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话题写作历史地理


高考话题写作
历史、地理与社会 (history, geography&society)

历史与地理写作常用表达: 1.历史背景类

①某地+has a long history of…years. 某地有…年 的历史。 The old town has a long history of 2000 years. ②某地+is

a …place/country with a long history of …years. 某地是具有…历史的地方/国家。 India is a country with a long history. 仿写:中国是一个具有5000年悠久历史的国家.
China has a long history of 5000 years. China is a country with a long history of 5000 years.

2.地理位置 表示“位置”的句型:
① 某地+is/lies+地点状语。某地位于…。 China is/ lies in the east of Asia. ②某地+be located/situated in 地点状语。某地坐落于…。 The new gym is located in the middle of the city. 仿写:广东省位于中国的南部。 Guangdong is/lies in the south of China. Guangdong is located in the south of China.

3.占地面积 表示“占地面积”的句型:
①某地+covers an area of….某地占地…面积。 The town covers an area of 5 square kilometers. ②某地+takes up+ …。某地占…面积。 Xinjiang takes up about one-sixth of our territory(国土). 仿写:这个花园占地大约50平方千米。 The garden covers an area of about 50 square kilometers. The garden takes up about 50 square kilometers.

4.人口情况 ①表述人口的数量 某地+has a large/small population of+数词.
This city has a population of more than 1,000,000. ②面积+人口 某地+covers an area of…with a population of… 仿写:北京,我国的首都,占地16,410平方公里.北京有人口 2,018万人 . Beijing, the capital of our country, covers an area of 16410 square kilometers. Beijing has a population 20.18 million. Beijing, the capital of our country, covers an area of 16410 square kilometers with a population of 20.18 million.

5.自然气候特点

①某地+has a (warm, dry, humid…) climate with
The Sahara desert has a dry climate with little rain.

仿写:海丰气候温和,阳光充足。
Haifeng has a warm climate with abundant sunshine.

6.资源特色 常用的句型有:
①某地+be rich/abundant in 某地含有丰富的…,盛产… China is rich in natural resources. ②某地+be famous/well-known for 某地因…而闻名. The city is famous for its tall buildings. 仿写:这座城市盛产煤和石油,因其丰富的自然资源而闻名. This city is rich in coal and oil, famous for its abundant natural resources.

地点类的写作模式为:地,面,气,城,著 地 ,面 ,气 ,城 ,著
1.地点状语+主句(+ 历史) 2.面积+人口(with 结 构) 3.气候特征

建议运用句型
(分词结构做状语)Located in…, 某地+同位语 ,is …a place which has/with a history of… It covers an area of…with a population of… It has a (warm, dry, humid…) climate with… a historical and cultural city(结合句子运用适当的结构) Famous for…,the special character of…is…

4.历史,文化名城
5.著名特殊之处

实战演练:

广州市,广东省省会,地处广东省中部,是一个有 2000多年历史的古城,总面积7434平方千米,人口 994万.广州市气候温和,雨量充沛,阳光充足.1982 年,广州被选为全国历史文化名城之一.以高科技 世界闻名的广州,正以独特的风采迎接来自四面八 方的游客.
【写作要求: 】写只能使用5个句子表达全部的内容. 【参考词汇: 】参考词汇:省会 capital 高科技:hi-tech 独特的风采 the special character

广州市,广东省省会,地处广东省中部,是一个 有2000多年历史的古城.

Located in the middle of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong, is an ancient city with/which has a history of more than 2000 years.

总面积7434平方千米,人口994万.

It covers an area of 7434 square kilometers with a population of 9.94million.

广州市气候温和,雨量充沛,阳光充足.

It has a warm/mild climate with abundant rain and sunshine. It has a warm/mild climate, abundant rain and sunshine.

1982年,广州被选为为全国历史文化名城之一.

In 1982, Guangzhou was elected as one of the historical and cultural cities in China.

今日以高科技世界闻名的广州,正以独特的风 采迎接来自四面八方的游客.

Famous for its hi-tech products, the special character of the city is attracting tourists from all over the world.

? Located in the middle of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong, is an ancient city with/which has a history of more than 2000 years. It covers an area of 7434 square kilometers with a population of 9.94million. It has a mild climate, abundant rain and sunshine. In 1982, Guangzhou was elected as one of the historical and cultural cities in China. Famous for its hi-tech products, the special character of the city is attracting tourists from all over the world.

能力提高:

中山大学位于广东省的广州市,1924年,孙中山 创办了这所大学。原校名为广东大学,自从1926 年,它以“中山大学”而众所周知。鲁迅,郭沫 若等著名的专家都曾在这里山任教。中山大学有 教师12000人,其中教授近千人。图书馆总面积 11万平方米,藏书488万册,是中国最大的图书 馆之一。

中山大学位于广东省的广州市,1924年,孙 中山创办了这所大学。

Located in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, Zhongshan University was set up by Sun yat-sen in 1924.

原校名为广东大学,自从1926年,它以“中 山大学”而众所周知.

Its original name was Guangdong University, and since 1926, it was famous as Zhongshan University.

鲁迅,郭沫若等著名的专家都曾在这里 山任教。 Many famous experts, such as Luxun, Guo Moruo have ever given lessons here.

中山大学有教师12000人,其中教授近 千人。
There are 12,000 teachers in the university, about 1,000 of whom are professors.

图书馆总面积11万平方米,藏书488万册, 是中国最大的图书馆之一。

The library covers a total area of 110,000 square meters with 488 million books, which is one of the largest libraries in China.

Located in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, Zhongshan University was set up by Sun yat-sen in 1924. Its original name was Guangdong University, and since 1926, it was famous as Zhongshan University. Many famous experts, such as Luxun, Guo Moruo have ever given lessons here. There are 12,000 teachers in the university, about 1,000 of whom are professors. The library covers a total area of 110,000 square meters with 488 million books, which is one of the largest libraries in China.


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