sisters and three of us are all teachers. 49.He accepted the invitation with a pleasure. 50.Today I visited Smiths---- my first visit to an American family. 三．短文改错综合训练两篇 1.Behind my apartment, there was used to be a dirty and messy corner. Bits of plastic bags hanged on the trees. Broken bottles were left laying here and there. There was a damaging car in the center. The whole corner gave away an unpleasant smell. One year ago, we decided to turn it in a beautiful park. Since then, great changes have been taken place in that corner. All the rubbish have been cleared away. Flowers and young trees have planted all over. Now birds come here to sing,
children come here to play, and adults come here to enjoy our peaceful life. It has taken on a new look. 2.Dear friends, It is real a good chance to have met all of you here. We have spent several precious weekend in learning in the English Club. Although we have been members for a short period of times, we have made a great progress. That is because we are all very much active and the activities are not only enjoyable and also helpful. Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interested. I am very pleased to say that all of us greatly improved our spoken English so far. I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future. 四．语法填空 1.Many students may feel________(stress) because of their parents. Most parents have good intentions,________ some of them are not very helpful with the problems their sons and daughters have in ________(adjust) to college, and a few of them seem to go out of their way to add to their children’s_________(difficult). For one thing, parents are often not aware of the kinds of problems their children face. They don’t realize that the_______(compete) is stronger, that the required standards of work are______(high), and that their children may not be prepared for_______ change. They may be upset by their children’s poor grades. At their kindness, they may_______(gentle) ask why John or Mary isn’t doing better, whether he or she is trying as hard as she or he could, and so on. At their worst, they may threaten______(take) their children out of college or cut off living expenses. Sometimes parents think _____ right and natural that they determine what their children do with their lives. They forget that everyone is different and that each person must develop in his or her own way. 2. The Internet has become part of young people’s life. _______ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get _____ (use) information on the Internet ______ use the Internet to help in their studies. But many students don’t use it ____ a good way. Some play games too much, some visit websites _____ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen ______ students spend too much time on the Internet. ______ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, _______ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful _______(advise). Some students also make friends on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face ________ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents know and meet in a proper place.
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