doing/ being done/ having done/ having been done 2 不定式 to do/ to be done/ to have done/ to have been done 3. 现在分词 doing/ being done/ ha
ving done/ having been done 4. 过去分词 done 例句: 动名词 1. I like swimming. 2. Nobody likes being laughed at. 3. I still remember going to Beijing when I was 7. 4. I still remember being taken to Beijing when I was 7. 5. I am sorry for having kept you waiting. 6. I am angry for having been cheated. 不定式 1 .I would like to meet your new friend. 2. I would like to be introduced to your new fiend. 3.I would like to have come to your party yesterday, but I was too busy. 4. I would like to have been introduced to your new friend, but I missed the chance. 4.动词不定式与疑问词连用 疑问代词 who, what, which 和疑问副词 when, where, how, why+ to do，作主语、 宾语、表语等成分。 例如：(1) He doesn’t know how to use the machine. (2) How to use the machine is a question. (3) The problem is where to find him.. 2： 动名词在句中可以作主语、 表语、 宾语和定语。 例如： Smoking does great harm to people’s health. （作主语） ⑵ My job is looking after children. （作表语） ⑶ I have finished reading the novel. （作宾语） ⑷ We have got a swimming pool in our school. （做定语） 动名词的否定形式由 not +动名词构成。例如： He made me angry by not taking the medicine. 动名词的复合结构由名词所有格或物主代词加上动名词构成。 例如： Would you mind my opening the door? 练习: 1.I cannot understand _____ such a well-paid job. A. him to give up B. him to have given up
C. his giving up D. his being given up 2.Jane’s summer vacation in England led to _____ an Englishman. A. her marry B. her to marry C. her being married D. her marrying 3.She was sad because of _____ any chance left. A. there being not B. there not being C. not there being D. there was not 4.If you think a letter is too slow, why not _____ a telegram? A. try to have sent B. trying to send C. to try to send D. try sending 5.There is no chance _____ him today. A. in seeing B. to seeing C. of seeing D. about seeing 6.I know you like _____ . Would you like _____ with me now? A. to swim, to swim B. swimming, swimming C. swimming, to swim D. to swim, swimming 7.Before _____, the machine must be checked. A. being used B. using it C. being used to D. using 8.Missing the train means _____ . A. to have to wait for another hour B. having to wait for another hour C. to have waiting for another hour D. to having to wait for another hour. 9— What do you think of the book? — Oh, excellent. It’s worth _____ a second time A. to read B. reading C. to be read D. being read 10. “What has made you so upset?” “________ my new bike.” A. Lost B. Because of losing C. Since I lost D. Losing 11. I still remember _____ to Beijing when I was six. A. to take B. taking C. having taking D. having been taken 15. 12._____ more trees is good for health and it is also important to stop waste from factories _____ our surroundings. A. To plant, pollute B. Planting, to pollute C. Plant, polluting D. Planting, polluting 13. I would appreciate _____ back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you’re calling 14. How about the two of us _____ a walk down the garden? A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking 15. “The light in the office is still on.” “Oh, I forgot _____ .”
A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off 16. “I must apologize for _____ ahead of time.” “That’s all right.” A .letting you not know B. not letting you know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know 17. It happened ______ when I left the station, so I had to wait until the rain stopped. A. to be raining B. to have rained C. to rain D. raining 18. She said she was sorry _____ the train, so she had to stay here for another day. A. missing B. having missed C. to miss D. to have missed 19----Would you like to sing a song for us? ----_____. A. I prefer not B. I prefer not to B. C. I prefer to not D. I wouldn't prefer 20. During the next ten years, she had to work hard _____ for the necklace. A. paying B. to pay B. C. for paying D. in order to paying
非谓语动词二 现在分词和过去分词 一:现在分词形式 : (do ) doing having done being done having been done Eg: 1) Standing on the top of the East Pearl Tower , we can see the whole city . 2) Having worked here for 30 years, he is much respected and well known. 3) Having been defeated 5 times , he lost heart. 4) Being watched by so many people, he felt a little nervous. 5.This is one of the new supermarkets being built in our city. 6. Having been told many times, he was able to operate the machine. （四）分词的否定形式 现在分词的否定式，由 not+doing 构成，例如： 1.Not knowing how to work out the math problem, I went to the teacher for help. 2. Not having heard the news , I wrote to him again. 过去分词的否定式: un+done 1. leave one’s bike unlocked/ 2. leave the food untouched
3. find one’s door unlocked 二:过去分词 形式 done 1) The wounded soldiers were taken to hospital. 2) Deeply touched by his story, she couldn’t hold back her tears. 3)When I came out of the shop , I found my bike stolen. 4) He sat by the window, lost in thought. 二 现在分词和过去分词在句中的作用: 1.作定语 a sleeping child----- a wounded child running water--------- polluted water 1.This is one of the new supermarkets being built in our city now. 2.This is one of the new supermarkets built in our city. 被动: a road built 10 years ago a road being built now a road to be built next year 2. 作状语 1). Seeing the policeman, the thief turned and ran away. 2). Seen from the top of the hill, the town looks like a boat. 3) . Being watched by so many students, the new teacher felt a little nervous. 4) Built in The Tang Dynasty, the temple is in poor condition. 5) Given more time ,we could have done it better. 6) He sat there , looking out of the window. 7) He sat there, lost in thought. 3. 作补语 1）I listened and heard someone crying. 2) I listened and heard my name called. 基础训练: 1. ____ more attention, the trees could have grown better. A . Given B . To give C . Giving D . Having given 2. Climbing mountains was ____, so we all felt ____. A. tiring ; tired B. tired ; tiring C. tiring ; tiring D. tired ; tired 3. The ____ morning, the father came into the lonely house , ____ by his naughty boy . A. following ; following B. followed ; followed C. following ; followed D. followed ; following 4.______ these pictures, I couldn’t help thinking of those days when I was in Beijing and ____ from the top of a thirty-storeyed building, Beijing looks more magnificent. A. Seeing ; seen B. Seen ; seeing C. Seeing ; seeing D. Seen ; seen
5. Mrs. White was glad to see the nurse ____ after her son and her daughter and was also pleased to see children well ____ care of in the nursery. A. looked ; taken B. looking ; taken C. looked ; took D. looking ; taking 6. I was fortunate to pick up a wallet ____ on the ground on the way home, but unfortunately for me, I found my colour TV set ____ when I got home. A. lying; stolen B. laying; stealing C. lay; stolen D. lying; stealing 7. ____ better attention , the vegetables could have grown better with the sun shining brightly in the sky and ____ them light. A. Giving; given B. Given; given C. Giving; giving D. Given; giving 8.The mothers saw their children well at the nursery. A. taking care of B. to take care of C. to be taken care of D. taken care of 9. from his looks, he is a kind man. A. Judging B. Being judged C. To judge D. Judge 10 .The boy’s body was covered with a national flag, . A. left his face exposed B. to have his face exposing C. leaving his face exposing D. leaving his face exposed 11. When I got home, I found the gas______ but the door remained . A. burned; locking B. burning; locking C. burning; locked D. to burn; to lock 高考真题 1.. (2007 辽宁 ) The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported ___ the world record in the 110-meter hurdle race. A. breaking B. having broken C. to have broken D. to break 2. （ 2005 全国）The storm left ,_____ a lot of damage to this area. A. caused B. to have caused C. to cause D. having caused 3. (2006 江西) After he became conscious, he remembered ____ and ____ on the head with a rod. A. to attack; hit B. to be attacked; to be hit C. attacking; be hit D. having been attacked; hit 4. (2007 四川) Peter received a letter just now___ his grandma would come to see him soon.. A. said B. says C. saying D. to say 5.（2007 湖南） “Things ____ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. have lost1． 6.（2007 山东 ）Please remain ___ until the plane has come to a complete stop.
A. to seat B. to be seated C. seating D. seated 7. (2004 上海 ) The flowers ____ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt 8． （2007 上海）After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother’s voice _____him. A. calling B. called C. being called D. to call 9. (2007 福建 ) Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English ___ in a short period. A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. improve 10. ______ nice，the food was all eaten up soon. A. Tasting B. Taste C. Tasted D. To taste .11 a replay, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 12. The salesman scolded the girl caught and let her off. A. to have stolen B. to be stealing C. to steal D. stealing 13. Little Jim should love to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken C. to take C. being taken D. taking 14. ---I usually go there by train. ---Why not by boat for a change A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going 15 The Olympic Games, ______ in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing 16. Not having finished his homework, ___ to watch the game. A. so he was forbidden B. he forbade.c.o.m C. he was forbidden D. mother forbid him 17. European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 18. Robert is said_____ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying 19. _____from space, the earth with water _____seventy percent of its surface , looks like a "blue ball". A. Seen; covered B. Seeing; covering C. Seeing; covered D. Seen; covering 20. People always shake hands with each other when _____. A. to introduce B. introduce C. introduced D. introducing
21.The ground is
A. covered ; falling B. covered ; fallen C. covering ; falling D. covering ; fallen 22.It was stupid your advice. A. for me to not take B. for me not to take C. of me to not take D. of me not to take 23.---Did you get your pay? ---Yes, I remember .But I forget the exact amount. A. being paid B. to be paid C. paying D. having paid 24. of reading, he put down the book and stopped TV. A. Tiring; watching B. Tiring; to watch C. Tired: to watch D. Tired: watching 25. It is important a beginner the correct pronunciation of a foreign language when he studies it. A. of; to teach B. for; to be taught C. of; to be taught D. for; to have taught 26. That Arab said that he had never heard of a pilot. A. woman’s being B. a woman to be C. a woman’s to be D. a woman being 27. We have not decided there by bus or on foot. A. to get B. getting C. if to get D. whether to get 28.I must apologize for ahead of time. A. not letting you know B. letting you not know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know 29.---Did you have trouble with your car this morning? ---Yes , but I finally managed . A. to get it start B. get it starting C. to get it started D. getting it started 30. I prefer studying English at home the match. A. to watching B. rather than watching C. rather than D. to watch 31. I knew he didn’t listen to me , but I went on to get him in the plan. A. to hope; interesting B. to hope; interested C. hoping; interested D. hoping; interesting 32.---I can’t make out whether this figure is a three or an eight. ---Perhaps you need you eyes . A. examining; (不填) B. to have; examined C. to have; examining D. to be; examining 33. I saw your father under the tree, . A. seat; thinking B. seating; thought C. seated; think D. seated; thinking 34. The library needs , but it’ll have until Sunday. A. to clean; to wait B. to clean ; waiting C. cleaning ; to wait D. cleaning ; waiting 35. many times, they succeeded the experiment. A. Having tried; in doing B. Tried; in being done C. Having tried; to do D. Tried; doing 36. “We must keep a secret of the things here”, the general said at the man in charge of the information office. A. discussed ; stared seriously B. being discussed : seriously staring C. to be discussed；seriously stared D. having been discussed ; and seriously stared 37. He did his best to make himself with his English. A. understand; spoken B. hear; spoken C. heard; speaking D. understood; spoken 38. My grandpa likes young people basketball. A. to watch ; play B. watching ; to play C. watching ; playing D. to watch ; playing 39. ---Whom should the message be sent to?
---My father is the one . A. to send it B. to be sent to C. for sending it D. to send it to 40. I didn’t feel like ,so he suggested an English letter right now. A. reading ; practicing writing B. reading ; to practice to write C. to read ; to practice writing D. to read ; to practice write 41. They know her very well. They had seen her up form childhood. A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow 42.The chair looks rather hard, but in fact ,it is very comfortable to . A. sit B. sit on C. be set D. be sat on 43.There was a terrible noise the sudden burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed 44.---Good morning. Can I help you? ---I’d like to have this package , madam. A. be weight B. to be weight C. to weight D. weight 45. Last summer I took a course on . A. how to make dress B. how dress be made C. how to be made dress D. how dress to be made 46. The secretary worked late into the night, a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 47. She’s upstairs letters. A. writes B. is writing C. write D. writing 48. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself . A. hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard 49. The murderer was bought in , with his hands behind his back. A. being tied B. having tired C. to be tied D. tired 50. On Saturday afternoon, Mr Green went to the market, ____Some bananas and visited his cousin. A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. buy
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