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美国文化文字版

Group One

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1.Festival 2.Leaders 3.Sports 4.Artists 5.Geography 6.Scenery 7.Customs

Festival
? Like our Chinese, American have lots of festivals. Now let me introduce some of them for you. ? 像我们中国人一样,美国人也 有许多节日。下面让我为你介 绍其中的一些。

? In the United States New Year‘s holiday is not the most exciting, but there are still many grand celebrations, California roses cars will be the United States the largest New Year’s celebration.

? 新年在美国并不是最热闹的节 日,但仍有不少盛大的庆祝活 动,加利福尼亚州的玫瑰花车 是美国规模最大的新年盛典。

纽约时代广场大苹果倒计时
? In New Year‘s Eve, New York, Times Square has a crystal ball landed at the ceremony which is known as "Big Apple" fell off. ? 在新年夜,纽约时代广场有 水晶球降落仪式,俗称"大苹果" 掉下来。

拉斯维加斯除夕夜的焰火
? This is las vegas. In New Year‘s Eve, there will be a grand fireworks display. ? These celebrations attract hundreds of thousands of visitors from all of the world every year. ? 这是拉斯维加斯。在除夕夜, 这里会有一场盛大的烟火表演。

? 以上三大庆典活动每年吸引数 十万来自世界各地的观众。

? February 14th, Valentine's Day, it’s a Western traditional festival.

? 二月十四日,情人节,是一个 西方传统的节日。

? Young people are the stars deserved St. Valentine's Day, they choose a gift for lovers, gift flowers, expressing their love.

? 年轻人是情人节当之无愧的主 角,他们要在这一节日里为恋 人选择礼物、赠送鲜花,表达 自己的爱慕之情。

? In the United States, St. Valentine's Day is no longer just young people's holidays, family friends can send each other small gifts to express the feelings of friendship.

? 在美国,情人节已不仅仅是青 年人的节日,亲人朋友之间都 可以互送小礼品以表达感情增 进友谊。

? April 1 is the United States, Western folk festivals - Fool's Day.

? 4月1日是西方也是美国的民间 传统节日——愚人节。

? Fool's Day the most typical activity is that they joked with each other, fool each other. The time when people are taken in, they will shouted "April fool“ with a smile and run away.

? 愚人节最典型的活动还是大家 相互开玩笑,捉弄对方。当人 们发现的时候,他们他们就一 边喊着“四月傻瓜”,一边笑 着跑开去。

? Today's Fool's Day in the United States is mainly naughty boys holiday.

? 如今的愚人节在美国已主要是 淘气的男孩子们的节日。

? Easter is the religious festival in memory of of Jesus.

? 复活节是一个纪念耶稣的宗教 节日。

? There are many Easter traditions and customs. The most typical is Easter eggs. Rabbit is also a symbol of Easter.

? 复活节有不少传统习惯,最典 型的要数复活节彩蛋。兔子也 是复活节的象征。

? There is no date scheduled for Arbor Day. However, every April or May, the Arbor Day activities are organized.

植树节统一规定的日期。但是每 年4、5月间,美国都要组织植 树节活动。

? The United States Mother's Day began in May 1907.

? 美国的母亲节始于1907年5月。

? On this day, people always find ways to enable mothers to spend a pleasant holiday, for their year of hard work. The most common way is give their mother Mother’s Day card or present.

? 这一天,人们总要想方设法使 母亲愉快地度过节日,感谢她 们一年的辛勤劳动。最普通的 方式是向母亲赠送母亲节卡片 或礼物.

? In June 1910, people in America celebrated the first Father's Day.

? 1910年6月,人们庆祝了第一个 父亲节。

? In June 1934, the U.S. Congress provided the third Sunday in June as Father's Day.

? 1934年6月,美国国会规定6月 的第三个星期日为父亲节。

? November 1 Halloween is a traditional festival for the West.

? 11月1日万圣节是西方的传统节 日。

? At night, the children could not wait to put on colorful make-up clothes, wearing strange masks, put on a "Jack Light" .They knock at their neighbor’s door and shouted: "Trick or treat?“

? 夜幕降临,孩子们便迫不及待 地穿上五颜六色的化妆服,戴 上千奇百怪的面具,提上一盏 “杰克灯” 。跑到邻居家敲门 并喊着:“要恶作剧还是给款 待”

? The fourth Thursday in November is Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving is an ancient festival and American‘s gather holiday.

? 11月的第四个星期四是感恩节。 感恩节是美国的一个古老节日, 也是美国人合家欢聚的节日。

? Thanksgiving turkey is a traditional main course. There are also foods like sweet potato, pumpkin pie, and strawberry jam .

? 火鸡是感恩节的传统主菜。感 恩节的传统食品还有甜山芋、 南瓜饼、草莓果酱等。

? December 25 Christmas is the United States largest and most exciting festival.

? 12月25日圣诞节是美国最大最 热闹的节日。

? Christmas tree is the most typical Christmas decoration, people will decorate the tree with gifts and lights. It’s believed that children will received gift from father Christmas on this day.

? 圣诞节里最典型的装饰是圣诞 树,人们会在树上挂满礼物和 彩灯。孩子们一直确信在这一 天他们会收到圣诞老人的礼物。

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1.Festival 2.Leaders 3.Sports 4.Artists 5.Geography 6.Scenery 7.Customs

Made by

? First, let’s have a look at the U.S. White House . It’s the place of president and the government office.

? 首先,让我们看看白宫。这是 总统和政府办公的场所。

乔治·华盛顿 乔治 华盛顿
? George Washington was the first president of the United States. In 1789, he was elected the president, 1793 reelection. He is taken as the greatest president in American history. ? 乔治·华盛顿是美国首任总统。 1789年,当选为美国第一任总 统,1793年连任。他被称为美 国历史上最伟大的总统。

亚伯拉罕·林肯 亚伯拉罕 林肯
? Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. In his president, the United States broke up the civil war. He abolished slavery. ? 亚伯拉罕·林肯是美国第十六任 总统。在其任职期间,美国爆 发了南北战争。他废除了奴隶 制度。

富兰克林·罗斯福 富兰克林 罗斯福
? Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32th President of the United States. He played an important role in the Great Depression and World War II. He was taken as one of the three greatest U.S. presidents by scholars. ? 富兰克林·罗斯福是美国第三十 二任总统。罗斯福在经济大萧 条和第二次世界大战中扮演了 重要的角色。被学者评为是美 国最伟大的三位总统之一。

哈里·S·杜鲁门 哈里 杜鲁门
? Harry ·S· Truman was the 33th President of the United States. He once ordered to drop of atomic bombs in Japan. ? 哈里·S·杜鲁门是美国第三十三 任总统。曾下令向日本投掷原 子弹。

约翰·肯尼迪 约翰 肯尼迪
? John Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States. In 1960 he was elected as U.S. president, becoming the youngest in American history. ? 约翰·肯尼迪是美国第三十五任 总统。他于1960年当选为美国 总统,成为美国历史上最年轻 的当选总统。

理查德·米尔豪斯 尼克松 理查德 米尔豪斯·尼克松 米尔豪斯
? Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States. He first visited China in 1972 and opened the door of bilateral relations, becoming the first U.S. president to visit China. ? 理查德·米尔豪斯·尼克松是美国 第三十七位总统。尼克松于 1972年首次访华,打开了两国 关系的大门,成为访问中国的 第一位美国总统。

罗纳德·威尔逊 里根 罗纳德 威尔逊·里根 威尔逊
? Ronald Wilson Reagan was the 37th President of the United States. Of all American presidents, he was the oldest to take office. He is the only one served as president of the actor-turned-president. ? 罗纳德·威尔逊·里根是美国第三 十七位总统。历任总统之中, 他就职年龄最大。他是历任总 统中唯一一位演员出身的总统。

威廉·杰斐逊 克林顿 威廉 杰斐逊·克林顿 杰斐逊
? William Jefferson Clinton was the 42th President of the United States. His greatest achievement during his presidency was the prosperous economy. ? 威廉·杰斐逊·克林顿是美国第四 十二任总统。克林顿执政期间 最大的成就是繁荣的经济。

乔治·沃克 布什 乔治 沃克·布什 沃克
? George W. Bush was the 43th President of the United States. September 11 incident is his turning point in his term of office. ? 乔治·沃克·布什是美国第四十三 任总统。九一一事件是布什总 统任内的转戾点。

贝拉克·奥巴马 贝拉克 奥巴马
? Barack Obama was the 44th President of the United States. He is the winner of 2009 Nobel Peace Prize. ? 贝拉克·奥巴马是美国第四十四 任总统。2009年获得了诺贝尔 和平奖。

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1.Festival 2.Leaders 3.Sports 4.Artists 5.Geography 6.Scenery 7.Customs

Made by

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1.Festival 2.Leaders 3.Sports 4.Artists 5.Geography 6.Scenery 7.Customs

Made by

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1.Festival 2.Leaders 3.Sports 4.Artists 5.Geography 6.Scenery 7.Customs

Made by

? This is a map of America. The United States is the world‘s fourth-largest country in area.

? 这图一张美国地图。美国是世 界上面积第四大的国家。

? These are flag, emblem, nation flower and nation bird of America.

这些是美国的国旗,国徽,国花 和国鸟。

密西西比河
? Mississippi is the world's fourth longest river and longest in North America, with the most extensive area and the largest water. ? 世界第四长河,也是北美洲流 程最长、流域面积最广、水量 最大的河流。

苏必利尔湖
? Lake Superior is shared by the United States and Canada. It ‘s the world's second largest lake and the world's largest freshwater lake. ? 苏必利尔湖为美国和加拿大共 有。它是是世界上第二大湖泊, 也是世界上第一大淡水湖。

密歇根湖
? Lake Michigan ranks third in size. It’s the only one belongs entirely to the United States of Great Lakes. ? 密歇根湖是北美五大湖中面积 居第三位,唯一全部属于美国 的湖泊 。

休伦湖
? Lake Huron is one of Great Lakes of North America. It’s the second largest lake and locates in center. ? 休伦湖是北美洲五大湖之一, 北美五大湖中第二大湖,其位 置居中。

伊利湖
? Lake Erie is also shared by the United States and Canada. It is east, west, south to the United States, and north to Canada. ? 伊利湖同样为美国和加拿大共 有,东、西、南面为美国,北 面为加拿大。

安大略湖
? Lake Ontario is the world's 14th Great Lakes. It is the most eastern of North American Great Lakes and the smallest. ? 安大略湖是世界第十四大湖。 它是北美洲大湖区最东和最小 的湖泊。

阿巴拉契亚山脉
? Appalachian Mountains are an important mountain range in eastern North America. It’s well-known as coal-producing areas. ? 阿巴拉契亚山脉是北美洲东部 的主要山脉。它是著名的煤产 区。

落基山脉
? Rocky Mountain is a huge mountain north to western Canada, south to the southwestern United States, almost across the whole United States. ? 落基山脉这条巨大的北至加拿 大西部,南达美国西南部,几 乎纵贯美国全境。

加利福尼亚州
? California is located in the western United States. It is the most economically developed state and it has the largest population in the United States. ? 加利福尼亚州位于美国西部, 美国经济最发达、人口最多的 州。

德克萨斯州
? Texas is the largest state in the south of American and the nation's second-largest state. Houston is the largest city of Texas.
? 德克萨斯州是美国南方最大的州, 也是全美第二大州。它最大的城市 是休斯顿。

Made by

白宫
? White House is U.S. President's official residence and office. For the first family member to live, so it’s translated as "the White House." ? 白宫是美国总统的官邸、办公 室。供第一家庭成员居住,所 以中文译成“白宫”。

? It’s located in Washington. DC. It was start in 1972 and completed in 1980.

? 它坐落于华盛顿市区。它开工 于1972年,竣工于1980年。

? The main building is 26 meters high and 52 meters wide. It’s a three-story building. And the building takes two million and four hundred thousand dollars.

? 主楼高26米,宽52米。它是一 个三层楼的建筑。这个建筑花 费了二百四十万美元。

大峡谷
? The Grand Canyon was chosen by UNESCO as one of protected natural heritage. ? 它被联合国教科文组织选为受 保护的天然遗产之一。

? The deepest, widest, longest one is the Grand Canyon. It is one of the world's longest canyon.

? 其中最深、最宽、最长的一个 就是科罗拉多大峡谷。它全长 446公里,是世界上最长的峡谷 之一。

? Needless to say, it’s one of the most magnificent scenery on earth.

? 不必说,它是世界上最壮丽的 景色之一。

尼亚加拉大瀑布
? Niagara falls are located between Canada and the United States.
? 尼亚加拉大瀑布坐落于加拿大 与美国之间。

? It is one of the seven wonders in the world.

? 它是世界七大奇观之一。

自由女神像
? Statue of Liberty was presented for the 100th anniversary of independence of the United States as a gift by French in 1876. ? 自由女神像是法国在1876年赠 送给美国独立100周年的礼物。

? It is a symbol of the United States.

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它是美国的象征。

黄石国家公园
? Yellowstone National Park is the world‘s first national park. It’s founded in 1872. ? 黄石国家公园是世界第一座国 家公园。成立于1872年 .

? It was listed as World Natural Heritage In 1978.

? 它在1978年被列为世界自然遗 产。

? Since 1872, the park was founded, there have been more than 60 million tourists who come here.

? 自从1872年黄石公园创办以来, 已有六千多万人来此观光。

约塞米蒂国家公园
? Yosemite National Park is in the western United States. It’s the one of the most beautiful and visited national parks. ? 约塞米蒂国家公园是美国西部 最美丽、参观人数最多的国家 公园之一。

? In 1984 UNESCO took it as natural heritage.

? 1984年联合国教科文组织将其 作为自然遗产。

? It’s known for its magnificent forests.

? 它以壮丽的森林而闻名。

夏威夷火山国家公园
? Mauna Loa and Kilauea are two of the world's largest active volcano. They are the major part of the park. ? 冒纳罗亚山和基拉韦厄火山是 世界上最大的两个活火山。他 们是这个公园的主要组成部分。

? It has been included in the "World Heritage List" in 1987.

? 它于1987年被列入《世界遗产 目录》。

金门大桥
? Golden Gate Bridge is one of the world-famous bridge and it’s a wonder of modern bridge engineering. ? 金门大桥是世界著名的桥梁之 一,是近代桥梁工程的一项奇 迹。

? It took four years and 35 million and 500 thousand dollars.

? 它历时4年,耗资达3550万美元 建成。

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1.Festival 2.Leaders 3.Sports 4.Artists 5.Geography 6.Scenery 7.Customs

? Now let me tell you sth about American customs.

Go to work
? Ladies in the office should be in dress, avoiding wearing blue jeans. ? 女士在办公室应着裙装,避 免穿牛仔长裤。

Take a taxi
? If you take a taxi, the right back seat is the best seat. The seat beside the driver is the worst seat. ? 如是搭乘出租车,右后方的 座位为最大座。司机旁的 座位为最卑位。

Taking your friend’s car
? If the driver is your friend, then the seat next to him the most respect seat. And the middle back seat is the worst seat. ? 如开车的是友人,则他旁边 的座位为最尊位,后座中间 的位置为最卑位。

Using knives and forks
? You should start with the outer knife and fork. Press the food with a fork, cut it into small pieces and then put into your mouth. ? 餐具应先由最外面的一副 刀叉开始使用,食物要用叉 子压紧,切成小块才放入口 中。

Have a cup of coffee
? The small coffee spoon is used to stir milk and sugar, and remember not to drink coffee with the spoon. ? 喝咖啡的小汤勺是用来搅 拌奶品及糖的,切记不可用 汤勺来喝咖啡

Shaking hands
? When shaking hands with others, your eyes need to face them. ? 握手的时候眼要正视对方。

Negro or black?
? Be sure not to call black "Negro" in USA, call them "Black" is better. ? 在美国千万不要把黑人称 作“Negro”,最好用 “Black”一词。

Never stretch your tongue towards others.
? Never stretch your tongue towards American. It’s thought that this action is to insult them. ? 忌讳别人冲他伸舌头。认 为这种举止是污辱人的动 作。

No taking off self's shoes before others.
? No taking off self's shoes before others. It’s not polite. ? 不要在他人面前脱掉鞋子, 这是不礼貌的行为。

Thanksgiving day
? Every year, the last Thursday in November is Thanksgiving Day. On this day, American always try to come back from different places, the family sitting together round and round. ? 每年11月的最后一个星期 四是感恩节。这一天美国 人总是力争从天南地北归 来,一家人团团围坐在一 起。

Tips
? You should pay the porters 50 cents for each piece of luggage. Eating in a restaurant, the tip should be given about 15% of the bill. ? 每件行李付给搬运员五十 美分的小费。餐馆餐厅应 该给15%左右的小费。

Breakfast
? In American, they usually have fried or boiled eggs, sausage, fried potato chips, fruit jelly, toast, orange juice and coffee for breakfast.
? 美国人经常以炒或煮鸡蛋、香 肠、油炸土豆片、果子冻、烤 面包、桔子汁以及咖啡等作为 早餐。


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