高三英语练习（2016.9） 第一卷 I. Listening Comprehension Part A. Short Conversations Directions: In part A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a
question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. In a restaurant B. On a train C. At a bus stop D. At the airport 2. A. At home B. At a bar C. At a concert D. with some friends 3. A. Teacher and student B. Boss and secretary C. Patient and doctor D. Shop assistant and customer 4. A. $1.40 B. $6.40 C. $4.30 D. $8.60 5. A. She is going away. B. She won’t give up her job. C. She will be sorry to leave. D. She will not buy him a present. 6. A. The man shows the disappointment at what the woman will do. B. The man would like to join them. C. The man suggests the woman should reconsider her plan. D. The man tries to persuade the woman not to go with Jerry. 7. A. The modern art prints are too expensive. B. He really appreciates the woman’s gift. C. He hopes the woman likes modern art. D. People who enjoy modern art would like the prints. 8. A. He hasn’t had time to try it on yet. B. It doesn’t fit him very well. C. He needs a green shirt to have a change. D. He’s not sure whether he likes the pattern. 9. A. The man can’t come for the appointment at 3:15. B. The man wants to change the date of the appointment. C. The man is glad he can get in touch with the doctor. D. The man was confused about the date of the appointment. 10. A. Internet surfing B. Stock exchanging C. Mountain climbing D. Job hunting Section B Passages Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. On Highway 22 B. On Highway 60
C. On Highway 109 D. On Highway 119 12. A. She was driving too fast. B. She was not driving at a required speed. C. She had too many people in the car. D. She was driving in the wrong direction. 13. A. The old ladies were sick in the car. B. The policeman had been rude. C. The women were fined because of their carelessness. D. The driver mistook the highway number for the speed limit. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Positive thinking can make people healthy. B. A better attitude results in a better operation. C. Researchers have observed 16 patients’ recovery during the past 30 years. D. Great attention has been paid to how attitudes affect health. 15. A. The painting was once thought to be worth around $25 million. B. The painting is one of the most expensive pictures ever sold at auction. C. The painting was purchased through TV. D. The quality of the painting has not been seen on the market for more than 10 years. 16. A. At least eight people were killed in the northern part of Guangdong. B. At least eight people died as Beijing River rose to its highest level. C. Though Beijing River reached its highest level in 20 years, it is unlikely to burst its bank at the moment. D. A million people will be affected when the river bursts its banks. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. The woman’s reason for making the call: To enquire about the ____17_____apartment. The address of the apartment: It’s 21 ____18______ Street, New York. The heating facilities: All the rooms have _____19______ fires. The available time: It’s _____20________ from June 1st Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. What’s the name of the program? _______21________ How do westerners treat illness? It’s a bit like ____22______a car. Why is a person ill according to Chinese There is a(n) _____23_____ somewhere traditional medicine? in his body. Why is western medicine also important? It can______24_______ as soon as possible. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) It's a sunny afternoon at Modern Sky, one of China's most popular outdoor music festivals, and 21-year-old rapper Yu Jialang is making his first appearance. Hands (25) ____ (hold) high, excited fans crowd the stage to cheer for Yu, (26) ____ describes himself as "the baddest (informal expression for best, usually used by African-Americans) boy" from his neighborhood, as he busts rhymes in Chinese. Yu is a Beijing university student (27) ____ (major) in drama and film literature, but his true passion is hip-hop. He wants to become one of China's few professional rappers. To promote his music, Yu has been playing gigs (a live performance by someone such as a musician or a comedian) at local clubs (28) ____ beginning of the year and he also volunteers for a popular hip-hop radio show, "Xi Ha Gong Yuan" (the park), (29) ____ he makes occasional appearances. In U.S., rap is popular culture. Rappers like Eminem and 50 Cent have been popular since early 2000s but it was not (30) ____ the Beijing Olympics in 2008 that home-grown hip-hop found a fan base. College student Wang Dazhe, 20, has been fan of hip-hop music since high school. Wang says rap has become more popular among Chinese youth in recent years because many young people like him (31) ____ (raise) to pursue individuality. "When I was in high school, I wanted to be different," says Wang. "And hip-hop music is stimulating, it made me feel excited (32) ____ ____ ____ the fact that I didn't understand much of the lyrics." (B) Explore the other “great wall” of China The ancient Chinese were stonewall masters. China (33) ____ ____ has the world's longest fortification (buildings or walls built to defend a place), the 21,196-kilometer-long Great Wall, but the world's longest circular city wall, the Ming City Wall, which was originally 35 kilometers around. The latter stands in Jiangsu's provincial capital of Nanjing. It's one of China's most underrated tourist attractions and many local residents think it is worthy (34) ____ (visit). Currently, visitors can access only about three kilometers of the wall, but about 22 of the (35) ____ (remain) 25 kilometers of the once-inaccessible wall are scheduled to open to the public soon. "In the past, the wall was the end of the city," says Sun Xiaowei, 32, president of the Nanjing-based urban hiking community. "But now it's the starting point of Nanjing's culture.” Sun recently shared with us the greatest barbican (an outer defensive work) (36) ____ attracts him most: Zhonghua Gate. (37) ____ (locate) immediately to the north of Qinhuai River, Zhonghua Gate, is one of the best preserved and most intricate barbicans in the world, according to Sun. The gate is used as a grand entrance to any tour of the City Wall. It once served as the southern gate of ancient Nanjing, a 15,168-square-meter fortification that contained four layers of defenses, as well as three grand castles, (38) ____ ____ the ruins are connected to each other by a wide ring of wall. If (39) ____ (pay) an entry fee, visitors can view former garrisons, an exhibition about the history and variety of bricks (40) ____ (use) to build the City Wall.
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. pressing B. displayed C. highlight D. anticipated E. refreshing F. status G. striking H. astonished I. buried J. statue K. draw When Emperor Qin Shi Huang (41) ____ his death more than 2,000 years ago, he wanted an army of warriors to guard his tomb forever. So he ordered the creation of some 8,000 terra-cotta soldier to be buried with him. Historians speculate the soldiers were modeled after eight individuals. Since the first (42) ____ was discovered by workers digging a well in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, in 1974, the world has been (43) ____ by the legacy of the powerful emperor. Since then, it has become a major tourist attraction and a World Heritage site. Now, these soldiers have a counterpart: female terra-cotta warriors. A small army of them have been created by Prune Nourry, a Paris-born artist, and they were (44) ____ in the show called "Terracotta Daughters". The difference is these female terra-cotta warriors are not out to protect any emperor, but were created to (45) ____ attention to the difficult situation of girls in China. "In China, there is a huge imbalance between boys and girls. I wanted to (46) ____ the issue of gender preference," said Nourry. And, in a (47) ____ parallel to the terra-cotta soldiers, the terra-cotta girls will also become an archaeological project. After the exhibition, they will be (48) ____ in China until 2030, the year that, according to Chinese sociologists, men will have the hardest time finding a wife because of the skewed gender ratio. "Terracotta Daughters" is impressive in its artistic craftsmanship and social statement. It's a (49) ____ reinterpretation of one of China's national symbols. With these modern female warriors, Prune raises the (50) ____ issue of gender discrimination without pointing fingers at anyone or anything. One looks at these amazing terra-cotta statues and feel compelled to ask -- why aren't there more of them? And why aren't there more girls in China? III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The University of the Arts London (UAL), England's largest art and design university, should be planning the launch of its new campus, which is due to open in September. But this has been destroyed by a collapse in its public funding, which has __51__ UAL to start a radical restructure of its courses. Set to lose more than ? 50m in public funding by 2015, the university, which __52__ six colleges, is having to think creatively about how it might __53__ its financial future. Among other things, it is looking to set __54__ courses in China and the Middle East __55__ putting three of its loss-making courses together and __56__ its range of more profitable postgraduate degrees. It is not the __57__ major art and design school under financial pressure. Goldsmiths also faces the loss of its teaching budget as it only __58__ arts courses, which have been particularly hard hit by the funding cuts.
The postgraduate Royal College of Art (RCA) plans to increase student numbers by 50% __59__ the next three years. But UAL faces perhaps the greatest __60__. As a relatively new university, it has undergone a series of significant structural changes. Nigel Carrington, rector of the UAL, __61__ the university is in a challenging financial position. Not only is it set to lose almost all its public funding for teaching, __62__ like other universities set up after 1992, it has already lost millions of pounds of research funding. "We have to __63__ we are being privatized. We will have __64__ no public funding at all by 2015. We have ? 52m of teaching funding at the moment. We expect __65__ but ? 1m-? 2m of that to have gone by 2015." says Nigel. 51. A. moved B. led C. conducted D. put 52. A. consists B. composes C. comprises D. commits 53. A. ensure B. require C. request D. assure 54. A. off B. on C. up D. in 55. A. while B. when C. because D. since 56. A. exaggerating B. exceeding C. expanding D. exposing 57. A. typical B. true C. mere D. only 58. A. rulers B. runs C. raises D. rises 59. A. against B. over C. to D. behind 60. A. obstacles B. challenges C. regulations D. guidelines 61. A. advocates B. admits C. allows D. appeals 62. A. for B. or C. but D. so 63. A. consume B. conceal C. assemble D. assume 64. A. visibly B. virtually C. vaguely D. voluntarily 65. A. little B. any C. all D. some Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Two friends have an argument that breaks up their friendship forever, even though neither one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, "In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence". Given that this is the case, why aren't students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive ears, or stay physically fit? First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult. For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. Once students recognize that conflict is unavoidable, they can practice the golden rule of conflict resolution: stay calm. Once the student feels calmer, he or she should choose words that
will calm the other person down as well. Rude words, name-calling, and accusations only add fuel to the emotional fire. On the other hand, soft words spoken at a normal sound level can put out the fire before it explodes out of control. After both sides have calmed down, they can use another key strategy for conflict resolution : listening. Listening allows the two sides to understand each other. One person should describe his or her side, and the other person should listen without interrupting. Afterward, the listener can ask non-threatening questions to clarify the speaker's position. Then the two people should change roles. Finally, students need to consider what they are hearing. This doesn't mean trying to figure out what's wrong with the other person. It means understanding what the real issue is and what both sides are trying to accomplish. For example, a shouting match over a peanut butter sandwich might happen because one person thinks the other person is unwilling to try new things. Students need to ask themselves questions such as these: How did this start? What do I really want? What am I afraid of? As the issue becomes clearer, the conflict often simply becomes smaller. Even if it doesn't, careful thought helps both sides figure out a mutual solution. There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student co-operation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves'. Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends, teachers, parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. 66. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that ____. A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 67. Which of the following is something that students should be taught to avoid violence? A. They should understand each other by listening. B. They should get to know that it is impossible not to have conflict at school. C. They should ask some sharp questions to make clear the speaker’s position. D. They should use name-calling to calm others down. 68. After the conflict resolution program was started in Atlanta, it was found that _____. A. there was a decrease in classroom violence B. there was less student cooperation in the classroom C. more teachers felt better about themselves in schools D. the teacher-student relationship greatly improved 69. The writer's purpose for writing this article is to _____. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence (B) The prospect of giving a speech can make even the most experienced speech writer nervous. Nonetheless, speeches can be powerful motivational tools and there are numerous examples of
inspirational speeches that changed the course of history. Here some tips can to give a memorable speech that will motivate your audience. At first, please know your audience. This is crucial to delivering your speech because your message is only as important as the recipients think it is. Learning as much as possible about the audience and what they value will help you form a speech that is inspiring. Find out why people will be attending your speech to better understand the audience's motivation. Second, you should speak with confidence. Speakers should always practice their speech in advance. This helps build confidence and greater familiarity with what you are saying without an audience present. If the speech is truly important, consider video-recording yourself or asking friends to watch while you practice. The feedback can help improve your speech, while watching your speech may prompt you to add something inspirational that you had inadvertently left out. Instead of later thinking, "I should have said...", you can make sure you include everything when you deliver the speech. If hearing your own speech inspires you, it will likely inspire others. Third, maintain a positive attitude and position. Be passionate about your subject. Don't expect your audience to become more enthusiastic about something than you are. Your energy alone can be inspiring as long as it is expressed appropriately. Spark a fire with your energy, just don't burn the place down. And remember to use humor to your advantage. At last, speak clearly using language easily understood by your audience. Select your words purposefully and use powerful words. Avoid industry jargon and words that are long or academic .Instead, incorporate words that encourage emotion or stimulate a reaction. 70. Which one of the following in NOT the effect of practicing beforehand? A. Avoid feeling regretful after the speech. B. Using your facial expression and gestures better. C. Making sure not to miss a single point. D. Building up the speaker’s confidence. 71. Which of the following statement is true? A. You’d better select the words that are powerful and academic. B. Audience are ready to take whatever you talk about. C. Giving a speech always upsets you unless you are experience. D. Using humor in your speech can be a great advantage. 72. The word “incorporate” in the last paragraph means ____. A. appreciate B. avoid C. include D. connect 73. The passage is most possibly taken from the book called ____. A. The World’s Great Speeches B. Speech Science: An Integrated Review of Theory C. Speech Class for Teens D. How To Deliver The Perfect Wedding Speech (C) I've been writing for most of my life. The book Writing Without Teachers introduced me to one distinction and one practice that has helped my writing processes tremendously. The distinction is between the creative mind and the critical mind. While you need to employ both to get to a finished result, they cannot work in parallel no matter how much we might like to think so. Trying to criticize writing on the fly is possibly the single greatest barrier to writing that most of us encounter. If you are listening to that 5th grade English teacher correct your grammar while you are trying to capture a fleeting (lasting only a short time) thought, the thought will die. If you
capture the fleeting thought and simply share it with the world in raw form, no one is likely to understand. You must learn to create first and then criticize if you want to make writing the tool for thinking that it is. The practice that can help you past your learned bad habits of trying to edit as you write is what Elbow calls "free writing." In free writing, the objective is to get words down on paper non-stop, usually for 15-20 minutes. No stopping, no going back, no criticizing. The goal is to get the words flowing. As the words begin to flow, the ideas will come from the shadows and let themselves be captured on your notepad or your screen. Now you have raw materials that you can begin to work with using the critical mind that you've persuaded to sit on the side and watch quietly. Most likely, you will believe that this will take more time than you actually have and you will end up staring blankly at the pages as the deadline draws near. Instead of staring at a blank, start filling it with words no matter how bad. Halfway through your available time, stop and rework your raw writing into something closer to finished product. Move back and forth until you run out of time and the final result will most likely be far better than your current practices. 74. When the author says the creative mind and the critical mind "cannot work in parallel" in the writing process, he means ____. A. no one can be both creative and critical B. they cannot be regarded as equally important C. they are in constant conflict with each other D. one cannot use them at the same time 75. What prevents people from writing on is ____. A. putting their ideas in raw form B. attempting to edit as they write C. ignoring grammatical soundness D. trying to capture fleeting thoughts 76. One common concern of writers about "free writing" is that . A. it overstresses the role of the creative mind B. it takes too much time to edit afterwards C. it may bring about too much criticism D. it does not help them to think clearly 77. In what way does the critical mind help the writer in the writing process? A. It improves his writing into better shape. B. It helps him to come up with new ideas. C. It saves the writing time available to him. D. It allows him to sit on the side and observe. Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Too much eating. Too many unhealthy foods. Too many advertisements for food. Too little activity. Different explanations are offered for America’s weight problem — a problem increasingly shared by other countries. Almost one-fifth of American children and teenagers are overweight.
Schools have been urged to increase physical education, an important tool for public health. And many have. Yet now comes a study showing an increase in the number of injuries in “phys ed” class. Injuries increased one hundred fifty percent between nineteen ninety-seven and two thousand seven. The study involved injuries treated in hospital emergency departments. Only two percent were serious. The researchers did not try to identify the causes of the increase, but they have some theories. Lara McKenzie from Ohio State University was the lead researcher. She says one possibility is a decrease in the number of school nurses during the period they studied. For example, a two thousand four study showed that the number of school nurses nationally failed to meet federal guidelines. Schools without a nurse on duty may be more likely to send an injured child to a hospital. Another possible reason for more injuries is a change in the traditional idea of physical education. This “New P.E.” expands the kinds of sports that are taught. But activities that some schools offer now, like rock climbing and skateboarding, can also expand the risks, says Cheryl Richardson. She is with the National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Also, she says not all states require P.E. teachers to be specially trained. Untrained teachers could be less likely to recognize unsafe conditions. Cheryl Richardson also points to one of the study’s findings — that injuries are often the result of contact with a person or a structure. This tells her that the teachers were not giving each student enough space to move around safely. Six activities produced seventy percent of all injuries: running, basketball, football, volleyball, soccer and gymnastics. The researchers say larger class sizes are another possible reason for the increase in injuries. Larger classes can mean less supervision. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education says twenty to thirty students in a P.E. class should be the limit. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS) 78. How do many schools deal with the problem that more children are overweight? 79. What’s the result of expanding the kinds of sports taught in school? 80. P.E. teachers without special training are more likely to . 81. After reading the passage, could you give at least two suggestions to an American school on how to reduce injuries in “phys ed” classes? 第二卷 I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 受到中国女排获得奥运会冠军的鼓舞，他下定决心要考入自己理想的大学。 （inspire） 2. 球王贝利的预测是如此精确，那些被他提到过的球队最后都淘汰出局了。 （eliminate） 3. 由于很多幼儿园的孩子都提前开始学习英语，一些家长别无选择只能跟风。 （choice） 4. 刚刚公布的改革有点出乎意料，这让许多学生开始考虑要注重全面发展。 （consider） 5. 我们从未想到这两个在不同领域取得成功的女性会有这么多相似之处。 （occur） II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in about 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
下图是妈妈批评孩子时的情景，请写一篇作文，内容必须包括： 1. 描述图片 2．联系你生活中的例子简述你对父母批评孩子的看法
1—5 BBBCB 6—10 CDBDB 11—13 ABD 14—16 ACC 17 furnished 18 Riverside 19 electric 20 vacant 21 Medical 22 a mechanic repairing 23 imbalance 24 release the pain 25 held 25 who 27 majoring 28 since 29 where 30 until 31 have been raised45 32 in spite of 33 not only 34 to be visited 35 remaining 36 that 37 Located 38 of which 39 paying 40 used 41—45 DJHBK 46—50 CGIEA 51—55 BCACA 56—60 CDBBB 61—65 BCDBC 66—69 BAAC 70—73 BDCC 74—77 DBBA 78 By increasing physical education 79 The risks of getting injured increase/expand. 80 neglect unsafe conditions 81 a. increasing the number of school nurse b. avoiding high risk activities c. providing enough space d. employing specially trained PE teachers e. limiting the size of a PE lesson (任选其二) 82. Inspired by the fact that the Chinese women volleyball team won the championship in the Olympics, he was determined to be enrolled by his desired university. 83. The prediction of Pele, the king of football, was so accurate that all the teams mentioned by him were eliminated at last. 84. Since many kindergarten children are learning English ahead of time, some parents have no choice but to follow the trend. 85. The reform released just now was a little unexpected, which made many students begin to consider attaching importance to all-round development. 86. It never occurred to us that the two females who achieved success in different fields would have so many similarities.
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