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山东潍坊2014届高三三月一模英语试题答案详解


山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。第 I 卷 1 至 10 页,第Ⅱ卷 11 至 l2 页。满分为 150 分。考试用时为 120 分钟。 第 I 卷(共 105 分) 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目涂写在答题卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再 选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上。 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l.5 分。满分 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. It is reported that A.the;不填 recently discovered painting may be C.a;不填 D.the;a Van Goph.

B.a;the

2. ---Alice had an accident on her way to school yesterday. --? She is always careful. B.Why not C.So what D.What for

A.How come

考点:考查情景交际。 3. We can go on Tuesday or Friday, you preler.
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
A.whenever B.however C.whatever D.whichever

4. As Mrs Roosevelt put A.it B.that

,I'd rather light a candle than complain about the darkness. C.this D.them

5.

according to the instructions,the medicine will work for your headache. C.Taken D.Take

A.To take B.Taking

6. ---That must have been a terrible experience. ---Yeah.I A.was stuck in the damaged car,unable to move. B.have been stuck C.am stuck D.had been stuck.

must have done 可知句子讲述的是过去发生的事情,应该用一般过去时,答案选 A 考点:考查动词时态。
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
7. Tom had been studying French hard for nearly three years A.after B.when C.since D.before he mastered it.

8. It suddenly occurred to me A.which B.where

I hadn?t locked my door. C.that D.whether

9He drank up the whole bottle of milk,not A.1eave B.leaving C.1eft

even a drop to his little brother. D.to leave

10. Life is like an onion, A.that B.which

sometimes makes you weep when you try to open it. C.as D.what

排除 A、D 选项;as 引导非限制性定语从句表示“正如,就像” ,which 引导非限制性定语从句表示“这,

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

第二节 完形填空(共 30 小题;11—20 题每小题 l 分,21—40 题每小题 l.5 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A There are many taxi drivers in our city.They often like to chat with passengers to 11 time when the taxis are caught in traffic jams. The other day, I went home by taxi. Knowing I was a student, the driver told me that he was once a student twenty years ago. 12 , his family could not afford the school fees, so he dropped out of school at an early age. He 13 me to work hard and go to a good college. I was moved by his kindness, but what really impressed me next was his 14 .After arriving home,I soon realized that I had 15 my cell phone in the taxi.Greatly 17 from tlle

worried,I immediately called my number,16 the driver would answer.Then came the driver's

other end.He told me he had been 18 my call and that he would gladly return my phone where he dropped me off earlier that day.Thanks to the driver, I got my phone 19 .I believe honesty is one of the greatest 20 a person should have.Thank you ever so much,Mr.Taxi driver. 【小题 1】A.have B.kill C.spend D.1ive

【小题 2】A.Unfortunately B.Unusually 【小题 3】A.persuaded 【小题 4】A.modesty 【小题 5】A.forgotten 【小题 6】A.begging 【小题 7】A.whisper 【小题 8】A.making 【小题 9】A.over 【小题 10】A.advantages B.ordered B.ability B.placed B.praying B.noise B.expecting B.through

C.Absolutely D.Accurately C.required C.honesty C.left C.thinking C.sound C.refusing C.back D.encouraged D.security D.dropped D.saying D.voice D.fearing D.across D.images

B.achievements C.qualities

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
【小题 4】C

司机能接电话,可以把电话归还给他,故答案选 B。

定短语 get sth back“取回” ,答案选 C。
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

B When my parents were alive, they were not very rich. Yet they helped their two older 21 time after time. When Daddy passed away,his notebook showed debts 22 from several of his children.I was not among them.I 23

borrowed money and when I did,I set a repayment plan and 24 to it.It was a matter of 25 with me.I couldn?t stand owing my parents-or anyone else-mmoney because I watched them 26 to help out my older sisters when they were in financial difficulties themselves. These days,after the death of my parents,I am one of those people who can be 27 to for help when they need it.Just as I can?t stand 28 other people money,I can?t stand saying no to whoever needs help.I don?t 29 helping others,but I would be more than glad if they would make a(n) 30 to handle things themselves,perhaps by doing some 31 planning-like planning not to speend money they don?t have! Being ready to help others is a 32 ,but sometimes the result will be 33 to what you expect.I 34 remember as a child what my father always said, “If at first you don?t succeed,try,try again!” Helping my children too often has 35 them from learning to keep trying.Use your 36:who among my children will 37 to walk if I supply the money to buy a car? Helped often,my children lost gradually the ability to 38 problems themselves. In most 39 know. 【小题 1】A.sons 【小题 2】A.absent 【小题 3】A.always 【小题 4】A.stuck 【小题 5】A.pleasure 【小题 6】A.struggle 【小题 7】A.referred 【小题 8】A.cheating 【小题 9】A.enjoy 【小题 10】A.comment 【小题 11】A.financial B.daughters B.apart B.seldom B.attached B.courage B.happen B.turned B.donating B.mind B.mess B.flexible C.brothers C.due C.often C.agreed C.pride C.intend C.seen D.sisters ,when people find you can 40 help,they will ask you more and more.That's human,you

D.different D.never D.belonged D.sorrow D.move D.attended

C.1ending D.owing C.1ike C.excuse C.typical
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D.miss D.effort D.particular

山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
【小题 12】A.deed 【小题 13】A.contrary 【小题 14】A.can 【小题 15】A.banned 【小题 16】A.aHn 【小题 17】A.wait 【小题 18】A.solve 【小题 19】A.affairs 【小题 20】A.obtain B.deal B.essential B.may B.protected B.leg B.urge B.assess B.choices B.attain C.virtue D.task

C.potential D.necessary C.shall D.must

C.prevented D.freed C.body C.threat C.seek C.cases C.provide D.head D.choose D.analyse D.events D.prefer

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

【小题 20】C

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

己很少陷入财政问题,所以父母去世后,姐姐们会找他帮忙,turn to sb for help“找人求助” ,答案选 B。

【小题 12】C 名词辨析。A.美德,品德; B.交易; C.美德;D.任务。从情理可知帮助别人是一种
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

第二部分阅读理解 (共 25 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 50 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Shirley Temple(1928—2014),an American actress,was considered among the most successful child stars in the history of film.Born by an ambitious mother,Temple first appeared in a film at the age of three,and at six she starred in Stand Up and Cheer (1934).Known and recognized for her ability to sing and tapdance in several films, Temple became a famous figure in 1934.At the end of that year she was given a special Academy Award “in grateful recognition of her outstanding contribution.??
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
During the Great Depression of the l930s,Temple was celebrated by an adoring public.At the height of her popularity, from l935 to 1938, Temple was the biggest box-office attraction in Hollywood. Temple made a number of films as a teenager,but her appeal had faded,and the films were not successful.In l949, Temple depaaed elegantly from Hollywood. Two decades later,she reappeared into the spotlight by announcing her qualification as a candidate for Congress.She lost the election,but Temple displayed her determination and went on to enjoy a long and successful:career with the United Nations and the State Department. After retirement,she reposed that she was at peace with her life and proud of her accomplishments in two of the nation?s most influential areas.“If I had to do it all over again.??Shirley Temple once declared,??I wouldn?t change anything.?? 【小题 1】Temple became famous at the age of A.3 B.6 C.10 D.2l

【小题 2】What do we learn from Paragraph 2 ? A.Temple was still popular in l949. B.Temple was a failure as a child star. C.Hollywood made a big fortune because of Temple. D.People became tired of Temple in the Great Depression. 【小题 3】Temple attracted people’s attention again when A.she entered Congress B.she worked for the UN C.she went on with the pohtical life D.she announced to participate in the election 【小题 4】We know-from the last paragraph that Temple A.wanted to lead a different life B.regreued having left Hollywood C.was content with her experiences D.was sorry about her election failure 【小题 5】Which of the following best describes Temple? A.3pecial and generous. B.Patient and sensitive.

C.Attractive and humorous.D.Talented and determined.
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

B Starting in l972,the National Park Service established a policy for forest fires calle Natural Burn.It was acknowledged that some forest fires,such as those caused by lightning were necessary for forests to maintain balanced ecosystems,so the fire should be allowed to burn.However, a big fire in Yellowstone National Park in l988 caused this policy to be abandoned since the fire was initially allowed to burn yet soon out of control.As a result,the fire of l988 destroyed much of Yellowstone,which is America?s oldest and most beloved national park.Massive areas of plants were destroyed,and large empty spaces and acres of burned and blackened trees
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
greeted visitors.The rivers and streams were choked with ash,and the ecosystem of the park was changed beyond repair. In addition,great numbers of animals were killed by the fires that bumed out of control. The fires were driven by high winds,moving as many as ten miles a day.Many small animals died in the flames.The fires? rapid advances gave the wildlife little chance to escape. Even today,few of these small forest animals have returned to live in the park. In the years immediately following the fires,the numbers of visitors declined rapidly.No one was interested in seeing a blackened and treeless park on vacation.Yellowstone had previously been famous for its amazing views and unique geological formations such as the geyser Old Faithful. But now its reputation as America's wonder is damaged permanently. 【小题 1】Natural Burn was adopted because some forest fires were A.hard to put out B.started by lightning C.good for the balance of nature D.approved by National Park Service 【小题 2】The big fire in Yellowstone in 1988 A.became out of control at first B.destroyed the park completely C.was allowed to burn continuously D.brought the natural burn policy to an end 【小题 3】Why were so many animals killed in the big fire? A.Because winds were blown from high places. B.Because the animals moved only ten miles a day. C.Because the animals lived in lower places. D.Because strong winds contributed to the fire a lot. 【小题 4】Yellowstone was famous for its A.rare animals B.unique plants . C.beautiful scenery D.little streams . .

【小题 5】The text probably comes from A.a science fiction C.a commercial ad B.a news report

D.a geography magazine

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

C Do you like shopping? Or does the thought of wandering round the shops fill you with terror? For some of us, shopping is an enjoyable way of spending our spare time and our money. For me.it's something I would rather avoid.Thank goodness for the Internet! It's more convenient to buy CDs,electrical items,even food,from the comfort of your sofa.But that?s not the only reason:price is an important factor.We can buy goods and services cheaper online. But sometimes the problem is knowing what to buy.This has led to a type of shopping called “showrooming”. Showrooming is something I've done.I will go to a shop to see,touch and try out products but then go home

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
and buy them online at a knock—down price. I'm not alone in doing this. Research by a company called Foolproof, found 24%of people showroomed while Christmas shopping in 2013. Amy Cashman, Head of Technology at TNS UK, says the reasons for this new shopping habit are that“people are lacking time,lacking money and they want security about the products they are buying.”She explains that consumers are not only shopping online at home but they are using the Internet in store or on their smartphones to shop around. But does this mean technology will kill shops? Certainly shops will change.They will have to offer more competitive prices or encourage people to buy more by giving in—store discounts or free girls. We mustn?t forget that buying in a shop means you can get expert advice from the sales assistant and you can get good aftercare.It?s good to speak to a real human rather than look at a faceless computer screen but at least by showrooming,you get the best of both worlds! 【小题 1】The two questions in Paragraph l are raised to A.introduce the topic C.compare different opinions B.give two examples D.get answers from readers

【小题 2】What does showrooming mean in the text? A.Trying in shops and buying online. B.Showing products in a room. C.Buying something in a store. D.Shopping on the Internet. 【小题 3】According to Amy Cashman,which is not the reason for showrooming? A.The lack of time. C.The shortness of money. B.The comfort of the sofa. D.The security of the product.

【小题 4】What can be inferred from Paragraph 4 ? A.Online shops will disappear. B.Free gifts will surely promote sales. C.Shops need necessary changes. D.Shops will be replaced by online shops. 【小题 5】The author's attitude towards showrooming is A.critical B.neutral C.supportive D.casual

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

D Today,we are told,children don?t spend enough time in the fresh air.Many of them are addicted to a screen either on a computer or a TV—they seem to be living in a virtual world.They have lost touch with nature. But now 400 organizations in the UK, from playgroups to the National Health Service, are encouraging children to have some“wild time”.They want kids to swap at least 30 minutes of watching TV or playing computer games for time playing outside.Activities such as building dens, climbing trees, rummaging for conkers and playing hide and seek are just some of the things kids can do. Even if they live in a city,they can go on adventures in the garden or
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
the park. Children often need a helping hand from mum and dad.They need to be shown what to do and where to go.Andy Simpson from National Health Service says,“We want parents to see what this magical wonder product does for their kids? development,independence and creativity,by giving wild time a go”. So despite the complicated world that young people grow up in now,it seems that going back to basics and experiencing“nature?s playground”is what modern children need.David Bond from Project Wild Thing says,“We need to make more space for wild time in children?s daily routine,freeing this generation of kids to have the sort of experiences that many of us took for granted”. This might sound a bit old fashioned to you or maybe,like me,it?s made you think about sticking on your boots,getting outdoors and reliving your childhood.There?s no age limit on enjoying yourself! 【小题 1】What is the best title of the text? A.Wild time for children C.More space for children B.Benefits of wild time D.Adventures of children

【小题 2】Children are encouraged to do the following activities except A.building dens C.playing hide and seek B.climbing trees D.watching TV

【小题 3】According to Andy Simpson,we know that A.wild time is hard to design B.wild time is beneficial for children C.parents know the importance of wild time D.parents like keeping their children indoors 【小题 4】What’s the main idea of Paragraph 4 ? A.Modem children need wild time. C.The present world is complicated. 【小题 5】The last paragraph suggests that A.people like recalling the past C.it is too late for adults to enjoy nature 【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】D
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B.Adults value outdoor activities. D.This generation of kids have no freedom.

B.it is out of date to go outdoors D.people at any age can enjoy wild time

山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

考点:考查教育类短文阅读。 E Researchers at the University of Kansas say that people can accurately juage 90 percent of a stranger's personality simply by looking at the person?s shoes.“Shoes convey useful information about their wearers,??the authors wrote in the new study published in the Journal of Research in Personality. Lead researcher Omri Gillath said the judgments were based on the style,cost,color and condition of someone?s shoes.In the study,63 University of Kansas researchers looked at pictures showing 208 different pairs
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
of shoes worn by the study?s participants.Volunteers in the study were photographed in their most commonly worn shoes,and then filled out a personality questionnaire. Some of the results were expected:People with higher incomes most commonly wore expensive shoes,and flashier shoes were typically worn by outgoing people.However,some of the more specific results are strange enough. For example, “practical and functional?? shoes were generally worn by more “pleasant" people, while ankle boots were more linked with ??aggressive?? personalities . The strangest of all may be that those who wore? ?uncomfortable looking” shoes tend to have “calm” personalities. And if you have several pairs of new shoes or take extreme care of them, you may suffer from “attachment anxiety", spending lots of time worrying about what other people think of your appearance.There was even a political calculation in the mix with more liberal(主张变 革的)types wearing “shabbier and less expensive” shoes. The researchers noted that some people will choose shoe styles to mask their actual personalities,but researchers noted that volunteers were also likely to be unaware that their footwear choices were showing the deep side of their personalities. 【小题 1】What does this text mainly tell us? A.Shoes Call hide people’s real personalities. B.Shoes convey false information about the wearer. C.People’s personalities call be judged by their shoes. D.People know little about their personalities. 【小题 2】The participants were asked to A.provide pictures of their shoes B.look at pictures of different shoes C.design a personality questionnaire D.hand in their commonly worn shoes 【小题 3】Which of the results is beyond people’s expectation? A.Wealthy people often wear expensive shoes. B.Pleasant people like wearing uncomfortable shoes. C.Aggressive people are likely to wear"ankle boots. D.Fashion shoes are typically worn by outgoing people. 【小题 4】People suffering from“attachment anxiety” tend to A.wear strange shoes B.worry about their appearance
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
C.have a calm character D.become a political leader

【小题 5】The author wrote the text in order to A.inform us of a new study C.teach how to choose shoes B.introduce a research method D.describe different personalitie

考点:考查科学调查类短文阅读。 第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分)

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
注意事项: 第Ⅱ卷共 2 页。考生必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔在答题卡上各题目的指定答题区域内作答,在试卷 上作答无效。 第三部分 书面表达(共两节。满分 45 分) 第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分.满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答案纸相应的位置上(请注意题后的词数要求)。 [1]A new study has found evidence of aggressive behaVior in children who drink four or more servings of soft drinks every day. [2]The mothers of 3,000 five-year-olds took part in the study.They were asked to keep a record of how many servings of soft drinks their children drank over a two-month period and keep records of how they behaved.The researchers found that 43 percent of the boys and girls drank at least one daily serving of soda.Four percent of the youngsters had four or more sodas to drink every day. [3]Children who drank the most soda were more than two times likely to show signs of aggression.“For the children who consumed four or more soft drinks per day,we see an association between aggressive behaviors, attention problems and withdrawn behaviors.”Shakira Suglia says.The aggressive behaviors included destroying possessions belonging to others,taking part in fights and physically attacking people. [4]Shakira says the researchers identified the link after they considered the factors like the child?s age and sex.They also considered ,such as whether the boys and girls were eating sweets or given fruit drinks on a

normal day.In addition,the researchers examined parenting styles and other social conditions that might be taking place in the home. [5]It is not quite clear why young children who drink a lot of soda have behavior pmblems.However,a substance oftell found in soft drinks is caffeine,which helps to make people feel energetic.Doctor Suglia suggests that caffeine could be causing the children to be more aggressive. [6]The research is part of a larger study called the Fragile Families and Child Welibeing Study. It follows 5, 000 poor mothers and their children in 20 American cities. 66.What is the main idea of the text?(no more than 10 words) 67 What does the underlined word“they??in Paragraph 2 probably refer to? 68.List three aggressive behaviors according to the text.(no more than 10 words) ① ②
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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
③ 69.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words.(no more than 3 words) 70.Complete the following statement with one word from Paragraph 5. People will often become when they have some coffee,in which caffeine is the major chemical.

所以填 other possible influences (factors)/ other factors (influences)。 【小题 5】 信息转换题。根据第五段 a substance oftell found in soft drinks is caffeine, which helps to make people

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题
feel energetic.Doctor Suglia suggests that caffeine could be causing the children to be more aggressive.可知咖啡 因会使人精力充沛,也可能使孩子更具有攻击性,而咖啡因正是咖啡中所含有的成分,由此判断喝咖啡会 让人精力旺盛或者更具有攻击性,此空填 energetic 或者/aggressive。 考点:考查阅读表达。 第二节写作(满分 30 分) 假设你是新华中学的学生李华,你周末滑冰时不慎将胳膊摔折,因而未能参加英语考试。请根据以下 要点给你的外籍教师 Mrs.Clemens 写一封电子邮件: 1.表达歉意并解释缺考原因; 2.询问补考时间及课外作业(如阅读书目、作业要求等)。 注意: 1.词数:l20—150; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Mrs.Clemens,

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山东潍坊市 2014 届高三三月模拟试题

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