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m7u1单词讲解上课用


牛津高中英语模块七

Unit 1 Living with technology

1.keep in touch with 与........保持联系
With mobile phones, we can keep in touch with others wherever you are. 有了手机,无论在哪里,我们都能和他

人保 持联系。

get in touch with stay in touch with lose touch with be out of touch with

与....取得联系 与.....保持联系 与......失去联系 与.......没有联系

2.evolution 演变,发展,进化
The evolution of video and sound devices
The Theory of Evolution 《进化论》

v.

evolve

3. construct vt. 制造,修筑,建造 Does the government have the responsibility to construct public libraries? 政府有责任建造公共图书馆吗?

construction n. 建造,建筑,建设,建筑物 Under construction 在建造中 constructive adj. 建设性的,积极的 The new school is still under construction. 新学校还在建设中。 He put forward a constructive suggestion. 他提出了一条建设性的建议。

4. delay

vt &vi (使)推迟,延迟 n. 延误,延迟
推迟做某事
立即,毫不延迟地

delay doing sth without delay

Generally speaking, big companies don’t delay paying their bills. 一般来说,大公司不拖延支付他们的账单。 My doctor advised me to give up smoking without delay.

5. accessible
be accessible to sb.
eg.They also make TV accessible to people who live far away from cities....

adj. 可使用的,可接触到的,可到达的,易理解的

它们也使远离城市的人们可以收看电视.....

n.

access

access n.(接触或使用的)权利,机会,通道
have/get access to 使用,接近,可以利用

give access to......

准许进入

Only a few people have access to the full facts of the case.
只有少数几个人能看到有关该案的全部真实材料。

6. distribute vt.使分布,分散,分发,分配,分销
This species of butterfly is widely distributed over our country. 这种蝴蝶在我国分布很广。
distribute sth to. 把…分配给.... distribution n. 分发,分配,分布 distributive adj (商)经销的,分销的 他们将把这些书分给洪灾地区的学生们。 They will distribute the books to the students in the flooded area.

百分率,百分比

7. 不受数字修饰,不指 percentage 具体的百分比, n. 通常和一个具体数字 percentage percent 连用,指具体的百分 比。

8. wind vt.&vi 上发条,缠绕,蜿蜒,曲折
wind up 上发条,摇动,转动,以......告终,

wind down

逐渐变慢,逐渐平静, 摇下(车窗玻璃等) 蜿蜒,曲折,延伸

wind one’s way

wind---wound----wound(缠绕) wound---wounded---wounded(受伤)

9.ample adj 足够的,充足的,丰裕的
I had bought myself a magazine since I had ample time to wait. 我给自己买了一本杂志,因为我有充分的时间去等

ample 足够的,指数量上不仅能够满足某种需要, 而且有余,即表示“绰绰有余”的意思 enough 足够的,多指数量上,程度上,而不指质 量上,含有满足主观欲望的意思。

10. obvious

adj.显然的,显而易见的

obviously adv. 明显地,显而易见地 It’s obvious that..... 显然...... for obvious reasons 由于显而易见的原因 be obvious to sb. 对某人是显而易见的
It is obvious that it is safer to sell tickets using real names. Obviously, I don’t need to say how important this project is.

11. electronic adj. electronics n. electricity n. electric adj.

电子的,有关电子的 电子学
电,电力,电流

靠电来工作的,导电的,发电的

electrical adj.

电学的,与电有关的

12.suitable adj. 合适的,适当的

She has nothing suitable to wear, so she puts on her best casual clothes. 她没有适合的衣服可穿,于是她穿上了她最好的休闲 装。 be suitable for 适合.......... be suitable to do 适合做...... suit v.适合,使适应 n.套装

Qingdao is suitable for vacation. 青岛适合度假。

? fit/suit/match suit 一般指颜色或者款式合适或符合某人 的地位,身份,口味,性格,条件等
fit 指衣服的大小,尺寸合适,合身 match 多指大小,色调,形状,性质等方 面的搭配

13. vote

vi&vt 投票,选举,表决 n. 选票,选举,表决

They then vote on whether they will accept it. 然后他们投票表决是否接受它。 The matter will be decided by vote. 此事讲投票表决。 They voted Ma Yingjiiui their leader. 他们选马英九做领袖。 vote on 投票表决 vote against 投票反对 vote for 投票赞成 vote to do 投票做......

Vote for the man you can trust. 选你能信赖的人。

14. reject

vt.拒绝,拒收,不予考虑,不予录用

The board rejected all our ideas. 董事会拒绝了我们所有的想法。
区别: reject/refuse/decline/deny reject 强调拒不接受或据不考虑没有价值或不合标准的意见,
计划,请求等,也可以表示拒绝相信,摒弃,厌弃。其后跟名词 或代词,但不能跟不定式。

refuse 表示坚决甚至无礼貌的拒绝接受某物或做某事。此外,
做及物动词时,可表示拒绝给予,后可跟不定式

decline 指有礼貌地拒绝或婉言谢绝邀请,建议,帮助等。其后
可跟名词,代词或是不定式

deny 否认,拒绝承认或相信某个事实,其后跟名词,代词或动
名词

15. oppose vt.反对,抵制,阻挠,与......竞争 Father does not oppose the idea at all. 父亲丝毫不反对这个想法。 oppose doing sth. 反对做某事 be opposed to 反对 as opposed to 与...截然相反,反对...,而非.... opposite adj . 相反的,对面的,对立的 n. 对立面,反义词 Prep. 在........的对面
opposition n. 反对,对抗 in opposition to sth. 反对某事

? I opposed going shopping in working time. ? Our members are definitely opposed to giving in on the safety issue. ? He is considerate;his wife is just the opposite. ? We found ourselves in opposition to our friends on this issue.

16.circumstance n.条件,环境,状况(常用复数形式)
In /under ......... circumstances 在.....情况下 In /under no circumstances 在任何情况下都不

Under no circumstances shall we give up our hope. 任何情况下我们都不要放弃希望。 Under/in no circumstance 置于句首时,该句用部分倒 装

17.sacrifice vt 牺牲,献出 n. 牺牲,舍弃,祭品 sacrifice......for .......为.....牺牲....... sacrifice........to do sth 牺牲.....做某事 make sacrifices 做出牺牲 at the sacrifice of 以牺牲......为代价

You don’t have to promote economic growth at the sacrifice of environmental protection.

18. rid vt.摆脱,去除,丢弃 ? We all wish him to get rid of drugs. ? I want to rid this city of garbage problems. ? rid ....of...... 使.....摆脱.....,使.....免除........ ? get rid of 摆脱,除掉

用touch的适当形式完成句子:
1. 我们已有数年未与Rogers联系了。
We ___________________ with Rogers for have been out of touch years. 2. 尽快与他取得联系。 ________________ him soon. Get in touch with 3. 我们不要脱离现实。 Let us _________________ reality. not lose touch with

用delay的适当形式完成句子:
1. 我们决定把假期推迟到下个月。
delay (going on) We decided to ______________ our holiday until next month. 2. 我们必须马上离开。 We must leave ________________. without delay 3. 飞机起飞推迟了两个小时。 a delay of There was _________ two hours before the plane took off.

用accessible的适当形式完成句子:
1. 这种信息不是很容易得到的。
accessible Such information is not really _________. 2. 你很容易接近她。 access to You can easily get ________ her.

用distribute的适当形式完成句子:
1. 在战争中,所有的食品都按计划分配。
were distributed During the war, all foods ______________ in a planned way. 2. 这种海豚广泛分布在世界各地。 This species of dolphin _________________ is widely distributed the world. throughout

用percent和percentage填空:
1. Thirty ________ of the farmland has percent been planted to oil crops.
percentage 2. A high __________ of the female staff are part-time workers. percentage 3. The figure is expressed as a __________.

percentage /percent 4. What _________________ of the population is /are overweight?

用wind的适当形式完成句子:
1. 所有窗的玻璃都摇上了吗?
Are wound up ______ all the windows ____________? 2. 如果大家都同意,我们就结束讨论吧。 wind up discussion If we all agree, let’s _______ the _______ her.

完成句子:
1. 显而易见,手机当下十分流行。
It is obvious/ clear that mobile phones _____________________ are quite popular nowadays. 2. 很明显,这位年轻人缺乏工作经验。 It is obvious that the young man is lacking in _______ working experience. /short of

完成句子:
1. 我没有适合在聚会上穿的衣服。
suitable to wear I don’t have anything __________________ for the party. 2. 这种驾驶技巧适合初学者。 is suitable for This driving technique ______________. beginners

完成句子:
1. 我们将听取双方的辩论,然后投票表决。
We’ll listen to the arguments on both sides vote on and then _________ it.

完成句子:
1. 我反对你单独去那儿。
oppose you/ your going I ____________________ there alone. 2. 爱与恨是相对立的。 is opposed to Love _____________ hate.

完成句子:
1. I tried various ways to ______________ rid the kitchen of flies (驱除厨房中的苍蝇). 2. 现在我已经还清债务了。
am rid of I _____________ debt now.

单项选择:
1. Please telephone me every few days, and in that way we can ______ each other. A. make friends with B. keep in touch with C. get in touch with D. lose touch with 2. Before liberation the laboring people had no ______ to education. A. access B. approach C. entrance D. admission

单项选择:
3. Because of the financial crisis this year, the company decided not to _____ dividends (红利) to its shareholders. A. vary B. disturb C. distribute D. contribute 4. ______ is the percentage of the population who own their own homes? A. How B. What C. How much D. How many

单项选择:
5. They delayed ______ the sports meeting. A. to hold B. to have C. holding D. taking place 6. The river ______ its way between the two mountains. A. follows B. winds C. flows D. gets


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