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healthy eating 练习题


Unit 2

Healthy eating

Ⅰ. 听录音,根据所听内容选择正确答案
听第 1~4 段对话,分别完成第 1~4 题 1. How does the woman usually go shopping? A. She goes by car. B. She walks. C. She shops by phone.

2. What did the man do? A. He went downstairs. B. He provided the information. C. He offered a guidebook. 3. What did the woman promise to do? A. To receive some guests. B. To have a talk with her own daughter. C. To have lunch with both Scott and his daughter. 4. What’s the time now? A. 8:30. 听第 5 段对话,完成第 5~7 题 5. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A. They are good friends. B. They meet for the first time. C. They work in the same department. 6. What achievements has the woman made? A. She won the first place in the national competition. B. She covered the national event successfully. C. She took good pictures for the newspapers. 7. Why does the man plan to join a club? A. To meet new friends.
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B. 8:00.

C. 9:00.

B. To improve his skills. C. To catch up with the woman.

Ⅱ. 听录音,根据短文内容完成句子
Healthy eating follows a balanced diet to give you good nutrition. Good nutrition can make you feel good and stay healthy. People with good nutrition are usually happy and energetic and often in good shape. They enjoy 1 eating, which means five simple things: (1) 2

your food safely; ( 2 ) shop wisely to save money; ( 3 ) ask to learn more about eating well; (4) take 1. ________ 3 for choosing healthy foods; and (5)make meals that 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. ________ 4 great.

Ⅲ. 单项选择,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳答案完成句子
1. — __________ I return the dictionary within three days? — No, you __________. You __________ keep it for five days. A. May; needn’t; will C. Must; don’t have to; can B. Can; mustn’t; would D. Shall; can’t; should

2. Sir, you __________ be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only. A. oughtn’t to B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t

3. She is already two hours late. What __________ to her? A. can have happened C. should have happened B. must have happened D. must happen

4. Mary __________ the job he offered to her, but she didn’t. A. can’t take C. should take 5. He sat at the desk, __________ a novel. A. read B. to read C. reading D. reads B. ought to have taken D. must have taken

6. If you cheat in the exam, you could hardly __________ it. A. throw away B. get away C. get away from D. get away with

7. I know he hasn’t finished the work, but __________, he has done his best. A. at all B. in all C. after all D. above all

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8. Which food is called __________ food, milk, sugar or beans? A. energy-given B. body-building C. energetic D. protection

9. — How well did John do in the match? — Wonderful. I think we can’t have a __________ player in our football team. A. good B. well C. better D. best

10. I’m really tired __________ Tom. He had me __________ for two hours in the rain. A. of; waiting B. with; wait C. of; waited D. with; waited

11. The old machine is __________. A. of useless B. of not use C. no use D. of no use

12. She __________ down her book and __________ in bed. A. lay; laid B. laid; lay C. lay; lay D. laid; laid

13. No potatoes for me — I’m __________ a diet. A. at B. in C. on D. with

14. The speed of cars and trucks is __________ 30 kilometres per hour in large cities in China. A. limited B. limiting C. limiting to D. limited to

15. Smoking is a bad habit. You should __________ it. A. throw away B. get away with C. get rid of D. throw

Ⅳ. 根据所给句子完成画线部分
1. He reminded me not to forget my promise. He reminded me 2. Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy. the news, they all jumped with joy. 3. That he’s working so hard worries me. __________ he’s working so hard. 4. I don’t like the way you spoke to her. I don’t like the way ________ ________ you spoke to her. 5. He would die rather than give in. Rather than ________ in he would prefer ________ ________. .

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Ⅴ. 根据汉语提示及重点词语将下列句子译成英语
1. 考试作弊必予追究。(get away with) __________________________________________________________________________ 2. 你所说的使我想起了我悲伤的故事。(remind of) __________________________________________________________________________ 3. 他们面对面地坐着,怒视着对方。(glare at) __________________________________________________________________________ 4. 新的政策将对我们大家都很有益。(be of great benefit) __________________________________________________________________________ 5. 由于负债累累,他每天不得不加班工作。(in heavy debt) __________________________________________________________________________

Ⅵ. 完形填空
Everyone needs water and a diet of healthy foods. These foods should some fiber, a little salt and so on. People need energy to live. They eat all kinds of foods bodies use different 4 3 2 change into energy. Our 1 some fat,

of energy. The energy is measured in calories(卡路里). The more 5 , you are using energy 6 up

we take, the more calories we burn. Even when you are

— about 65 calories an hour. While you are at school, or walking home, your body is

100 calories an hour. When playing football or basketball, you might be using 400 calories an hour. On Sports Day, during the relay race, you will use most of all, perhaps as calories an hour. The Chinese diet is considered to be the healthiest in the world. It contains a lot of fruit and green vegetables. It is 8 in fiber and low in sugar and fat. The Chinese eat less sugar than 9 lots of people in China have white teeth. 7 as 650

many other countries in the world. That is

People in the Western world do not eat such healthy foods. They eat too much fat and sugar and don’t take 12 10 exercise. Because of this, they 11 very easily. In order to

with the quick pace(步伐) of their life and work, they eat a lot of fast food. They eat a

lot of sweets, soft drinks, potato crisps, chocolate, butter and ice cream and so on, which are called 13 food by some epicureans(美食家). The result is that many of them become fat. In
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order to avoid

14

fat and

15

it is advisable(明智的) to eat a balanced diet and

not eat too many foods that have a high calorie rating. 1. A. include 2. A. which 3. A. numbers 4. A. exercise 5. A. sleepy 6. A. running 7. A. much 8. A. poor 9. A. why 10. A. a number of 11. A. lose weight 12. A. keep up 13. A. bad 14. A. to get 15. A. keep thin B. hold B. what B. amounts B. exercises B. running B. adding B. many B. low B. because B. too much B. put on weight B. carry on B. diseased B. becoming B. keep fit C. contain C. where C. plenty C. sport C. working C. burning C. few C. rich C. because of C. masses of C. die C. keep on C. healthy C. to become C. stay calm D. make up D. it D. deal D. game D. asleep D. wasting D. little D. plenty D. since D. enough D. stay healthy D. go on D. junk D. get D. fall ill

Ⅶ. 阅读理解,根据短文内容选择最佳答案
A People have strange ideas about food. For example, tomato is a kind of very delicious vegetable. It is one of useful plants that can be prepared in many ways. It has rich nutrition(营养) and vitamin in it. But in the 18th century, Americans never ate tomatoes. They grew them in their gardens because tomato plants are so pretty. But they thought the vegetable was poisonous(有毒 的). They called tomatoes “poison apples”. President Thomas Jefferson, however, know that tomatoes were good to eat. He was a learned man. He had been to Paris, where he learned to love the taste of tomatoes. He grew many kinds of tomatoes in his garden. The President taught his cook a way for a cream of tomato soup. This beautiful pink soup was served at the President party. The guests thought the soup tasted

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really good. They never thought their president would serve his honoured guests poison apples. Jefferson never spoke to his honoured guests about the fact. 1. Tomato is a kind of ___________. A. poisonous fruit C. tasty fruit B. poisonous vegetable D. tasty vegetable

2. After you read the passage, which of the following do you think is true? A. Americans never ate tomatoes after they began to plant them. B. Americans didn’t eat tomatoes before 19th century. C. Even now Americans don’t eat tomatoes. D. In the 18th century Americans ate a lot of tomatoes. 3. Jefferson learned that tomatoes were good to eat ___________. A. while he was in Paris C. because his parents told him so B. when he was a little boy D. from books

4. From the passage we know all the honoured guests invited by Jefferson were ___________. A. people from other countries C. people of his own country B. from France D. men only

5. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. None of the guests knew the soup that was served at the President party was made of tomatoes. B. All of the guests thought the soup which was prepared by the President’s cook was nice. C. President Thomas Jefferson knew that tomatoes were good to eat and not poisonous at all. D. All of the guests didn’t know that their president would serve his honoured guests poison apples. B Good health is the most valuable thing a person can have, but one cannot take good health for granted. It is important to remember that the body needs proper care in order to be healthy. There are three things that a person can do to help stay in good shape: eat right food, get enough sleep, and exercise regularly.

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Proper nutrition (营养) is important for good health. Your body cannot work well unless it receives the proper kind of “fuel”(燃料). Don’t eat too much food with lots of sugar and fat. Eat plenty of foods high in protein (蛋白质), like meat, fish, eggs and nuts. Vegetables and fruits are very important because they provide necessary vitamins (维他命) and minerals. However, don’t overeat. It is not helpful to be overweight. Getting the proper amount of sleep is also important. If you don’t get enough sleep, you feel tired and easily get angry. You have no energy. Over a long period of time a little amount of sleep may even result in a change of personality (人的个性). Be sure to allow yourself from seven to nine hours of sleep each night. If you do, your body will feel strong and refreshed, and your mind will be sharp. Finally, get plenty of exercise. Exercise firms the body, strengthens the muscles, and prevents you from gaining weight. It also improves your heart and lungs. If you follow a regular exercise program, you will probably increase your life-span (寿命). Any kind of exercise is good. Most sports are excellent for keeping the body in good shape: basketball, swimming, bicycling, running and so on are good examples. Sports are not only good for your body, but they are enjoyable and interesting, too. If everybody were to eat the right foods, get plenty of sleep and exercise regularly, the world would be a happier and healthier place. We would all live to be much older and wiser. 6. According to the passage, _________. A. we should always keep fit B. if we were healthy, we could spend our days in doing things with less sleep C. one can eat a lot to stay in good shape D. one needn’t take any exercise if he is healthy 7. In order to keep good health, _________. A. we should eat a lot of sweets B. one needs a large amount of fat C. people should eat according to the foods nutrition D. we must try to sleep now and then

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8. Eating more and sleeping less _________. A. can keep healthy C. gets you more energy B. is no good for you D. will keep your personality

9. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Eating too much sugar and fat is not good for our health. B. We have no energy if we don’t have enough sleep. C. If we sleep five hours each night, we will feel strong. D. Exercise is good for our body. 10. The title of the article should be _________. A. Eating and Exercising C. Staying Healthy B. How Vitamins Work in Man’s Body D. Sleeping Well

Ⅷ. 书面表达
写一篇短文介绍你读书的好方法——记笔记。要点如下: 1. 帮助理解和记忆; 2. 百科全书、报纸、杂志、小说中的重要信息; 3. 只记要点,如词汇、概念、短语、引语等,并将它们归类。 参考词汇:百科全书 encyclopedia 词数:100 左右 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

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听力材料及参考答案
Ⅰ. 听录音,根据所听内容选择正确答案
听第 1~4 段对话,分别完成第 1~4 题 Text 1 W: I hardly ever go shopping by car now. The shopping centre is within walking distance. M: Well, you are lucky. The nearest store I can go to is about two miles away. Text 2 M: What can I do for you? W: Can I get a city map at the hotel? M: Yes, there’s a bookstore downstairs where they have pocket guidebooks with city maps. Shall I get one for you? W: No, thanks. We can get one when we go downstairs. Text 3 M: Excuse me, but you have some guests in the reception room. W: What? Who? M: Mr Scott Carpenter and his daughter. W: I remember! Oh … Scott! I made a lunch date with him and his daughter weeks ago. Text 4 M: Hello. W: Hello. Can I help you? M: Yes, I want to know why there’s no electricity. W: Sorry, sir. There’s been a power cut. M: Well, when will it come on again? W: It’s usually off for about half an hour, so we expect it back at eight thirty. 1. B 2. B 3. C 4. B

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听第 5 段对话,完成第 5~7 题 Text 5 M: Do you mind if I join you? W: Please do. M: I’m Alan Hook. I work at St Jude’s Training College. W: How do you do? Barbara Samuel. And what do you do at the college? M: I’m in charge of the science department. W: Have you been there long? M: Just over a year. By the way, haven’t I seen your picture in the paper recently? W: Ah, that must have been the national tennis competition last week. M: That’s right — you won a cup. W: Well, I guess I was lucky. How about you? Do you play? M: I used to, but I’m out of practice these days. I must see about joining a club sometime. 5. B 6. A 7. B

Ⅱ. 听录音,根据短文内容完成句子
Healthy eating follows a balanced diet to give you good nutrition. Good nutrition can make you feel good and stay healthy. People with good nutrition are usually happy and energetic and often in good shape. They enjoy smart eating, which means five simple things: (1) store your food safely; (2) shop wisely to save money; (3)ask to learn more about eating well; (4) take responsibility for choosing healthy foods; and (5)make meals that taste great. 1. smart 2. store 3. responsibility 4. taste

Ⅲ. 单项选择,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳答案完成句子
1. C 解析:考查情态动词。回答 must 开头的一般疑问句,肯定回答用 must,否定回答用 needn’t 或 don’t have to。其他三个选项的问句情态动词和答句情态动词不匹配。 2. A 解析:结合语境得出答案为 A,oughtn’t to 不应该。 3. A 解析:疑问句中表示对过去事情的推测,can have done 意思是“可能怎样了” 。

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4. B 解析:虚拟语气,ought to have done 表示“本来应该” ,语气较 should have done 略重。 5. C 解析:reading 为现在分词作伴随状语,表示该动作与谓语动词同时发生。 6. D 解析:动词短语辨析。get away with 表示“逃脱惩罚” ,符合题意。 7. C 解析:考查短语辨析。at all 根本;in all 总共;after all 毕竟;above all 首先。根据句义选 C。 8. B 解析:复合形容词的辨析。由 build up one’s body 而来。 9. C 解析: “否定词+形容词比较级”可以表达最高级意义。 10. A 解析: be tired of 固定用法,表示“厌倦了某人或某事” 。 have sb doing sth 让某人一直干 某事。 11. D 解析: “of + 抽象名词”相当于形容词,故选 D。 12. B 解析:lie(lied, lied)说谎;lie(lay, lain)躺;lay(laid, laid)放置;句义为“她放下书,躺在了 床上” ,故选 B。 13. C 解析:考查固定短语。be on a diet 节食。 14. D 解析:be limited to 限制在……之内。 15. C 解析:get rid of 除掉,摆脱;这里指戒掉吸烟的坏习惯。

Ⅳ. 根据所给句子完成画线部分
1. of my promise 2. When they heard
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3. It worries me that 4. in which 5. give, to die

Ⅴ. 根据汉语提示及重点词语将下列句子译成英语
1. If you cheat in the exam, you’ll never get away with it. 2. What you said reminds me of my sad story. 3. They sat face to face, glaring at each other. 4. The new policy will be of great benefit to us all. 5. Being in heavy debt, he has to work extra hours every day.

Ⅵ. 完形填空
1. C 解析:从后文看出,这里需要填入一个动词,后文是食物的成分,显然这个动词有“包含” 的意思,故选 C。 2. A 解析:定语从句引导词,指代前面的 foods。 3. B 解析:表示“不同量的”。 4. A 解析:后文是“消耗能量” ,此处有动词 take 的提示,故选 A,take exercise 做运动。 5. D 解析:有 even 提示,表示说的是另一个极端。这里表示状态,故选 D。 6. C 解析:前文有提示, “消耗”可用动词 burn。 7. A 解析:这里表示多少的能量,应用 as much(energy)as …。 8. C 解析:与后面的 low 意思相对。 9. A 解析:表语从句,说明原因。故选 A。
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10. D 解析:没有进行足够的运动。 11. B 解析:摄取高热量食物,又缺乏运动,当然会长胖。故选 B。 12. A 解析:keep up with the pace 跟上节奏。 13. D 解析:根据句义,这里说的是垃圾食品。 14. B 解析:avoiding doing sth 避免做某事。 15. B 解析:keep fit 固定表达,表示“保持身体健康” 。

Ⅶ. 阅读理解,根据短文内容选择最佳答案
1. D 解析:由“For example, tomato is a kind of very delicious vegetable.”可以得出正确答案。 2. B 解析:19 世纪以前,美洲人不敢吃番茄,认为有毒。 3. A 解析:细节理解题。由文章第二段可知正确答案。 4. C 解析:由 their president 可以看出,他们来自一个国家。 5. D 解析:由文章倒数第二句可知客人们并不知道他们喝的汤是由“毒苹果”做的。选项 D 是 部分否定,与文义相悖。 6. A 解析:健康饮食、充足睡眠、适量运动都是为了保持健康,故选 A。 7. C 解析:根据文章只有 C 项符合题意。

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8. B 解析:文章说到要保持充足睡眠,因此缺乏睡眠肯定对身体有害。 9. C 解析:根据第三段可知选项 C 错误,其他选项符合文义。 10. C 解析:主旨归纳题。从整篇文章可以归纳出,全文都在说保持健康的方法。

Ⅷ. 书面表达
参考范文: Take notes while you read. This will help you understand and remember what you are reading. Informational materials, such as encyclopedia, newspapers, and magazine articles, nonfiction books, etc., contain a lot of information that may be hard to remember. Taking notes will help you identify and remember information that is important to you. When you take notes, you need not write complete sentences. You can simply note the most important ideas and information. Your note may be list of single words, concepts, phrases or quotes. You should group your notes into categories, however. A category may be suggested by a chapter title, a head or subhead of reading.

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