Unit 1 练习答案 Text comprehension IV. Explain in your own words the following sentences. (p7) 1. I planned to keep silent and act in such a way that nobody would notice that I was only a newcome
r in college. 2. For three days, I had not been to the cafeteria due to my feeling of humiliation and shame. Instead, I stayed alone in my room and ate junk food of various kinds from a vending machine which was in just the right place to aid me in avoiding others. 3. It didn’t matter whether or not you were widely accepted or admired; you did not have to behave to the liking of everybody else. Vocabulary I. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. 1. I was feeling just a bit first-gradish: I had just the feeling of a newcomer at college without the strength a mature student might possess. 2. my airs of assurance: my apparent confidence 3. a little nourishment: some food to appease my hunger (as well as my anxiety) 4. running with the crowd was no longer a law of survival: going with the tide was no longer crucial to one’s success 5. massive mistakes: foolish and glaring mistakes II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in its appropriate form. 1. distress 2. clutched 3. pose 4. sneaked 5. preoccupation 6. shackles 7. curse 8. deliberation III. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words. 1. assure 2. discretion 3. relaxation 4. humiliate 6. embarrassment 7. maneuverable 8. immaturity IV.
Fill in the blanks in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text. 1. lived up to 2. headed for 3. seek out 4. has broken out 5. groped for 6. trying…on 7. go out to 8. tipped off V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used. 1. distinct: vague (indistinct) 2. discreetly: inconspicuously 3.reserve: self-restraint(self-control) 4. dumb: clever (intelligent, sensible) 5.demeanor： manner（behavior） 6. composed: excited 7. slink: sneak 8. na? ve: mature (sophisticated) VI. Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words. 1. caught on: became popular 2. look up to: respect 3. persist in: keep up 4. result in: lead to 5. figure out: understand 6. hit upon: found
7.draw on: use
8. kick off: start
Grammar: I. Combine each nominal clause in Column A with a sentence fragment in Column B to create a sensible sentence. 1. That the water has become polluted is a matter of grave concern. 2. What he does is often at variance with what he says. 3. That she was called upon to speak on behalf of the whole class flattered her greatly. 4. To make the same mistake twice is unforgivable. 5. Reading French is easier than speaking it. 6. That you were insured is a good thing. 7. Whoever says so is a liar. 8. Whether he did so or not is a secret. II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. III. 1. D Rewrite the following sentences, beginning each one with a noun phrase or a nominal clause. My decision to resign was wise. Their readiness to accept the peace agreement really surprised the diplomatic world. My determination to pass the test helped me. Her failure to get into college disappointed her parents. My willingness to cooperate was appreciated. His refusal to help surprised me. The proposal that we should import more equipment is to be discussed at the meeting. Who can have told you that puzzles me. Complete each sentence with what you think the most appropriate of the four choices given. 2. B 3. C 4. C 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. B
IV. Combine the two sentences in each group into one, using so that. 1. I spent the afternoon seeking out each of my classrooms so that I could make a perfectly timed entrance before each lecture. 2. He wore glasses and a false beard so that nobody would recognize him. 3. The stranger spoke very slowly so that I could understand what he said. 4. She locked the door so that she wouldn’t be disturbed. 5. John whispered so that others couldn’t hear him. 6. Please arrive early so that we can start the meeting on time. 7. John has bought a bicycle so that he may save money on bus travel. 8. The lecturer showed some slides so that he might illustrate his point. V. Combine the following sentences using the words in the box. 1. Although/Though 2. yet 3. however/though 4. however/nevertheless/though 5. Although/Though; still/nevertheless 6. Despite/ In spite of 7. although/though 8. however 9. However 10. Despite/In
spite of Translation II. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words and phrases given in brackets. 1. It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failures. 2. He assumed an air of cheerfulness, even though he lost favor with his boss. 3. Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange assortment of people. 4. He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake. 5. we were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner. 6. After cheers and applause died down, the Nobel Prize winner began his speech. 7. He is gifted with a sort of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd. 8. I feel realities are after all very harsh, so one can hardly live up entirely in his ideals.
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