惠州市 2015 届高三第一次调研考试 英
注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的市（县）/区、学校、班级、 姓名、准考证号、试室号和座位号填写在答卡的密封线内。 2．选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需 改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案；不能答在试题卷上。 3．非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作
答，答案必须写在另发的答题卷各题目 指定区域内的相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案； 不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4．考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，请将答题卷和答题卡一并交回。 Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I paid a visit to a special student named Matthew.He had muscular dystrophy (肌肉萎缩 症) and the doctors said he would not live long. He wanted to I spent over an hour talking to Matthew. Never once did he spoke about winning and succeeding and going for his dreams. 4 . He just talked about his hopes for the 5 2 3 1 _me because I was a or ask, “Why me?” He , he knew what he was gold-medal power lifter, and I knew about overcoming obstacles and going for my dreams.
本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分 135 分，考试用时 120 分钟。
talking about. He didn’t mention that his classmates had made fun of him because he was , and how one day he wanted to lift weights with me. When we had finished talking, I took out my first gold medal and put it around his neck. I told him he was more of a winner and knew more about ever would. He looked at it a champion. You 8 7 6 and overcoming obstacles than I ___9___my ,then took it off and handed it back to me. He said, “You are
that medal. Someday when I get to the Olympics and 10
own medal, I will show it to you.” Last summer I received a Dear Dick, My mum said I should send you a thank-you letter for your 11 . I also want to let you 12 as much know that the doctors tell me that I don’t have long to live any more, but I still now I will 13 get to do that. However, I know I’m a(n) 14 , which was written a few days before he passed away.
as I can.I told you someday that I would go to the Olympics and win a gold medal, but I know , and God knows that too.
When I get to Heaven, God will give me my you. Thank you for loving me.
and when you get there, I will show it to
Your friend, 1． 2． 3． 4． 5． 6． 7． 8． 9． 10． 11． 12． 13． 14． 15． A. meet A. hate A. Luckily A. ill A. doctor A. sport A. coldly A. earned A. share A. call A. care A. smile A. later A. champion A. prize B. fight B. complain B. Surprisingly B. funny B. future B. failure B. happily B. bought B. give B. letter B. help B. work B. surely B. student B. award C. thank C. cry C. Strangely C. different C. school C. life C. carefully C. cheated C. win C. message C. favor C. study C. never C. patient C. present Matthew D. beat D. puzzle D. Obviously D. naughty D. competition D. success D. quickly D. mistook D. make D. note D. visit D. train D. probably D. athlete D. medal
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 A young man and an old man were waiting for a bus. ___16___ sat next to each other. “What’s that in your bag?” asked the young man, pointing to a big bag beside the old man. “Gold. There was nothing but gold,” answered the old man. The young man could not believe his own ears and was ___17___ great surprise. Then he began to think about ___18___to get the money. The old man was very tired and it seemed that he could hardly keep his eyes open. After a while the old man ___19___(lie) down on the chair and fell asleep. The young man took ___20___ big bag gently and quietly. But when he was just about to run away, he found a corner of his fur coat was under the old man’s body. Several times he tried to pull it out, ___21___ in vain. At last he took off his coat, ___22___(think) that the gold in the bag must cost far more than his fur coat. Worried but ___23___(delight), the young man ran out of the station as quickly as his legs could carry him, until he reached a place ___24___ he thought the old man couldn’t find him. He stopped and quickly opened the bag but he just found a great many of small stones in it. Then he ran back to the station ___25___(hurry) only to find that the old man was gone. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节, 满分50分) 第一节 阅读理解(共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A
When she moved the covering cloth to look upon his tiny face, she was shocked. The doctor turned quickly and looked out the tall hospital window. The baby had been born without ears. Time proved that the baby’s hearing was perfect. When he rushed home from school one day and threw himself into his mother’s arms, she sighed, knowing that his life was to be full of heartbreaks for his imperfect appearance. He grew up, handsome for his misfortune and popular with his fellow students. He might have been class monitor，but for that. He developed a gift, a talent for literature and music. Two years went by. One day, his father said to the son, “You’re going to the hospital, son. Mother and I have someone who will donate the ears you need. But it’s a secret.” The operation was a brilliant success, and a new person turned up. His talents blossomed into genius, and his school and college became a series of success. Later he married and entered the diplomatic service. One day ,he urged his father, “Who gave so much for me？I must know! I could never do enough for him.” “I do not believe you could, ” said the father, “but the agreement was that you are not to know... not yet.” The years kept their secret, but the day did come--- one of the darkest days that a son must endure. He stood with his father over his mother’s casket (棺材). Slowly, tenderly, the father reached out a hand and raised the thick, reddish-brown hair to show that the mother had no outer ears. “Mother said she was glad she never let her hair be cut, ” he whispered gently, “and nobody ever thought Mother less beautiful, did they？” Real beauty lies not in the physical appearance， but in the heart. Real treasure lies not in what can be seen，but in what cannot be seen. Real love lies not in what is done and known, but in what is done and not known. 26. The mother was shocked at the first sight of her baby because ________. A. her baby was born imperfect B. her baby had a tiny face C. her baby was born without hair D. the doctor turned to look out of the window 27. The underlined word “that” (in Para. 3) stands for ________. A. his handsome appearance B. his imperfect appearance C. his popularity D. his talent for literature and music 28. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The boy couldn't hear clearly without ears at first. B. The son didn't know the truth until his mother died. C. With donated ears, the son’s life developed smoothly. D. The son attempted to repay the donator’s kindness. 29. Why did the boy's mother never have her hair cut? A. Because she liked her thick and brown hair. B. Because her hair added to her beauty. C. Because her long hair was her pride. D. Because her hair helped to keep a secret.
30. Which is the best title for the passage? A. A Misfortunate Boy B. Mother’s Hair C. Mother’s Secret Love D. A Successful Ear Operation B Everyone wants to know the secrets of a long and healthy life. Here are some discoveries from health experts. Many studies looking into the lives of centenarians(百岁老人) look at what they eat. Many people who live into their hundreds live in the Mediterranean(地中海), so their diet, which is high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and healthy fats like olive oil, gets a lot of attention. The diet has been linked to a healthier older age, lower risk for heart disease, and even protection against memory loss. Education is related to a longer life. A 2012 report from the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics found that people with a bachelor’s degree or higher live about nine years longer than people who don’t graduate high school. James Smith, a health economist at the RAND Corporation, is also a supporter of the argument for staying in school for better life expectancy. His findings show education should be an even bigger factor than race and income. Educated people are more likely to land better jobs, plan for their future, and make healthier lifestyle choices. Being a hard worker doesn’t necessarily mean job-stress will harm you. The Longevity Study found that plenty of hard workers lived long lives. “Skeptics(怀疑者) may wonder if hard workers really are enjoying life.” the authors write, “We found that productive, hardworking people (even in old age) are not stressed or miserable, but tend to be happier, healthier, and more socially connected than their less productive peers.” Having a strong social group is associated with a longer life. We often turn to friends and family for support, and taking care of the people that matter to us may help us take better care of ourselves, some evidence shows. Some research even suggests that immune(免疫) function is improved when we are around our friends, and that they help with stress management. Research shows that sitting for long period of time put people at risk for shorter lifespans and other health risks. A 2011 study found that each hour people spent sitting down and watching TV after age 25 was linked to 22 minutes from their overall life expectancy. 31. The second paragraph mainly tells us that_______. A. Diet matters a lot to a long life B. People attach great importance to a long life C. Fruits and vegetables benefit health D. Life styles play a role in health 32. According to James Smith, which makes the greatest difference to a long life? A. Race B. Education C. Income D. Diet 33. From the fourth paragraph, we know_____. A. Hard workers suffer from greater stress B. Hard workers are likely to enjoy a longer life C. Less productive workers tend to be happier and healthier
D. Nobody doubts that hard workers really are enjoying life 34. According to the passage, in order to live a long life, we should_________. A. sit still frequently and have a good rest B. find a job after middle school and work hard C. settle down in the Mediterranean D. be social and make more friends 35. The passage is mainly about ________. A. diet and health B. the value of good education C. some discoveries on health D. the secret of a happy life C Body Language in the United States Most people shake hands and make eye contact when they meet people for the first time. Among very good friends, a woman may give another woman a little hug, and a man may kiss a woman quickly on the cheek. Males don’t hug one another, which, however, is changing. Men usually shake hands with the right hand. Sometimes they use the left hand to either cover the handshake or lightly hold the other person’s arm. This shows greater warmth and friendship. Most people wave hello or good -bye by extending the arm palm(手掌) facing outward, and twisting the hand at the wrist. Another way is to raise the arm, palm outward, and move the whole arm and hand back and forth. This is important to know because in many other countries, the same movements mean “no”. When people are waiting in a public place, such as the post office, they usually form lines. Some people get angry and complain if someone pushes their way into a line or jumps ahead of other people. Moreover, many women like men to open doors for them. They also like men to give up their seats on public transportation. However, some women do not like this type of behavior. They feel that men and women should be treated in the same way. In the United States, it’s important to make direct eye contact in business and social situations. If you don’t make eye contact, people will probably think that you are bored or not interested. If there is silence in these situations, people usually try to make conservation. Periods of silence make many people uncomfortable. People in the United States usually stand about one arm’s length away from each other while talking or standing together. This space is called “the comfort zone”. In the United States, mothers sometimes show that they are angry with children by shaking an index finger at them. People may show that they like children by patting them on the top of the head. 36. It can be inferred from Paragraph 1 that in the United States __________. A. males begin to hug each other now. B. a man usually kisses a woman for greeting. C. people only use right hands to shake hands D. people wave good-bye as people in many other countries do 37. Some women don’t like to be offered a seat by men because _______. A. they think sitting is harmful for health.
B. they prefer to stand rather than sit C. they like to be treated equally D. they don’t need men’s favor 38. The third paragraph is mainly about________. A. body language in public places B. impolite body language C. the comfort zone D. body language in business and social life 39. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. It’s rude to cut in a line in the United States. B. Eye contact plays an important role in social communication. C. In business situations, standing too close makes Americans uncomfortable. D. In social situations, frequent silence makes people comfortable. 40. In the United States, a mother sometimes shakes an index finger at her kids to show ______. A. boredom B. anger C. love D. satisfaction D Texting（发短信）walkers aren't just an annoyance to other walkers, Australian researchers armed with movie special-effects technology have determined scientifically that they're threats to themselves. Using motion-capture technology similar to that used for films, researchers concluded that texting while walking not only affects balance but also the ability to walk in straight line. “Some people like checking emails while walking to work in the morning” said the study co-author Hoorn, “but they may not know it has a serious effect on the safety of themselves”. Other facts have also proved this. A tourist from Taiwan walked off a pier near Melbourne last month while checking Facebook, bringing a sudden and icy end to a penguin-watching visit. Another person who was too wrapped up in his phone to notice dangers walked straight into the fountain in front of a shopping mall. The Australian study involved 27 volunteers, a third of whom admitted having knocked into objects while texting. They were asked to walk 8.5 meters three times—once without phones, once while reading text and once while writing text, when eight cameras recorded their actions. They found the volunteers using the phone walked slower, and, more seriously, they locked their arms and elbows in like “robots”, which forced their heads to move more, throwing themselves off balance. “In a pedestrian（步行的）environment, inability to maintain a straight path would be likely to increase potential for traffic accidents”, said Mr. Hoorn. “The best thing to do is to step aside and stop, or keep off the phone.” Authorities world-wide have taken note. Signs on Hong Kong's subway system advise passengers in three languages to keep their eyes off their phones. Police and transport authorities have highlighted the danger in Singapore, where the Straits Times newspaper recently declared cellphone-distracted road crossing as “bad habit No. 2” contributing to the rising number of road deaths. Some U.S. states, including New York and Arkansas, are considering bans on what they're calling phone jaywalking. 41. According to the passage, people texting while walking usually____________. A. do not influence other walkers B. do harm to their eyes
C. put themselves in danger D. can still walk straight 42. Which of the following words has the closest meaning to “wrapped up” in Paragraph 2? A. absent-minded B. annoyed C. confused D. absorbed 43. The two examples in Paragraph 2 are given in order to __________. A. prove texting walkers are threats to others B. show texting walkers may harm themselves C. analyze the causes of the danger D. amuse the readers 44. About the Australian study, we know that___________. A. the volunteers using phones while walking moved normally B. ten volunteers admitted having bumped into things while texting C. the volunteers were divided into three groups during the study D. texting walkers are exposed to greater possibility of traffic accidents 45. The last paragraph suggests that_________. A. actions have been taken against texting while walking B. Hong Kong’s subway system forbids texting walkers to take the train C. New York has made laws to ban phone jaywalking D. cellphone-distracted road crossing is considered the worst habit in Singapore 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列英美流行电视节目的信息。
A. Project Runway is an American reality television series on Lifetime, which focuses on fashion design and is hosted by model Heidi Klum. The contestants compete with each other to create the best clothes and are limited in time, materials and theme. Their designs are judged, and one or more designers are eliminated each week. B. Combat Missions is a one hour long reality TV show produced by Mark Burnett and hosted by former Survivor castaway, Rudy Boesch. It pits four teams of highly-experienced military and police operatives against each other in physical challenges and "mission" operatives. Each team has a call sign and corresponding color.
C. American Idol is an American reality-singing competition series created by Simon Fuller and produced by 19 Entertainment, and distributed by FremantleMedia North America. It becomes one of the most successful shows in the history of American television. Either its performance or result show has been ranked number one in U.S. television ratings.
D. The Baby Borrowers is a British reality television series produced by Love Productions for BBC Three. The show features five couples aged between 16 and 19. They start off attempting to look after a baby for three days, before moving onto toddlers, pre-teens, teenagers and finally an elderly person. There are also two separate shows.
E. America's Next Top Model is an American reality television series and interactive competition. The program has aired twenty cycles, and sees several women compete for the title of "America's Next Top Model", providing them with an opportunity to begin their career in the modeling industry.
F. The Colbert Report is an American late-night ironic television program that airs Monday through Thursday on Comedy Central. It stars humorist Stephen Colbert, a former reporter for The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. It is a by-product from and counterpart to The Daily Show that comments on politics and the media in a similar way.
目。 46. Theresa, a beautiful and out-going girl, loves sports and music very much. After graduation, she works in a local computer company. When she is busy with work, she devotes all her energy to it. While after work, she enjoys watching TV and the program about competing for the next supermodel interests her most. 47. Alexander is an excellent student in a military school. His parents place high hope on him and think that to be a government official is their expectation for him. In fact, Alexander also shows a talent for leadership and has the same wish with his parents. Therefore, the TV programs about political systems are his favorite. 48. Moore is a manager in a big shoe factory. Sometimes, he goes to travel by bike with his friends in his holidays. Besides, hip-hop is his best love and he often dances together with his companions. When he is at home, he likes watching TV programs about cuisine and music. 49. Helena, a housewife busy with the housework every day, always feels very bored after her children go to school. She is not fond of talking with others. So after cooking and cleaning, watching TV is her daily routine. In general, she favors the programs about designing the fashionable dress. 50. Elizabeth and Michael got married two years ago. During the two years, Elizabeth was occupied in writing her first book about models’ life. However, recently, having finished her first book, she plans to write her second book about how to attend to the babies for new parents. So the TV programs about such themes attract her. Ⅲ 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节：基础写作 （共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 为了提高公众的安全意识和道德意识， 一英文报纸举行以“中国式过马路”为主题的征稿 比赛。 【写作内容】 请你根据表格里的内容写一篇英语短文。 现象 危害 主要 原因 解决 措施 过马路时，行人组队闯红灯，在中国引起了广泛关注； 闯红灯非常危险，导致更多的交通阻塞和事故； 1.一些人总是匆忙，他们忽略交通信号灯以节约时间； 2.另外一些人缺乏安全意识，认为司机不得不停下来，因为许多人一起过马路。 1.应该修建更多的天桥来方便行人过马路； 2.应该教育人们遵守交通规则，对违反交通规则的行人给予严重的惩罚。 ★ 行人 pedestrian 中国式过马路 Chinese style of crossing road
【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节：读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 In the past, if I had to look away from my phone, I felt like I was going to die. When I had lunch with my family or dated with my friends, I couldn’t resist replying to a text message or checking my Facebook, WeChat on the mobile phone. Before long, it was easy for me to get tired. The more I texted during the day, the poor my sleep was. I couldn’t even focus on my study. My friend told me that people who can’t help checking their phones all day are known as phubbers(低头族). Phubbing trends not only to involve the young people, but also the elderly. Soon, I noticed a Stop Phubbing campaign site had been launched. I found the slogan of the website as follows: "stop twittering, stop posting photos…enjoy your food, enjoy the music and respect your campaign." Thankfully, I realized there was actually an outside world. My divided attention could keep me from what is truly important. Now, I can use the phone without feeling like a drug addict. I have more time to enjoy real-life activities. Use your cell phone and don’t let it use you. 【写作内容】 1.用约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.用约 120 词就“拒为低头族”的话题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1）你周围有低头族吗？他们成为“低头族”的原因。 （2）成为“低头族”给学习和生活带来的影响。 （3）就如何“拒为低头族”提一些建议。 【写作要求】 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接 引用原文的句子。 2. 作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
完形填空： 1—5 ABDCB 6—10 DCACB 11—15 DACAD 语法填空： 16. They 17. in 18. how 19. lay 21. but 22. thinking 23. delighted 24. where
20. the 25. hurriedly
阅读理解 26—30 ABADC 31—35ABBDC 36—40 ACDDB 41—45 CDBDA 信息匹配 46—50 EFCAD 基础写作： （One possible version） Nowadays, it’s common in China that some pedestrians tend to run the red light in groups when crossing the street, which has raised widespread concern. Actually, running the red light, also called Chinese style of crossing road, is quite dangerous for it may lead to more traffic jams and accidents. There are two main reasons behind the phenomenon, one of which is that some people are in such a hurry that they ignore the traffic light to save time. Others take it for granted that drivers have to stop because so many people cross the street together, thinking little of safety. In order to prevent this dangerous behavior, more overpasses should be built to make it easier for pedestrians to cross the street. Besides, the public should be educated to follow the traffic rules and whoever breaks the traffic rules should be severely punished. 读写任务： （One possible version） According to the passage, the author was addicted to playing mobile phone and it affected his normal life. However, Stop Phubbing campaign helped him realized the importance of the real life and he could use phone reasonably. Nowadays, we can see many people are watching their mobile phones in subway, restaurants, elevators, roads and so on. There is no denying that people who like the mobile phone are concerned about its attractive functions. Phubbers can’t stop sending messages, surfing on the Internet, listening to music and even taking photos by using the mobile phone. Moreover, some people have less time to relax themselves. They make use of the time when they are on the way to school or other places to play mobile games. However, phubbing disturbs not only our study but also our life. On the one hand, phubbers waste lots of time playing cell phone games and sending messages, particularly in class. Other people also complain they are disturbed when phones ring in classrooms. On the other hand, it can lead to health problems. For instance, using a mobile phone on the sofa can cause back and neck pain. As far as I am concerned, it is high time that we threw away the phone and raised our heads up. Do cherish everything around us and appreciate the scenery ahead of us. What’s more, we should do more exercises and take part in real-life activities. In a word, only when we use the phone reasonably, can we realize the happiness of life.
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