金陵中学 2012-2013 第一学期高一入学调研测试 英 语 试 题
注意： 第一卷答案填涂到机读卡上； 第二卷答案写到答卷上。 第一卷 第一部分 英语知识运用 (共两节， 满分 50 分)第一节 单项填空 (共 30 小题； 每小题 1 分， 满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1. I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. ______I got wet all through. A. It's the reason for B. There's why C. That's why D. It's how 2. —Let's have a rest, shall we? —Not now, I don't want to stop______ the letter yet. A. write B. writing C. to write B. and write 3. We like Fred______ all the boys he was the most honest one. A. because B. as C. because of D. for that 4. William ______ to Italy ten times in 1996, but ______ never ______ there since. A. went; / ; went B. had gone; has; been C. went; has; been D. has been; has; gone 5. —If I report it to police, they'll want to know where I found it. —______? —They might want to know what I was doing there. A. Can't you tell them B. What can I do for you C. Why not D.What's wrong with them 6. Everybody knows that no one can be successful ________ hard work． A．through B．without C．with D． for 7. Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn't stopped ringing. People ______ to ask how I am going to spend the money. A. phone B. were phoning C. will phone D. are phoning 8. We think Waikiki in Hawaii is better than ______ in Canada. A. any beach B. any other beach C. any other beaches D. the other beaches 9. —What did he ask you? —He wanted to know ______ . A. what were you worrying about B. if this sentence can be turned into passive voice C. how everything is getting on D. what they went there for 10. —Which one can I take? —Oh, you can take ______ of them, I'll keep none. A. both B. neither C. either D. any 11.—How can you take my umbrella away without my permission. —Oh, sorry, I______ it was yours. I hope you ______. A. didn't know; don't mind B. don't know; not to mind C. know; not to care D. haven't known; didn't mind
12.—Who's that person in the street? Is it Mr Liu? —It ______ be him. Because Mr Liu is ill in hospital already. A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't D. maybe 13. Oh, John, ______ you gave us! A. how a pleasant surprise B. what a pleasant surprise C. how pleasant surprise D. what pleasant surprise 14.—It was careless of you to put your new bike downstairs all night. —My God!______. A. So I did B. So it was C. So did I D. So have I 15. Today the river is still being used. Ships can be seen moving on ______ water now and then. But it is no longer ______ busy water highway. A. a; the B. / ; a C. the;/ D. the; a 16. I'm writing home.______ will soon be finished and posted, in which I tell my brother how important English is and that government' reports, legal (法律) papers and most business letters are ______ English is mainly used. A. The letter; where B. This; that C. It; when D. That; how 17.—John and Mary, ______ sure to come to our party this evening, ______? —OK, thank you, ______. A. be; will you; we will B. are; will they; we will C. are; aren't they; we must D. will be; won't they; we shall 18. Children in western countries can usually get all kinds of presents ______Christmas and ______ their birthdays. A. on; on B. at; on C. in; at D. by; on 19. Some passengers were walking through one of the big halls at Paris' Charles De Gaulle Airport ______ the whole root fell down. A. while B、when C、as soon as D、after 20.—Is ______ America ______ American or______ European country? —Sorry, I have no idea. A. an; an; an B. the ;/ ;/ C. /; an/a D./; an; an 21. The knife we used to cut the bread is very sharp. A．which B．with C．with it D．with which 22. The brave man, the tiger was shot, is a good hunter. A．of whom B．by that C．by whom D．by which 23. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, he could see what it was going on inside the house. A．on which B．at which C．through which D．in which 24. The beautiful dress Miss Jones went to the ball was borrowed from a friend of hers. A．in which B．worn by C．through which D．on which 25. During the days , he worked as a servant at the Browns’. A．that followed B．to follow C．following D．followed 26. You may take anything useful . A．which you want B．you want them C．what you want D．you want 27. My hometown is no longer the same it used to be.
A．like B．that C．as 28. The old woman has two sons, one is a teacher. A．of who B．of whom C．of which 29. You can take any seat is free. A．in which B．that C．where 30. Is there anything to you? A．that belong B．which belongs C．that belongs
D．which D．of them D．which D．that is belonged
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项 I can honestly say that it was the best of times and also the worst of times in my life. I was 31 expecting my first child but my once energetic mother was losing her 32 with a brain disease. For ten years, my mother had fought against the disease, but 33 of the treatment had been successful. Unfortunately, she became totally 34 , unable to speak, walk, eat or dress 35 her own. As she grew closer and closer to 36 , my baby grew closer and closer to life inside me. I was sad not only for the upcoming 37 of my mother, but also that she and my baby would never know each other. A few weeks 38 my due date, Mother 39 a deep coma 昏迷） Her doctors did not hold （ . any hope and said that it was 40 to put in a feeding tube—she would never wake up. We brought Mother home, and tried our best to keep her 41 . I sat beside her and talked to her about the baby moving 42 me. I hoped that somehow deep inside, she knew. On February 3, 2008, just as I gave birth to my baby, Jacob, something impossible occurred: Mother was sitting up, her oxygen tubes 43 . When I brought Jacob home, Mom was sitting in her chair, 44 to welcome him. Tears of joy filled my eyes as I 45 my son in her arms. They just 46 at each other. For two weeks, Mother smiled and held Jacob. She spoke to my father, her children and grandchildren in complete 47 . She gave us 48 . Then she quietly slipped back into a coma (昏 迷)and, after 49 from all of her children , she was finally free of the pain and 50 away. Believe it or not, love can last forever. 31．A．gladly B．sadly C．briefly D．extremely 32．A．hope B．ability C．battle D．game 33．A．all B．some C．none D．any 34．A．helpful B．disabled C．unhappy D．healthy 35．A．with B．by C．in D．on 36．A．death B．life C．smile D．fear 37．A．recovery B．loss C．arrival D．miss 38．A．after B．before C．until D．past 39．A．fell for B．kept up C．fell into D．took part 40．A．impossible B．careless C．hopeful D．useless 41．A．comfortable B．relaxed C．happy D．excited 42．A beyond B．inside C．with D．towards 43．A．recovered B．rebuilt C．removed D．reacted 44．A．willing B．ready C．free D．astonished 45．A．dropped B．laid C．lied D．threw 46．A．glared B．glanced C．stared D．noticed 47．A．regards B．sentences C．silence D．words 48．A．joy B．sorrow C．trouble D．anger 49．A．concerns B．sighs C．visits D．sights
50．A．drove B．ran C．died D．passed 第二部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项 A Apple’s logo is one of the most familiar icons(图标)around the world． But what’s the story about the Apple logo? The image of the apple is obvious，because that’s the name of the company．What about the bite? The famous story is that the logo shows respect and honour for Alan Turing．He was the father of computer science．He researched artificial intelligence(人 工智能)and unlocked German wartime codes(密码)．However，after the war，he was put into prison，because of his beliefs．He could not stand the looking down and chose to bite a poisoned apple to end his life in the prison． However，Rob Janoff，who designed the famous Apple logo，said，“It’s not the truth, but only a legend．The real reason why I designed it with a bite is very simple．I wanted people to get that it was an apple not a cherry．When I go to markets to buy apples，I always mistake apples for cherries．It really has nothing to do with the scientist．” Are you kidding? An apple is much bigger than a cherry. It’s very easy to tell. But if you use an apple to design a logo, some people may mistake it for a cherry. 51. Both the apple and the cherry are almost the same actually in________． A· shape B．size C．colour D．weight 52. According to the passage，Alan Turing________. A．died in the prison B．used an apple to design a logo C．was put into prison during the war D．was the father of a computer company 53. What’s the purpose of writing the passage about the apple logo? A．To introduce its designer． B．To tell us a legend about it． C．To try to find the truth of it． D．TO explain its market research． B On April 18，the 100-day countdown to the 2012 Olympic Games in London began. For this year’s Games’ slogan，the London Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games has chosen the phrase “Inspire a Generation” (激励一代人)． is expected to inspire athletes to do their best， It and common people to do better in their daily lives． The Games are also inspiring lots of tourists to come to London．But if you go there，you’d better try your best to follow British manners and customs．Otherwise，you’ll end up in a right mess! Expert William Hanson has given the Associate Press a few tips for tourists on how to act while in the UK．Let’s have a look： Don’t talk about money． According to Hanson， British people hate talking about money and it is considered rude to do so．In particular，never ask anyone about their salary． Afternoon tea．The traditional view of the British sitting down for an afternoon tea is not exact．Few people keep the tradition nowadays． Give tips—but not in an obvious way．The British favor a quiet “thank you” gift for good
service rather than the rigid 16-20％tip Americans always give．In fact，many British waiters will not feel anxious and nervous if you decide not to tip at all. Greeting with a kiss． British are not like their passionate neighbors in France. Many prefer The a handshake or a pat on the back to say “hello”． Conversation tip．If you want to be friendly，end a sentence with the word “mate”· 54．The underlined word “It” in the first paragraph refers to_______． A．London B．“Inspire a Generation’’ C．The 100—day countdown D．The London Organizing Committee 55．British people think it rude to_______. A．have tea in the early morning B．ask others about their salary C．give a 10％tip to a waiter D．shake hands with friends 56．The underlined word “passionate’’ in the passage means “_______” in Chinese． A．冷酷的 B．羞涩的 C．有激情的 D．聪明的 57．When will the London Olympics be held? A．On August 18． B．At the end of July． C．At the beginning of August．D．In the middle of July． C Summer holidays are coming．Here are two posters for members of English Club in the schoolyard： Science and Technology Museum Opening hours Sunday—Wednesday 10：00am—5： 30pm Charge：$5 What’s on Ancient Technology—the ground floor Modern Technology— the first floor Space —the second floor The silk road： trade and travel — the second floor Please note The museum is closed for 3 days during the Spring Festival every year． Contact us Information desk：73238299 Email：stm99@1,63．com To all climbers! Place: Castle Peak Indoor Climbing Centre Date: 8: 30 am, July, 15 Do: Sign in when you come to the centre. Climb with a partner. Wear a hard hat at all times. Wear the correct climbing shoes. Don’t: Don’t eat or drink anywhere except in the café . Don’t listen to personal music players while climbing. Don’t light fires. Good practice: Use a locker to store your things. Wear loose, comfortable clothing. Wearing jewellery can cause accidents. Talking on a mobile phone while climbing can be dangerous.
58. The exhibition of the Silk Road________. A．downstairs B．on the ground floor C．on the first floor D．on the second floor 59. If you want to visit the Museum on weekend, which of the following is the best time? A．10：00 am，Saturday． B．2：30 pm，Saturday．
C．2：00 pm, Sunday． D．8：30 am，Sunday． 60．While climbing，you’d better________． A．talk on a mobile phone B．stay alone all the time C．1isten to personal music players D．wear the correct climbing shoes 61．It is considered good practice to________． A．keep your things in a locker B．wear jewellery C．eat something when you feel weak D．wear a soft hat at all times D Huckleberry Finn，the great character from the Mark Twain book，did not like school．He preferred floating down the Mississippi River on a raft and looking for adventure．That’s why generations of schoolboys have loved reading Huckleberry Finn：they feel the same way about school as he did． For many boys，being forced to sit all day in a school room is like being punished for a crime they did not commit．There are endless hours of boredom spent learning things they have no interest in．That’s why many boys do poorly in school and many give up on education altogether． Ironically(具有讽刺意味的是)，the whole idea for schools was invented for boys．If a boy wanted to grow up to be a useful man，he had to be educated．By and by，people realized that educating girls was a good idea，too．And，ironically again，it was discovered that the school system suits girls just fine；so fine that girls now do much better than boys in school． No one really knows why that is．Some say that girls mature(发育成熟)quicker than boys and adapt better to school life．Some also say that the school system and the curriculum(课程) have changed to encourage girls but the needs of boys have been overlooked． Educators are now trying to find ways to get boys to be more successful in school．There are suggestions to separate the sexes and teach boys separately．There are also suggestions to change the curriculum to make it more interesting for boys． Whatever the changes are， boys still will be boys， dreams of floating down the Mississippi and River will always be an attractive choice to just sitting in a classroom． 62. Huckleberry Finn is________. A. a boy of Mark Twain’s B. a character in a book C．an American writer D．a river’s name 63．Many boys do poorly in school because________． A. they give up on education B．they’re punished for a crime they did not commit C．they have no interest in the things they’re learning D．they prefer floating down the Mississippi River on a raft 64．The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 means that________． A. more boys are needed B. boys need to be cared about a lot C．the needs of boys have been very important D. People have paid little attention to the needs of boys. 65．Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Girls now do much better than boys in school. B．The school system has changed to encourage girls． C．Girls mature quicker than boys and adapt better to school life． D. The curriculum has changed to be more interesting for boys.
第二卷（共 20 分） 第一节 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中空格里填入最恰当的单词。 （每 空一词,注意单词形式变化） There are mainly two kinds of schools in America, public school and private school. The public schools are supported by the state funds and the private schools are privately supported. While in China, almost schools are supported by the country. The American educational system is considered one of the worst in the world with very badly paid teachers. The man collecting garbage in the streets earns more money than American teachers. There are very overcrowded classrooms and some schools do not have enough money to look after their students properly. While most schools of China seem to be very rich and the teachers are highly respected and well paid. One of famous American teaching belief is “No Child Left Behind”. The American think that the students should be taught by their own abilities, and in doing so, no student must be left behind. There is no doubt that American education is a pure mass education. However, to some degree, Chinese education is still an Elite （精英）education. “Creativity First” is a philosophy that American schools excitated 激发) students. American education emphasizes the importance of creative thinking, while Chinese education emphasizes the comprehension of knowledge. In American classroom the student is the most important person not the teacher, while in Chinese classroom the teacher is the key figure. The American students like to express their own ideas in the class, while the Chinese students like to think in the class. Because of the large population, the competition in Chinese school is fiercer(激烈的). The American students look like lazier than the Chinese students because they do not have to compete to enter universities. In my opinion, although there are many differences between American education and Chinese education, it is very difficult to tell which educational system is more effective than the other. Main comparisons Context ● In America, schools can be private or state funds. The differences in educational environment ● In China the state operates schools. ● Teachers in the US are badly 4 ● Chinese teachers gain high 5 3 by the
. and pay.
The differences in teaching 1
● Students share fair education in America; its education is in fact a pure 6 one. ● In China education is just in favor of intelligent students. ● American Students are encouraged to think 7 . ● In China teachers tell the students to understand knowledge. ● Students are the 8 of a classroom in the US while in China teachers are the most important.
The differences between Chinese and American 2
● American students like usually think instead.
in class; Chinese students
● Chinese students have to be 10 about entering universities while Americans don’t need to. Conclusion : ●These two educational systems differ but both are effective
第二节：书面表达（满分 10 分） 请以 “The differences between the lives of Chinese and British high school students” 为题，写一篇 100 词左右的短文。 开头第一句已经写好， 不计入词数。 关键词提示： school hours; class size; subjects; homework; activities The lives of Chinese and British high school students are quite different. ____________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
单选： 1-5CBCCC 6-10 BDADD 16-20 AABBC 21-25 DCCAA 26-30 DCBDC 完形: 31-35ACCBD 36-40ABBCD 41-45ABCBB 46-50 CBACD 阅读: 51－53:AAC 54－57:BBCB 58－61: DCDA 62－65:BCDD 任务型阅读: 1.beliefs/ideas/ways/methods 2.students/classrooms 3.supported 4.paid 5.respect 6.mass/public 7.creatively 8.center/focus 9.expressing 10.crazy 书面表达: (one possible version) 略
参考答案: 11-15 ABBAD
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