牛津高中英语模块一 语言点 Unit 1 School life
be happy with / be satisfied with: 对…… 满意 ? Are you happy with your present situation? ? 2. earn sb sth: 为某人赢得…… ? earn a/one’s living: 谋生 ? ① His
honesty earned him much respect. ? ② It is wrong to earn a living by gambling. 靠赌博为生是错误的。 ? 3. for free/free of charge: 免费
4. respect ? n. ① 尊重，尊敬 ? have/show respect for sb: 尊重…… ? We should show respect for the old. ? ② 重视，考虑 ? show respect for sth: 考虑…… ? You should show respect for others’ feelings when communicating with others. ? ③ 方面 ? in all respects: 在各方面 ? with respect to sth: 就……而言，关于 ? With respect to your doubt, I will give you a reasonable explanation. ? 关于你的疑虑，我会给你一个合理的解释。
average ? (1) n. 平均数，平均水平 ? on average: 平均来看 ? above/below average: 高于∕低于平均水 平 ? ① These marks are well above average. ? ② We fail one student per year on average. ? (2) adj. 平均的；普通的，平常的 ? Average temperature. ? An average girl.
struggle: n. & vi. 斗争，奋斗；挣扎；争夺 ? It is a struggle for sb to do: 对……来说是困 难的事 ? struggle to do sth: 努力做…… ? struggle for/against : 为。。斗争/与。。斗争 ? struggle to one’s feet: 挣扎着站起来 ? struggle on: 挣扎着坚持下去 ? ① It was a real struggle for you to be on time. ? ② I’m struggling to complete the job you tell me to do. ? ③ We have lost two of our best players, but we’re struggling on.
7. devote: vt. 致力于，付出，献身 ? devote oneself/one’s time to doing sth: 致力 于……；为……付出…… ? one’s energy/one’s life ? He has devoted all his being to his career.
★★devoted: adj 热爱的，忠实的，全心全意的 ? be devoted to sb / sth: 热爱／忠于…… ? She is devoted to her motherland. ? be bent on doing sth=be devoted to doing sth 一心一意做某事 （任务型阅读）
★★devotion：n. ( to sb / sth) 挚爱；献身，忠心 ? a mother’s devotion to her son.
8. fun ? (1) n. [U] ① 快乐，乐趣 ② 滑稽，幽默 ③ 有趣的 人或事 ? what fun: 多么快乐 ? have fun: 玩得高兴 ? just for fun: 当笑话，取乐 ? ① What fun we had! ? ② Have fun on such beautiful beach! ? ③ I’m learning to cook just for fun. ? ④ She is very lovely and full of fun. 她很活泼又很 幽默。 ? ⑤ It’s not much fun going to a party alone. 独自一 人去参加聚会没意思。 ? (2) adj. 有趣的，愉快的 ? a fun night.
satisfaction: 满足地，满意地 ? He accepted my offer with great satisfaction. ? （2）to one’s satisfaction:令某人满意的是 ? To my satisfaction, all my friends are safe. ? (3) be satisfied with :对什么满意 ? Coach are satisfied with this score. ? 10. look back on: 回顾…… ? I like to look back on my high ? school days, which were the happiest in my life.
graduate from sth: 从……毕业 ? 12. after graduation: 毕业以后 ? 13. develop an interest in sth 培养对…的兴 趣 ? After graduation from university, he developed an interest in arts. ? 14. upon/on (doing) sth: 一……就…… ? Upon arriving ,we started our work at once. ? 15. donate: vt. 捐赠 donate sth to sb ? donation: n. [d?u?nei ??n] 捐赠，捐赠物 ? Plenty of goods have been donated to the flood-stricken area.
16. regret that: 后悔∕遗憾…… ? regret to do sth: 遗憾要做…… ? regret doing sth: 后悔做了…… ? to one’s regret: 使……遗憾的是 ? ① I regret that I can’t help. ? ② We regret to inform you that the sports meeting has been put off. 兹奉告运动会已被推迟，甚以为 憾。 ? ③ I regret to say the job has been filled. 十分抱歉， 那个工作已经有人做了。 ? ④ He regretted having lost such an important chance to study abroad. ? ⑤ Much to my regret, I can’t accept your invitation.
17. host: n. 主人，东道主，主持人 ? vt. 主办，主持 ? host a program/ host the Olympic Games ? 18. approve sth: 通过，批准 ? approve of sth:同意,赞成 approve of sb doing sth 同意某人做某事 ? approval（n） 赞成，同意，认可 ? give one’s approval to sth: 同意…… ? ① School doesn’t approve of students wearing long hair. ? ② The boss approved the company’s proposal. ? ③ Have you given your approval to the trip plan?
charge ? (1) v. ①. 收费，要价 charge sb + 钱 + for sth ? How much do you charge me for this pair of shoes? ? ②. 指控 charge sb with sth: 指控某 人…… be charged with…被指控 ? She charged me with my losing duty. 她指控我玩忽职守。 ? He was charged with murder.他被指 控谋杀 ? ③. 给……充电 charge the battery
(2) n.管理，负责；指控；电荷，电量；费用 ? free of charge: 免费 ? 管理∕负责…… sb be in charge of sth: ? sb take charge of sth: ? sth be in the charge of sb ? =sth be run by sb 某事由某人负责 ? ① He was left in charge of the shop while the manager was away. 经理不在时，他负 责这家商店。 ? ② The department was badly organized until she took charge of it. ? 那个部门在她负责以前组织工作做得很差。 ? ③ These patients are in the charge of Dr Heywood.
more than:(1).+数词 超过 ? (2).+名词/动名词 不仅仅 ? (3).+adj/adv 非常 ? (4).+带can的分句 不能 ? ① More than 10 students have attended the assembly. ? ② I’m more than happy to take you there in my car. ? ③ The beauty of the West Lake is more than words can describe. ? ④He is more than my father ;he is my best friend.
21. make preparations for sth: 为……做准备 ? in preparation for sth: 为……做准备(作状语) ? ① The army is making preparations for a fullscale invasion. ? ② We are doing all this in preparation for the coming exam. ? 22. inform sb of sth: 告知某人…… ? keep sb informed of sth: 使某人被告知∕让某人知 道…… ? ① I have been informed of the latest news. ? ② Keep me informed of what has happened. ? 23.not a bit=not at all 一点也不 ? not a little=very much 非常 pretty/quite
v. ? requirement n. ? require doing=require to be done 需要被做 ? require sb to do 要求某人做某事 ? require + that sb (should) do sth ? 例句： ? I was required to complete the task by myself. ? My parents require that I (should) go home on time. ? The bike requires repairing/to be repaired.
to do 打算做某事 ? mean doing 意味着做某事 ? I didn't mean to hurt you. ? That means wasting time. ? 26.used to do/be 过去常常做某事/过去曾是 ? be used to do 被用来做某事 ? be used to (doing) sth 习惯做某事 ? 27.achieve v achievement n 成就 ? ①achieve success/vicyory 获得成功/胜利 ? ②achieve one's aim/purpose 达到目标/目的
some time/some money on sth ? (in)doing sth ? =It takes sb some time/some money to do . ? 29.so+adj+that ? such+n+that 如此。。。以至于。。。 ? That box was so heavy that I couldn’t carry. ? He is such a little child that I can’t hurt him. ? 30.indepednt adj independence n ? be in dependent of 不依赖于，独立于 ? 尽管他的父母很有钱，但他从来不依赖于他 的家人。 ? depend on依赖，取决于 ? That depends on his own idea.
former; the latter两者中的前者与后者 ? Jane and Marry are good friends;the former is a tercher ,the latter is a nurse. ? 32.develop v development n ? developing developed ? China is a_______country. ? America is a ______country. ? 33.exchange A for B 拿A与B交换 ? exchange sth with sb 同某人交换某物 ? in exchange for 以。。作为交换 ? 34.make use of ? make good use of
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