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Unit3 Language Points 1. Drug abuse 滥用毒品 [自主探究] 1)He abused his power while in office.________ 2) His abuse of drugs lead to his death.________ [多维训练] Williams __ his position as Mayor to give jobs to his friends. A. bent B. abandoned C.abused D.broke 2. stress [自主探究] 1) You should pay attention to stressing while you are reading.___ 2) They lay too much stress on money and position. _______ 3) Moving to a new house is a very stressful experience. ________ 4)He felt very stressed and tired. __________ [考点总结] n._______ v._______ adj.__________ ___________. Stress that/stress sth._______ lay/place/put stress on· · · · ________ 3. Do you think smoking should be banned? [自主探究]1)Smoking is banned in the building.___________ 2)Tom’s been banned from driving for a year._____________ 3) From 2008, there is a ban on offering plastic bags for free in supermarket._ 4) The government is considering a total ban on the sale of guns._______ [考点总结] 1)ban sth.___2)ban· · · from sth./doing sth. ________ 3)a ban on· · · · ___________ [多维训练]1) There is to be a total _________ (禁止停车) in the street. 2)学生们不允许带手机到学校。 Students _______________ bringing mobilephones to school. 4. I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live. [ 自 主 探 究 ]1)Our happy childhood is due to our father ’s hard work._____ 2)That money is due to me, but I haven’t got it yet.__________ 3)Their plane is due to arrive in 15 minutes._______________

[考点总结]1) due to________2) due adj. _______________________ 3) due 和 due to 考点提示: Due to 是复合介词, 等同于 because of, owing to, thanks to 等,但 due to 一般不放在句首。 Due 是形容词,后面有时也加 to,但要和 due to 区分开。He is due to speak tomorrow. (due 预定的, 预期的; due+ to do)他预定明天讲 话。 What is the amount due to him? (due 应付的, to 是介词, 后接对象) 欠他多少钱? [多维训练]They hurried to catch the train___ at4:15 in the afternoon. A. thanks to leave B. due to leave C. because of leaving D. due to leaving 5. You see, during adolescence I also smoked and became addicted to cigarettes. [自主探究]1)Don’t be addicted to the Internet._____________ 2)Many students addict themselves to computer games. _________ [考点总结] addict vt._________n._______addictive adj.___________ Be/become/get addicted to (doing) sth.________ addict oneself to___________ 6. This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to having nicotine in it. [自主探究]1)I’m not accustomed to getting up so early after the vacation. 2) He took his accustomed seat by the fire._________ 3) It took him a while to accustom himself to the idea._________ 4) She found it necessary to accustom her child to getting up early._________ [考点总结]1)be/get/become accustomed to (doing)sth._________ 2)accustomed adj._________ accustom vt._________ 3)accustom sb./oneself to (doing) sth.________ be/get used to (doing) sth._____ [ 多 维 训 练 ]1) For many weeks we had been accustomed ________(看到)horses suffering heat, thirst and starvation. 2) They are quiet, aren’t they? Yes, They are accustomed ______.(吃 饭时不说话)

7. I was addicted in all three ways, so it was very difficult to quit. [自主探究] 1)I wish you’d all quit arguing.__________ 2) He quitted Paris after a week.__________3) He has to quit school because he can not afford the tuition.___________ [考点总结] 1).quit doing sth.___________ 2).quite office________3). quit school____________ 4)quit+ to do 不定式作目的状语 [多维训练] Doctors are doing research to find out what happens physically when people ___smoking. A. quit B. decline C. depart D. reserve 8. When I was young, I don’t know much about the harmful effects of smoking. [自主探究]1.This had a great effect upon the future of both mother and son.________________ 2. I tried to persuade him, but with little effect. ___________ [考点总结] 1)have an/much/some/a little/no effect on· · · __________ 2)be of no effect______ come into effect_______ bring/put· · · · into effect______3)influence n._____have an influence on____________ 4)affect vt. _____________ 9. Decide on a day to quit. [自主探究]1) Have you decided on a date for the wedding?________ 2) Finally, she decided on a pink dress._________________ [考点总结]decide 与 decide on 考点辨析 decide 意为“决定, 决意”+to do/that 从句 (从句谓语动词 should+do, should 可省略) decide on “确定”指经过长时间的考虑后决定用某物,后接 n. [多维训练] They decided that John_______(stay) there Have you________ a name for the baby yet? 你们为孩子取好名字 了么? 10. Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker. [自主探究] 1) Do you feel like a swim?_________ 2) I feel like taking a walk. Would you like to go to with me?________ 3) I felt like laughing at the joke.___________

[考点总结] feel like doing sth. _______ would like to do sth._________________ [多维训练] Would you feel like________(吸)a cigarette? Yes, I_________(愿意). But my doctor asked me not to do so. 11.If you weaken and have a cigarette, do not feel ashamed. [ 自 主 探 究 ]1) She feels ashamed of having failed in the examination._________ 2)He was too ashamed to ask her family for help._____________ 3) Barry was ashamed that he had lost his temper.____________ [ 考 点 总 结 ] ashamed.adj. ________shame n._______shameless adj.___________ 1 ) be ashamed of doing sth.____________2 ) be ashamed to do sth.__________ 3)be ashamed that· · · · · _________ 4)辨析 ashamed 与 shameful 的区别 Ashamed : 使 人 感 到 羞 耻 的 , 感 到 惭 愧 的 , 只 能 用 作 表 语 ; sb.+be+ashamed Shameful: 可 耻 的 , 丢 脸 的 ; 既 可 用 作 表 语 又 能 用 作 定 . sth.+be+shameful 或 shameful+n. 例句: He was ashamed to cheat, because he realized that it was shameful to cheat in the exam. [多维训练] 选词填空(ashamed, shame, shameful, shameless) 1)I was _______ of having lied to my teacher. 2) If he did anything ________, I won’t go with him. 3) He is a _________ liar. 4) The football riot(骚乱) made me ________ to be English. 5) How could you do such a thing? Have you no _________?


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