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2015高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类


一、 按大词 (动词、 名词) 记忆
look 的常用短语: look up ? in 查找 look sb. up and down 上下 打量 look back to/ upon 回顾 look upon?as 把? 看作 look forward to 期待 look through 浏览; 看穿 take a new look 呈现新面貌 fear 的常用短语

: in fear 害怕地 (be) in fear of 害怕 for fear of/ that 担心;生怕 concentrate 的常用短语: concentrate on 专心? concentrate one’s mind on 专心于? 类似的短语: fix one’s mind upon focus on put one’s heart into focus one’s mind on surprise 常用短语: in surprise 惊讶地 to one’s surprise 使某人惊 讶的是 be surprise at/to do/that 对某事感到惊讶 表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和 短语 1.表示动作的有: pull on put on dress dress sb 2. 表示状态的有: wear be in be dressed in have … on 常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词 like care for be attached to be keen on be fond of take delight in…

do / try one’s best spare no efforts to do take great pains to do go all out to do do what somebody can (do) to do do all somebody can (do) to do direction 常用短语: in (the ) direction of?. 朝??方向 under the direction of ... 在??的指导下 follow the directions 照说明 去做 far 常用短语: far from (being)离??要求 相差很远 far from +(a place)距离某地 很远 far away 遥远 so far 到目前为止; 那么远 as far as sb. knows/sees 据某 人所知 by far (最高级前,比较级后)起强 调作用 distance 常用短语: in the distance 在远处 from/ at a distance 从远处 keep sb. at a distance 于某人保持一定距离 It is no distance at all.不远 use 常用短语: used to do 过去曾经、常做 be used to doing ?习惯 于?? be used to do 被用来做?? make good/ full use of 充分 利用?? come into use 开始使用?? it is no use doing ?干?? 没有用 “出了什么事”的几种不同表达

trouble 的常用短语: have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在?有/没有困 难 take great trouble to do 不辞辛劳做某事 put sb to the trouble of doing … 为难某人做某事 make trouble 捣乱 be in (great) trouble 惹麻烦;处在困境中 help sb. out of trouble 帮某人摆脱困境 end 的常用短语: come to an end??结束 put an end to 结束?? on end 竖起, 连续 in the end 终于; 最后 end up (by) doing?以?? 结束 make both ends meet 收支相 抵 表示 “导致” 、 “由?引起” 的短语: 1. 导致 cause sth. (to do) result in lead to 2. 由??引起 be caused by result from grow out of lie in 表“全力以赴”的短语:

What’s wrong with….? What’s the matter with…? What’s the trouble with…? What happened (to sb.) ? “众所周知”常用表达法: It is known to all that?主语 从句,that 不能省 As is known to all,定语从 句,置于句首 We all know (that)后接宾语 从句 Everyone knows (that)后接 宾语从句 , which is known to all.非限 定从句,置于句末 表“同意某人意见”的常用短语: agree with sb. /what sb. said agree to sth. approve (of) sth. in favour of sth. be agreeable to sth. be for sth. “不同意” disagree with sb./ what sb. said object to sth. disapprove (of) sth. be against sth. sign 的常用短语: sign one’s name 签名 sign to sb (not) to do sth. 示意某人(不)做某事 signs of … ??的迹象 would rather 与 prefer 的区别 1.宁愿做??而不做?? would rather do A than do B prefer A to B prefer to do A rather than do B 2. would rather 主语 + 过 去式,表示“宁愿” eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today. should prefer sb. to do sth./

should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表 示“比较喜欢??” eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone. OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone. trap 常用短语 be caught in a trap 落入圈套 be led into a trap 中圈套 set a trap to do sth.设圈 套?? be trapped in sth.被?..所围 困 grow 常用短语 in the grow of 在?.成长中 grow up 长大; 成长 grow rich on 靠?.. 变富 grow into 长成?? grow out of 由?..引起/滋生 出

/ meet a need. supply 的常用短语 in short supply 缺乏,不足 medical/military supply 医疗 /军用品 supplies of?许多 lack 的常用短语 be lacking in sth. 在??不 足 make up for the lack of 弥补??的不足 for/by/from/through lack of… 由于?不足,缺乏 have no lack of 不缺 damage 的常用短语 do damage/harm to 对?? 有害 cause damage to 对??造 成损害 ask for damage 要求赔偿 die of 与 die from 的区别 die of 表示“死于??病” 或冻死、气死,或死于过度悲伤。 die of cancer/grief/hunger/anger/cold die from 表示死于外伤、事 故、劳累过度。如: die from polluted air/overwork/sword thrust die 常用短语 die for one’ s country 为国捐 躯 die down 熄灭、平息 die off 绝种、枯死 die away 消逝、静下来 die a heroic death 英勇牺牲 threaten 常用短语 threaten sb. with sth.用?? 威胁某人 threaten to do?威胁做?? under the threat of?在?? 的威胁下 speed 常用短语

make 常用短语 be made up of =consist of 由??组成 make up for 弥补 be made from/ of 由??造 成 make up 编造;组成;化妆 be made into 制成?? make fun of 取笑; 嘲弄 make a living 谋生 supply, provide, offer 的区别: 1.表示“向某人提供某物” supply / provide sb. with sth. supply / provide sth. for sb. supply sth. to sb. offer sb. sth. 2. 表示“主动提出做某事” offer to do sth. 3. 表示“倘使” 、 “假如” provided / providing that = on condition that =only if 4. 表示“满足需要”supply

speed up 加速 at the speed of?以?..的速 度 with great speed 迅速 aim 常用短语 take aim at 瞄准 reach an aim 达到目的 aim at 瞄准、针对 permit 与 allow 的区别 表“允许做某事”或“允许 某人做某事”用法基本相同。 permit/allow doing sth. permit/allow sb. to do sth. permit /allow of sth 一般在独立主格结构中表 示 “时间、 条件等许可” , 多用 permit Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her. allow 还可以表示“承认” 、 “考虑到” 。例如: 1. We allow him to be wronged. 2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays. means 常用短语 by means of 通过?.., 靠?? by this means/ in this way 用 这种方法 by no means/in no case 决不 by all means 用一切办法 keep 常用短语 keep up with 紧跟?.. keep sb. doing sth.让某人一 直做 keep sb. from doing sth.阻 止?..做?? keep off the grass 勿踏草地 keep to the point 紧扣主题 keep in touch with 与??保 持联系 mark 常用短语 make one’s mark 成功、出 名

be marked with 标明 gain/get full marks for ?? 得满分 seat 常用短语 take one’s seat 坐下 have a seat 请坐 see/find sb. seated 看见/发现 某人坐在?. be seated 就座, 坐着 seat oneself in/at/on 使自己 坐在?? 部分 动词+ to + doing 的 用法 look forward to get down to object to devote… to… pay attention to prefer…to… give 常用短语 give up 放弃 give in 让步\屈服 give off 散发出 give away 赠送、泄漏 give rise to 引起?? give out 疲劳、用完、散发 出 fit 常用短语 be fit for 适合 keep fit/keep healthy 保持健 康 be fit to do 适合于?.. fit in with 适应?? a nice fit 合身的衣服 ?fit sb.某人穿?.. 合身 reach 常用短语 reach an agreement 达成协 议 reach for?伸手去拿/ 够?? within / out of reach 够得到/ 够不着 reach sb’ s understanding 使

某人明白 一 make a choice keep up with keep pace with plenty of roll up 做出选择 跟上 赶上 与……同步

\a number of 大量 变成卷形 ; 卷起 按……看法;

dress up 打扮;装饰;盛装 in one’s opinion 依……的观点; have faith in = believe in play a trick on 某人 to one’s joy\delight 使 某人高兴 take in call on 摄取;欺骗 访问;号召;邀请 拿回;使恢复 还清;付清 挣、赚钱 表演;付出行动 开……玩笑;欺骗

bring back pay off act out 量;许多 test on try on

day and night 日日夜夜 earn\make money

a great deal of (修饰不可数)大 在……上做实验

around the corner 即使来临; 在拐 角处 die down (声音)变弱;平息;消 失 come to terms with make up turn to 向 go sailing go camping depend on and soon = etc make fun of make use of 驾船航行;帆船运动 宿营 依赖;依靠 等等 取笑;嘲笑 利用 回溯;追溯到 甘心忍受 take possession of 占有;占领 组成;构成;占…… 开始干;求助于;转

date back to\from

be on good terms with 系好 look on… as 作

与……关

keep in mind free from pay attention to contribute to

记住 不受……影响 注意 为……作贡献

look into

调查

every now and then 不时地 get/be tired of 对…..厌倦 cool off 冷却; 变凉 take a chance 冒险; 碰运气 in vain 白费 insist on 坚持 put out 出版; 产生;扑灭 in turn 依次; 轮流 get round=get about 活动; 四处走 动 get used to 习惯于 allow for 顾及;为……做准备 get stuck 困住 break away from 摆脱;脱离 be aware of 知道意识到 after all 毕竟 pay back 偿还 keep track of 保持联系 have mercy on 怜悯 as far as I know 就…..而言=in terms of at the mercy of 由 ……摆布/控制 lend a hand 帮助 注意 ; 宾语从句中用虚拟语气 (should )加动词原形:

把……看作\当

regard…as , consider…as….think of… as… ahead of advance get through tear down down hold up make a face in order 分 focus…on 以……为中心 使…...不……, prevent…from… keep….from stop … from manage to… 词组短语: if;live trough protect …from 努力做成 try to do as though=as 度过;经受住; 举起;拿出 做鬼脸 整齐;按顺序= tidy 把……分成 部 通过;度过;到达 拆除;推倒 pull 在……前;更早 in

=make contribution to in general 一般地,大体地 light up play with call up fill up with 照亮;使……放光彩 玩耍;游戏 召唤;使想起 用……装 爱上……

fall in love with

relate…to 与……有关 go up 上升,增长 cheer up 体;装配 短语: set foot in 涉足; 到达 have an effect on 对……影响…… rely on= depend on come to life 苏醒; 复活; put forward 提出 aim at 旨在;瞄准 set out 出发; 上路 make a living 谋生 apply to 申请 in public 公开 使振奋;使高兴起来 把……结合成整 put…together

divide… into…

保护……不受危险 威胁危害

all of a sudden=suddenly 突然 knock about 漫游;on board calm down 力 at hand 在手边 advise sb. (not) to do sth. 劝某人 (不)做某事 advise doing take part in 建议做某事 参加 与……协调 联合国 wipe out 消灭,擦干净 in harmony with in case of in the case of a list of 清单 镇静,平静 上船;

cut up 切碎 benefit from 得益于; 受益于; all the way 一路上;一直 take advantage of 对……加以利 用 give off 释放 a variety of 各种各样的 put in prison 把……投入监狱 set an example to/for 给 ……树立 榜样 from then on 从那时起 start with 以 …… 开始 regardless of 不管; 不顾 at first sight 乍 一看

一坚持;insist; 二命令;order;command; 三建议;advise;suggest;propose; 四要求;
demand;require;request;claim;

drawl one’s attention to 吸引注意

五渴望;desire;; 六催促、敦促; urge;
feed 常用短语 feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用??喂养?? be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with… 对??感到厌倦 feed on 以??为食 mercy 常用短语

the UN-Untied Nation

假使,以防 在……情况下

without mercy 残忍地 have mercy on /upon 对??表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭摆布 beg for mercy 乞求饶恕 exist 常用短语 exist in/lie in/consist in 存在 于?? in existence 现存的 come into existence/ come into being 形成 opinion 常用短语 in one’s opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人看来 have a high/ low opinion of 对??评价高/低 give one’s opinion on 对??谈自己的看法 persuade 常用短语 persuade sb. to do = persuade sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 try to persuade sb. to do 试图说服某人做某事 persuade sb. to sth. 说服某人同意某事 engage 常用短语 be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚 be engaged in sth. = be engaged doing sth. 忙于??, 从事某事 wide 与 broad 的区别 它们均可以表“宽”和“广 阔的” a river 50 feet wide/ broad 指身体部位“宽肩、宽背” 一般用 broad, 表示 “睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一 般用 wide。 broad shoulders/ back with wide eyes open one’s mouth wide wide 还可以作副词,表示

“完全、大大地” be wide awake be wide open sure 常用短语 be sure of/about 对??由把握 be sure to do sth. 肯定会?? make sure + that-clause 务必??,一定要?? make sure of… 弄清楚?? experience 常用短语 have experience in… 在??有经验 be experienced in… 在??有经验 pain 常用短语 take great pains to do 努力做某事 spare no pains to do 全力以赴做某事 stick 常用短语 stick to sth. 坚持?? stick …on… 粘贴?? be stuck in … 陷进?? stick no bills 请勿张贴 spare 常用短语 spare money/time for 省出钱?,腾出时间 in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 spare no efforts to do 不遗余力去做 don’t spare the opinions 不要保留意见 put down 的不同含义 put down (one’s knife and fork) 放下?? pit down the rebellion

镇压 put down what sb. says 记下,写下 take up 的不同含义 take up a hobby 培养?? take up football 开始?? take up the work 继续?? take up…time/space 消耗,占据?? take up a post 就职 take up a song/ cry 跟着一起?? habit 常用短语 form/get the habit of 养成??习惯 be in/have the habit of 有??.习惯 get into the habit of 沾染了??恶习 get rid of the habit= grow out of the habit= break away from the habit 改掉了??习惯

二、 按小词 (介词、 副词) 记忆
l.动词+about speak/talk about 谈论 think about 思考 care about 关心,对……有兴 趣 bring about 引起,使发生

set about 着手,开始 come about 发生 hear about 听说 为……担心 worry about

2.动词+away throw away blow away 扔掉 吹走

收费,要价 apply for 申请 误以为……是 seek for 寻找 来拿,来取 5.动词+down take…for

wonder at 惊讶 拜访(地点) 7.动词+from come for differ from 与……不同 from 受……苦
hear from 收到……来信

call at

carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear away 清除掉,消散

suffer

die from

die away 逐渐消失,减弱 pass away 去世 wash away 冲走 拿走,使消失
put away

因……而死 burn down 烧毁 break down 坏了,垮了,分解 take down 记下,记录 调小,拒绝 cut down 削减,砍倒 down 慢下来 pass down 传下 下,写下,镇压 calm down bring down 倒下 turn down learn from 向……学习 result from 由于 slow date from 始于……时 记 separate…from 把……分离 开 8.动词+of think of 想到 dream of 梦到 consist of 由……组成 speak of 谈到 approve of 赞成 die of 死于 talk of 谈到 hear of 听说 complain of 抱怨 become of 发 生……情况,怎么啦 9.动词+off start off 出发 leave off off 炫耀 出发 set off keep/stop/prevent…from 不 让……做

take away

收拾起来, 存起来 背弃, 泄漏, 赠

give away 送

put down

wear away break away

磨掉,消耗 摆脱 turn away

平静下来 使……降低,使

send away 让走开 把……打发走 3.动词+back keep back back(on) hold back give back

settle down 安家 down 下落,传下 look tear down 拆毁,拆除 6.动词+at come at 向……袭击 冲(某人)嚷嚷

come

隐瞒,忍住 回顾 控制住 归还 take

shout at

call back 回电话 back 拿回,收回 4.动词+for

run at 冲向,向……攻击 work at run for 竞选 for 要求得到 wait for 等候 代表,表示 long for 渴望 for 希望得到 care for for search for look for call for hunt for 关心, 喜欢 乞求 查找 寻找 需要,要求 寻找 ask 究) tear at 用力撕 看,注视 stare at 凝视 怒视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh at 嘲笑 knock at 敲(门、窗等) point at 指向 smile at 冲(某人)笑 向……打击 aim at 向……瞄准 向……射击 strike at look at 干……活动(研

stand for

中断

show

glare at

hope/wish

get off 下车 off 脱下,起飞 see off 送行 off 挂断电话 put off 延期,推迟 off 脱落,褪色 cut off 切断,断绝 跌落,掉下

take

beg

ring

come

fall off

shoot at

change…for 用……换 charge…for

keep off

避开,勿走近

set out 着手,摆放 wear out 疲劳

出发,

go off 走开;消失;坏了,爆炸, 不喜欢 knock…off 把……撞落 break off 打断 pay off 还清 携走带走,赢得 get off 脱下(衣服等) give off 散发出 turn(switch) off 10.动词+on depend on on 依靠 依靠 rely 关掉 carry off

收获,进入 break in 强制进入,插话 fill in 填写 call in

get in

穿破,使?? 召集,来访 cut in 插入 persist in 坚持 look in 来访,参观

turn out 结果是,生产, 培养 理解,看清楚 come out 出 版,出来 cross out 划掉 leave out 省略,删掉 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 work out 法等 find out 查出,弄明白 give out 发,分发,用完 散 算出,想出办 make out

13.动词十 into look into 研究,调查 turn into 变成 burst into 闯入,进发 divide?into 把??分成 change?into 把??变成 put/ translate?into 把??译成 run into 碰到 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状 态 14.动词+over turn over 翻倒,细想 think

insist on 坚持 on 继续,进行 keep/go on 继续 spend…on 在……花钱 put on 穿上,戴上,上演 call on 拜访

carry

try out 试用,试验 look out 当心,提防 put out 胆讲出 hand out 发出,派遣 run out 用完 go out 熄灭 let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出 租 die out 灭 绝 12.动词十 in 散发 send out 扑灭 speak out 大

move on 继续移动,往前走 live on 以……为生 feed on 以……为生 on 使……发展 bring

take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等) try on 试穿 have on 穿着 on 传授,传递 look on 旁观 turn(switch) on 打开 pass

over

仔细考虑 审阅,检查,研究 look over 克服 run

go over 翻阅,检查 get over over give in 让步 hand in 上 交 over bring in 引进,使得到收入 drop in 拜 访 over result in 导致 succeed in 在??获成功 join in 参加 take in 纳,吸收,改小 接 to 反对 翻滚

压死,看一遍 watch 看守,照看 roll

11.动词+out break out 爆发 指出 pick out 选出 算出,理解 point out figure out

take over 接管,接替

fall over 跌倒,摔倒

burst out 进发 bring out 阐明,使表现出 carry out 执行,进行 help out 救助 hold out 坚持下去

15.动词十 to belong to 属于 object

refer to 指向

谈到,涉及,参阅 point to

turn to 向??求助,查阅 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 see to to 处理,料理 come 共计,苏醒 reply to 答复 get to 到达 bring to 使苏醒把??比 作 compare?to 与?相比;把?比作 agree to 同意 write to 写信给 supply?to 为??提供 lead to 导致,通向 add to 专心,照料 增添 attend to 处理, 贡献给

look up 查找,找出 bum up 烧毁 catch up 赶上 hurry up 赶快 fix up 修理,安排,装置 keep up 保持 hold up 耽搁,使停顿 send up 发射 ring up 打电话 open up 开创,开辟 divide up 分配 break up 分解 17.动词十 through get through 通过,干完,接 通电话 look through 翻阅, 看一遍,仔细查看 go through 审阅,检查,学习 put? through 接通电话 see through 识破 check through 核对 pull through 渡过危机,康复

add up to 总计 break away from 摆脱 keep away from 避开,别靠 近 do away with 废除 look down on 轻视 look up to 仰望,尊敬 put up with 忍受 catch up with 赶上 keep up with 赶上 run out of 用完 make up for 弥补 go on with 继续 get on(along) with 和??相 处 look forward to 盼望 get close to 接近 take hold of 握住

18.动词+with deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理,需要 meet with 遇到,遭受 talk with 同??交谈 agree with 同意, 与??一致 compare with 与??相比 combine with 与??相联合 equip? with 以??装备 cover?with 用??覆盖 begin with 以??开始 end up with 以??结束 get out of 逃避,避免

devote?to 16.动词+up

get down to 认真开始 set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to 注意 take notice of 注意 set an example to 为??榜样 do well in 在??干得好 pay a visit to 访问 take a photo of 拍??照片 take the place of 取代

grow up 成长,长大 give up 放弃,献出 build up 建立 set up 架起、建立 put up 搭起,架起,安装, 住宿,张贴,盖起 do up 整理, 包装, 打扮 go up 增长, 上涨 get up 起 床,站起 pick up 拾起,学会,用车, 来接,收听到 bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 turn up 开大(音量 等),出席 stay up 挺住,熬夜 take up 开始学,从事, 占据 sit up 熬夜 eat up 吃 完 use up 用完 tear up 撕碎 lay up 储存 make up 构成, 组成 编造 弥补 cut up 切碎 join up 联结起来,参军 end up 总结 come up 上来, 长出, 出现 speed up 加快速度 throw up 呕吐 clear up 整理,收拾,放晴

supply?with 以??供给 provide?with 以??供给 play with 玩,玩弄 19.三词以上的短语动词

三、 易混短语强化记忆
1. in turn 一个接一个地 in return 作为回报 I tried to do a good deed, but this is what I got in return,

by turns=one after the other take turn to do sth.轮流做某事 turn secretary=become a secretary turn to sb ( for help ) turn up=appear turn out=prove to be / produce turn down 拒绝=refuse;音量调 低 ;向下翻; 2. If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can't speak a word of French? 她假若在巴黎呆了五年,怎麽 一句法语都不会说呢? come across 越过某处;被理解; 偶然发现, 偶然遇到 come into being/existence 出现, 开始形成,建立 come into use/service 开始使 用 (无被动) come out 出来; 出发;出版;名 列…; (总数等)达到(+ at/to) come to light 泄露 (真相) ; 被发 现 cf. Your statement does not throw light on the subject. 并没有
说明问题

come true 实现,变成现实 My dream has come true. 我的一个梦 想实现了。 Cf. realize one’s dream reach one’s goal turn sth into reality come up 升起;走进;种子生长 发育; 被提出 come up with an idea(突然)想 出办法
3. go all out to do sth 全力以赴去

做某事 =try one’ best to…=do what / all one can to… go beyond 超出;超出…的能力 go beyond one’s ability / imagination / control go in for 参与,参与(竞赛等) ; 从事(某项工作) ;爱好,酷爱 go out (火)熄灭,过时了 cf. put out the fire(灭火) put off 推迟, 延期( put off the

meeting ); put down the rebellion(镇 压) go with 相配 (同义词 match / go along with) 4. keep in touch with 与…保持联系 (指状态) get in touch with (指动作) keep up your courage 保持勇气, 别泄气 keep up with 跟上 catch up with 赶上 5. look down upon/ on sb 轻视某 人;鄙视某人/某物 look on /upon sb./sth. as 把...看 作.(近义词组: regard…as; treat…as; consider…as/to be) look over 对…审阅; 粗略地看; 翻 阅 look up a word in a dictionary 查 阅… look through 透过…看(尤指空 隙或透明物体等) ; (从头到尾)初 略地翻阅 look up to sb 尊敬某人 look sb. in the eye 盯着 6. make oneself at home(如同在家 一般)随便些,不必客气 make arrangements for 为…做安排 make a been line for 取捷径前往 make room for 让出地方, 腾出空 间 make the best of 充分利用 ,尽量 利用 make the most of 尽量利用, 善于 利用 make up for lost time/ground 加紧 努力补回失去或落后的时间 make oneself heard / understood 使 自己被别人听到/听懂理解 make good /no sense 有意义/没意义 make tea/coffee 泡茶/咖啡 make for 有助于,使成为 Cultural exchanges make for mutual understanding. 7. put away 放好;收起来;把…放 在原位;储藏 放弃 put aside 放在一边;抛弃;暂时

不做;留出(时间),省出(钱) put sth. in order(使)整齐 put on weight 增加体重(lose weight 减肥,减少体重) put on your clothes 穿衣 take off your clothes 脱衣 put an end/stop to 制止,使停止, 结束 cf. come to an end(某事)结 束 end up with failure 以 失败而告终 put up with 和某人住在一起; 忍受, 忍耐=bear / stand put through 做成,完成;接通电话 使通过考试;使经历(难受的事) 8. take sb. by surprise (出人意料 地)攻占;撞见 take A for B 把 A 误认为是 B take sb./sth. for granted 认为…是必 然情况,视为当然 take sth. into account/consideration 加以考虑;予以重视 take advantage of 利用; 占…的 便宜 take the opportunity of 抓住机会; 利用(机会) take charge of 开始负…的责; 看管; 控制 take it easy=Don’t be nervous take your time 从容 Take your time. There is still half an hour left. take the place of 代替 cf. stand for 代表 take on a new look 呈现新面貌 take off 脱下,起飞 take on sb 雇用 =employ sb=hire sb take in fresh air=absorb take up 占据(时间,地方);从事于 take up space / much time take up a city 攻占城市 take up arms (against)拿起武器反 对…,武装起来与…作对 take over 接管,接替 9. turn down 拒绝;音量调低 ;向 下翻; turn out 制造出,生产出,培养 出;结局是,结果是;原来是

It turns out that 知道是…,结果证 明是 It is one's turn to do sth 轮到某 人做某事 turn over a new leaf 重新生活, 改过 自新 turn in sth to sb 上交 10. not a little=much not a bit =not at all=not in the least ---Are you hungry? ---Not a little. I could eat a horse. 11. break away from (the Union ) 脱离(联邦) get rid of bad habit 去掉 do away with 废除 12. drop in at a place drop in on ab 顺便拜 访 13. due to=caused by The acci dent was due to careless driving. owing to=because of Owing to the rain they could come. thanks to=as a result of Th anks to your help we were succe ssful. 14. feel like doing=would like to do… 15. figure out=imagine=work out make out 辩认,拼凑 16. have a gift for=be talented at 17. in short 简言之 in a word 一句话 18. knock into sb=happen to mee t sb cf. knock sb down 撞倒 19. let out a cry of surprise= cry out 20. It is no wonder that … There is no doubt that … 21. on show 在展出 cf. show off one new cloth es 炫耀 22. out of order=in a mess / sth goes wrong in (good) order 23. pick up sb 开车去接 pick out=choose

24. run short of run out of=use up Our supplies have run short (不用被动语态)=We have run short of supplies. 25. run for 竞选 call for=ne ed send for a doctor=ask sb to go to fetch a doctor apply for the position 申请 run into sb=(suddenly) see sb 撞 上/碰到 26. set about to do sth=set out to do sth 27. burst out laughing car ry out a plan 执行 The war broke out in late au tumn. His shoes were worn out. wear out 穿破 28. cut down the price 削减 cut off electricity 切断 29. call off a meeting=not hold …取消 see sb off at the a irport 送行 set off for the first destinatio n 30. break in 打断/插入 be engaged in 从事 31. reply to sb=answer sb stick to sth / to doing sth see to sb=take care of sb take to 开始, 喜欢, 沉溺于, 走 向, 照料, 求助于, 适应 take to gardening when one r etires take to drink ing get down to some solid work 认 真开始? object to sth/ doing …反对 32. tear up a letter 撕… keep up one’s coura ge 保持… bring up a child 抚养… break up a family 拆散…

stay up late at night=do not g o to sleep until very late 33. pass away=die die away = (sound ) gradually disappear 34. cut through=take a shortcut see through one’s trick I couldn’t get through; the li ne was busy. 35. in charge of 负责 in the charge of,意味着在…管理 下 36. add up to 总计 add to=increase 增加/添加 37. all at once=all of a sudden=suddenly 38. give out 散发,分发,用完 give away 背弃,泄露,赠送 39. keep … safe to remain safe : cf: remaining food(剩菜剩饭)=leftover to stay safe 40. What do you think of your n ew job? How do you like your new j ob ? How do you find your new job? 你认为你的新工作怎么样?


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